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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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THE FRIEND.

ness and grace, feeling every day of my
life that satan has a bait for old birds
still."



A firm trust in the assistance of an Al-
mighty Being naturally produces patience,
hope, cheerfulness, and all other dispositions
of mind that alleviate those calamities which
we are not able to remove. — Spectator.

Good thoughts, like good company, will
never stay where they are not civilly enter-
tained ; while bad thoughts, like ill-inannered
guests, press for admission, or, like nightly
robbers, lurk secretly about, wailing for an
unguarded moment to creep in and destroy.

Advice, however largely prescribed, is ge-
nerally taken in homcepathic doses.



THE FRIEND.



SEVENTH MONTH,



The London Yearly Meeting convened on
the 24th of Fifth month. We understand
that our Friends John Pease, of Darlington,
Isabel Casson, of Hull, Yorkshire, and Ra-
chel Priestman, of New Castle upon Tyne,
were liberated to visit this country. The
prospect of the tvyo latter is said to be princi-
pally the meetings within the limits of New
York and Philadelphia Yearly Meetings.

An Epistle from the " Yearly Meeting of
Anti-Slavery Friends of Indiana" was present-
ed to our transatlantic Friends, but — of course
— was not read.

We shall probably be enabled shortly to lay
before our readers further information in rela-
tion to the proceedings of London Y. M.

W^e commend to the attention of our read-
ers the letter or address on another page, of
the coloured people pertaining to the Merce
County settlement, stale of Ohio. It seems to
us a document of peculiar interest, and for the
good sense and good temper which pervades
it, must meet with general approbation.

" Walks in London, and its Neighbourhood
by Old Humphrey;" just published by Ro-
bert Carter, 58 Canal street, New York,
and for sale at No. 50 North Fourth street,
up stairs.

This is a more recent publication corres-
ponding in appearance with the three other
volumes of Old Humphrey, re-published by R.
Carter.

FRIENDS' SCHOOL FOR BOYS,

Situated in ihe pleasant and healthy village
of Haddonfield, N. J., six miles from Cam-
den, in which are taught the usual branches
of an English education, 'i he subscriber is
willing to accommodate a few boys as board-
ing-scholars ; the price of boarding and tui-
tion, including washing and mending, $25 per
quarter of twelve weeks, payable in advance.



Strict attention will be paid to the morals of
the pupils.

Reference — Scattergood, Haverstick & Co.,
68 North Third street, Philad.

Wm. WiriTALL.



A meeting of "The Philadelphia Associ-
ation of Friends for the Instruction of Poor
Children," will be held at 8 o'clock, on Se-
cond-day evening, the 3d of Seventh month,
at the usual place.

Joseph Kite, Clerk.



Died, at Au-Suble, New York, of a carteor, in the
4-llh year of her age, Eliz4Bfth Hoag, daughter of
Jonathan and Phebe Hoag. For some lime she had
appeared as a ininisler, and a short lime before her
diatli, she was rcconiinen«lid as such by her Monthly
Meeting. During her confinement with the disorder
which caused hir death, (a period of several months,)
her boristiaii patience
and resignation. She often remarking, the peace of
mind she now fell in having " done her day's work in
the day lime," and of having a comfortable assurance
of being permitted, when she had endured her allolled
measure ofsutFering, through adorable mercy, of enter-
ing one of those happy " mansions prepaied for the
righteous." She was liivoured with a quick and ea.>^y
passage ; and we di^ubt not is entered into that rest
where " the wicked cease from troubling."

, at her residence in Wolfborough, N. H., on Ihe

17th ultimo, HutnAH B., wife of Lindley M. Hoag, a
minister and member of Sandwich Monthly Meeting,
in the 43d year of her age. For several years her
health had been declining under IhecfFLCts of pulmona-
ry consumption: yet, in that lime, she perforn;cd a
number of religious visits, and some of Ihem while la-
bouring. under great bodily weakness and suffering,
which she was enabled to bear with remarkable forli.
tude and patience. During Ihe lale severe and pro-
ti acted winter, she became so enfeebled, as to be mostly
confined to her house. She however got out to meeting
once, in which she bore a deeply inltresting gospel tes-
timony. She continued to walk about the house, and to
take her meals with her family, and even to lake the
oversight of her domestic affairs, until the evening be-
fore her death. A few days previous, she said, in con-
nection willj other weighty expressions, " I would not
exchange the peace I feci, and the assurance I at times
am favoured with, that a glorious inmiorlalily awaits me,
tor all that this world affords. On the morning of her
death, ahe gave much salutary admonition to her chil-
dren and those around her. And a few minutes before



ihe e^jpi



red, she i



'Can this bedeat/i? If this



death, it has lost its sting! the grave will have no vic-
tory. If my time has come, it is sooner tlian I ex-
peeled ! but the prospect is pleasant. I have no fear —
my work is finished. I can see nothing in my way. It
is all through the mercy of the Lord — Lome Lord
Jesus." Her voice failing, she uttered but little more,
and calmly fell asleep in Jesus, without a struggle ;
leaving to her surviving friends Ihe consohilory assur.
ance, that through the mercy of God in Christ Jesus,
she has oblaiucd " a crown of righteousness tlial I'adeth
not away."

, on the 20th of the Sixth mo., 1843, at the resi-
dence of John Newlin, in Orange county, N. C, of a
protracted and distressing illness, Rachei., daughter of
John and Mary Long, both deceased, aged about fifty
years ; u member ol ihe Society of Friends. She was
of orderly lite and convers;ition, and religiously inclined
from her youth ; but when her lot was cast upon a sick
bed, her failh, at seasons, was deeply tried ; but some
lime before her close, she expressed that she had the
consoling evidence that her peace was made.



PRINTED I^jpbSEPH & WILLIAM KITE.
^^^^^ud Carpenter Streets.



.£«'



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



vox- zvz.



SEVENTH-DAT, SEVENTH 3MIONTH, 8, 1843.



xro. 41.



EDITED BV ROBERT SjHITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

Prict two dulUf per annum, payable in advance.

Subscriptions and Payments received by

GEUKGE W. TAYLOR,

KO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



For " The Friend."
FEx>IALE EDUCATIOM.

Catherine E. Beecher, in her late Treatise
on Domestic Economy, after making some
very just observations upon the physical fee-
bleness of the females of this country, com-
pared with those of Europe, and particularly
of England, points out what she conceives to
be the chief causes of this difference, and the
remedy for some of them. She thinks the
foundation for debility is very commonly laid
in childhood by a system of domestic and
school education, which however it might be
suited to another climate and different circum-
stances, does not properly prepare the girl for
the duties of the woman: — duties peculiarly
arduous in this country, where, in consequence
of the state of society, — the equality of ranks,
and the spirit of independence which pervades
the labouring classes, — much of the drudgery
of domestic life often devolves upon the mis-
tress of a family, and where the enervating
heat of our summer is added to other causes
which unfit for great exertion, or at least ren-
der an early training to it needful.

She thinks the prevailing systems, so far
from affording a good preparation for after-
life, do, in some important particulars, decided-
ly disqualify for the right performance of
its duties, and entail much disease and wretch-
edness upon the unfortunate subjects of them.
She has had a good deal of experience in
teaching, and her opinion is, that children are
generally put to books much too early.

" The physical and domestic education of
daughters should occupy the principal atten-
tion of mothers, in childhood ; and the stimu-
lation of the intellect should be very much re-
duced. As a general rule, daughters should
not be sent to school before they are six years
old ; and when they do go, far more attention
should be paid to their physical development.
They should never be confined, at any em-
ployment, more than an hour at a time; and
this confinement should be followed by sports
in the open air. Such accommodations should
be secured, that at all seasons, and in all
weathers, the teacher can send out a portion
of her school, every half hour, for sports.



" In addition to this, much less time should
be given to school, and much more to domes-
tic" employments, especially in the wealthier
classes. A little girl may begin, at five or
six years of age, to assist her mother; and, if
properly trained, by the time she is ten, she
can render essential aid. From this time,
until she is fourteen or fifteen, it should be
the principal object of her education to secure
a strong and healthy constitution, and a tho-
rough practical knowledge of all kinds of
domestic employments. During this period,
though some attention ought to be paid to
intellectual culture, it ought to be made alto-
gether secondary in importance ; and such a
measure of study and intellectual excitement,
as is now demanded in our best female semi-
naries, ought never to be allowed, until a
girl has passed the most critical period of
her youth, and has a vigorous and health-
ful constitution fully established.

" And it is to that class of mothers, who
have the most means of securing hired ser-
vice, and who are the most templed to allow
their daughters to grow up with inactive
habits, that their country and the world must
look for a reformation, in this respect. What-
ever women in the wealthier classes decide
shall be the custom, will be followed by all the
rest ; while, if those of this class persist in the
aristocratic habits, now so common, and bring
up their daughters to feel as if labour was de-
grading and unbecoming, the evils pointed out
will never find a remedy. It is, therefore, the
peculiar duty of women who have wealth, lo
set a proper example, in this respect, and
make it their first aim to secure a strong and
healthful constitution for their daughters, by
active domestic employments. All the sweep-
ing, dusting, care of furniture and beds, the
clear starching, and the nice cooking, should
be done by the daughters of a family, and not
by hired service. It may cost the mother
more care to superintend her daughters in
these employments; but it is what should be
regarded as indispensable to be secured, either
by her agency, or by a substitute.

" It is in this point of view, thai the dearth
of good domestics in this country may, in its
results, prove a substantial blessing.

" Another method of promoting the same
object, is, to raise the science and practice of
domestic economy to its appropriate place, as
a regular study in female seminaries. But it
is to the mothers in this country, that the
community must look for this change. It
cannot be expected, that teachers, who have
their attention chiefly absorbed by the intel-
lectual and moral interests of their pupils,
should properly realize the importance of this
department of education. But if mothers
generally become convinced of the importance



of this measure, their judgment and wishes
will meet the respectful consideration they
deserve, and the thing will be done.

"'J'he third method for securing a remedy
for the evils pointed out, is by means of en-
dowed female institutions, under the care of
suitable trustees, who shall secure a proper
course of female education. The importance
of this measure cannot be realized by those,
who have not turned their attention to this
subject ; and for such, the following consider-
ations are presented."

C. E. Beecher first notices the many insti-
tutions provided in this country for the train-
ing of men destined for the liberal professions,
that they may be fitted to perform the du-
ties about to fall upon them, and then justly
asks : — " But are not the most responsible of
all duties committed to the care of woman ? Is
it not her profession to take care of mind,
body, and soul 1 and that, too, at the most
critical of all periods of existence ? and is it
not as much a matter of public concern, that
she should be properly qualified for her duties,
as that lawyers, and physicians should be pre-
pared for theirs ?

" As the education of females is now con-
ducted, any man or woman that pleases can
establish a female seminary, and secure re-
commendations that will attract pupils. But
whose business is it to see that these young
females are not huddled into crowded rooms ?
or that they do not sleep in ill-ventilated cham-
bers? or that they have the requisite amount
of fresh air and exercise 7 or that they pursue
an appropriate and systematic course of study ?
or that their manners, principles, and morals
are properly regulated ? Parents either have
not the means, or else are not qualified to
judge ; or, if they are furnished with means
and capacity, they are often restricted to a
choice of the best school within reach, even
when it is known to be exceedingly objection-
able.

" If the writer were to disclose all that
could truly be told of boarding-school life, and
its influence on health, manners, disposition,
intellect, and morals, it would be a tale, which
would both astonish and shock every rational
mind. And yet she believes that such insti-
tutions are far better nmnagedin this country
than in any other; and that the number of
those, which are subject lo imputations in
these respects, is much less than could reason-
ably be expected. But it is most surely the
case, that much remains to be done, in order
to supply such institutions as are needed for
the proper education of Air.erican women.

" In attempting a sketch of the kind of
institutions which are demanded, it is very
fortunate that there is no necessity for pre-
senting a theory, which may, or may not, be



322



THE FRIEND.



approved by e.\|)erii!i)ce. It is the greatest
honour of one of oiir newest western states,
that it can boast of such an institution, and one
endowed, too, wholly by the munificence of
one individual. A slight sketch of this insti-
tution, which the writer has examined in all
its details, will give an idea of what can be
done, by showing what has actually been ac-
complished.

" This institution, The Monticello Female
Seminary, endowed by Godfrey, of Al-
ton, Illinois, is under the supervision of a
Board of Trustees, appointed by the founder,
who hold the properly, in trust for the object i
to which it is devoted, and who have the power [
to fill their own vacancies. It is furnished [
with a noble and tasteful building, of stone, so [
liberal in dimensions and arrangement, that it ;
can accommodate eighty pupils and teachers,
giving one room to every two pupils, and all
being so arranged, as to admit of thorough
ventilation. Tiiis building is surrounded by
extensive grounds, enclosed with handsome
fences, where remains of the primeval forest
still offer refreshing shade for juvenile sports.
" To secure adequate exercise for the pupils,
two methods are adopted. By the first, each
girl is required to spend two hours in domes-
tic employments, either in sweeping, dusting,
setting and clearing tables, washing and iron-
ing, or other household concerns.

" Let not the aristocratic mother and daugh-
ter express their dislike of such an arrange-
ment, till they can learn how well it succeeds.
Let them walk, as the writer has done,
through the large airy halls, kept clean and in
order by their fair occupants, to the washing
and ironing rooms. There they will see a
long hall, conveniently filled up with some
thirty neat looking tubs, with a clean floor,
and water conducted so as to save both labour
and slopping. Let them see some thirty or
forty merry girls, superintended by a mother-
ly iady, chatting, washing, and starching,
while every convenience is at hand, and every
thing around is clean and comfortable. Two
hours, thus employed, enables each j'oung
woman to wash the articles she used during
the previous week, which is all that is de-
manded, while thus the\' are all practically
initiated into the arts and mysteries of the
wash-tub. The superintendent remarked to
the writer, that, after a few weeks of proba-
tion, her young washers succeeded quite as
well as most of those whom she could hire,
and who made it their business. Adjiicent to
the washing-room was the ironing establish-
ment ; where another class were arranged, on
the ironing day, around long extended tables,
with heating furnaces, clothes frames, and all
needful appliances.

" By a systematic arrangement of school
and domestic duties, two hours, each day, from
each of the pupils, accomplished all the do-
mestic labour of a family of eighty, except the
cooking, which was done by two hired domes-
tics. This part of domestic labour it was
deemed inexpedient to incorporate as a part
of the business of the pupils, inasmuch as it
could not be accommodated to the arrange-
ments of the school, and was in other respects
objectionable.



" Is it asked, how can young women paint, |
play (he piano, and study, when their hands
and dresses nmst be unfitted by such drudgery?
The woman who asks this question, has yet to j
learn that a pure and delicate skin is belter !
secured by healthful exercise, than by any
other method ; and that a young woman, who
will spend two hours a day at the wash-tub, or
with a broom, is far more likely to have rosy
cheeks, a finely-moulded form, and a delicate
skin, than one who lolls all day in her parlour
or chamber, or only leaves them gitt in tight
dresses, to make fashionable calls. It is true,
that long protracted daily labour hardens the
hand, and unfits it for delicate employments;
but the amount of labour needful for health
produces no such effect. As to dress, and ap-
pearance, if neat and convenient acconmioda-
tions are furnished, there is no occasion for
the exposures that demand shabby dresses. A
dark calico, genteely made, with an oiled silk
apron, and wide cuffs of the same material,
secure both good looks and good service. 'I'his
plan of domestic employments for the pupils
in this institution, not only secures regular
healthful exercise, but also reduces the ex-
penses of education, so as to bring it within
the reach of many, who otherwise could never
gain such advantages.

" In addition to this, a system of Calis-
thcnic* exercises is introduced, which secures
all the advantages which dancing is supposed
to effect, and which is free from the tenden-
cies of that fascinating fashionable amuse-
ment."

(To be continueJO

TIRXrES OF COLD WATER.

What can exceed the beauty, freshness and
purity of a glass of cold water taken from a
spring ? It leaves no mawkish taste behind, no
fictitious or unpleasant odors. When it is
taken before breakfast, after a bath or general
ablution, it cleanses all the passages, purifying
the mouth, and filling it with sweet and pleas-
ant fluids making the individual cheerful,
hungry, and wide awake. AVhat a contrast this
to creeping down stairs with eyes half closed,
hobbling up to the fire, and swallowing scald-
ed tea, eating a few bits of toast, without ap-
petite, and require some relish to make them
go down. This drinking cold water in the
morning dilutes the viscid secretions, such as
bile, slimy matters, &.C., that have collected
during the night, and makes them play off.
'I'he determination being already to the skin
by the wet sheet or sweating, and the bath, or
by the simple washing all over, the cold fluid
being then taken into the stomach, lowers its
temperature, and that of all the organs con-
tained in the abdomen ; helping still more to
lessen any irritation and heat, or undue collec-
tion of blood in these parts. The water is
rapidly absorbed by the stomach — not digest-
ed as many suppose — and not a drop escapes
into the alimentary canal.

When it is all sucked up by the stomach, it
goes into the general current of circulation ;
mixing with the blood it is first carried into

" • From tlic two Greek words,— /To !o», beauty, and
StUnet, strength, being the union ofbotti.



the lungs, and then sent on by another set of
tubes— the arleriet — to the tips of the fingers
and points of the toes, and every intermediate
part feels its benefit — giving new life and acti-
vity to every thing it has come in contact
with. It is then in a great degree thrown off,
(mixed with waste matters) by the skin — in
invisible steam — by the kidneys and by the
breath.

When a glass of cold water is swallowed,
the stomach, by its motions, diflbses it all over
its surface befoie it lakes it up, just as you
would wash your face, and it has the same
refreshing and beautifying effects, leaving it at
a more natuial temperature, and giving it a
more healthy colour. In fine, there is no agent
applied to the human body externally, that has
such an influence in awakening all the vital
powers, to their great restorative capabilities
in arresting the course of disease, or prevent-
ing, when inevitable, a fatal termination, as
pure cold water.

It is the most powerful therapeutical agent
we possess ; the most easily obtained, and the
most certain in its results. So varied are the
niodes in which it can be applied, that there
is no remedy which can be obtained lo produce
so many diversified and opposite effects ; a
stimulant, a sedative, a diuretic, a sodorific,
derivative, &c., and a cleanser and a restora-
tive in the fullest sense of the term. Unchain-
ing all the powers of the constitution, giving
nature a gentle impetus, and leaving uncurbed
her desire and efforts lo heal; and all this
without the necessity of straining any indi-
vidual function, and after its most mighty re-
sults leaving no trace of its operation, before
or after suffering to point out where or how its
power had been exercised ; a conqueror with-
out bloodshed ; the giver of sound constitu-
tions without levying a tribute; a divine and
universal remedy ; universally dispensed tor
the use of mankind, and in days to come des-
tined to be universally placed at the head of
remedies. — Dr. Wilson.



TEA.

About the year 1650, the East India Com-
pany received from Bantam two canisters
containing 143 pounds of tea; and this is be-
lieved to have been the first importation of
this article. The introduction of the use of it
as a beverage was very gradual, as appears
by the following curious memorandum in the

diary of Pepys, Secretary of the Admi>

rally; "September 26, 1661, I sent for a
case of tea, a Chinese diink of which I never
drunk."

In Great Britain the duties on tea, and the
importation of it, were inconsiderable till
1690, by which time the East India Company
first thought the article worth their attention
as a branch of trade. In a few years the
average importation amounted to 60,000 lbs.
per annum— the average price being 16*. In
1721, the quantity of tea imported exceeded
a million of pounds, and from that period, the
importation and consumption of tea in that
country rapidly increased.

But few persons are probably aware of the
immense amount of money now paid every



THE FRIEND.



323



year to the Chinese for tea. The quantity of
this leaf consumed in Great Britain is truly
enormous — and although it is freely used by
all classes, it cannot be classed among the
necessaries of life — it contains little or no nu-
triment, and is undoubtedly injurious to some
constitutions. We are told by the " Fanqui
in China," that the number of shopkeepers
who in 1832 took out licenses to sell this arti-
cle by retail, in the United Kingdom, was one
hundred and one thousand six hundred and
eighty-seven ; and we may suppose that the
amount has rather increased than diminished
since that period. To supply them the East
India Company, during the last three or four
years before the expiration of their charter,
imported no less than thirty-one millions five
hundred thousand pounds of tea annually, in
which the proportion of green to black was
one to five. Since the opening of the free
trade a still greater quantity has been brought
over, so that in 1834, no fewer than one hun-



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 119 of 154)