Robert Hall.

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THE



WORKS



REV. ROBERT HALL, A.M.



WITH A BRIEF MEMOIR OF HIS LIFE,

BY DR. GREGORY,

AND OBSERVATIONS ON HIS CHARACTER AS A PREACHER,

BY THE REV. JOHN FOSTER.

PUBLISHED. UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF

OLINTHUS GREGORY, LL.D. F.R.A.S.

PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS IN THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. in.



NEW-YORK :

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. & J. HARPER,

NO. 82 CLIFF-STREET,

AND FOR SALE BY THE PRINCIPAL BOOKSELLERS THROUGHOUT THE
UNITED STATES.



1833.



PREFACE.



On the death of an individual so admired and revered as
Mr. Hall, nothing was more natural than that a desire to pos-
sess a complete collection of his Works should be extensively-
felt, and almost as extensively expressed ; the admirable genius
and excellent spirit which pervade his compositions, as well as
the singularly beautiful language in which his sentiments are
generally conveyed, giving to them a very unusual fitness to
instruct and impress the minds of men.

After a few conversations of a select number of Mr. Hall's inti-
mate friends, it was resolved that a complete edition should be
prepared as soon as possible ; partly as a proper mark of
respect for so distinguished a writer ; partly, as conducive to
the comfort of his family ; and, partly, with a view to meet
the desire so strongly felt and declared, as well as to give the
utmost possible universality and permanency to the benefits
which were likely to accrue from a correct and uniform edition.

The intimate friendship which had very long subsisted
between Mr. Hall and myself, and the unreserved frankness
with which it was well known he often spoke to me of some
of his productions, and the plans which he had formed as to
the orderly republication of the chief of them, led his family
and many of his friends to express a most earnest wish that I
would undertake the superintendence of the proposed Work.
And although an almost entire want of leisure from heavy
official and other engagements strongly induced me to decline
the undertaking, yet the matter was so urgently pressed upon
me, and every argument employed received so powerful an
accession from my sincere veneration and affection for Mr.
Hall, and my cordial esteem and regard for his excellent
widow?-, that I could not withhold my assent.

My reluctance was greatly diminished on finding that, in
the preparation and arrangement of the volumes, I could, in
every case where such aid seemed expedient, avail myself of
the valuable judgment of Mr. Foster, and of another friend, the

a2



iv PREFACE.

Rev. W. Anderson. ' This I have done tliroughout, with only
two important exceptions : the one, that of a Letter on the
Serampore IMission, in vol. ii. ; the other, that of the very im-
perfect biographical memoir which appears in the present vol-
ume, and which, from want of time, could not be subjected to
their judgment.

With regard to such of Mr. Hall's writings as had been pre-
viously published, either under his own name or anonymously,
it was at once found that no principle of selection could be satis-
factorily adopted, and that, indeed, nothing could be omitted
without making ourselves -responsible for all that should be
retained. Besides, " if the works of departed genius are to be
submitted to the censorship of a timid discretion, or the mis-
taken delicacy of friendship," and some suppressed, some muti-
lated, some softened downj who can say how far their influence
may be impaired? If, for example, Mr. Hall's pohtical writ-
ings had been suppressed, out of deference to those whose
opinions were different from his ; must we not, upon the same
principle of omission, have suppressed his line defence of
Catholic communion, out of deference to the strict-communion
Baptists ; his defence of the Puritans, or of tlie evangelical
clergy, out -of deference to those who dislike both those classes
of excellent men? And if so, why should we not have also
suppressed his admirable arguments in support of orthodox
Christianity, out of deference to those who maintain heterodox
sentiments ; and all his noble declamation, his bold invective,
his spirited irony, his strong reprehension of wickedness and
folly, out of deference to those who think '• strong language
always unbecoming," and would wish the public instructer to
take off the edge of his well-meant reproof by some carefully
studied, unmeaning attenuation ? as though the ardent phra-
seology of one who thought intensely, and therefore expressed
himself strongly, upon every subject which he deemed worthy
of occupying his time and attention, would, by cooling it down,
to meet the taste of men of lower temperament, make a deeper
impression, or be productive of more lasting good. The editors
of the works of Mr. Burke, or Bishop Horsley, have not ven-
tured to trifle with the reputation of those extraordinary men,
by the interspersion of .such lacunai, to meet the variable
tastes of their readers ; nor have we : for thus might the
works of our inimitable friend have been reduced to a mere
pamphlet, and a future age have derived no more benefit from
an intellect so richly endowed, so admirably directed as his to
the best and highest purposes, than if it had never existed.

Finding, therefore, no ground for any reasonable, practicable
rule of selection, none has been adopted. The only article



PREFACE. V

omitted is a letter published by Mr. Hall in a newspaper nearly
forty years since ; and that, because, on his- subsequent recon-
ciliation to the individual addressed, both parties agreed, in the
presence of their mutual friends, that aU should be cast into
oblivion that "had been previously said or written by either in
reference to the points of controversy.

In selecting from Mr. Hall's manuscripts, we have not
referred to his morbid sensitiveness with regard to appearing
before the world, as .the rule 'of action. But, while we have
kept his high reputation in mind, we have also had in view the
religious instruction of the general reader.

The following is a summary of the contents and distribution
of these Works.

Vol. I. — Sermons, Charges, and Circular Letters, in-
cluding a sermon on Isaiah liii. 8, not before published. Tracts
on Terms of Communion, and John's Baptism;

Vol. II. — Tracts, Political and Miscellaneous, including an
unpublished Fragment of a Defence of Village Preaching,
Reviews, and Miscellaneous Pieces, including several not
before published.

Vol. III. — Notes of Sermons from the Author's own Manu-
scripts, with a Selection frOm his Letters, the originals of which
have been kindly transmitted by various friends, and Twenty-
one Sermons, preached by Mr. Hall, on various occasions,,
and communicated by friends; who were in the habit of taking
down his discourses. These are preceded by a brief Memoir
of Mr. Hall's Life by the Editor ; and Observations on his
Character as a Preacher, by Mr. Foster.

The Sermons published in this volume, although given in
diiferent degrees of fulness, may unquestionably be regarded as
presenting a more exact idea of the usual manner and substance
of Mr. Hall's preaching, than those which were laid before tlie
world by himself In all, tiie design, the argument, and the
spirit have been admirably preserved ; while in most the very
language is so nearly caught, that it requires not a strong exer-
cise of imagination to recall the tones, whether solemn and
pathetic, or rapid and impressive, with which it was actually
delivered. I know not whether Mrs. Hall or the public will
be under the deepest obligation to the gentlemen who have
thus richly contributed to the value of the Works.

I must now refer to that of which I should most gladly have
been spared the necessity of speakino-— the Biographical Memoir
of Mr. Hall.

Immediately after the publication of the Works was decided
upon, I suggested the expediency of soliciting Sir James Mack-
intosh, whose talents, judgment, taste, and delicacy, as well as



vi PREFACE.

his known attachment to Mr. Hall, gave him a peculiar fitness
for the task, to undertake a sketch of the literary and intel-
lectual character of his deceased friend. The letter which I
received in reply to my application will show how promptly
and cordially he acceded to our wishes.

Great Cumberland-street,
1th March, 1831.
My Dear Sir,
" A great mail is fallen in Israel." I have reflected much on the
subject of your letter, and will frankly tell you what seems to me to be
right. I consider myself as speaking confidentially, in all that 1 say, to
the friend of my ancient friend.



The only point on which I am likely to differ from you is respecting
your own fitness to write a Memoir. I shall say no more than that, if
I had the selection, I should certainly choose you.

I should be glad to see you here to breakfast on Monday next. In
the mean time I may say that I approve of your plan of publishing
Hall's Sermons, and, if possible, all his writings. If your want of
leisure absolutely prevents you from undertaking the task, and if it be
thought likely to promote the interests of Hall's family, I do not think
myself at liberty to withhold the contribution of a preface to the editor
chosen by the family. In that case I should require a few names and
dates, and a perusal of his writings published or unpublished. I own
to you that I prefer the old custom of prefixing such a modest preface
by way of memoir, to the modern practice of writing huge narratives
of lives in which there are no events ; which seems to me a tasteless
parade, and a sure way of transmitting nothing to posterity.

My paper would chiefly contain the recollections of my youth, and
the result of such observations on Hall's writings as a careful perusal
of them might naturally suggest.

I am, my dear sir, with real esteem,
Yours very faithfully,

J. Mackintosh.

After the interview proposed in this letter, and two or three
others which shortly followed, Sir James, having matured his
plan, agreed to devote about twenty pages to the purely
biographical part of the Memoir, and perhaps forty more to the
critical estimate of Mr. Hall's writings, of his literary attain-
ments, and his intellectual powers. But the pressure of his
constant attendance in Parliament during the progress of the
Reform Bills, and of his heavy occupations as chairman of the
Committee on East India Affairs, compelled him to postpone
this labour from time to time, until his much-lamented death,
in May last, terminated his intentions, and our hopes and
expectations.

Proportioned to Sir James's remarkable qualifications for
giving a critical estimate of Mr. Hall's writings, and a philo-



PREFACE. vii

sophical view of the development of his intellectual character,
must be the regret of the public that his purposes were not
accomplished, and the reluctance of every considerate person
to attempt a similar undertaking. Indeed, the high expecta-
tions which were so generally formed, of the delight and
instruction that would be imparted by Sir James's delineation,
rested upon the assurance of a combination of qualities in him
which cannot be looked for elsewhere : — an early knowledge
of the subject of the memoir ; a close intimacy with him at the
precise time when his faculties were most rapidly unfolding ;
incessant opportunities of watching the peculiarities of his
intellectual constitution, and of measuring, by the application
of power to power, the native and growing energy of his mind ;
a mind of nearly the same order, and possessing many of the
same characteristics ; a sincere affection for his friend, ripened
into as sincere a veneration for his principles ; and judgment,
discrimination, and feeling most beautifully attempered, and
exquisitely fitted, to trace, classify, and describe.

Since none, therefore, it was presumed, would follow the
plan thus laid down, from an absolute despair of combining the
adequate prerequisites, the idea of such a critical estimate w£is
abandoned ; and it was proposed that, instead of it, a concise
Memoir, more strictly biographical, should be given.

Mr. Hall's family, and the friends immediately interested in
the completion and success of these Works, strongly urged me
to this additional undertaking ; and though I for some weeks
resisted all entreaty, and suggested applications to others,
whom I sincerely thought much better qualified, yet, finding
that the Works, regarded as literary property, were receiving
injury from the delay, however inevitable, I at length consented
to prepare the Memoir, modified, as it must be, by the neces-
sities of the case. The reasons which so long prevented me
from yielding to the wishes of these friends may now be
adduced in apology for the imperfections with which I am per-
suaded the Memoir abounds. I have had incessantly to en-
counter difficulties arising from the nature of the undertaking,
— from the contrast, which will assuredly force itself upon every
reader, between my unfitness to prepare any memorial of Mr.
Hall, and the peculiar fitness of the distinguished individual to
whom the public had been looking, — from the extraordinary
character of the subject of the Memoir, — from the want of such
incidents and events as give interest to biography, except,
indeed, one or two, upon which no man of delicacy and feeling
could dwell, — from an indifferent state of health, and such a
total want of leisure as never allowed me to devote two suc-
cessive days, and seldom indeed two successive hours, to the



viii PREFACE.

labour, — from the utter impracticability of postponing it to a
more favourable season ; and, in addition to all the preceding^
the difficulties growing out of a. sense of incompetency, per-
petually felt, to discharge with spirit and success the func-
tions of a biographer ; the habits of my life," which have been
those of demonstration, disqualifying me, at least in my own
judgment, for biographical or other narration.

In the midst of so many difficulties, I have endeavoured, to
the extent of my own information, and such authentic in-
formation as 1 could collect from others, to make the reader
acquainted with the principal facts in Mr. Hall's life, with his
pursuits, his manners, his deportment in private and domestic
life, and as a minister. I have, in short, aimed to trace him
from childhood to maturity, from maturity to his death, and
throughout to present a plain, simple, accurate, and, I hope, a
sufficiently full account of this most eminent and estimable
man. His extraordinary talents as a writer will be infinitely
better inferred from the perusal of his Works, than from any
such critical examination of them as I could have presented.
Some of the hints which are occasionally introduced as 1 have
proceeded may, perhaps, assist in illustrating a few peculiari-
ties in his intellectual character ; or, by connecting some of his
productions with the circumstances in which they were com-
posed, may probably cause them to be perused with additional
interest. But I have kept in view a still higher object, — that
of tracing him in his social and moral relations, and showing
how gradually, yet how completely, his fine talents and ac-
quirements became subordinated to the power of Divine grace,
and devoted to the promotion of the glory of God, and the hap-
piness of man.

Fearing, however, that my own biographical sketch will
convey but an inadequate idea, even of Mr. Hall's private and
social character, I have inserted, in an Appendix, communi-
cations received from three friends, and which will, I trust,
serve considerably to supply my deficiencies.

Mr. Hall's qualities as a preacher I have attempted to describe
briefly, as they fell under my own notice at Cambridge ; at a
season when they had nearly reached their meridian with
regard to intellect and eloquence, though not with respect to
all the higher requisites of ministerial duty. I have also in-
serted in the Appendix a short account of Mr. Hall's preaching
in 1821, written by the late Mr. .Tohn Scott. These, with the
more comprehensive, elaborate, and philosophical "Observa-
tions," from the pen of Mr. Foster, will, I trust, enable such as
never had the privileo-e of listenins: to Mr. Hall's instructions
from the pulpit, to form a tolerable estimate of his power as a



PREFACE. ix

preacher. Although, as will be perceived, I differ from Mr.
Foster in some of his opinions and criticisms, yet_ I cannot but
fully appreciate the peculiar fidelity and corresponding beauty
with which he has delineated, not merely the more prominent
excellences of Mr. Hall's sermons, both with regard to struc-
ture and delivery, but some of those which, while they are pal-
pable as to their result,' are la^tent as to their sources, until they
are brought to light by Mr. Foster's peculiar faculty of mental
research. A'^d hence it will, J am persuaded, be found, that
while he only professes to describe the character of his friend
"as a preacher," he has successfully explored, and correctly
exhibited, those attributes of his intellectual character which
caused both his preaching and his writing to be so singularly
delightful and impressive.

In all that is thus presented, whether by my several corres-
pondents, by Mr. Foster, or by myself, the object has not been
to overload the character of our deceased friend with extrava-
gant eulogium ; but by describing it- as it has been viewed by
different individuals, to enable the public — and may I not add,
posterity '/ — to form, from their combined result, a more accurate
estimate of his real character, intellectual, moral, and religious,
than could be gathered from the efforts of any single writer.

To add to the usefulness of the Works, by facilitating refer-
ence to any part of them, a gentleman of competent judgment
and information has prepared the general Index, which is
placed at the end of this volume.

The whole Works are now' committed to the public, with the
persuasion that every part, except that which the editor has
felt his own inability to execute successfully, will be favourably
received ; and that the greater portion of the contents will be
found permanently interesting, instructive, and valuable.

OLINTHUS GREGORY.

RoYAT- Military Academy,
bth Dec. 1832.



CONTENTS OF VOL. llf.



Page
A Brief Memoir of the Rev. Robert Hall, A.M., by Dr.

Gregory 9

Appendix.
Note A. — Miscellaneous Gleanings from Mr. Hall's Conversa-
tional Remarks 76

B. — Quotations from the Writings of Sir James Mackin-
tosh and Dr. Parr . 83

C. — Character of Mr. Hall as a Preacher. By Mr. John

Scott 87

D. — Extract of a Letter from Dr. Prichard 89

E. — Sketches of Mr. Hall's Character, especially in Pri-
vate Life 89

Observations on Mr. Hall's Character as a Preacher, by .

John Foster 95

Note. — Serampore Missionaries. — Letter of Mr. Foster to

Dr. Gregory 125



NOTES OF SERMONS.



L On the Being and Name of Jehovah 13

n. The Spirituality of the Divine Nature .... 16
HL Outline of the Argument of Twelve Lectures on the .

Socinian Controversy 19

IV. On Christ's Divinity and Condescension .... 24

V. On the Spirit and Tendency, of Socinianism ... 28

VL On Angels '........ 35

VIL On the Personality of Satan 41

Vin. On the extreme Corruption of Mankind before the

General Deluge 51

IX. On the End of Man's Existence 57

X. Claims of the Flesh 59

XI. On the Cause, Agent, and Purpose of Regeneration 65

XIL On Spiritual Death 70

XIII. On Conversion, as illustrated by that of St. Paul . 74

XIV. On the Conversion of St. Paul 78

XV. The Lamb slain, the Object of Rapture to the

Heavenly Hosts 84



Xll



XVI.

XVII.

XVIII.

XIX.

XX.



XXI.

XXII.

XXIII.

XXIV.

XXV.

XXVI.

XXVII.

XXVIII.

XXIX.

XXX.

XXXI.

XXXII.

XXXIII.

XXXIV.

XXXV.

XXXVI.

XXXVII.
XXXVIII.

XXXIX.

XL.
XLl.



CONTENTS.

Page

The Glory 6f Christ's Kingdom ....... 88

On Spiritual Leprosy 0.3

On ISpiritiial Leprosy 96

On Counting the Cost ". , .101

Parallel between the War with the Canaanitish
Nations, and that of Believers with their Spiritual

Enemies . . . .-..•. "^ .•.''.. . . . 106

On the Law of God in the Heart 112

On Prayer for the Increase of Faith ..... 117
Second Discourse on Prayer for the Increase of

Fahh 119

On Wisdom .. . . .... 121

On Engagedness of Heart in approaching unto God 125

On Family Worship 130

Reflections on the Inevitable Lot of Human Life . 137

On Chastisement resulting in Penitence .... 142
On the Comforts of Christians under either Worldly

or Spiritual Trials . . 145

On Humility before God 149

On Patience .154

On Candour and Liberality, as evinced in promoting

the Erection of Places of Worship . . . . 157

On the Reward of the Pious in Heaven .... 164

On taking the Name of. God in Vain 169

On the Origin and Import of the Name Christians 174
On Love of the Brethren, as a Criterion of a State

of Salvation ' . . . . 180

On the Duty of Intercession 185

God's Eicrnity considered, in Heference to the Sus-
pension of his promised Purposes 189

The Lord's-day commemorative of Christ's Resur-
rection ■ . . 193

Christ's Care over Churches and Ministers . . . 196

No Temple in Heaven 199



LETTERS.

I. To the Baptist Church,. Broadmead, Bristol . . 207
II. To tiie Rev. Isaiah Birt, Plymouth 208

III. Accepting the Pastoral Charge of the Baptist Church

at Cambridge 209

IV. To Miss Wilkins, afterward Mrs. Fysh, of Cam-

berwell 209

V. To Mrs. Fysh, of Camberwell, on the Death of her

Sister, Mrs. Parsons 211

VI. To tlie Rev. James Phillips, Haverfordwest . . . 213



CONTENTS.



XlU



Page

VII. To the Rev. James Phillips 214

VIII. To the Rev. James Phillips 216

IX. To Mrs. Tucker, Plymouth Dock ...... 217

X. To Mrs. Tucker 218

XI. To Mf. Hewitt Fysh, Camberwell, on the Death

of Mrs. Fysh . 219

Xl^I. To Dr. Gregory. — Origin and Object of the Ec-

■ -lectic Review- 221

XIII. To William Hollick, Esq., of Whittlesford, near
• Cambridge. — On his own Recovery from a severe

Malady 221

. XIV. To Dr. Gregory .-^On the Certainty attending Re-
ligious Knowledge . .' . . 222

XV. To William Hollick, Esq.-;-On his Recovery from

a second Attack ' 224

XVI. To the Rev. James Phillips ..-...'.. 225
XVII. To the Church of Christ, of the Baptist Persuasion,
in Cambridge. — On resigning the Pastoral

Charge 226

XVIII. The Baptist Church at Cambridge to the Rev.

Robert Hall. — In Reply to the preceding . . . 227

XIX. To Mr. Newton Bosworth, Cambridge .... 22:S

XX. To the Rev. James Phillips ." . ( 223

XXI. To the Rev. Dr. Cox 231

• XXII,' To the Rev. Dr. Ryland 232

XXIII. To the Rev. James Phillips . . . 233

XXIV. To a Friend in Perplexity as to his Religious State 233
XXV. . To the same . . . " 234

'XXVI. To the Rev. James Pliillips. ,. 235

XXVII. To Ebenezer Foster, Esq., Cambridge .... 236

XXVIIL To the Rev. Josiah Hill *. . . 237

XXIX. To William Hollick, Esq.— On the Death of Mrs-

Hollick . . . . . 238

XXX. To R. Foster, Jun. Esq., Cambridge . . . . . 239

XXXI. To Joseph Gutteridge, Esq., Denmark Hill, Cam-

berwell 240

XXXII. . From Mr. Gutteridge to Mr. Hall. — Proposing that

he should preach a Series of Lectures in London 240

XXXIII. To Joseph Gutteridge, Esq. — In Reply to the

, preceding 242

XXXIV. To Joseph Gutteridge, Esq. — On the same Subject 243
XXXV. To the Rev. James Phillips 244

XXXVI. Extract of a Letter to Mrs. Angas, Newcastle-upon-
Tyne 245

XXXVII. To Mr. Newton Bosworth, Cambridge .... 246
XXXVIII. To my young Friends of Mr. Edmond's Congre-
gation 247

XXXIX. Extract from a Letter to the Rev. W. Button . . 248



Xiv CONTENTS.

Page

XL. To the Rev. James Phillips, Clapham. — On Occa-
sion of the Death of his own Son 248

XLI. To the Rev. W. Button 249

XLII. To the Rev. Dr. Fletcher of Blackburn, now of

Stepney " 250

XLIII. To the Rev. Dr. Fletcher ....'.:.. 251

XLIV. To Dr. Ryland . . " 252

XLV. To Mr. Josiah Conder 253

XLVI. To the Rev. W. Chaplin, Bishop Stortford . . .254

XLVII. To Dr. Ryland . ' 255

. XLVIII. Extract from a Letter to the Rev. W. Button . . 255

XLIX. To the Rev. Thomas Grinfield, Clifton .... 256

L. To Dr. Ryland.— On Public Missionary Meetings 257

LL To Dr. Ryland 258

■LIL To Dr. Ryland.— (Extract.) 259



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