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a Captain in the Indian Arm)-, born 2nd June,


64 The Mainwaring Family,

1809, and died unmarried on the 1 6th August,
1848 ; Henry George (see Brinds, Barnes's, and
Kelks) ; Richard, born 6th May, 1814, and
died unmarried in 1834; James Irvine, a
Captain in the 42nd Native Infantry, born 29th
March, 1S16, and died 5th August, 1853,
unmarried ; William Drew, born 3rd October,
1S17, and died 30th June, 1846, having married
Sophia, daughter of Captain Floyd, of the 2nd
Light Infantry, she dying, and leaving issue, (1)
Charles Sweedland, born 23rd October, 1841,

(2) Sophia Emily, born 21st January, 1844, and

(3) Louisa ; Sweedland, a General in the Madras
Staff Corps, born 8th March, 18 19, who died
13th February, 18S3, having married, 23rd Sep-
tember, 1856, Mary Augusta, third daughter of
Philip Melvill, Esq., of Clarendon Place, Hyde
Park Gardens (of a well-allied family from the
south of Scotland, her brother being Lieu-
tenant Melvill of the 24th Regiment, who, with
Lieutenant Coghill, was killed in attempting to
save the colours at the Battle of Isandhlwana),
and had issue. (1) Sweedland Melvill, born at
Banjabore, 25th June, 185;, (2) Henry Melvill,

MelviilSi Fiu leys and Moilliets. 65

born at Bellary, 26th March, i860, (3) Mary
Melvill, born at Ootacamund, 13th Novem-
ber, 1858, who married, in 1888, Frederick
McNair, Esq., and has one son, (4) Edith
Melvill, born at Secunderabad, 1st October,

1866, and (5) Kate Melvill, born at Palam-
cottah, on the 1st March, 1872 ; Reginald
Ouintin, a General in the Madras Staff
Corps, born 8th October, 1828, who married
twice: first, Charlotte, daughter of Major
General Pinson, by whom he had issue,
(1) Edward Rowland, born 25th January,
1859, (2) Charles Vaughan, born 7th May,
1852, (3) Norman Elliott, born 20th July,

1867, (4) Alice Maud, born nth December,
1855, who married General Mundy, of the
Madras Staff Corps, who died in 1S89, and
had no children, (5) Florence Emily, born
19th March, 1857, (6) Edith Elliott, born
22nd September, i860, (7) Gertrude Harriet,
born 17th September, 1863, (8) Mabel Elliott,
born 1 2th April, 1S66, (9) Ethel Mary, born
22nd March, 1S69, and (10) Ada Constance,

F 2

66 The Mainwaring Family.

born i st March, 1871, and, secondly, Caroline,
widow of Monsieur Le Cromier. by whom he
has no children ; Randle Parker, a Captain in
the 20th Native Infantry, born 22nd March,
1830, and died 22nd March, 1 865, having
married Ellen, daughter of Captain Sayers, on
the 1 8th December, 1854, by whom he had
issue, (1) Emily Ellen, born at Belgawm, on
the 1 8th October, 1855, (2) Anne Margaret,
born at Belgawm, on the nth May, 1857,
(3) Charlotte Louisa, born at Belgawm, on
the 2nd December, 185S, (4) Sophia Florence,
born at Dhanvar, on the 16th May, i860, and
(5) Helen Frances Maud, born at Ahmcdabad,
on the 5th August, 1864; Sophia Isabella,
born on the 29th March, 1S16, who died un-
married on the 24th December, 1833 ; and
Emily Anne.

Emily Anne Mainwaring was born at Jaun-
pore on the 12th September, 1S23. She married,
on the 2nd ]unc, 1853, the Rev. John Finley,
M.A. (of a good family from the south of Scot-
land), sometime Chaplain to the Earl of Gains-

M chills, Fin leys and Moilliets. 67

borough, and he died 31st July, 1871. Their
children are John, born 16th August, 1855,
Hyde, born 3rd October, 1863, Reginald Main-
waring, born at Aveley Vicarage on the 28th
September, 1868, Sophia Harriet, born on the
13th March, 1854, who married, on the 20th
August, 1874, James Keir Moilliet, Esq. (of an
old Gcnevese family), of Cheyney Court, Here-
fordshire, and has five sons and one daughter,
Constance Emily, born 2nd April, 1857, who
married, on the 2nd October, 1879, Walter
Thomas Eeeby, Esq., M.D., of Bromley, Kent,
and has no children, Maria Hyde, born on th<?
20th January, 1859, an ^ Marion Alice, born on
the 28th June, 1S61.

68 The Mainwaring Family.

The Connection with the Brinds,
Barnes's, Kelks and Wxgans.

Edward Rowland Mainwaring, mentioned
above, the son of Thomas Mainwaring, was
born on the 20th November, 1807, and died on
the 10th April, 186S. He married Georgiana,
the widow of Captain Byron, and had issue, (1)
Edward Philipson, born 13th October, 1 841,
who married Flora Brind, and has issue Frances
Brind, Guy, Florence, Ethel, Evelyn, and Wini-
fred, (2) Frances George Lawrence, born 8th
November, 1S51, who married, on the 21st
December, 1885, Alice, daughter of William
Bishop, Esq., of 20, Craven Hill, Hyde Park,
and has no children, and (3) Emily Sophia
Isabella, born on the 28th February, 1844, -who
married, in 1862, Major Osmond Barnes, of the
Bombay Staff Corps, and has issue four sons
and two daughters. Major Barnes, as the

Brznds, Barnes's, Kelks and Wigaus. 69

tallest man in the Indian Army, was selected
to proclaim the Queen Empress of India.
Henry George Mainwaring, mentioned above,
the third son of Thomas Mainwaring, was born
on the 29th June, 18 12, and died on the 24th
June, 186S. He married, on the 15th January,
1850, Frances Sanders, daughter of John
Kelk, Esq., and had issue one son, Henry
Germain Mainwaring, a Major in the 24th
Regiment, who was born on the 6th January,
1853. He married, in 1889, Henrietta Wigan,
and has issue one daughter, Elfrida Henrietta,
born in February, 1890.

Major Mainwaring served and distinguished
himself in the Zulu War.

The Mainwaring Family,

The Connection with the Russells
and the Robinsons.

Janet Mainwaring, mentioned above, the
daughter of William Mainwaring, died on the
/th February, 1S5S. She married, on the 17th
February, 1S03, Michael Russell, Esq., of
Wimbledon, who was born on the 28th
February, 1778, and died on the nth January,
1840. Their children were : (j) Edward, born
on the 24th October, 1808, who married and
had issue Henrietta, who married Edward
Kohler, of Stuttgart, and has issue two
daughters, and Emilie Louisa {see below), (2)
Menshaw, born on the 9th January, 1812, and
died on the iSth January, 1866, who married,
first, on the 10th February, 1840, Anastatia,
daughter of John Eyre, Esq., of Eyre Court
Castle, county Gahvay, by whom he had three
sons and one daughter, and she dying on the

The Russclls and Robinsons.

27th March, 1846, Henshaw Russell married,
secondly, on the 10th February, 1848, Jane
Alethea, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Groves,
by whom he had no issue, (3) Elizabeth, who
married, on the 19th July, 1827, Major John
Robinson {see below), and had issue four sons
and two daughters, (4) Harriett, who married, on
the 23rd April, 1S53, Alexander Naime, Esq.,
who died on. the 4th April, 1859, and had issue
one son and three daughters, (5) Mary, who
married, on the 1st May, 1864, Thomas William
Hare, Esq., who died on 21st January, 1S90, and
had no children, (6) Frances Sarah, who married,
on the 14th July, 1847, the Rev. Gilbert William
Robinson, who died 26th February, 1884 ( see

Major John and the Rev. Gilbert W T illiam
Robinson were the sons of Captain Gilbert
Robinson, of Shin rone, by his wife Elizabeth,
the daughter of the Rev. John Godwin, by-
Mary, daughter of John and Mary Godfrey,
of Lydd, Kent. The Rev. John Godwin was
private Chaplain to Lord James Somerville,

72 The Mainwaring Family ,

and the Rector of Playden, Iden, and East

The children of the Rev. Gilbert William and
Frances Sarah Robinson are : (i) Frederick
Russell, born on the 24th July, 1848, who
married, on the 23rd September, 1876, his
cousin, Emilie Louisa, referred to above, and
has three sons and one daughter, (2) Gilbert
Mainwaring, born on the 29th March, 1850,
who married Mary Ramskill, daughter of
George Pinkerton, Esq., of Surbiton, and lias
two sons and four daughters, (3) Godfrey,
born on the 20th January, 1S52, (4) Rowland
John Dodsworlh, born on 14th April, 1854,
(5) Henry Russell, born on the 28th April.
1S56, who married Ethel Eliza Maud, daughter
of the Honorable William Eccles, of Trinidad,
and has one daughter, (6) Ernest Murray, born
on the 1st April, 1859, (7) Reginald William,
born on the 8th October, 1864, and (S) Mary
Adela, born on the 23rd September, 1S61, and
died on the 10th March, 1S62.

The Wathens and Moody s. j$

The Connection with the Wathens
and Moodys.

The children of James Eyton Mainwaring,
referred to above, by his first wife Anna, were :
(i) James (below), (2) Anna Maria, who diet]
unmarried, and (3) Frances, who died un-

James Mainwaring married Emily Jane
Smith (see under Campbell), and had issue :
(1) John, (2) James, (3) Anna, who married
Frederick Wathen, Esq., and has no children ;
(4) Emily, (5) Ada, and (6) Isabella, who is
married to Colonel Moody, and has one son,

y\ The Mainwaring Family,

The Connection with the Parker

Charles Henry Mainwaring, referred to above
by Jane his wife, had issue, (i) Rowland Brough-
ton, (2) Henry Arthur, (3) Cecil Charles,
(4) Gerald, (5) Percy Edward, the present
Rector of Whitmore, (6) Gordon Louis, (7)
Ethel Mary, who, on the 24th July, 1S77, married
William Robert Parker Jervis, of Little Aston
Hall, (8) Maude, (9) Paulina Jane, and (10)
Sophie Henrietta Julia.

The Connection with the Foleys and


Admiral Mainwaring, by his third wife, Laura
Maria Julia, had issue, (1) Karl Heinrich
Augustus, a Captain in the Royal Navy, who, in
1876, married Florence Maud, the daughter of
Henry Foley, Esq., of Wistow, Huntingdonshire,

The Foley s and William ses. 75

(2) Randolf, who married, in 1883, Edith Laura
Vernon, youngest daughter of Henry Foley,
and sister to his brother's wife, (3) Eugene
George Henri, (4) Frederick, (5) Guy, a
Commander in the Royal Navy, who married,
in July, 1889, Gertrude Henrietta, daughter of
Michael Henry Williams, Esq., of Pencalenick,
Cornwall, (6) Horatio, and (7) Algernon.




The Mainwaring coat-of-arms, in Heraldic
language, is " two bars, gules," the crest " out of
a ducal coronet, or, an ass's head in a hempen
halter, ppr," and the motto " Devant si je puis."

There are several stories as to the origin of
the crest and motto. The most common is that
Ranulphus de Mesnil Warin, at the Battle of
Hastings, had his horse beneath him pierced by
an arrow, whereupon he jumped upon an ass,
exclaiming, " Devant si je puis." The legend,
however, must be accepted aim grano salts.

We will now briefly enumerate scraps of
history and some of the noble deeds accom-
plished by the family, taking them, as far as
possible, in chronological order.

Gundred, the supposed youngest daughter of

78 The Mainwaring Family.

William the Conqueror, although some authori-
ties believe her to have been the daughter of
Matilda, by another husband, and William, her
husband, the first Earl of Warren and Surrey,
were celebrated and charitable in their lives.
William de Warren founded the Church and
Monastery of St. Pancras at Lewes, in Sussex,
as his charter sets forth, " for the health of his
soul, and the soul of Gundred his wife, and for
the soul of King William, who brought him into
England, for the health also of Queen Maud,
mother of his wife, and for the health of King
William, her son, who made him Earl of

Warren was one of the most ferocious of
William's followers, but was sincerely attached
to his wife. The remains of both were dis-
covered on October 28th, iS45,by the workmen
cutting for the Lewes and Brighton railroad
through the grounds of St. Pancras Priory, in
two leaden coffins, with simply Gundrada on
the one and Wilhclmus on the other. They are
now deposited in Sputhover Church, together
with a tablet previously discovered, which was

Historical Scraps. 79

stolen when Thomas Cromwell demolished the
Prior)', and was found worked into the tomb of
one of the Shirleys at Isfield. This tablet pre-
serves part of the mutilated monastic verses
that, commemorated the virtues of Gundred,
and these verses have been beautifully trans-
lated into modern English rhymes by the
learned historian of Lewes, as follows : —

'•' Gundred, illustrious branch of princely race,
Brought into England's Church balsamic grace ;
Pious as Mary, and as Martha kind,
To generous deeds she gave her virtuous mind.
Though the cold tomb her Martha's part receives,
Her Mary's better part for ever lives.
O, holy Pancras, keep, with gracious care,
A mother who his made thy sons her heir ;
On the sixth Calehd of June's fatal morn,
The marble

William de Warren also founded the Abbey
of Lewes, and built many noble castles, chief
among which were Hedingham, in Essex, and
Castle Acre, in Norfolk, which latter must have
been the strongest fortress in the Eastern


So The Mainwaring Family

Counties. The epitaph on his tomb is as
follows : —

" Who seeks Ear] Warrenne's tomb may look around,
And mark the buildings on this holy ground,
For here with pious zeal his wealth he spent
In rearing this his noblest monument.
Here the poor brethren whom his bounty fed,
With dirge and requiem laid his honored head ;
Saint Pancras here his mouldering ashes guards,
May the good Saint secure him rich rewards ;
And grant him with the blest above to reign
Who to Saint Pancras raised this stately fane."

Sir Raufe Mainwaring, Knight of Over
Peover, who married Amicia, the daughter of
Hugh Kyveliock, Earl of Chester, was Justice
of Cheshire in the time of Richard I. His
marriage was considered a very noble alliance,
as indeed it was.

William Mainwaring, of Over Peover, who
married Catherine Bclgrave and Clementia
Cotton, departed out of England towards
Guyen in 1393, and made his will in 1394.
His seal, 17 Richard II., had the impression of
his coat and crest, viz., in an escutcheon two

Historical Scraps. Si

bars only and cornerways on the dexter angle,
on a helmet an ass's head couped, inscribed
about it S. Willielmi Maynwaringe. For at this
time the house of Warmincham, formerly the
elder branch, was extinct, and devolved to a
daughter and heiress, and therefore he bore
their arms as next heir male, and this coat-of-
arms his descendants have ever since continued.

His half-brother John, who succeeded him,
waited on the Prince Henry, afterwards King
Henry V., and was made Sheriff of Cheshire on
the )8th September, 1843, in the words of the
writ, "Quamdiu nobis placuerit." He con-
tinued sheriff for three years, the Earl of
Chester calling him "Armigerum suum." This
John, with Matthew Del Mere and Thomas
Meyshawc, was appointed Judge of the gaol
delivery at Chester in 1404, " hac vice nono de

Randle, the brother of John, as shown above,
married Margery Buckley. He petitioned the
king for enjoying his wife's dower in 1393, as he
had married her without the Royal license.

1 1 is son William was the ancestor of the

c; 2

The Mainwaring Family

Mainwarings of Ightfield, in Shropshire. Mr.
Walker, in his " Sufferings of the Clergy," says :
" A descendant of this branch (though a younger
son), I take it, was Dr. Roger Manwaring, who
was born at Stretton, in Shropshire, and edu-
cated in the University of Oxford. Me was
sometime Vicar of St. Giles'-in-the-Fields, and
Chaplain to King Charles I. ; before whom
preaching those sermons entitled ' Religion
and Allegiance,' he was called in question for
it by the Parliament, charged with endeavour-
ing to destroy the King and Kingdom by his
divinity, and censured, to be imprisoned, was
fined ;£i,ooo, and ordered to make his submis-
sion, and was disabled to have or enjoy any
preferment or office. However, the King soon
after pardoned him, and gave him the rich living
of Stanford Rivers, in Essex, in 1653 made him
Dean of Worcester, and two years after nomi-
nated him to the Bishopric of St. David's. In
1640 his troubles were revived in Parliament,
and though the old grudge lay still at the
bottom of the prosecution, yet the new crimes
of Popish innovation, conversing with Papists,

Historical Scraps. 8

and being sociable and jovial, were trumped up
against him, upon which he was (as Lloyd, in
his 'Memoirs,' p. 274, expresses it) apprehended
suddenly, confined severely, fined heavily, plun-
dered violently, persecuted from place to place
continually, insomuch that for the last two years
of his life not a week passed over his head with-
out a messenger or an injury, which he desired
God not to remember against his adversaries,
and abjured all his friends to forget. Under
these his troubles he had nothing left but a
small temporal estate to support him, and died
at Carmarthen, July 1 6th, 1653. He was of a
pious life and conversation, and very charitable,
as appears particularly by one of the three great
designs which he had in pursuit, namely : the
redeeming of captives, and though he laboured
under a veiy severe character with the Puritans
(and not without reason, if the accusation against
him was true of straining the prerogative in the
matter of raising money without the consent
of Parliament), yet by the Royalists he was
esteemed worthy of the great function which

84 The Mainwaring Family.

he bore, being a person of great zeal for the
Church of England."

This last-mentioned Randlewas also a courtier,
styled "Armiger Regis" and "Sagittarius dc
Corona," in 1399, and went into Ireland with
his brother John, in the service of the King, in
1400. He was called Honkyn Mainwaring, or
Hondekyn the Good. In 1390 he was made
one of the Yeomen of the Crown during
pleasure, and was accorded sixpence a day. In
1416 he was made Serjeant of the Peace, and
in 1424 lands at Goostrey were settled on him
by Randle de Roley. This Randle lived to a
great age, and lies buried in a stone chapel on
the south side of Over Peovcr Church with his
wile, who erected two monuments for herself
and her husband.

In 1460 the King, Henry VI., sent a letter
to Sir John Mainwaring, Knight, son and heir
of Randle, that he deliver to the Lord Stanley
these persons following, then in the Castle of
Chester, for some matters alleged against them
in the late Parliament at Coventry, to wit,
Thomas and John Nevill, sons of the Earl of

Historical Scraps. 8

Salisbury, Sir Thomas Harrington, James
Harrington, Raufe Rokeby, Thomas Ashton,
and Robert Everous, Esquires. Sir John Main-
waring, Knight, great-grandson of the last-
mentioned Sir John, was Sheriff of Flintshire
in 1514. By his will, among other things, he
gave to Charles Main waring, his bastard brother,
yearly, £l 6s. 8d., for his life, &c, dated 4th
March, 15 1 5. He lies buried with his wife in
Over Peover Church, their monument being
very quaint.

Philip Mainwaring, Esq., of Over Peover, son
of Sir John, lies buried with his wife Anne in
Over Peover Church, and to their memory is
erected a very singular monument, with an
epitaph, an exact copy of which is:

" Lyke as this marble now doeth hyde
The bodies of thcisse twayne :
So shall not thou on earth lyve longe,
But turne to dust ngayne.
Then learn to dye, and dye to lyve :
As theissc two heare example gyve."

Sir Randle, son of Philip, was Sheriff of
Cheshire in 1605.

86 The Mainwaring Family.

His son, Edmund Mainwaring, was an LL.D.
and Chancellor of Chester in 1642.

Another son, John, living in 1634, was a D.D.
Another, Sir Philip, was Secretary for Ireland
to the Earl of Stafford, in 163S.

Sir Randle, son and heir of the last-mentioned
Sir Randle, was Sheriff of Limerick, in Ireland,
in 1605, Sheriff of Cheshire in 1619, and Mayor
of Chester the same year.

Philip, his son and heir, was Captain of the
Light Horse in Cheshire, and was Sheriff of
Cheshire in 1639. There is a handsome monu-
ment in Over Peover Church erected to him
and his wife Pollen.

Sir Thomas Mainwaring, Bart., son and heir
of Philip, was the first Baronet of the family,
and was so created after the Restoration. He
was Pligh Sheriff of Cheshire in 1657, and
served with Sir George Booth (afterwards Lord
Delamcr) as Knight of the Shire, in the Parlia-
ment at Westminster, at the Restoration. He
was also Deputy-Lieutenant of Cheshire many
years. He is buried with his wife in Over

Historical Scraps. 87

Peover 'Church, but their tomb cannot now be

Sir John Mainwaring, Bart., his successor,
was for many years Knight of the Shire for
Cheshire, and also Deputy-Lieutenant and
Captain of the Light Morse. Me accompanied
Henry, Lord Delamer (afterwards the Earl of
Warrington), and many other noblemen at the

Sir John and his wife are buried in a chapel
at the north side of the chancel in Over Peover

Sir Henry Mainwaring, Bart., was the nephew
of the last-mentioned Sir John. He received
the earlier part of his education under the
celebrated Mr. Dongworth of Durham School,
and from thence, in 1744, he was admitted as
nobleman of Lincoln College, Oxford, and was
by that University presented to an honorary
degree of Master of Arts. In 1759 he went
abroad, and made the tour of Italy, and en his
return home served as Captain in the Regiment
of Royal Cheshire Militia, commanded by the

88 The Mainwaring Family,

Right Honorable Lord Viscount Malpas. In
May, 1764, he was promoted to the rank of
Major in the same Regiment, then commanded
by his intimate friend and companion of his
travels in foreign parts, the Right Honorable
George Harry Earl of Stamford. On the death
of this Sir Henry Mainwaring without having
married, the title became extinct, and the Over
Peover estates passed to the Wetenhall family.

Dr. John Mainwaring, D.D., son of Edward
Mainwaring, Esq., of Whit more, was Rector of
Stoke-on-Trent in 1633. In the parish register
is the following notice of his induction :

"Johannes Mainwaring, Alius natu minor
Edovardi Mainwaring, de Whitmore Armigeri,
Artium Magister, Socius Collegii Caio — Gun-
villensis in Academio Cantabrigiensi,praesentatus
est ad Rectoriam Ecclesiae parochialis de Stoke
per Rogerum Brereton de novo Castro Armigero,
inductus fuit per Alexander How, sacrac theo-
logiae Baccalaureus a.d. 1633."

In the register of burials there is:

" 1692, May 14. Johannes Mainwaring,
ST. P. cum exstitisset Rector Ecclesiae de

Historicctl Scraps. 89

Stoke per spatium quinquaginta et nona
Annorum expiravit die et anno supradictis."

Edward Main waring, Esq., of Whitmore, in
Charles I.'s reign, took the side of the Parlia-
ment and fortified Whitmore against the Royal
troops. He was appointed, too, High Sheriff
for the county b}' the Rebel Government in

His son Edward was appointed, in March,
1645, to demolish the Castle of Heleigh, but
the loyalty of the family returned with the
Restoration, and Charles II. made him, in 16G9,
High Sheriff.

In 1745 Edward Main waring, Esq., did good
service against the Scotch rebellion, and marched
before his tenantry against the invaders. He
was appointed High Sheriff for Staffordshire
in 1768.

Rear-Admiral Rowland Mainwaring, of
Whitmore, greatly distinguished himself in the
French War. He served as a midshipman in
the Majestic at the Battle of the Nile, and in
the Defence at the siege of Copenhagen. One
of his last commands was that of the Caledonia,

oo The Mainwaring Family,

flagship of Sir Edward Pellew, afterwards Lord
Exmouth. lie was also a Justice of the Peace.

We will not dwell further upon the deeds of
the Mainwarings, having just touched upon
some of the chief of them ; but will con-
clude with two memorials from Whitmore

A marble monument is erected over the tomb
of Edward Mainwaring, and /Mice his wife,
formerly Alice de Boghey. By this marriage,
it will be remembered, the Whitmore estates
first passed into the Mainwaring family. On
the monument there is, in very old English
characters :

" Here lyelh the bodies of Edwarde Manwaringe, of
Whitmore, in the Countie of Stafford, Esquire, ;i younger
sonne of Sir John Manwaringe, of Pever and Badyley,
in the Countie of Chester, Kt. : also his wyffe right heir
o^ Whitmore, Bedulph, Andeslay, and Baggenall, wich
Edwarde Manwaringe deceased the day of .... in the
yere of y'Lord, Ano Mo. Do. LXVI, on whose soulc God
have mercy amen.

• . . . the roade free ;

Into thye handes
Oure sondes wee geve unto thee.
Quod E. E, M. ; Ano dmi. 15S1."

His to rical Scraps.

In the parish register of Whitmore there is
the following curious tribute to the memory of
Sarah, formerly Stone, who married Edward
Mainwaring, Esq., of Whitmore :

" Sarah Mainwaring, virtutis exemplum et
ornamentum, sexus gloria et eclipsis, ex assidua

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