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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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probably issued as a circular to Monthly
Meetings in general, and shows the care of
Friends in that early period, to collect authen-
tic statements pertaining to the history of the
Society. We would suggest to individuals
having charge of the books of record, both of
Monthly and Quarterly Meetings on this con-
tinent, especially those of ancient establish-
ment, the pleasant task of searching out and
transcribing for publication in " The Friend,"
such documents and incidents as might pro-
perly and profitably be drawn forth from their
obscurity. Should the intimation be gener-
ally attended to, much matter of an in-
teresting character would, we doubt not, be
forthcoming for the enrichment of our




The following account of Mary Greenwood,
of Springfield, Essex, (England,) is taken from
the Annual Monitor, New Series, No. 1. Her
decease occurred the 8th of Eleventh month,
1841, aged ninety-five years.

" Thi3 our dear aged friend was the daughter
of William and Mary Wright, of Royston, in
Hertfordshire, and was born the 27th of Third
mo., 1746. She afterwards removed to Ampt-
hill. But little is known of her early life, until
her marriage with Robert Greenwood, of
Chelmsford, in 1769, when she became a
member of that Monthly Meeting.

" Notwithstanding for some years her path
was marked by trials and discouragements,
yet she was enabled to persevere in the dis-
charge of her Christian duties.

" She was appointed to the station of elder,
but believing it required of her to appear in
testimony in our meetings for worship, she
was acknowledged a minister in the sixty-
eighth year of her age. Although her reli-
gious services were chiefly confined within
her own Quarterly Meeting, yet she visited
with certificate the meetings of Bedford and

" Her solicitude was great for the best in-
terests of her children, which was evinced by
example and precept. She was a tender, sym-
pathising friend and neighbour, often visiting
those in afiliction, and was enabled to extend
religious counsel to many. Being an instruc-
tive example of simplicity and moderation in
her manner of living, she was able to bestow
more largely to add to the comforts of others;
and as her years increased, her benevolence
became more conspicuous, so that her talent
was not buried. ' She was ready to distribute,
willing to communicate.' She was favoured
to retain her faculties; and her diligence in
the attendance of meetings continued to a very
advanced period of her long life ; and when
confined through increased feebleness, her
friends can recur to many seasons in which
she testified, with much liveliness of spirit,
her concern for the prosperity of the truth.

" To a friend who called upon her, she said,
' I believe all things will work together for
good, to those who love and fear the Lord. I
often feel much poverty ; yet there are times
when the love of God covers my soul, — that
love which embraces all mankind the world

" The last illness of our dear friend, which
was brought on by a fall while taking exer-
cise in her own house, was of about ten days'
continuance, and attended with much suffer-
ing. Only a few of her expressions could be
clearly understood ; but a short time before
her departure, she was heard to say, ' I have
a hope that I shall soon be in heaven;' adding,
with a melodious voice, ' my Redeemer, my
Saviour, my joy !' "

From the Dritisll Friend.

Respecting Settle Monthly Meeting, York-
shire, England.
SctllL- Monthly Meeting, 3ii of Eleventh mo., 1704.
Friends were present from the different
meetings, viz. : Settle, Benlham, BoUand,

Rilston, Scarhouse, Salterforth, Selside. — Isl. they soon fell upon him with violence, and did
.John Moore, Joseph Nicholson, Thomas (^arr,! beat and buffet him very nuich, so that he
and William Armistead, give account, that, received many strokes: yet there were some
according as they were desired by Friends at who endeavoured to bear off some blows, and
our last iMonthly Meeting, they did collect the to rid him out of their hands ; and after some
several accounts they now brought in from time he was conducted to the house of John
the several Particular Meetings, touching the Ridd, in Upper Settle, where there was a
labours, sufferings, and service of aticient meeting in the evening, and then things rela-
Friends, not yet in print, which being so col- ting to the kingdom of God were plainly laid
lected and transcribed into one, was delivered down by him. Now, these servants of the
to F^riends at the Quarterly Meeting, and a i Lord did not go away without leaving some
copy thereof reserved in their meeting, which ! impressions upon the souls and spirits of some
is as followeth: — lof the inhabitants of the said town, so that they

From our Monthly Meeting, held at Settle, 'were convinced, and came to witness the day
the 22d of the Tenth month, 1704, to theiof the Lord's power, which broke forth more
Quarterly Meeting at York. 'and more amongst them, notwithstanding the

Dear Friends, — According to the request of cruelty which was used against the servants
the Second-day's morning meeting in London, 'of the Lord; so that there was a people
we have had under our consideration the most [gathered from the world's ways and worships,
remarkable passages which we can remember, [ to worship God in spirit; who, for that end
touching the faithful labours in the gospel of and purpose, met often together, for divers
Christ, and effectual service of those who were years, from house to house, and many were

first instrumental both in gathering and set
tling meetings now belonging to Settle Month-
ly Meeting, which do here follow.

Before the testimony of Truth, or the way of
worshipping of God in Spirit, was published
or declared in this latter age, by the messen-
gers and servants of the Lord in these parts
of the country, there was much talk and dis-j
cussion of a people who were scattered up and

convinced of the blessed truth, and added to
those who at first believed, so that their num-
ber increased considerablj" ; and in process of
time a public meeting-house was builded by
the said people in the said town of Settle,
where a meeting is settled and kept, known
by the name of Settle Meeting at this day;
and, moreover, from a part of the said meet-
here is n(.w another meeting settled

down the country, and more especially in the some few miles from Settle, known by the
west and northern parts thereof, who differed name of Selside Meeting ; so that the truth
from other people in their belief concerning had wonderfully prevailed, and does prevail,
the principles of religion and worshipping of i blessed be the name of the Lord.
God, and in most parts they were slandered,
vilified, and evil spoken of, saying that the
false prophets were now coming which were
spoken of in the Scripture. But there were
some who pondered those sayings, and were
desirous to know the certainty thereof, and in
process of time, in or about the year 1652 or
16.53, it was so ordered, that one of the ser-
vants and messengers of Jesus Christ, namely,
William Dewsbury, came to a town called
Settle, in the west part of Yorkshire, on a
market-day, and stood upon the cross and
proclaimed the terrible day of the Lord, which
was hastening and coming upon the ungodly
and workers of iniquity ; but he was soon
pulled down, and a great tumult was made,
and he was much beaten and abused. But
after some time, being taken notice of by a
young man whose name was John Armistead,
(who is yet living) was invited to go with him
to his mother's house, whose name was Alice

a widow

Armistead, being

and lodged there; and in the evening, divers
people were gathered to the hou.^e, it being in
the said town, unto whom he declared fer-
vently against the fruitless profession of reli-
gion which was amongst people at that time,
and directed people to the measure of grace
and gift of God's Holy Spirit in their own
hearts, whereby they might be tavight how to
worship God acceptably in his own Spirit.
.\nd not long after this, it was so ordered, that
another servant and minister of the Lord,
called John Camm, came into the said town on
a market-day, and in the market-place began
to preach the doctrine of repentance, and the
way of life and salvation unto the people. But

Also, in or about the year 1652, or 1653,
came several of the servants and ministers of
Jesus Christ, viz.: William Dewsbury, Rich-
ard Farnsworth, Thomas Stubbs, Miles Hall-
head, and James Naylor, and preached the
everlasting gospel, by which many were turn-
ed from darkness to light, and from the power
of Satan to the power of God ; and by their
ministry, a meeting was gathered and settled
at ScalehoHse, near Skipton, in Craven, in
Yorkshire, and truth gained ground greatly;
so that several were raised to preach the day
of the Lord, and salvation to mankind, through
the revelation of his Son, Jesus Christ, in their
hearts, of whom Richard Scestrop was one
who was born the 15th of the Fourth month,
1628, and was a persecutor of Friends; but
the hand of the Lord was heavy upon him, so
that he sought to those whom he had sorely
abused, and made confession to repentance,
and afterward received mercy from the hand
lither he went, j of God ; and the Lord's power grew strong in

him, so that he was made to declare the power
of God to mankind, and became an able min-
ister of the gospel, and travelled into Scotland
and many other places in this nation, to turn
men from darkness to light; and though he
was born to .some estate, yet for his love to
the Lord Jesus C'hii>t, left it all and spent his
days in his service, and died in his travel be-
yond the seas : and his memory is sweet this
day amongst the brethren.

Also, John Hill was brought into the work
of the ministry, who travelled through the
most of this nation and Ireland, and some
parts of Germany, exhorting Friends to faith-
fulness, and to wait for the openings of life in



tliem; and great zeal was upon him to slir
Friends up to meet togetlier on tlie week day,
declaring how God could sanctify mean things
to Friends who gave themselves up to serve
him in their meetings. He lived to a good
old age, and died the 15th of the Twelltli
nionth'^ 16S4, in unity with his brethren. And
the said meeting, which was gathered and
settled by those faithful labourers aforemen-
tioned, now known by the name of Kilslone
Meeting, doth remain; and the same power
by which it hath been settled, is the slrenglh
and uphold thereof unto this day. Likewise,
near about the same time, the said William
Dewsbury and James Nayler had some meet-
ini/s in some places, son)e miles distant I'rom
Scalehouse aforesaid ; but truth getting ground,
and the number of Friends increasing about
where they lived, they settled a meeting near
a village called Salterforth, which is now be-
come a meeting of a considerable number of
Friends, and is called by the name of tsaller-
forth Meeting. Also, about the year lb62 or
16.'i3, it was so ordered, that some of the ser-
vants, messengers, and ministers of Jesus
Christ, were drawn to visit a people at or near
unto a town called Bentham, in the west part
of Yorkshire, namely, William Dewsbury,
Richard Farnsworth, Robert Hall, and John
Snayden, by whose ministry divers of the said
people were convinced of the truth, turned unto
Christ, their teacher, on whom they often met
together to wait, who gave them to witness
the making good of His ancient promises, that
where two or three were gathered in His
name. His presence should be in the midst of
them, by which they were strengthened and
encouraged to continue their Christian prac-
tice t)f meeting together; and their number
since that time hath much increased, so that
they are now become a meeting of a consider-
able number of Friends, which is called Ben-
tham Meeting. Now, the aforesaid Robert
Hall, having a concern upon him to go to the
Steeple-house at Bentham aforesaid, was sore-
ly beaten and bruised in such sort, that he
died in a short time after. Moreover, from
the aforesaid meeting of Bentham (there being
some convinced) there is a part gone otT, and
a meeting settled, known by the name of
Wray Meeting, in Lancashire.

Furthermore, George Fox, at his first com-
ing into the north, which was in the year
1652, was directed to the house of James
Tennant, called Scarhouse, in Longstrethdale,
where he preached the truth in the family,
and by the powerful virtue of it, the said
James Tennant and his wife were reached, so
as to receive the truth in the love of it ; where
a meeting was soon after settled, and is con-
tinued to this day, bearing the name of Sear-'
house Meeting. Now the said James Ten-
nant became a serviceable man to Friends and
truth in his day, which was not long after the
time of hisconvincement, being taken prisoner
for his testimony against tithes, from which he
did not decline, but patiently endured close
imprisonment until death.

In the year 1653, about the Sixth month,
came two Friends out of the north, whose
names were Thomas Vears and Christopher
Atkinson, to a little town called Newton, not

far from Slaidburn, in Bolland, on a Seventh-
day, at night, and were received by James
Bond, a poor man, and had a meeting the day
following, where several people were convinc-
ed ; and the Second-day of the week, another
meeting at Cuthbert Hayhurst's, at Essing-
ton, where they were well received : and a
little after, came William Dewsbury, to the
house of John Crossdale, and had some meet-
ings thereabouts, and so came down to the
house of Richard Leigh, and staid there three
days and writ some books, and afterwards
came to Essington, to Cuthbert Hayhurst's
house, and had a meeting at Slaidburn, and
was pulled down, and the town was all in an
uproar ; but there were some that were con-
vinced by him. Not long after, John Aud-
land came, and had a meeting at Richard
Leigh's, and Alexander Parker being come to
his lather's house, from Lancaster, where he
was convinced, and Cuthbert Hayhurst also
being convinced, and both of them being called
to the ministry, with those others who were
convinced by the Friends aforesaid, began to
keep a meeting, near unto Newton, where
there has been a meeting continued ever since,
and is called Bolland Meeting. Note — The
said Friend Cuthbert Hayhurst, afterwards
became an able minister of the gospel, and
travelled in the service thereof, in divers parts
of the nation, and some parts beyond the seas,
Jamaica ; and afterwards, with the unity and
Consent of his brethren, removed himself and
family into Pennsylvania, where he died in
full unity with Friends.

For " The Friend."

Recently meeting with some extracts, on
divers subjects, containing useful hints, per-
tinent to the soul's salvation, I felt willing to
transcribe them for insertion in " The Friend,"
as foUoweth.


The gospel of Christ is not a point of curi-
osity, but of universal concern, and that in the
highest and most interesting sense. Most of
the researches and disquisitions which employ
the time and talents of men, are of a trivial
or inditferent nature. We may range on dif-
ferent sides concerning them ; we may give
or refuse, or retract our assent, when, and as
often as we jilease ; we may be totally igno-
rant of them without loss, or be skilled in
them all without deriving any solid comfort or
advantage from them : but the gospel of
Christ is not like the dry, uninteresting theo-
ries of human wisdom ; it will either wound
or heal, be a savour of life or of death, a source
of endless comfort, or the occasion of aggra-
vated condemnation. * * * *
To receive it, is to receive the earnest and
assurance of eternal happiness ; to reject it,
or remain wilfully ignorant of its character
and properties, will leave the soul oppressed
with guilt, and exposed to the wrath of God
forever. It highly concerns us, therefore, to
inquire, whether we believe the gospel or no,
whether what we call the gospel, is the same
that Christ and his apostles taught ; and whe-
ther it has the same or similar effects upon our

hearts ? We live w here the gospel is gene-
rally professed, and we are reputed Chris-
tians from our cradles ; but the precepts of
Christ caution us to take heed, lest we be de»
ceived. We see Christianity divided into
innumerable sects and parties, each supported
by names, arguments and books, and contend-
ing for the credit of a denomination : but how
many forget, that in a little time all these
divisions and subdivisions will be reduced to
two: the only real and proper distribution by
which mankind, as to their religious charac-
ter, ever was or will be distinguished, and
according to which their final states will be
speedily decided, — the children of God, and
the children of the wicked one.


The early disciples, in all places took care
to instruct the believers in the nature of their
profession ; they reminded them of an unal-
terable necessity, in the present constitution
of things, that through much tribulation we
must enter into the kingdom of God. Acts,
xiv. 22.

That this was the case in the primitive
times, is generally allowed ; but we have been
told by some, that things are now greatly
altered in this respect ; they would persuade
us, that our Lord's words (Matt. vii. 13) are
no longer in force ; that the way to the king-
dom, in our happy days, is broad, spacious,
smooth, and thronged by multitudes, — the
very character he has given us of the road to
destruction ! Such teachers and writers are
little aware how they proclaim their own ig-
norance and inexperience. If they knew the
spirit of enmity which the world bears to true
Christianity, — the trials with which the JLord
visits his people, to prove and to exercise their
faith, — the assaults and temptations they en-
dure from the powers of darkness, — the griefs
they feel from a sense of their own unfaithful-
ness and unfruitfulness, — the fightings without
and fears within, which are more or less ex-
perienced in the Christian life, — if they knew
these things, they would speak otherwise.
The beaten way to honours and preferments
is, perhaps, free from these tribulations ; but
not so the way that will lead to the kingdom
of God.


"'Tis the praise of thine.
That whom it teaches it makes prompt to learn,
And with tlie hioon gives talents lor its use."

A skilful master may improve and inform
the scholar if he be rightly disposed to learn,
but he cannot communicate the disposition.
But Jesus can open and enliven the dullest
mind ; he teaches the blind to see, and the
deaf to hear. By nature we are untraclable,
and incapable of relishing Divine truth, how-
ever advantageously proposed to us by men
like ourselves. But happy are His scholars !
he enables them to surmount all difficulties.
He takes away the heart of stone, subdues the
most obstinate prejudices, enlightens the dark
understanding, and inspires a genius and a
taste for the sublime and interesting lessons he
proposes to them. In this respect, as in every
other, there is none who teacheth like him.



He teachelh the most important things.
The subjects of human science are compara-
tively trivial and insignificant. We may be
safely ignorant of them all. And we may
acquire the knowledge of them all, without
being wiser or better, with respect to the con-
cernments of our true happiness. E.\perience
and observation abundantly confirm the re-
mark of Solomon, That he who increaseth
koowledge increaseth sorrow. The eye is not
satisfied with seeing, nor the ear with hear-
ing. Eccles. i. 8, 18. Unless the heart be sea-
soned and sanctified by grace, the sum-total
of all other acquisitions is but vanity and vex-
ation of spirit. Eccles. ii. 17. Human learn-
ing will neither support the mind under trouble,
nor weaken its attachment to worldly things,
nor control its impetuous passions, nor over-
come the fear of death. The confession of
the learned Grotius, towards the close of a
life spent in literary pursuits, is much more
generally known than properly attended to.
He had deservedly a great name and reputa-
tion as a scholar ; but his own reflection upon
the results of his labours expresses what he
learned, not from his books and ordinary course
of studies, but from the great and heavenly
Teacher. He lived to leave this testimony
for the admonition of the learned, or to this
eflfect: "Alas! 1 have wasted my whole life
in taking much pains to no purpose." But
Jesus makes his scholars wise unto eternal
life, and reveals that knowledge to babes, to
persons of weak and confined abilities, of
which the wisdom of the world can form no
idea. He eflTeciually teaches his disciples
to forsake and abhor whatever is contrary to
rectitude or purity, and inspires them with
love, power, and a sound mind. And if they
do not talk of great things, they are enabled
to perform them. Their lives are exemplary
and useful, their deaths comfortable, and their
memory is precious.


Come, therefore, unto Him, venture upon
his extended mercy, and you shall find rest
for your souls. Can the world outbid this
gracious offer ] Can the world promise to
give you rest when you are burthened with
trouble ? when your cisterns fail, and your
gourds wither, or when you are terrified with
the approach of death, when your pulse inter-
mits, when you are about to take a final fare-
well of all you ever seen with your eyes, and
an awful, unknown, untried, unchangeable
eternity is opening upon your view ? Such a
moment most certainly awaits you ; and when
it arrives, if you die in your senses, and are
not judicially given up to hardness and blind
ness of heart, you will assuredly tremble, if
you never trembled before. O! be persuaded
iMay the Lord himself persuade you to be
timely wise, to seek him now while he may be
found, to call upon him while he is yet near
lest that dreadful threatening should be your
portion : " Because I have called, and ye
fused ; I have stretched out my hand, and no
man reijarded ; I also will laugh at your ca
iamity; I will mock when your fear cometh.'
Prov. i. 24, ■■id.

For "The Friend."

Never wcnry, always Eniiling,

Unconi|ilHiniiig on ihy way;
Roses, thro' tliy rays, beguiling

Many a care worn pilgrim's stay.

With Hope.

What a lesson thou art teaching,

To the limurous mortal here ;
Soul of the BJsy, forever preaching,

From lliy circuinambieut spliere.


Blessed courier, transient spring,
Time's pilot on the fleeting wave ;

Important warnings thou dost bring.
Of a life beyond the grave.

Through Faith.

Child of Heaven I what a blessing !

'I'o view thee with an eye of truth ;
And follow on ihroiigh conflicts pressnig,

Thou emblem of immortal youth,

To Rest.

Never weary, always smiling,

Brightly thou pursues thy course ;

Roses, through thy rays, beguiling,
Weary pilgrims to thy source —

Sixth month, 1£43.

The following .-imple but pretty stanzas were writ-
ten for a recent occasion in Boston, by M. H. Wether-
bee, a hard working stone-cutter : —

God's spirit smiles in flow'rs
And in soft summer show'rs,

He sends his love.
Each dew-drop speaks His praise.
And bubbling fount displays.
In all their lucid rays.
Light from above.

The liny vines that creep
Along the ravines steep

Obey His nod.
The golden orb of day.
And Ocean's crested spray
To Hiui due homage pay —

Creation's God.

Thus Friendship wears its bloom,
And smites beyond the tomb.

In its own light.
O may that Love be ours,
Which gilds life's darkest hours,
Cheering like smiling flow'rs,

Hope's deepest night.

Indian Mode of Nursing Children.— The
invariable custom was for the " squaw" to
place the " papoose" or infant in an upright
cradle, which was suspended from her back,
and which she carried about with her through-
out all her arduous toils from morning to night.
The infant was tied with deer-skin straps to a
board, which rested against the back of the
mother, and as they were back to back, they
looked of course in contrary directions. The'
feet rested on a band, and from the roof of
the cradle were suspended ingenious and beaU'
tiful toys and rattles, with which the little
Indian amused itself in its waking moments.
The position was considered one eminently

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 121 of 154)