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ly in the military service, yet he rendered efficient
aid as a recruiting officer, in which capacity he op-
erated for over a year in Massachusetts.

In religion, he follows in the line of Plymouth
Rock, and intends to " fight it out on that line." He
has been identified with Sunday-school work since
his early youth, and in the state of his adoption has
been a prominent laborer in the same field. He
has served efficiently for six years as a member of
the State Sunday-School Association, two years of
which he has been its president.

In 1863, for the benefit of his then failing health,
he made a trip to Europe, visiting the principal
cities of that quarter of the globe.

On the 2 2d of September, 1857, he married Miss
Fannie M. Breed, of Lynn, Massachusetts, a scion
of an old and long established family, which has
embraced in its membership many names of marked
ability, Mr. Isatiah- Breed, her grandfather, having
been for thirty years president of the Lynn Mechan-
ics' Bank, and serving two terms in the state senate.
They have two children, namely, Elmore Descom
and Mabel Bartlette.



THE subject of this brief sketch, a native of
MassachusettSjWasbornin Lanesborough, Berk-
shire county, on the 6th of August, 1823, the son of
Calvin and Martha (Wheeler) Bagg. At an early
age he attended a private school in his native town,
and afterward pursued a three years' course of study
at Lenox Academy, in the same county. At the age
of nineteen he entered the law office of William T.
Filly, Esq., of Lanesborough; and, on being ad-
mitted to the bar, removed, in May, 1845, to Elyria,
Lorain county, Ohio. There he practiced law

twelve years, and built up a good business; but
desiring a wider field of action, he resolved to
remove to the west, and accordingly crossed the
Mississippi river, and in March, 1857, settled at
Waterloo, then recently made the county seat of
Blackhawk county. Here he has since resided, and
established a fine reputation as an honorable man
and skillful attorney. During his first ten years in
Iowa he practiced in partnership with Hon. Henry
B. Allen, and the docket of the district court showed
a growing and very lucrative business.



On the 23d of November, 1862, Mr. Bagg was
appointed assistant quartermaster in the army, with
the rank of captain, and afterward was breveted
major for efficient service. He served till Decem-
ber, 1865.

In November, 1868, he was elected the first circuit
judge of the ninth district; he was reelected in 1872,
and at the time of this writing is again a candidate
on the republican ticket for the same office. His
affiliations have always been with the party of which

he is now so popular a favorite, and no jurist in
northern Iowa is more deserving of public confi-
dence and esteem.

Judge Bagg is a member of the Masonic fraternity.
In religious sentiment, he is a Baptist, and has been
a member of the Waterloo church for eighteen years.

On the 15th of May, 1845, he was married to
Miss Mary M. McKnaught, of Lebanon Springs,
New York, a very accomplished lady, by whom he
has one child, a daughter.



THE oldest continuous banker in the State of
Iowa, and one of the builders of the first flour-
ing mill in the valley of the Cedar, is John Weare,
for more than thirty years a resident of Cedar
Rapids. His parents were John and Cynthia Ash-
ley Weare, his father being a farmer, lumber dealer
and general business man. The great-great-grand-
father of the subject of this sketch was the first
governor of New Hampshire, and the first bank
resident in that state. The Weares were a patriotic
family, several of them participating in the struggle
for independence, and the father of our subject los-
ing a leg in the war of 1812.

John Weare, junior, was born on the 8th of Octo-
ber, 1816, in Stanstead, Canada, then Lower Canada,
and in his infancy his parents moved across the line
into Orleans county, Vermont. There he spent his
childhood and early youth, reared in industry and
always ready for work. From ten to fourteen years
of age he often picked potatoes for neighbors at ten
cents a day; that sum, in those days, looking as large
to him, no doubt, as a thousand cents to-day. To
secure pocket money for the holidays he' and his
playmates used to climb hemlock trees for young
crows and get the bounty money.

When John was fifteen years old, the whole family,
father, mother, four boys and four girls, moved to
Allegan, Michigan. There they cleared up a large
heavily-timbered farm, the father engaging also, in
a short time, largely in the lumber business. Young
John remained with his father until he was past
twenty-one years of age, always ready for any task,
however rough and hard.

After the panic of 1837 Mr. Weare came to Iowa,
and spent some years in prospecting and in various

kinds of employment in different places, settling
finally in Cedar Rapids in the spring of 1845. The
previous winter he spent in Dubuque, procuring sub-
scribers and making collections for the " Miners'
Express," doing a remunerative writer's work.

On reaching Cedar Rapids, in connection with
others, he immediately made preparations for util-
izing the water-power, building a dam, digging a
race, etc. Shovel in hand, he worked side by side
with the Irishmen and other laborers in the race,
standing in the water sometimes ten or twelve hours
a day; and went twenty miles up the Cedar for
timber for the first flouring-mill and saw-mill built
in Cedar Rapids. He floated the logs down the
stream, having the oversight of the whole work.
Night after night he camped out with the choppers,
having a force of twenty men under his charge.
The completion of the flouring-mill — still standing,
and one of the landmarks of the city — marked an
epoch in the history of the place. Frontier settlers
came a hundred miles for flour, doing more or less
shopping, and making Cedar Rapids an important
trading point.

With the mill in operation Mr. Weare soon began
to open farms, one after another, until he had five
under good cultivation, adding sto<;k and improving
its breed from time to time. All these farms he
owns to-day, and all, with their neat houses and
industrious tenants, are within the sound of the
church bells and steam whistles of Cedar Rapids.

As the country began to . develop, Mr. Weare
opened an agency office for the transaction of mis-
cellaneous business, it eventually growing into a
bank. He used to take emigrants up and down the
Cedar valley and out into the open prairie ; select



lands and make entries for them, and give them
liberal time in which to make payments, usually
from two to five years. These settlers were almost
invariably persons of very moderate means, yet they
were honest and industrious, coming here to make
homes and rear families ; and, strange to say, out of
something like three millions of dollars invested for
these poor farmers, he never had to take a farm
back, never resorted to the law to secure his full
pay, and never lost a dollar ! Years ago they ex-
changed their log cabins for one and a half and two-
story frame and brick houses, and are among the
most independent class of people in Linn and its
adjoining counties. The thrift of these early settlers
Mr. Weare has often cited to people at the east, on
his visits there, and has thus induced multitudes in
later years to settle in the Cedar valley and other
parts of Iowa. Directly and indirectly he has ex-
erted a mighty influence in filling up the " Empire
State " of the west.

As the country has increased in population and
wealth, his banking operations, commenced twenty-
five years ago, have expanded in proportion, until
he is not only the oldest continuous banker in the
state, but one of the most extensive, as well as the
most reputable financier. He is president of the
First National Bank of Cedar Rapids.

Mr. Weare has always taken a deep interest in the
railroad enterprises centering here, and was one of
the foremost men in bringing most of them into town.
No interest likely to enhance the growth of Cedar

Rapids, or in any way to benefit the people, has
failed to receive his hearty cooperation. He is very
active in every good cause.

Mr. Weare belongs to the Masonic fraternity.

He is a liberal contributor to the Protestant
churches of Cedar Rapids, and promptly responds
to charitable objects generally.

In middle life he voted the whig ticket ; latterly,
the republican.

In March, 1840, he married Miss . Martha Park-
hurst, of Allegan, Michigan, and raised five of her
children in Cedar Rapids. Most of them are settled
in Iowa, and within a few hours' ride of the paternal
home. His-first wife died in 1858. In December,
1862, he married Miss Martha Rogers, of Clinton,
Iowa, formerly of Buffalo, New York. She has two
children, both at school in this city. All of Mr.
Weare's children have been educated in Iowa. He
is a warm friend of education, and believes in
patronizing home institutions.

Mr. Weare has seen his sixty autumns, yet is as
fresh-looking and as sprightly as most men in middle
life. Not one man in ten thousand has a finer
physique, or shows better preservation. His health
is perfect, the result, in part at least, of strictly tem-
perate habits, and great prudence, coupled with
great activity. , In a business point his life has been
a grand success, and the lesson of his indomitable
industry and pluck and his unflinching rectitude is
now before the young men of the state and country.
Let them study it.



NORTHWOOD, Iowa, was fortunate in having
men of solid merits for its founders and its
early settlers. . They gave a good reputation to the
town, and that reputation abides. Among the first
families to settle here, the pioneers, in fact, were the
Dwelle brothers, Lemuel, Albert J., and Horace V.
Dwelle, all men of excellent character and full of
public spirit.

Lemuel Dwelle, a native of New York, was born
at Greenwich, Washington county, on the i6th of
August, 1824. His parents were Alphonso and
Elizabeth Tefft Dwelle. The grandfather of Lemuel
was a captain in the revolutionary army, and several
of his uncles were in the war of 1812, Lemuel

spent the first twenty-two years of his life on his
father's farm, receiving, meanwhile, a common school
education. For ten years he was a contractor and
builder, doing a large business.

In 1856 Mr. Dwelle started for the west, locating
early in the following year where the beautiful vil-
lage of Northwood now stands, and where then stood
a solitary log house. He and his brother, Albert J.,
built a flouring mill on the Shelbrook river, and ran
it until 187s, when they sold out. At present
Lemuel is engaged in farming and the real-estate
business, buying and selling large quantities of land,
and still in partnership with Albert.

Mr. Dwelle was county surveyor the first five or



six years that he was in Northwood, and was a
county supervisor fourteen or fifteen years. In 1866
he was elected to the lower house of the general
assembly, and in 1875 to the upper house, doing in
both branches good service in the committees on
manufactures, agriculture, and horticulture, being
chairman of the first two. He was very diligent in
the legislature, and a faithful servant of the people.
His senatorial term does not expire until 1879.

The Dwelles were the local prime movers in
securing the Central Railroad of Iowa, which has
its northern terminus at Northwood, and are leaders
in all useful enterprises.

Mr. Dwelle has been a Mason for twelve years
and has taken three degrees. He has been a mem-
ber of the Baptist church for thirty years.

On the 30th of December, 1875, he was married
to Miss Hattie A. Edwards, of East Troy, New York.

Lemuel Dwelle is a thoroughly truthful, kind-
hearted man, seeking other's good as well as his
own. He has helped himself by helping others, has
encouraged worthy people to settle in Northwood,
actually making sacrifices in their behalf, but has
thereby increased the population and improved the
society of the place. In character, as well as in
purse, he is one of the solid men of Worth county.



of the tenth judicial circuit, is a native of New
York, and was born in Monroe county, on the 9th of
October, 1835. His father, a man of great physical
strength and intellectual powers of a high order, an
uneducated farmer, was fond of debate, especially on
religious and political questions. His mother, be-
fore her marriage, was Sally Dibble, an excellent
woman, who died when Charles was only a few
years old. While he was a mere lad his father
moved to Kirtland, Ohio, then the Jerusalem of the
Mormons, Young as he was, he must have been a
good observer of the Saints, for his recollections of
their leading men are extensive and full of interest.
After his mother's death Charles lived for some
time with a brothei'-in-law in Huron county, Ohio.
Here he was impatient of restraint and often re-
belled against what he regarded as unjust authority.
At length, when thirteen years of age, to avoid chas-
tisement, he ran away from his brother-in-law's and
never returned. He came to the west. Up to this
date his educational advantages had been limited
and not well improved. He now awoke to a new
life and a new ambition, attended an academy a few
months at Waukegan, Illinois, studying only the
common English branches; in November, 1854,
moved to Allamakee county, Iowa, and taught a
district school the next winter on Yellow river; re-
turned to Illinois in August, 1855, and afterward
attended school at the academy before mentioned
for a few months. Subsequently, while working on
a farm near Waukegan about a year, he improved

his leisure hours studying law books borrowed from
lawyers in town. In March, i860, he returned to
Allamakee county, Iowa, read law with Hatch and
Wilber, of Waukon, and was admitted to the bar
near the close of the same year. It was in this
office, as he states, that he received that substantial
encouragement and aid which mark the time as an
epoch in his life, and his preceptors as true bene-
factors and friends. Before commencing practice
he went to Mitchell, Mitchell county, and com-
menced teaching ; was elected county superintend-
ent of schools in 1861, and in August of the next
year resigned that office to go into the Union army.
He entered as captain of company K, 27 th regiment
Iowa infantry; as a soldier, was very popular; ex-
celled in his knowledge of the duties of any position
he was called to fill ; often acted as judge advocate
in cases of court-martial and as assistant adjutant-
general, and served until the close of the war.

Returning from the south, Mr. Granger commenced
practice as a partner of L. O. Hatch, Esq., at Wau-
kon, on the ist of January, 1866. Three years later,
on the I St of January, he was appointed district attor-
ney of the tenth judicial district to fill a vacancy
made by the resignation of Mr. Hatch; at the gen-
eral election in 1869 was elected to fill out the un-
expired term, and at the general election the follow-
ing year was elected for a full term of four years.
When this term had half expired, being now well
known throughout the district, he was elected judge
of the tenth circuit.

In 1874, much against his tastes and inclinations.



Judge Granger was nominated by the republicans
of the third district as their candidate for congress,
but for the want of personal effort on his part he
was defeated by the Hon. L. L. Ainsworth, the
latter receiving a majority of sixty-three votes.
Two years later he was reinstated on the bench of
the tenth circuit without party opposition, and still
wears the ermine.

Judge Granger has been twice married : the first
time, at the age of twenty, to Miss Sarah H. War-
ner, of Antioch, Lake county, Illinois. She died
without issue on the 2d of June, 1862, two months
before he went into the array. His present-wife was
Anna J. Maxwell, of Waukon, an estimable lady,
with whom he was united on the 15th of April, 1868.
They have two small children, a daughter and a son.

The career of Judge Granger, considering the
discouragements of its humble beginning, has been
remarkable. When he was first appointed district
attorney his experience as a lawyer had been con-
fined to office work. He had never tried more than
one case in a court of record, and that a case of
trifling importance. His success, therefore, as dis-
trict attorney, was a surprise alike to himself and
his friends. From the beginning his familiarity with

legal principles, his common sense in their applica-
tion to the case in hand, his skill in drawing the
truth from witnesses, and his clear, fair and convinc-
ing style of argument, attracted at once the atten-
tion of the bar and the people ; and, notwithstand-
ing his want of experience, he was soon marked as
most suitable material for the bench. The judgment
of the people in this respect was correct. As a
judge, he merits and receives great praise. His
court is a model of dignity and propriety. On the
bench he neither talks too much nor too little. He
treats all members of the bar with uniform kind-
ness and courtesy, and at the same time insists on
the respect due to his position. Nothing escapes
his attention in the court-room. Every word of
evidence that goes to the jury is heard and weighed
by him. His judicial decisions and opinions are
generally correct, often able, are always unquestion-
ably in harmony with a keen sense of justice. But
to say that he is an able and just judge does him
but partial justice. That singular magnanimity
which has distinguished every step of his public
career, military or civil, is most prominent and
beautiful in his private life, as a citizen, neighbor,
husband, father and friend.



AMONG the prominent men who have taken a
^ high and leading part in the manufacturing
interests of Iowa, none deserves more honorable
mention than William Renwick, prominent lumber
manufacturer. He was born in Liverpool, England,
on the 24th of June, 1829, and is the son of James
Renwick and Elizabeth nee Lockerby, both natives
of Scotland and descendants of the old Covenanters.
He received his early education in England; and
later, after the removal of his father's family to Iowa
in 1846, attended the Iowa College. In 1850 he
engaged in the grain and commission business with
his father, under the firm name of Renwick and
Son. He was the first agent of the American, and also
the United States, Express Companies in Daven-
port. In 1852, in connection with their other busi-
ness, the firm began dealing in and manufacturing
lumber, and in 1855, selling their interest in other
business, they devoted their time and capital exclu-
sively to the lumber trade. His father retiring in

1859, he conducted the business on his own account
until 1875, when the firm of Renwick, Shaw and
Crassett was formed, of which he is senior member.
Mr. Renwick has been very successful in his busi-
ness, and much of his success may be attributed to
his perseverance and energy even under adverse
circumstances. He is much interested in all enter-
prises intended to develop the resources of the city
and country.

In religious views, he is a Presbyterian, and has
been trustee of that church for a number of years.

He was raised in the democratic school of poHtics,
and adhered to the principles of that party until
1866, when his views became more liberal, and he
now supports for office the man whom he thinks
best fitted for the position, irrespective of party

He was president of the Board of Trade three
years, and is an owner in and director of the Daven-
port City Street Railway Company. He is also a

^/t-^:^^^ &-.



director in the Scott County Agricultural Society, in
whichhe is much interested, having been a member
for twenty-two years.

He has traveled extensively over the continent of
Europe, and being an observing man, has gained a
large fund of valuable- information. He possesses
much taste for the fine arts, and has recently added
some fine paintings from the masters to his choice

He was married on the 21st of March, 1855, to
Miss Cynthia Seymour, of Davenport, Iowa.

Personally, Mr. Renwick has rare qualities, and by
his upright course of life, his manly deportment and
independence of character, has made for himself an
honorable reputation. Few men have more devoted
friends than he ; none excel him in unselfish devo-
tion and unswerving fidelity to the worthy recipi-
ents of his confidence and friendship.



WHILE the lives of self-made men seldom
abound in incidents of a sensational char-
acter, there is an energy and a perseverance of char-
acter that lends to them a charm, an attractiveness
and worth that merit admiration and careful thought.
The subject of this sketch is an illustrious example
of that class of men who, by the employment of
brain and energy, have risen from obscurity to wealth
and high social position.

Mr. Graves, beginning life a poor boy, has, by his
own efforts, attained to an honorable position both
socially and in business.

He was born in Keene, New Hampshire, on the
29th of September, 1837, and is son of Caleb S. and
Eliza Graves, nSe Kingman, and on his father's side
of Welsh descent. His ancestors were early settlers
of this country and participated in the battles of the
revolution. His earlier education was gained at the
common schools of his native town. He early had
to care for and support himself

At seventeen he left home and commenced life
for himself, and securing a situation in a bank, as
clerk and correspondent, he gave the day to his
duties, and attended evening schools, and by dili-
gent study made rapid progress. In 1855 he came
west and settled at Dubuque, accepting the position
of cashier in the banking house of M. Mabley and
Co., which in 1858 was succeeded by the firm
of J. K. Graves and Co., which did a very suc-
cessful business until it was merged into a branch
of the State Bank of Iowa, of which he was vice-
president and general manager; he was also a mem-
ber of the board of control of the State Bank of
Iowa. The National State Bank succeeding this
branch, he was one of the principal organizers of it,
and for a time its vice-president. He was also

prominent in organizing the Commercial National
Bank, of which he was a large stockholder and
director. He has been identified with the Key City
Gas Works since 1859, and in i866 he built the
works which supply the city with light, and of which
he is president, director and a large stockholder.
In i868_ Mr. Graves took an active part in the
organization and construction of the Dubuque
Street Railway, of which he has been president the
greater portion of the time.

During the early days of the rebellion he was
appointed by Governor Kirkwood, of Iowa, post
quartermaster at Camp Franklin, Dubuque, with
rank of colonel, having at one time nearly six thou-
sand men in camp. In 1866 he was elected, on the-
republican ticket, mayor of Dubuque, by a large
majority over his democratic opponent, which, con-
sidering that the city was strongly democratic, speaks
well for his popularity. In 1876 Mr. Graves was
elected representative to the state legislature ; was in
1870 induced to turn his attention to the construc-
tion of a new railroad outlet from Dubuque to Chi-
cago, which road is now in successful operation sixty
miles down the river to Clinton. He is president of
the Chicago, Clinton and Dubuque Railway Com-
pany, the Chicago, Dubuque and Minnesota Rail-
way Company, and the Iowa Pacific, and has been
earnest and active in every enterprise tending to
develop the interests of Dubuque and vicinity.

He was appointed special commissioner by the
Interior Department, and twice visited New Mexico
on the duties of his mission. Has twice visited
Europe and traveled extensively over the continent
visiting points of interest.

In politics, he is a republican, and an able advo-
cate of its principles.