in a universe whose immensity is the greater for the little body
at its throbbing center. All the processes of nature cease, the
demands of living creatures do not exist for us until the little
gasping breath is still.
410 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE.
The nig^ht is a g-aping^, open tomb to sick
Weeping En- fancies. All the fears, the dread images, the
dures Through panting terrors which hide away, when the
the Night. sunshine and children are awake and about,
come trooping out of their lairs and camp
on the pillow and about the bedside of the lonely sufferer. Not
for the world will we rouse the tired watcher by the bedside, nor
disturb the sleeping husband. If it were pain, ah, then we could
call and all would hear and spring to instant help. But these
awful fears â the vast troop of "what ifs" â the fear of a fear â â
the forecast â the gloomy clutch of past sorrows or mistakes â
these are without form and void, and not sufficiently grave to
justify our selfish longing for human help and sympathy. And
so we lie â and suffer â we feel the point of every hair on our
head â the quivering nerves almost snap ! Sleep â sleep â who
said that sleep was man's common heritage? Not we â who toss
and pray â and weep â and shrivel with our fears. Hark! The
baby's breath. Was there not a rasping sound to that?
Down into the pit of our fears, the dear Lord
Hope's Ladder, places a ladder of hope. It is there â each
round is dully gold in the twilight of our
suffering. We set foot there again and again, but we are too
weak â too impatient to climb slowly and steadily. And so we
thrust it away, and go on suffering, and agonizing. Our dark-
ness is unlit, the pit is too deep, the ladder is too frail. The first
step breaks so often that we bring the whole ladder tumbling
about our ears while we lie crushed beneath its weight.
Another weapon for oUr release the Lord
The Trowel throws down to us. The trowel of faith.
of Faith. About us lie the ruins of our body â like use-
less bricks about a fallen building. We may
mend them â slowly up again, if we will. It happens some rare
times â ah, what a happening is there â that Jesus in His mercy
seizes the trowel and with one stroke replaces the structure as it
was^clean, whole, comely. But He rarely does this â He might
do so oftener if we only asked Him oftener â but He has taught
us how to build again the shattered body, placing brick on brick,
moistening the mortar with our nightly tears, and using that
strong, sure trowel of faith. Have you tried building thus a
God is our help, now as in ages past. Not a
He is Our passive help, but an ever-present, ever active
Help. and constructive help. We may be sick, we
may be sorry, but we need not stay so long.
He is there, just behind the cloud. He and His angels are every-
where. But unless you want His help, ask for it, crave it, pray
for it, you will not get it. His common gifts of light and life
He gives to all. But if you want a special gift, you must make a
special prayer. If you want help from a skilful physician, you
must ask for it â and then you pay the price. He comes to you
again, and yet again. 'Tis so with God. He sends His healing
angel to you once and yet again, and still again. Says the
gracious mother of the Prophet in her history, speaking about
one of her many healings (page 221) :
"The next morning after our arrival, the family being absent,
I seized the opportunity to make an effort to get far enough from
home to pray without interruption. Accordingly I took a staff in
each hand, and by the assistance which they afforded me, I was
enabled to reach a dense thicket, which lay some distance from
the house. As soon as I was sufficiently rested to speak with
ease, I commenced calling upon the Lord, beseeching Him to re-
store me to health, as well as my daughter Catherine. I urged
every claim which is afforded us by the Scriptures, and continued
praying faithfully for three hours, at the end of which time I
was relieved from every kind of pain ; my cough left me, and I
Think healthful thoughts. Say peaceful
Help Yourself, words. Say over and over, in your mind,
hymns or psalms. Refuse to think of your
sorrow or your pain. Tell your will to obey your spirit. Don't
be crushed or disheartened by constant defeat. You will not die
till your time comes, nor will your loved ones, unless you open the
door to death and invite him in through your allowing morbid
fancies, and your constant talk and thought about your own symp-
toms and fears or that of your dear ones, to weaken and destroy
your citadel. You refuse to allow foul, physical air in your sick
room or bed chamber â don't allow disease-breeding thoughts,
emotions and whinings, to taint the spiritual atmosphere. Brace
up. Be a good, spiritual sport. Grit your teeth, shut your lips,
hold your hands tight, and fight â just plain fight. That's what
Jacob did at Bethel, when his thigh was put out of joint. Die if
you must, suffer if you have to do so, but be a soldier about it.
Keep your face, your fighting face, to the foe. Not your squirm-
ing, cowardly back. The Lord loves a brave soldier â so do all
God is our help. He can heal and comfort us, if we greatly
work and greatly pray.
Theology and Testimony.
First Week in August.
Work and Business.
Second Week in August.
SUMMER HEALTH LESSONS.
Third Week in August.
PREVENTION OF DISEASE.
Note. We especially commend this splendid and succient
lesson by Dr. Charles F. Wilcox to our students everywhere. It
is the multnm in parvo concerning the subject treated.
PREVENTION OF DISEASE.
The wonderful disclosures of the microscope have revealed
a new world and humanity has reaped a very great and important
benefit from it.
By magnifying many hundred diameters it was found that
countless germs existed in the air and on everything around us.
A further study of these germs showed them to be mostly of
vegetable origin; also that the great majority of them were not
only not harmful, but that they were actually useful in promoting
fermentation â notably the yeast germ, and the germs that produce
the fermentation in milk, wines, beers, etc.
It was also found that these germs were living entities and
that they reproduced themselves ; that they could be destroyed by
heat, dry or moist, by certain chemicals, such as chlorid of lime,
iodine, etc., also that sunlight was a great destroyer of germs.
It was also found that certain colonies of germs or bacteria
were the direct cause of nearly all the diseases that afflict the
Louis Pasteur, a noted French chemist, was one of the first
GUIDE LESSONS. 413
men to experiment along these lines and he developed the germ
theory of fermentation and proved beyond qnestion of doubt that
there was no such thing as "spontaneous generation of life." but
that all life was due to cellular activity and must be produced bv a
pre-existing, living cell.
His researches along these lines were of immense benefit to
the wine and beer industries of France and Germany. It was
this discovery that has made possible the canned fruit and vege-
table industry that furnishes so much of our winter supply of
When the silk industry of France was in danger of being
entirely destroyed by the worms dying prematurely, he found their
death was caused by a germ. He immediately applied himself to
find a remedy and was so successful that he not only saved the silk
industry to the nation, but gained honor and undying fame.
At this early stage of his researches, he expressed himself to
the eflfect that what he had been able to do with the silk worms,
he hoped would be possible to do with higher animals, and perhaps
even human beings might be benefitted by his great discovery.
He certainly pointed the way that has led up to the present
advancecd position of medical science ; and while there are hun-
dreds of names of eminent men who have done much to bring
medicine out of the realm of uncertainty and empyricism to the
pinnacle of true science where it sits today, a shining monument
should be erected to the names of Harvey, Jenner, Lister, and
among the long list of illustrious men that have followed down to
the present, none shines brighter than that of Louis Pasteur.
The discovery of Edward Jenner that vaccination will cer-
tainly prevent that dreadful scourge, small-pox which, up to his
day. was the most dreadful disease known to the human race, has
made it so mild and so infrequent that it is no longer feared. It
is not too much to say that he has been instrumental in saving mil-
lions of lives.
In the Spanish-American war one-fifth of the soldiers in the
national encampment had typhoid fever.
During the last four years our soldiers numbering, over twen-
ty thousand, have been patroling the border in Mexico, and not
one case of typhoid fever has been reported in the army. This
immunity has been secured by proper and timely vaccination.
The mortality of diphtheria has been reduced from 40%
to less than 107c since the introduction of antitoxine and thou-
sands of children who have been exposed to diphtheria have been
saved from the disease by a timely dose of antitoxine.
The economic loss in the LTnited States from tuberculosis
alone has been estimated at two hundred million dollars annually.
During the last forty years the death rate of tuberculosis has been
reduced fifty percent. This great reduction has been brought
414 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE.
about by better sanitary measures and an earlier recognition of the
disease which makes it much more favorable for treatment. What
is true of the foregoing is equally true of nearly every contagious
In summer, germs develop more rapidly than in cold weather.
This accounts for the increased death rate in children during the
summer months. Germs develop rapidly in milk when it is not
free from dirt and extraneous material, or when it is not placed
in sterile containers and then kept cool. Flies not only carry the
typhoid germs, but many other harmful ones, notably the colon
bacillus. This germ, when taken into the system, is very injurious
and is responsible for many deaths. The water supply, in country
districts, should be carefully guarded against contamination.
It is said that cleanliness is next to Godliness, but it is quite
proper to say that cleanliness is Godliness itself. The Great
Creator has placed in the human body elements that tend to pro-
tect him against the death-dealing germs, and when the body
is clean within and without, and proper regard is had for the gen-
eral rules of hygiene, and all manner of excesses in diet, ex-
ercise and everything that tends to overstrain the body or reduce
its vitality is avoided, it is rendered almost immune against disease
of every kind, whether contagious, infectious or toxic.
How were germs discovered?
What are germs?
Of what use are they?
What harm can they do?
How do they get into the system ?
Where are they found?
How are they destroyed?
What did Louis Pasteur do?
What did Edward Jenner do?
What would happen if everybody in the world were vac-
cinated against small-pox and typhoid fever?
When two children are exposed to a contagious disease why
does one take it and the other not?
Why are babies made sick in summer more than in winter ?
How can you prevent nearly all diseases ?
GUIDE LESSONS. 415
Fourth Week in August.
THE TEETH AND THEIR CARE.
The human countenance is much beautified by a set of teeth
which are healthy, white, and symmetrical. Good teeth are greatly
to be desired. Not only are they an aid to fine looks, but they are
of the utmost importance in helping to maintain the general
health. Good health depends largely on good digestion. Mastica-
tion or grinding of the food is the first process of digestion, and
perfect mastication can only be accomplished with the best of
Time was when people actually expected to lose their teeth
as the years went by and some aged people became entirely tooth-
less. That condition gave rise to the expression "nut cracker
face" when, on account of shrunken gums and sunken lips, the
prominent nose and chin would almost meet. The invention of
artificial teeth changed that condition entirely.
Now, the science of dentistry has advanced so near to perfec-
tion that the ordinary mortal may have his natural teeth until he
dies of old age.
Much of the misery and distress of the teething period are
averted by the proper care of the infant, and with the teeth a
good beginning is most important. The properly trained child is
taught to give careful attention to his teeth at a very early age.
Wise parents give their children food containing the elements
needed for the building up or the growing a good set of teeth.
For the first three years the milk diet should be mostly depended
upon, the diet being varied during the third and following years in
accordance with knowledge and wisdom.
The outer covering of the teeth is called enamel and it is the
hardest tissue found in the body. If the enamel could be kept
always in perfect condition the teeth would not suffer from dis-
ease or decay. It appears that Nature has designed the teeth to
last as long as life, because after the teeth are once completely
grown, she makes no provision for repairing or restoring the
enamel. All the other tissues of the body have formative cells
which continually repair waste or promote growth. It is only the
teeth, after they are full grown, that are left without these repro-
ductive cells. As soon as the teeth are completely growii these
formative cells disappear.
Many causes contribute to the cracking or other injury of
the enamel, and it is after the enamel is injured that decay sets in,
and the services of the dentist are required. Cracking nuts or
other hard substances is a frequent and common source of
416 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE.
clanger. The people who sew should cut their threads with scis-
sors or thread-cutters and not use the teeth for that purpose.
Drink or food taken into the mouth too hot or too cold works
injury to the enamel. Sudden changes of temperature such as
following hot food with cold or the reverse is very hard on the
teeth. Too much sweets and candy are injurious to the stomach
and cause decay of the teeth.
Also the teeth should be kept clean and free from any remain-
ing particles of food that might ferment and cause disease or de-
Sucking of the thumbs or fingers is a habit that is quite fre-
quent among infants and young children. It is a habit which
should be corrected without delay, because if continued it is very
apt to cause the mouth to be malformed or the shape and expres-
sion spoiled, -by uncomely, projecting teeth in adult life. Another
dreadful result of this pernicious habit may be adenoids.
The services of a good dentist should be regularly employed
and he should investigate the teeth about twice a year â every six
months. This attention should begin even with the temporary
set or "baby set," at the very first sign of decay.
A very great mistake is frequently made by neglecting the
"six year molars." They are the first permanent teeth to appear
and never should be extraced if they can possibly be preserved to
the individual by filling or other detal work.
Frequently brushing of the teeth with a soft brush, preferably
after each meal, up and down, across, inside and outside, and the
use of an anti-septic tooth wash are necessary to their proper care
The Chinese rub the cleansing material over the teeth with
the finger. The tooth brush is unsanitary unless frequently ster-
Name two special reasons for giving the best care to the
What was the condition of many of the aged people in days
With personal care and the aid of the dentist what may be
the condition now?
Is there any way of aiding the growth of good teeth ?
Tell anything you know on that subject.
Tell some facts about the outer covering or enamel of the
Name some of the causes that contribute to the injury of the
Tell what you think about the services of the dentist.
What is the personal care that should be given the teeth ?
GUIDE LESSONS. A\7
NOTES TAKEN FROM REMARKS OF DR. MARGARET
C. ROBERTS AT THE RELIEF SOCIETY
CONFERENCE, MAY 8, 1916.
Dr. Roberts spoke of disease germs and how readily they are
distributed. People should never cough nor sneeze without
using a handkerchief to keep the germs from spreading.
Mothers who have a cold should tie a handkerchief over the
nose and mouth when nursing the babe. It is from the mother's
breath more than from the milk that baby catches cold from its
Insist upon children breathing with mouth closed, whether
awake or asleep. Do not let them use pacifiers nor suck thumb
LET BABIES SLEEP ALONE.
To aid them in cutting teeth let them bite on something hard.
Clothing may be protected by bib or towel.
To have sterilized rags boil water twenty minutes and wash
rags in it. Then bake them in paper for one hour and wrap in
sterilized cloth or towel.
For ear ache put two or three drops of salt water in ear.
Blow in more to get air in the ear. That often cures.
For a sprained wrist, soak wrist in cold salt water. Change
For nose bleed, stand with arms extended and raised high,
rest them against the wall and throw the head back. Another
way is to press fingers on the arteries in the front upper gums.
To prevent fainting, double up the patient like a jack-knife.
Might have him pick up something from the floor.
Among the supplementary books which can safely be recom-
mended to our sisters who desire to read more and know more
concerning their theological lesson work, we would suggest the
book by Willard Done entitled. Women of the Bible. While
our sisters should not permit themselves to neglect the necessary
reading in the Bible in the preparation of their lessons they will
still find very much that is good and useful in this excellent book
by Brother Done.
CHARMS OF SPRINGTIME
Duet for 1^ and 2nd Treble
4^Sâ Iâ S
mm= m^^Â§ mm
let me live while the flowers are blooming, Making the
Yt-I Â» Â» 1 â Â» "
-PÂ»â !â â FS â d-
gardens and meadows so fair, Bathing in dewdrops so
-5^ -ic) -
To Coda after B.C,
bright in the morning, Filling with fragrance the soft summer air.
1 Bt Ti m 3
When 'mong the flowers the bee sips the honey. From out their
K â Â» â â¢ 1
CHARMS OF SPRINGTIME.
5 |y_,_p:fzq â p^C-, â | - - r I \- â m â FÂ« - itilâ â¢â E'â S^ â ^3
pet - als so varied in hue, And the sweet humming bird searchiHg the
â ^^ \- ^ - V-\ F-|
blossom, Brightest among the bright flow'rs he can view.
: - ^ - fâ â¢ -
But when flow'rs are withered and dying,
But when the flowers are withered and dying The birds with their
birds have flown
way, And the blasts
..^^ I 4-
songs have all flown far a
way, And the cold blast of the
420 RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE.
an - tumn sighing Na - ture fad - ing in - to
au - tumn sighing All nature is fad-ing and donning her
rit. B.C. Coda.
b g-J-.J-j =[
Glad-ly with them, then would I
There has come to the editor's table another group of charming
poems by Alfred Lambourne. It is a tribute of one poet, Alfred
Lambourne, to another poet, William Shakespeare. Every line
breathes the reverent affection ,of a soul who knows how to pay
tribute to the high priest at the altar because a living coal from
that altar has been laid upon the lips of the kneeling devotee.
Alfred Lambourne has cheered many a weary heart, inspired hope
in unhappy homes and has cast the beautiful thrall of poesy
about the stern realities of early life in these valleys. Now that
the steps of his fancy has led him into the paths about Stratford-
on-Avon, he has made beauty more beautiful and poetry sweeter
for his song. Those who love matchless Shakespeare, and there
be many; and those who love gentle Lambourne, and they also
are many, will find joy in this new booklet from his pen.
Just What You
A good, healthful breakfast food â
one you do not have to coax the
children to eat. "SUN RIPE" Rolled
Oats are delicious. They will tempt
â the new cereal food, is made at Ogden,
Utah, in America's newest and most
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direction of a milling expert, Mr. F. E.
These oats are the choicest the sun-
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You'll like "SUNRIPE" Instant
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"Contains the Strength
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UTAH CEREAL FOOD CO.
The Most Interesting.
Inspiring and Beauti-
ful Scenic Sections
of the West
ARE REACHED VIA
Bear River Canyon
Jackson Hole Country
Lost River Country
Wood River Country
The Snake River
Payette Lakes Country
Columbia River and
Pacific Coast Retorts
Pacific Coast Excursions
Daily to Norember 30th
FÂ»r Dtstriftlvt Littratur*, addrm
D. E. Burley.
General Passenger Agent,
O. S L.. Salt LaksCity, Utab
Z. C. M. I.
Are made for service â
they will keep the boys'
feet warm and dry.
Z. C. M. I.
are the ideal
for boys and
EVERY RELIEF SOCIETY
"The Utah Genealogical and Historical Maga-ine," which is the organ
of the Genealogical Society, and contains genealogical matter of great
value in the study of Relief Society lessons.
Issued quarterly. Price $1.50 a year. To members of the Gene-
alogical Society, and to Relief Societies, $1.00. Send subscriptions to
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OF UTAH,
60 East South Temple, Street,
Salt Lake City, Utah.
Relief Society General Board furnishes
complete Burial Suits
Address JULINA L. SMITH,
Phone Wasatch 207 67 E. South Temple Street
Salt Lake City, Uuh
'Utah's M*tl Pofular
When Buying Your Piano
We always have on hand a representative
stock of instruments used as demonstrators,
returned from rentals, etc., practically good
as new, but
AT ABOUT H ORIGINAL PRICES
HtntioH thii maiaxint and oik for sftcial litt.
THE STATC OF UTAh
English and American
By GEO. M. ALLEN
is in Mrs. Home's Art Book,
DEVOTEES AND THEIR
SHRINES. Send to this office or
to Mrs. Alice Merrill Home, 4
Ostlers Court, Salt Lake City, for
this book from which the lessons on
architecture for 1916 are assigned.
PRICE $1.25 POSTPAID
Relief Society School of Obstetrics
The Relief Society School of Obstetrics and Nursing an-
nounces the opening of its thirteenth school year on Monday,
September 18, 1916. School term, 8 months.
Course A â Entrance fee for the course in Obstetrics, which
includes nursing and invalid cooking â $50.00.
Course B â Entrance fee for course in Nursing, which' in-
cludes invalid cooking â $25.00.
Course C â At intervals during the school year, lectures on
Public Health, Prevention and Treatment of Diseases, Etc., will
be given by eminent physicians, surgeons, and specialists. No
Course D â A class in Invalid Cooking will be conducted
by experts ; no extra charge for students taking other courses.
Instructor, DR. MARGARET C. ROBERTS.