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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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is imperfect at the beginning; but the former,
addressed to Antoninus Pius, is preserved en-
tire, and was published in English in 1709,
together with one by Tertullian, the Octairus
(a dialogue) of Minucius Felix, and the com-
mentary of Vincentius Lirinencis, with notes
and preliminary dissertations to each, in two
volumes, octavo. The Apologies are curious
and valuable remains of antiquity, as showing
what were the objections of the heathens, and
the manner in which they were rebutted by
the early Christians.— IFu«so«.

It is not improbable that Robert Barclay
adopted the title " Apology for the True
Christian Divinity," as held by the people
called Quakers, from the use made of it by
the early Christians to designate their defen-
ces of the true faith, addressed to heathen
princes, which R. Barclay also addressed to
Charles H., and to the clergy of every des-
cription.



279

Sagacity and Affection of a Horse. — The
following incident, narrated to us by a friend
who witnessed it, is a striking evidence of the
value of that noble animal, the horse. Our
informant, in company with a friend, whilst
walking a short distance from town on one of
our public roods, had his attention arrested by
a horse which was standing very cautiously
on three legs, and over the prostrate body of
his rider, who, in a fit of intoxication, had
fallen from his seat to the ground, and in such
a position as to the present his breast to the
uplifted fore-foot of the animal. Approaching
cautiously, it was perceived that the horse's
position was a very uncomfortable one. He
was standing with obvious uneasiness on three
feet, with the other carefully raised from the
body of the man, whilst occasionally, as if in
search of some rest for it, he would gently
lower his foot until it came into contact with
the body, when he would immediately raise it
again. He stood perfectly still until his mas-
ter was rescued from his perilous position,
when he placed his foot on the ground to his
obvious relief. — Charlottesville (Va.) Advo-
cate.



For " The Friend."

Approach of Cape Finisterre in a Steamer,
The following vivid account of a perilous
scene, and Providential preservation, is from
the Bible in Spain, or the journeys, adven-
tures, and imprisonment of an Englishman, in
an attempt to circulate the Scriptures in the
Peninsula — By Geokge Brown.

I embarked in the Thames, on board the

M steamer. We had a most unpleasant

passage to Falmouth ; the ship was crowded
with passengers, most of them were poor con-
sumptive individuals, and other invalids, flee-
ing from the cold blasts of England's winter
to the sunny shores of Portugal and Madeira.
In a more uncomfortable vessel, especially
steam-ship, it has never been my fate to make
a voyage. The berths were small, and insup-
portable close, and of these wretched holes
mine was amongst the worst, the rest having
been bespoken before I arrived on board ; so
that to avoid the suffocation which seemed to
threaten me should I enter it, I lay upon the
floor of one of the cabins throughout the voy-
, We remained at Falmouth twenty-four
hours, taking in coal, and repairing the en-
gine, which had sustained considerable dam-
age.

On the seventh, we again started, and made
for the Bay of Biscay. The sea was high,

d the wind strong and contrary ; neverthe-
less, on the morning of the fourth day we
were in sight of the rocky coast, to the north
of Cape Finisterre. I must here observe,
that this was the first voyage that the captain

ho commanded the vessel had ever made on
board of her, and that he knew little or nothing
of the coast towards which we were bearing.
He was a person picked up in a hurry ; the
former captain having resigned his command
on the ground that the ship was not sea-worthy,
and that the engines were frequently unser-
iceable. I was not acquainted with these



280



THE FttlEND.



circumstances at the time,
have felt more alarmed t
saw the vessel approaching neare

the shore, till at last we were only a few hun- j of the elements took place
As it was, however, I



dred yards distant

felt very much surprised; for having past it
twice before, both times in steam-vessels, and
having seen with what care tlie captains en-
deavoured to maintain a wide otling, I could
not conceive the reason of our being now so
near this dangerous region, 'i'he wind was
blowing hard towards the shore, if that can
be called a shore which consists of steep ab-
rupt precipices, on which the surf was break-
ing with the noise of thunder, tossing up
clouds of spray and foam to the height of a
cathedral. We coasted slowly along, round-
ing several tall forelands, some of them piled
up by the hand of nature in the most fantastic
shapes. About night fall Cape Finisterre was
not far ahead,— a bluft', brown, granite moun-
tain, whose frowning head may be seen far
away by those who traverse the ocean. The
stream which poured round its breast was ter-
rific, and though our engines plied with all
their force, we made little or no way.

By about eight o'clock at night the wind
had increased to a hurricane; the thunder
rolled frightfully, and the only light which
we had to guide us on our way was the red
forked lightning, which burst at times from
the bosom of the big black clouds which low-
ered over our heads. We were exerting our-
selves to the utmost to weather the Cape,
which we could descry by the lightning on
our lee, its brow being frequently brilliantly
lighted up by the flashes which quivered
around it, when suddenly, with a great crash,
the engine broke, and the paddles, on whicl
depended our lives, ceased to play.

I will not attempt to depict the scene of
horror and confusion which ensued : it may
be imagined, but never described. The cap-
tain, to give him his due, displayed the utmost
coolness and intrepidity ; he and the whole
crew made the greatest exertions to repair the
engine, and when they found their labour in
vam, endeavoured, by hoisting the sails, and
by practising all possible manoeuvres to pre-
serve the ship from impending destruction;
but all was of no avail, we were hard on a lee-
shore, to which the howling tempest was im-
pelling us. About this time I was standing
near the helm, and I asked the steersman if
there was any hope of saving the vessel, or
our lives. He replied, " Sir, it is a bad affair,
no boat could live for a minute in this sea, and
in less than an hour the ship will have her
broadside on Finisterre, where the strongest
man-of-war ever built must go to shivers in-
stantly— none of us will see the morning."
The captain, likewise, informed the other pas-
sengers in the cabin to the same effect, tel-
ling them to prepare themselves; and having
done so, he ordered the door to be fastened,
and none to be permitted to come on deck. I,
liowever, kept my station, though almost
drowned with water, immense waves continu-
ally breaking over our windward side and
flooding the ship. The water casks broke
from their lashings, and one of them struck
me down, and crushed the foot of the unfortu-



perhaps I should nate man at the helm, whose place was in-
n I did, when I slaiitly taken by the captain. We were now
and nearer I close to the rocks, when a horrid convulsion
The lightning
enveloped us as with a mantle; the thunders
re louder than tlie roar of a million cannon ;
the dregs of the ocean seemed to be cast up;
and in the midst of all this turmoil, the wind,
without the slightest intimation, veered right
ibout, and pushed us from the horrible coast
faster than it had previously driven us tow-
ards it.

The oldest sailors on board acknowledged
that they never witnessed so Providential an
escape. 1 said, from the bottom of my heart,
" Our Father — hallowed be thy name."

The next day we were near foundering, for
the sea was exceedingly high, and our vessel,
which was not intended for sailing, laboured
terribly, and leaked much. The pumps were
continually working. She likewise took tire,
but the flames were extinguished. In the
evening the steam-engine was partially re-
paired, and we reached Lisbon on the thir-
teenth, where in a few days we completed our
repairs.



Twenty thousand bales of coarse cottons
have been shipped from Boston for the lar
east; and it is now established, that in a con-
test for a market for heavy cottons, the Uni-
ted Slates can beat Great Britain. — U. S.
Gazette.



terms of distinction; and however we may hai!
with satisfaction every fresh evidence of ad-
vance in the march of reformation, far be it
from us to awaken " interest and curiosity
among our members to go with the multi-
tude," being fully persuaded, as a general
principle, that what we may have to do as a
Society, individually or collectively, in pro-
moling the work of righteousness, and in
furthering the objects of philanthropy, will,
so far at least as respects our own safety and
true prosperity, be best done within ourselves,
and in our own way and manner.

WEST TOWN SCHOOL.

The committee to superintend the boarding-
school at West Town, will meet in Philadel-
phia on Sixth-day, the 9th of next month, at
3 o'clock p. M.

The committee on Instruction meet on the
same day, at 10 o'clock a. ji. And the visit-
ing commillee attend at the school on Se-
venth-day, the third of the month.

Thomas Kimber, Clerk.

Philadelphia, Fifth mo. :;i7th, IMS.

A TEACHER WANTED.

A Teacher is wanted immediately to assist



THZS FRXEMD.



FIFTH MONTH, 27, 1843.



In accordance with the disposition which
we desire to cherish, and have more than
once expressed, constantly to hold ourselves
open to advice, admonition, and even rebuke,
when offered in a kindly spirit, we acknow-
ledge ourselves obliged to the author of the
annexed communication : —

" What have we to do with the titled
Father Matthew? Is the information given in
our widely circulated paper " The Friend,"
intended to awake interest or curiosity among
our members, to go with the multitude to see
and hear, and gratify the itching ear? Ah!
let us rather watch and be sober, and by pray-
er, with true purpose of heart, supplicate for
ourselves and our children, that we may be
kept from running hither and thither, afte
the lo ! here and the lo 1 there. — I have often
desired that our worthy editor might be kept
very watchful, guarding against giving publi-
city to that, that belongs not to us. The jour-
nal of which he has the direction is looked
upon by many as a sanctioned organ, through
which I do sincerely desire the trumpet may
never give an uncertain sound.

A Mother."
The truth of the case is simply this— there
was a call from the printer for copy to fill a
vacant corner. In the emergency, resort was
had to a newspaper at hand, and without much
thought the short notice to which the commu-
nication refers was taken. Most certainly
we had no intention to sanction papistical



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Died, on the eleventh ot' Fourtli mo. last, at his resi-
dence in Loudon county, Va., Josfph Canby, in llie
37lli year of his age. He was a nicmher of Goose
Creek Parlieuhir and of Hopewell Monthly Meeting,
and uniformly respected by all who knew him. He
sutTered much bodily pain during an illness of several
weeks; but gave abundant evidence that his mind was
stayed in peace, and suslaimd by the hopes and promises
of the gospel of Christ. Many weighty cjpressioDH
fell from him whilst proslrated on the bed of lauquisli-
in;r, evidencing the fervent religious exercise of his
mrnd, and contoling lo Ihose of his friends present, who
were endeavouring lo alleviate his sufferings, and ad-
minister to his wants. On some oceasioiii., he suppli-
cated lor others, as well as for himself, desiring that the
Father's will should be done here as ills in heaven. To
a friend who inquired how he was, he replied, " I am
perniilted to remain a lillle longer to sing ihe praises
of the Lord." Thus he continued in this devoted frame
of mind, until his redeemed spirit was released from its
earthly tenement.

, on the olcventli instant, Joseph, son of Matthew

and Eliza bclh Terrell, ofjefferson county, Ohio, in his
fourteenth year.afura painful illness of six days.whieh
he bore wilh uncommon patience and resignation. Be-
ing told on the morning of the day he died, that the
doctor did not think he would get well ; he replied, wilh
perfect composure, " Let it be so ; 1 am willing." Then,
after a pause, he observed, " I want you all to prepare
liir death, before it is loo late." He took leave of his
parents, rclalions, and others who visited him, and was
.sensible lo the last ; manifesting no fear of death, but
several times expressed a willmgness to go. Through
Me, he was marked for his unvarying obedienee to his
parents ; and though they have nmcli to lament in the
loss of so good a child, they have the consoling hope
that he now rests in the arms of his Saviour.

PRINTED BY JOSEPH &. WILLIAM KITE,

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



VOL. XVX.



SEVENTH-DAY, SXXTB IMCONTH, 3, 1843.



ZTO. 36.



JSDITED BV ROBERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Priet tteo dollatt per annum, payable in adoan
Subscriptions and Payments received by
GEUUGE W. TAYLOR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



For '• The Friend."
LAURA BRIDGMAN.

Dr. Howe has again presented his annual
report to the Perkins Institute. Horace
Mann publishes in his Journal that portion of
it which relates to Laura, prefixing some re-
marks, which are herewith presented to the
readers of" The Friend," with the hope that
for the zeal and glowing eloquence with which
he writes upon a topic so calculated to excite
a generous and ardent mind, some extrava-
gance of expression and sentiment may be
excused.

" In the previous volumes of the Journal,
•we have copied so much of Dr. Howe's reports
as brought down the history of Laura to the
end of the year 1841. Dr. Howe's report for
1842 is just published. He continues the
account through the past year. As she ad-
vances in age, the interest of her story deep-
ens. At first, the community regarded the
case with something of the amazement which
belongs to a prodigy ; — and, a century and a
half ago, both teacher and pupil would proba-
bly have suffered under the provisions of the
statute against witchcraft. When the first
report respecting her was published, even
some sober-minded persons seemed to be
astounded ; others were incredulous ; some
looked wise as though they would have it un-
derstood that they saw through the whole
manoeuvre, and one person at least, high in
the confidence of the community, actually
gave out, that if the child did not soon de-
velop certain dispositions in conformity with
his theory of human nature, he would believe
that the record had been falsified. But time,
the great exposer of delusions, and the great
champion of truth, rolled on ; and every year
has added to the subject new elements of inter-
est, and challenged more and more boldly the
admiration of the world.

" To those, indeed, who were not on the
spot, and could not verify the accounts by
actual visitation and inspection, much was to
be pardoned for believing the whole story
fabulous, or at least apocryphal. A parallel
case had never existed. Indeed, until within
a period comparatively recent, it had been held
in the English courts of law, at Westminster



Hall, that a man, deaf and dumb, could not be
a competent witness, — on the ground that one
suffering under these privations must be, by
nature, non compos mentis. But here was a
little child, from the time she was two years
of age, not only deaf and dumb, but stone
blind, and with very obtuse organs, both of
taste and smell. The first psychological ques-
tion about such a being would naturally be,
whether she had a soul ; — and, supposing it
probable or possible that she had one, then,
how to get at it ? up to that period, the world
had found no answer to the last question ; and,
therefore, they had quietly condemned all such
cases to suffering and abandonment and deso-
lation. Thousands of efforts, and of pretty
successful efforts too, had been made to edu-
cate horses, goats, and pigs ; but to educate a
child, deaf, dumb and blind, and with feeble
powers of taste and smell, — none. Such an
achievement awaited the combination, in the
same person, of intellect, knowledge and be-
nevolence.

" The mental phenomena manifested by
Laura, commend her case, in an especial
manner, to the study of the educationist. All
teachers, all parents, ought to give their atten-
tion to this case ; they ought to reflect upon it
profoundly, and not to rest satisfied, until thej'
have explained to themselves how it is that
this child is so different from most other chil-
dren. Why is it that she loves to learn, and
regards her instructors as her dearest friends,
while so many others hate books and teach-
ers? Dr. Howe has often declared that she is
the happiest child he ever knew. Why should
child to whom all nature is blackness and
silence; whenever sees a colour nor hears a
sound ; to whom the garden has no perfume,
and its fruits no flavour ; — why should such a
child be happier than a child to whom all the
objects of nature, whether minute or magnifi-
cent, from the flower-enamelled earth to the
star-emblazoned heavens, are visible? Why
should she be happier than a child who sees,
as it were, the clouds raining down blossoms
in the spring, and the golden harvests of au-
tumn, and the glittering regalia in the crown
of winter? Why should such a child be hap-
pier than one who hears all the melodies that
rise from the great orchestra of nature, and
who inhales the incense of the earth as it
ascends in token of homage to heaven? Why,
we earnestly ask, should a tomb-imprisoned
pirit, with nothing in the whole material
world which it can call its own, be happier
than the free denizen and proprietor of all its
visible riches and splendor? And, again we
ask, why should so many other children be
morose, petulant, ill-tempered, quarrelsome,
hile this lovely being is tender, charitable,
and overflowing with affection towards all



around her? Why should other children equi-
vocate, deceive, falsify, while this one has
never been known to utter a falsehood during
all her life, and can scarcely be made to com-
prehend that any Ihing which is told her is
even a fiction? Why should the feeling of
gratitude, and a desire of making requital for
favours received, be the predominating senti-
ment in her mind, while so many other children
only grow more exacting and insatiable, in
propoition to the benefits and kindnesses lav-
ished upon then)? Surely these are facts
which demand explanation. They are infin-
itely more important than those questions of
party strife which absorb the attention, and
exhaust the eflbrts of mankind. Political eco-
nomy, jurisprudence, government, polemical
theology, have no problems more worthy of
solution than this.

"We have a simple theory for the unrid-
dling of this mystery. It may be a false
theory, but it has one of the great philosophi-
cal tests of truth on its side ; it considers and
accounts for all the facts. Our belief is, that
it has been the blessing of this child to have
lost those senses and organs, through which,
in the case of other children, the follies and
vices and errors of the world find an inlet to
the soul. We say the blessing, for though
we acknowledge she lost much in being de-
prived of the outward world, yet we believe
she has a thousand fold compensation in
having all that was innocent, and pure and
lovely, in the inner temple, kept from desecra-
tion and sacrilege, by that loss. She has been
rescued from the corrupting influences of our
present social condition, from all the contami-
nations of evil example and evil communica-
tions. Having no ear, she could neither hear,
nor be trained to practise those evasions, pre-
varications, deceptions, semi-falsehoods, and
whole falsehoods, with which social inter-
course between parents and young children, so
often abounds. Having but feeble perceptions
of taste, no one could think of practising upon
her that amazing solecism in moral educa-
tion, — the being hired to do good, or rewarded
for doing good, by a gratification of the appe-
tite. Having no eye to enable her to make a
comparison of her own dress, person, face,
adornments, with those of others, a copious
fountain of envy, rivalry, pride, was at once
dried up. Being isolated from the world, she
could not be taught, either by example or by
precept, to place the applause of others above
the-'Spprobation of conscience, and of the
sacred, in-born, God-implanted sense of duty.
She was secure from witnessing how the world
pays deference and respect to circumstance
and display, and external condition, and with-
holds it from silent, unobtrusive self-forget-
ting, self-sacrificing merit. Her visual organs



282



THE FRIEND.



being blind, so that ihej' could not see it, the
contrast between the treatment manifested
towards virtuous poverty, and ill-gotten wealth,
never blinded the innate perceptions ofjustice
in her soul. She could not be taught at home,
or in the social circle, that pomp, and exter-
nal decorations, and a profusion of luxuries for
the indulgence of the appetite, were the si/m-
mum bonum, — the chief good, — of life. She
could not be taught, either in school or in
society, that intellectual attainments are of
higher value than practical virtues ; or that
religion consists in forms and ordinances,
rather than in love to God and man. Her
natural sense of justice was not efiiiced or
blunted, by seeing more respect paid to the
changeful absurdities of conventionalism, than
to the immutable principles of right. ISoc/is-
soctaZ feeling, — we had almost called hjtend-
ish, — was excited in her breast, by having
the passion of emulation aroused in order to
.secure proficiency in study, er to gratify the
pride of mere intellectual superiority ; and
knowledge was not made odious to. her, —
first, by the unskilful manner in which it was
presented to her, and then by the infliction of
punishment to enforce its acquisition. Her
mind was not occupied from month to month
in thinking of new styles of fashion, nor from
meal to meal in thinking of new forms of epi-
curism.

" By reason of this terrible, though kindly
obliteration of her senses, has she been saved
from early demoralization by tliis unholy world.
She w^as saved, until, at last, it was her happy
fortune to come under the care of one of those
master-minds, whose prerogative it is to dis-
cover truths, that had before baffled the genius
of the race. Under his parental, — we might
almost say creative, — skill, she has at length
been made acquainted with much of what is
good in life, without being corrupted by its
evil. She has developed that which was
within her own nature, instead of copying from
the habits and life of society at large. She
has tasted the exquisite. Divine pleasures of
affection, benevolence, duty, instead of being
seduced away to live and riot in the coarse
pleasures of appetite, of sense, and of the low-
er propensities of our nature.

" Perhaps we may be here asked whether
we impute all the vicious dispositions and mis-
conduct of children to neglect or improper
training on the part of parents. We answer,
— not all; but in the vast majority of cases, no
inconsiderable part; not all, because a com-
mon adverse influence exhales from society as
it now exists, like a deadly miasma from pes-
tilential marshes, and no one individual can
wholly purify that part of the social atmos-
phere which his children must breathe. The
moral atmosphere is as diffusive as the natu-
ral. No man can educate his children in an
exhausted receiver. What others breathe,
they must breathe also, to a greater or less
extent. The only security, therefore, which
any man can have in regard to his own chil-
dren, consists in getting all to co-operate for
the purification of an clement which all niust
respire. And yet we .say that every one who



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 104 of 154)