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She has a voice of gladness, and a smile
And eloquence of beauty ; and she glides
Into his darker musings with a mild
And gentle sympathy, that steals away
Their sharpness ere he is aware."

The rising sun is in unison with the energy



with self-reproach, the waving trees and i
muring rills are peacemakers; the very hues
of creation are oil and balm to him ; there is
mercy in the cool greens of earth, and the
mild blues of heaven, for they calm his
troubled spirit, and soothe him to repose.

As an old man, I speak feelingly and grate-
fully on this subject ; for few have revelled
more freely amid natural scenery than Old
Humphrey ; and none are more indebted than
he to its health-giving properties and peace-
restoring powers. Those who have no relish
for nature's banquets will do well to endeavour
to attain it ; and to him who possesses it, and
yet guiltily forgoes his opportunities of visit-
ing the country, I would say, in the words of
the poet : —

" Oh how canst thou renounce the boundless store
Of charms that nature to her votary yields ?
The warbling woodland, the resounding shore,
The pomp of groves, the garniture of fields,
All that the genial ray of morning gilds,
And all that echoes to the song of even ;
All that the mountain's sheltering bosom shields,
And all the dread magnificence of heaven ;
Oh, how canst thou renounce, and hope to be for-
given ?"

Courage, Christian ! Creation tells us that
there is a God, good, and great, and glorious !
and Revelation tells us, that " this God is
our God forever and ever." Psa. xlviii. 14.



EDMUND HAWKER.

From the same.

I hardly thought at one time that Ed-
mund Hawker would outrun Old Humphrey ;
but it is even so, and he has got clear of the
wilderness before me. I know that Edmund
was a man of sorrows ; but I know too, that
every sorrow was weighed out to him, even
to the scruple, and that the hand of Him,
whose name is Love, held up the balances.

People say that he was poor, and so he was
in this world's wealth, and thankful for it ;
for if poverty heaped upon him many cares,
it kept him back from many snares ; but,
after all, Edmund was a rich man ; and I will
tell you in what his riches consisted— in his

ns and his losses ; ay I in his losses, as well

his gains.

rime was, when Edmund was hale and
strong, when he had worldly friends, and
money in the bank ; but his riches mada



26



THE FRIE.VD.



themselves wings, and fled awa)' ; his worldly
friends forsook liitn ; and sickness pulled down
his strength, and made him weak as cliild-
hood.

It was a sad loss, you will say, to lose his
money I Ay! but it was a gain to Edmund;
for it taught him, or rather God taught him
by it, not to ' trust in uncertain riciies,' but
to lay up for himself ' treasure in heaven.'
Edmund was taught to believe that ' godli-
ness with contentment is great gain ;' and that
' better is little, with the fear of tiie Lord,
than great treasure and trouble therewitli.' 1
Tim. vi. 6 ; Prov. .\v. 16.

Many pitied hiui when his worldly friends!
fell away, and said, ' This is worse than ever;'
but it was the means of teaching him to 'cease
from man, whose breath is in his nostril;;.



man in time of trouble is like a broken tooth,
and a foot out of joint;' and his heart was
turned to that Friend ' that sticketh closer
than a brother.'

When sickness came upon Edmund, many
cried out, ' It's all over with him now ;' but
instead of that, it was the best thing that ever
befell him. Before he was afliicted, he went
astray; but at'lerwards he took heed to the
word of the Lord ; so that his poverty made
him really rich, and his weakness made him
trul}' strong.

Can he be called a poor man who has a
friend in Him to whom belong the silver and
the gold, and the cattle upon a thousand hills ?
Can he be poor who has the Divine presence
and God's grace here, and the promise of be-
holding his glory hereafter ? No! no! F.dmund
was a rich man ; he lived rich, he died rich ;
rich in contentment; rich in thankfulness;
rich in hope ; rich in faith ; rich in peace, and
rich in rejoicing in Christ Jesus.

Edmund Hawker had his troubles, but they
were all sanctified ; he was purified iu the
furnace of affliction ; he was tried in the fire,
but he came forth as gold. His last days
were his best days ; for he was taught so to
number them as to apply his heart unto wis-
dom.

Turn over the leaves of Edmund Hawker's
Bible, and you will see that it has been read
by a God-fearing man ; the marks left there
will tell you that he heeded God's reproofs,
and highly valued his precious promises in
Christ Jesus : these were, indeed, as oil to his
joints, and marrow to his bones.

And will you still tell me that Edward
Hawker was poor? Who then is rich ? Life
is " a vapour, that appeareth for a little time,
and then vanisheth away." The world is
fading, and the goodliness thereof, with all its
riches, will be known no more : then it will
be found that heavenly treasure is the only
treasure worth possessing.

" That true riches are tliey which will not pass away,
And true wisdom the fear ortiie Lord,"



Augustine saith, " Quod minimum est, mi-
nimum fst, sedin minima fidelcm esse magnum
est." " Little things are little things, but
to be faithful in little things is something
great."



THE rUlKNDS' LIBKARY.

" -4/ a Meeting for Sujferings, held in Phila-
delphia, the mth of ^inth month, lS4v!, —
" Information being now communicated to
this meeting, that, owing to various causes, a
diminution has occurred in the number of the
subscribers to the Friends' Library, and that
in order to support the Journal, further efforts
should be miide to oblain new subscribers,
this meeting approving of the work, as tend-
ing to spread amongst the members of our
Society and others, a knowledge of our reli-
gious principles and teslinionies, believes it
right again to recommend the subject to the
renewed care and assistance of the Monthly
and Preparative Meetings. The cleik is
directed to furnish thos-e meetings, and the



He found that 'confidence in an unfaithfi^iMeetings for Sufferings in this country, with a

copy of this minute — and Samuel Bettle is
requested to sign it on our behalf.

" Signed on behalf and by direction of the
meeting, by

" Sajiup.l Bettle."
In approaching the conclusion of another
volume of the Library, the editors deem it
necessary to address a few remarks to the
subscribers, and to other Friends who are
interested in the continuance of the work.
For several years previous to its commence-
ment, the printing of Friends' books was very
much suspended in this country, and those
which were put forth, frequently resulted in
loss to the publishers. In consequence of
this state of things, a large proportion of the
members of our Society were deprived of the
opportunity of perusing much of its instructive
biography and writings; the disadvantages
resulting from which were extensively and
seriously felt ; and owing to the breaking up
of families and other causes, the few co-
pies of such works extant, were becoming
less accessible every year. The means of
remedying these evils were anxiously looked
for, and at length a proposal was made to the
editors to superintend the publication of a
periodical journal, on the plan of the Friends'
Library, as the best mode of supplying the
wants of the Society. The plan met with
general approbation, and the zeal and liber-
ality with which F^riends, in nearly every part
of our country, then entered into it, is the
best evidence how much such a remedj' was
needed, and of the desire to see it promptly
and effectively applied. The editors entered
upon their laborious duties, encouraged by
the belief that they had the cordial support of
their brethren, and the hope that the Society
would derive permanent advantages from the
work. Six volumes are now nearly com-
pleted, embodying an amount of reading,
which, if the works had been published sepa-
rately, would have cost more than three times
the price which has been (>aid for the Library.
A number of valuable ancient works yet re-
main to be published ; beside several of more
recent date, some of which have been printed
before, and others are entirely new. These
will probably occupy several additional vol-
umes.

Since the conclusion of the first volume,



various causes have operated to diminish the
list of subscribers ; and perhaps none has had
more influence than the pecuniary difliculties
of the times. Owing to these, to deaths,
removals, and other circumstances, the sub-
scription has been gradually reduced, so as to
render it necessary that some means should
be adopted to increase it, if the work is to be
continued. 'I'lie volumts which are already
published, ser\e to show its general character
and execution, and sutiicifiit time has elapsed
10 prove the benefits wliicli are likely to be
derived Ironi it. Muiiy Frieno^, some of
whom have travelled exiensi\eiy in this land,
have expressed their teiibe of Itie auvaiitages
which have accrued I'loin it, es|,eciull\ in
giving to our young people a rell^h tor our
own literature, and luaknig them acquainted
with the religious principles and teslin.onies
of the Society of which they are mtnibers,
and the blessed results which the faithful
maintenance of tliem fails not to produce. It
has aUo been noticed that the mom lily pre-
sentation of a moderate jiurtion of ^liCll read-
ing, has proved an ad\aiitiige, inducing many
to peruse it, who would probably turn away
from a large volume.

One of the objects of religious Society is
the diffusion of sound moral and religious
principles, not only within its own pale, but
also amongst others ; and perhaps there is no
way ill which ihis can be more etiectuaily
done, and at as small a cost, as through the
medium of a periodical. It is believed that
since the commencement of the Librar}', the
writings of F"i lends have been more generally
read, and their principles better understood,
than for a long time previous. The present is
a period when great exertions are made by
different religious bodies to disseminate their
views, and to attract our young people ; and
it can hardly be questioned, that one of the
most likely means of preserving them from
the influence of such efforts, is to endeavour
to make tliem thoroughly acquainted with the
doctrines and testimonies of our own Society,
through the medium of its approved writings.
In the six years which have nearly elapsed
since the Friends' Library was commenced,
many new families have been established, and
many individuals have reached maturity, who
are not among its supporters. There are
also, probably, not a few other Friends, who,
if properly applied to, would be willing to
give it their aid, by becoming subscribers.

The editors wish to appeal to Friends in
behalf of the work, and respectfully to solicit
the aid of Preparative and Monthly Meetings,
as well as interested members, in procuring
such additional subscribers as will warrant
them in continuing to incur the heavy expen-
ditures which are necessary to issue the work.
Friends who n;ay be in possession of some of
the works which are reprinted in it, and niay
therefore think it a needless expense to pur-
chase them again, will do well to remember,
that without their aid, it is not probable the
Library could be sustained, and that their
subscriptions are but a small annual contribu-
tion toward enabling their fellow-members in
other parts of our widely extended country, to



THE FRIE\D.



27



enjoy the privilege of reading the writings of
the Society.

With a view to encourage renewed exer-
tions to extend the circulation of the Friends'
Library, the editors propose that any Friend
who may procure five subscribers, and collect
and forward the money in current funds, shall
receive a sixth copy for his trouble, instead of
one for eight as heretofore.

Meetings or individuals, availing themselves
of this ofter, will thus obtain the work at a
reduced rate.

Subscription, two dollars per annum, pay-
able in advance.

In forwarding the names of subscribers, it
is desirable that it should be clearly stated
whether the wtork is to be bound, or in num-
bers. If bound, at what price ; and if in num-
bers to be sent by mail, state the name of the
post office, county and state, to which it is to
be forwarded. The prices uf binding will be.

Half-bound, in good sheep, 45 cts.

Full bound, do. and lettered, 55

do. do. and raised bands, 65

do. do. loose backs, 75

It is requested that the names of new sub-
scribers may be forwarded as early as piac-
ticable.

William Evaj>s,
Thomas Evans.
Philadelphia, Ninth month 15th, 1843.



From The farmers' Cabinet.
AMERICAN TREES.
By John Pearson.

In Georgia, inany black oak trees are 8, 9,
10, or 1 1 feet in diameter; 5 feet above the sur-
face, we measured several above 30 feet girth,
perfectly straight, 40 or 50 feet to the limbs.
The trunks of tlie live oak are generally from
12 to 18 feet in girth, and sometimes 20;
same branches extending 50 paces from the
trunk on a straight line: and cypresses are
there foimd from 10 to 12 feet in diameter,
and 40 to 50 feet to the limbs.

In 1791, a yellow poplar grew on the lands
of Charles Hillyard, Kent county, Del., 36
fact in circumference, very tall, and to appear-
ance sound. McKonsie says, in latitude 52°
2;j' i'-i" north, are cedars 24 feet in girth, and
that canoes made of them will carry fifty per-
sons. An alder seven and a half feet in cir-
cumference, measured forty feet without a
branch. In 1785, about two miles fiom Mor-
gan town, Virginia, a walnut tree measured
nineteen feet in circumference, retaining its
thickness well to the forks, about sixty feet.

In Harrison county, Virginia, a poplar tree
was twenty-one and a half feet in diameter,
five feet from the ground, and sixty feet to the
branches : and a vine measuring near two feet
in diameter.

In Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, the
sugar maple is found four feet in diameter. A
cherry tree, five feat from the ground, meas-
ures fourteen feet four inches round, and car-
ries its thickness well, near sixty feet to the
branches. A white oak, three feet from the
ground, fii''teen feet in diameter, and seventy



feet without a limb ; some of the limbs were
two feet six inches in diameter.

In Evesham, Burlington county. New Jer-
sey, were three white oaks, the stump of one
of them was eleven feet five inches in diam-
eter, and fifty-nine feet to the forks : from it
were made forty thousand merchantable bar-
rel staves; it was three hundred years old,
and to cut it, it was found necessary to weld
two saws in length together. The second of
these trees, four feet four inches from the
ground, was upwards of twenty-seven feet in
circumference, and sixty feet to the first fork.
The third, at the same height from the
ground, measured twenty-four feet round.
The first of these trees was said to be per-
fectly sound at the heart.

In 1791, a hollow buttonwood tree, or
sycamore, on the south-east side of the Ohio,
fifteen miles from Pittsburg, four feet from
the ground, was thirty-nine feet in circum-
ference.

At Peach-bottom ferry, on the Susquehan-
na, was a poplar eleven feet in diameter ; it
was hollow, and a school was kept in it.

On Sandy-lick neck, Pennsylvania, was a
pine tree 12 feet in diameter, and at 12 feet
from the ground it divided into branches. On
the south blanch of the Potomack, was a
sycamore, 9 feet in diameter. On the divid-
ing ridge, which separates the waters of the
Pymatung, or Shenango, from those which fall
into Lake Erie, grew a white oak, which at 4
feet from the ground, was 24 feet round, and
40 feet to the first branches ; and a Spanish
oak about an equal size. A chestnut was up-
wards of 24 feet in diameter, at 3 feet from
the ground. A poplar, 28 feet four inches in
circumference, and a white pine about the
same size.

A wild cherry, on the western waters, or
those of Susquehanna, was supposed, by com-
petent judges, large enough to make ten
thousand feet of inch boards, exclusive of
several large limbs, which would cut good
saw logs.

A white pine grew on the Hudson, twenty-
four feet six inches to the limbs, and five feet
in diameter; and another near Le Boeuf,
Waterford, Pennsylvania, thirty feet in cir-
cumference.

In Wayne county, Pennsylvania, are white
oaks, white ash, and cherry trees, five feet in
diameter, and from fifty to eighty feet in
length ; and white pine nearly seven feet in
diameter, all remarkably clear of knots.

A black walnut, near the Muskingum, Ohio,
at five feet from the ground, measured twen-
ty-two feet in circumference ; and a sycamore,
near the same place, measured forty-four feet
round.

In Crawford county, Pennsylvania, was a
hemlock twenty-six feet round ; and a poplar
twenty-five feet, healthy, and likely to grow
many years. Also a chestnut in Erie county,
thirty feet round.

A poplar in Adams county, Pennsylvania,
thirty-six feet round, and thirty or forty feet
to the forks, appears perfectly sound.

In Brush valley, Northumberland county,
a walnut tree twenty-two feet round, twenty-



five feet to the forks, perfectly sound to ap-
pearance.

On Norris's island, in the river Juniata,
Pennsylvania, is a sycamore twenty-seven
feet nine inches round ; at five feet from the
ground it divides into four ftuks, one of which
measures fifteen feet nine inches in circumfer-
ence, another ten feet six inches, and one
eight feet in circumference.

In Springfield, Delaware county, Pennsyl-
vania, is a sycamore, which in 1803, was nine-
teen feet six inches round, very thriving.

On an island in the Ohio, thirteen miles
above Marietta, grew a tree, the stump of
which, twelve or fifteen feet high, was stand-
ing in 1798; it was hollow, the circumference
was about sixty feet, the shell two or three
inches thick, diameter inside, upwards of eigh-
teen feet.

An apple tree now growing (1807) in Up-
per Darby, Delaware county, Pennsylvania,
measures ten feet four inches in circumfer-
ence, sound and thrifty.

In Luzerne county, a white pine was felled,
only fourteen inches in diameter, but measur-
ing one hundred and twenty fed to the first
branch !

A chestnut sapling in Chester county. Pa.,
made nine rail cuts, of eleven feet each ; the
but-cut made ten rails, the last cut made one.

In relieving the garrison of Oswego, one
birch canoe came in, which measured forty-
five feet in length, and seven feet in breadth.

A poplar grew near the Virginia head of
Roanoke river, thirty-nine feet round four
feet from the ground, about forty feet to the
forks.

In Lower Chichester, Delaware county,
Pennsylvania, a black oak tree was felled in
1790, which was eight feet in diameter.

In 1807, a hickory tree on the banks of the
Ohio, measured sixteen feet eight inches in
circumference, very lofty, and kept its thick-
ness well. And an ash on the Mississippi,
seventeen feet in circumference, and very
tall.

In Vermont, a white pine grew six feet in
diameter, and two hundred and forty-seven
feet in height.

A white pine was cut at Dunstable, New
Hampshire, in 1736, which measured seven
feet eight inches in diameter.

In 1803, a person saw a white walnut tree
near Lake Erie, only seven and a half inches
in diameter, and sixty-three and a half feet
to the first branch !

In Alleghany county, Pennsylvania, a white
oak tree measured fifteen feet six inches
round ; a sycamore, thirty-three feet round,
and perfectly sound ; a sugar maple, fifteen
feet round ; a walnut tree, near Big Beaver,
west of Ohio, eighteen foot six inches round ;
a thorn tree, in Mercer county, Pennsylvania,
five feet round ; a white oak, near the falls of
Big Beaver, Beaver county, eighteen feet six
inches round, sixty feet without a limb ; and
at that height, four feet in diameter. A Span-
ish oak on the east side of the Ohio, twenty-
nine feet six inches round ; and at John Hun-
ter's, Newton township, Delaware county,
Pennsylvania, is a chestnut tree twenty -seven
feet in circumference. A walnut tree, in



28



THE FRIEND.



Genesee, New York, twenty-one feet in cir-
cumference. A sugar maple, on the banks of
Mahoning, Mercer county, Pennsylvania, six-
teen feet eight inches round ; and a poplar
tree, between the Shenango and Neshannoch,
twenty-one feet in circumference.



THE FRZEMD.



TENTH MONTH, 23, 1842.



On page ^6 of our paper to-day will be
found an address from the editors of the
Friends' Library, accompanied by a minute
of the Meeting tor Sufferings of Pliiladelphia
Yearly Meeting, in relation to the prospects
for the continuance of that valuable work. It
may be proper to state, that the address and
minute have been read in all the Monthly
Meetings of this city, (one excepted, which
had not yet been reached,) and committees
appointed to apply to such of their members
who have not taken the work, and are of
ability, for their subscriptions. This course,
we understand, has also been pursued in most
or all the other Monthly Meetings in our
Yearly Meeting.

In Indiana we are glad to find the Meeting
for Sufferings has promptly met the exigen-
cies of the case, and issued the minute ap-
pended below. We also learn that at the late
Yearly Meeting there, a sufficient number of
the circular was directed to be printed, and a
small committee nominated out of each Quar-
terly Meeting to take charge of them, and to
have them forwarded to all their Monthly and
Preparative Meetings. This is treating the
subject in some degree commensurate with its
importance to the essential interests of the
Society; and we trust will be followed up in
the same spirit by Friends of other Yearly
Meetings.
At the Meeting for Sufferings of Indiana

Yearly Meeting, held at White Water,

Ninth month 21th, 1842.

The foregoing minute of the Meeting for
Sufferings in Philadelphia has been read in
this meeting; and we desire to encourage our
members to become subscribers to the work,
believing it to be a good one, and that its ten-
dency will be to spread amongst our members,
and others, a knowledge of our religious prin-
ciples and testimonies. We therefore think it
right again to recoumiend it to the renewed
attention of our Monthly and Preparative
Meetings, and to Friends generally.

Extracted from the minutes,

Thomas Evans, Clerk.

In volume seven of " The Friend," pages
197 and 202, will be found an account of what
is called " Lady Hewley's Charity." In ad-
dition to the information there detailed of
proceedings in the inferior courts, may be
added the following^naZ decision, which has
been taken from a recent paper, and sent us
by a friend.

" Important Decision in a Religious Con-
troversy. — The English House of Lords have
recently made a final and somewhat singular



decision, in the long contested case, known to
many of our readers as Lady Hewley's cha-
rity. This consisted of certain manors in
York, left by Lady Hewley, in the time of
Charles the Second, in trust to support ' godly
preachers of Christ's Holy Gospel,' a phrase
used at the time of her will, to designate pro-
testant dissenters. In process of time the
trust fell entirely into the hands of unitarians.
Attention was drawn to the subject by the
report of the Charily Commissioners, and a
bill was filed in Chancery to dispossess the
unitarians. The Vice Chaucellor and the
Lord Chancellor decided against the latter.
On an appeal to the lords, the opinion of the
judges was taken, and they decided that uni-
tarians do not come within the terms of the
trust deeds. This decision is an important
one, and, being final, will take from this de-
nomination a fund important to its exist-
ence."

DYMOND'S ESSAYS.

It was our intention, when noticing the
abridged edition of this work by Caroline M.
Kirkland, (see page 16,) to have mentioned,
that the book was for sale by Carey & Hart,
of this city : also by George W. Taylor, at
the office of " The Friend."

In giving insertion to the subjoined literary
notice, any thing we could say in addition
would seem to be useless. So far, however,
as we are competent to judge, we do not en-
tertain a doubt that the work is among the
best, if not the very best extant for the pur-
poses designed,

SMITH'S CHEMISTRY. The Principles of Chem-
istry, Prepared for the use of Schools, Academies and
Colleges. By Daniel B. Smith. Second edition, revis-
ed and adapted to the present condition ot the science.

Just Published, and for sale by



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 11 of 154)