650 CERASTIUM. .- t ".ASS X. ORDER 1Y.
inches high, more or less branched in a forked manner, "with a solitary
flower from the axis. Leaves opposite, roundish, ovate or oblong, the
upper ones sessile, the lower tapering into a footstalk, and clothed with
soft slender spreading hairs, the margins entire, having a mid-rib,
broad at the base. Flowers numerous, in terminal sub- umbellate
heads, each elevated on a downy pedicle, about the length of the calyx.
Bractea small, leafy. Calyx of five lanceolate segments, clothed with
hairs, each with a narrow pale membranous margin, rather broader on
the inner ones. Petals white, about as long as the calyx, cloven half
way down. Stamens with slender filaments, and small roundish yellow
anthers, of two cells. Styles short, with downy sliymas. Capsule
cylindrical, as long again as the calyx, slightly curved upwards,
striated with ten slender ribs, terminating between ten lanceolate erect
teeth, with the margins rolled back. Seeds numerous, very small,
pale, yellowish brown, kidney-shaped, roughish, with elevated points
on the outer edges.
Habitat. Fields, pastures gardens, road sides, &c. ; frequent.
Annual; flowering from April to June.
This is a very common and very variable plant. It is sometimes
scarcely branched, except at the top, but not unfrequently also it is
branched from the base, and has either a solitary flower from each
axis or is without it ; the leaves are more or less roundish, ovate ov
oblong, with an acute or obtuse point, and the whole plant is clothed
with spreading simple or glandular hairs, or sometimes nearly smooth,
and the upper part of the stem is sometimes viscid, from the hairs
being tipped with small glands, but more frequently it is not so, but
2. C. visco'sum, Linn. (Fig. 740.) Narrow-leaved Mouse-ear Chick-
weed. Stem nearly erect, hairy, viscid ; leaves oblong, lanceolate, or
ovate, the lower ones narrowed into a footstalk ; panicle branched,
sub-umbellate; bractea with a membranous margin; calyx oblong,
with a smooth membranous margin, half as long as the pedicles;
petals about as long as the calyx ; capsule curved upwards, nearly as
long again as the calyx.
English Botany, t. 790. English Flora, vol. ii. p. 331. Hooker,
British Flora, vol. i. p. 215. Lindley, Synopsis, p. 51. C. Triviale,
Link.^~ Koch. FJora Germ, et Helvet, p. 122.
Root fibrous. Stem shortly procumbent at the base, becoming
erect, from three to six or eight inches high, mostly much branched
below, simple upwards, round, leafy, especially at the base it is much
crowded, more or less thickly clothed with hairs, which are simple or
glandular, and often viscid in the tipper part of the stem. Leaves
opposite, oblong lanceolate, or oblong ovate, sessile, the lower ones
tapering into a footstalk, each with a keeled mid-rib. Panicle terminal,
in forked branches, bearing sub-umbellate clusters of numerous
flowers, each elevated on a downy pedicle, about as long again as
CLASS X. ORDER !T.] CE1USTIUM. 651
the calyx. Bracteas ovate lanceolate, herbaceous, the upper ones
with a narrow membranous margin. Calyx of five ovate lanceolate
segments, downy, with a mid-rib and smooth pale membranous margin.
Petals bifid , about as long as the calyx. Stamens with slender fila-
ments, and roundish ovate anthers, yellow, of two cells. Styles short,
with downy stigma.*. Capsule pale thin smooth membranous cylin-
drical, as long again as the calyx, somewhat curved upwards with ten
slender ribs, terminating between the ten erect lanceolate obtuse teeth
at the mouth, having the margins rolled back. Seeds numerous,
small, kidney-shaped, dark brown, rough, with semi-circular lines of
Habitat. Walls, waste places, poor meadows, &c. ; frequent.
Perennial ; flowering during the summer months.
This species^ though nearly allied to the former, is readily distin-
guished by its oblong leaves, less downy segments of the calyx, having
a broadish smooth membranous margin, as well as the bracteas, and
the pedicle of the fruit is often twice or three times as long as the
calyx. The whole plant is more or less hairy and viscid ; it is very
variable in size, and the base is often much crowded with leaves, and
they are of a deeper duller green than those of C. vulgatum, the stem
frequently dark purplish red.
3. C. semidecari drum. Linn. (Fig. 741.) Little Mouse-ear Chick-
weed. Stem erect, or ascending, hairy, viscid ; leaves oblong and
ovate, the lower ones narrowed into a petiole ; panicle branched, sub-
aggregate ; all the bractea and calyx segments with a pale membranous
erosed margin ; pedicles longer than the calyx ; petals slightly cloven,
about as long as the calyx.
English Botany, t. 1630. English Flora, vol. ii. p. 331. Hooker,
British Flora, vol. i. p. 216. Lindley, Synopsis, p. 51.
/3. pumilum. Lower bractea without a membranous margin ; petals
more deeply cloven. Lindley, Synopsis, p. 51.
C. pumilum, Curt. Lond. fas. c. 6. t. 30. Koch. Flora German, et
Helvet. p. 122.
y. tetrandrum. Calyx petals and stamens mostly four. Lindley,
Synopsis, p. 51.
C. tetrandmm, Curt. Lond. fas. c. 6. t. 31. Sagina cerastoides,
Smith. English Botany, t. 166. (bad). Hooker, British Flora, vol. i.
p. 216. English Flora, vol. ii. p. 332.
Root small, branched, fibrous. Stem from two to six inches high,
erect or ascending, simple or branched at the base, round, more or less
clothed with hairs, which are simple, or tipped with a gland, especially
in the upper part. Leaves opposite, ovate, or oblong ovate, the lower
ones tapering into a broadish footstalk, somewhat paler beneath than
above, with a stout mid-rib, and more or less clothed with short hairs.
Panicle terminal, of forked spreading branches, somewhat clustered at
the extremity, and with a solitary flower from the axis of the dirarica-
\ "jzy* **
ENGRAVINGS AND DESCRIPTIONS
FLOWERING PLANTS AND FERNS
HICHAED DEAKIN, M.D.,
AUTHOR OF "THE FLOBA OF THE COLOSSEUM OF SOME," ETC.
VOL. II. CLASSES VI. TO XV.
GEOOMBEIDGE AND SONS, 5, PATERNOSTER ROW.
In compliance with current copyright
law, U. C. Library Bindery produced
this replacement volume on paper
that meets ANSI Standard Z39.48-
1 984 to replace the irreparably
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
CLASS 6. HEXANDRIA. 6 Stamens (equal)
ORDER I. MONOGYNIA. 1 PISTIL.
* Perianth double, inferior.
1. BERBE'RIS, [Page 461.] Calyx of six coloured concave
pieces, the outer ones scaly. Petals six, each with two
glands at the base. Fruit a two or three seeded fleshy
berry Shrubs with spiny stems and leaves, and yellow
2. FRANKEN'IA, [Page 463.] Calyx tubular, four or five-cleft.
Petals six. Stigmas three-cleft. Capsule of one cell, from
two to four valved. Seeds minute, attached to the margin
of the valves Herbaceous plants or under shrubs.
3. PE'PLIS, [Page 464.] Calyx campanulate, with six large
erect teeth, and six small alternate spreading ones. Petals
six, small, or wanting. Stigmas capitate. Capsule mem-
branous, two-celled, many seeded. Herbaceous plants,
with opposite or alternate leaves and axillary flowers.
(See Ly thrum in Class 12.)
** Perianth single, superior.
4. LEUCO'JUM, [Page 465.] Perianth with a short tube and a
campanulate limb of six equal pieces, thickened at the
apex. Flowers from a spalha.
5. GALAN'THUS, [Page 466.] Perianth with a short tube, and
a limb of six unequal pieces, the three outer ones pointed
and spreading, the three inner half as long, erect and
emarginate. Flowers from a spatha.
6. NARCIS'SUS, [Page 467.] Perianth funnel-shaped, with a
spreading six parted limb, orifice of the tube surrounded
with a campanulate or cup-shaped crown. Stamens in
serted into the tube, and concealed within the cup.
Flowers from a spatha.
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
*** Perianth single, inferior, of one piece, the limb of six teeth,
or six- cleft.
7. MUS'CARI, [Page 470.] Perianth ovate, inflated, or cylin-
drical, constricted at the mouth, the limb very short, of six
teeth. Capsule with three prominent angles. Cells two
8. HYACINTH'US, [Page 470.] Perianth tubular, six-cleft, or
six-partite, the segments reflexed, or spreading at the
apex. Stamens inserted about the middle of the perianth.
Capsule obtusely three angled. Cells many seeded.
9. CONVALLA'RIA, [Page 471.] Perianth carnpauulate, or tubu-
lar, six-cleft or six-toothed. Fruit a round three celled
berry, with one or two seeds in each cell.
**** Perianth single, inferior, of six pieces.
10. ASPA'RAGUS, [Page 475.] Perianth of six equal deciduous
pieces, the stamens inserted into the base. Filaments
subulate, smooth. Anthers peltate, erect. Fruit a round
berry, of from one to three cells, with few seeds in each.
Embryo out of the centre.
11. SCIL'LA, [Page 477.] Perianth of six equal deciduous
generally spreading pieces. Filaments filiform, smooth,
inserted into the base of the perianth. Fruits, three celled
capsule, with roundish seeds. (Flowers in racemes.)
12. ORNITHO'GALUM, [Page 479.] Perianth of six persistent
pieces. Stamens inserted into the base of the perianth, the
three outer ones with the filaments dilated at the base.
Stigma small, capitate. Fruit a three angled three furrowed
three celled capsule. Seeds ovate, or angular. (Flowers
racemose or corymbose, with membranous bracteas.}
13. GA'GEA, [Page 481.] Perianth of six persistent pieces.
Filaments not dilated at the base. Stigma gaping. Fruit
a three angled three celled capsule. Seeds round.
(Flowers umbellate or corymbose, yellow, with leafy
14. AL'LIUM, [Page 482.] Perianth of six ovate pieces, cam-
panulate, or spreading. Stigma simple, obtuse. Fruit a
three angled three celled capsufe. Seeds angular. (Flowers
umbellate, arising from a two leaved spatha*).
15. ANTHER'ICCM, [Page 488.] Perianth of six equal spreading
elliptical deciduous pieces. Stamens with filiform mostly
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
bearded filaments. Capsule roundish, three celled. Seeds
16. TULIP'A, [Page 488.] Perianth campanulate, of six equal
pieces. Stigmas thick, sessile, three lobed. Capsule
oblong, three cornered. Seeds flat.
17. FIUTILLA'RIA, [Page 490.] Perianth campanulate, of six
pieces, each with a nectariferous cavity at the base.
Stigmas three, spreading. Capsule oblong, three celled,
three valved. Seeds flat.
18. ACO'RUS, [Page 491.] Flowers arranged upon a spadix.
Spatha wanting. Perianth of six persistent pieces, or
scales. Stamens opposite the divisions of the perianth.
Stigmas obtuse, sessile. Fruit a dry three celled three
valved many seeded capsule.
19. NARTHE'CITJM, [Page 492]. Perianth of six lanceolate
spreading pieces. Stamens six, inserted into the base of the
segments. Filaments persistent, woolly. Style short.
Stigmas angular. Ovary pyramidal. Fruit a three celled
three valved capsule. Seeds numerous, with a filifoim
appendage at the base and apex.
***** Perianth single, inferior, glumaceous.
20. JUN'CUS, [Page 493.] Perianth of six pieces, glutnaceous.
Stamens six (rarely three.) Capsule three celled, three
valved, having the dissepiments in their middle. Seeds
numerous, attached to the dissepiments. (Stems tapering,
leafless, or with rigid smooth round rarely plane leaves.)
21. LU'ZULA, [Page 510.] Perianth of six pieces, glumaceous.
Stamens six (rarely three.) Capsule of one cell, three
valved, valves without dissepiments, three seeded. (Leaves
soft, plane, generally hairy.)
(See Peplis in Order 1. Polygonum in Class 8.)
ORDER II. DIGYNIA. 2 Pistils.
22. OxY'RiA, [Page 517.] Perianth of four pieces, the two
outer ones smallest. Stamens six, two at the base of each
of the inner segments, and one at the outer ones. Styles
two. Stigmas tufted. Fruit a nut, with a winged mem-
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
ORDER III. TRIGYNIA. 3 Pistils.
* Perianth of six pieces.
23. RU'MEX, [Page 518.J Perianth of six pieces, the three
outer ones somewhat united at the base, the three inner
becoming larger after flowering. Stigmas tufted. Nuts
with three sharp angles enclosed in the persistent perianth.
24. SCHEUCHZE'RIA, [Page 529.] Perianth persistent, of six
pieces. Anthers elongated upon very slender filaments.
Capsules three to six, united at the base, roundish,
inflated, each two valved, and one or two seeded.
25. TRIGLO'CHIN, [Page 530.] Perianth of six deciduous
pieces. Anthers nearly sessile. Capsules from three to
six each single seeded, united at the angles, and mostly
separating from the base.
26. TOFIELD'IA, [Page 532.] Perianth of six deciduous pieces,
with minute bracteas at the base of the peduncle. Stamens
smooth. Capsules three to six, united below the middle,
many seeded. Seeds roundish oblong.
** Perianth of one piece.
27. COL'CHICUM, [Page 533.] Perianth single, tubular, long,
with a campanulate six~partite limb. Stamens inserted at
the top of the tube. ' Styles very long. Capsule three,
single celled, united at the base, inflated, many seeded.
(See Elatine in Class 8.)
ORDER IV. HEXAGYNIA. 6 Pistils.
28. ACTINOCAR'PUS, [Page 535.] Calyx of six pieces. Petals
three. Ovaries six to eight. Capsules united at the base,
and spreading in a star-like manner, each two seeded.
ORDER V. POLYGYNIA. Many Pistils.
29. ALIS'MA, [Page 536.] Calyx of three pieces. Petals three.
Ovaries numerous. Nuts distinct, numerous, clustered,
indehisceut, single seeded, deciduous.
CLASS 7. HEPTANDRIA. 7 Stamens.
ORDER I. MONOGYNIA. 1 PISTIL
1. TRIENTA'LIS, [Page 539.] Calyx seven partite. Corolla
plane, of seven segments, united at the base into a ring.
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
Stamens seven, inserted into the ring. Capsule somewhat
fleshy, of one cell, bursting with seven valves. Seeds
(See Ulmus in Class 5, Order 2.)
CLASS 8. OCTANDRIA. 8 Stamens.
ORDER I. MONOGTNIA. 1 Pistil.
* Perianth double, each of five pieces, inferior.
1. A'CER, [Page 540.] Calyx five-cleft. Petals five. Floioers
polygamous. Stamens eight, rarely five or ten. Fruit of
two carpels, united at the base, each with a long mem-
branous wing, single celled, and from one to two seeded.
Trees ivith simple deciduous leaves.
** Perianth double, each of four pieces, superior.
2. EPILO'BIUM, [Page 543.] Calyx tubular, four angled, with
a four-partite deciduous limb. Petals four. Stamens eight.
Style filiform, with a four or two-cleft stigma. Capsule
linear, four angled, four celled, four valved, and many
seeded. Seeds with a tuft of hairs at one extremity.
Herbaceous plants, with purple or rose coloured flowers.
3. (ENOTHE'RA, [Page 551.] Calyx tubular, with a reflexed
four-partite deciduous limb, more or less combined. Petals
four. Stamens eight. Stigma four lobed. Capsule linear
or winged, of four valves, four celled, and many seeded.
Seeds naked. Herbaceous plants, with alternate simple or
pinnatifid leaves, and solitary axillary or terminal spiked
flowers, of a blue, yellow, red, white, or variegated colours.
*** Perianth double, corolla monopetalous, superior.
4. VACCI'NIUM, [Page 552.] Calyx of four or five teeth, or
entire. Corolla of one piece, four or five-cleft. Anthers
of two cells, and with two horns. Fruit a globose berry,
crowned with the persistent calyx, many seeded. Ever-
green or deciduous shrubs, with simple alternate leaves and
axillary or racemose flowers.
**** p er ianth double, corolla monopetalous, inferior.
5. MENZIE'SIA, [Page 555.] Calyx in four or five deep seg-
ments. Corolla ventricose, with a spreading four or five
toothed limb. Stamens eight to ten. Capsule four or five
celled, many seeded, four or five valved, forming the dis-
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
sepimeuts by their inflexed margins, and bursting between
them Low hardy shrubs, with alternate or scattered
leaves, and terminal racemose flowers.
6. ERI'CA, [Page 557.] Calyx of four pieces. Corolla cam-
panulate, ovate or ventricose, with a four toothed limb.
Capsule four celled, four valved, the dissepiments from the
middle of the valves.
7. CALLD'NA, [Page 562.] Calyx of four coloured pieces,
longer than the corolla, and accompanied with four bracteas,
coloured like the calyx. Corolla campanulate, four-cleft.
Capsule four celled, four valved, the dissepiments adhering
to the axis, the valves opening at the dissepiments, and
separating from them.
8. CHLO'RA, [Page 564.] Calyx eight-partite. Corolla nearly
rotate, with a short tube and an eight- partite limb. Stamens
short, inserted into the orifice. Style with a two-cleft
emarginate stigma. Capsule of one cell, two valved, many
***** Perianth single, inferior.
9. DA'PHNE, [Page 565.] Perianth single, inferior, four-cleft,
deciduous. Style short, terminal. Fruit a one celled
single seeded berry.
(See Jtfonotropa in Class 10.)
DIGTNIA. 2 Styles.
(See Polygonum in Order 2, Chrysosplenium and Scleranthus
in Class 10.)
ORDER II. TRIGYNIA. 3 Pistils.
10. POLY'GONUM. [Page 568.] Perianth single, inferior, in four
or five deep coloured segments. Stamens equal in number
to the segments of the perianth, or twice as many, but fre-
quently part of them are abortive. Styles two or three.
Fruit a single seeded compressed or angular nut.
ORDER III. TETRAGYNIA 4 Pistils.
11. PA'RIS, [Page 579.] Calyx of four pieces. Petals four.
Stamens with the anthers of two cells, one on each side of
the filament. Style four, with simple stigmas. Fruit a
berry, of four cells, each cell from four to eight seeded.
SYNOPSIS OP THE GENERA.
12. ADOX'A, [Page 580.] Calyx half inferior, two or three-cleft.
Corolla rotate, with a very short tube, and a four or five
partite limb. Stamens eight or ten. Anthers terminal,
single celled. Styles four or five, with obtuse stigmas.
Fruit a berry, surrounded by the persistent calyx, and
crowned by the apex of the styles, four or five celled.
Herbaceous plants, with compound leaves, and green
capitate flowers, the side floivers having the corolla Jive-
cleft, and the terminal ones four -cleft.
13. ELA'TINE, [Page 581.] Calyx inferior, three or four partite.
Petals three or four, sessile. Stamens equal in number to
the petals, or twice as many. Styles three or four, very
short. Stigmas capitate. Capsules three or four celled,
three or four valved, and many seeded. Seeds cylindrical,
attached to a central free receptacle.
(See Sagina in Class 4.)
CLASS 9. ENNEANDRIA. 9 Stamens.
ORDER I. HEXAGTNIA. 6 Pistils.
1. BU'TOMUS, [Page 583.] Perianth single, inferior, six-partite,
coloured. Stamens nine, six in an outer circle, three in an
inner. Capsules six, connate at the base. Seeds numerous,
linear oblong, attached to the whole inner lining of the
CLASS 10. DECANDRTA. 10 Stamens.
ORDER I. MONOGTNIA. 1 Pistil.
* Perianth double, corolla of five petals, rarely four.
1. MONO'TROPA, [Page 585.] Calyx of four or five coloured
pieces, gibbous at the base. Petals four or five, slightly
united at the base. Stamens eight or ten. Capsule with
four or five cells, four or five valves, many seeded. Seeds
invested with a netted arillus. Herbaceous parasitical
plants, with lea/less scaly stems.
2. PYR'OLA, [Page 586.] Calyx five-cleft, persistent. Petals
five, slightly united at the base. Style longer than the
stamens. Filaments awl-shaped, with two celled anthers,
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENEttA.
appendiculated at the base. Capsule superior, of five cells,
dehiscing at the angles of the base. Seeds numerous, in-
vested with a winged arillus Herbaceous evergreen
plants, with white or pink flowers, unilateral, on a simple
** Perianth double, corolla monopetalous.
3. ANDRO'MEDA, [Page 591.] Calyx five-cleft. Corolla ovate
or campanulate, with a five-cleft reflexed liuib. Stamens
erect. JInthers awned. Capsules four or five celled, four
or five valved, the dissepiments from the middle of the
valve. Low evergreen shrubs.
4. ARBU'TUS, [Page 592.] Calyx five-cleft. Corolla ovate,
with a small five-cleft revolute limb. Stamens ten, villous at
the base. Anthers opening with terminal pores. Berry
granulated, five celled, each cell four or five seeded.
Small evergreen trees or shrubs.
5. ARCTOSTA'PHYLOS, fPage 594.] Calyx small, five-cleft.
Corolla ovate, with a small five-cleft revolute limb.
Stamens ten, smooth. Anthers without pores. Berry
smooth, five celled, each cell single seeded. Small
evergreen under shrubs.
(See Menziesia and Vaccinium in Class 8.)
ORDER II. DIGYNIA. 2 Pistils.
* Perianth single.
6. SCLERAN'THTJS, [Page 595.] Perianth persistent, with an
urceolate tube, and five toothed limb. Stamens inserted
into the perianth, often abortive. Fruit a single seeded
utricule, covered with the hardened tube of the perianth.
Herbaceous plants, with opposite leaves and axillary sessile
7. CHRYSOSPLE'NIUM, [Page 597.] Perianth single, four or five-
cleft, irregular, somewhat coloured. Stamens eight or ten,
inserted into the glandular disk. Styles two, spreading.
Capsule of one cell, with two beaks at the apex. Seeds
numerous. Small succulent herbs.
** Perianth double, calyx of five segments.
8. SAXI'FRAGA, [Page 598.] Calyx of five segments, free, or
attached to some part of the ovary. Corolla of five petals,
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
rarely irregular. Styles two, persistent. Capsule free, or
attached to the calyx, two beaked, two celled, opening be-
tween the beaks. Seeds numerous, smooth or rough, the
receptacle in the middle of the dissepiments. Perennial
or annual herbaceous plants, flowers paniculated, corym-
bose or solitary.
*** Perianth double, calyx tubular, of one piece.
9. DIAN'THUS, [Page 616.] Calyx tubular, five toothed, with
from two to four opposite imbricated scales at the base.
Petals five, contracted at the mouth into a narrow claw.
Stamens ten. Styles two. Capsule of one cell. Seeds
peltate, compressed on one side, concave on the other.
10. SAPONA'KIA, [Page 621.] Calyx tubular, five toothed,
naked at the base. Petals five, contracted at the mouth
into a narrow claw. Stamens ten. Styles two. Capsule
of one cell, four valved at the apex. Seeds roundish,
ORDER III. TRIGYNIA. 3 Pistilt.
* Calyx of one piece, tubular.
11. SILE'NE, [Page 622.] Calyx tubular, often ventricose, five
toothed, naked at the base. Petals five, clawed, mostly
having scales at the mouth, and generally notched or bifid.
Stamens ten. Stigmas three. Capsules three celled at the
base, bursting at the aptx with six teeth.
** Calyx of five pieces.
12. ALSI'NE, [Page 631.] Calyx five, rarely of four piece?.
Petals five, rarely four, entire, or slightly notched.
Stamens ten, some of which are occasionally abortive.
Filaments subulate. Styles three. Capsules three valved,
of one cell, many seeded.
13. CHERLE'RIA, [Page 637] Calyx of five pieces. Petals
five, minute, notched, sometimes wanting. Stamens ten,
the outer ones opposite, the calyx segments with an emar-
ginate gland at the base. Styles three. Capsules three
valved, of one cell, many seeded.
14. ARENA'RIA, [Page 638.] Calyx of five pieces. Petals
five, entire, or slightly notched. Stamens ten, some of
which are occasionally abortive. Styles three. Capsule
six valved, of one cell. Seeds numerous.
SYNOPSIS OF THE GENERA.
15. MOE'HRINGIA, [Page 639.] Calyx of four or five pieces
Petals four or five, entire, or slightly notched. Stamens
eight or ten. Styles two or three. Capsule four or six
valved. Seeds numerous, with an arilliform appendage.
16. STELLA'RIA, [Page 640.] Calyx of five pieces. Petals
five, deeply cloven. Stamens ten, some of which are occa-
sionally abortive. Styles three. Capsule opening with
six teeth at the apex. Seeds numerous.
(See Polygonum in Class 8.)
ORDER IV. PENTAGYNIA. 5 Styles.
* Calyx of jive pieces.
17. MALA'CHIUM, [Page 648.] Calyx of five pieces. Petals
five, bi-partite or einarginate. Stamens ten. Capsules of
five valves, the valves at the end bifid.
18. CERAS'TIUM, [Page 649.] Calyx of five pieces. Petals
five, bi-partite or emarginate. Stamens ten. Capsules
bursting at the top with ten teeth.
19. SPER'GULA, [Page 655.] Calyx of five pieces. Petals five,
entire. Stamens ten, or by abortion five. Styles five.
Capsule of five valves, many seeded.
20. OXA'LIS, [Page 658.] Calyx of five pieces. Petals five,