Ramn C. Barqun.

The degree of penetration of computer technology in Latin America: a survey online

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APR 9



76





14



Vl^f



/cy



JUN 12 1974



MASSL INST. TECH.

APR 25 74

DBVEY LIBRARY



WORKING PAPER
ALFRED P. SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT



rtiii uiij&sE 3P fc»ENfc:rRAriaN of conpoter

rECHNUuJ;iY U LATIN AMERICA: A SURVEY



RiiBDU Z, 3ari.7^) of all installations have tape
Icit/as, aad those installa tioas that do, average 3.6 drives.
raece are even more ttiat have direct access (primarily disk)
ievuas. rhasa are 65* and average 3.5 drives when they do
hava airact access equipment. There is almost no
talaprocessiu^ bainq loae at present, since only Q% of the
rassoadents answered aositivaly to that question. A typical



PAGE 16

jjtuyater hdJ Deen lustiilea a little ovj ire inherited. Yet, the combination of
jomputers per million lahabitaats and computers per $billion
ot JMP -Jive an aggregate notion of position within a
saectLam jf coaatriss upon which certain notions of
pauatratioii uidy oe Uised. The range of these variables is
seen in Table 7.

Ihers IS ajt very lau^h tiidt is being done in Latin America
Dy wdy or mdnuracturiig computers. The practice has been to
isport the sguipment. The quick obsolescence of many
Jiachnes, with more than three generations in about 25 years
aas Adde ic seem a s^iind decision. As countries move into
tae JN's Operational Level, that is, our Group A nations,
taere is some iutersst in developing certain capabilities in
this drea. Although tiare have been some moves towards this
la both Mexico iad Argentina within the academic
davironmeat, it has only been recently in Brazil that
serious efforts have been commenced to design and

laauuticture their coapiter. Naaed "Patinho Feo" the Ugly

Dactiiag it is tue project ot a group at the Universidad

ie 3do Paulo, and is still a long way from completion.



PAGE 19



(tiKfo)



i'txe cixceptxon tu taa ibove is Cuba. Unable to obtain U.S.
a»ide (joiapateio becdusa ot tha ambargo iaposed on it in 1962,
suki ajt seeing oucn pDssibility of receiving meaningful help
uy Kiy of gjod Qdciwira ani software from the Eastern
iiuiLapadu nations, ^uoa recaived French and Canadian
dssistduce, and comiBen::3i to manufacture their own
laLaujaipater. The aamoars produced so far have been scant,
sjueahere in tae viciiity ot UO. Yet, the fact that a small
aitioa iiJta Cuba nas oaan able to tackle the project sets an
i-utarastiag example tiC the othar countries of the area. The
Juban maautdJ t uriug 3xperiaa-a is still too young to be
jjpiei exactly, and aot all the questions have been
aaiiuaced; out if ttiis country is able to solve its
cumpatdtioual neaas to an acceptable degree and at
cadsondbla cost, then it warrants further studying.



P&GB 20



TABLE a
Mdauicictacers with Computers Installed in Each Country



B
U
S
R








H




*P





E


HA


N


L


EC


E


L


HK


YB



s

I

E



I LA HU B C

EH EL M E

r TD LL

r T L*



U
N





C T
I H
D E



ASOtlNi'INA


X


UJLiViA




ufiASlL


X


CdlLt.


X


-JLUMaiA


X


JJSTA HICA


X


CUBA




UOniNICAN UEP.




e::uad3u




EL SALVADUB




JUATEHALA




tiAiri




dONOUBA:>




aexica


X X


NICAKACiUA


X


panaha




PAbAGUAK




PEBU


X


PUEBT3 aiCO


X X


JBUSUAY




VENEZUELA


X



X
X



X
X
X



XXX
X X

XXX
X X
X X
X

X
X
X
X XX

K

X X X X
X

X X

X X

X X

X X X X
X X

X XX



X

X X
X



X

z



X
X



X
X

z

X



X

X



PAGE 21



TABLE 5



SSNEHAL TABLE OF INSTALLATIONS BY COUNTBY



wDUNrHY


HO.


%


RANK




{(Month) *


■ %


BAN


aitifciNriNA


Ht^b


15. d7


3


2.


,315,100


14.06


3


dULiViA


14


0.4 J


17




30,200


0. 18


18


iiRkSLL


754


26.49


1


5,


,332,300


32.37


1


CdiLE


52


1.33


8




369,200


2.24


8


COLUildlA


86


3.32


7




698,400


4.24


6


>:jsrA fiiCA


29


1.J2


12




123,300


0.72


10


CJBA


4J


1.51


9




-


-


N/A


U3MiLUCAN HEP 3b


1.^3


10




61,300


0.37


14


li^UAJJh


20


0.70


15




46,800


0.28


17


EL :iALVAD'JB


27


0.95


14




83,000


0.50


13


^3JA^EdALA


27


0.95


14




88,200


0.54


12


ilAili





0.)0


20







0.00


20


dUNDUKAS


lb


0.3b


16




52,500


0.32


16


ilEXiJJ


373


20.13


2


3.


,662,800


22.24


2


iUCAriA^iUA


14


0.49


17




53,000


0.32


15


L'^NArlA


23


0.33


13




116,800


0.71


11


fAHA^jJAY


b


0.21


18




11,300


0.07


19


t'EfiU


«7


3.Jb


6




462,400


2.81


7


i^UERTJ HICD


253


B.39


5


1,


,195,110


7.26


5


JciU>iUA I


34


1.19


1 1




161,400


0.98


9


VENE^JELA


302


10.6 1


4


1.


,605,600


9.75


4


***** 2,


,d4b


10J%




16,


,468,710


100%





* Moattiiy reutdi lu U.S. dollars.



PAGE 22



TABLE 6
LitNEfiAL TAdLE 3F INSTALLATIONS BY MANDFACTUHER



rtftNJrAJruaER


NO.


X


RANK


$ (Month) *


X


RAN


lidSlC 4


14


a. 11


10











Beudix


1


O.OJ


15


-


-





liarrouvjiis


2bb


8.96


2


2,260,500


13.73


2


coc


i4


1.19


7


776,000


4.71


3


wiD


40


1.U1


6


-








Cli


2


0.07


12


-


-


-


Data. Gaaaril


1


O.OJ


15


4,200


0.03


8


DfiC


16


0.53


9


-


-





aawiett-Packacd


lb


0.5b


8


2,810


0.02


9


Honayweil-Buii


172


b.0'4


5


312,900


1.90


6


IBil 1


,901


3b. 80


1


11,647,000


70.72


1


i. J 1^


2


U.07


12


-


-


-


i.DcKiii-ea


1


• J . U J


1;>


-


-


-


>■! J L.


^1^


/.UIj


.•1


u '.■ •* , 'j J


4.22


k


jUjiUdliS


4


0. 14


10


90,000


0.55


7


Jt dua. i:,!. LOCt.-ii 2


1


0.03


15


-


-





Uaiva-


1U3


b.43


4


675,500


4.10


5



lua 2 0.07 12 4,900 0.03

♦♦♦♦* 2,84b 100X 16,468,710 100%

* Monthly rental in U.S. iollacs.



PAGE 23



TABLE 7



i>ifjrt;as DivtsiUN and selected statistics

Computers Computers

Per Per $B

lotai Siudiit- Medium* Large* Million of CIDP**

^£'d\ Computers Systeus Systems Systems People G.N. P. Rank

J17 123 6 18.66 17.22 1

14 2.69 13.59 19

U37 202 65 7.62 15.14 2

3b 15 1 5.71 6.74 6

50 35 1 3.82 9.87 7

25 4 16.11 24.58 10
39 4 4.88 14.33 12
3J 2 8.13 17.67 14
20 3.07 9.71 15

26 1 7.10 23.07 17
2b 2 4.82 12.00 18

0.00 0.00 21

14 2 5.93 20.70 20

i9a 149 26 10.89 14.47 3

12 1 6.50 13.54 13

20 8 18.70 21.74 9

b 2.31 8.57 16

69 17 1 6.00 11.93 11

250 40 10 107.14 51.54 4

30 4 11.67 12.28 8

249 44 9 27.45 24.75 5


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Online LibraryRamn C. BarqunThe degree of penetration of computer technology in Latin America: a survey → online text (page 1 of 5)