and was quite well known as a clever
actress. From Cleveland she went to
Louisville, where she had an engagement
in Wood's Theatre. Here, by her intima-
cy with certain rebel officers, she incurred
the suspicion of being a secessionist, and
was arrested by the Federal authorities.
She indignantly denied that she was dis-
loyal, although bom at the South, and
having a brother in a secession Mississippi
In order to test her love for the old
BUM Pauline Cnghman.
flag, she was asked if she would enter the
secret service of the government. She
readily consented, and was at once em-
ployed to carry letters between Louisville
and Nashville. She was subsequently
employed by Greneral Bosecrans, and was
for many months with the army of the
Cumberland. She visited the enemy's
lines time after time, and was thoroughly
acquainted with all the country and roads
in Tennessee, Northern Georgia, Alabama
and Mississippi, in which sections she ren-
dered the Federal armies invaluable ser-
Twice was she suspected of bemg a spy,
and taken prisoner, but managed to escape.
At last, however, she was not so fortunate.
After the Union forces had captured
Nashville, Miyor Cushman made a scout
towards Shelbyville, to obtain information
of the strength and position of the enemy,
and while returning to Nashville, was
THE BOOK OF ANECDOTES OF THE REBELLION.
captnred eleven mfles from that city. She
was placed on a horse, and, in charge of
two scouts, was being taken to Spring Hill,
the head-quarters of Forrest While thus
on her way to that place, she feigned sick-
ness and said she could not travel any
further without falling from her horse.
Her captors stopped at a house on the
roadside, when it was ascertained that a
Federal scouting party had passed the
place an hour before. Knowing that her
guards had important papers for Greneral
Bragg, the quick-witted spy seized the
&ct and schemed to use it to her ad-
Seeing an old negro, who appeared to
commiserate her unfortunate plight, she
watched her opportunity and placed ten
dollars of Tennessee money m his hand,
" Run up the road, * Unde,' and come
back in a f^w minutes, telling us that four
hundred Federab are coming down the
The faithful negro obeyed the order
literally, and soon came back in the great-
est excitement, telling the story. The two
' rebs ' told him he lied. The old colored
man got down imploringly upon his knees,
<< O Massa, de/s onnin, sure nuff ; de
Lord help us, dey is comin.**
The scouts at this believed hb story,
mounted their horses, and ^skedaddled'
for the woods. Miss Cushman, seizing a
pistol belonging to' a wounded soldier in
the house, also mounted her horse and fled
towards Franklin. She traveled through
the rain, and, after ni^t&ll, lost her way.
Soon cam^ the challenge of a picket,
" Who comes there ? " Thinking she had
reached the enemy's line she said, "A
friend of Jeff. Davis." "All right," was
the reply, " advance and give the counter-
She presented the countersign in the
shape of a canteen of whiskey. She pass-
ed five pickets in this way, but the sixth
and last was obdurate. She pleaded that
she was going to see a sick uncle at Frank-
lin, but the sentry * couldn't see it.' Sick
and disheartened she turned Imck. See-
ing a light at a hrm house she sought
shelter. An old man received her kindly,
showed her a room, and said he would
awake her at an early hour in the morn-
ing, and show her the road to Franklin.
A loud knock awoke her in the morn-
ing from her lethean slumbers, and upon
arousing, she found her horse saddled and
the two guards from whom ehe had escap-
ed the previous afternoon! She was
taken to the head-quarters of Forrest, and,
after a critical examination, he sent her to
General Bragg. Nothing could be found
against her, until a secession woman stole
her gaiters, under the inner sole of which
were found important documents which
clearly proved her to be a spy. She was
tried and condemed to be executed as such,
but being sick, her execution was post-
poned. She finally, after lying in prison
6ome three months, sent for General
Bragg, and asked him if he had no mercy.
She received from him the comforting as-
surance that he should make an example
of her, and that he should hang her as
soon as she got well enough to be hung
While in this state of suspense, the
grand army of Rosecrans commenced its
forward movement, and one fine day the
secession town where she was imprisoned,
was surprised and captured, and the hero-
ine of this tale was to her great joy re-
Family Swords not to be Exempted.
An order was issued by General But-
ler, when in New Orleans, for the surren-
der of certain private arms held by seces-
sionists. In one house it was said they
had been secreted and not surrendered.
It was the house of a lady. She was
wealthy and in high social position. But
she was summoned to give account Her
story was simple and lady-like, and had a
touch of sentiment about it whidi would
DOMESTIC, WOMANLY, HOSPITAL, PRISON, ETC.
show her praiseworthy rather, and not to
be blamed for not presenting arms accord-
ing to order. She was a gentlewoman, a
lady in fact of the " uppermost seats " and
was unused to the ways of men. The
arms had been hid — ^but the truth of the
matter was, there was among them a sword
— a valuable sword — a family 8\>ord. It
had a great value from its associations —
and it was really to
keep that safe, which
was a household jew-
el, that the error had
been committed, and i
not to keep or secrete
the other arms.
They were of no ac-
count and should of
course be given up.
This was a very'i)ret-
ty story, but som-
thing excited that K
aFs suspicions, and^
he said to her, em-
phatically, that the
sword must be pro-
duced, and he should
retain her until it was done. Whereupon
her friends, as the only alternative now re-
maining, interfered, and it soon appeared
that there was no sword anywhere. It
was a pure fabrication — an artful lie. But
it would have been held a good joke if the
Yankee lawyer, keen-scented and acute,
had been outwitted by a woman !
i Dow, a Federal captive. An introduction
j took place, when Morgan observed, with
one of those inimitable smiles for which he
was so noted,
" General Dow, I am very happy to see
you here ; or rather, I should say, since
you are here, I am happy to see you look-
ing so well."
DoVs natural astuteness and Yankee
Interview at ''the Lfbby " between Morgan
the Querrilla Chieftain and Neal Dow.
According to the statements in the Con-
federate journals, General Morgan, the
guerrilla chieftain, after his escape from
the Columbus penitentiary, went to Rich-
mond, Virginia, and visited the Libby
prison. On arriving up stairs, where the
Federal prisoners * most did congregate,'
he was immediately conducted into the
presence of the author of the ^ Maine
Liquor Law/ Brigadier Greneral Neal
libby PriiOD, Richmond.
ingenuity came to his aid, and he quietly
replied, without apparent embarrassment,
** General Morgan, I congratulate you
on your escape ; I cannot say that I am
glad you did escape ; but since you did, I
am glad to see you here."
The conversation then became general
between the two.
Znataaoe of Loyalty in Virginia.
Private Job H. Wells, of Company C,
was lost in the confusion of the troops at
the battle of Bull Run. He got into the
woods, and soon after the moon was shut
in by a cloud. He wandered till he came
to a rye-field, where he encamped for the
night. Tired and exhausted, he soon fell
asleep, but awoke in the morning cold and
hungry. He determined to make for a
house he saw at' a distance, and ri^k the
consequences. He dragged his weary,
THE BOOK OF ANECDOTES OF THE REBELLION.
Stiffened limbs along, in a terrible uncer-
tainty as to the reception he should meet
Arriving at the house and entering, he
was heartily welcomed by the lady occu-
pant, who gave him a sofa to rest upon,
and in the mean time directed her servants
to prepare breakfast. The table was hb-
erally supplied, and the stranger told to
be seated. The lady was a firm Union-
ist and declared that the National troops
were welcome to whatever she had. She
said that on the march out, some of the
troops stopped at her place and took sev-
eral ducks ; these she cared nothing about,
and if they had taken much more they
iDBtance of Loyalty in Vizi^nia.
would have been welcome. If they had
not broken up her sitting hens, she would
not have said a word. The good lady did
not like to lose her next year's flock.
Soon after breakfast, a troop of seces-
sionista came in sight The lady put Mr.
Wells in a rear room, while she conversed
with some of them. She feigned great
ignorance of what had been going on, and
learned from them the route they' were
going. After they had gone, Mr. Wells
inquired how he was to get away. " That
is easy enough," replied the matron ; "trust
to me." She ordered one of her servants
to saddle a horse and bring it to the door.
She then brought out a long overcoat, and
told him to put it on. The pockets were
liberally supplied with delicacies to serve
him on the way. The hori?e was brought
to the door, when the lady told Mr. Wells
that the horse was at his service, and
would safely carry him through. Said
" Take the horse, and go to Washing-
ton. You may leave him with my son,"
(giving his name and residence) " and if a
secessionist meets you, shoot him ; if there
is more than one, shoot the first, and trust
to the horse for the other, for he will soon
carry you out of danger."
Mr. Wells mounted the horse, and safe-
ly reached Washington. He left the horse
as directed, and was welcomed by the son
as he had been by the mother. While
Mr. Wells was waiting, a Unionist of the
vicinity came into the house, and said he
was about to leave for Washington ; that
he had sent his family over, and had staid
behind to see if it was possible to save
anytliing. The lady asked him if he had
any money. He said he had not She
(hen went up stairs, and retumhig wiih a
purae of silver, gave it to the gentleman,
** Take this ; you may as well have it
as the secessionists. They have already
divided my property, and apportioned it
among themselves ; but the first man that
makes the attempt to carry tliat out, I
Amotmi of a New 0rl6«na Sz-Jndffe.
Greneral Butler, in pursuance of his sys-
tem of redressing the wrong;* of Union
men, seized the large estates of Judge
C ^ of Louisiana, and held them for
the future liquidation of a chiim held
against C by Major Robert Ander-
son, but which C had personally writ-
ten to Major A. his intention to repudiate
for political reasons. Now, justly think-
DOMESTIC, WOMANLY, HOSPITAL, PRISON, ETC.
ing that New Orleans, under the rule of
G^eral Butler, was no fit place for him
to reside in, vanished soon after into the
congenial shades of Secessia.
A few days after his departure, a young
woman sought an interview with Mrs.
Butler, to whom many women came at
that time, to relate the story of personal
wrongs. So many women, indeed, resort-
ed to her for that purpose, that at length
it was found necessary to dose that door
to the commanding general's attention.
The young woman who came to her on
this occasion was a perfect blonde, her hair
of a light shade of brown, her eyes ^ clear
honest gray,* her complexion remarkably
pure and delicate, her bearing modest and
refined, her language that of an educated
woman. It has been often remarked that
the women of the South, who have been
made the victims of a master's brutal lust,
escape moiul contamination. Their souls
remain chaste. This woman, so fair to
look upon, so engaging in her demeanor,
so refined in her address, was a slave, the
slave of Judge C . She told her in-
credible story — incredible until her super-
abundant testimony compelled the most
incredulous to believe.
She said that Judge C was her
&ther as well as her master. At an early
age she had been sent to school in New
York, the school of the Mechanics' Insti-
tute, in Broadway. When she was fif-
teen years of age, her father came to
New York, took her from school to his
hotel, and compelled her to live with him
as his mistress. She became the mother
of a child, of whom her master was &ther
^ I am now twenty-one," said she, "and
I am the mother of a boy five years old,
who is my father's son."
The Judge took ^er home with him to
New Orleans, where he continued to live
with her for awhile ; then ordered her to
marry a favorite protrg?. She refiised.
He had her horsewhipped in the streets.
and continued a systematic torture till she
consented. When she had been married
some time, the prot gl — a man so nearly
white, that he was employed as chief
clerk in a wholesale house — discovered
the shameless cheat that had been put
upon him, and abandoned his wife. Then
the master took her again to his incestu-
ous bed, and gave her a deed of manu-
mission, which h€ afterward took from
her and destroyed.
"And now," she added, " he has gone
off, and left me and my children without
any means of support."
Mrs. Butler, amazed and confounded at
this tale of horror, procured her an intel>
view with the General, to whom the story
was repeated. He spoke kindly to her,
but told her frankly that he could not be-
lieve the story.
•* It is too much," said he, " to believe
on the testimony of one witness. Does
any one else know of these things ? "
" Yes," she replied, " everybody in New
Orleans knows them."
"I will have the case investigated,"
said the General ; " come again in three
General Shipley undertook the investi-
gation. He found that the woman's story
was as true as it was notorious. The
facts were completely substantiated. Gen-
eral Butler gave her her freedom, and as-
signed her an allowance fr6m her Other's
estate; and, some time after, Captain
Puffer, during his short tenure of power
as deputy provost marshal, gave her one
of the best of her father's houses to live
in, by letting apartments in which she ad-
ded to her income.
Mr. Parton, in giving the above narra-
tive says : It is now a year since the out-
line of this story was first published to
the world, but no attempt has been made,
firom any quarter, to controvert any part
of it And, it may be added, that Mr.
Parton is not the man to make or repeat
questionable statements with his pen.
THE BOOK OF ANECDOTES OF THE REBELLION.
ICr. and M». Grant.
It is one of the misfortones of great
personages that they must be talked about,
and, — in this free country, — not always
with the reverence paid to the Grand La-
ma. While General Grant was receiving
the highest honors which a country grate-
ful for his accumulated victories could
shower upon him, Mrs. Grant showed her-
self \o be a plain, sensible, quiet woman,
who took the world as a matter of course.
Some friends were talking, in her compa-
ny, of the great responsibility of General
Grant's position, and made some remarks
tending to awaken any expression of am-
bition dormant in her woman's heart
No returns I She said,
"Mr. Grant," (so she always called
him,) " had succeeded below, and when he
was called to this position, he thought it
was his duty to try what he could do."
The hope was then expressed that he
would succeed, and that he would take
" But he is Lieutenant-Greneral."
'^ Yes, but when a man can be elected
President, it must be a strong tempta-
"I don't know. There have never
been but two Lieutenant-Generals of the
United States, General Washington and
General Scott. There have been a num-
ber of Presidents, for instance, such men
as and ."
Mrs. Grant was pretty unanimously
chalked down as a sensible woman, and
Mr. Grant was allowed to be an " obstinate
MrH Gca. Qmnt
« Well, I don't know. I think he may
— ^Mr. Grant always was a very obstinate
man." (Nobody learns that trait of char-
acter sooner than a wife.)
Some conversation also took place with
regard to the ensuing presidential term :
"If General Grant succeeds, he may
want to be President"
Improvinflr on Acquaintance.
Some of the soldiers belonging to a
Rhode Island Regiment in Maryland,
wandered off one day to a farm-house,
and commenced conversation with a wo-
man, who was greatly frightened. They
tried in vain to quiet her apprehensions.
They asked for fb:>d, and she cried, " Oh,
take all I have, take every thing, but
spare my sick husband." " Oh," said one
of the men, " we ain't going to hurt you ;
we want something to eat" But the wo-
man persisted in being frightened, in spite
of all efforts to reassure her, and hurried
whatever food she. had on the table.
When, however, she saw this company
stand about the table with bared head-,
and a tall, gaunt man raise his hand ard
invoke God's blessing on the bounties
spread before them, the good woman
broke down with a fit of sobbing and cry-
ing. She had no longer any fears, but
bade them wait, and in a few moments
had. made hot coffee in abundance. She
then emptied their canteens of the muddy
water they contained, and filled them with
coffee. Her astonishment increased w^Les
they insisted upon paying her.
Boaecnma' Orderly Sergreant Delivered of a
Baby in Oamp.
The following order, as unique in its
way as any that the war gave rise to, can
be best explained — if any further expla-
DOMESTIC, WOMANLY, HOSPITAL, PRISON, ETC.
nation be needed — hj Major-General Ro-
** Head-Quarters Department op
THE Cumberland, April 17th, 1863.
" General : — The general command-
ing directs me to call your attention to a
flagrant outrage committed in your com-
mand, — a person having been admitted
inside your lines, without a pass and in
violation of orders. The case is one
which calls for your personal attention,
and the general commanding directs that
you deal with the offending party or par-
ties according to law.
The medical director reports that an
orderly-sergeant in Bri^uiier- General
's division •M?/!* to-day delivered of a
hcibyy — which is in violation of all military
law and of the army regulations. No
such case has been known smce the days
You will apply the proper punishment
in this case, and a remedy to prevent a
repetition of the act."
For the most complete, brilliant, and
authentic narrative of the war and its
scenes, in the above-named department,
the "Annals of the Army of the Cum-
berland ** must be allowed to be unsur-
passed. No volume which the war has
called forth, does greater honor to the
talents of its author, and no soldier who
served in its gallant ranks can well de-
prive himself of such a storehouse of the
annab so memorable in national and per-
sonal history. A brave army, a popular
general, and a magnificent corps of offi-
cers, well deserve commemoration, such as
the "Annals, by John Fitch, " gives them.
Home Soena in tiie Cradle of Bebelllon.
A member of one of the Charleston,
(S. C.) companies, on leave of absence in
the city, received a summons to appear at
his post on Sullivan's Island, on one of the
nights when the air was rife with the most
startling rumors of the coming of an over-
whehning Federal fleet With cheerful
promptitude the brave soldier prepared to
obey the imperative calj. He was a hufs-
band, and the father of a blue-eyed little
girl, who had just begun to put words to-
gether. After the preparation for th«3
camp had been made, the soldier nerved
himself for the good-bye. Those present
thought that the wife felt the parting les-*
than the husband. Lively words flowed
fast, and her fair face was as bright and
calm as a morning in May. Her heart
seemed to be full of gladness.
She cheered him with pleasant earnest-
ness to show himself a man, and running
on in a gleeful strain, admonished him not
to come back if he were shot in the back.
"With incredible fortitude she bade her
child tell papa good-bye, and to say to
him that she would not own him her father
if he proved to be a coward. The echo
of the soldier's footfall through the corri-
|dor had hardly passed away, when a
ghastly palor was seen spreading over the
lady's face. In a voice weak and husky
she begged a friend to take her child, and
before she could be supported she fell
from her chair prostrate on the floor.
By a tremendous efibrt the noble wo-
man — still loyal at heart, perhaps, to the
glorious flag her husband had been sum-
moned to outrage — had controlled her
feelings ; but nature and conscience could
bear the strain no longer, and she fainted.
The swoon was deep, and it was some-
time before consciousness returned. At
length she opened her eyes languidly, and
looked around upon the sympathizing
group, and in a tremulous voice inquired
if she had fainted before her husband left
the room. Comment is unnecessary.
Bread Oaat TTpon the Waters.
A Southern fugitive, colored, who
had, by good fortune, arrived in Boston,
from Baltimore, was one day passing
through the Doric Hall, at the State
House, when he recognized one of the
Massachusetts soldiers who was wounded
on the 10th of April, in Balthnore, and at
once accosted him, inquiring after his
THE BOOK OF ANECDOTES OF THE REBELLION.
health, and asking nim if he did not know
him. The soldier did not at first remem-
ber his face, when the fugitive asked him
if he did not remember a colored man
bringing him water to drink, and rags to
bmd up his wounds, wliile he lay wounded
in the street He replied that he did, and
at once recognized his Good Samaritan in
the person of the fugitive. The peculiar
circumstances of the case made the inter-
view deeply touching. It so happened
that the fugitive had a wife and two chil-
dren, and when the Massachusetts soldiers
fell wounded in the streets of Baltimore,
the fugitive's wife tore up her clothes to
make rags to stanch the flow of blood.
These rags she threw out of the window
in her master's house, when her husband
gathered them up and carried them to the
Looking out for Hospital Aooominodations.
Before the Federal capture of Atlanta,
Greorgia, some of the inhabitants had the
idea that no Union army would ever be
able to take the city. One of these, a
lady, Mrs. Zimmerman, afterward stated
that she felt perfectly secure from the
hands of the Yankees until the night of
the evacuation, when, perfectly astonished
at the change of things, she asked the
Confederate General, Oglesby, how she
should act in order to be safe from insult.
He answered, ^ Keep your mouth shut,
and they will not harm you." She acted
upon this advice, until one of the Union
surgeons politely informed her that her
large, commodious mansion was needed as
a hospital, and he would find her a smaller
one, which would just as well answer her
purpose. Her pent-up indignation now
found vent in her answer that she would
prefer remaining in her own house. But
she afterward respected the kindness re-
ceived from the hands of the Union
Soldiery, and while she took the benefit
of Sherman's ' depopulating ' order, and
went South, that she might be near her
husbandy (a quartermastec in the Confed-
erate army,) the surgeon complaisantly
told her, if she made her residence in
Montgomery, Alabama, to select a house
suitable for hospital purposes, as he would
do himself the &vor to call upon her
Soldiers' Qflteinir at the OniTe of WmMhing*
Some Massachusetts soldiers staticmed
at Yonkers, New York, went up the river
to Tarrytown, and looked at the monu-
ment to Andre. Thence they visited the
cemetery where repose the remains of the
peaceful Washington Irving. A hedge is
around the burial-plat Eleven full length
graves are in a row — finther, mother,
brothers, and sisters. One •of the st(»ies
is lettered, " Washington, son of Wil-
liam and Sarah S. Irving, died Nov. 29,
1859, aged 76 years, 8 months, and 25
days." The soldiers laid each a bunch of
roses upon this grave, and a wreath of