R. E. (R. Edward) Gosnell.

A history; British Columbia online

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induced him to retire from public life for the present, but hope that on some
future date he may see fit to allow himself to be put in nomination ^or par-
liamentary honors." This resolution was most loudly applauded and Mr.
Home may well be proud of this public acknowledgment of his able service
by his fellow citizens. Since his retirement from public life his energies have
been concentrated upon the management of his private business interests.

Mr. Home is a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, having at-
tained the thirty-second degree of the Scottish rite. He is a past master of
Cascade Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and is a member of the Grand lodge of British
Columbia, in which he has filled many offices. Among the eminent men of
the northwest whose life records form an integral part of the history of
British Columbia he is numbered and is classed with the most enterprising
and successful business men, gifted statesmen and loyal citizens.


In the field of daily activity John Teague is winning success, an unassail-
able reputation and a place among the representative business men of Victoria,
where he is known as a druggist of high ability. He is a native son of this
city, where his birth occurred on the 28th of December, 1865, and is a rep-
resentative of old English ancestry. His father, John Teague, Sr., was born
at Redmuth, Cornwall, England, and joined the rush to the Eraser river gold
excitement in 1858, where he mined on the Eraser and in the Cariboo District
with the usual miner's luck, making and losing large sums of money. In his
earlier career he had learned the business of an architect, and after his re-
moval to Victoria followed that occupation in connection with contracting
and building, having erected the Driard hotel and Jubilee hospital, and also
many of the finest residences and business buildings in the city. He also
took an active part in municipal affairs, and was the choice of his fellow
citizens for the position of alderman, while for two terms he served as mayor
of the city. Mr. Teague chose for his wife Miss Emily Abingfton, who was
born in South Africa, and was the daughter of S. H. Abington, a native of
England and interested in missionary work in Africa. In their family were
six children, four of whom are living, as follows : Mrs. J. G. Brown, Emily,
Albert and John. All were born in Victoria, and here they still make their
home, being numbered among the city's most respected residents.


M I' I

II V I I', li

', U t' 'i I J /


John Teagiie, whose name introduces this review, received his Hterary
education and learned the druggist's trade in this his native city, and in
1886 first entered the business world for himself, opening his store on Yates
street. In 1898 he removed to his present location, No. 27 Johnson street.
His success has been marked and immediate, for he soon secured a liberal
patronage, which has increased with the passing years, and he now enjoys
not only a remunerative trade, but also the good will of his fellow citizens.
In political matters he holds to the views of the Liberals and religiously is a
member of the Church of England.


Mark Bate is one of the oldest living pioneers of British Columbia, and
the city of Nanaimo holds him in especial esteem, since he has been a resident
there for nearly fifty years — in fact he was there before anything like a town
existed. His career throughout has been one of intense industry and per-
sistent activity in whatever channels chance or purpose has directed his ener-
gies. He possessed only knowledge of a trade and plenty of ambition as
capital when he began climbing the road to success, but, judging from his
present prosperity and high place in the esteem of his fellow men, those quali-
fications were ample prerequisites for what he sought in life.

A native of Birmingham, Warwickshire, England, and a son of Thomas
and Elizabeth (Robinson) Bate, Mr. Bate enjoyed early educational oppor-
tunities in the Dudley grammar and other schools, and then entered the serv-
ice of Bramah, Cochrane & Company at the Woodside Iron Works, with
which his father had also been connected. While thus employed a letter writ-
ten by his uncle, George Robinson, reached him, in which was a glowing and
enthusiastic description of the wonderful gold country on the Eraser river in
British Columbia, and for a young man of energy and athirst for adventure
this was all that was needed to lure him forth from the quiet and serenity
of home surroundings, and accordingly in 1856 he set out to join his uncle,
who, as manager of the Hudson's Bay Company's coal mines at Nanaimo,
had already partaken of the glories of the British Columbia country. His
first ten days in the province were spent in Victoria, and since that time
Nanaimo has been almost continuously his place of residence and the scene
of his activities. On his arrival he worked at engine driving and weighing
coal, and then entered the Hudson's Bay Company's office as a clerk, con-
tinuing thus until the whole Nanaimo estate was sold to the Vancouver Coal
Company. In 1863 he became the successor of James Farquhar as account-
ant of the Vancouver Coal Mining & Land Company, Limited, and in 1869


was promoted to the position of local manager, remaining in that capacity
until the appointment of Mr. Robins as his successor in 1884. In 1886 he
was appointed to the office of government assessor, and now for almost twenty
years he has capably and honorably discharged the duties of this public office
of trust. He was the first mayor of iSTanaimo, serving from 1875 to 1879,
from 1 881 to 1886, from 1888 to 1889 and from 1898 to 1900, having been
elected eleven times by acclamation. In 1878, in behalf of the coal company
he gave the hospital site for the city, also the cemetery site, and aided ma-
terially the fire department and many other public and private institutions.
■He edited and partly owned in 1866 the " Nanaimo Gazette," the first paper
published at Nanaimo, and also, being a moulder, turned out at Nanaimo
the first casting in iron ever made in British Columbia.

Mr. Bate has a fine family of bright and capable sons and daughters, and
of the ten children born to himself and wife eight are still living, namely:
Emily, who is in South Africa ; Mark, Jr., who' is accountant in the Western
Fuel Company's office ; Sarah Ann, the wife of W. J. Goepel, of Nelson, Brit-
ish Columbia ; Thomas Ezra, in business in Cumberland ; George Arthur, one
of the deceased sons ; Lucy Alicia, wife of Montague Stanley Davis, of Nel-
son; Mary Beatrice is the wife of George Wadham Bruce Heathcote, who is
assistant manager of the Bank of Commerce of San Francisco; William
Charles, deceased; Elizabeth Ada, whose husband, J. H. Hawthornwaite, is
present member of the provincial parliament of Nanaimo, and John Augustus,
the youngest. Mr. Bate affiliates with Ashlar Lodge, No. 3, A. F. & A. M.,
with Black Diamond Lodge, No. 5, I. O. O. F., with the Independent Order
of Foresters and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. The Church of
England represents his religious faith.


The Hon. W. Norman Bole, local judge of the supreme court and judge
of the county court at New Westminster, is among the foremost representa-
tives of the bench and bar of British Columbia, and has the distinction of
being the longest established legal practitioner on the mainland of British
Columbia. He was noted for the success which he won in important crim,-
in'al cases as counsel for the defense, especially as in many instances the fore-
most legal talent of the province was arrayed against him. On the bench
his record has been one of unimpeachable integrity, judicial impartiality and
fearlessness. He has been a factor in civic affairs generally, and in many
ways his energies have been devoted towards assisting in the progress and
development of the province.


In ancestry and family Judge Bole has some of the advantages which
excellent lineage and inherited character confer. He is the eldest son of the
late John Bole, Esq., of Lakefield, Mayo, Ireland, and his wife, Elizabeth
Jane Campbell. His father was for many years deputy clerk of the Crown
and Peace, besides filling several other public offices of importance. Judge
Bole is a descendant of an old Surrey family who came over with the Con-
queror and settled in Ireland as early as 1520. On the maternal side a branch
of the Campbell clan settled in the north of Ireland under James the First.
One of the Bole family was Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of all Ire-
land during the reign of King Edward the Second, and the same office was
held by the Right Reverend Christopher Hampton, a maternal ancestor, dur-
ing the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Another ancestor was a captain in the
army of William the Third and fought at the Boyne.

Judge Bole was born December 6, 1845, ^^ Castlebar, and was educated
partly by private tuition and partly in a public school. He passed his final
examination and was admitted January, 1873. ^^^ ^ ^^^^ he had a suc-
cessful practice in his native country, and then moved to the United States
and from there to Canada, spending some time in Quebec. In 1877 he came
to New Westminster, and in the May assizes of that year was admitted to
the British Columbia bar, and at once took up active practice. He had the
honor of being the first lawyer to locate permanently on the mainland. During
the assizes of that first year he successfully defended nearly every prisoner on
trial and his practice grew rapidly from that time on. He was appointed
judge of the county court in September, 1889, for the district of New West-
minster, which then included the city of Vancouver, and local judge of the
supreme court in 1891, with special powers in 1892. He became a Queen's
counsel in May, 1887. I" 1886 he contested the city for the local legislature
at the general election as opposition candidate, and defeated the government
candidate by a majority of six to one.

Only brief mention can be made of some of the important legal trials in
which Judge Bole has taken part. He, with the late Hon. A. E. B. Davie,
Q. C, as associate, defended the celebrated cause known as the Scotty trial,
wherein James Halliday was charged with the murder of Tom Poole, and
after a third trial and a continuous hearing of nearly a month the prisoner
was acquitted amid a scene of wild rejoicing and jubilation. He also de-
fended McLean Brothers, charged with the murder of Mr. Ussher, govern-
ment agent at Kamloops, and after the first trial got the verdict and sentence
set aside on legal points, but at the second trial the prisoners were convicted
on overwhelming evidence. Since his elevation to the bench Judge Bole


has tried several important cases, notably that of the Crown versus Lobb, in
which the defendant was charged with the murder of his wife. The late
Chief Justice McColl acted for the Crown and Mr. E. P. Davis, K. C, for
the accused. After a trial lasting a week, during which a very large number
of important legal points were discussed, the prisoner was acquited of the
charge. In Sq^tember, 1894, Judge Bole heard the Telford case, in which
a doctor was charged with manslaughter. This was the first time in Canada
that a prisoner was tried for manslaughter by a judge sitting alone without
a jury. After a trial lasting four days a written judgment of acquittal was
rendered, which met with general approval outside the range of his profes-
sional and judicial duties.

Judge Bole, who is a man of energy and varied interests, has devoted
himself with zest to many other lines of activity. For ten years he was
president of the New Westminster Rifle Association, and he is now president
of the New Westminster Gun Club. He was chairman of the Hastings
Sawmill company, president of the Royal Columbian Hospital, president of
the Board of Trade and several other organizations and bencher of the Law
Society. He was a lieutenant in the Seymour Field Battery of Artillery for
many years, and served as captain of No. i Battery, British Columbia Brigade
of Artillery, from 1884 to 1887. He has been a director and one of the build-
ers of the New Westminster and Southern Railway Company, and was solic-
itor for the Bank of British Columbia from its establishment in New West-
minster until his elevation to the bench. When the Diamond Jubilee of the
late Queen Victoria was held in 1897 Judge Bole was selected to deliver the
oration at New Westminster, and he then addressed an assemblage of five
thousand people in the open air at Queen's Park, and his eulogy on the be-
loved Sovereign and her reign was commented upon as one of the most elo-
quent and impressive tributes ever listened to by a provincial audience. The
judge has been an export yachtsman and oarsman, as also a crack shot with
gun, rifle and pistol. He is a zealous Free Mason and a lay delegate of
the Anglican synod of New Westminster.

On February 26, 1881, Judge Bole married Florence Blanchard, only
daughter of Major John Haning Coulthard, justice of the peace for British
Columbia. Two children have blessed this union : John Percy Hampton
Bole, now a student at law, formerly a cadet in the Royal Military College,
Kingston, and Garnet Seymour, who died in 1895. Judge and Mrs. Bole
have a delightful residence in New Westminster, and they enjoy the high
esteem of a very wide circle of friends.



Edward Hewetson Heaps, of the firm of E. H. Heaps & Company, is
occupying a leading position as a lumber manufacturer of the province of
British Columbia, being at the head of one of the enterprises that have in
large measure contributed to the upbuilding, substantial growth and com-
mercial advancement of the province.

Mr. Heaps was born in Yorkshire, England, on the 26th of March, 1851.
His father, Thomas Heaps, also of Yorkshire, was an architect and builder,
a devoted adherent of the Methodist church, and for fifty years a local
preacher. He lived to the age of eighty, and left behind him an example
for sterling integrity, rigid uprightness and undeviating adherence to all
that was pure and true. He was survived by his beloved wife for three
years. There were five children of the marriage, all today occupying posi-
tions of respect and influence.

Edward H. Heaps, the subject of this sketch, was the youngest of his
father's family. He was educated at the Egremont Academy, conducted by
the Rev. Robert Love, and upon completion of his studies was apprenticed
to the firm of Stead Brothers, cotton brokers, of Liverpool, with whom he
remained seven years. By steady and unremitting application to his duties
he earned the respect and confidence of his employers. The firm would will-
ingly have retained his services and promotion was offered, but Mr. Heaps
had decided to seek his fortunes in the new world. He remained in America
for three years, learning the ways of the country, and engaging variously in
farming, store keeping, and lumbering. At the end of this period he returned
to England, when his marriage to Miss Anna Robinson, of Manchester, took
place. For eleven years thereafter he resided in Manchester, carrying on a
profitable business in the manufacture of cotton goods, a natural development
of his seven years' experience in the cotton trade.

His health failing, and there now being a growing family of children
with futures to provide for, Mr. Heaps again decided to try fortune in the
new world. Accordingly, in 1886, the family left England for America.
Three years were spent in the eastern states and Canada, but believing that
the great northwest offered still further business opportunities, Mr. Heaps
in 1889 brought his family to British Columbia. , In this province the lum-
ber industry, with its wonderful future, attracted Mr. Heaps' attention. He
built a sawmill, sash, door and furniture factory on False Creek. This busi-
ness was turned into a stock company, and eventually the plant was de-
stroyed by fire. Mr. Heaps, however, had previously established a machin-


ery and mill supply business, under the style of E. H. Heaps and Company.
In the course of this business he again became interested in the manufacture
of lumber and shingles. The business grew rapidly, and in the year 1896
Mr. William Sulley became a member of the firm. The business has since
kept pace with the growth of the city and western Canada, and is now one
of the largest concerns of the kind in the province. The company operate
twx) large plants, viz : Cedar Cove Mills in Vancouver, including a modern
sawmill with a capacity of 100,000 feet per day, large sash and door factory,
planing mill, box factory, and the second largest shingle mill in the province,
also well equipped blacksmith and machine shops; and Ruskin Mills on the
Fraser river at the mouth of Stave river, where the firm owns the town site,
and operates saw, shingle and planing mills, general store, etc. Shipments
are made to the eastern and middle states, to all parts of Canada, and to
foreign markets. Employment is furnished to between five and six hundred
men. Mr. Heaps devotes his whole attention to the business, which is con-
ducted u^xju modern lines, in keeping with the progressive ideas of the day.
His four sons, Edward Moore, James Wilson, John and Arthur Robinson,
are all engaged with their father in the business. There are besides three
daughters, Kate Eden, Constance Anna, and Elsie Frankland. The family
occupy a beautiful home at Cedar Cove, the thriving little suburb which has
sprung intO' existence as a result of the development of industry at this point.
They are connected with the Church of England, and take an active part in
the furtherance of the affairs of All Saints' church at Cedar Cove. Mr.
Heaps has many friends. His honorable business methods, his unremitting
diligence, his intellectual strength and individuality have won him well de-
served success, respect and esteem.


James Andrew Douglas, capitalist and a prominent young business man
of Victoria, was born in this city on the 20th of February, 1878. His an-
cestry, honorable and distinguished, have aided in shaping the history of
the province. His grandfather, Sir James Douglas, was the first governor
of the province and a citizen of great worth, leaving the impress of his indi-
viduality, his superior talents and public-spirited citizenship upon the annals
of the northwest. His son, James William Douglas, was born in Victoria
on the ist of June. 185 1, and died at the comparatively early age of thirty-
two years, passing away November 7, 1883. He had been educated in Eng-
land and had studied for the bar. - He had inherited a very large estate
from his father, which became the property of his widow and two sons. He



/ ;-


had married Mary Rachel EHiot, a daughter of the Hon. A. C. ElHot, who
was premier of the province. Their younger son, John Douglas, is now pur-
suing a college course, preparatory to becoming a member of the medical

James A. Douglas, the elder son and consequent heir to the estate, not
only inherited large property interests, but also has in his possession many
cherished heirlooms, including the dress sword and hat of his distinguished
grandsire. The latter, adorned with a long white plume, he keeps with the
utmost care in a glass case.

Mr. Douglas received a liberal education in leading institutions of
learning in England, and has increased his general information by travel,
having journeyed around, the world. 'He is now devoting his entire atten-
tion to the improvement and subdivision of that portion of his estate in Vic-
toria, where he and his brother have two hundred and thirty acres of land, a
part of which, in the Fairfield district, is divided into two hundred and nine-
teen residence lots. In block J there are twenty lots, in block K thirty-one
lots, each tract containing about an acre and a half and separated by broad
avenues. This property is very beautifully situated, a portion of it over-
looking the strait of Fuca, while the inland view is also one of great beauty.

On the 30th of August, 1899, Mr. Douglas was very happily married in
England to Miss Jennie Isabella Williams, a daughter of Charles Williams,
Esquire, of Portsmouth, England, a retired army officer of Irish ancestry.
The union of Mr. and Mrs. Douglas has been blessed with a son, James
Donald Douglas, born September 6, 1900. He is a very bright, active and
beautiful boy, of whom the parents have every reason to be proud. The
palatial home has been erected in a most attractive portion of the estate. It
is a large handsome bungalow which was entirely planned by Mrs. Douglas
and indicates refined and superior taste. The site on which the bungalow
stands is a somewhat rocky eminence, from which there is a beautiful view
of the valley below on one side, while on the other one overlooks the strait.
Inasmuch as possible, the natural beauty of the forest has been preserved.
The lawn sloping gently from the house is adorned with many varieties of
rare and choice shrubs and flowers. The place is called Lillooet, the Indian
word for beautiful. The home is indeed ideal, because of its natural and
artistic beauty and also because of its generous hospitality, for both Mr. and
Mrs. Douglas delight in the society of their host of friends.

Mr. Douglas is very highly regarded as a citizen, and as a business man
he displays marked enterprise and energy, devoting his attention with grati-
fying result to the control of his extensive real estate operation. In his


business transactions, while laboring for that success which is the legitimate
goal of all business endeavor, he has also promoted the upbuilding of the
city along lines of permanent beauty and substantial architectural improve-


Louis Gregory McQuade, of the well known firm of P. McQuade and
Company, ship chandlers at Victoria, is a citizen highly honored, not alone
for his substantial personal character, but also for his long connection with a
business firm which is a pioneer in Victoria and has dealt in ship-outfitting
supplies for over forty-five years.

Mr. McQuade is himself a native of the state of New York, born in
Albany, April 28, 1853. ^^^ father, Peter McQuade, who came to Victoria
on the 20th day of July, 1858, was a native of Gal way, Ireland, where he was
born in 1823. The father was educated in his native island, was married
there to Miss Bridget Fitzpatrick, a native of Dublin, and in 1856 he went to
California. He was in business in San Francisco for a year or so, and in
1858 arrived in Victoria and founded the ship chandler's establishment which
has ever since been successfully carried on either by himself or his son as
successor. Peter McQuade was a man of broad ability and generous nature,
and he took a deep interest in public affairs and was always known for his
progressive citizenship. He was a member of the Victoria Stock Company,
and also director of the Royal Hospital. He died in 1884 in his sixty-first
year, and was survived by his good wife, who passed away in 1886. They
were both devout members of the Roman Catholic church, and the son's fam-
ily also adhere to that faith. The two daughters are sisters of the Order of
St. Ann at Montreal.

Louis G. McQuade, the only surviving son, was but a child when he
came to Victoria, and this city has been the scene of his youth and adult
activity. He was educated in St. Louis College at Victoria. He was prac-
tically brought up in his father's ship chandler's business, so that he has well
prepared to assume the responsible management of it at his father's death.
This business, founded in the early year of 1858, has been excellently man-
aged throughout, and has kept pace with the growth of the city. Everything
for the complete outfitting of ships is carried in the establishment, and the
firm is well known all up and down the coast. In addition to this principal
business Mr. McQuade has for the past eight years owned a schooner which
he has employed in the sealing business.

Like his honored father, Mr. McQuade has made the city's welfare his


own, and the growth and prosperity of the city have always been regarded
with him as of equal importance with the success of his own enterprises. He

Online LibraryR. E. (R. Edward) GosnellA history; British Columbia → online text (page 30 of 79)