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PEOCEEDIN^GS



OK THE



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1885-80



PEOCEEDINGS



OF THE



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1885-86







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P K O V 1 1) E X C E

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY
l.S.SC



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PRESS OF

KELLOGG PRINTING COMPANY

5 WASHINGTON ROW



OFFICERS

OF THE

KIIODK ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY

ELECTED JANUARY 12, 188(1



President
WILLIAM GAMMELL

Vice-Presiden ts
Francis Brixley Charles W. Parsons

Secretary
Amos Perry

Trcfimirer
RioiiMOM) P. Everett

STANDING COMMITTEES

On Nonnvatiovs

Alltert V. Jencks William Sta]>les

W. Maxwell Greene

On Lectures

Amos Perry William Gammell

Barnabas B. Hammond



4 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

On Biiihliufj and Crrovvds

Isaac II. Soutliwiek Ilonrv J. Steere

Koyal C. Taft

On t]ic Lihrnrii

Cliarles W. Parsons AVilliam V>. Weeden

Stephen II. Arnold

On Pnl)] icfil ion.^

Georo-e AI. Carpenter Elislia B. Andrews

William F. H. Jackson

On QeneaJfniicd] Tipspa i'cho<

Henry E. Turner Horatio Rogers

Joliii (). Austin



John P. Walker



Audit fU)Ui ni'iUec
Edwiu Barrows



Lewis J. (.'liace



For Xew])ort,

Woonsocket,

Scituate,

Pawtucket,

North Kingstown.

Hopkinton,

Hamilton,

^^' arren ,



Procnratorx

George C. Mason
Erastus Richardson
Charles H. Fisher
Emery H. Porter
David S. Baker, jr.
George H. Olney
James N. Arnold
Lewis H. Meader



PROCEEDINGS



OF THE



RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY

•1885-86.



At a niectino: of the Society lield January 27, 1S.S5 Professor
Albert Harkness read a paper on "'Athens in tlie aiie of Peri-
cles," illustrated by maps and diag-rams.

At a nieetino- held February 10, 1885 ]Mrs ]\Iartha J. Lamb
of Xe\y York city read a paper on "The Framers of the Con-
stitution."

At a meeting held Felnniary 24, 1885 the Rey. James ]\I.
Taylor of Proyidence read a paper on -'The Influence of the
Crusaders in European history."

At a meeting held ^Nlarch 10, 1885 the Rey. Carlton A. Sta-
ples of Lexington, Mass., read a paper on "The social and
religious life of a country tOAyn one hundred and t^yenty fiye years
ago," haying especial reference to the town of Lexington. The
subject was further discussed by ]Mr Alti'cd Stone, the Rca.
Thomas R. Slicer and the President.

At a meeting held March 24, 1885 the lion. Thomas Dur-
fee, Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court of Rhode Island, read
a paper on "The Transcendental Moyement in Xew England a
half-century ago." The subject was further discussed by Pro
fessor John L. Lincoln and the President.



() RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIPrrY.

At the quarterly meeting held April 7, 1885 the Librarian
rejiorted that there had been received during the past quarter
11 G bound volumes, 330 pamphlets and 13 unclassified objects
such as engravings, manuscripts and historical memorials. A
letter Avas received from the Hon. William A. Court enay of
Charleston, South Carolina, presenting a heliotype copy of the
Great Seal of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina with fac simile
copies of their autograph signatures, and the thanks of the So-
ciety were desired to be returned to Mr Courtenay. The (\)m-
mittee on Publications laid before the Society a communication
from the New Ha\en Colonial Historical Society regarding the
jn'oposcd pid)lication of the Diary of the Rev. Dr. Ezra Stiles,
part of which relates to Rhode Island history ; and the commu-
nication was referred to the same committee Avith power to act.
Messrs. John P. Walker, David S. Baker, Jr., Henry T. Beck-
with, James E. Cranston and Richmond P. Everett Avcrc
appointed a conunittee witli power to arrange for a field-day
during the month of June. Mr George M. Carpenter, the
Rev. James ]M. Taylor and ]\Ir Daniel Berkeley Updike of
Providence and ]Mr Harold Brown of Newport were elected res-
ident members. The President read a biographical sketch of
Isaac Miles Bull,* which was received too late to be jjrinted in
the Proceedings of last year.

At the meeting held April 21, 188.5 Professor Elisha B. An-
drews read a paper on "The Founding of the English State."
The subject was further discussed by the Hon. Charles S. Bi-ad-
lev, the Hon. Benjamin F. Thurston and the President.

At the quarterly meeting held July 7, 1885 the Secretary
laid before the Society a communication from the Hon. Elisha
Dver res]iecting the proposed publication of certain papers which
liad l)een given to Mr Dyer by Mr Charles Danforth with the
understanding that they should be printed ; and the comnnini-
cation was referred to the Committee on Publications. The

*The paper is printed in this volume under the head of "Necrology."



rKOCEEI)IX(48. (

Librarian reported that there had been received (hirini;- the past
quarter 1 tS bound vobiniey, 44") pamphlets and /M niisceHaneous
objects. ]\Ir John P. AValker i-e[»orted that tlie sum of $(ioO
had been collected and placed in the hands of the Treasurer as
a Publication Fund : and the thanks of the Society were ex-
tended to Mr Walker for his vahial)le ser\ ice in this matter.
]Mr Walker also reported regarding the field-dav which was held
at Wickford. The Hon. Charles H. Page of Scituate was
elected a resident member and Mr All)ert J. Jones of Rome.
Italy, and Mr Sanmel Briggs of Cle\eland. Ohio, were elected
corresponding members. jNIessrs. Harnabas H. Hannnond, Ho-
ratio Rogers, John P. Walker, AV'illiam Staples and Isaac H.
Sonthwick were appointed a committee to devise a plan for the
observance of the 250th anniversary of the settlement of Provi-
dence. The President, on behalf of Dr. (Jeorge L. Collins,
presented to the Society a manuscri[)t pa})er entitled "An Ac-
count of the IMalignant, Remitting, Bilious, or Yellow Fevei',
in ProA'idence from 171(1 to 171)7 inclusi\e, with jNIiscellaneous
Notes and Observations by Moses Brown."

At the ([narterly meeting held October (i, 18(^5 a connnuni-
cation was received from the Royal Society of Northern Anticpia-
rians at Copenhagen announcing the death on the l.lth of .Vugust
last of J. J. A. Worsaee, the distinguished Vice-President of
that society. The Librarian i'e})orted that there had been re-
ceived during the past quarter <S1I bound Nolumes, ol)2 panq)h-
lets and 1)2 miscellaneous objects. The special connnittee
a})pointed at the last quarterly meeting to devise a plan for the
observance of the 250th anniversary of the settlement of Provi-
dence reported progress : whereupon the connnittee wvvv au-
thorized to confer with the connnittee of the City Council of
Providence and co(')perate with them in regard to a })lan for the
celebration. The following resolutions Aveiv ado})ted.

Hesolved , That this society learns with satisfaction that its
respected member Mr flohn Osborn Austin is engaged in the
l)reparation of a Genealogical Dictionary, embracing sketches



8 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

of the first three or four generations of the families whieh
settled within the [)resent limits of Rhode Island before 1690.
Resolvt'd, That having confidenee in Mr Austin's ability to
j)roduce work ereditable to himself and useful to genealogieal
students, this soeiety reconnnends his enterj)rise to the favorable
consideration of the ])ublic.

Messrs. William A. Tucker and Kicliai-d S. Rowland of
Providence were elected resident members.

At the meeting held November H, 1885 the President read a
})aper* on "The Huguenots and the Edict of Nantes," and the
subject was further discussed by the liev. Dr James G. Vose.

At the meeting held November 17, 1885 Professor John L.
Lincoln read a paper prepared l)y Miss Esther Bernon Carpen-
ter of Soutli Kingstown on •'Tlie Huguenot Influence in Rhode
Island, ^"t

At the meeting held December 1, 18<S5 Mr Amasa M. Eat(ni
read a papci" on "■French Spoliation (Uaim and Rhode Island
Claimants. ''j

At the meeting held Dcccmlx-r 15. 1885 Mr Carl W. Ernst
of Boston read :i [)aper on "The Honorable History of th(>
United States in the Tlieory and Practice of International Law ,
with s[)ecial reference to Henry Wheaton." The Hon. Abraham
Pavne read a ])aper gi\ing a sketch of the personal and social
life and character of Mr Wheaton. The Hon. Charles S. Brad-
ley and the President made brief addresses pertinent to the lOOth
anniversary of the birth of ISIr Wheaton.

At the meetin<>' held December 29, 1885 Mr George C. Ma-
son, jr., of Newport read a })aper on "Apprenticeship and the
Manual Training System."

*The paper has been published in accordance with the request of the Society.
tThe paper is printed in this volume.
JThis paper has been elsewhere published.



PROCEEDINGS. 9

The sixty-fourth annual meeting was hehl January 12, 1886,
tlie President in the eliair.

Ke[)orts were [)resente(l l)y the Treasurer, the Committee on
Building and Grounds, the Connnittee on the Library, the Com-
mittee on Publications and Messrs. Mason, Meader and Porter
of the Proenrators.

^Messrs. Kiehard Aldrieh, Joseph Dews. James A. Reid,
Walter B. Swaitz, Fred I. Marcy, Welcome A. Greene, Dan-
iel 1\. Ballon and Kicliard W. Comstoek were elected resident
members.

The President read his annual address, and the same, and the
reports of officers and connnittees, were referred to the Com-
mittee on Puljlications.

It was Aoted that a tax of three dollars be assessed on each
resident member to defray the expenses of the current year.

It was \oted tiiat fi\e hundred copies of the proceedings l)e
published, to include the papers of President Gannnell on "The
Hujjuenots and the Edict of Nantes" and of Miss Esther l^ernon
Carpenter on "The Hugnenot InHnence in Khode Island," pro-
vided the whole expense of the publication do not exceed one
hundred and seventy-five dollars.*

The officei's of the Society foj- the ensuing year were elected.
The names of the officers are printed elsewhere in this vcjliune.



*Thi; paper of tlic President has been separately published The paper of Miss Carpenter is
printed in this volume.



10 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY



ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT.



Gentlemen of the lIi.s(or!c((l Soeiety : —

In accordance with etstaltli.slied usage, you will expect me to
[)reseiit to vou a brief" statement of the Avork and progress of
the Society during the yeai- which is now closing. There have
b^en very few changes or incidents of any kind of nuich impor-
tance, and many of these will l)e set forth in the reports of the
standing connnittees. The number of volumes pamphlets and
documents of various kinds which has l)een added to our collec-
tion is 22(52, of which 421' were bound volumes, 16G(i were
pamphlets and l<i7 weiv miscellaneous. This number is con-
siderably smaller than tiiat re})orted in either of the two years
immediately preceding. In both those years, however, the So-
ciety was the recipient of special benefactions. It does not now
vary in any considerable degree from the average of other recent
years. M'e still invite the peo])le of the State who may be in
possession of articles of historical interest or value to deposit
them in the charge of the Society. Thus, and thus alone, will
they be sure to be preser\ed for any future })ublic or j)rivate
use which they may be fitted to sul)serve. To receive such ar-
ticles of every kind and to preserA e them for the purposes I have
indicated, is one of the leading objects for Avhicli this Society
was formed and which it is striving to accomplish. Its represen-
tives arc therefore always glad to receive not only everything that
may serve as material for our local history, but everything that
may throw light upon it ever so indirectly, everything that may



ADDRESS OF THE IMtESIDEXT. 11

assist in studying it in any of its dc])artnients. Wc shall bo
glad to gather in our Cabinet building not oidv materials and
aids for explaining the history of every part of Khode Island,
but to make it. so far as practicable, a historical nuiseum in
which are collected curious relics of all former generations.

Conunendable progress has been made in the important work
of cataloguing, numbering and placing on shelves the large ac-
cunudations Avhich have long been gathering at the Cabinet.
This work was begun, according to the system now in use,
more than five years ago. It has been diligently prosecuted
from that time to the present by the Librarian, Mr. Perrv and
his assistant, ]\Ir. Smith. A large ])art of the books, pamph-
lets and materials of all kinds have been arrantred and cata-
logued till the existing shelf-room for receiving them is nearly
filled. The work in consequence must soon be suspended, or
at best carried on in some modified form, till we are able to ex-
tend our shelves. Its suspension, I need not say, would be a
detriment to the work and even to the general interests of the
Society of very serious import ; for it would delay the labor of
])utting the remainder of our books, papers and manuscripts,
many of them of great value, in a condition in wdiich they could
be consulted or in any way used for historical purposes. It
Avcndd be an admission on our part that we are no longer able to
})rovide suitable places of deposit or catalogues for the articles that
may be sent to us for })erpetual preservation and for use. This
would be an admission inibecoming an association of hiohminded
men. I do not mean to convey the impression that we are not
able to receive at the Cabinet all that may be sent to us, and to
keep it all in safety. This we certainly can do till all the space
under our roof is occupied in one way or another. But this
would be very far from the true idea of the Cabinet of a histor-
ical society. To solicit the contril)ution of materials for history
and to accept them when they are brought to us, is only the
smallest part of what is rightly expected of us. We enter, as
it were, into an au'reement not only to receive and acknowledge



12 RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

and give them house room, but also to keep them in such con-
dition as will allow them to be inspected, consulted or used when
the occasion may require. To fail in this would obviously be to
fail in the obligations which we assume when we accept the gifts
, of others. AVe immediately become trustees of what Ave thus re-
ceive, and we bind ourselves to fulfill the special conditions in
accordance with which such deposits are made.

At former annual meetings, as well as on other occasions, I
have fully expressed my appreciation of the necessity of enlai'ged
accommodations, such as are required for the fulfillment of the
obligations of the Society, as well as for all its interests. An
enlargement of the Cabinet building, I think, has become indis-
sensable, unless we are ready to abandon the position which we
have aspired to occu])y. If, however, this is deemed impracti-
cable at the present time, I think that s(>me temporary readjust-
ment of oiu* present space should innnediately be made that will
enable us properly to [)ut in order and to catalogue all the arti-
cles now in our ])ossession or likely soon to be received by us.
^laterials for history, piled miscellaneously in our galleries, are
undoubtedly in a safer condition than when in private hands, but
they are certainly not more useful. They are not so cared for or
so prepared for being considted. as to fulfill even the most mod-
erate expectations of those Avho bring them to us. I therefore
take the liberty to reconnnend that some suitable action be im-
mediately taken as to this whole subject, as one that concerns
the responsibility and the honor of the Society.

In no preceding year, as I am informed, have our collections
been so largely resorted to for purposes of historical inquiry.
This is especially true in the department of genealogy, in which
our large collections are found to be exceedingly useful. The
practical interest in this class of inquiries is constantly increas-
ing, for interest in ancestry is always the result of progress in
civilization. Intelligent people everywhere are beginning to in-
quire into the origin and descent of the families to which they
belong. This is no dictate of family pride, still less of personal



ADDRESS OF THE PltESFDEXT. 18

pretension, bnt a natural impulse of every thoughtful and liberal
uiind. No better illustration of this eoukl be desired than is
to be found in the fact that an accomplished New England nias-
tei- in this class of in(piiries, Mr. lli'iu'v F. Waters, has gone to
reside in London for the special ])urposc of tracing in English
record ofhces, the history of American families of English de-
scent. Nor can I forbear to ex})ress the high a[)preciation in
Avhich I hold the labors of our associate, Mr. J. (). Austin, who
has been long engaged in preparing an elaborate work, soon to
be [)ublished in two quarto volumes, and to be entitled '"The
(xenealogical Dictionary of Khodc Island : Comprising Three
Generations of the Settlers who came before 16iM)." I have
carefully examined the plan of the work and the specimen pages
which are set forth in the prospectus, and I cannot doubt that it
will prove to be not only a complete account of the families it is
designed to embrace, but also a very important com])ilation of
materials for the history of the State during the period to which it
relates. The annotations by the compiler, of which specimens
are given, aboiuid in matters of curious interest that illustrate
what were the most conunon forms of ])ropertv, the methods of
business and the modes of settling estates, in the period which it
embraces. The character of the work recalls the "Cxenealogical
Dictionary of New England," by the late Mr. James SaA age :
but being limited to our little State, it will comprise a far larger
variety of details in connection with each familv name. I hope
it will l)e as useful in the family history of early Rhode Island
as the work of Mr. Savage has been in that of early New
England.

On the 9tii of June many members of tiie Society, with ladies
in their company, made an excursion to North Kingstown, for
the purpose of visiting the spots of historical interest in that
ancient ])art of the State. Among those who joined in the ex-
cursion were ex-Governor Littlefield and Ilis Excellency Govern-
or Wetmore. The company proceeded by steamer to Wickford,
and were conveyed in carriages to u number of spots whose



14 RHODE ISLAXD HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

names are mentioned in the earliest accounts of the Narragan-
sett conntrv. A mono- these I can only mention the ancient St.
Paul's Church, now standing in the village of Wickford ; the
site of the blockhouse, built and owned bv Roger Williams
and Kichard Smith, a portion of which was wrought into the
construction of the interesting mansion now standing on the site ;
a singular formation in a rock known as Devil's Foot, mentioned
in the letters of Mr. Williams : the site of another ancient block-
house on the line of the oldest Indian trail in Narragansett ; the
Rolling Rocks, the home of Canonicus, and perhaps the spot
where the deeds were signed conveying Rhode Island to the
settlei's. The excursion was admirably arranged and conducted
bv the oentlemen of the committee who had it in char<>'e, and
A\as greatly enjoyed by all who shared in it.

The year 1885 brought with it the second centennial anniver-
sary of the Revocation of the Edict ot Nantes, which was pro-
nuilgated October 22, 1085. It is an anniversary of sorrow^ and
sutfisring — of the culmination of a series of persecutions the
bloodiest and most cruel recorded in modern history. In at-
tempting to destroy the Huguenots of France, Louis XIV. ri-
\alled the worst of the Roman emperors in the enormities which
they visited upon the early Christians. The most conspicuous
result of his fatal fanaticism was that it destroyed the lives or
[)roduced the expatriation of nearly 300,000 of the most indus-
trious, the most intelligent and the most religious of the popu-
lation of France. Those who were not put to a cruel death,
made their forbidden flight secretly and in disguise, to the Pro-
testant countries of Europe and to the English colonies of
America. Wherever they went they carried habits of industry,
a knowledge of the useful arts, no inconsiderable Avealth and
high qualities of character, possessions which in that age France
(lid not lose Avithout calamitous consequences to all her highest
interests. The names of many of those who came to our own
shores have been distinguished in American history, and their
descendants still delio-ht to honor the sacrifices and the ^ irtues



ADDKE8S OF IIIK I'KESIDENT. lo

of their ancestors. They have aceordin<^ly made the recent
bi-eentennial anniversary an occasion for forming a Pliiguenot
Historical Society, of which tlie seat is to be in New York. Its
design is to gather and preser\ e the memorials of the ])ersecuted
Huguenots who settled in Ameiica. The undertaking is ceitainly
worthy of all conunendation. tor it cannot fail to bring into fuller
and juster ap})reciation the character and services of this inter-
esting portion ot the American [)eo[)le.

The customary winter course of historical papers at the j)ublic
meetings of the Society held specially tor the purpose, has been
very successfullv maintained during the a ear. These meetintis
have I)een largely attended, and the papers \\hich have been
read have awakened marked interest and have also contrilnitcd
to the increasing taste for historical studies which is so per-
ce[)tible in this conununity. 'Vhv following subjects lia\i' been
presented in carefully prepared papers since our last ainuial
meeting :

I. ''Athens in the Age of JVricles," by Professor Albert
Harkness.

n. "The Framcrs of the Constitution of the I'nited States,"
by Mrs. Martha J. Land) of New York.

HI. The Jntluence of the ( 'rusadcs in Kuropcan History,"
i)y the Rev. James M. Taylor.

IV. "Social and Keligious Lite in a New England Country
Town One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago," by the Rev. Carlton
A. Staples of Lexington, Mass.

Y. "The Transcendental Mo\emcnt in Xca\ England." by
Cliief Justice Durfee.

VL "The Founding of the English State," by Professor
Elisha B. Andrews.

YH. "The Huguenots and the Edict of Nantes," l)y the
President of the vSociety.

A^HL "The Huguenot luHuencc in Rhode Island." \\ritten
by Miss Esther Piernon Cari)entei-, and read by Professor fJohn
L. Lincoln.



l(i RHODE I.SLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

IX. "The French Spoliation Claims and Khode Island
Claimants," bv Mr. Amasa M. Eaton.

X. ''The Services of Henry Wheaton in International Law
and Diplomacy," by ]\Ir. Carl A\'. Ernst of Boston, Mass.

XI. "Apprenticeship and the Manual Training System,"
by Mr. George (J. Mason, Ji.. of Ne\\j)ort.

During the year seven of our resident members have been
removed by death, viz. : Charles D. Jillson, Simon Henry
Greene, Benjamin Wood Ham, William Jones (-ross, George
A. Pierce, Frederic Augustus Stanhope, James Mason Clarke.
Brief notices of these oui' deceased associates Mill be published
with the proceedings of the year.

Of our corres[)onding members we lia\c also to record the
death of Franklin B. Hough, M. D.. which took plac(! at Low-
ville, N. Y., June 11. ISS"), in the sixty-third year of his age.
He was the author of many \aluable works relating to local
history in New York and also in New England, and was an
earnest promoter ot histcnical studies. He was elected a cor-
responding member of this Society in 1875, and he has fre-
quently visited its (^abinet and made important eonti'ibutions to
its collections.

The report of the connnittcc; on the lil)i;ny will contain a full
account of its ])resent condition and also of the character of the
additions of every kind which have been made during the year.
It will be seen that avc arc securing \olumes and ])a])ers of such
importance and interest as shoidd stinudate us to every exertion
in our power not only to keep them with watchful preservatioii,
but also to use them for all the ])in'])Oses they are fitted to subserve.
It will also appear from the report of the committee on publica-
tion that a ncAv volume of our collections has been printed during
the year. It is the seventh in the published series of the Society
and contains, Avith its cai'efully prepared index, three hundred
and eighty pages. The volume was [)id)lished in April, iHJS.i,
and has been favorably received l)y those mIio are interested in
our State history. The edition comju'ised six hundred copies.



ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT. 17

(tf wliicli only ciglity-foiir li.ne tliiKs far been ditipot^ed of to
nicnibers of the Society. A ready purchase of them would en-


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