R. E. (R. Edward) Gosnell.

A history; British Columbia online

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ity College School, Port Hope, Ontario, while his legal training was received
in the offices of Eberts & Taylor and Charles Wilson, and he was admitted
to the bar in 1891. He is now a member of the firm of Barnard & Rogers.
In politics he has also served well his part, and in 1902 was elected for the
ofifice of alderman, to which he was re-elected in 1903, while in the follow-
ing year, 1904, he was made the mayor of Victoria. He is now giving the
closest attention to the duties of his office, doing all in his power to advance
the interests of the city in which he has so long made his homie, and both
as a professional man and public official he is highly esteemed by his hosts
of friends.

In the year 1895 Mr. Barnard was united in marriage to Miss Ethel
B. Rogers, the daughter of Colonel H. C. Rogers. Mr. and Mrs. Barnard
are members of the Church of England.


John Stewart, a prominent real estate man of Ladysmith, has devoted
nearly all his life to finance and business, and has had a steady, consistent
and honorable rise from a humble position in a local bank in his native city
through various grades of responsibility, and only recently gave up the
active management of banking affairs in order to engage in his present busi-

A son of John and Isabella (McKenzie) Stewart, both of whom are
deceased, Mr. Stewart was born in Glasgow, Scotland, October 29, 1864,
and his early education was completed at Hamilton Academy, Hamilton,
Scotland. As soon as he left school he entered the Royal Bank of Scotland,
and was associated with this institution for ten years, being five years in
Glasgow and five years in London. He then came out to the Dominion
to enter the employ of the Bank of British Columbia, and continued with

V 1 \'. >'


that great banking house for a number of years, being stationed success-
ively at Vancouver. Nelson, Victoria and in Nanaimo, for varying periods
of time. It was for the purix)se of taking charge of a branch of the insti-
tution that he came to Ladysmith, where he remained a year and a half
in that capacity, until the branch bank was amalgamated with the Canadian
Bank of Commerce. Since then he has opened a real estate, insurance and
mining office at Ladysmith, and is conducting these various lines of busi-
ness with much success. He is also prominent in town and community af-
fairs, being a notary public, justice of the peace, clerk of the municipal coun-
cil and president of the board of trade.

Mr. Stewart was married in 1893 to Miss Elizabeth Durham Clarke,
a daughter of the late Rev. R. H. Clarke, of Clones, county Monahan, Ire-
land. Their two children are John Holmes Kennedy and Aileen. Mr.
Stewart is a member of St. Johns Lodge No. 21, A. F. & A. M. In politics
he is a Conservative, and is a Presbyterian in church affiliation.


Vancouver, the city marvelous of the Pacific coast country, claims
George Frederick Baldwin among its residents. He belongs to the little
group of distinctively representative men who have been the pioneers in in-
augurating and building up the interests and industries of this section of
the country. He early had the sagacity and prescience to discern the emi-
nence which the future had in store for this great and growing country and
acting in accordance with the dictates of his faith and judgment he allied his
interests with the new city and throughout the whole of its existence has
served as its treasurer, assessment commissioner and tax collector. More-
over, his continuance in office stands as incontrovertible evidence of his ability
and the confidence reposed in him by his fellow townsmen.

Mr. Baldwin was born in New Brunswick, January 10, 1850, and is of
English and Irish descent. His father, Thomas Baldwin, was born in
England and married Miss Jane Acheson, a native of Ireland. They emi-
grated to New Brunswick and there George F. Baldwin was born. His
education, however, was acquired in Woodstock College in Ontario, and he
entered the field of active business life as a school teacher, following that
profession in Ontario and in Manitoba. Recognizing that " westward the
star of empire takes its way," and that the rapid growth of the Pacific coast
country was offering splendid business opportunities he went to Victoria,
British Columbia, in 1884. There he served on the staff of the Times as a
reporter for about a year and then came to Vancouver just prior to the in-


corporation and naming of the town, believing that this city was to be the
great business center of British Columbia. He made his way here and in
April, 1886, he was elected the first treasurer of the new city and has since
filled that oflfice in a manner creditable to himself and highly satisfactory to
his fellow townsmen. He was also elected a member of the first school board
of the city and served in that office for seven years, doing all in his power
for the establishment of an educational system that would be of great benefit
to the younger generation here. In every public office that he has filled he
has discharged his duties with promptness and fidelity. The taxes collected
by him the first year amounted to twenty-three thousand eight hundred dollars,
and the gitDwth of the city is indicated by the fact that the annual tax receipts
of the present time are three hundred and eighty-five thousand two hundred
dollars. There is no city east or west that has made such astonishing growth
as Vancouver, its population increasing in twenty years from about six
hundred to forty thousand. There is no modern improvement of an eastern
metropolis that cannot be found here and the splendid work of development
has been carried forward by such men as Mr. Baldwin — men who have con-
centrated their energies in making this one of the leading cities of the Pacific
coast country.


While it is impossible to determine what would have been the fate of
Nelson and the Kootenay district had not Thomas G. Procter established
his home within the borders of this locality, the history of the district plainly
indicates the value of his labors and their far-reaching effects. The term
promoter is comparatively a modern one of the English language, having
come as the result of business conditions and it is a term entirely applicable
to Mr. Procter, who, possessing keen discrimination, has rapidly noticed the
opportunities of the northwest and has. utilized these in promoting his in-
dividual success as well as in advancing the public progress. His efforts have
had direct effect upon the substantial upbuilding and consecutive advance-
ment of his community and looking beyond the exigencies of the moment to
the possibilities of the future he has wrought along lines that have benefited
present generations and will prove most helpful for years to come.

Mr. Procter was born in Lancashire, England, September 12, 1862, his
parents being Gilbert and Mary (Gorton) Procter, both deceased. He ac-
quired his early education in the public schools of his native county .ind when
fourteen years of age went to sea, spending two years upon a training ship.
While thus occupied he won the queen's medal. He remained at sea for


three years and was in the naval reserve as midshipman. In 1881 he crossed
the Atlantic to the United States and for some time was engaged in the
cattle business in the middle portion of that country.

In 1 89 1 Mr. Procter arrived in British Columbia, where he turned his
attention to mining and prospecting. A short time convinced him of the
excellent future which was in store for the country because of its superior
natural advantages and business possibilities. He then purchased land and
established the first fruit farm of the country. He was also the founder of
the town of Procter, which is now owned by him and by the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company as a town site. He built the hotel there and the place has
become a popular summer resort. Since 1894 Mr. Procter has been the
manager of the Kootenay Valleys Company, originally owning thirty thou-
sand acres of land, and through the control of real estate interests has con-
tributed in large measure to the settlement of various districts. He was
also manager of the York & Lancaster syndicate which purchased the Alice
mine. This property is now leased and a tramway and concentrator have
been built at a cost of seventy-five thousand dollars. Mr. Procter is con-
ducting a general real estate, mining and insurance business and is heavily
interested in mining in his own country. He is a director in the Common-
wealth mines and he opened up the Blairmore country coal mines, selling that
property for one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars. These mines
have an eight foot vein of coal and there are thirteen different shafts.

In 1888 Mr. Procter was united in marriage to Miss Beatrice Arrow-
smith, a native of Lancashire, England. He belongs to Newlson lodge,
No. 23, A. F. & A. M., and also holds membership with the Sons of England.
His has been an extremely busy, useful and active life. Starting out for
himself at the early age of fourteen years he has without the assistance of
influential friends or adventitious circumstances gradually worked his way
upward to a position of prominence and prosperity. His has been an event-
ful career and he has intimate knowledge of many of- the important move-
ments which have shaped the policy, promoted the upbuilding and formulated
the history of the Kootenay district. His influence has ever been a factor for
good and his name is deeply inscribed in the keystone of the arch of its
honored pioneers.

J. M. LAY.

J. M. Lay, a prominent representative of financial interests in Nelson,
was born in London, England, in 1869, and came to Canada in 1887, being
at that time about eighteen years of age. In 1889 he entered the service of


the Imperial Bank of Canada at Gait. In 1891 he went to Calgary, re-
maining in the employ of the Imperial Bank of Canada at that place and
afterwards at Edmonton. In November, 1898, he arrived iri Nelson, British
Columbia, to open the branch establishment of the Imperial Bank of Canada
in this city. He has since been in charge and has been able to see the busi-
ness of the institution grow yearly. He is a young man of marked enter-
prise and business capacity, and is now serving his second term as president
of the Nelson Board of Trade. Mr. Lay is married but has no children.
His life is characterized by the progressive and enterprising spirit which has
been the dominant factor in the rapid and substantial development of. the
northwest and he is recognized as one of the leading men of the Kootenay


William Christie is local manager for the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company's Telegraph at Victoria, which position he has occupied for some
thirteen years. • He has been a resident of Victoria and connected with the
telegraph service for the past twenty years. Mr. Christie is a native of Nova
Scotia, and was born in Pictou, February 5, 1863. His ancestry is Scotch,
and his father, Rev. James Christie, was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, was
educated at Aberdeen University and was ordained to the Presbyterian min-
istry. He then being a young man and of high capabilities, emigrated to
Nova Scotia, where he engaged in ministerial and educational pursuits in
various portions of the province. He married Isabel Crichton, a native of
Pictou. Her father, Peter Crichton, was a pioneer settler of that part of
Nova Scotia, was a well known shipbuilder and ship owner, and a prominent
man in his day. One of Mr. Christie's sisters, Mrs. J. W. Creighton, now
resides in New Westminster, another, Mrs. W. A. McGuire, at Ben
Lomond, California, and two, Mrs. A. S. Innes and Miss Caroline Christie,
also a younger brother, James Douglas, reside in Victoria. The family
came to British Columbia in 1883. Rev. James Christie died February 12,
1902, and his wife followed him to the grave on March 15, 1903.

Mr. Christie himself was educated in Nova Scotia. At the age of
seventeen he began learning telegraphy in the office of the old Dominion
Telegraph Company, at Truro, Nova Scotia, and he was later in the employ of
the Western Union Telegraph Company at various Nova Scotia points. In
1882 he went to Texas, and for a short period turned his attention to sheep-
raising. He afterward held positions as telegraph operator in various Texas
cities,' including San Antonio and Galveston. He came to Victoria in 188 J


and for the next seven years filled the positions of day or night operator.
On September i, 1891, he was promoted to the management of the office
in Victoria, the position which he is now filling.

In 1889 Mr. Christie was married to Miss Annie Sinclair Holmes, who
was also born in Pictou county, Nova Scotia, and died July 24, 1904. Her
father, Donald Allen Holmes, was descended from a well known Nova Scotia
family. Mr. Christie is a member of the Victoria Board of Trade, being on
the auditing committee. He has fraternal affiliations with the Independent
Order of Odd Fellows.


Thomas Kiddie, manager of the Tyee Copper company at Ladysmith.
has been engaged in the work of theoretical and practical metallurgy and
similar branches throughout his life, from the time of boyhood, and has
made a substantial and honorable career in the industry, gaining the rewards
and material position which are the results of such an application of useful
energy and scientific skill.

Born in North Shields. England,, December 20, 1855, a son of John
and Margaret (Martin) Kiddie, both deceased, Mr. Kiddie was educated in
the public and private schools of his locality, and at an early age became
introduced to the serious occupations of life as an apprentice to a drug busi-
ness. Serving three years at that, he then entered the Bede Metal and Chem-
ical Company, at Jarrow-on-Tyne. During his ten years' employment with
this company he attended science classes at Elswick Mechanics Institute, and
then, passing the government examinations, was from 1879 to 1882 in-
structor in chemistry and metallurgy in the Science and Art school at New-
castle-on-Tyne and at Jarrow Mechanics Institute. In the meantime he at-
tended lectures on iron manufacture, and still has in his possession a bronze
medal which he received in recognition for writing a paper on iron manu-

In 1882 Mr. Kiddie came to the United States as chemist for the Or-
ford Copper and Nickel Company of Bergen Point, New Jersey, where he
remained for six years. In 1888 he became superintendent of Senator Will-
iam A. Clark's smelter at San Pedro, New Mexico, and two years later went
to Park county, Colorado, and assumed the management of the London
mine. In the fall of 1893 the Orford Copper Company engaged him to go to
Europe as expert metallurgist in the trial of some nickel patent cases, and
after that work was completed he continued in the employ of the company,
engaged in the refining of copper and nickel until 1898. This year is the


date of his coming to British Columbia, at which time he built a smelter
for the Van Anda Copper Company at Van Anda, Texada island. In 1900
he was appointed manager of the mines and smelter of this company, and
held the position until the works were closed down in 1902. He then de-
signed and built the smelter at Ladysmith for the Tyee Copper Company,
and has since retained the responsible position of manager of this concern,
whicli under his direction has become such an important factor in the indus-
trial activity of Ladysmith. Mr. Kiddie is the patentee of a process for the
separation of arsenic, bismuth, etc., from copper solutions. In 1903 he pat-
ented a design for a gravity discharge boat for the carrying and automatic
discharging of the cargo, adapted for the carrying of ores, coal and other
loose or bulk materials, in which the shoveling is entirely eliminated. He
is also author of what is known in the copper trade as the combination
method for the estimation of silver and gold in copper mattes, bullion, etc.,
the method being based on the extreme insolubility of chloride of silver in
sulphate solutions. This method and the method by scorification being the
standard methods as recommended by Dr. Ledoux, of New York.

Mr. Kiddie stands high in his profession, as may be inferred from the
fact that he is president of the British Columbia Institute of Assayers and
is one of the provincial board of examiners for assayers. He affiliates with
Beacon Light Lodge, A. F. & A. M., at New Brighton, New Jersey; is a
member of the Presbyterian church, and in politics is independent.

Mr. Kiddie was married in 1880 to Miss Hannah E. Hogg, a daughter
of George Hogg, of North Shields, England. They have two sons who
already in young manhood have given great promise of future usefulness.
John has recently graduated as a civil engineer from Cornell University,
New York state, and his career will be along that line. The son George is
on the artists' staff of the San Francisco Examiner.


A little thoughtful consideration of the career of John August Erickson,
proprietor of the Grand Central Hotel at Nelson, brings one to the conclusion
that he has in most of his business operations been impelled by the spirit of
the pioneer. He has sought out new plans and conditions likely to favor his
projects and after he has made them available and profitable he has sought
out still others and after those others. The wisdom of his selection has
been proven by the success which has crowned his efforts. In the conduct
of his hotel he seems " to the manner born," having a comprehensive grasp


of the hotel business and an intimate knowledge of all the details of good
hotel keeping.

Mr. Erickson was born in Sweden, February 27, 1870, and his parents,
Erick Anderson and Margarita (Johnson) Anderson, are yet residents of
Stockholm. He attended the public schools in the land of his nativity and
afterward worked upon the home farm until 1888, when desirous of bettering
his financial condition by the utilization of business opportunities of the new
world he made his way to the United States, where he was engaged in rail-
roading. The year 1892 witnessed his arrival in British Columbia, and he was
employed on Columbia river steamboats until the summer of 1895, when he
embarked in the hotel business at Kaslo, conducting a hostelry there until
1897. He afterward built a hotel at Slocan City and later one at Kootenay
Landing. On selling the last mentioned he came to Nelson and purchased an
interest in the Lakeview Hotel, while in 1891 he purchased the Grand Central
Hotel, which he is now conducting. This is a three story structure, fifty by
one hundred feet, and contains forty rooms. He and his partner own the
land and the buildings and have also conducted the Lakeview Hotel.

On the ist of June, 1904, Mr. Erickson was united in marriage to Miss
Maggie Newman, a native of New Zealand. He is deputy grand chancellor
commander of the Knights of Pythias and is treasurer of the Fraternal Order
of Eagles, while his religious faith is indicated by his membership in the
Methodist church. His has been an active, useful and honorable career.
The subject of this review is a self-made man, who, without any extraordin-
ary family or pecuniary advantages at the commencement of life, has battled
earnestly and energetically, and by indomitable courage and integrity has
achieved both character and fortune. By sheer force of will and untiring ef-
fort he has worked his way upward and is numbered among the leading busi-
ness men of British Columbia.


Frank Henry Price, a well known hotel proprietor in the Cowichan dis-
trict, has also been successfully engaged in other enterprises during his resi-
dence in British Columbia, and has long been considered among the prom-
inent men of affairs of his community. Mr. Price is a man of thorough in-
tegrity, of excellent executive ability, and has a high degree of public spirit
which makes him a valuable factor in the material welfare and progress of
his town and district.

Mr. Price is a native of Gloucestershire, England, where he was born
March 13, 1866. He came out to the Dominion in 1880, and in Toronto,


Canada, and in Manitoba followed various occupations for several years.
In 1885 he located in Cowichan, British Columbia, and engaged in surveying
with Mr. E. M. Skinner for two years. Following that he became interested
in the hotel business, and has been more or less closely and successfully iden-
tified with the pursuit ever since. He, with his late partner, Mr. Percy
Gayres, built the old Qualmichan Hotel, which they conducted three years,
and after selling out he managed the aerated water business of Thorpe &
Company of Vancouver and Victoria, and is still interested in this enter-
prise. He built the Lakeside Hotel at Cowichan Lake, and he and his
brother, Mr. E. A. Price, run this popular hostelry, and in 1901 he erected
the Tzouhalen Hotel at Duncans, a public house which he conducted in a
first class manner, is well equipped, has an excellent cuisine, and under the
direct management of Mr. Price its success has been cumulative from the

Mr. Price was married in May, 1899, to Miss Edith Booth, a daughter
of George Booth, of Victoria. They have one child, Frederick. Mr. Price
affiliates with Temple lodge. No. 33, A. F. & A. M., is a Conservative in
politics, and his religious faith is that of the Church of England.


Thomas Gifford, well known in the business and political circles of New
Westminster, moved to this city twenty years ago, establishing a jewelry
business, and he has conducted this with broad and generous success to the
present time. A thorough student of public problems and a worker for the
civic welfare, he has been actively interested in the domain of politics, and
has been placed in various offices of trust through the votes of his fellow

Mr. Gifford was born in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, in 1854, being a son
of William and Margaret (Stewart) Gifford, of staunch and long established
Scotch race and lineage. His father was a grocer. Reared in Dumfries-
shire, at the age of fourteen he left grammar school and became an apprentice
to the jeweler's trade. In 1878, when a young man of twenty-four years,
he emigrated to the United States, and during the seven subsequent years
was in the line of his regular business at St. Paul, Minnesota. In 1885 he
located in New Westminster, and this has been his permanent home ever
since. He has a large and profitable business, and has one of the best jewelry
houses in the province.

Turning to his more essentially public career, he served eight years as a
member of the city council; was a member of the school board seven years,


for a number of years was on the board of trustees of the Royal Columbian
Hospital. In politics a supporter of Conservative principles, he was elected
to the provincial parliament in 1891, being again returned in 1893, and in
1897, 1901 and 1903. Mr. Gififord performs an active part in fraternal mat-
ters, being affiliated with the Masons, the Ancient Order of United Work-
men, the Knights of Pythias and the Sons of Scotland.

Mr. Gifford married, in 1877, Miss Annie Stoddard, a native of Scot-
land. Their first two children, William and Thomas, were born in the land
of hills and heather, and the children born on this side of the Atlantic are
Maggie, James, Julia, Hugh and John.


Dr. Hilliard John Wasson, of Ladysmith, has in the course of three or
four years' practice established himself thoroughly in the esteem of the com-
munity as a reliable and progressive practitioner, and his skill and ability
are unquestioned in every household that he has ever attended in a profes-
sional capacity. During the twelve years or more of his active practice he
has advanced rapidly in individual power ancj general usefulness, and has
added broad experience and efficiency to a complete theoretical preparation
for the most arduous as also the most beneficent profession which engages
the energies of man.

Dr. Wasson, born September 4, 1870, in Peterboro,- Ontario, where his
parents, John and Susan (McBurney) Wasson, are both living at the present
writing, attended the public school and the collegiate institute of his native

Online LibraryR. E. (R. Edward) GosnellA history; British Columbia → online text (page 51 of 79)