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Genealogical and memorial encyclopedia of the state of Maryland, a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation; (Volume 1) online

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sold as a Government reservation. Another son, Job Peirce,
married Sally Harvey. They had but one child, Elizabeth
Cloud Peirce, who was the ancestress of numerous residents
of Baltimore. Her father died when she was a little girl, so
she resided with her grandparents on the Rock Creek estate,
and rode to and fro in an ancient coach, whose doors are said
to have borne the blazoning of the Peirce arms. She was an
heiress, and bewitchingly pretty, and it was during the War of
1812 that she met her fate in the person of a young English-
man, Henry L. S. Ould, whom she married, as above noted.
Five children were born to them: Elizabeth Jane Peirce, born
April 12, 1822, died November, 1825; Pauline Gaither, born
September 24, 1823, died March 31, 1826; Henry Peirce, born
February 24, 1827, died January 13, 1829; Charles Eugene
Eckle, born February 21, 1830, died unmarried, November
16, 1863; Marion Hall, mentioned below.

Marion Hall Ould, youngest child of Henry L. S. and
Elizabeth C. (Peirce) Ould, was born July 14, 1834, and died
April 24, 1909. He was one of the foremost citizens of Balti-
more, and became prominent in business and financial circles.
He was second vice-president of the Commonwealth Bank,
and vice-president of the Game Wardens' Association.
Though he never took active part in politics he always showed
great interest in the political happenings of the day and was
a lover of sports. He was a member of the Independent Order
of Odd Fellows. Mr. Ould married, June 28, 1855, Mary
Susanna Swift, daughter of Daniel Swift of Bucks county,
Pennsylvania, and Mary Martin, his wife, of Harford county,



256 GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL

Maryland. Their children were: Mary Elizabeth, born
April, 1856, died May, 1856, and Margaret A., mentioned
below.

Margaret A. Ould, child of Marion H. and Mary S.
(Swift) Ould, was born June 7, 1857, married, August 1, 1877,
Walter B. Swindell, born June 21, 1850, son of William and
Henrietta (Mullard) Swindell. Children: 1. Marian Ould,
born May 19, 1878, died December 22, 1884. 2. Walter B.,
born April 1, 1880; married, October 26, 1901, Gertrude Hal-
dane de Valasco, daughter of Charles Fernandez and Eliza-
beth (Reed) de Valasco, son of Rafael Fernandez and Sarah
Jane (Haldane) de Valasco; children: Walter B., born No-
vember 14, 1903, died November 16, 1905; Robert Haldane,
born January 6, 1907; Margaret, December 20, 1909. 3.
Sue Ould, born November 15, 1881 ; married, April 28, 1906,
Claude Carlyle Nuckols, born February 26, 1880, son of
Samuel Claiborne and Luella (Wasson) Nuchols, of Ver-
sailles, Kentucky; children: Claude Carlyle, born April 14,
1907; Margaret Ould, March 30, 1909; Walter Swindell,
August 1, 191 1 ; Susannah, November 1, 1913; Samuel Clai-
borne, October 15, 191 5. 4. Jane, born January 8, 1884; mar-
ried Charles Howard Smith of Seattle; children: Frances
Townley, born July 30, 1910; Charles Jackson, December 9,
1 91 2. 5. Margaret, born July 12, 1886, married Robert
Quincy Baker of Coshocton, Ohio; child: Robert Quincy,
born June 15, 1910.




JOHN ANTHONY LECOMPTE RADCLIFFE

'"THE BALTIMORE CLIPPER marks an era in the in-
dustrial life of Maryland, around which is the fascination
of romance. The ships of Maryland sailed the Seven Seas and
were found in every harbor in the world. Generations of
ship-builders developed a craft which combined speed with
sea-worthiness to an unusual degree. The accumulation of
family and community experience brought ship-building along
the shores of the Chesapeake Bay to an extraordinary state of
perfection. The industrial life of tide-water Maryland was
dominated by this activity. The successful planter or farmer
was usually a ship builder, or at least a ship owner. The
slave was frequently useful, not only in the field but also in
the ship-yard. The magnificent quantities of virgin oak and
other forms of timber afforded sufficient suitable building
material. The profits from the sale or rental of the vessels
were large since the builder owned often the laborers, and
the building materials, and raised nearly all of his food on
his plantation or took it from the adjacent waters. The result
was production at a minimum cost.

An excellent representative of this type of combination of
shipbuilding and planter was John Anthony LeCompte Rad-
cliffe. In 1687 Richard Radcliffe, a young Quaker, came to
Talbot county, Maryland, via Pennsylvania, from Rosendale,
Lancashire, England. He soon became active as a land-owner
and ship-builder. In time his grandsons went west or south,
and one of his great-grandsons, John Ratcliffe, or Radcliffe,
there was the customary early Colonial doubt or indifference
as to method of spelling proper names came to Dorchester
and there married Fannie LeCompte, the great-granddaughter
of Anthony LeCompte, one of the first settlers in Dorchester
county, who had received a patent for land there in 1659.
MD.n



258 GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL

This section of Dorchester county lying between the Chesa-
peake Bay and the Choptank River early attracted settlers.
The records all indicate that the colonists who came there
furnished a commingling of types unusual even for those days
when the spirit of adventure was uppermost. These first set-
tlers intermarried, and to a very large extent their descend-
ants continued to live in or near the homes of their fathers.

Fannie LeCompte was descended from a number of these
early settlers in this section. For instance, from Dr. Robert
Winsmore, presiding justice of the county and probably the
first physician or "chyrurgeon" in the county; from Stephen
Gary, a man of unusual characteristics to whom reference
will be made later; from Charles Powell, son-in-law of
Stephen Gary, first lawyer in Dorchester county, and through
her mother, Mary Sewell, from a famliy which had been
actively connected with the affairs of the county. Their only
son was James Sewell Radcliffe, who married Margaret
Harris, a descendent of Henry Beckwith, another pioneer of
that section of the county. Their oldest son was John Anthony
LeCompte Radcliffe, the subject of this sketch.

John Anthony LeCompte Radcliffe was born on February
6, 1 8 1 8, on a farm which had been inherited by his father from
successive generations of LeCompte owners. He inherited the
advantages and disadvantages resulting from the fact that his
family had lived for generations in a community somewhat
isolated, but with traditions of a vigorous and active partici-
pation in the affairs of the county. He also inherited a mag-
nificent physique and unusual vigor and strength of mind and
body. In spite of the fact that one Hill, a few years after the
county was settled, had left a small provision in his will for
the endowment of a free school in the community, the educa-
tional facilities one hundred and twenty-five years later were
restricted to the rather scanty opportunities offered by private



GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL 259



tutors or by teachers paid jointly by a combination of neigh-
bors. John Anthony LeCompte Radcliffe's opportunities for
education were very limited, but his mind was naturally
studious. Throughout his lifetime a considerable part of
every day was spent in reading, especially of books on history,
theology, philosophy, etc.

Almost every ancestor of John Anthony LeCompte Rad-
cliffe had combined farming and ship-building. It would
have probably been impossible for him to realize when he
first acquired a taste for, or a knowledge of, these occupations.
While still a young man he acquired Spocot, a few miles from
his birthplace. This had been patented by his grandfather in
the seventh generation, Stephen Gary, in 1662. Stephen Gary
had selected Spocot from his thirty or more holdings in Mary-
land, Virginia and England, as his "home plantation," as he
termed it in his will. From there his restless spirit directed
his numerous activities. Besides the constant patenting and
developing of land, he was always active in the affairs of the
colony, several times as high sheriff, as commissioner to or-
ganize the county, as judge, etc. He was one of the most
vigorous and striking characters in the early history of the
county. Spocot has continued to this day in the possession and
ownership of his descendants.

John Anthony LeCompte Radcliffe brought Spocot to a
high state of development. He owned a considerable number
of slaves and large tracts of timber land, and Spocot illustrated
to a remarkable extent the type of a self-sufficient little com-
munity. Its cotton and wool supplied clothing. Its fertile
fields afforded an unusual wide variety of food. The waters
of Gary's Creek upon which it bordered furnished sea food
of many kinds. Saw and grist mills, iron forges, carpenter
shops and a commissary helped to care for the needs of the
family and the slaves and for the ship-yard located at Spocot.



260 GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL

In its shallow river vessels of surprising seaworthiness were
built. At least one of the vessels launched there in not over
six feet of water is known to have circumnavigated the world.

The work of his farm, the ship-yard, the demands of his
family and his lifelong fondness for reading were absorb-
ing, but his contributions to the political life of the community
were not unimportant. Each time that he ran for office he
was elected by majorities which were unusually large in his
county. As president of the Board of County Commissioners,
as member of the Legislature, and in many other political
capacities, his services were helpful.

John Anthony LeCompte RadclifTe was saturated with
the traditions of his community, and his lifelong effort was to
perpetuate and develop the best of these in harmony with the
march of progress. He tried to give his children the advant-
age of opportunities similar to those which he had received
and better whenever possible. Possibly the predominating
characteristic of his life was the desire to be truly helpful to
those around him. He was the last in his community to
continue the old-fashioned hospitable but expensive method of
keeping "open house" throughout the year to which his rela-
tives and friends were at all times welcome. It is undoubtedly
true that during his lifetime there was no place in Dorchester
county where hospitability was so freely, so cordially and so
generously extended as at Spocot. On June 8, 1901, he died,
full of years, beloved by the community whose interests he
had served so well, in fact, better doubtless than by any man
who has ever lived there.

He was married twice. His first wife was his cousin,
Rebecca Beckwith. Three children by that marriage sur-
vived him: Laura, widow of William H. Travers; Nellie,
wife of Nicholas Goldsborough Henry; and a son, William
W. Also he left a grandson and granddaughter, John Ram-



GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL



261



say and LeOlin, the son and daughter respectively of a son who
pre-deceased him. His second wife was Sophie D. Robinson,
widow of A. J. Robinson, and daughter of Thomas Broome
Travers, born September 18, 1802, died June 25, 1875. Three
children were born to his second marriage, all of whom sur-
vived their father, namely: Thomas Broome Travers, James
Sewell, and George L. Radcliffe.









m



son



THOMAS BROOME TRAVERS

/^N the map, the western part of Dorchester county seems
to be a part of the mainland. However, for a long time,
and in fact so long that the "memory of man runneth not to the
contrary," most of this section has been an island separated by
a narrow stream called Slaughter creek from the mainland.
One of the early settlements in the county was on this island,
then considerably larger than at present since much of it has
unfortunately been washed away by the stormy waters of the
Chesapeake bay. The pioneer settler on this island was
Thomas Taylor, after whom the island was named. Shortly
afterwards his cousin, William Travers, came there to settle.
William Travers died in 1701, devising by his will a consid-
erable amount of real estate. One of his sons, Matthew, be-
came one of the wealthiest and most prominent men in the
county. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Hooper,
the second in line of successive generations of Henry Hoopers,
who furnished probably the most striking illustration in the
history of the county of the passing not only of the surname but
of a marked degree of prominence from father to son.
brother of this Elizabeth was Henry Hooper, owner and
builder of Warwick Fort Manor. Another sister married
John Broome, sometimes spelt Brome, whose prominence per-
sonally and that of his family are well known to students of
Maryland Colonial history. From both of these daughters of
Henry Hooper, Thomas Broome Travers, the subject of this
sketch, was descended.

Successive generations of Traverses and other allied
families continued to live on Taylor's Island. The status of
island, the distance from Cambridge, the county seat, and
the almost impossible roads prohibited easy communication
with Cambridge and other parts of the county. This isolation



GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL 263

and the unusual industrial advantages of Taylor's Island re-
sulted in the development of a community unique in many
respects. Fertility of the soil, large holdings of slaves, big
profits from shipbuilding, ownership of vessels trading with
"Brazil and The Indies," produced a state of considerable
prosperity. The water as well as the land furnished food
in abundance. The houses were commodious, although a
simple style of architecture prevailed even in the homes of
the richest. The dominant families were closely bound to-
gether by blood and almost daily association. House parties
were large and frequent. Educational provisions were quite
good. The children were usually sent to school in Baltimore
or taught by tutors in private homes. It is doubtful whether
any section of Dorchester county, or of any other county in
the colony or State, had in proportion to population so many
men of wealth. The loss of slaves, injurious tides, the wash
of the sea and other causes brought about serious changes for
the worse in the community life of Taylor's Island. In recent
years a new era of prosperity has begun to develop.

Thomas Broome Travers was born in 1702, the son of
Thomas Broome and Delia Travers. He was born in one of
the Travers' homesteads which had been in the family for
many generations. He increased his inheritance, which was
considerable, by industry and excellent judgment, so that at
the time of his death he was one of the wealthiest men in the
county. His many farms were well handled. Throughout
his life he was constantly building vessels, which from their
ocean and bay trade brought in considerable revenue.

Thomas Broome Travers was an excellent representative
of the type of business man which in many respects has per-
force ceased to exist. Since not a bank existed in the county
until the latter part of his life, all of his various operations
were conducted without the use of bank checks. Payments



264 GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL

running up in the thousands of dollars were made and received
in gold. Large quantities of gold were frequently kept on
hand. For instance, a package containing $4,000 in twenty
dollar gold pieces was allowed by him in one case to remain
unopened for a period of at least fifteen years. He loaned
many thousands of dollars to his friends, always without any
form of note or written acknowledgement or receipt.

He was an Episcopalian throughout his life and furnished
the larger part of the funds for the building of the Episcopal
church now standing on Taylor's Island. This church with
its solid walnut pews and other unusual features is an in-
teresting survival. It took the place of one of the old Colonial
"Chapels of Ease" which had been a matter of interest to
students of history. The dramatic scenes illustrated on the
coast of Taylor's Island during the Revolutionary War, and
especially during the War of 18 12, and which have never
found proper place in history were matters of keen interest to
him, and he endeavored to preserve fitting mementoes of these
times, especially in so far as members of his family had par-
ticipated.

He married his cousin, Elisabeth Travers, who died at
the age of twenty-two, leaving three little daughters. These
three daughters survived him. They were Sophie D., widow
of John Anthony LeCompe Radcliffe, a sketch of whom pre-
cedes this; Mary, widow of William Cator, and Addie, wife
of E. L. Griffith. Thomas Broome Travers never married
again, but devoted the best of his time and energy to the
welfare of his daughters. It was his aim to bridge over the
loss to his children of their mother by assuming personally
as many as possible of maternal duties and responsibilities.
In spite of the engrossing nature of his business enterprises, he
followed most closely the details of the daily lives of his
daughters. He provided private instruction for them at his



GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL 265

home, and as soon as they were large enough, he sent them
to private school. A little instance illustrating his efforts to
see that their desires and plans were properly looked after is
seen in the arrangements which he made in regard to the wed-
ding cake of his oldest daughter. To insure as much as possi-
ble against accident, he sent one of his best sailing vessels to
bring the cake from Baltimore and permitted the vessel to
have no other mission. Possibly the most distinguishing
characteristics of Thomas Broome Travers were the personal
attention and interest which he gave to the daily life of his
daughters, and his constant efforts to give them the best of
training and education. This was carefully done in spite of
engrossing business cares.

He died in 1875, leaving one of the largest estates in the
county. The best heritage to his many descendants was, how-
ever, his reputation for integrity, ability and general worthi-
ness.




WILLIAM HADDON MARRIOTT

A TINY miserable-looking stream running through the heart
of the City was one of the odd features of Baltimore.
This little stream, known as Jones' Falls, was not large enough
to be of any commercial value, or to afford any of the simplest
advantages or pleasures of a water front. There was enough
of it, however, to cause it to be regarded as a general nuisance.
From time to time efforts were made by the erection of walls,
etc., to protect the adjoining property from the spasmodic
tendency of Jones' Falls to overflow its banks. Eventually a
more or less comprehensive scheme of retaining walls and
bridges was decided upon by the city. The work was en-
trusted to a young architect and engineer of the city, William
Haddon Marriott, who, with his partner, Charles H. La-
trobe, prepared and put into successful execution plans for the
work. Imposing bridges, especially at St. Paul and Calvert
streets, etc., crossed Jones' Falls and massive retaining walls
eventually removed the barrier to traffic which Jones' Falls
had occasioned, and attractive terraced gardens designed by
Mr. Marriott took the place of the dreary looking shores
which had fronted the Falls. The most important growth of
the city, that to the north, resulted.

Many other public works for Baltimore and various
other cities throughout the State of Maryland requiring en-
gineering and architectural skill were designed and constructed
by Mr. Marriott. Among these are the Casino and Observa-
tory at Patterson Park, Baltimore. To the successful ac-
complishment of work on behalf of the city Mr. Marriott de-
voted many years of his life. The utility and general excell-
ence of this work have always been universally recognized.
Also a number of the churches in the City and large private
buildings were constructed by him.

Mr. William H. Marriott was born September 23, 1849.



GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL 267

Through his mother he was descended from a family of Wil-
sons, whose business activities have been an important factor
in the development of Baltimore. His paternal grandfather,
William H. Marriott, Collector of the Port of Baltimore, once
candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, was for many years a
prominent figure in the political, social and financial life of
Baltimore. General Marriott married Jane McKim, a mem-
ber of the Baltimore family of that name which has played
such a prominent part in the history of Baltimore since the
early days of the nineteenth century. Mr. Marriott was also
descended from General John Hammond, of Colonial and
Revolutionary War fame. His Marriott ancestry in Mary-
land ran back to John Marriott, one of the earliest settlers
on the Severn river in Anne Arundel county, Maryland, who
arrived there about the middle of the seventeenth century.
John Marriott was one of the strenuous type and an interest-
ing account of some of his experiences with the Indians in
1681 is given in the Archives of Maryland. The Marriotts
intermarried with the Sewells and other early settlers of
Colonial Maryland.

Mr. Marriott married Mrs. Aline T. Marriott, nee
Bracco, who, with one daughter, Mrs. George L. Radcliffe,
survived him.

The prominent position which Mr. Marriott early in life
acquired in his profession promised a brilliant career therein.
In early middle age, however, he was attacked by a severe
illness and remained a partial invalid for fourteen or fifteen
years, that is, until his death on December 18, 1912. In the
work of his profession Mr. Marriott showed marked ability.
Possibly, however, his most distinguishing characteristic was
a judicial cast of mind, exhaustive and impartial in its work-
ings, combined with a spirit of toleration, gentleness and
patient endurance.



ABIJAH H. EATON

TN the year 1877, Baltimore first knew Abijah H. Eaton as
" a young man of fine points, who had come out of the west
via the maritime Provinces of Canada, gathering during the
years 1867 to 1877, considerable reputation as a promoter of
business schools, and as the joint author of a text book on
arithmetic. Baltimore quickly endorsed the young educator,
and until his death forty years thereafter, he was the head of
the leading business college of that city, a member of the bar,
and an author of standard textbooks. He passed from man-
hood to the prime of life, reached the crest, and for several
years walked amid lengthened shadows, but his ambition did
not abate, although the physical man weakened, neither did
his mental power deteriorate, and during his seventy-sixth
summer, 1916, he revised and enlarged a work on bookkeep-
ing, corporation voucher, and cost accounting. He was wide-
ly known as the founder of Eaton and Burnett's Business Col-
lege, and in Grace Methodist Episcopal Church as the faith-
ful, devoted member of thirty years standing.

Mr. Eaton came from one of the oldest Colonial families,
his ancestor, Francis Eaton, a passenger on the "Mayflower,"
his name on the list of Signers of the "Compact," the first
form of government under which the Pilgrims lived. From
Francis Eaton sprang a distinguished line of descendants,
soldiers of the Revolutionary War, and in every war their
country has ever waged, leaders in the professions, in public
life, and in business. Abijah H. Eaton was a grandson of
Nathaniel Eaton, of Boston, Massachusetts, and a son of
Friend and Mary (Law) Eaton, who moved to Akron, Sum-
mit county, Ohio.

Abijah H. Eaton was born in Akron, Ohio, April 26,
1840, and died in Baltimore, Maryland, December 29, 1917.




CC<9&. ^tz^crrt^



GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL 269

In 1845, his parents moved to Doylestown, Wayne county,
Ohio, and there he attended public and private school, and
took special business courses under private teachers. When
the Civil War called the manhood of the north to the "colors,"
he, with three brothers, enlisted, Abijah H. safely passing the
perils of war and returning to his family. In 1865, in com-
pany with Joel Warner, he opened an English school in
Chatham, capital of Kent county, Ontario, Canada, and at
the same time entered as a special student in the British-
American Business College at Toronto, completing a business
course of study which he needed in the career he had marked
out for himself. He taught in Musgrove and Wright's Busi-
ness College in Ottawa, capital of the Dominion of Canada,
for one year (1866), going thence to St. John, New Bruns-
wick, in the winter of 1867. There he founded Eaton's Busi-
ness College and began his half a century connection with
business college promotion and management. Eaton's Busi-
ness College of St. John prospered, and in 1868 a college of


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