give up the Slave Trade.
That his Excellency and the Court, in consideration of his thus leaving- the
Slave Trade, had promised to distribute to liim and his people annually,
when called for, similar kinds of presents as those then given to him.
That he had faithfully kept his word, . . . and that he consequently
expects to receive the presents promised him and his people. . . .
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The Governor . . . explained to the Chief Manarwan that, he having so
faithfully kept his promise, the Government, on their part, would give him the
presents he and his people had come down for.
His Excellency was of opinion that he could not continue this annual subsidy
without the sanction of His Majesty, that his Excellency therefore would give
him as soon as they would arrive the presents of the year, but that he could not
promise anything further without a sanction from home.
The Chief having expressed his surprise . . . saying Governor Bentinck
and the Court had stated to him that the agreement entered into . . . was
on record, and that provided he (Manarwan) kept his promise he would have no
trouble in obtaining whatever presents had been promised, B. C, F, igg-200.
1 81 3. Estimate of Supplies.
Occasional expenses for Indians visiting the seat of Govern-
ment, or settled near the Posts, and working there G. 12,000 o
This sum wanted to purchase in Europe presents for Indians 12,000 o
Indians, general expenses of 1 20,000 o
B. C.-C, App., 394.
1 81 3. Acting Governor Codd.
I . . . agree with your Lordship on the rule to be observed in g-iving:
presents, which ought to be performed ... by the Governor, instead of
intrusting it to Postholders and inferior Agents. ... I am inclined to
believe that our present system with reg-ard to tlie Indians is extremely
defective. B. C, V, 213.
181 5. Estimates.
Presents to the Indians G. 25,000
PRESENTS TO INDIANS-BY THE BRITISH, THEIR OBJECT AND
1823. William Hilhouse.
No way appears so eligible for the purpose of acquiring and securing a per-
manent and respectable Indian force as the putting a body of them upon per-
manent pay, and forming a company of Indian rangers, with Europeans for
superior officers, and bush-captains for subalterns. The Indians have generally
declared their willingness and consent to such a measure.
The adoption of a measure of this nature will have the effect of attaching the
Indians most strongly to the interest of the Colony. B. C, VI, 28.
The (listribiitiou of Iiuiiau presents should uiuinestionahly be made sub-
servient to this end. It would, indeed, be impossible to explain the utility of
giving these presents without reference to some such service being implied. The
presents to Indians, though having some reference to the occupation of Indian
territory by the whites are at this period better nnderstood as an eqnivalent
for the amity and assistance of onr Indian allies. Same, p. 2g.
The following remarks will be considered as coming from the mouth of an
Indian Captain :
Our presents are of bad quality, and tliey are thrown away, . . . amonarst
tribes not belonging- to the Colony, and amongst people who liave never
helped the whites in trouble, and never will help them. We who live near
the whites, and are ready at every call, receive no more presents than those far
in the interior, and who are never called.
Our Protectors are appointed without reference to any choice of ours, and
when we look up to them for kindness and favour,we receive coldness and contempt.
The assurances we have from time to time received from the Government
of future encouragement and better treatment have passed away like the wind.
Our Postholders we know not, or, knowing them, know no good of them.
Our territory above the Post is taken away from us without remuneration or notice.
Give us arms and ammunition, and we will keep the land of our forefathers
though the savages of Africa be let loose upon us ; and if the whites will help
themselves, we will help them. But give us the means of self-defence, or we must
follow the Caribisce to a happier land beyond the falls. Same, p. 32.
The Dutch in Surinam have paid dearly for their negligence neglecting to
increase the strength and numbers of the Indians so as to secure them the perma-
nent possession of the bush. They are now in consequence obliged to pay a
tribute of no small amount to the free bush negroes to insure an uncer-
tain alliance, and to prevent the open encouragement of desertion to them
from the plantations. Same, p. 33.
I . . . solicit . . . thatapresentof a good quality patent breeched
fowling-piece may be immediately made to the several buck Captains, who
have actually served in the Bush. Same, p. 34.
1 83 1. A. van Ryck de Groot.
I give presents ... to the Indians, they are a retaining fee for their
fidelity and friendship, ... the Indians consider them as presents to them
as friends and allies, not as subjects. Same, p. 41.
PRESENTS TO INDIANS-BY THE BRITISH, THEIR OBJECT AND
1834. George Bagot.
As the . . . Warrow Indians appear impressed with a strong suspicion
that the Indian Hendrick came unfairly by his death, and the family of the de-
ceased may feel themselves bound to revenge it unless some compensation be
made, I would recoiiimeiul some small present should be ottered them, on
condition of their giving up the feud ; otherwise, I apprehend, from the cus-
toms of these people, there will be bloodshed, and, if once begun, it is hard to
say where it may end. B.C., VI, jS-jp.
1838. Governor Light.
We made them [Indians] presents. . . . Their influence brought much
larger numbers of Indians than at present are ivithin our borders. . . .
if some equally powerful motive were presented they would again appear.
Same, p. 6j.
1841. W. C. McClintock, Superintendent of Rivers and Creeks.
There are but two places within the districts Nos. 1 and 2 where Indian
children are educated, and unfortunately both of those places are situated on the
Arabian Coast, so that district No. i, or Pomeroou is totally neglected, al-
thougli tlie . . . Court granted about two years ago 10,000 dollars for
the benefit of Indians, Spanish Mission St, Roses ... in the Upper
Morocco [not included]. Same, p. 106.
PRESENTS TO INDIANS-BY THE BRITISH, TO INDIANS OUTSIDE
1804. Court of Policy.
Mr. Mack represented to the Court that he had heard from different quarters
that notwithstanding the measures taken last year by the Court to revive
friendly intercourse with the Indians there still existed a great dissatisfac-
tion, principally among those of the Caraiban nation in the Upper River of
Essequibo, which must undoubtedly be ascribed to this — that by want of timely
notice these Indians have not shared in the distribution of rations, &c., done in
the month of April 1803 ; that in the meanwhile, as is well known, the Caraiban
nations . . . have . . . often proved of the greatest utility, it was
highly necessary that the Colony should secure their assistance in case of
need, and that he therefore suggested to the Court to send a deputation, . . .
to the Upper River of Essequibo, in order to assemble all the Indians that live
there, and then to treat them, and distribute some gunpowder and salt among
Resolved to request Messrs. Mack and Clements along with the Fiscal of
Essequibo, Mr. van der Hoff, Protector of the Indians in Essequibo, ... to
give them [Indians of the Upper Essequibo] a treat, offering them at the same
time some trifling gift of salt and gunpowder, and there to give them such
assurances in the name of the Government as they will think most likely to renew
their attachment to these Colonies. B. C, V, iSj.
1833. Quarterly Return of the Pomeroon Post.
August 25. I in addition to refreshments given to other Indians] Spanish
bucks called and received refreshments. B. C, VI, j/.