R. E. (R. Edward) Gosnell.

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connected with Nelson lodge, No. 23, A. F. & A. M., and is true to the
teachings and tenets of the craft. Starting out in life at an early age with
no assistance from influential friends or favorable environments he has made
good use of his opportunties and has gradually worked his way upward until
he now occupies an important and lucrative position.


Rt. Rev. Edward Cridge, the veuerable bishop of the Reformed Episco-
pal church of British Colurhbia, has enjoyed a career in ecclesiastical service
which for length and broad usefulness is seldom vouchsafed to men. With
his eighty-seven years he is truly venerable, and yet as the Lord's vicar he
still preaches and carries on his beneficent work among the people of Victoria,
where he has been rector of the present congregation for more than thirty
years. As might be expected in one who has toiled so long and faithfully,
one finds a beautiful simplicity, a breadth and liberality of mind and outlook,
and a sweet patience and steadfast courage as the most prominent marks of
the bishop's character. The wholesomeness and uplifting marks of his life
are happily still continued, and as the sunset of his career approaches the love
and veneration of his people strengthen and hold with the greater tenacity
to his supporting and beneficent spirit.

Bishop Cridge was born in Bratton Fleming, Devonshire, December 17,
181 7, being of good English lineage. His father, John Cridge, was an Eng-
lish schoolmaster, and he married Miss Grace Dyer, who passed away when
her son Edward was but a child. The father lived to be sixty-three years
of age.

Bishop Cridge enjoyed usual opportunities in an educational way under
the direction of his father, and he also attended the schools of North Milton
and South Milton. Fle afterw^ard was third master in the Grammar School,


Oundle, Northamptonshire. He finished his education in St. Peter's College,
Cambridge, receiving the degree of B. A. In 1848 he passed the theological
examination in Cambridge, and was ordained in Norfolk. He was appointed
assistant curate of the church of North Walsham, Norfolk, and was also
second master of the school in that city. In 1851 he was appointed to the
charge of Christ District church at Westham, London.

In 1854 Rev. Cridge was appointed chaplain of the Hudson's Bay Com-
pany for Vancouver Island. Before coming out to the wilderness of the
northwest to assume his duties he was married, in 1854, in the parish church
at Westham, to Miss Mary Winmill, who was born in England. They then
came out together to the district church of Vancouver, and in April, 1855,
landed at what is now the beautiful and prosperous city of Victoria. At
that time the fur company's fort with its projecting bastions and with the
surrounding cabins was the principal evidence of civilization in these parts.
Until a church could be erected he held the first Episcopal services within
the fort. The church was completed in 1856, was burned down in 1869, and
was rebuilt by the congregation in 1872. Bishop Cridge was the first Protest-
ant clergyman in this province, and besides holding regular services and
Sunday school at Victoria he also carried on his ministerial work at Colwood,
Esquimault and other places. In 1857 he visited Nanaimo and held services
and baptized several Protestant children, and his was the first Protestant
service held in that place. In 1859 he accompanied the Rev. Mr. Gammage,
a missionary sent out by the Propagation Society, by steamer as far as Hope
and thence by canoe as far as Yale, and across the mountains on horseback
to Lytton, from there to Lillooet, and came home by way of Douglas.

In 1874 the organization of the Reformed Episcopal church was effected
in the Presbyterian church building on Humboldt street, and Rev. Cridge
held the first service. Bishop Cummins was the leader of the movement by
which this branch denomination was brought about. The reformers objected
to certain changes made in the ritual of the older church, and it is claimed
that the Reformed church is more in keeping with the creed and usages ot
the church as it was originally, and they use the English prayerbook and dis-
pense with many of the formal services that resemble the Roman Catholic
ritual. In 1876 Rev. Cridge was consecrated bishop of the Reformed Episco-
pal church at Ottawa, and later was sent in the deputation from that church
to the Free church in England. The congregation at Victoria erected the
Church of Our Lord in 1876, and this has been Bishop Cridge's home church
ever since.

The bishop and Mrs. Cridge have had nine children, and the four now


living are : Richard Coombe Cridge, who is a civil engineer in the Sandwich
Islands; Mary Hills is the wife of James Cram, manager of the bank at
Ashcroft ; Ellen is the wife of Thomas Herbert Laundy, in the Bank of Com-
merce, and Maude is at home with her aged parents. Mrs. Cridge is still
spared to her husband and children, and is one of the oldest pioneer women
in the province. Besides being unwearied in church work, she was part
founder, and, for twenty years, first lady directress of the still flourishing
Protestant Orphans' Home. In 1875 Bishop Cridge built a very commodious
and pleasant home on Carr street in Victoria, and this delightful place has
been hallowed by his subsequent life and by the associations of a happy family.
The grounds about the residence contain three acres, and the bishop has been
so enthusiastic in his love for the spot that he has placed all the improvements
upon it with his own hsinds. He has set out many fruit and ornamental trees
and flowers. This home is called Marifield, in honor of Mrs. Cridge, whose
first name is Mary. Bishop Cridge is a lover of music and since early life
has been trained in the appreciation of the art. He is himself an accom-
plished player on the 'cello. Some sixty years ago he was one of the or-
ganizers of the Cambridge University Musical Society, and this is still in
existence and a flourishing body continued in the interests of the best in
music. The limits of this article of course preclude a more extended ac-
count of the many phases of Bishop Cridge's long life, and it must be suf-
ficient to conclude by saying that he has been devoted to the promotion of
many worthy enterprises, that the progress of the world toward higher ideals
has always found in him a sympathetic worker, that his influence for good
has never become dimmed in the course of years, and that his humanizing
spirit and beneficent endeavors have lifted thousands of his fellow men toward
the better things of the world.


Captain John S. Tait, a popular and prominent officer in the Sixth Regi-
ment, Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles, and also one of the enterprising and
prosperous business men of Vancouver, is a native of Edinburgh, Scotland,
where his birth occurred on the 6th of June, 1875. The family had resided
in Scotland through many generations. His father, James Tait, also a na-
tive of Scotland, becarne a member of the firm of Tait & Company, engaged
in the growing and shipping of tea in China. He was the founder of the
business and for a long period was very active in controlling its interests and
extending the scope of its operations, his keen discrimination and capable
management bringing to the firm a large measure of success. He died in



1888, at the age of seventy-three years. His wife, who bore the maiden
name of Annie Shaw Trotter, was a native of Scotland. She survives her
husband and now resides in Edinburgh, Scotland, in the sixtieth year of her
age. In religious faith they were Presbyterians, members of the Established
church of Scotland. In their family were nine children who yet survive,
while one has passed away.

Captain Tait, the only member of the family in British Columbia, was
educated in his native city and his first business interest was that of a shipping
clerk in Leith. He came to Vancouver in 1897 to take charge of his present
business as manager of the house of Crawford & Stuart, wholesale dealers in
ropes, cords, twines, patent salmon nets and all lines of fishing supplies, the
business being located at No. 565 Granville street. Captain Tait has con-
tinuously remained as manager and has conducted the business with very
gratifying success for the past seven years. The store is a very large one
and the stock is received direct from the manufacturers. He supplies the
goods to the trade and to the fishers at very satisfactory rates and he is an
active, honorable, progressive and conscientious business man, with whom
it is a pleasure to meet in any commercial transaction, because of his obliging
disposition and thorough reliability.

In 1898 Captain Tait joined the militia, went through a school of in-
struction and was commissioned a lieutenant in the Garrison Artillery, now
the Duke of Connaught's Own Rifles. He was promoted to captain in
January, 1902. Since becoming a member of the militia he has taken an
active part in its development along lines of proficiency and superior skill.
He is fond of rifle practice, is himself a fair marksman and is ever ready
to lend efficient aid in all the undertakings of his company and regiment,
serving capably on all the committees on which he is appointed and deserving
and enjoying the high esteem of the regiment. Such men are a credit to
the military organizations of the country. He also takes a lively interest
in athletic sports, yet never neglects his business and in commercial, social
and military circles he is prominent and popular.

On the 19th of November, 1902, Captain Tait was united in marriage
to Miss Lilian Nelson Moore, a native daughter of California, born in San
Francisco, and of Irish-Canadian descent. They have one son, John Moore
Spottiswood Tait. The captain and Mrs. Tait have won hosts of friends
since their arrival in Vancouver, and his social as well as business and mili-
tary prominence entitles him to recognition in this volume.




Thomas Taylor, of Revelstoke, has been prominently and closely identi-
fied with the industrial, business and public affairs of interior British Colum-
bia for a number of years. Of large ability as an executive and manager,
personally influential, and of known integrity and worth of character, he has
impressed his energy and enterprise on numerous departments of activity
and has become well known throughout this portion of the province.

A native of London, Ontario, where he was born February 4, 1865, his
parents, Thomas and Anne (Talbot) Taylor, being both deceased, he was
reared and educated in his native city, where he attended the graded and
high schools, and was afterwards articled to the law firm of Taylor and
Taylor for two years. In 1885, being then a youth of twenty years and full
of ambition and energy, he moved to Winnipeg, where he employed himself
at various occupations for three years, and since 1888 has been a citizen and
an active factor in British Columbia He has been a resident of Revelstoke
since 1900. In 1889 he went to Donald, British Columbia, in connection
with the mechanical and store department of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
and for one year had charge of the company's store at North Bend. He
then took the management of the branch store of C. B. Hume and Company
at Trout Lake City, and has been associated as a member with that firm
ever since. From 1894 to 1898 he served as government agent. He has
interests in mining in this district and coal lands in Alberta.

Mr. Taylor is a Conserv^ative in politics, and has taken much interest
in local affairs. In 1900 he was returned as a member of the provincial
parliament for Revelstoke riding, and in 1903 was re-elected. He is prom-
inent in fraternal circles, being affiliated with Trout Lake Lodge No. 49,
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, with the Fraternal Order of Eagles at
Revelstoke, with the Independent Order of Foresters, and is a member of
the Orange Society. In 1897 he was married to Miss Georgie Larson, whose
father was a native of Copenhagen, Denmark. They have three children,
Thomas Talbot, Margaret Edna and Richard Gk)rdon.


Samuel Sea, Sr., who in former years was extensively engaged in ship-
building, and is now devoting his energies to agricultural pursuits, is num-
bered among the pioneer settlers of Victoria of the year 1862. He was born
in Kent, England, on the 12th of August, 1837, and his father, Samuel Sea,
was also a native of that country and died in the seventieth year of his age.



His wife, however, still survives and has now reached the advanced age of
ninety-six years. They were the parents of three sons and five daughters
and one of the sons, William, now resides in San Francisco, while another
son, Henry Sea, is a resident of Victoria. In the year 1862, the discovery of
gold in British Columbia attracted Samuel Sea of this review to the Pacific
coast. He took passage on the sailing vessel Celestia, bound for the far
northwest, and carrying two hundred and fifty passengers. One hundred
and twenty-eight days were passed ere the voyage was completed. Mr. Sea
had previously learned the ship-carpenter's trdde and after reaching British
Columbia he was employed by the Hudson's Bay Company in the repairing
of its ships. After the completion of the schooner Mink, however, he sued
the company before he received his pay. He was likewise the builder of the
following vessels, the Gold Stream, the sloop Deerfoot, the brig Robert
Gowan, and others at Sooke. He made a trip to the Sandwich Islands, after-
ward visited San Francisco and then returned to his home in England in
order to visit his relatives and to wed the lady of his choice. He was married
to Miss Louisa Lovell and they came to British Columbia by way of New York,
the Isthmus of Panama and San Francisco, ultimately reaching their destina-
tion, Victoria.

Here Mr. Sea resumed his ship-building operations and at this period of
his life constructed the steamer Woodside, and the schooner Cambria. His
partner sailed in the latter vessel to the Sandwich Islands, but was killed by
the Indians at Solomon Island and the ship and cargo were a complete loss.
Mr. Sea also built a missionary boat, the Evangeline, for Bishop Ridley &
Company, in the ship building business for many years, but at length retired
from that field of labor and purchased a farm on the Buniside Road, three
miles from Victoria. He is now engaged in raising cattle, horses, hay and
grain and in his agricultural pursuits is meeting with desirable and gratify-
ing success.

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Sea have been born four children, all of whom are
living, namely : Samuel, now a prominent merchant of Victoria ; Elizabeth,
the wife of John Turnbull; William Lovell, who is upon the farm with his
father, and Alm.a, at home. Mr. Sea owns an excellent farm and pleasant
home and he and his family have a wide circle of friends and acquaintances
in Victoria and throughout the surrounding district. In politics he has al-
ways been a Liberal, but has never sought or desired office. The family are
connected with the Church of England and Mr. Sea holds membership rela-
tions with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Ancient Order of


United Workmen. Coming- to the far west in early manhood he found here
the business opportunities which he sought and which have led to his pros-


Alexander Edward Garrett, a member of the law firm of Livingston &
Garrett, is a recognized leader in community affairs in Vancouver, now fill-
ing the position of aldemian,. and his public-spiritedness and loyalty to the
general good are manifest in tangible way through the aldermanic measures
which he has instituted and supported, having direct bearing upon the sub-
stantial growth or improvement of the city.

Mr. Garrett was born in Hamilton, Ontario, on the i6th of September,
1870, and is of Irish and Scotch lineage. His father, John Garrett, was
born in Belfast, Ireland, and in 1852, bidding adieu to the Emerald Isle,
crossed the Atlantic to Hamilton, Ontario, where he was married to Miss
Jessie Bell, a native of Glasgow, Scotland. He was a wholesale boot and
shoe dealer in Hamilton throughout his entire business career. They were
the parents of six children, of whom five are living. The father died in 1879
in the fifty-ninth year of his age and the mother departed this life in 1899,
at the age of sixty-five years. Both were devoted members of the Presby-
terian church, in which Mr. Garrett served as an elder, and their efforts con-
tributed in substantial measure to the growth of the church and the extension
of its influence.

Alexander Edward Garrett was educated in Upper Canada College in
Toronto and in Germany, where he pursued a two years' course of study.
His literary education having been completed he began preparation for the
bar, and was graduated from the Toronto Law school, successfully passing
his examinations in 1894. He then began the practice of his chosen profes-
sion in his native city in partnership with Stuart Livingston, with whom
he is still associated. The firm of Livingston & Garrett was formed and
after being together for a time they became favorably impressed with the
bright prospects before the young city of Vancouver. Mr. Garrett visited
British Columbia and wvas so pleased with the city and its prospects that in
October, 1898, he and his partner removed to Vancouver and entered upon
what has been a most successful and constantly growing law practice, their
clientage being now of a distinctively representative character. They have
been connected with much of the most important litigation tried in the courts
of this locality and in argnment have been found forceful and logical, while


as counselors they have displayed wise judgment and intimate knowledge
of the principles of jurisprudence.

Mr. Garrett has always been a Conservative in politics and as the rep-
resentative of that party was elected one of the aldermen of Vancouver in
January, 1904. He has the honor of having polled the largest vote ever cast
in ward No. i. He was made one of the police commissioners and has taken
a very active part in securing the introduction of various new methods de-
. signed to increase the efficiency of the Vancouver police force. He has also
taken an active interest in their support and he loses no opportunity to favor
every measure intended to make Vancouver the delightful city which it is
today. He has displayed his faith in the city by making investment in realty
here, and his co-operation can at all times be counted upon to foster any
movement or further any measure calculated to benefit Vancouver.

In 1896 Mr. Garrett was made a member of the Masonic fraternity in
his native city and was serving as senior deacon of his lodge at the time of
his removal to Vancouver. He is now affiliated with Cascade lodge, No. 12,
A. F. & A. M., being one of its worthy representatives. He is a young
man of strong mentality and marked individuality and the strength of his
purpose, his laudable ambition and his untiring diligence have secured for him
a creditable position as a member of the bar, while his devotion to the gen-
eral good has made him one of Vancouver's valued representatives.


William Braid, wholesale importer of teas, coffees, and spices, located
in the Braid Granite Block on Hastings street in Vancouver, is a native of
Edinburgh, Scotland, and a son of Andrew and Ivan (Davidson) Braid,
both of whom were natives of Scotland. The father carried on merchandis-
ing in Edinburgh for many years and he reached the very venerable age of
ninety years, passing away in 1896, while his wife, who died in 1887, was
sixty-seven years of age at the time of her demise. They were the parents of
eight children, six of whom are living.

The Braid family has no representative in British Columbia except
William Braid of this review, who at the usual age became a public school
student in Edinburgh. He remained a resident of his nati^ e land until 1874.
when attracted by the business opportunities of the new world he bade adieu
to friends and native country and sailed for Canada. He located at Hamil-
ton, Ontario, and there entered the employ of the firm of Stewart & Mc-
Pherson, where his ability won him recognition that resulted in promotion
from time to time and eventually be became a partner in the firm. He was


cy^(^ zT^T^^x^


associated with these gentlemen for eighteen years, when severing his busi-
ness connections in Ontario he came to the Pacific coast, finding the country
here in a state of modern progressive development. He opened his whole-
sale house in this marvelous young metropolis of the west and established
himself at his present location, building a fine granite business block fifty
by eighty feet, five stories in height and basement. He is conducting busi-
ness as a wholesale importer of teas, coflfees and spices, and he has his build-
ing filled with these articles imported direct from the countries in which they
are produced. His business has constantly grown until in extent it equals
many a commercial enterprise of older cities. He employes sixteen men and
sells his goods throughout the Northwest territory and as far east as Winni-
peg. Braid's best cofifee has a wide reputation as one of the most superior
articles in that line on the market. He now has, in 1904, four hundred tons
of coffee in stock and has the most modern plant in all Canada. He can
roast a ton of coffee every hour. He has made a thorough study of the
business, watches carefully the market and by selling good goods at reason-
able prices he has secured a patronage which is indeed well merited. He is
also president of the British Columbia Distillery Company and president of
the Vancouver Vinegar Works, and thus he has extended his efforts into
fields of activity which have proven of direct and permanent good to the
northwest. Twelve years have come and gone since he arrived in Vancouver.
The town was then comparatively in its infancy and throughout the inter-
vening period he has been a prominent factor in the advancement of the
commercial interests, upon which the growth and prosperity of village or city
always depend. Widely known his life history cannot fail to prove of in-
terest to his many friends, and it is therefore with pleasure that we present
his record to our readers.


Fred Eraser, whose career in the public service has made him well known
in interior British Columbia, has been almost continuously a resident of
Revelstoke for the past twenty years, during the entire history of that town,
and for the last seven or eight years has given his broad usefulness and effi-
ciency to the management of public offices of trust. Mr. Eraser has been a
very busy individual since boyhood, taking up active, self-supporting duties
as soon as school days were over, and with the passing years and increasing
age his value to himself and to the community has kept pace and his public-
spirited and enterprising citizenship is a constant and dependable factor of
progress in this section of the province.


Born in Kent, England, February 13, i860, Mr. Fraser suffered the
loss at an early age of both parents, William and Sarah (Williams) Fraser,
and when seven years old came out to Canada, in company with two aunts
and an uncle. What few remaining years of irresponsible boyhood remained
to him were spent in Quebec, where he attended public school and became
acquainted with the essentials of industry and honest endeavor. After work-
ing for a short time on an Ontario farm, in 1879 he took up railroading and
went out to Manitoba. He was employed in bridge construction until 1896,
when the road on which he was working was completed. He had arrived
and taken up his residence at Revelstoke in 1885, ^^ which year the Canadian
Pacific was completed to that point, and during the remainder of his rail-
roading he was stationed here in charge of the bridge material. In 1897 he
entered the public service, as mining recorder, and his efficiency has been
so marked that numerous positions of trust have since been given him and his
time is now entirely taken up with a multiplicity of public duties. At the
present writing he holds the following offices : gold commissioner and govern-

Online LibraryR. E. (R. Edward) GosnellA history; British Columbia → online text (page 55 of 79)