MCHOL'S SERIES OF STANDARD DIVINES.
Wi'ith ^^iwral preface
BY JOHN C. MILLEE, D.D.,
LINCOLN college; HONORARY CA2s'0N OF WORCESTER; RECTOR OF GREENWICH.
A TEEATISE OF SATAN'S TEMPTATIONS.
EICHAED GILPIN, M.D.
COUNCIL OF PUBLICATION.
W. LINDSAY ALEXAKDER, D.D., Professor of Theolog}-, Congregational
JAMES BEGG, D.D., Minister of Newington Free Church, Edinburgh.
THOMAS J. CRAWFORD, D.D., S.T.P., Professor of Divinity, University,
D. T. K. DRUMMOND, M.A., Minister of St Thomas's Episcopal Church,
WILLIAM H. GOOLD, D.D., Professor of Biblical Literature and Church
History, Reformed Presbyterian Church, Edinburgh.
ANDREW THOMSON, D.D., Minister of Broughton Place United Presby-
terian Church, Edinburgh.
REV. THOMAS SMITH, D.D., Edinbubgd.
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A TREATISE OF SATAN'S TEMPTATIONS.
IN THEEE PARTS
EICHAED GILPIN, M.D.,
VICAR OF OBETSTOKE, CCMBEKLAND ; LATER OF NEWCASTLE-ON-TYSE.
EDITED, WITH MEMOIK,
BY THE REV. ALEXANDER BALLOCH GROSART,
EDINBURGH : JAMES NICHOL.
LONPON : JAl^IES NISBET AND CO. DUBLIN : G. HERBERT.
I. Prefatory Note, .....
II. Memoir of Dr Gilpin, .....
III. D^MONOLOGiA Sacra.
To the Reader, ......
Chapter I. — The introduction to the text, from a consideration
of the desperate ruin of the souls of men — The test opened,
expressing Satan's ^llc5> power, cruelty, and diligence,
Chapter II. — Of the ^aK^of Satan in particular — The grounds
and causes of that"malice— The greatness of it proved; and
instances of that greatness given, ....
Chapter III. — Of Satan's power — His power as an angel con-
sidered — That he lost not that power by^^^]^ly- His dwwg ^
as a devil — Of his commission — The extent of his authority —
The efficacy of his power — The advantages which he hath for
the management of it, from the number, order, place, and
knowledge of devils, .....
Chapter IV. — That Satan hath a great measure of tknowl^dg ^
proved, by comparing him with the knowledge of Adam in
innocency, and by his titles — Of his knowledge, natural, ex-
perimental, and accessory — Of his knowledge of our thoughts —
How far he doth not know them, and how far he doth, and
by what means — Of Ms knowledge of things fiiture. and by
what ways he doth conjecture them — The advantages in point
of temptation that he hath by his knowledge.
Chapter V. — Instances of Satan's power — Of ^ntchcraft i what it
is — Satan's power argued from thence — Of pyoncTei^ r— Whether
Satan can do miracles — An account of what he can do that
way — His power argued from apparitions and possessions, .
Chapter VI. — Of Satan's ^^Selt^ -Instances thereof in his deal-
ing with wounded spirits in ordinary temptations of the
wicked and godly, in persecutions, cruelties in worship — His
cruel handling of his slaves, ....
Chapter VII. — Of Satan's i ^igmg ^ in several instances — The
question about the being of spirits and devils handled — The
Sadducees' opinion discovered — The reality of spirits proved,
Chapter VIII. — Of Satan's cunning and craft in the gen eral —
Several demonstrations proving Satan to be< geceitf iJ ; and
of the reasons why he makes use of his cunning,
Chapter IX. — Of Satan's deceits in particular — WhalQemptatijjrf
is — Of tempting to sin — His first general rule— TEe"jcpn-
sideration of our con dition — His second rule — Of pryvidinf f
suitable temp tation s— In what cases he tempts us to things
unsuitable to our inclinations — His third rule — The cautious
pro posal of the temptation, and the several ways thereof —
His fourth rule is to entice — The way thereof in the general,
by bringing a darkness upon the mind through lust, . 58-G3
Chapter X. — That Satan enticeth by oun^^s^— The several ways
by which he doth it — Of the power and danger of the violence
of affections, ...... G3-68
Chapter XI. — Thaijiist)iarkeus the miud— Evidences thereof—
™-^Kj| • The five ways by which it doth blind men : (1.) By^;^^^-
SLlS^ ■ 1 rtii^ the exercise of tfeits^ — The ways of that prevention :
(T) Secrecy in tempting ; Satan's subtlety therein ; (2.) Sur-
prisal ; (3.) Gradual entanglements, . . . G8-72
Chapter XII. — Of Satan's perverting our reason — His second
J[" way of hJJnSnj^ — The possibility of this, and the manner of
accomplishing it directly, several ways ; and indirectly, by
the delights of sin, and by sophistical arguments ; with an
account of them, ...... 72-76
Chapter XIII. — Of Satan's ^ diverting our rcasim being the third
3» way of blinding men — His policies for diverting our thoughts
— His attempts to that purpose in a more direct manner ;
with the j£grccs of that procedure — Of disturbing or ^^
1» Exacting ou r '•piisrt^, which is Satuyls fourth way of blinoiiig
3r men — His deceits therein — Of g fecipitanc ^, Satan's fifth way
of blinding men — Several deceits to bring men to that, . 77-83
l^u^i^^^jm^i^CHAPTEii XIV. — Of Satan's maintaining his possession — His first
ne for that purpose is his finishing of sin, in its jeit^Rtj
md aggravation — His policies herein, . . "^ . 83-86
Chapter XV. — Of Satan's ^e£jiifl£^lHgjj3et, which is his secon^
3L ejjginejor keeping his possession, and for that purpose~Eis
Tvceping us from going to the light by several subtleties ; also
of making us rise up against the light, and by what ways he
doth that, ....... 86-91
Chapter XVI. — Of Satan's tliird grnnd__p"1icy f"r maintaining his
^ possession ; which is his fei fflied-T} spa5HZ& : ( 1 .) By ceasing
the prosecution of bis design ; and the cases in which he doth
it — (2.) By abating the eagerness of pursuit; and how he doth
that — (3.) By exchanging temptations ; and his policy therein
— The advantage he seeks by seeming to fly — Of his fourth
^ §tojagegi_fur keeping his possession, which is his ^t<ippTngi
^^g^ ^e-e f u t rt glr; and how he doth that, 91-100
Chapter XVII. — Satan's deceits ap;ainst religious services and
duties — The grounds of his displeasure against religious duties
I . — His first design against duties is to prevent them — His
several subtleties for that end, by external hindrances, by
indispositions bodily and spiritual, by discouragements ; the
ways thereof, by dislike ; the grounds thereof, by go]>]ii§lical
arguings — His various pleas therein, . . . 100-118
Chapter XVIII. — Satan's second gr and desipju a gain,st di|tifi s is
L to spoil them — (1.) In the manner of undertaking, and how
he effects this — (2.) In the act or performance, by distracting
outwardly and inwardly — His various ways therein, by vitiat-
ing the duty itself— How he doth that— (3.) After perform-
ance, the manner thereof, ..... 118-125
Chapter I. — That it is Satan's grand design to cornipt tl^f; n;|jnHa
of men with €rro^ — The evidences that it is so — and the
reasons of his endeavours that way, . . . 127-140
Chapter II. — Of the advantages which Satan hath, and useth, for
the introduction of error — (1.) From his own power of
spiritual fascination — That there is such a power, proved from
Scripture, and from the effects of it — (2.) From our imper-
fection of knowledge ; the particulars thereof explained — (3.)
From the bias of the mind — What things do bias it, and the
power of them to sway the understanding — (4.) From curiosity
— (5.) From atheistical debauchery of conscience, . . 140-158
Chapter III. — Of Satan's improving these advantages for error —
I. ^- By deluding: the under standin g directly : which he doth,
(L) By countenancing error from Scripture — Of his cunning
therein— (2.) By specious pretences of mysteries ; and what
these are — Of personal flatteries — (3.) By affected expres-
sions — Reason of their prevalency — (4.) By bold assertions —
The reasons of that policy — (5.) By the excellency of the
persons appearing for it, either for gifts or holiness — His
method of managing that design — (6.) By pretended inspira-
tion — (7.) By pretended miracles — His cunning herein — (8.)
By peace and prosperity in ways of error — (9.) By lies against
truth, and the professors of it, . . . . 158-189
Chapter IV. — Of Satan's second way of improving his advan-
■n- tages, which is by working upon the iinHprsLn.nding indirectly
-'^' bxJjie affprtiinns.— This he doth, (1.) By a silent, insensible
introduction of error — His method herein — (2.) By entangling
the affections with the external garb of error, a gorgeous
dress, or affected plainness — (3.) By fabulous imitations of
truth — The design thereof — (4.) By accomodating truth to a
compliance with parties that differ from it — Various instances
Chapter X. — Of Satan's chief end in this temptation — His skill
in making the means to sin plausible — The reasons of that
policy, with his art therein — Men's ignorance his advantage
— Of the difl'erences of things propounded to our use, . 355-359
Chapter XI. — Of the temptation to distrust upon the failure of
ordmary means — Of the power of that temptation, and the
reasons of its prevalency — Of unwarrantable attempts for
relief, with the causes thereof — Of waiting on God, and
keeping his way — In what cases a particular mercy is to be
expected, ..... . 3G0-3G7
Chapter XII. — Of Satan's proceeding to infer distrust of son-
ship from distrust of providences — Instances of the proba-
bility of such a design — The reasons of this undertaking —
Of Satan's endeavour to weaken the assurance and hopes of
God's children — His general method to that purpose, 367-376
Chapter XIII. — The preparation to the second temptation — Of
liis nimbleness to catch advantages from our answers to
temptation — That Satan carried Christ in the air — Of his
power to molest the bodies of God's children — How little
the supposed hoUness of places privilegeth us from Satan —
Of Satan's policy in seeming to countenance imaginary
defences — Of his pretended flight in such cases, with the
reasons of that policy — Of his improving a temptation to
serve several ends, ..... 376-382
Chapter XIV. — That presumption was the chief design of this
temptation — Of tempting to extremes — AVhat presumption is
— The several ways of presuming — The frequency of this
temptation, in the generality of professors, in hyijocritcs, in
despairing persons, and in the children of God — The reasons
of Satan's industry in this design — His deceitful contrivance
in bringing about this sin — Preservatives against it, . 382-390
Chapter XV. — Self-murder, another of his designs in this
temptation — How he tempts to self-murder dii-ectly, and
upon what advantage he urgeth it — How he tempts to it
indirectly, and the ways thereof — Of necessary preservatives
against this temptation, ..... 390-306
Chapter XVI. — Of pride, Satan's chief engine to bring on pre-
sumption — What pride is, and how it prepares men for sin-
ning presumptuously — Considerations against pride — The
remedies for its cure — Pride kindled by a confidence of
privileges and popular applause, .... 397-401
Chapter XVII. — Of Satan's subtlety in urging that of Psalm xci.
11, 12, to Christ — Of his imitating the Spirit of God in
various ways of teaching — Of his pretending Scripture to
further temptation — The reasons of such pretendings, and
the ends to which he doth abuse it — Of Satan's unfaithful-
ness m managing of Scripture — Cautions against that deceit
— The ways by which it may be discovered, . . 402-il5
Chapter XVIII. — The manner of Satan's shewing the kingdoms
of the -world — Of Satan's preparations before the motion of
sin — Of his confronting the Almighty by presumptuous imi-
tation, and in what cases he doth so — Of his beautifying the
objects of a temptation, and how he doth it — His way of
engaging the affections by the senses— Of his seeming shyness, 4 1 5-423
Chapter XIX. — Satan's end in tempting Christ to fall down and
worship him — Of blasphemous injections — What blasphemy
is— The ways of Satan in that temptation, with the advan-
tages he takes therein, and the reason of urging blasphemies
upon men — Consolations to such as are concerned in such
temptations^Advice to such as are so afflicted, . . 424-430
Chapter XX. — The nature of idolatry — Satan's design to corrupt
the worship of God — The evidences thereof, with the reasons
of such endeavours — His general design of withdrawing the
hearts of men from God to his service — The proof that this
is his design — Upon whom he prevails — That professions and
confidences are no evidences to the contrary — His deceit of
propounding sin as a small matter — The evidences of that
method, and the reason thereof, .... 430-437
Chapter XXI. — Of worldly pleasure— Proofs that this is Satan's
great engine — What there is in worldly delights that make
them so — Counsels and cautions aga,inst that snare, . 438-444
Chapter XXII. — Of Christ's answer in the general— That these
temptations were upon design for our instruction — Of the
agreement betwixt Eph. vi. and Mat. iv. — The first direc-
tion, of courageous resolves in resisting temptations — Its
consistency with some kmd of fear — The necessity of this
courage — Wherein it consists ; and that there is a courage in
mourning spirits, ...... 445-430
Chapter XXIII. — The second direction, that temptations are not
to be disputed — The several ways of disputing a temptation -
— In what cases it is convenient and necessary to dispute
with Satan — In what cases inconvenient, and the reasons
of it, 451-458
Chapter XXIV. — The third direction, of repelling a temptation
without delay — The necessity of so doing— What a speedy
denial doth contain, ..... 459-462
Chapter XXV. — The fourth direction, of repelling a temptation
by Scripture arguments — Of several things implied in the
direction — The necessity of answering by Scripture argu-
ments—The excellency of the remedy- How Scripture argu-
ments arc to be managed, ..... 462-4G9
Chapter XXVI. — The fifth direction, of prayer, and of the serious-
ness required of those that expect the advantage of prayer —
Of God's hearing prayer while the temptation is continued —
Of some that are troubled more, while they pray more, . 470-471
Few who know the fine old quarto ' Dcemonologia Sacra ' of Dr
Gilpin will disi^ute its right to a place of honour in the Series of later
Puritan Divines. To those who have not hitherto heard, — or only
heard of it, — we commend it with all confidence and urgency as in
various respects a remarkable book by a remarkable man. It will be
found — as an early writer says of another — ' mattcr-fuU,' and never-
theless suggestive rather than exhaustive — that is, you have many
rich lodes of the ore of thought opened, but many others incUcated,
not worked ; clear and keen of insight into the deepest places of the
deepest things discussed ; wide in its out-look, yet concentrated in its
in-look ; sagacious and wise in its general conclusions, and passionate
as compassionate in its warnings, remonstrances, and counsels ; fuU of
faith in all 'written' in The Word, and i^atheticaUy credulous in
accepting testimony when a given fact (alleged) is fitted to barb
an appeal ; curious and quaint in its lore ; intense and anxious in its
trackings of sin without and within; pre-Kaphaelite in the vivid
fidelity of its portrayals of satanic guiles, and guises that are always
disguises ; and above all, tenderly ex2oerimental in its consolation to
the tried and troubled. The third part is an exposition of the Tempta-
tion of our Lord, which may bear comparison for thoroughness and
power with any extant.
For our Memoir of Dr Gilpin we have had literally to do every-
thing, inasmuch as next to nothing has thus far been published con-
cerning him — not even his birthplace, or birth or death dates known.
If still we feel the result of our ' labour of love ' in prosecuting the
necessary researches, to be very inadequate, it is gratifjing that we
have secured so much as we have done.
XIV FHEFATORY NOTE.
As iu the preparation of former ]\Iemoirs, our visits aud investiga-
tions have brought us much pleasant intercourse and correspondence
with descendants, representatives, and reverers of the old Worthy.
Family papers of the most private nature have been unreservedly
confided to us — as duly acknowledged in each place where referred to
or used ; and altogether the most imgrudging help has been rendered.
The various friends mentioned in the foot-notes of the Memoir will
be so good as accept this further general acknowledgment.
It only remains to state that the present volume has been edited
on the same principle with Sibbes and Brooks. The text is given
with scrupulous integrity ; references and quotations are traced, and
less known names and dates annotated ; every reference or quotation
of Scripture verified and filled in ; and copious indices are subjoined ;
the two last the more important, that Dr Gilpin liimself seems to
have quoted Scripture from memory, and furnished no ' table ' or
index beyond the heading of the several chapters as ' contents.'
May this revised treatise be used at this later day as in the past, to
help in the great warfare against the Adversary.
Alexander B. Grosart.
*,* It has not been deemed needful to give a list of such slight errata as have come
under our eye in preparing the indiecB ; but mark, with reference to the ' Note,' page 2,
that for ' Dr ' there is a misprint of ' Mr,' and that ' deficiency' is spelled with an 'i' for
MEMOIR OF THE REY. RICHARD Qlh?lK M.D.
IN pursuing our investigations for oui- Memoir of Richard Sibbes, we
found and noted, that his name — in every one of its odd variations
of spelling, numerous as those of Shakespeare and Raleigh — had quite
died out at once of his native county and country, being traceable
nowhere for fully a centmy of years — the stream which rose at Cony-
Weston, Norfolk, in 1524, lapsing in a ' Richard Sibbes, clerk, rector
of Gedding, aged 93, February 2, 1737;' and the blood thencefor-
ward flowing in the female line.i
Very different is it with the name of Gilpin, now before us. From
family-mimiments and genealogies intrusted to us by various repre-
sentatives, of nearer and remoter kin, it were easy to go back many
generations before the earliest-noticed Sibbes ; while at the present
day, in nearly all gradations of circumstance, at home and abroad —
from the original Cumberland and Westmoreland, to ' the gray me-
tropohs of the North ;' from the Castle of Scaleby, to ' huts, where
poor men lie;' and from Wyoming of Pennsylvania to Acadie of
Evangeline and ' chstant Ind ' — Gilpins, descending from oiu- Worthy,
and proud of the descent — sustain the ancient renown of goodness and
brain-power. As I sit down to put my collections into shape, I am
called to place therein the statesman-like Speech on a great public
question of our age, of Charles Gilpin, in the House of Commons —
words destined to re-echo again and again, and determine legislation
— so grave, wise, patriotic. Christian are they ; and now the Libraries
are being besieged for the ' New America ' of William Hepworth
Dixon, wherein I was gladdened with a splendid, yet penetrative
and measured, eulogy of the Founder of Colorado, William Gilpin ;^
both, as I am informed, as do nearly all of the name — in this re-
^ Works of Sibbes, vol. i. pp. 25, 142.
' New America. By W. H. Dixon. With Illustrations from Original Photographs.
2 vols 8vo. 1867. (Hurst and Blackett.) Vol. i., pp. 134-137.
XVI MEMOIK OF RICHARD GILPIN.
sembliag the Eogerses of the United States, who all claim descent
from John Rogers, proto-martyr of England — counting from Bernard
Gilpin, the apostle of the North, the venerable and holy St Bernard
of Protestantism ; and so, as we shall see, from our Richard.
I place in an Appendix ^ such genealogical-antiquarian details as
some readers may look for in a Memoir of a Gilpin ; and summarise
here that the author of ' Dcemonohgia Sacra' was sprung of a race
such as old Dan Chaucer would have cited in teaching ' who is loorthy
to he called genfill ' as we may judge by a few of liis golden lines : —
' The first stocke was full of riglitwisnes,
Trewc of his wordc, sober, pitoug, and free.
Clene of his goate ; and loved besinesse.
Against the vice of slouth, in honeste :
And but his heirc love vertue as did he,
He is not gentill, though he rich seme.
All wcarc he miter, crownc, or diademe.'-
Tuming now to Dr Richard Gilpin — whose remarkable book is in
the present volume faithfully reprinted ; he was grandson of Richard,
a younger brother of the illustrious Bernard, his father being an Isaac
Gilpin. We get a glimpse of both grandfather and father in the
county History as follows :— ' In a small manuscript by one Isaac
Gilpin, — whose father [Richard Gilpin, as be/ore] had been steward of
several manors within the barony of Kendal, and died about the .year
1630, at the age of 92 years,— he says he had heard of his father, and
observed the same himself, that by general custom within the said
barony, if a woman hath an estate, and married, hereby the estate is
so far vested in the husband, that he may sell it in his life-time ; but
if in his life-time he doth not alter the property, tlien it shall continue
to her and her heirs.' 3 This little record takes us to ' the barony of
Kendal,' the ' Land ' of Bernard Gilpin ; and thither accordingly, we
turned our search. There was a vague traditionary understanding
that our Richard Gilpin was born, as of the same family, so in the
same region of 'Kentmere;' but nothing definite had hitherto been
known. The Kentmere ' Registers ' do not commence until a.d.
1700; and thus we were baffled there. But Kentmere being a
chapelry in the old Parish of Kendal, a hope was indulged that in
the parent-parish the wished-for facts should be discovered ; nor were
we disappointed, for in the Baptism-Register, under date ' October
23, 1625,' there is this entry: —
' Richard, son of Isaac Gilpin, of Strickland Kettle,'
1 Sec Appendix A., lii-lv.
° From above, and other parallels, it will he seen that Burns only put more tersely
and memorably an old sentiment in his —
' The rank is but the guinea stamp,
The man 's the gowd for a' that.'
3 Xicolson and Burns's Cumberland and Westmoreland, vol. i., p. 26.
MEMOIR OF RICHARD GILPIN. XVll
which is our Worthy, as after-dates will shew.i He might be born a
week more or less previously, accordtag to the then ' use and wont '
of infant baptism. The same Eegister furnishes another earlier entry,
which — if we are correct in surmising that the Isaac Gilpin of Strick-
land Kettle in 162.5, was the same with the Isaac of it — informs us
Richard was a younger son : —
' 1623, May 3, Henry, y'' soun of Mr Isaacke Gilpin of Helsington.'
Elsewhere he is named ' of Gilthroton, co. Westmoreland ;' and seems
to have been the same who was clerk to the Standing Committee of
county Durham in 1645.2 That Isaac Gilpin was ' steward of several
manors ' probably covers the different local designations. There are
so many Gilpins, and so many of the same Christian name, that it is
hard to decide on given personalities ; but, after considerable com-
parison and sifting, such appears to us to be the parentage paternally
of Dr Gilpin. Maternally I have come on nothing ; for an Elizabeth
Gilpin, widow of Isaac Gilpin, merchant, Newcastle, though of the
same stock, was not his mother. This 'widow' was buried in AU
Saints, 7th November, 1694.3 Archdeacon Cooper, of Kendal, in
transmitting these data, remarks : ' The mode of writing, and the
insertion of 3Ir, indicates a person of some importance.' But with
reference to ' Mr,' I suspect it is rather accidental, as it is inserted in
the one, and left out in the other; and moreover, is frequently
omitted when, from other sources, we know the family was of im-
portance. Little Eichard must have been just beginning to toddle
about when his venerable giandfather's snow-white head [' aged 92']