R. E. (R. Edward) Gosnell.

A history; British Columbia online

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the small debts act, registrar of voters, registrar of births, deaths and mar-
riages, and assessor and collector. He owns considerable residence property
at Duncans and in the district, and throughout has had a prosperous and
honorable career.

Mr. Maitland-Dougall was married in March, 1894, to Miss Winifred
McKinstry Watson, a daughter of Dr. Watson, of England. The two chil-
dren of this union are Hamish Kinnear and William McKinstry. Mr. Mait-
land-Dougall affiliates with Temple Lodge No. 33, A. F. & A. M., and his
church is the Church of England.


Charles Hayward (ex-mayor), arrived in Victoria in the spring of 1862,
at once became identified with one of the city's most important early indus-
tries, has since followed out a most successful business career, has devoted
himself to the general welfare and progress of this city, and in all the rela-
tions of a very busy life iSeen found on the side of right and reform and per-
manent civic advancement.

Mr. Hayward is an Englishman by birth, having been born in Strat-
ford, Essex, May 12, 1839, eldest son of Charles and Harriet (Tomlinson)
Hayward. His father was a merchant, and both parents were consistent
members of the Church of England. Mr. Hayward received his early educa-
tion in Salem College, Middlesex. When it became time to turn his atten-
tion to some life work he was at fourteen years of age apprenticed to the
carpenter and joiner's trade, and thoroughly prepared himself by seven years'
service under all the formalities of the old style of indenture.

In 1862 he married, and in the same year set out for the new world.
He came round by the Isthmus of Panama and arrived in San Francisco
late in April. There being no overland telegraph at that time his ship brought
to that port the latest news of the American civil war, and there were large
and excited' crowds at the wharf eager for the tidings of the conflict in the
east. From San Francisco Mr. Hayward continued his voyage via Portland


by boat to Victoria, where he arrived in May. He at once started a sash
and door factory and engaged in contracting and building, so that he was
one of the first connected with that Hne of business in this city, and in the
subsequent years he has accompHshed a great deal along that line. Imme-
diately on his location here he became interested in the city's welfare, and he
has ever since shown his confidence in the future greatness of Victoria by
investments in city property; and his own prosperity and interests have kept
pace with the city's growth.

Mr. Hayward's public career is especially notable in its place in this
history. He was elected and served three years as councilman of his city,
and on the progressive ticket was elected to the office of mayor. In that
office for three successive years he used his power and influence for many
excellent works. He actively promoted the filling up of the James Bay mud
flat and the building of the fine causeway there, an enterprise which has
borne good fruit and become one of great importance to the city. He also
gave his influence to the settlement of the bridge disaster claims without fur-
ther recourse to law, and to the rebuilding of the fine steel bridge at Point
Ellis. He also succeeded in consolidating a portion of the city debt, whereby
the rate-payers benefited to the extent of about four thousand dollars per
annum, extending over twenty years.

The school system of the city has likewise found an earnest and effective
supporter in Mr. Hayward. He served as a member and chairman of the
school board for fifteen consecutive years, and during that time several fine
school buildings were erected, a local superintendent appointed, and other
matters for the progress of education promoted. He has been president
and a member of the hospital board, is now president of the Protestant
Orphanage, Pioneer Society and Children's Aid Society. He affiliates with
the Pioneers, the Masonic fraternity, the Odd Fellows, Sons of England and
the Foresters, and for many years has been a warden and member of the
Reformed Episcopal church, and a Justice of the Peace for the province oi
British Columbia.

Mr. Hayward was married, as previously mentioned, in Westham, Essex,
England, in 1862, to Miss Sarah McChesney. She remained his faithful
helpmate and life companion for thirty-nine years, and her death in 1901
was felt as a loss not only to her immediate family but to the entire com-
munity. She had l^een one of the first teachers in the public schools of
Victoria, and was a greatly beloved woman, and drew to her many warm
and devoted friends who sincerely admired her excellent qualities of heart
and mind. There were altogether «ine children in the family, but only the


three following named are surviving, viz. : Ernest Chesny, B. A., professor
of electrical engineering; Reginald, of the firm of John Piercy & Company;
and Florence, now the wife of Walter S. Fraser.


Horatio Webb, of Chilliwhack, has been a prosperous and progressive
farmer in the Chilliwhack valley for over thirty years, and has applied his
energies to his occupation so well that he is esteemed as one of the leading
agriculturists of his vicinity. He has also manifested a public-spirited inter-
est in the affairs of his district and municipality, and in more than one enter-
prise and capacity has forwarded the welfare and general prosperity of Chilli-

Mr. Webb is a native Englishman, born at Marston, Bedfordshire,
England, April 28, 1852, his parents, John and Caroline (Fane) Webb, being
both deceased. After his educational training was completed in the Mar-
ston public school he assisted his father in farming, and remained at home
engaged in such work until he was seventeen years old. He then emigrated
to the new world, and after spending a summer in New York he came out
via the Union and Central Pacific Raihvay, on the first through train to
Oakland, California, in September^ 1869, to Chilliwhack. where he has thus
been numbered among the enterprising citizenship for thirty-five years. The
first two years he was in the employ of Johnathan Reece, and he then bought
eighty acres of land and began farming on his own account. Since then he
has owned at various times other tracts of farming land, but he now retains
only the original beautiful and productive home place, where he has a pleas-
ant home and is surrounded by comforts and conveniences such as his life-
time of energetic effort has well earned.

Besides being so active in his own private affairs, he has been a leader
in various civic movements and undertakings. He is an active member of
the Church of England, having been identified with that denomination in
Chilliwhack from the beginning, and in the early days helped to bring the
first church from Fort Douglas to Chilliwhack in canoes, a distance of sixty
miles, crossing the Douglas lake, about thirty miles wide. For nine years he
served as deputy sheriff under Sheriff Armstrong, and he has been assessor
and auditor for the municipality for three years. He is a shareholder and a
director in the Eden Bank creamery, and is a director of the New West-
minster Fair Association, and at one time was vice-president of the Victoria
Fair Association. He is a Conservative in politics. Fraternally he affiliates
with Ionic Lodge No. 19, A. F. & A. M.


Mr. Webb was married in 1875 to Miss Lucy Ada Hopkins. Mrs. Webb
was born at De Ruyter, New York, March 17, 1850, and is a member of the
noted Grant family, whose various members have for generations been fore-
most in the professional, public and industrial afifairs of this continent. Presi-
dent Grant being a member of this family, and just recently a biographical
work has l^een compiled and published, containing the complete family his-
tory in all its branches. Mr. and Mrs. Webb's seven children are as fol-
lov;s: John Frederick, Caroline Louisa, Daisy Manetta, William Horatio,
Alice Ada, Charles Wilmot and Harold Francis.


Dr. Duncan Campbell, engaged in the active practice of medicine at
Rossland, was born in Port Perry, Ontario, March 14, 1864, his parents
being Donald and Christiana (McArthur) Campbell, who are still residents
of Port Perry. He was reared under the parental roof and at the usual age
began his education as a public school student. When he had completed
the high school course in his native city he determined to study medicine, and
in Toronto University he was graduated with the class of 1884. He then
began practice in Niagara Falls, where he remained until 1897. That year
witnessed his arrival in Rossland, British Columbia, and he has since been
in active practice here.

Dr. Campbell was united in marriage in 1884 to Miss Mary Meek, a
daughter of Thomas Meek, of Toronto, and they have three children :
Merwyn, a graduate of medicine in Toronto University; Gladys and Edith.
In his political views Dr. Campbell is a Conservative and he belongs to the
Presbyterian church.


George C. Tunstall is a well known British Columbia pioneer, having
made this province the field of his industry and business activity for over
forty years. The greater part of this time has been passed in Kamloops,
where he is a highly esteemed citizen and prominent provincial official.
Having lived in the province for so many years, he has been a witness of
its entire industrial growth and development.

He was born in Montreal, Canada, December 5, 1836, a son of James
M. and Elizabeth (Woolrich) Tunstall, both of whom are deceased. In
1862 he crossed the plains to British Columbia, settling at Cariboo, and
for a number of years was engaged in mining on Williams creek. In the
fall of 1879 he went to Victoria, and in the following December was ap-


pointed to the office of government agent at Kamloops. This was the
beginning of his official and residential connection with Kamloops, and he
has thus been a citizen for a quarter of a century. In 1885 he was appointed
gold commissioner for the Similkameen district, which office he held until
the spring of 1889. He was then appointed and served for two years as
gold commissioner for West Kootenay, until his appointment as govern-
ment agent and gold commissioner at Kamloops, offices which he still ad-
ministers. He is also district registrar of the supreme court, registrar of
the county court and stipendiary magistrate.

Mr. Tunstall was married in 1865 to Miss Annie Morgan, who died
in' 1873, leaving two children, Charles Augustus and George Christie. The
family are adherents of the Church of England.


John Dean, who is engaged in the real estate and mining brokerage busi-
ness in Rossland, was born in Stretton, Cheshire, England, on the 17th of
December, 1850. His father, who was a farmer by occupation, died in the
year 1856 and his mother passed away in 1858, so that he was left an orphan
when only eight years of age. He then went to live with relatives at War-
rington, England, and subsequently went to Liverpool under the direction of
the executors of his father's estate. At Warrington he served a term of ap-
prenticeship with the firm of Gibson & Sons, contractors and builders, during
which time he gained intimate and accurate knowledge of the business. The
opportunities for advancement in the new world, however, proved very
attractive to him and on the 2d of January, 1873, he left Liverpool for To-
ronto, where he remained until May, 1876. He then attended the Centen-
nial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and following his visit there
made his way to New York City. On the 17th of February, 1877, he started
by steamer for Galveston, Texas, where he spent five years in varying peri-
ods in the principal towns of that state. In 1882 he went to England, intend-
.ing to remain, but not finding conditions favorable there for business advance-
ment he only paid a visit to his native land. He went to both London and
Paris and afterward sailed again for New York, where he arrived in April,
1883. He thence proceeded to Washington, D. C, where the summer was
spent, leaving there in December for San Francisco and stopping off at Kan-
sas City, Omaha, Salt Lake and Leadville. After a sojourn of four months
in San Francisco, Mr. Dean went to Victoria, British Columbia, and the fol-
lowing year he secured a building contract on the Canadian Pacific Railroad,
at which he worked until 1886. In that year he joined the rush for the


Granite creek placer diggings and an extract from his diary dated April 4,
1886, says : " Went to church held by Mr. Irwin, about twelve men pres-
ent. Bought twO' claims on Granite creek, sold half interest to a partner
and spent six months work and twelve hundred dollars in prospecting without
finding paying ground. Made a present of the outfit to my partner and
tramped to Hope on the Fraser river, a distance of seventy miles." The fol-
lowing decade Mr. Dean was engaged in contracting and building at Vic-
toria and also in real estate speculation, where he still owns considerable real
estate in the city, and suburbs, and where he ultimately hopes to make his
home. He came to Rossland April 26, 1896, and opened a real estate and
mining brokerage office. Since that time he has secured a good clientage
along these lines, making judicious investment both for himself and others
and negotiating many important real estate and mine transfers.

In 1900 Mr. Dean was one of Rossland's aldermen, serving as chair-
man of the board of public works. In 1903 he was elected mayor arid was
one of the mayors who met President Roosevelt in Spokane. His interest
in community is deep and sincere and his efforts in behalf of public progress
have been far-reaching and beneficial. Mr. Dean is a member of Columbia
Commandery, K. T., at Washington, D. C., and he belongs to the Indepen-
dent Order of Odd Fellows and the Encampments. A history of pioneer
experiences in the far west is familiar to him not as a matter of record but
as a matter of experience and with the substantial improvement of the coun-
try he has been closely associated, putting forth l^eneficial and far-reaching
effort to further improvement and substantial upbuilding.


Johnstone Prescott Myers Gray is identified with the local profession for
which by natural attributes and thorough preparation and research he has
proved his fitness, realizing that in this calling more than in almost any other
success depends upon the force of the indi\iduality and that as an exponent
of the law he must display in unusual degree a keenness of power of analyza-
tion and logical summarizing of the chief points in a case. Mr. Gray has
proved himself a leader in attaining the creditable position which he now holds
as a representative of the bar at Greenwood.

A native of Halifax, Nova Scotia, born on the 20th of January. 1872,
Mr. Gray is a son of W. Myers and Laliah W. (Richie) Gray, both resi-
dents of New Westminster, British Columbia. Their son was educated in
St. Stephens College in New York, and following his graduation he came
to British Columbia in 1891, being then a young man of nineteen years. He


turned his attention to engineering work and spent two years in the con-
struction of the New Westminster water works. He then studied law with
his father and was admitted to the bar in November, 1898. He removed
to Greenwood in 1899 and entered into partnership with Judge Leaney, the
present county judge, Mr. Gray has served as city soHcitor .for four years.
In addition to his practice he is interested in mining, having recognized the
opportunity for judicious investment in mining property in the province.
His poHtical views are in accord with the principles of the Conservative


John Stilwell Clute, who is engaged in the life insurance business in
Rossland, is a native son of the province, his birth having occurred in New
Westminster, March 23, 1867, his parents being J. S. and Jennie (Clarkson)
Clute, who are residents of New Westminster, the father occupying the posi-
tion of inspector of customs there at the time of this writing in the winter
of 1904-5.

John S. Clute began his education in the public schools of his native city
and progressed by successive steps until he had completed the high school
course, after which he became a student in the collegiate institute at New
Westminster. W^hen he had put aside his text books he accepted a position
in the land registry office, where he remained for a short time and was then
articled to W. Norman Bole (now judge) and H. Fiemies Clinton as a
student at law. Following careful and thorough preparation for the bar
he was admitted in 1893 and subsequently engaged in active practice with
his former preceptor Mr. Clinton until 1895 when he came to Rossland and
entered upon practice alone. He afterward formed a partnership with J. A.
Macdonald, leader of the Provincial Liberal party, and was with him until
1902. He has since been engaged in the life insurance business and has
secured a good clientage, writing many policies each year that represent a
large investment. He is now the Rossland representative for the United
States Fidelity & Guarantee Company, the Travelers Accident Company and
the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York.

In 1893 was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Clute and Miss Mary Louise
Roberton Walker, a daughter of Rev. James Walker, of Edinburgh, Scot-
land, and their attractive home in Rossland is celebrated for its gracious and
charming hospitality. Mr. Clute is very prominent in Masonic circles, is a
past master of Corinthian Lodge No. 27, A. F. & A. M., G. R. B. C. He is
also past principal of Rossland Chapter No. 122, R. A. M. ; and constable of


Rossland preceptory. No. 38. K. T. He likewise belongs to El Katif Tem-
ple of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine at
Spokane, Washington, and he is thoroughly informed concerning the tenets
and teachings of the craft, while his life in many respects is an exemplifica-
tion of its beneficent spirit. Mr. Clute is a member of Rossland lodge. Sons
of St. George; is a past master of the Ancient Order of United Workmen
at Rossland; is a charter member of Rossland Lodge No. 31, K. P. ; and past
chief ranger of the Canadian Order of Foresters. He likewise belongs to
Post No. I, of the Native Sons of British Columbia. His religious faith is
Presbyterian. In his political views Mr. Clute is a Conservative. He has
been alderman of Rossland since 1898 and served as license and police com-
missioner of the city for several terms, while in 1902 he w^as elected mayor
and discharged the duties of the position with such capability that he was re-
elected in 1904 and is therefore the present incumbent. He is a justice of
the peace for the province and has handled the reins of municipal government
in an able manner — has made a close study of conditions existing here and
has so utilized the means at hand as to make his services of direct and perma-
nent good to the city. He holds the general welfare above personal aggran-
dizement and over the record of his public career there falls no shadow of
wrong or suspicion of evil.


James W. Bland, of Derriquin, Victoria, came to British Columbia
when this was a great undeveloped district rich in its natural resources,
yet having few settlers to enjoy its benefits and develop its business possi-
bilities. He landed from the steamer Forward at Victoria on the 3rd of
February, 1859, ^"^ '^ "o^v numbered among the pioneer settlers of the
Province, who are wide and favorably known. He was born at Callao,
Peru, on the 3rd of Febitiary, 1853. His father, James Bland, was a native
of London, England, born September 17, 1829. The ancient family of
Bland came over to England with William the Conqueror from Normandy
and settled in Yorkshire. The ancient name was de Blande, and one, the
Rev. John Blande, was burned at Smithfield in 1555, from whom descends
John Bland of Sedbergh, Yorkshire, who was father of the Rev. James
Bland, M. A., vicar of Killarney, archdeacon of Aghadoe and dean of
Ardfert, admitted to St. John's College, Cambridge, in May, 1684; married
Lucy, daughter of Sir Francis Brewster, Kt., of Westminster, Lord Mayor
of Dublin, and Arabella Herbert, his wife, and granddaughter of Edward
Herbert, Esq., of Muckross (son of Thomas Herbert and Mary Kenny of


Killinagh, county Kerry), and Agnes Crosbie, daughter of Patrick Crosbie,
of Tubrid, and had issue. His second son, Nathaniel Bland, LL. D., judge
of the prerogative court of Dublin and vicar general of the diocese of Ard-
fert and Aghadoe, married first Diana, only daughter of Nicholas Kenieys,
Esq., and had issue, first, George Bland, second, John Bland, who married
Miss Grace Phillips, whose daughter became known as Mrs. Jordan, the
celebrated actress, third. Rev. James Bland of Derriquin Castle, county
Kerry, Ireland, and vicar of Ballyheigh, who married first Elizabeth, daugh-
ter of Christopher Julian, and secondly, Barbara, daughter of Nash,

Esq., and by the former had issue only. His second son, James Bland,
married Miss Anna Mahoney of Killarney in 1806, and left Ireland and
went to London, England, in 18 12, and had with other issue an only son
James Bland, bom in 1829, and married July i, 1850, Miss Elizabeth Ever-
son, daughter of Joseph Everson, Esq., of London, and had issue.

The father of our subject was educated in England and served in the
Royal Navy until 1850, when he went to Callao, Peru, where he was en-
gaged in business until he removed to Victoria in 1859. He was a marine
engineer and served in that capacity on the famous steamer Beaver, on the
Maude and on the Otter. He died on the 17th of March, 1894, at the age
of sixty-four years and six months. His wife, who shared with him in the
experience of pioneer life of this section of the country, is now in her seventy-
fifth year, her birth having occurred on the 12th of January, 1830. This
worthy couple were the parents of ten children, of whom six are now living,
all being residents of British Columbia, namely, Henry Joseph, John, James,
Joseph, Elizabeth, who is now the wife of P. R. Smith, and Frederick

James William Bland pursued his education at the Jessop school in
Victoria and has led a very active life. In 1889 he was appointed usher
of the supreme court of the province of British Columbia and is filling that
position at this writing.

In 1875 ^i^- Bland was married to Miss Hannah Elizabeth Clunk, a
native of London, England, and the eldest daughter of William Thomas
Clunk. Two children have been born unto them: James Allan, whose
birth occurred June 6, 1876; and William Henry, born September 10, 1877.
The elder son is a clerk in the office of the Law Society of British Columbia,
while the younger son is a druggist. Both are young men of good business
ability and much prominence and are still living at home with their parents.
They take great pleasure in devoting their leisure hours to beautify the
grounds around the family residence. James A. is particularly interested


in the growing of prize flowers, and his sweet peas have won all the first
prizes at the shows held in Victoria and Vancouver for the past three years,
and' the sweet pea vines have attained the remarkable height of fourteen
feet. These young men are of the ninth generation of the Blands whose
history is a matter of authentic record. In England and in Ireland the
family has been represented in the nobility.* The Blands of the United
States are also descended from the same ancestry, and the United States
senator of that name, the distinguished champion of free silver, is of the
same stock.

James W. Bland is a member of the Ancient Order of United Work-
men, and for over twenty years he was a member of the Victoria volunteer
fire department, belonging to Deluge Company No. i, and to Hook and
Ladder Company No. i. A resident of Victoria from his early boyhood
days he has witnessed much of its development.


William Wadds, who is filling the position of postmaster at Rossland,
to which he was appointed in October, 1895, having been the incumbent since
that time, was born in the north of Ireland, January 22, 1867, his parents
being George and Margaret (Bell) Wadds, both of whom have passed away.
William Wadds left Ireland when ten years of age and crossed the Atlantic

Online LibraryR. E. (R. Edward) GosnellA history; British Columbia → online text (page 41 of 79)