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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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dred and fifty British vessels, of eighty-two
thousand four hundred and seventy Ions regis-
ter, resorted to VVhampoa, and took away
with them the enormous quantity of forty-
three millions six hundred and forty-one thou-
sand two hundred pounds of tea. Since this
period the amount has rather diminished, the
losses sustained having somewhat cooled the
ardour of the speculators ; but still it has ex-
ceeded the average quantity imported by the
East India Company. The exports from Can-
ton from 1st of October, 1836, to 10th April,
1837, being thirty-three million two hundred
and eleven thousand three hundred and thirty-
two lbs., of which the green bore the propor-
tion of one to about three and a half of the
black kinds. — Boston Journal.

Measvring Time. — A valuable French
work, the Bibliotheque Uuiverselle, some time
since contained a singular account relating to
a native of Ssvitzeriand, J. D. Chevalley, aged
sixty-six — who has arrived at an astonishing
degree of perfection in reckoning time. His
manifestation of that faculty of the mind,
being to an extraordinary extent.

It is stated that in his youth he was accus-
tomed to pay great attention to the ringing of
bells, and vibrations of pendulums, and by
degrees he acquired the power of continuing a
succession of intervals exactly equal to those
which the vibrations or sounds produced. Be-
ing on board the steam-boat on the Lake of
Geneva, on July 14, 1^42, he engaged to in-
dicate to the crowd about him, the lapse of a
quarter of an hour, or as many minutes and
seconds as any one choose to name, and this
during a conversation the most diversified with
those standing by ; and farther, to indicate by
the voice, the moment when the hand passed
over the quarter minutes, or half minutes, or
any other subdivision previously stipulated,
during the whole course of the experiment.
This he did without mistake, notwithstanding
the exertions of those about him to distract
his attention, and clapped his hand at the con-
clusion of the time fixed. His own account
of it is thus given : " I have acquired by imi-
tation, labour and patience, a movement which

neither thoughts, nor labour, nor any thing
can stop. It is similar to that of a pendulum,
which, at each motion of going and returning,
gives me the space of three seconds, so that
twenty of them make a minute, and these I add
to otliers continually."

Illinois Prairies. — Sheep Husbandry. —
The travelling correspondent of the Boston
Advertiser speaks thus of the prairies of Illi-

The boundless and beautiful prairies of Illi-
nois with a soil of unequalled richness, are
leading to the introduction of various agricul-
tural products, such as flax, hemp, tobacco.
This is extensively raised on the Rock river,
and it is said that about two hundred tons
will be exported from that region during the
present year. The climate of Illinois is said
to be suitable, and surely its soil is equal to
any thing. But by far the most important
matter is the very extensive introduction of
sheep into this state — so extensive, that it is
now probable that at the end of five years
there will be more wool raised in Illinois than
in any other state in the Union.

The farmers from Western New York are
driving their flocks, and Scotch and English
farmers are going very largely into the busi-
ness. I have now before me a wealthy farmer
of Western New York, who has arranged to
send out two thousand sheep this fall. The
sheep run at large on the prairie in the sum-
mer, of course, at no charge. He pays, he
tells me, one dollar per ton for cutting and
stocking 2.50 tons of prairie hay, for winter.
He buys a tract of 160 acres, and erects a
small house — a shepherd, with his dogs, takes
I he entire care of the sheep, and can do so of
three thousand sheep, and two hundred head
of cattle.

You can thus easily perceive that if the
farmer can procure the use of tiiousands of
acres of meadow for nothing, and hay for one
dollar per ton, it is in vain for the wool grow-
ers of Western New York, or New England
to undertake long to compete with the west.
The injury to the wheat crop by the winter
will prevent many from engaging in it, in Illi-
nois, as extensively as the admirable soil would
otherwise tempt them to do.

The Valve of Horses.— Oae of the Robert-
sons, in his letters on South America, slates
that he still has in possession contracts which
he made at Goya " with an estanciero, for
20,000 wild horses, to be taken on his estate
at the price of a medio each; that is to say,
threepence for each live horse or mare. Tlie
slaughter of them costs threepence a head
more, and staking and cleansing the hides,
once more, threepence; and, lastly, a like
sum for the carting to Go)'a, making the
whole cost one shilling for each skin. On this
contract, ten thousand animals were delivered ;
the skins were packed in bales, and sold in
Buenos Ayres at six rials or three shillings
each, and they sold ultimately in England for
seven or eight shillings; that is, the skins
sold for about 2800 or 3000 per cent, on the

first cost of the horse from which the skin
was taken. Such is the accumulative value
sometimes of the produce which is taken from
the hands of the grower in one country before
it gets into the hands of the consumer in an-


From Old Humphrey's " Thoughts for the Thoughtful."

When walking abroad in the country, it is
not one thing, but every thing, that seems to
set forth a lesson of instruction. Every tree
of the field, every branch of the tree, every
spray of the branch, and every leaf of the
spray, appears to address Old Humphrey.

One evening, on returning home through
some fields of mowing grass, I stopped short
on hearing the noise of the landrail, or corn-
crake, so called from the well known sound it
so constantly utters. Many a time had I list-
ened to the corncrake, and compared its
noise to the creaking of a thick branch in the
winds ; and many a time had I hunted in vain
to find it. But this time it seemed close at

" Just by that sprig of green sorrel," said I
to myself, as I tripped over the grass, " I shall
find it," but no such thing ! When I got there,
the sound was in a quite different direction.
Still I followed the sound, and still was I de-
ceived. Now it was behind, and then before
me ; now to the right hand, and then to the
left ; but all of no use : the moment I reached
one place, the sound was in another. Repeat-
ed disappointments brought me back to the
beaten path. I did not discover that evening
where the corncrake was; but I found out, to
a certainty, many places where it was not.

Perhaps, reader, you may have been as
much disappointed in your search after hap-
piness, as I was in my search after the corn-
crake ; and, perhaps, too, like me, you have
been glad to get back again to the spot
whence you first set out. I was led by the
corncrake a long dance through the mowing
grass; and, if you are pursuing earthly hap-
piness, you will be led a long dance too. Hun-
dreds of us have made up our minds to be
happy : we have felt sure that if we could do
this, or get that, or obtain the other, we should
have liltle else to wish for; but we may as
well join in a chase after the corncrake, as
after happiness in worldly things ; for we are
just as likely to catch the one as to get pos-
session of the other.

We have countless blessings to be grateful
for ; but the words spoken by the Redeemer
to his disciples were not, " In the world ye
shall be happy," but, " In the world ye shall
have tribulation." It will be wise, then, to let
the corncrake-happiness of the world deceive
us no longer, whether we hear it afar off", or
whether it appears within our reach. Let us
give up the fruitless chase, and seek peace
only in Christ, confidently looking forward to
enjoy final and complete happiness in His pre-
sence, where there is " fulness of joy" and
" pleasures for evermore."




From the •Bine.
What a mercy it is, when our faith and love
towards the Redeemer are strong enough to
enable us, hke tlie bee that gathers lioney
alike from the rose and the thistle, to gather
instruction, comlorl, and encouragement, from
every thing around us ? Then it is that we
can rejoice " with joy unspeakable," in the
midst of manifold blessings ; then it is that

Jlctklj', humbly, bending low,
Amid our griefs we kiss the rod ;

And find, in every eiirlhly woe,
'I'he mingled mercies ot"our God.

On reading, the other day, an account of
the Banian tree, I was struck with the com-
parison which might be made between this
tree, and the humble and sincere Christian
who lives a life of faith in the Son of God,
and seeks not only to know, but to do his

The Banian tree is found in more beauty
and perfection in the scorching clime of India,
than in other places. It is sometimes called
the Burr tree, or Indian fig, and is different
from any tree that grows in England. Each
tree is in itself a grove, and sometimes spreads
to an amazing extent ; hardly ever decaying
while the earth affords it sustenance. Every
branch from the main body throws out its
own roots several yards from the ground :
these, at first, are thin, slender fibres ; but they
grow thicker until they reach the surface, and
then, striking into the ground, increase to
large trunks, and become parent trees, shoot-
ing out new branches, which produce roots,
and trees, in the same manner as before : thus
the tree grows, every branch producing a suc-
cession of stems, U[itil the whole assumes the
appearance of a grove.

A Banian tree, with its many trunks, forms
the most beautiful bowers and cool recesses
that can be imagined ; its leaves are large,
soft, and of a lively green ; its fruit is a small
fig, which, when quite ripe, is of a bright
scarlet colour. It affords sustenance or shel-
ter to the monkey, the squirrel, and the
peacock ; as well as to various kinds of small

We can hardly form a proper notion of the
extent of these trees. On the banks of the
river Merbudda, a Banian tree grows, which,
if measured round its principal stems, is nearly
two thousand feet in circumference. It has
three hundred and fifty large trunks, and
more than three thousand smaller ones; and
it is said that seven thousand persons may find
ample room to repose under its shade. Green
wood-pigeons, doves, peacocks, monkeys,
squirrels, and large bats, find a shelter among
its branches.

The Banian tree flourishes and throws out
its green leaves beneath the radiance of the
sun ; the Christian throws out his graces be-
neath the beams of the Sun of Righteousness.
The Banian tree spreads wide its branches,
which, taking root, produce other trees; the
Christian extends his influence, his faith, his
love, and his hopes, which, through mercy,
taking root in other hearts, influence them to
grow in grace, and to become Christians like

himself. The Banian tree becomes a grove
of goodly trees, pleasant to gaze upon : the
Christian, blessed from above, spreads abroad
the gospel of the Redeemer, and thus multi-
plies the followers of Christ, till he forms a
band, a goodly company, of faithful worship-
pers. The Banian tree brings forth fruit,
beautiful to the eye : and the Christian bears
fruit also, far more lovely than that of the
trees of the field. The Banian tree is a shel-
ter to the creatures that seek its protection :
the Christian man, too, by his love unfeigned,
his zeal, his fidelity, his prayers, and his
praises, is a shelter and protection to all whom
he can assist and serve.

But while we thus draw the resemblance
between the Christian and the Banian tree,
let us bear in mind, in reference to ourselves,
that " a good tree cannot bring forth evil
fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth
good fruit;" and also, that "every tree that
bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down,
and cast into the fire." Matt. vii. li*, 19.


From the same.

You are, no doubt, a lover of sunshine.
Your eye has brightened while gazing upon
the beam that has lighted up the path before
you, made the village windows blaze, and put
a golden star on the weathercock of the
steeple. That beam has shiiied into your
very heart, and made you feel glad to be

But there is another kind of sunshine that
you love. Is not there some beloved friend
whose smile is a brighter and dearer sunbeam
to you than the brightest beam that gladdens
the earth on a summer's day ? Yes, it is the
smile of a husband, a wife, a sister, a brother,
or — well, no matter! — it is the smile of some
dear being, whose every thought is blended
with your own, and without whose smile, in
the merriest summer time, this would be a
gloomy world.

But the shadows of evening have before
now closed over the sunshine tliat has gilded
your path-way ; and if night has not yet be-
clouded the sunshiny smiles of those you love,
it will do so ! there are removals in this world
of tribulation that wring the heart ! You may
have to go and weep in the grave-yard, ere
long, where they have laid the object dear to
you as your own life !

There is yet another kind of sunshine ! de-
light in that, and no night shall close over it
forever — the sunshine of a Saviour's love in
the heart. Clouds may intervene for a time,
but those clouds shall pass away ; the valley
of the shadow of death may seem to shut it
out forever, but that will be only the last cloud
breaking away before the dawning of eter-
nal day-light, and the blaze of everlasting
sunshine : for it is expressly written that,
" There shall be no night there." Rev. xxi.
2,5. Well, then, may the clouds and storms of
this life be borne with patient and joyful anti-


From the tame.

Think not that because my hairs are gray,
the infirmities of age confine nie within doors.
No! no I I have been dealt with niercifully ;
ar.d am often found a long way from my own

Some time ago, when travelling in a strange
neighbourhood, I came to a place where the
road branched olf in two opposite directions, so
that how to proceed I did not know. It was,
indeed, a puzzling situation ; for as night was
coming on, my taking the wrong road would
have been attended with great inconvenience.

At last I perceived a finger-post, which, in
my perplexity, I had not noticed : hastening
up to it, I read tlie inscription on the left arm,
which pointed towards two distant towns,
neither of which I wanted to visit. I then
passed round to look at the opposite arm,
when lo ! it was broken off. " Well, come,"
said I to myself, taking heart, " I now, at
least, know very well the road I am not
to go."

We sometimes meet with such difficulties
that we seem to come to a stand in our minds,
not knowing which way to turn. What to
attempt, how to act, and what will be the end
of it, we cannot tell : this part of the finger-
post is broken off". In such trying and dan-
gerous situations, however, when we might
be tempted to turn aside from the path of duty,
God does often so mercifully hedge up some
of our ways with thorns, and so instruct us,
that if we will but give heed to it, there is a
plain warning given of the road we are not to
go. This is an unspeakable mercy ; let us in
all cases turn promptly from the forbidden
path, and leave the rest to Him. If we sin-
cerely look to Him, in a child-like spirit, we
are sure to obtain the direction he has pro-
mised to bestow. He will bring even " the
blind by a way that they knew not," and
" lead them in paths that they have not
known." He " will make darkness light be-
fore them, and crooked things straight."
" Trust," then, " in the Lord with all thine
heart, and lean not unto thine own under-
standing. In all thy ways acknowledge him,
and he shall direct thy paths." Isa. xlii. 16;
Prov. iii. 5, 6.

The New Cement. — A late English paper
gives the following account of the new species
of cement which has been discovered and test-
ed in England : —

" The new cement invented by Jef-
frey, which has stood such severe test.s at
Woolwich, is a very simple composition, being
merely shellac and India rubber dissolved in
naptha in certain proportions. It is insoluble
in water, and the purposes to which it may be
applied are numerous. Its value is about
half the expense of common glue ; the saving
to the country by its universal adoption will
be incalculable, as the inventor has fijund that
in the absence of great friction, it is in a man-
ner imperishable. Among the experiments
tried in the dock-yards, the following will
show of what value a supply of this cement
will be to vessels damaged at sea. Eight



pieces of wood were joined together in the
t'orni of a mast, and a strain applied to them
and to another mast of one piece of wood.
The latter gave way first, and the other only
broke after being considerably bent on the
application of a rather great strain. By this
invention ship-carpenters will be enabled to
effect repairs at sea, which could not be done
under other circumstances. This new inven-
tion is said to have the power of expanding in
warm climates. It has the appearance of
French polish."

Valuable Hints. — Lavater says, he who
seduously attends, pointedly asks, calmly
speaks, coolly answers, and ceases when he
has no more to say, is in possession of some
of the best " requisites" of man.

Escape of Slaves. — The Canada Mission
have published their annual report, in which
they state tiial during the year 1842, fifteen
hundred slaves escaped from their masters in
the United States, and are now in Canada. —
N. y. Eo. Post.




We have been furnished from New England
with the following information respecting the
•late Yearly Meeting : —

New England Yearly Meeting convened at
Newport, R. I., on the 12lh ult., and continu-
ed its sittings until noon of the 17th. 'J"he
meeting of ministers and elders met on the
10th instant, at the same place. The meeting
was large. Epistles were received from other
Yearly Meetings and read, and the usual sub-
jects of interest claimed its attention and care.
Ministers and their companions, with minutes,
were in attendance from Ohio, New York, and
Philadelphia Yearly Meetings.

The clerk informing the meeting that he
had a communication from a body, not a cor-
respondent of this meeting; it was placed in
the hands of a few Friends to examine, who
reported against reading it. The paper was
understood to be an epistle from the "Yearly
Meeting of Anti-Slavery Friends" in Indiana.

The report of the Boarding School Commit-
tee informed that this seminary had been sus-
tained the past year with an average of about
eighty scholars ; and that about 3000 dollars
had been expended in improvements on the
buildings and farm.

After some discussion, in which there was
a contrariety of opinion, a committee was ap-
pointed, styled " The committee on general
services," to take into consideration such sub-
jects as they might deem of importance to the
general welfare of Society, and to report from
time to time, through the sittings of the meet-
ing, as way may open for it, and occasion re-
quire. Information of this appointment was
sent to the women's meeting, for the purpose
of having a joint committee.

The appeal of South Kingston Monthly
Meeting from the judgment of Rhode Island
Quarterly .Meeting dissolving said Monthly
Meeting, and directing certain of its minutes
to be expungfed, came before the Yearly
Meeting, and was referred to a committee of
twenty-one. The following rules of discipline
were read from the clerk's table, as applica-
ble to the case.

" When a Quarterly Meeting hath come to a
judgment respecting any difference relative to
any Monthly Meeting belonging to them, and
notified the same in writing to such Monthly
Meeting, the said Monthly Meeting ought to
submit to the judgment of the Quarterly
Meeting; but if such Monthly Meeting shall
not be satisfied therewith, then the Monthly
Meeting may appeal to the Yearly Meeting
against the judgment and determination of the
Quarterly Meeting.

" And if a Monthly Meeting shall refuse
to take the advice, and submit to the judg-
ment of the Quarterly Meeting, and not-
withstanding will nut appeal against the
determination of the said meeting, to the
Yearly Meeting ; in such case, the Quarterly
Meeting shall be at liberty, either to dissolve
such Monthly Meeting, or bring the aftair be-
fore the next or succeeding Yearly Meet-

" And in case a Quarterly Meeting shall
dissolve a Monthly Meeting, the dissolved
Monthly Meeting, or any part thereof, in the
name of the said meeting, shall be at liberty
to appeal to the next or succeeding Yearly
Meeting against such dissolution, but if the
dissolved Monthly Meeting, or a part thereof,
in its behalf, shall not appeal to the Yearly
Meeting, the Quarterly Meeting shall join
the members of the said late Monthly Meet-
ing to such other Monthly Meetings as they
may think most convenient, and until such
time shall take care that no inconvenience
doth thereby ensue to the members of such
dissolved meeting, respecting any branch of
our discipline."

Rhode Island Quarterly Meeting had ap-
pointed a committee to extend care to South
Kingston Monthly Meeting; which commit-
tee furnished the Monthly Meeting with writ-
ten advice to annul certain proceedings, and
expunge certain minutes made during an in-
terval of five months. A decision upon the
acceptance of this advice was deferred by the
Monthly Meeting for one month, within which
lime the Quarterly Meeting occurred, and
decided to dissolve the Monthly Meeting, an-
nul its proceedings, expunge its minutes, and
attach its members to another Monthly Meet-

South Kingston Monthly Meeting believed
itself aggrieved, inasmuch as, previous to the
time of its dissolution, there had been no judg-
ment come to by its Quarter in the case, and
no opportunity was afforded it, should the
judgment of the Quarter have been in confor-
mity with the advice of its committee, to ob-
tain the decision of the Yearly Meeting before
the Monthly Meeting was dissolved, — a right
guaranteed by the discipline. A report signed
by thirteen of the committee appointed on the

appeal, confirming the judgment of Rhode
Island Quarterly Meeting was brought in and
adopted by the Yearly Meeting. A report,
signed by six of the committee, stating, that
in their opinion the judgment of that Quar-
terly Meeting ought to be reversed, was also
read and ordered to be filed. Two of the
committee declined signing either report. One
of the thirteen who signed the first report in-
formed the meeting that the discipline had not
been so strictly adhered to by the Quarterly
Meeting as would have been desirable, but
considering the powers of the Yearly Meet-
ing's committee, under whose advice they had
acted, he thought it would do to confirm their
judgment. One of the six who signed the last
report, also remarked, that when individuals or
meetings are subjected to disciplinary pro-
ceedings, they are entitled to have the disci-
pline strictly adhered to, and, in this case,
while he united with the conclusion to which
the Quarterly Meeting had come, he thought
some of their proceedings were not in accord-
ance with the discipline.

The minutes of the Meeting for Sufferings
informed that a committee had prepared an
essay upon the doctrines and testimonies of
the Society, which was read in the Yearly
Meeting, united with, and directed to be print-
ed in suflicient number to supply the members
and others.

An account of a visit to the Indians west of
the Mississippi was read, and referred to a
committee who reported in favour of printing
some parts of it.

The standing committee of the Yearly
Meeting appointed to extend care and advice
to the subordinate meetings and to individual
members, was again continued.

Replies to the epistles from other Yearly
Meetings were prepared and adopted — and the
meeting adjourned to meet at the usual time
next year.

Last week was inserted a communication
relative to the early history of Chester Month-
ly Meeting (Penn.) The present number con-
tains a record respecting Settle Monthly Meet-
ing, Yorkshire, England, which we have copied
from a recent English publication. The latter
seems to have had its origin in a call from
the Second-day Morning meeting, London,

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 120 of 154)