Rafael Seijas.

Venezuela-British Guiana boundary arbitration. Digest of evidence arranged according to subjects online

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According to a Report I have received from the said Captain Felipe de Santiago
... he gave the Indians the necessary warning-. Same, p. 12.

1596. Venezuelan Case.

Keymis . . . says . . . "It was long time before wee could procure
them [Indians] to come neere vs, for they doubted least wee were Spanish."

... he adds that the Indian Chief informed him that the Arwacas " doe
for the most part serue and follow the Spanyards." V. C, 46.

1604. J. Maldonado Barnuevo.

The Indians and half-breeds are an abandoned people, and as to their
being Christians and frequenting the churches and sacraments— most of them
do so more from force than from duty, being compelled by those who govern
them, and by the clergy who go to instruct them. B. C.-C, App., j.

1733. Father Bernardo Rotella.

Araguacare, Lieutenaut-Oeneral of tlie Carib Tribe, resident on this Orinoco,
having got and obtained . . . permission issued by the Lieutenant-General
... of this province, Don Antonio de Robles, with the signature of the Sec-
retary of State, Angel Francisco Sanabria, in which his Lordship commanded that
no person . . . should dare to hinder ... the said Araguacare in his
journey for trade in slaves, . . . and that the said Araguacare was an Indian
very loyal to his fliajesty's Crown. . . . This letter was obtained surrepti-
tiously and by fraud, saying (as I believe) that he was going to purchase slaves,
while his object was simply to kill and destroy the tribes of this Orinoco and
steal their property and children for sale to the Dutch and French.

Same, p. 164.



INDIANS. 327

RELATIONS TO THE SPANISH AS SUBJECTS-RECOGNITION OF
THE SPANISH AS MASTERS-iContinged).

1733. Father Bernardo Rotella.

Araguacare seized a little daughter of Captain Don Juan Vrayari to carry her
off, but when Vrayari threatened him with tlie Fathers and the Lieutenant of
Gnayana lie relinquished her and gave Vrayari a guayuco [girdle] to say noth-
ing to the whites. B. C.-C, App., i6j.

1755. Don Jose de Iturriaga.

They [Caribs] are afraid of the Missions, and dread bein^ discovered,

especially by the Pariagota tribe, their enemies.

This statement is general as regards the Caribs of the Orinoco.

B. C, II, log.

1758. Prefect of Missions.

The Caribs of Mianio have very often told the Father that he ought to
allow them to go and seize or kill the Dutch at the mouth of the Corumo, who

had a large quantity of articles for the purchase of slaves. The Barinagotos of
the Yuruary say the same. Same, p. 14.6.

1758. Fray Benito de la Garriga.

The Varinagotos and Guaicas of Father Thomas have returned \-ery discon-
solate from the incursion, for they thought they were s^oina: to kill all their ene-
mies, the Caribs, at once, and with clubs in their hands they wanted to begin
with the first they found, but the Captain did not allow it.

B, C-C, App., 204.

1762. Director-General in Essequibo.

At the time of that occurrence [destruction of Dutch Post on the CuyuniJ
the Caribs were full of courage and ready for all kinds of undertaking ; now
they are all driven away from there and have retired right up into Esse-
quibo. B. C, II, 217.

1763. Don Jose Diguja.

It is extremely difficult for the missionaries to supply these Indian labonr-
ers. They do not leave their villages, except very reluctantly, and when at
the fortress they must be treated with great kindness and without severity, or
else they run away and take refuge in the forests. Only in a few cases do they
come back to their villages, which they easily abandon. And no matter how
good their treatment may be, it is always impossible to keep them at work for
more than eight days. B. C, III, 23-24.

It is probable that they [Indians in the newer Orinoco Missions] would go
back to the woods and carry on a thousand rascalities were it not for fear of
the troops who are at hand to repress disturbances, especially in the villages of
the Caribs, who are by nature haughty and apt to rebel. Same, p. 24.

The Indians [in Missions] are very easily controlled. Same, p. 32.

1773. Government of Trinidad.

This compelled the said Governor to go in person to Guayana, and publish a
proclamation that the Caribs who desired to live in peace under His Majesty's
protection should appear before him, and would be pardoned, but otherwise they
would experience his Royal indignation. Thereupon some of the Chiefs came



328 INDIANS.

RELATIONS TO THE SPANISH AS SUBJECTS-RECOGNITION OF
THE SPANISH AS M ASTERS-(Continued).

forward, among them Araguacare with his adherents, and promised obedience
and fidelity ; and in order to cause it to be obser\'ed by their subjects with
authority, they prayed the said Governor to confer upon him the title of Captain,
and he so conferred it with its insignia. B. C.-C, App., 177.

1777. Augustin Crame (and) Joseph Linares.

When war becomes imminent, another company must be formed with the
Cabre Indians. They manage a gun like Europeans, and are very loyal to our
Sovereign ; . . . their village . . . is in the jurisdiction of Ciudad Real
. . . These Indians are, , . . few in number. B. C, IV, 181-182.

1789. Governor Marmion.

Tlie Indians, being an uncivilized and insubordinate people, lovers of
their independence and liberty, which the enemy would undoubtedly offer so as
to attract them to their side, it is to be feared that they would submit cheerfully
to any change which would enable them to escape the subjection in wliich
the Religious keep them for the purpose of instruction. B. C, V, 111-112.

1794. Postholder in Pomeroon.

September 2, 1794. The son of the Captain Periper, a Carib by nation, came
to the Post ... to ask me for assistance in order to retake his father,
whom the Caribs from the Orinoco had taken and bound all his family.
. . . Tlie Caribs who had taken them were of the Mission of Tnpuqueu,
and the friar who is at that Mission is a Capuchin. Scdiic, p. 1^6.

RELATIONS TO THE SPANISH AS SUBJECTS-OBEDI ENCE TO

SPANIARDS.

1 62 1. City of Santo Thome.

When the native Indians, who are to-day obedient, see the little help and
remedy given, they will say that they have been deceived, and that what was
promised . . . was not carried out, . . . and now knowing . . .
that the rebellious Indians, their companions, have not been reduced, they, too,
will rise and unite with the enemy.

The enemy have now full knowledge of the navigation of the river, [Orinoco]
its entrances and outlets, and the Indians are in their power, whom they have
made to rebel. B. C, 1,30.

1662. Governor of Trinidad.

I endeavoured to pacify . . . the native Indians of that Island of
Trinidad, who were in rebellion, and did not wish to serve the Spaniards. I
carried it out with the few Spaniards of that island and some friendly Indians,
and while receiving those, who, warned by the punishment I intlicted on the bad
ones who were in my power, came and submitted peacefully, and promised to
give service to tlie Spaniards. Sa7ne, p. 134.

1682. Governor of Trinidad and Guiana.

The natives abiding in this island [Trinidad] and in Guayana, all in this
jurisdiction, numbering more than twenty-four thousand, and who communicate
with us and serve us for certain small presents that are given to them.

V. C, //, 26Q-270.



INDIANS. 329

RELATIONS TO THE SPANISH AS SUBJECTS-OBEDIENCE TO
SPANIARDS-(Continued).

1686. Tiburcio de Axpe y Zuiiiga,

The Brazil Indians who are in Trinidad, Margarita and Cumana, and who
came with the Portuguese when they arrived in the year 1666, being strangers
and few in number, have heen and are very obedient, and the same thinjjwill
happen witli the Caribs who may be captured, if they are transported to the said
islands [Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo and Havannah], B. C, I, ig6.

1743. Governor of Guiana.

Before His Honour had appeared Don Juan GfUayurumay, cliief of tlie
Panacuyo nation, with two other chiefs of the same nation, . . . ex-
pressing' . . , his wish to settle at tlie place Cunury, . , . subject to
the teachings of the Capuchin Missionaries . . . and as vassals of H. M. ;
and that for the purpose he has, as a beginning, thirty-three men of arms, . , .
thirty-eight women, twenty-three boys, and sixteen girls, . . . requesting
that he be received under the Royal protection and vassalage, and be granted the
site of Cunury for settlement.

Wherefore, in order to encourage them to settle there, he resolved and ordered
that the said Don Juan Guayurumay be appointed Founding Captain of the said
Cunury settlement. V. C, II, 2S7-288.

1755. Don Eugenio de Alvarado.

I spoke with, the (Iliief Patacon (who formerly lived in the Islands of Ca-
roni, and is now settled with the greater part of his people in the Mission of

Morucuri, founded by Father Joseph de Guardia). B. C, II, no.

1758. Prefect of Missions.

On account of that murder the said Guaicas of the Avechica Mission have
returned again to the forests. There are also Indians of that nation in the Mis-
sions near the Yuruary, and they frequently demand to be allowed to go to avenge
the murder of their people. But the priest of the said Mission ... in-
formed me of these events, and that by his counsels he detained tliem.

Same, p. 14J.

1758. Santiago Bonaldes.

That ... he considered it better to allow the aforementioned Caribs to
return freely of their own accord, as they promised liim they would, and as
they accordingly did. . . . The proof of what he here states is to be found
in the fact that to-day a great part of those Caribs are to be found in the Missions
of the Reverend Capuchins. Same, pp. i^g~i6o,

1763. Don Jose Diguja.

The said Missions are important to the fortress, on account of the provisions
which they supply to it, they are also important on account of the Indians who
do the work, and altliongh they are very slow and not under compulsion, it
is they who do it. These Indians have repaired the fortiiications ; they have
built the fort of San Fernando ; they have made the bricks and the lime necessary
for these works. They also provide the rowers for the vessels which necessarily
have to be fitted out. B. C, III, 2j.



330 INDIANS.

RELATIONS TO THE SPANISH AS SUBJECTS-OBEDIENCE TO
SPANIARDS-lContinued).



J



1777. Augustin Crame [and] Joseph Linares.

When war becomes imminent, another company must be formed with the ,

Ciibre Iiulians. They inanago a gun like Europeans, and are very loyal to ■
our Sovereign. . . . their village . . . is in the jurisdiction of Ciudad
Real. . . . These Indians are . . . few in number. B. C, IV, 181-182.

RELATIONS TO THE SPANISH AS SUBJECTS-SPANISH CLAIM TO
SOVEREIGNTY OVER THEM.

1619. City of Santo Thome.

Governor Don Fernando deBerrio . . . dispatched forty of them [soldiers]
in the year 1619 to the Province of the Aruacas, which the enemy kept and
keeps in rebellion on the sea-coast, to reduce tliem to tlieir former obedience to
your Majesty. Among these Indians there were six of the enemy's ships, trad-
ing and negotiating with them, and doing all in their power to dissuade them
from acknowledging- your Majesty's jurisdiction, and urging them to kill all
the Spaniards of the town. B. C, /, 49-30.

1682. Spanish Council.

In tlic year 1082, ... at the instance of Don Tiburcio de Axpe y
Zuiii



Online LibraryRafael SeijasVenezuela-British Guiana boundary arbitration. Digest of evidence arranged according to subjects → online text (page 39 of 45)