that office ever since. In August, 1901, he was appointed issuer of marriage
Mr. Armstrong is prominent in Masonic circles, was deputy grand master
of the grand lodge of British Columbia, and in June, 1905, was elected grand
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I. IT, i\ O'i I .' '
BRITISH COLUMBIA 655
master of the grand lodge of British Columbia in the session held in New-
Westminster. He is an active member of the Westminster Club. In 1888
he was married to Miss Annie Kerr. She was born in Ingersoll, Ontario,
and was a daughter of Daniel Kerr, a pioneer carriage manufacturer of that
place. Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong have one daughter, Nora Marguerite.
Theirs is one of the most attractive homes in New Westminster, beautiful,
not alone for its exterior and interior comfort, but also for its well known
warmth of hospitality and geniality.
ALEXANDER H. B. MACGOWAN.
Alexander Henry Boswall Macgowan, the senior member of the firm of
Macgowan & Company, shipping commissioners and insurance agents at
No. 226 Cambie street, Vancouver, figures prominently in business circles
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of the city, where he has resided continuously since early in 1888. He has
thus been a witness of the phenomenal growth, and in his private business
career has kept pace with the progress that has here been made.
A native of Prince Edward Island, Mr. Macgowan was born on the
14th of April, 1850, and the Macgpwans are of English, Scotch and Irish
ancestry. He is descended from Rev. John Macgowan, who was born in
Scotland, but removed to London, England, and was a Baptist minister,
devoting" his life for many years to the work of the church. His grave is
in Bun Hill T'ields, London. His son, Peter Macgowan, grandfather of
Alexander H. B. Macgowan, was a native of England, but at an early day
removed to Prince Edw-ard Island, where he became a lawyer of prominence,
serving as attorney general of Prince Edward Island under royal appoint-
William Stanforth Macgowan, father of our subject, was born on Prince
Edward Island, and became a successful farmer and merchant. He was
also influential and active in community affairs, and served for several terms
as high sheriff of Kmgs county. He married Miss Ann Burston Boswall,
who was born in the south of England and was a daughter of Dr. A. H.
Boswall, who was born on shipboard near the Rock of Gibraltar, his father
having been a naval commander, while his wife, who bore the maiden name
of O'Connel, was a lady of Irish ancestry. William S. Macgowan attained
the advanced age of eighty-two years, while his wife departed this life in
the seventieth year of her age and was buried at Chilliwack, British Colum-
bia. They were the parents of nine children, only tw^o of whom are now
living, a daughter, Amelia Macgowan, and the subject of this review.
: Alexander H. B. Macgowan was educated in Prince Edwards Island in
656 BRITISH COLUMBIA
the public schools, and throughout his entire life has been engaged in the
shipping, commission and insurance business. As the senior member of the
firm of Macgowan & Company in this line he is conducting a successful busi-
ness at No. 226 Cambie street, Vancouver, being associated with his sons
Max and Roy, who are young business men of marked ability. The firm
represents the Consumers Cordage Company, Limited, the Dominion Bay
Company, Limited, the Firemen's Fund Marine Insurance Company, the Sun
Fire office, the Fire Insurance Company of North America, also the Bombay
Fire & Marine Insurance Company, Limited, the St. Paul Marines and
Lloyds Underwriters. The Sun Insurance Company, which the firm repre-
sents, is the oldest purely fire insurance company in the world, and the Fire
Insurance Company of North America is the oldest of the kind in the United
States. His business is one of the most successful in the city in this line,
and Mr. Macgowan is one of the pioneer representatives of this field of
business activity, wherein he has so carefully directed his labors that his
business has increased proportionately with the marvelous growth of Van-
In 1874 Mr. Macgowan was married on Prince Edward's Island to Miss
Frances M. Hayden, a native of his own town and a daughter of Alexander
Hayden, who was for many years a successful ship builder there and also
a justice of the peace. This union has been blessed with five sons, of whom
four are living, namely: Max and Roy, their father's partners; Lyle, an
accountant; and Erl, who, like his brother, is holding a responsible position
as an accountant.
For many years Mr. Macgowan has been a very active member of the
Masonic fraternity, having become identified with the craft in 1874. He is
a past' master of twenty years' standing, and had the honor of being deputy
grand master of Prince Edward Island the year he left there. He now
affiliates with Cascade Ix)dge of Vancouver. In politics he is a Conservative,
and he has always taken an active jnterest in community affairs, especially
in promoting the prosperity of Vancouver and advancing its material im-
provement. He was the first secretary of the Vancouver Board of Trade,
and filled that office for five years. He was also the first secretary of the Fruit
Growers' Association and of the British Columbia Dairymen's Association,
and has thus latered to promote various interests which have had direct
bearing upon the general prosperity and commercial activity of the province,
tie served for eight years on the school board of Vancouver, as secretary.
chairman, etc., and labored assiduously for the establishment of the present
splendid school system here. He was elected to the provincial parliament- in
BRITISH COLUMBIA 657
1903, and is a supporter of the McBricle Conservative government. He
and his family have a pleasant home at No. 1121 Georgia avenue and occupy
an enviable position in social circles.
Robert Clark, who is one of Vancouver's representative business men,
was born in Lanarkshire, Scotland, September 17, 1845, a son of James
and Anna R. (McGeoch) Clark. The ancestry of the family can be traced
back to the fifteenth century and representatives of the name followed agri-
cultural and mechanical pursuits. Through many generations they were
Presbyterians in religions faith. The father of our subject died in the six-
tieth year of his age, while the mother attained the advanced age of eighty-
one years. They had four children, three sons and a daughter, Robert
and Joseph being the only members of the family in British Columbia.
Robert Clark was educated in the villages of Bowling and Kilpatrick.
His early connection with business life began in a grocery store, where he
was employed for a time. Later he learned the ship-builder's trade and on
the I St of May, 1871, when about twenty-five years of age, he left his native
country, taking passage at Glasgow for Quebec. From the latter city he
made his way to Toronto, where he remained for three months, after which
he entered the services of Captain Dick and went to Fort Francis, where
he worked during the year 187 1. Subsequently he went down river and
made his way across the Lake of the Woods on foot. The party with which
he traveled had to get a few muskrats in order to keep from starving, for
they thought that they could not hold out until they could reach a place
where provisions could be o1)tained. Finally, however, they arrived at North-
west Angle, Lake of the Woods, and were there given something to eat,
so that they did not have to eat the muskrats. Arriving there on the 8th of
May, they stopped for the night and secured a large kettle of bean soup,
Mr. Clark eating three bowls of it. Refreshed by their meal and their night's
rest the party started the next morning to walk sixteen miles. Mr. Clark
thus far had traveled in moccasins, but they had become worn out and he
had to put on a pair of high-heeled boots, which were not easy to wailk in,
for the country had been flooded with rain and the ground was inundated
with water and slush. For a long distance the party had to wade and the
boots rubbing Mr. Clark's heels took all the skin off. The next morning,
because of his sore heels, he was unable to keep up with the party and was
obliged to take off his boots and socks and walked for sixty miles in bare feet
through snow and brush. At length they reached Point Lachine, where they
658 BRITISH COLUMBIA
again stopped for the night, lying on the floor wrapped in their blankets.
From that place they walked thirty-six miles to Winnipeg. The river was
unnble to carry off the water from the melting snow and they waded through
ten miles of water ice cold and from six to eighteen inches deep. As they
drew near Winnipeg it began to grow dark. Mr. Clark's heels were badly
cut and his ankles were swollen and he and another of the party were unable
to keep up with the majority of their comrades. Tired out, he threw his
pack in a dry place and said he could go no farther. Others of the party,
however, returned to him and after resting for a time he made another effort
to proceed. The road became easier to travel as they neared the town and
when he caught sight of the river and saw the lights of the little town
of Winnipeg beyond he was filled with great thankfulness. They
reached their destination at nine o'clock at night and again the party slept
on their blankets. For two or three weeks after this Mr. Clark was very
lame, but as soon as possible he began active work. He built the first steamer
that sailed on Lake Manitoba. Going into the forest he picked out the
trees, hewed the timber and with help whip-sawed the lumber. He then
built and launched the boat and delivered her to the owners, a craft one
hundred feet in length. The woods were infested with mosquitoes so nu-
merous that they occasioned great trouble to the men. Their supply of pro-
visions also iDecame exhausted and Mr. Clark found it difficult to retain his
helpers until the work was completed. They made a boat to cross the lake
two hundred miles for provisions, but the day they intended to make the
start help came to them, bringing them needed supplies. They had made
sails out of their blankets and thus ■ they sailed the boat across the lake.
When this task was accomplished Mr. Clark worked for the Hudson's Bay
Company for two or three years, at the end of which time he returned to
Grand Forks, afterward went to Morehead and to Duluth, Minnesota, on to
St. Paul, Omaha, to Sacramento and later to San Francisco, and he remained
in San Francisco for three months and arrived in Victoria, British Colum-
bia, in 1875.
Mr. Clark has long figured' prominently in commercial circles in this
province. In 1880 he opened a men's furnishing goods store in Nanaimo,
carrying all kinds of supplies and conducting the enterprise for a year. He
then removed to Yale with his stock and after carrying on business there
for a year his store was destroyed by fire and he met with severe loss. He
remained at Yale until the spring of 1886, when owing to the building of
the Canadian Facific Railroad he returned to Vancouver. He then opened
his store on the same street on which he is now located, and he has a large
BRITISH COLUMBIA 659
and successful business. He built his present store, ninety by one hundred
and thirty-two feet, and in it he carries a full and complete line of men's
furnishing goods, carefully selected. He is the pioneer clothing merchant .
of this place and has met with gratifying success not only in his mercantile
efforts, but also through his investment in city property, which, owing to the
rapid growth of the town, has increased greatly in its valuation. He is
now one of the most prosperous citizens of Vancouver and well does he merit
the success that has come to him, for in early years he suffered many hard-
ships and difficulties in his attempt to gain a good start in business and by
his perseverance and energy he has overcome the difficulties in his path.
In 1890 Mr. Clark was married to Miss Frances Gilmore and they have
two sons, Robert James and Cuthbert Norm.an, both born in Vancouver.
The parents are Presbyterians in religious faith and Mr. Clark assisted in
building the First Presbyterian church in this city. He has always been
deeply interested in the moral and intellectual development of Vancouver
and has also contributed to its substantial upbuilding. He was one of the
originators of the movement to open the Vancouver city wharf and he has
made a good record as a citizen and business man. In the years 1887, 1888
and 1889 li^ served as a member of the city council, being elected without
asking any man for his vote, and he stood at the head of the poll. He is «
member of the Caledonia Society, was the second president and is also a
member of the Sons of Scotland, of which he was the first chief. He is still
an active and valued representative of these orders and he belongs to the
Knights of Pythias fraternity, in which he has passed all the chairs and has
been grand keeper of the record and seals for two terms. His has been
an eventful career in that he has been closely associated with the pioneer
development of the northwest and what he has accomplished should serve to
inspire and encourage others who in business life have had to start out with-
out capital, as he did.
COLONEL FALKLAND GEORGE EDGEWORTH WARREN,
R. A., C. M. G.
Colonel Falkland G. E. Warren, C. M. G., late Royal Artillery, was
born in Dublin, Ireland, on the i6th of June, 1834. His father. Lieutenant
Dawson Warren, Royal Artillery, was the sixth in descent from Sir Edmund
Verney of Penley, Bucks, England, who was sheriff of Bucks in 1582, one of
the' five captains appointed to command "The Masters of the County" at
the time of the Spanish Armada, and whose son Sir Edmund Verney, of
Middle Claydon (of Bucks), was slain at the battle of Edgehill on the 23d
060 BRITISH COLUMBIA
of October. 1642. while l^aring, as knight marshal, the Royal Standard of
King- Charles I.
Lieutenant Dawson Warren left two other sons, the eldest of whom,
General Dawson Warren, C. B., is still living. The second son, William, of
the Twentieth Regiment Bombay Infantry, was killed at the storming of
Reshire in Persia in 1856 in the twenty-fourth year of his age.
Colonel Falkland Warren was educated at the Royal Military Academy,
Woolwich, and obtained his commission in the Royal Artillery in 1852.
His first foreign service was at Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1853-54. On pro-
motion to first lieutenancy he proceeded to England, and in 1857 went to
Hong Kong on the outbreak of war with China. The troops sent upon this
expedition were directed to India to assist in the suppression of the great
Indian mutiny. The artillery, to which Lieutenant Warren belonged, reached
Calcutta in September, 1857, and were at once dispatched ta the front.
Colonel Warren's services during these operations embraced the following
battles and engagements: The Relief of Lucknow, under General Sir Colin
Campbell, in November; the battle of Cawnpore, in December, 1857. In
the expedition under General Sir Hope Grant to Fatteghur and the storm-
ing of Meagunge, Lieutenant Warren commanded the heavy battery, men-
tioned in dispatches. "In the space of fifty minutes the two heavy guns
made a practicable breach. Lieutenant Warren, commanding the heavy
gims, deserves great praise for the speedy and effective manner the wall was
breached." (London Gazette, 25 May, 1858.) The siege and capture of
Lucknow, mentioned in dispatches of Brigadier-General George Barker, com-
manding Royal Artillery : "Lieutenant Warren with a detachment of the
Royal Artillery accompanied the infantry into the Kaiser Bagh and turned
two of the enemy's gims upon them with good effect." Also mentioned in
dispatches of H. E. the Commander-in-Chief, London Gazette, 28th of May,
1858. Served in the subsequent operations of the capture of the Morsa Bagh
and Moulvie's Mosque under Sir James Outram.
Throughout the hot weather campaigns in Onde under General Sir Hope
Grant, including the action of Bari, the destruction of the fortress of Doondia-
Kerch, the action at Simri, the occupation of Fyzabad and the passage of
the Goomtee at Sultanpore, mentioned in dispatches, London Gazette, 31st
of January, 1859. He served through the campaigns in Onde in 1859, the
capture of the fortresses of Amethie and Shunkerpore, the taking of 'the
forts Rehora and Koelee. Next served in the Trans-Gogra campaign, includ-
ing the affair of Cherorda, and capture of Fort Mudjidia; at the latter place
BRITISH COLUMBIA 661
commanded the mortar battery. For these services he received the Indian
mutiny medal and two clasps.
Lieutenant Warren was promoted to a captaincy in 1859 and shortly
after appointed deputy assistant quartermaster general to the Royal Artil-
lery in Bengal, which appointment he held until it was abolished in 1862.
In that year he took part in the operations against the frontier tribes of
the northwest of India, in 1862-63 at the Umbeyla Pass, including the storm-
ing of the Conical Hill, the capture of Lalloo and battle on the plains of
ChimJa. (Mentioned in dispatches of Brigadier-General Sir W. Turner.)
For this campaign he received the Indian frontier war medal and one clasp.
Captain Warren's next war services were in the Bhootan war of 1864-65,
when he was present at the occupation of Bissen Sing, the forcing of the
Bala Pass, the capture of the stockades at Tassagong, and forcing of the
Pass at Buxar. For this campaign he received a clasp to the Indian frontier
war medal; and was invalided to England. Captain Warren was appointed
to the Royal Horse Artillery in 1867; promoted to first captain in 1869, to
major in 1872; appointed to the Royal Horse Artillery ("B" battery) in
1873; promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1877.
In 1878 Colonel Falkland Warren took service under the foreign office, as
the effect of an army warrant would remove him from full pay in the army
at the expiration of a few years. His civil service began as assistant com-
missioner of Lamica, Cyprus; he was shortly advanced to commissioner
of Limasol, and in 1879 was appointed by the Queen chief secretary to the
government of Cyprus, which position he held until his retirement in 1890.
His civil service was declared by the secretary of state for war to count as
regimental employment towards pay and military pension. In 1881 he was
promoted to full colonelcy and made a companion of the Most Distinguished
Order of St. Michael and St. George. On the i6th of June, 1889, he was
placed on retired military pay, having completed his fifty-fifth year of age.
In 1900 Her Majesty Queen Victoria was graciously pleased to award him
a pension for distinguished and meritorious service.
Colonel Falkland Warren married in i860, at the Cathedral, Calcutta.
Bengal, Annie Matilda, the daughter of Lieutenant I. Victor, of the Royal
Navy, an officer who had seen much service and suffered several years' im-
prisonment in France during the Napoleonic wars, and has had the following
I.- Elizabeth Mary Fitzmaurice, born 1861 ; married Lieutenant James
Bor, R. M. A., died 1882.
11. Annie Evelyn, born 1865; died 1867.
662 BRITISH COLUMBIA
III. Falkland Fitzmaurice, torn 1867; served during the Rebellion in
Canada of 1886 — medal and clasp; the South African war with the Strath-
cona Horse, medal and clasps. Married, in 1887, Edith Coe, and has issue:
Herbert Ernest Falkland, born 1888, and Gundren Y. Falkland, born 1891.
IV. Edith, married, 1898, to Charles T. Loewen, and has issue: Eva
Maud, born 1899, and Charles Falkland, born 1900.
V. Maud, married, 1895, to Cecil Smith.
VI. Victor Mackenzie, born 1874, married Rosalind Campion, and has
issue: Victor Verney, born 1904.
VII. William Arthur Algernon, born 1876, married Victoria Louise
Downey (died, 1903), and has issue: Louise Verney, born 1903.
Colonel Falkland Warren came to British Columbia with his entire
family in 1893. He and his sons took up land near Grande Prairie, and in
1897 he moved to and built his present residence at 911 Nicola street, Van-
Alexander Eavcu, known throughout British Columbia as one of the
foremost salmon packers of the province, has the distinction of being the pio-
neer in the salmon fishing industry in British Columbia, having been actively
concerned in this line of industry for over forty years. He has been a leading
factor in the development of the salmon business to its present mammoth pro-
portions in the northwest, and after carrying it on for years as an active pro-
prietor has recently entered into the consolidation of these interests in the
Fraser river valley, being now president of the British Columbia Packers As-
Mr. Ewen's career is a record of " early and late " diligence, persevering
application to his chosen line of work, and able business management as his
interests have expanded and his success increased. Born in Aberdeen, Scot-
land, in 1832, he was a son of George and Elizabeth (Shepherd) Ewen, both
natives of Scotland. His father was a lifelong fisherman, being among the
first to use the trap system in Scotland. After a brief and intermittent educa-
tion in the common schools of Aberdeen, Alexander went into the business
followed by his father, having got his first experience in the work when he
was but seven years old. The first thirty years of his life were spent in Scot-
land as an active fisherman, and in 1863 he emigrated to British Columbia and
located at New Westminster at a time when the surrounding country was very
wild and with little progress made in industry or civic development. He at
once continued his work of fishing, in those first years finding a market for
(I .VI I', u
BRITISH COLUMBIA 663
his catch in the Sandwich Islands and Austrah'a, and later in Great Britain.
Shipping facilities were then limited, and home trade was scarcely developed
Mr. Ewen first began packing salmon in 1870, and from a very small
enterprise in that year he continued to expand it from year to year to a concern
of large and profitable extent. The output from his establishment in 1870
was about three hundred cases, while in 1902 — the year in which he disposed
of his interests to the Association — he was packing annually from fifteen to
forty-five thousand cases. At the same time he was interested in two other
canneries, the combined output of which went as high as one hundred thousand
cases per season. In 1902 occurred the general consolidation of the different
canning companies operating on the Fraser river, and he was made president
of the British Columbia Packers Association and has large stock in the cor-
poration. Mr. Ewen also has extensive farming interests in the province,
owning three estates in the Fraser valley, and has considerable mining and
railroad property. Politically he has supported the Liberal party, but has
never been attracted by the honors of any public office.
In 1876 Mr. Ewen married Miss Mary Rogers, a native of Ontario, and
a daughter of old settlers in the Dominion. Mr. and Mrs. Ewen have three
children, all daughters : Adelaide, wife of John Jardine, of New Westmin-
ster; Isabella and Alexandria. Fraternally Mr. Ewen is a member of the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows.
JAMES ARCHIBALD McNAIR.
Honored and respected by all, there is no man who occupies a more
prominent or enviable position in industrial or financial circles than James
Archibald McNair, the president and general manager of the Hastings
Shingle Manufacturing Company, Limited. This splendid enterprise, prov-
ing of marked value to the city of Vancouver through the promotion of its
commercial prosperity, is largely a monument to his enterprise, business
foresight and capacity. His celerity of mental action has always enabled
him to clearly understand a business situation and recognize a business pos-
sibility, and his keen discernment and unflagging enterprise have constituted
salient features in his success.
Mr. McNair was born in Restigouche county, New Brunswick, on the
nth of August, 1865. In the maternal as well as the paternal line he comes
of Scotch ancestry. His father, Nathaniel McNair, was born in Campbell-
town, Ayrshire, Scotland, and when a young man emigrated to New Bruns-
wick. He was married there to Miss Martha Archibald, a native of his own
664 BRITISH COLUMBIA
country, who went with her parents to New Brunswick when she was but
four years of age, being there reared and educated. Mr. McNair was a
farmer and lumberman, carrying on business along both lines. They ad-