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he occasionally let fall, it was consoling to see
that his mind was stayed on God, and pre-
served in an eminent degree, free from care
and anxiety of any kind. One afternoon, how-
ever, when his mind appeared unusually clear,
he addressed his family at considerable length,
in an impressive manner, imparting much
instructive advice, particularly with regard to
reading the Bible, and to the attainment,
during the period of health, of a right stale of
preparation for such a time as he had arrived
at. He asked his children to pray for him ;
observing, that he had not, in all things, been
so n-ood an example to them as he might have
been; but that nothing had been nearer to his
heart than their best welfare, and that the
Lord knew the anxiety he had felt on their
account. He alluded to his many sins of
omission and commission, and then to the pre
ciousness of the Redeemer, praying that his
mind might be stayed on Him, and testifying
repeatedly to the gracious goodness of his
Heavenly Father.

At intervals, during the remainder of his
illness, he repeated similar remarks and ex-
hortations, and appeared to be much engaged
in prayer, though his words, for the most part,
were but indistinctly heard.

On the seventh day of the complaint, his
weakness and difficulty of breathing rapidly
increased towards evening; when, without
apparent suffering, his spirit quietly departed,
to rest forever, as we reverently trust, in the
paradise of God.



An Incident to Weep Over. — Real life has
its continual occurrences more pitiful than the
fictions of the poet, and the columns of a daily
newspaper, often furnish exercise for our sym-
pathies. Here is an incident, simply enough
told, as pathetical as many, which in the
hands of the artist, has drawn tears from
those most unused to the melting mood.

" A young man named Crozier, and his sis-
ter, were drowned on the 17lh instant, )vhilst
crossing the Illinois river, at Utica, in a canoe.
He had just carried his wife to the opposite
shore, and, having returned for his sister, they
were in the act of recrossing, when the frail
vessel in which they were embarked \>
struck with a sudden flaw of wind, causing
to fill and sink instantly, consigning these t
persons to a watery grave. The agonizing
screams of the youiig wife, who witnessed the
accident — the struggle of her husband, and
the final passing of'the death-wave over him



THE FRIEND.



— are represented as most heart-rendii
had been married but three weeks."



He We enibrace the occasion to recur to
Horace Man's speculation on the same sub-
Ijecl. VVe confess, that on reading it, before



Moments of Bright Thought. — There are
times when the circumstances by which he is
surrounded, give potency and brilliancy to a
man's thoughts. It has been wisely said
therefore,

A. man would do well to carry a pencil in
his pocket, and write down the thoughts of
he moment — those that come unsought for
ire commonly the most valuable, and should
be secured, because they seldom return.



Toads. — Never destroy the toad ! He is a
benefit to the farmer, and one of the cheapest
and most efficient " operatives" he can possi-
bly employ. In the season of bugs and flies,
a toad will do more towards the preservation
of a garden than a man, and all he requires
of your hands for this valuable assistance, is
the freedom of your garden walks and beds,
and the paltry shelter of a chip or turf. He
meddles with no one's business but his own —
constantly avoiding company, and intent only
on extirpating those voracious insects by whose
jaws the beauty of the garden is so frequently
laid low. Farmers who cannot conveniently
keep hens for the protection of their garden
vegetables can raise no reasonable objections
against keeping a few toads. They will not
necessarily diminish the " treasure of the
exchequer," nor intrude themselves into
scenes where they are not desired. — Maine
Cultivator.



A Man over the Falls of Niagara. — The
Buflalo Commercial says, that on the 19lh ull.
a man went over the cataract on the Canadian
side of the Niagara. He was driving a pair of
horses, and had backed into the river to get a
load of sand opposite Navy Island, when the
current bore off the wagon and horses beyond
the control of the driver towards the rapids.
A person made off in a canoe to intercept
them, but had to return. One of the horses
!xtricated himself from the wagon, and swam
n safety to the shore, while his mate and the
driver were seen to pitch from one shoot to
another, until they both plunged into the
abyss below.



placing it in the hands of the printer, we were
so taken with the article as a beautiful display
of brilliant and fervid imagination, set off with
the graces of polished diction, that the neces-
sary severity of scrutiny in respect to sound-
ness of principle, was not brought duly into
exercise. On a subsequent perusal and
stricter examination, it appears to us, that in
more than one spot, there are at least indica-
tions of error in principle, possibly uninten-
tional ; the writer, in (he enthusiasm of the
moment, seems to lose sight of the moral
taint which we derive from Adam's transgres-
sion ; that it is by grace only through the re-
demption which is in Jesus Christ, that this
taint can be reached and done away ; but that
through faith in its ellicacy and conformity to
its holy requisition, that grace is thoroughly-
able both to redeem from actual transgression,
and to preserve from the power of temptation.

MARRirD, at Friends' Meeting-hnuse, in Salem
county, Ohio, en Fouith-day, llie 2iltli of last Third
tnonlli, CiiAKLKS L. t ouK, to LvDiA, daughter of Jona-
than Fawcutt, all of Columbiana counly, Oliio.

, at Friends' Mceling-house, Cane Creek,

North Carolina, on the ISlh ol Fouith n:onth las^CAL-
viN TiiosirsoN, son of William and Hannah Thcnipson,
to Aeigaii-, daughter of Jesse and Catharine Dixon, all
of Cane Creek.

, at Friends' Meeting-house, at the same

place, on the 18lh ult., William, son of Joshua and Ly-
dia Chainness, to Amy, daughlir ot William and Han-
nah Tliompson, all of the same meeting.

, at Friends' Meeting, at White Water, Indi-

ana, on Fourth-day, Fiflh month 31st, 1643, William
A. Rambo, ol Richmond, to Meriam A. Coffin, daugh-
ler of tlijah and Naomi CofBu, of the same place.

, at Friends' Meeting, Weslfield, N. J., on the

25th ultimo, Joseph Hooton, near Moorestown, N. J., to
Anna, daughter of Henry Warrington, of the former
place.

,on Fourth-day morning, 7lh inst, at Friends'

Meeting-house, on Orange street, John Cresson, to
Alice J., daughter of Jonathan Leedom, all of this
city.



THS FRIXSMD.



SIXTH MONTH, 17, 1843.



Should any of our readers be disposed
to exclaim — What — Laura Bridgman come
again! our response would be, that others,
w'lth ourselves, think very dificrently, and feel
obliged to our esteemed and attentive corres-
pondent, for his care in furnishing the details.
Her's is altogether an anomalous case, its his-
tory constitutes a new and deeply interesting
chapter in the philosophy of mind, and every
stage in the development and expansion of her
dor°mant mental energies, is received and en-
joyed with a zest that suHers no abatement.
The portion of Dr. Howe's last report, insert-
ed to day, comes invested with the customary
attraction, both in matter and style.



Died, at his residence in Harrison, West Chester
county, N. Y-, on ihe 17th of Fourth month last, of a
hort illness, EBENfZER Havu and, in Ihe fifty-second
■ear of his age. He was an approved minister of the
gospd, and a member of Purchase Monthly Meeling,
In the removal of this beloved Friend, not only have
the social and domestic ties been suddenly severed, but
Society also has sustained a loss which is very sensibly
ell by his survivors. There is, however, a consoling
belief accompanying, that through redeeming love and
lercy.he was favoured with a peaceful close.

, on the 99th nit., of consumption, at his resi-
dence in Burlington, N. J., Thumas Booth, formerly of
this city, iu the lortieth year of his age. Religiously
inclined from an early period of his life, of an active and
benevolent disposition, his time was much devoted in
exertions for the good of mankind. He v\as sincerely
loved by numerous friends, who have the consoling be-
lief that llirough the mercy of the Redeemer, his end
was peacefi*},

, at the residence of her son-in-law, Samuel AI-

Icn, in Orange county. North Carolina, on the 26lh
ultimo, Abigail Dixon; a member of Cane Creek
Monthly and Particular Meeting; widow of the late
Thomas DL-ion; aged eighly-one years and eight days.

PRINTED BY JOSEPH & WILLIAM KITE,

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



SEVENTK-BAT, SIXTH mOXTTH, 2% 1843.



NO. 39.



BDITED BY ROBERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

Price Itoo doUaia per annum, payable in adeance.

Subscrii)tion3 and Payments received bjr

GEORGE W. TA?*.OR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.

LAURA BRIDGMAN.

(Continued from page 298.)

" ' Eighteenth. — Found, to my surprise,
that Laura could bound all the townships I
had taught her, tcit/iovt the map, — Roxbury,
Brookline, Brighton, Watertovvn, and West
Cambridge. 1 taught her to-day about C-am-
bridge, Charlestown, Medford, and Maiden.
She was in excellent spirits, and takes more
interest in this than in any other study. At
twelve, took Laura to the stable, to show her
oats and a half-peck measure ; then to the
store-room, to teach her wine measure ; found
a gallon measure, and also a hogshead, tierce,
and barrel. She readily learned their names,
and how many gallons they would hold ; and
then, as usual, she wanted to go round and
examine other things; let her see the coffee
in a bag ; sugar, salt, &c. in barrels ; ginger,
pepper, &c. in boxes of twenty-five and fifty
pounds ; then starch in papers ; and lastly, she
exaiTiined the tea-chest, box, lead, &c. I in-
tended to have taken a part of this lesson on
another day, but she was so much interested
that I could not avoid her questions : deferred
the review until another day.'

" Here follow some other extracts, taken
from different parts of the journal : —

"' Laura practised some time in arithmetic,
but did not succeed quite as well as yesterday.
She was much interested in an Algebra type,
and was very anxious to be able to use it ; told
her I would teach her when she was sixteen,
all about it; 'and can you kiss me then?'
She said, ' Can you kiss sixteen young
ladies?' meaning young ladies of sixteen. She
talked about it some time, and expressed
much fear that she should have to give up
kissing and being kis^d when she was older.'

" ' Commenced by telling her where Bos-
ton and Charles river were, and then attempted
to give her the idea, that the map was small,
and we could not have room to put on it all
that was on the other map ; then of the num-
ber of miles from Boston to the mouth of the
Hudson river, moving her finger from one to
the other. At eleven, gave her for a writing
lesson the story I read to her [six days be-
fore]. She said, at first, she could not remem-



ber it, because it was long ago that I read it ;
but she did very well. After writing it, she
said, ' Is this truth V I told her I thought it was
not. 'Is it lie?' tried to make her under-
stand that it was not wrong to write it ; but
doubt if 1 succeeded entirely. When writing,
she spelled the word bureau wrong, and when
I asked her why, she said, ' I was very iinre-
membered.' She knows the word forgetful,
but wished to try to make one, and after she
had done so, she turned to me for approba-
tion.'

" It has been remarked, that it was very
difficult in the beginning to make her under-
stand figures of speech, fables, or suppositious
cases of any kind, and this difficulty is not yet
entirely overcome. If any sum in arithmetic
is given to her, the first impression is, that
what is supposed did actually happen. For
instance, a few mornings ago, when her teach-
er took an arithmetic to read a sum, she asked,
' How did that man who icrote that book knoio
I was here?' The sum was this: If you can
buy a barrel of cider for four dollars, how
much can you buy for one dollar? Upon
which her first comment was, ^ I cannot give
much for cider, because it is very sour.'

" She formerly talked as little children do,
without using pronouns, but she now uses
them freely, and her appreciation of them is
proved by the fact, that in talking with little
Oliver, who is still in the very rudiments of
language, she uses the third person, and says,
' Laura is rich,' when to another she would
say, ' I am rich.'

" She has a keen relish for knowledge,
which, mingled with a little self-esteem, would
perhaps impel her to greater effort than would
be consistent with health, if care were not
taken to prevent it. One day she had been
left in my library while we were gone to
church ; in the evening she appeared fatigued,
and complained of being unwell ; she was
asked, where she had pain, and she said, ' In
my head ; I slept one hour to-day, and then
studied very much in hooks, and thought very
hard.' Upon inquiry, it was found that she
had got hold of a Latin book, printed in raised
letters, and had been puzzling over it, and
worrying about it.

" She asked the meaning of many words
which she remembered, as sed, non, est, &c.
It was explained to her that it was in the
Latin language, upon which she asked if' the
doctor knew Latin ;' if ' Sophia kneio Latin ;'
and learning that some others were as igno-
rant of it as herself, she was comforted. She
understands that different nations use different
languages, and was very much pleased at
learning a few words of French.

" Words are to her always signs of some-
thing definite, and are taken in their literal



sense ; for instance, she supposed for some
time, after hearing about the generic word
smith, that blacksmiths were also black men,
and silversmiths white men. Like other blind
persons, she forms an idea, (vague, of course,)
about colours; she thinks that black is a dirty
colour, and that the ground is black; another
says, that black is rough, while white is
smooth, die.

" If she is told the name of a person, as
Green, or Brown, it excites a smile, or an
expression of surprise. So when she meets
a name, as Ox-ford, or V\y-mouth, she dis-
covers a sense of the ludicrous in the un-
wonted use of the term ox, mouth, &;c.

" She continues as formerly to form worda
analogically ; for instance, having learned the
word restless, she faid one day when she felt
weak, ' 1 am very sironghss.' Being told
this was not right, she said, ' Why, you say
restless when I do not sit still.' Then, thinking
probably of adjectives formed from nouns by
adding ful, she said, ' / am very weakful.'

" Her insatiable curiosity often leads her to
discourse about things, the full comprehension
of which is far above her reach ; and it is
difficult to confine her mind to one point. If
you are talking to her about lead, for instance,
she will want to know about lead-pencils, what
would be the effect of eating it; about shot;
then about birds, why killed, &c., &c. Talk-
ing about houses, she asked, ' Where did men
live before icood was made, and without
foorsJ' Answer, in caves and caverns. 'How
many years did men live in caves?' No pre-
cise answer could be given, and she con-
tinued, by asking, ' Where did they live be-
fore caverns ?'

" This ignorance of many things which are
familiar to other children, causes her some-
times to appear childish in conversation. For
instance, walking in the streets, she felt the
ground tremble as a fire-company rushed b)',
and being told that some one's house was on
fire, and men were running to help him put it
out, she asked, -How? do they blow?' — think-
ing they blew it out as one does a lighted can-
dle ; and on an attempt being made to explain
that the fire was quenched by water, she
asked, ' Why do not man put it out himself?'

At other times, her home questions mani-
fest shrewdness, and show that she will not
be put oft" with the simple affirmation of others.
Her teacher, talking with her one day about
her doll, told her it could not feel ; that flesh
and skin had feeling, but not kid and wax.
' But,' said she, ' Why cannot man makefesh
doll?' Where would he get his flesh? was the
answer. ' Take from cow,' said she. Imme-
diately afterwards, talking of horses, she said,
' Did you ever pat your father's horse on
face?' Yes! ' Was he happy ?' Yes \ ' Did



2Qg • THE FRIEND.

he smile V No! ' Then how did you knoic he j form heads, and render many of iheir other
was happy ?' parts tender and crisp for use. These leaves,

3ut 1 miffht fill a volume, (and perhaps thus protected, are not only tender, but more



some day I may, for it would be useful to
children at least,) were I to dwell upon the
interesting particulars of the intellectual in-
struction of this child. I proceed, therefore,
to some considerations more immediately con-
nected with her moral nature.

" It is a remarkable and most gratifying
fact, that she adopts and follows with greater
readiness and facility any regulation founded
upon moral principle, than one based upon
mere arbitrary, social conventionalism. She
does not forget or violate any rule of conduct
in which the feelings or rights of others are
concerned ; indeed, she hardly seems to need
them ; but she is apt to forget such a rule as
that one should not rise from the table until
others have done eating.* Being once told,
two years ago, that it was disagreeable to
others to have her blow her nose at table, she
has never violated the request since, but inva-
riably gets up and leaves the room for that
purpose ; while such a rule as that of using a
fork instead of a knife, or of*!shaking hands
with a person, would have to be repeated
many times over.

" As to cleanliness, modesty, sobriety, &c.,
she needs no instruction; she is always clean
in person, and neat in dress; and the slightest
exposure will call the blush to her cheek. She
eats heartily, and often, but never over-much,
and drinks but very moderately the simplest
beverasje. She sometimes seems to be so full
of animal spirits, that it is difficult for her to
sit with quiet or decorum ; and if the weather
be bad, and she cannot work off her excitement
by exercise, she becomes nervous, or, as we
call it to her, rude. In her teacher's journal,
I find the following: — ' Laura had a nervous
day, and lost part of her lesson.' Talking
about some things slie had done in the morn-
ing, she said, ' What made me very rude V I
told her I did not know. She said, ' 1 think
I did not feel good in heart ; asked licr why ?
She replied, ' Because I broke a door knob
this morning.'' I asked her if she felt good
now ; she replied, ' I cannot feel good until I
learn to be good.'' "

(To be continucdO



Influence of Climate on the Fruitfulnes
Plants.



of



(Concluded from page 300.)

" The salad plants are in like manner affect-
ed by climate, and give further proofs of our
assumption. Cabbages, lettuces, endive, cele-
ry, spinage, plants whose leaves only are eaten,
to protect their germs from cold, through a
kind of instinct, wrap them up in leaves, which

• It may continually occur to the reader, that she has
no means of perceiving things which I refer to, as
piissin;; in her presence ; but her sensihility is so great,
that hardly any thing can occur in a room without her
gcUing some idea of it. At table, she always contrives
lo find out how many people there are; she knows
when they have done eating ; she can even perceive
the slightest jar made by drumming on the table with
the finger» or a fork. These things are so familiar that
ona forgets to explain them.



nutritious, because their growth has been slow
and their juices well digested. In the south,
a relaxing sun lays open the very buds of such
plants, gives a toughness and thinness to the
leaves, and they are too unsubstantial for ani-
mal support, because of such quick and rapid
development.

" The delicious and pulpy fruits are, in a
still more striking way, illustrative of our
principle. The peach, nectarine, plum, apple,
cherry, currant, gooseberry, apricot, and many
other such families, are not in perfection iu
the south. It is in Pennsylvania, Virginia^
Maryland, Jersey, and in the north of Eurojie,
that we enjoy them, although, originally, they
came from places near the tropics. The
peach of the Carolinas is full of larvae, gum
and knots, and too stringy and forced to be
juicy and flavoured. The apple of the south
is too acerb to be either eaten or preserved.
The plums, apricots, cherries, currants, goose-
berries, &c., will not even mature until we go
far north. All the trees which bear these
delicious fruits, will grow luxuriantly in the
south, make much foliage and wood, with but
little pulp, and that unsavoury. The kernel
in the one-seeded fruit, seems to be the first
object of nature in southern climes : that be-
comes strong, oily, and enlarged; and one of
the peach family has so entirely neglected the
pulp, that it has only a husky matter around
the kernel, as the almond. The changeable-
ness of the weather in the south, in the spring
season, throws plants ofl" their guard ; ti;
frosts attendant on those changes, destroy the
young fruit; and it is only one year in three,
that the crop hits at all. The desiccated or
dried state of these fruits, enables us to enjoy
them through the year ; but in the south, their
acidity carries them into fermentation or de-
composition, before they can be divested of
their aqueous parts. The climate of the south
is equally against converting them into cider
or any other fermented liquor, because the
heat forces their compressed juice so rapidly
into an active fermentation, that it cannot
easily be checked until it passes into vinegar.
For the same reason, distillation goes on badly
in hot climates, and cannot be checked long
enough at the proper point to give much alco-
hol : and whether we aim to enjoy the deli-
cious freshness of these fruits themselves, sip
the nectarine of their juices, refresh ourselves
with their fermented beverage, stimulate our
hearts with their brandies and cordials, or
feast through the winter upon the dried or
preserved stores of their fruits, we are contin-
ually balked by the severity of a southern cli-
mate, and for such enjoyment must look to the
north.

" The melons are always affected by too
great a degree of heat, even though their vines
flourish so much in southern latitudes. The
forcing sun hurries them on to maturity before
they have attained much size, or acquired that
rich saccharine and aromatic flavour for which
they are so much esteemed. The cantelope-
melon will rot, or have its sides baked by a
hot sun, before it is fully formed ; and the



water-melon is always woody, dry, and devoid
of its peculiar sweetness and richness, in the
south. Vines liave been known to lun one
hundred feet, and bear no melon. It is in
Philadelphia, and its neighbouihood, and in
similar latitudes, that the markets are loaded
with delicious melons of all sorts, whose fla-
vour so much retreshes and delights us. It is
there, near their northern limit, that we culti-
vate them with such uniform success.

"The orange, strictly a tropical plant, is
more juicy, large, and delicious, at St. Augus-
tine (Florida) tlian at Havana; and fruiterers,
iu order to recommend an orange, will say
that it is from some place out of the tropics.
In the West Indies, the pulp of the orange is
spongy, badly filled with juice, and has too
mucli of a forc^ flavour to be jjleasant. The
hot-house forcers of Europe, or at Rome,
anciently, at first produced bad fruit ; too dry,
too small, and without flavour; because they
overacted. They have lately found out that
fact, and now the productions of the hot-houses
of London, Paris, &c., astonish and delight us
with the quantity and excellence of the fruit.
They have found out that gradual and uniform
heat is the desideratum ; countervailing the
cold, rather than imparting much heat. Fruit
thus produced, is pronounced better than any
grown in the natural way, however perfect
the climate.

" The juices of the grape are best matured
for wine, near the northern limit of their
growth. On the Rhine, in Hungary, the sides
of the Alps, and in other elevated or northern
situations, the wine is strongest, richest, and



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 113 of 154)