R. E. (R. Edward) Gosnell.

A history; British Columbia online

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he being then in his twenty-first year. After two months holiday he took
charge of the office of Drake, Jackson & Helmcken, with whom he remained
until the 15th of May, 1904, at which time he formed his present partner-
ship with Arthur J. O'Reilly. They have a wide professional acquaintance,
have already secured a distinctively representative clientage and are giving
the strictest attention to their legal business. Mr. Moresby prepares his
cases with great thoroughness, is a close and earnest student of the principles
of jurisprudence and always enters the courtroom well prepared to present
his case in the strongest possible light.

In his political views Mr. Moresby is a Conservative and was secretary
of the Conservative Association. At its last meeting he received the largest
vote for member of the executive committee and his influence is a potent
factor in the councils of his party. Belonging to the Native Sons of the
Province he is now a past chief factor, being the third to occupy that chair.
He is also deeply interested in sports and athletics, including football, cricket
and baseball, in all of which he excels. In the first named he has attained
the highest proficiency and is the oldest known player actively connected with
the league in this locality, having played continuously since his sixteenth year.
He has been for two years on the managing committee of the James Bay Club.
His perfect physical development, fine mental endowments and social, cordial
nature render him a fine representative of British Columbia's Native Sons
and his many excellent qualities have made him popular with a very large
circle of friends.*

DONALD B. HOLDEN, M. D.

Donald B. Holden, M. D., during the past ten years or more has become
recognized as one of the foremost physicians and surgeons of Victoria. He
has a broad and liberal equipment, obtained in the best schools of this coun-
try and abroad, and his skill has been often demonstrated in difficult surgical
operations. Dr. Holden is -a leader not only in his immediate profession
but also in various enterprises and social and civic movements in the city.

Dr. Holden was born in Bellville, Ontario, October 13, 1867. The
Holden family were among the earliest settlers at Bellville, and they first
came there at the time of the American revolution. During this conflict they
retained their allegiance to their king, and joined the exodus of loyalists to
Canada. Bellville has since been the seat of the family, and its members are
well known and prominent about that city. Dr. Holden's father was J.



BRITISH COLUMBIA 619

Clement Holden, who was born near Bellville, and whose wife was Miss
Emily Clark, a native of the same town. J. Clement Holden's early business
career was spent as a druggist, but he later became a prosperous boot and
shoe manufacturer at Montreal. He has branch houses at St. Johns, Toronto,
Winnipeg, Vancouver, Victoria and Granby, and this is one of the old estab-
lished and most successful business enterprises of Canada. The father is
a Presbyterian in religion, but his good wife has always adhered to the sweet
and simple doctrines of the Friends' church. They were the parents of six
children, and two of them are in British Columbia, the Doctor and his brother,
Fred C. Holden, the latter being a resident of Vancouver.

Dr. Holden was educated at McGill University in Montreal, where he
took both the B. A. and M. D. degrees, being graduated as a Doctor of
Medicine in 189 1. He then went abroad and continued his professional studies
in London and Edinburgh. He returned to this country, and in January,
1893, opened his office at Victoria, where he was soon in possession of a
large and influential practice, tie is also interested in several mining en-
teprises.

Dr. Holden is treasurer of the Victoria society for the prevention of
cruelty to animals. If he has one special enthusiasm aside from his profes-
sion it is his admiration for fine horses, and he takes great pride in the
fine animals in his own stable. He is a member of the Presbyterian church
in Victoria. He is a diligent student of his profession, gives his energies
without reserve to his practice, and is a fine type of the professional man and
public-spirited citizen.

THOMAS STURCH ANN AND ALE.

Thomas Sturch Annandale is known to hundreds of New Westminster
families as " our grocer," and with all that such a title in this case implies
it is a reputation of which any one might well be envied. And it is a fact that
he owns and directs the most extensive grocery business in the city, purveying
the very highest classes of provisions, and with a uniformity and reliability in
quality and prices that retain and steadily increase the patronage which he has
built up through the most honorable and effective business methods. Mr.
Annandale is also one of the prominent citizens, possessed of the energy and
civic enterprise which give strength and stability to any city or community,
and his youth and ability have enabled him to accomplish much both for his
own welfare and for the permanent progress of his city.

Born in Forfarshire, Scotland, March 9, 1864, of Scotch ancestry, Mr.
Annandale is a Scotchman by rearing and education and possessed of the



620 BRITISH COLUMBIA

best characteristics of that race. His parents were Robert Burns and Helen
(Sturch) Annandale, both natives of the same town in Scotland, and his
father was a prosperous man, being a manager of estates during his career.
Both parents were members of the Church of England.

After coming to this country Mr. Annandale spent some time in Van-
couver. He arrived in New Westminster in 1891 and at once opened a small
grocery, carrying on his trade in a small way in partnership with George
Wolfenden. A year and a half later Mr. Annandale bought out his partn'^.r,
and as sole proprietor devoted his energies to the business with such success
that he soon built up a fine trade all over the city. Then came the great fire
of 1898, in which the entire business section was wiped out. Two days and
a half after that holocaust, and before the embers were scarcely cool, he had
put up a small shack and as the first business man to resume business he began
supplying the people with the necessaries of life. This prompt and energetic
action gave added impetus to his trade when commercial activity was restored
to its wonted prosperity, and he has since been the foremost grocer of the
city. He conducts two large stores, the West End grocery being a branch of
the central establishment.

In politics a Conservative, Mr. Annandale has been offered the nomina-
tion to both the provincial and Dominion parliaments, but business affairs
have hitherto prevented his entrance into the active field of politics. Never-
theless he is awake and public-spirited as concerns the best welfare of his city
and province, and, possessing the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens
to an unusual degree, his influence counts for much in local matters.

Mr. Annandale was married in 1887 to Miss Sarah Crowder, a native of
Shropshire, England. This union has been blessed with four children, all
born in New Westminster, namely : Beatrice, Lindsay, Thomas A. and
Arthur. Mrs. Annandale died April 18, 1905. Mr. /Vnnandale is a member
of the Church of England, as was also his wife. While a resident of England
he received the sublime degree of Master Mason, and keeps up his fraternal
relations in this country.

JOHN C. HENDERSON, M. D.

Dr. John C. Henderson is one of the representative physicians and
surgeons in the New Westminster district, and at Chilliwack, where he has
had his residence for nearly twenty years, he has built up a reputation for
skill and professional ability which gives him an assured position of prom-
inence among all his fellow citizens and associates. He came to this part of
the province thoroughly grounded in all the principles which make the sue-



p



BRITISH COLUMBIA 621

cessful practitioner, and, when added to this are his tact and social qualities,
success was not long denied him, and he is now ranked among- the most influ-
ential and prosperous men of his community.

Dr. Henderson was born near Londonderry, Ireland, December lo,
1853. his father being S. C. Henderson, a veteran contractor and builder now
living in Chilliwack. From a fine literary education in the University of
Glasgow, he passed to his professional studies in the same university and was
graduated from the medical department in July, 1882. Tlie first four years
of his professional career were spent in Eng'land, and he was most adequately
equipped and experienced when he came out to this northwest country. His
brother came out to Chilliwack in the early eighties, being a prosperous
farmer there at the present time, and Dr. Henderson followed him in 1886.
He became the pioneer doctor in the valley, and his ability speedily gained
him a large business, which he has subsequently retained, and his practice
extends all over the valley.

In 1889 Dr. Henderson married Miss Frances Jane McCutcheon, a
daughter of John McCutcheon, of Chilliwack. Their comfortable and pleas-
ant home has been blessed with five children : Kathleen, Harold L., Will-
iam Ewart, Dorothy and John Stanley. Dr. Henderson is a member of the
Woodmen of the World, and he and his wife are Presbyterians.

HENRY McDowell.

Henry McDowell, president of the board of trade of Vancouver, is one
of the city's most successful business men and also a pioneer and one who
has taken a most prominent part in advancing the phenomenal prosperity
of this city which is less than twenty years old. He is vice president of the
large wholesale drug business of Henderson Brothers, Limited, which is
the pioneer drug firm of the province. The drug business has claimed his
attention during most of his career, and in this as in his other enterprises he
has been eminently successful.

Mr. McDowell was born in Milton, Halton county, Ontario, March 3,
1862. His father, Robert McDowell, emigrated from Ireland, his native
and ancestral country, to Canada in 1849, and in this country followed farm-
ing until his death in 1864, when in his thirty-sixth year. He married, in
his native country. Miss Mary Ann Doherty, who was born in the vicinity of
his own birthplace. She reared their family and lived to be sixty-three years
old, her death occurring in 1891. The parents were members of the Episcopal
church. The son Henry and his sister, Mrs. Charles H. Monet, are both
residents of Vancouver.



622 BRITISH COLUMBIA

Educated in the public schools, Mr. McDowell learned the drug busi-
ness in his native town, and in 1884 left Milton and went to Port Arthur at
the head of Lake Suj^erior, where for two years he was a clerk in the employ
of O'Connor and Company. In 1886 he came to Vancouver. Just
previous to his arrival the fire fiend had destroyed all there had been in
the way of a town, and in the year of his coming Vancouver had its real
birth and baptism into a career of greatness. He opened a drug business,
and his own interests and prosperity have kept pace with the rapid develop-
ment of the city. His was the first drug store after the fire, and he con-
tinued it on his own account until 1891, when he was joined by H. H. Wat-
son. In 1895 their house was amalgamated with Atkins and Atkins, am
this firm of McDowell, Atkins, Watson Company established as many as
eleven drug stores in Vancouver, all located on eligible corners of the city|
In 1903 they erected a large brick wholesale drug house, fifty by one hundred
and twenty feet, and four stories and basement. In 1902 the wholesale busi-
ness was merged with that of Henderson Brothers of Victoria, and the whole-
sale trade is continued under the name of Henderson Brothers, Limited, while
the retail houses are still conducted under the name of McDowell, Atkins, Wat-
son Company. He has lohg been a member of the board of trade, and is at
the present writing serving as its president

In 1890 Mr. McDowell was married to Miss Dell Clarke, daughter of
Edward Clarke, of Renbrooke, Ontario, and of Irish ancestry. Their three
children are Mary Emily, Robert Clarke and Dell McLaren. They have one
of the finest residences in Vancouver, and their church home is with the
Church of England.

JOHN McCUTCHEON.

John McCutcheon, of Chilliwack, is a British Columbia pioneer of the
year 1862, and has since had a long, varied and useful experience in the life
and activities of the province and of the entire northwest coast. He has
been noted for .his enterprise and able conduct of affairs, and has been a
valuable factor in the progress and industrial welfare of the country. He
has been a citizen of Chilliwack for many years, and here his worth has always
been recognized and he is held in high esteem among his fellow men and
business associates.

A native of county Tipperary, Ireland, Mr. McCutcheon was a son of
William and Jane Gunn McCutcheon, and was born January 8, 1842. His
father is now dead, but his mother lives near Dallas, Texas. Prepared for
life by a grammar school education in his native land, he took up serious



BRITISH COLUMBIA 623

duties by going out to Australia, where two year of his early life were spent.
He came to British Columbia on the ship Mountain Wave, being in company
with a lot of miners bound for the Cariboo district, and he made landing on
September 27, 1862, an early date in the history of the province. Surveyor
General Carey informed him and his companions that the wealth of the Cariboo
district was grossly exaggerated, and by his representations he induced most
of the men to remain near the coast and take up the more sure and settled
pursuits of tilling the soil and such industries. The kindly official placed
a gunboat at the disposal of the men and assigned them locations at various
]X>ints on the island, and some time later sent the gunboat around to pick up
those who should prove to be dissatisfied. Mr. McCutcheon went to Comox
and took up a hundred acres of land on the bay, on what is now known as Mc-
Cutcheon's point, and where he was one of the factors in founding a
settlement. This remained his home for two years, until his energies were
devoted to tJie enterprises which have since occupied most of his time. In
1864 he went on the expedition to run the Western Union telegraph line to
Behring's straits, which was to cross to the Amoor river. In two years'
time the line was pushed up as far as the Naas river, and he then returned
to the Skeena river to take charge of the company's stores. The work was
still in progress when word was received that the Atlantic cable had proved
successful, and this stopped the enterprise. After remaining in that locality
for a year and a half Mr. McCutcheon brought the stores back to Fort Simp-
son in canoes and left them there until 1867. On his return to Victoria he
was sent to take charge of the Whatcom office of the Western Union, and
from that point came to Chilliwack, where he has been located ever since.
He is the owner of two farms, one of one hundred and sixty acres and a mile
from town, and one of eighty acres four miles from town, besides town
property.

Mr. McCutcheon was married in 1869 to Miss Caroline Mercy Morey,
a daughter of Jonathan Morey of the Royal Engineers. The four children
by this union are: Frances Jane, wife of Dr. John C. Henderson, of Chilli-
wack; Sarah, wife of Robert Marshall, of Chilliwack; William Henry, who
is on his father's farm; and John Francis.

Mr. McCutcheon was the first reeve of Chilliwack, and held that posi-
tion for several years, and is prominent and public-spirited in all community
affairs. He is a Liberal in politics, and a member of the Episcopal church.
He has fraternal affiliations with Excelsior Lodge No. 7, I. O. O. F.



624 BRITISH COLUMBIA

JOSEPH C. ARMSTRONG.

Joseph C. Armstrong is a pioneer of the pioneers. He has been in-
timately identified with the province of British Columbia since the spring of
1858, and few men have a more varied acquaintance with the industrial, busi-
ness and civic activities of the country than he. It is as a pioneer developer
and successful operator in the gold fields that his history has its most interest-
ing chapters, but his strenuous participation in those lines of work ceased
some thirty-five years ago, and since then he has been by no means retired
from the world, as the material prosperity and general welfare of his city of
New Westminster can abundantly testify. He deserves to be counted among
the leaders and stalwarts of his province, where he has backed by personal
influence and effort civic enterprises, industrial growth and general progress.

Mr. Armstrong comes of an old Irish family, being the third son of Cap-
tain William Armstrong, who at an early date in the last century emigrated
from county Cavan, Ireland, to Canada. For further details of the family
history the reader is referred to the biography of Hon. William James Arm-
strong, in another portion of this work. Mr. Armstrong was born in Dur-
ham county, Ontario, April 18, 1837, and received his education principally
at Millbrook, the county seat.

The gold excitement of '49 attracted the entire family to the Eldorado
on the Pacific slope, and in 185 1 they came west and settled in Grass Valley,
Nevada county, California, where Joseph Charles had further privileges in the
way of attending school. But during most of the seven years of his residence
there has was engaged in mining, both placer and hydraulic, and he gained not
only an infinite amount of experience, but also some money.

In 1858 the Eraser river gold discoveries offered another field for the
gold argonauts, and the Armstrongs joined in the rush for this district. From
San Francisco they made the trip by sailing vessel to Victoria, where they
arrived in the spring of the year. Victoria at the time boasted of being little
more than a Hudson's Bay Company's trading point, the old fort being still
in existence and the surrounding country densely wooded and undeveloped.
From Victoria Mr. Armstrong and his brother George went on up the Eraser
river to Langley. These hardy adventurers saw the heights and depths of
mining and prospecting experience during the next few years. They made
several trips up the river carrying their blankets and provisions on their backs,
going as far as Hope. In 1861 they went to the Cariboo district in the sr.rnc
way, loaded down with supplies and their mining equipment, making the
journey by the Douglas route. Their first work, on Antler creek, was not




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BRITISH COLUMBIA 625

very successful, but in the next spring they took up on WilHams creek what
proved a very rich claim, from which during the two seasons of their .^tay
they took out seventy-five thousand dollars. They packed their gold out with
them, having it assayed in New Westminster and then shipped to San Fran-
cisco. For three years after this successful work Mr. Armstrong remained
in New Westminster and speculated in various properties.

When the Big Bend excitement broke out in 1866 he was among the first
to set out for the new field, but did not find success on this excursion, returning
soon to New Westminster. In 1868 he once more went to the Cariboo region.
He and his brother made a long and arduous search at different places, en-
during countless difficulties and physical hardships in that wild country, where
flour and beans were worth a dollar and a half a pound, and gum boots sold
for fifty or sixty dollars a pair, so that the success which finally rewarded
their efforts was well deserved. They discovered the famous Minnehaha claim
on Mosquito creek, where, in company with several other parties, they took out
a quarter of a million dollars. Some of their pans went as high as thirteen
or fourteen ounces, and the richness and extent of this claim may be under-
stood when it is stated that a part of it is being still worked by the Flynn
Brothers. But expenses were very high when the Armstrong Brothers were
there, and in 1869 Mr. Armstrong returned to New Westminster, without,
however, disposing of all his interests in the mine. He concluded to give up
the wearing occupation of prospecting and mining, which had given him ex-
cellent rewards, but at the same time had compelled him to undergo severe
privations. Three times he had footed it all the way from Yale to Cariboo
and back, carrying his outfit on his back, and once he had made a similar
journey to the Big Bend.

Mr. Armstrong is known as the locator of the Harrison Hot Springs in
New Westminster district, now one of the most popular resorts in the prov-
ince. These springs were originally covered by the waters of the neighbor-
ing lakes, and the piT)blem of separating the two was considered by all experts
as insoluble. But Mr. Armstrong planned a cut between the lake and the
springs which successfully met all expectations, and the fine medicinal waters
have since been available to the public. At first he was the sole owner of the
property and still retains a large share therein. A delightful hotel, the St.
Alice, and baths have been erected, and, surrounded with its incomparable
scenery, this is one of the beautiful and restful health and recreation spots of
British Columbia. The water of the springs on leaving the ground is of a
temperature of one hundred and fifty degrees Fahrenheit. The mineral com-
bination is of the highest tonic and medical value, the analysis showing parts



626 BRITISH COLUMBIA

of chloride of potassium, chloride of sodium, chlorides of lithium, sulphates
of soda and magnesium, bicarbonates of lime and iron, and traces of sulphated
hydrogen and other mineral and organic matter.

Mr. Armstrong has been a permanent resident of New Westminster since
1869, and has given most of his attention to dealing in various forms of real
estate and promoting enterprises of the kind just mentioned. The brick
blocks which he first built were burned in the great fire, and were afterwards
rebuilt by him. He was prominent in the movement for putting in the first
telephones in the city, and is still a stockholder in the company which controls
all the telephones in the province. As a staunch Liberal Mr. Armstrong has
been very active in public affairs, interested in provincial and Dominion
politics, but always refusing to stand for parliament. He served ten years
in the city council, and has been a supporter of every legitimate enterprise for
the benefit of the city and locality. He is now serving as a member of the
pilot commission.

Mr. Armstrong's brother and long-time partner, George H. Armstrong,
died on January 5, 1880, when thirty-seven years old. They had l^een as-
sociated in all their prosperous days of mining*, and the bonds of sympathy
and affection between them were unusually strong and sincere. One of their
enterprises which should be recalled was the building, in 1874, of twenty-f'Xir
miles of the Yale road, from Vedder lake to Cheam, and for this enterprise
they employed one hundred white men and fifty Indians and received therefor
thirty-five thousand dollars.

November 5, 1885, Mr. Armstrong was happily married to Miss Cath-
arine Freese, who was born in Calaveras county, California. They have two
'children: Lillooet (which is the Indian word for beautiful) and Noel. Mrs.
Armstrong's father was John E. Freese, a pioneer of California and British
Columbia.

DALLAS GORDON PERRY, M. D.

Dr. Dallas Gordon Perry is a prominent young physician and surgeon
at Duncans, and has been rising rapidly in his profession since entering upon
its active practice some five or six years ago. He is a leader in his profes-
sion, but is likewise a first class business man, and has entered heartily as a
factor in various affairs in his community.

Dr. Perry was born in Ottawa, Ontario, September 21, 1874, being a
son of E. A. and Anne Jane (Cattenach) Perry, the former of whom is
deceased, but the latter is living at Duncans. The family moved to Winni-
peg when the son Dallas Gordon was seven years old, and he accordingly



BRITISH COLUMBIA 627

attended the public schools of that place. Thence he became a student of
Manitoba College, from which he was graduated. His professional studies
were carried on in the University of Manitoba Medical College, and he
received his degree of Doctor of Medicine in the class of 1898. This prep-
aration he followed up with a post-graduate course in the Chicago Post-
Graduate School, and was then surgeon on the Canadian Pacific steamers
to Australia for several trips. Becoming connected with the Dunsmuir



Online LibraryR. E. (R. Edward) GosnellA history; British Columbia → online text (page 61 of 79)