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♦917.94 0121



Accession



568727



NOT TO BE TAKEN FROM THE LIBRARY



FORM 3427-45O0 8-



3 1223 04590 i^o-^



POLK'S

OAKLAND

(CALIFORNIA)

CITY DIRECTORY

roL. 1928 ^^^^^

INCLUDING
AiLAMEDA, BERKELEY, EMERYVILLE AND PIEDMONT

ntaining an Alphabetical Directory of Business Concerns and Privat
Citizens, a Street and Avenue Guide and Much Information
of a Miscellaneous C/. ''bracter

\ ALSO



A BUYERS^ GUIDE

and a Complete

CLASSIFIED BUSINESS DIRECTORY

FOR DETAILED CONTENTS SEE GENERAL INDEX



DIRtClORY 7
IS 1HEC0MM0r>*
INTERMEDIARY'
BETWEEN /
BUYER"»SELLeR'



PRICE SKfnfnaiK $18.00



R. L. POLK & CO., of California

Publishers

470 Thirteenth Street

OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA

Directory Library for Free Use <f Public at 47^ 13th Street, Room 1.

Member Association of K ■'tli American Direct'""y Publishers
COPYRIGHT 1928 BY I I- POLK & CO.. Of CALIFORNIA



568727



SECTION 28

Copyright Law

In Force July 1, 1909

any person who wilfully and for profit shall infringe aii^
• t secured by this act, or who shall knowingly or wilfully
'iet such infringement, shall be deemed guilty of a raisde-
and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by iniprison-
' not exceed-ng one year, or by a fine of not less than onp

dolb' ore than one thousand dollars, or both, in the



PUBLISHER'S NOTE

inforn itiot:^ ii .'.is Directory is gathered by an actual
and is ci -:•):' ' i; n way to insure maximum accuracy.

)ublishers casimot and do not guarantee the correctness of
nation fuip^^ii&.i ir, ,' nor the complete absence of errors
5sions, her. isibilitv for same can be or is as-



publishers ea
ny inaccuracy
'iiectory.



est the bringing to their atten-
y be corrected in the next issue

K L. POLK & CO., of California.



3 1223 04590 1262



GENERAL INDEX



Abbreviations 245-246

Advertising Department 109-214

Alphabetical List of Names 247-1 568

Apartment Houses 1571

Associations, Clubs and Societies 1714

Bank Department 119

Buildings, Blocks and Halls 1594

Business and Commercial Associations 1714

Business Directory 1569

Buyers' Guide ■. 109-214

Cemeteries 1 598

Churches 1600

City and County Government , 58

Classified Business Directory •. . 1569

Clubs . . . 1608

Colleges and Private Schools 1610

Consular Officers 1612

County Government 59

Directory Library 11

Federal Government Officers 1462

Fire Department 'iS

Fraternal Organizations 1714

General Directory of Names 247 -1568

Hospitals, Homes and Sanitariums 1649

Introdui.tion 10-11'

Justice Courts 58

Labor Organizations 1659

Libraries and Reading Rooms 1665

Military 60

. i iscellaneous Information 58-61

Parks and Playgrounds 1686

Piers 59 and 1691

Police Department 58

Po]>ulation 10

Postoffice Department 1207

Public Library 1665

Schools and Colleges 1708

-^''hools — Public 60

Societies — Secret and Fraternal 1714

State Officers and Boards 1462

Street and Avenue Guide 62-94

Superior Courts 60

Trade and Labor Organizations 1659

LTnited States Courts and Officers 146?

Wharves 59 and V



INDEX TO ADVERTISERS



A to Zed school right side lines and 196

Abbott John w C right side lines and 166

Advertising Service Bureau

Alameda County Title Jns. Co. .^^.. .^.^.^. .^.^. ^^^

Alhambra Water Depot.. right side lines and 152

American Trust Co.. -jg

Andersons Carpet House. ......^. .:■•■• •■••

ADDleton G W right bottom lines and is*

S^faS?'^-:righfSt!Sil-aSS
IXT^rnse^'Mfg "co^'.lIfTtop lines- and

llK"Se?b1n D.' right top lines and 64

Bank of Italy

Bardwell Horace ^^ ^:- -;^' ' i^ssifled tab
Barnes Milk Sanltarlum.^^.^. . ._.p. .jj^^- • -^-^ ■ • ^^^

Eiif'Sa^'";;;;;;'!^^'."'-^^-'™

Bell & Boyd •.•;;■■

Bennetts Collection Association^ . ..^.^ . ^.^^ ^^^

Bentley Margaret S^h°°' bottom ' lines ' and 200
Ber'g'er'&HoliidBe.. right bottom lines and 166

Berkeley Chamber of Commerce 16

Berkeley Gazette Publishing Co. i'»

Berkeley Steel Construction Co Inc .205

iest Steel Casting Co. right bottom lines and 168

Blythe. Witter & Co._^. . . . . . .^^ }^=

Bond & Goodwi
Breuner John



Page



Fairbanks Morse & Co



Farmers & Merchants Say Bk



.....left bottom lines and 115



Finn John _Metal_ Work:
Fireman " "'



left top lines and 122



& Tucker Inc.



..front cover,' right top lines and 157

Bridge Realty Co right top lines and 192

Brown Everett J and Ledwich Tho^f^ ^ ' ^ t,„„

Buliis Benson SDr left side ""« ahd?"

Button Fred L Law OfBce see legal section

Calaveras Cement Co ■ . ■ • • • "■?

CaUfornia Builders Co.. top stencil edge and 131
California Compressed Gas Co. ....•..■■■■ ■ J"J
California Crematorium and Columbarium. 148

California Door Co The......... ■ '='

California Health Pood jThe^ VenusK . .^.^^ ^^^

California Pottery Company...... *

California School of Arts & Crafts........

right bottom lines and 191

California Wire Cloth 212

Capwell H C Company The ■

•^ right top lines and 140

Cavalier'wm & Co Front cover and 126

Central Construction Co ••■■■■:; ;5q

Central National Bank (Bond Dept) . . . . . . . i^a

Central Savings Bank Front cover and 121

Central Shuey Creamery '''

Central Title Co fii.

Chanslor & Lyon Co.... iii'Vrirt 1Q4

Chicago Rubber Stamp Co 184 and 194

Chlnn-Beretta Optical Co J?"

Clark N & Sons.......... j"

Clay. Hotchkiss & Schroeter. .......... •.■• ]°°

Colonial Cafeteria . .right bottom hnes and 138

Contra Costa Building Material Co 133

Cosgrave's Inc

counsellor Sanltarlum^^^. ^.^.^.^^^. -^j^^^ -^-^^ ,^5

Crediiors Association of ^^Oakland .^^^ . .^^^ ^^^

Crosby '&' Crosby .■.^^^.'^^^M^rf'i°4?

Curtain Store The Inc. right side lines and 149
Dean Lippis Ford Corner. . .back cover and 114
DeVriese Moe Private Convalescent Home. 14B

Dickson & Holbrook -"^

Dr Wong Him Herb Co ■

right bottom lines and 140

DrucQuer & Sons left side ""es and 142

Dunn. White & Aiken see legal section

Duplex-Everclear Filter Co ■

left side lines and 153

Dlirant HoVei .'. ■ ■ ■ ■ • „a ]nl

Duthle & Co right top lines and 173

East Bay Title Ins Co see top classified tao

East Bay Water Co f 'J

Eastern Outfitting Co J"

Eby Machinery Co j'J

EUiott-Horne Co The ifl

Fageol Motors Co ''"



riremau. Fund Ins Co. left side lines and 165

First National Bank in Berkeley i-i=

First National Bank i" jOa>='J',S^ lines ' Wna 123
Foothill NurserV.'.' .■.'.■ .left bottom lines and 178
Foster and Kleiser Co . . . . . . _^.^_^- y-^- -^^ ^09

rett-Srjo^ ^°r^.°^^^ltht^lfd"e"lines and 183

i:?^!rw?^co::::;:;;;;backeoverWndi82

Galnes-Walrath Co jjq

giasloS'w c'co:::rigMbottom lines- and 188
Glln Taylor School... right side lines and 202

^'""^ ,^t''b°orom\in''e?S- -classified- tai,' insert
Goyette E J ^^-^^ine Works^ .^.^. .^.^^^ ■ -^^^^

Gunn Carle & Co

H - -%^ Sttom-lines-a^d^^m^and^^^^
S^borTu^ I -Barge- CO.-.-. -.b'cf bone and 170

iSi^°Hrss^^°.ri^^'i-!-is^i?r

Haskins & If^^i- 'rt- facing •ciassiii-ed Section
Hlnk J F & Son Inc jgg

Hotel Federal. Vieht side lines and 162

Hotel Leamington right s'de 'm^s and 163

Hotel Menlo. "^'vjeht top lines and 163

Hotel Piedmont rignt top iiii<== ^^^

Hotel San Pablo ;". igs

SSw^rd'^S'trco.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.frint-c.Jvir and 112

Hunter-Dulin & Co i4g

Hutchinson Co The. .. ... . • _ ■ ; ; ; ; 157

Italian American Realty Co -^ ^ jg^

Inter-Citv Publishing Co. ...... ■■■■■{'?

Sternational Harvester Co. of^Am«^ca . .^.^^ ^^^

Jacic's'on 'purnitiire Co ; | jg^

Jackson S & Sons..... ;; 175

foSiT"He'^r%^'^^"'.ieft- -bottom -llies and 192
Se'=D?sp'ra.^ Fixture -ci: i ! ! .-right 'bottom lines

Kent Company. . . ; ; , . i67

Kerr & McCandlsh • ■ •

Kling-Dawers Stationery^Co^ . . .^^. .,..^-^-^- -„^ ^^



Kniidsen Harold D C°:;/ V -uom lines 'and 127

f:^rnV£°Co -.'.^. lefftop lines and 127

Er^Salle °ExtiS?on- nnlversitv.^^.^.^.^. . .^^^. .„^^^^



Souare Building.



134



^JSI^F^ I- .""''"■"':''«"» ''""'"-^ ^^^ \\]

T.awrence Harry M 157

I'^^PP ^t'^ -.-.-. -. front civer' and 189

I'^P"u ^^f r left top lines and 147

^HSmm^die^u j' H-Co^inc.-A^ht top^ines and 190
Liberty Ornamental Iron & Wire Works .^,_^.
Titnefleld-R-W.- ■.■..-.-.-.■.-.... insert OPP Pa«e 4
McClure-Hayes^Co 1"=,- ;•,-«,■ seciion -and 128

Macicav Austin Valve Co

Maiden Ritti^steln & Co^^_^. .^.^. ^. .,j^^^ -^-^^

JJt^ls'^^v-coinc;^llJl'^eilS^5??

Martin Joseph Co^^..^j.^^.jj^^ - -^ jgg-—d 193
Marwedel- C ^ ^^^ ■ ■ .^^. -^^ -i,— ' i^g' „,in 7M

55l^^ri?a"r?w-a?e°"c^o''?l'^hfside-gne. ,-.0 154
Mercantile Credit & Adjustment Co. . ^«

Merchants Express &Draylne CO... ^ ,

Miller W E right bottom ur'



Page

, r-n The ...right top lines and 193

SJont'e'ver^eiSl'andem & P^ofAiSe'bacW cover
Montgomery- Warci&Co-sReU^il DePt^Store ^^^

Mortensen^s ; ku. ; '^'^S bottom m.es^ar.d^m

Murdock C P inc . ^^. ^.^ ■ • -j^j Vop lines and 172
Se^n^HaloW^A'^'.left bottom l.nes and U.



l?Sle!m"erTpirslSs°°right-iop-lines and 150
rcS'ool "of Dramatic Technmue^. ^^-^^, -^i 198
Sequoia MaAiiiabturing Co^.^.^. .^..^^- -jj^^- -^^ 195
Seu'lberger' Dunham & ';° ; JefV top lines' and 193
Sherman ;ciav; S.' ^^ '^ ^nes -^^l^^
Simonds Machinery Co.. - — •■ ^^^g^ and 204

Smith Bros. ■.■■-■ '^'^'"' see classified tab

smith Hardward CO. ; ; ; .see legal section

Snook Snook & Cha^e U8

,« , Sohst Auto Repair C0.........':^^-jjj,g5 an^ 180

Oakland Chamber o£ Comme^rc^e^.^. .^.^^.^.^. .^._^^ ^^^ |^^re^r"c»on- Seryic^e^^ .,„.^.^^. ,,-,, -.^
Sfkl^d cX^e -of ■co,mnerce^.^..j.^^^..^.„a ,,, ^en^^^^;::;:,-^,^.^ Unes and 154

8«g^^n-lr^oSss^u;i^and2i2 gi^fliip:"-:-^: - ^^"!^ "^ii

Oakland Title Ins & jG^e^ige. map and 207 | |trei^W,E^Co ;;:; l^ght -side linesWnd 168

,■ _, '.■ ■ ■ See legal section

gl^Al'MStS BuiA^^iiitom lines- Wnd 130
Paci-flc ■ Xuto - ■Painw-'j^jf "botiom ' lines - and 118

^ g^^'lVrWdded- Wheit Co:- }}}}■} ]^

piciflc Manufacturing CO. .^..^.^,-. J

Pacific Mutual Life ms ^^^^ ^^^ j.^^^ and 164
pacific Nash Motor-Co-.-.:-.-.len«d^i;^ and 117
'':^Lr'"Joddard-Se-c-r-et",alJchool...„^.^..^^^^ __

. . .right top lines union Pacific Laundry^^.^.^. -^^^^^^ -^^^^^ and

Parnay M Y. . . • ■ ; H,

Peirce Fair & °°,- • ' Co' ' ' -left side lines and 153
Pelican pure Water CO .... le ^.^^^ ^^^ 1„

Philips Calvin & Co. ^^....^ ^^^^ lm„ and 158
l^irechni^lus^^lss^ollege inc. . ., -^^^- ,„^
'^^ ' hr>th .Sides (end of buyer sguiuc



sunset Maj^K^m..^^^ ^as^^ j^b msert

Sussman Wormser & Co bacK covei ^^^

|;i.'a"'Sso'fi-Shl -p-a-per '&- Paint -Co! -.::-.::-. "1

Svndicaie Building. ;_.^. -.jv:- j-jj^-g ^nd 185
System Radio Shop The. .rigniiopi ^^^

Taft & Pennoyer Co icit top ni'c^ ^^^

Taylor & Smith Inc. lejt' top lines and 179

iThSsTJAtlJn'^Slng-^^nl Wk. .^^^ ^„



back cover
Truman -undertaking- 'Co. front cover. 3



...both sides (end ol "uyei g s-— ^"and 186

Porter F F Company ^^-^^Zp lines and 191

Quinlan Nash W left side lines and 205

llSlr^s"La'w''&'c'oli^ctVon^Co^.j.^^.^.j^^^^
Reads 'Bonded Adiustment Bu«^u..^.^.^- -^-^ «
Realty syndicate "Co:''.'. ^^.back cover and 187
lldwood Manufacturers Co .........•■• ■ i^

ret,'To'toV"c^aJ"So^Srca'Hf'ornia Inc. . - . . ■ • • U|



Vaniteria^c Ifil' iiries 'arid^ciassifl^ Ub msert

Venus The Inc. ■ • • ■'?'« top lines and 177

Walnut Grove Creamery., left top ne^ ^^^

Webb Motor Co rlgni smc ^03

Weber <= F & Co 'len'side lines and 202

^Ist'er^cl-Uege of Rj'^jJi-boMom line's and 198
western' N'orm'arinc.'..^.„left sWe lines and 199
^filtrBrcthers.right bottom Un«.J59
White Star Laundry Co.. -do jj^^s and 151

WhiUhorne^& Swan ...... rlgn^^J^ lines and 199

w!ttlr^D^a^&. C?- ■ -J -lit -bitwm line's and 140
^Tul g"^o|r|le?b'cT.right^side lines and 141

«nc\^ber'C0^....^^^^.,.^gandl74
right side unes and 191



INTRODUCTION

R. L. Polk & Co. (publishers of more than 700 other city, county,
state and national directories) presents to its subscribers and to the
general public this 1928 edition of the Oakland Directory (which also
includes Alameda, Berkeley, Emeryville and Piedmont).

Confidence in the growth of Oakland and its wealth, industry and
population, as well as in the advancement of its municipal and social
activities, will be created as sections of this directory are consulted, for
truly the directory is a mirror reflecting Oakland to the world.

The enviable place occupied by R. L. Polk & Co.'s directories in
offices, stores, libraries and homes throughout our countr}-, causes the
publishers to forecast the belief that the Oakland directory will fulfill
its mission as a source of authentic information of any and every kind
pertaining to our city. With an imrivaled organization having the
courteous and hearty cooperation of the business and professional resi-
dents, the publishers feel that the result of their labor will meet with
the approval of every resident of the city.

Population

The estimated population of the East Bay is 515,172 based on the
number of individual names in the alphabetical section of the Directory,
w-ith due allowance for women and children, whose names are not in-
cluded. Territory immediately adjacent, which is part of the city, as
far as business and social life are concerned, is included in the Directory.

Five Major Departments

The several essential departments are arranged in the following
order:

The Miscellaneous Department, pages 57 to 60, presents a variety
of information, such as city government, county officials, courts. State
and Federal officials, churches, post office, schools, fraternal and secret
societies, a statistical summary, historical sketch, industrial, retail and
wholesale surveys, etc.

The Buyers' Guide pages 109 to 214, printed on tinted paper, contains
the advertisements of the leading manufacturing, business and profes-
sional interests of Oakland, Alameda and Berkeley. These pages will
be found particularly interesting and instructive to the substantial ele-
ments of the city. The advertisements have been carefully grouped by
departments and are indexed under headings descriptive of the business
represented. This is reference advertising at its best, and as such,
merits a survey by all buyers keen to prime themselves on sources of
supply. The city's activities, in many interesting phases, are interest-
ingly pictured to reveal what it has in its show window. In an ambi-



INTRODUCTION 11

tious and progressive community like Oakland the need of this kind of
information readily at hand is very great and frequently pressing. Gen-
eral appreciation of this fact is evidenced by the liberal patronage the
City Directory enjoys in the many fields which it serves.

The Alphabetical List of Names of residents, business firms and cor-
porations is included in pages 247 to 1568. (A new feature of this sec-
tion is the inclusion of wives' names in parenthesis following that of
the husband.)

The Street and Avenue Guide of Oakland, Alameda and Berkeley
covers pages 62 to 94. In this section the names of the streets and
avenues are arranged in alphabetical order.

The Classified Business Directory is included in pages 1569 to 1734.
This department lists the various manufacturing, mercantile and pro-
fessional interests in alphabetical order under appropriate headings.
This feature constitutes an invaluable and indispensable epitome of the
business interests of the community. "The Directory is the common
intermediary between Buyer and Seller." As such it plays no small
part in the daily doings of the business world. "More goods are bought
and sold through the Classified Business Directory Section than through
any other medium."

Municipal Publicity

The Directory reflects the achievements and ambitions of the city,
depicting in truthful terms what it has to offer as a place of residence,
as a business location, as an industrial site, and as an educational center.
To give emphasis to their desire to broadcast this information over the
country, the publishers have placed copies of this issue of the Directory
in Directory Libraries, which are maintained in all the larger cities of
the country, where they are readily available for free public reference
and serve as perpetual advertisemnts of Oakland Alamda and Berkeley,
for business men the country over realize that the City Directory rep-
resents the community as it really is.

The R. L. Polk & Company Directory Library

There are over 400 of these Directory Libraries in the chain. One of
them is maintained at 470 Thirteenth street room 11. The publishers
invite use of it by the public whenever in the need of information on
other cities.

The publishers appreciatively acknowledge the patronage of those
progressive business and professional men who have expressed their
confidence in the City Directory as an advertising medium with assur-
ance that it will bring a commensurate return.

R. L. POLK & COMPANY.



♦ ♦ ♦ Your City . . .

OAKLAND



Lovely homes, beautiful gardens, a population of substantial
worth * * * clubs that kindle fellowship, churches that
make for inspiration, halls of learning that quicken intelligence

* * * quiet hills of green and brown, waters on lake and bay
that bring refreshing coolness, a sweeping panorama of cities,
mountain and Gate. In all the tvorld, no place to live like this!

Factories of modern design, up-to-date equipment, uniform
employment * * * shops with the personal touch, never
ending variety, unparalleled opportunity for advancement

* * * twentieth century offices, congenial workers, a spirit
of high conquest. In all the world no place to work like this!

Glorious sunshine, cooling fog and sea breezes, a climate that
in infinitely kind * * * beaches with the salt tang of the
ocean, air that is sea-pure, sleep, sound sleep * * * links to
putt on, gardens to dig in. radiating open roads to the play-
ground of America. In all the world, no place to play like this!



Take Pride In Your City

OAKLAND

CHAMBER of COMMERCE



OAKLAND

"Industrial Capital of the West"

STATISTICAL SUMMARY

Commission Form of Qovernm.ent

Area — 60.25 square miles.

Altitude— Zero to 1800 feet.

Assessed valuation— $250,770,100 with 199 mill tax.

Parks — 44, with acreage of 628.

W'hite population — 322,616.

Colored population — 19,384.

Males— 175,900.

Females— 166,100.

Native-born population — 76.8 per cent.

Predominating nationalities — Italian, German, English, Portuguese,
Canadians, Irish and Swedes.

City's bonded debt is $30,184,000.

Financial : 49 banks, 7 trust companies, with total deposits of $188,863,-
436, December 31, 1927: clearings of $969,103,181 annuallv.

Post Office receipts of $1,981,349.

Churches— 209.

Building and construction : \"alue of building permits. $20,794,669, with
7770 permits.

Real estate transfers total 25,557, valued at $129,517,481. About 42 per
cent of homes owned. Dwellings — total number 70,297.

Industry : Number of establishments — 1289 manufacturers employing
45,825, paving wages of $62,400,000 annually and having products
valued at $430,000,000 annually.

Trade: Territory (retail) serves 1,310,000 people within the trading
area covering a radius of 20 miles. Jobbing territory serves 1,610,000
people within a radius of 40 miles.

Hotels: There are 120 hotels, with a total of 10,000 rooms. Newest
hotel was built in 1928.

City served by 4 railroads.

Amusements : Largest auditorium seats 10,000 people. There are 39
theaters, with a total seating capacity of 30,000 people.

Hospitals number 26, with 2000 beds.

Education : 3 colleges, 66 schools, including 7 high schools. Number
of pupils in public schools, 60,426. Total of teachers, 2400.

There are 146,304 volumes in the libraries of the citv.

City Statistics : Total street mileage, 676 with 508 miles paved and
approximately 20 miles under construction or ordered ; 544 miles of
sewers. Capacity of water works (private), 32,714,000 gallons daily
average, with 1391 miles of mains and value of plant estimated at
$32,000,(X)0. Fire department employs 382 men, with following equip-
ment : 10 autos, 24 engines, 8 hose and chemical wagons, 7 hook and
ladder trucks, in 24 station houses. A'aluc of fire department with
property is $934,539. Police department has 387 men, with 3 sta-
tions and 45 pieces of motor equipment (14 motorcj'cles and 31 auto-
mobiles).



OAKLAND



Oakland, situated on the continental side of San Francisco Bay, is the third
largest city in California, the fifth largest on the Pacific Coast, and the fastest
growing industrial city in the West.

Though it has grown with tremendous rapidity, both from the standpoint of
population and the standpoint of industry, Oakland is a city of homes. Stretch-
ing away from the bay there is ample room for a city of several million popula-
tion before reaching the sloping hills which have become the exclusive residential
section of each of the several cities along the eastern shore of the bay.

It is only in comparatively recent years that industries, recognizing the
advantages offered by Oakland, began to claim the excellent factory sites along
the bay shore. Today there are more than 1200 plants, making a total of
more than 2300 different products in this great east bay district.

THE HARBOR

Oakland has 27 miles of deep water frontage on the greatest land-locked
harbor in the world. Improved freight docking facilities have been installed by
municipal and private interests, and repair facilities, superior to any on the
Pacific Coast, are available here for the fleets of the world. Oakland lays claim
to the largest floating dry docks in the world and the largest marine railroad.
It has numerous other dry docks and marine railroads of lesser size.

A majority of the leading steamship lines, carrying either coastwise or trans-
Pacific freight, have made Oakland a regular port of call, and the volume handled
on Oakland docks is growing with great rapidity.

United States Government engineers recently recommended the expenditure
of more than a million and one-half dollars on the Oakland harbor.

INDUSTRIES

The recently issued government census shows that Oakland gained 175.3 per
cent in the number of persons engaged in manufacturing in the five years im-
mediately preceding the compilation of these figures. In the same period of
time Los Angeles gained 87.9 per cent and San Francisco 45.7 per cent.

In the matter of capital invested, Oakland gained 226.9 per cent, San Fran-
cisco gained 124.1 per cent and Los Angeles 56.5 per cent.

Salaries and wages increased 378.6 per cent in Oakland, against 176.5 per
cent in Los Angeles and 122.2 per cent in San Francisco; and the value of prod-
ucts manufactured gained 326.5 per cent in Oakland, 170 per cent in Los Angeles,
and 157.1 per cent in San Francisco in this five-year period.

W. C. Durant, when head of the General Motors, said that the efficiency of
labor in his Oakland plant was greater than in any other plant of the extensive
General Motors chain of factories throughout the United States. The fact that
the new Durant factory was located in Oakland in the face of the greatest kind
of competition from Seattle, Portland and Los Angeles, confirms the impression
that the Durants were eminently well satisfied that Oakland offers the best manu-
facturing conditions on the Pacific Coast. The manager of one of the largest
fruit packing plants in the United States recently said that, in his judgment, an
Oakland fruit packing plant's advantages in efficiency of labor over a similar
plant in the Sacramento or San Joaquin valleys amount to 20 per cent.

CLIMATE

Oakland's climate is extremely equable. The average temperature for the
twelve months is 57.1 degrees. The days are never too hot for comfort and the
nights are always cool. Seldom, even In the so-called winter months, does the
mercury drop to 32 degrees F. It is due to this ideal working climate that Oak-
land shipyards — and incidentally Oakland is one of the largest shipbuilding



centers in the- world — were the ones to set one building record after another
riuring the World War.

HEALTH CONDITIONS

In point of health Oakland has consistently ranked among the first cities of


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Online LibraryR.L. Polk & CoPolk's Oakland (California) city directory (Volume 1928) → online text (page 1 of 432)