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conducive to the full development of the limbs
and chest, and the growth of a healthy frame
The mother, in the course of operations in
cutting wood, cooking or dressing skins, was
continually stooping and rising, by which the
papoose enjoyed an almost perpetual rocking



motion. If it was cross, and cried, the mother
only worked the harder, and upon no consid-
eration did she take it down lor the purpose
of soothing or coaxing it to good nature.
There it swung up and down till it fell asleep
at its own convenience ; but when the mother
heard that the child had awakened, and was
good-humouredly playing with its rattles, she
took it in her arms and fondled and fed it,
though, on the first symptom of a frown, it
was again suspended back to back, in its cra-
dle. Might not civilized mothers take a leaf
from the book of the squaw, as to the inutility
of over-fondling cross infants, who are deter-
mined to give noisy proofs of their presence
in the world. — Catlin's Lecture.



The Power of the Press. — In the year
1721, the wages of the labouring man were
just three half pence per day ; and at the
same period, the price of a Bible fairly writ-
ten out was 30/. sterling. Of course a com-
mon labourer in those days could not have
procured a Bible with less than the entire
earnings of thirteen years ! — Now, a beautiful
printed copy of the same book can be pur-
chased with the earnings of one day 1 Take
another view of the subject. An ordinary
clerk cannot make a fair manuscript copy of
the Bible in less than three months ! With a
common printing-press, work equivalent to
printing a copy of the whole Bible, can be
done in ten minutes ; and with a steam-
press of the most improved construction,
the same work can be done in three
minutes !

Late paper.



FRIENDS' ASYLUM.

Committee on Admissions. — John G. Hos-
kins. No. 60 Franklin street, and No. 50
North Fourth street, up stairs; Isaiah Hack-
er, No. 112 south Third street, and No. 32
Chestnut street; Samuel Betlle, jr., No. 73
North Tenth street, and 26 South Front
street ; Charles Ellis, No. 95 South Eighth
street, and No. 56 Chestnut street ; Benjamin
Albertson, No. 45 North Sixth street, and
No. 19 High street; Blakey Sharpless, No.
253 Pine street, and No. 50 North Fourth
street.

Visiting Managers for the Month. — Bla-
key Sharpless, No. 253 Pine street ; John G.
Hoskins, No. 60 Franklin street; Jeremiah
Willits, No. 193 North Fifth street.

Superintendents. — Philip Garrett and Su-
san Barton.

Attending Physician. — Dr. Charles Evans,
No. 201 Arch street.

Resident Physician. Dr. Joshua H.

Worthington.



DiKD, at Experiment Mills, Monroe county, Penn.,
on Second-day evening, aiith ult., after a lingering ill-
ness, Susan, daughter of James and Susan Bell, in the
thirty-first year of her age.

PRINTED BY JOSEPH &. WILLIAM KITE,
Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



VOIm XVI.



SEVENTH-SA7, SEVENTH IMCOlfTB, 15, 1843.



SrO. 42.



EDITED BY BOBEKT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

Price two dollars per annum, payable in adcanee.

Subscriptions and Payments received by

GEORGE W. TAYLOR,

HO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



For " The Friend."
FEMALE EDUCATION.

(Continued from page 32-2.)

" Another advantage of this institution is,
an elevated and invigorating course of mental
discipline. Many persons seem to suppose,
that the chief object of an intellectual educa-
tion is the acquisition of knowledge. But it
will be found, that this is only a secondary
object. It is the formation of habits of inves-
tigation, of correct reasoning, of persevering
attention, of regular system, of accurate ana-
lysis, and of vigorous mental action, that are
the primary objects to be sought in preparing
American women for their arduous duties,
which will demand not only quickness of per-
ception, but steadiness of purpose, regularity
of system, and perseverance in action.

" It is for such purposes that the discipline
of the mathematics is so important an ele-
ment in female education ; and it is in this
aspect that the mere acquisition of facts, and
the attainment of accomplishments should be
made of altogether secondary account.

" In the institution here described, a syste-
matic course of study is adopted, as in our
colleges ; designed to occupy three years.
The following slight outline of the course of
study, will exhibit the liberal plan adopted in
this respect.

" In mathematics, the whole of arithmetic
contained in the larger works used in schools,
the whole of Euclid, and such porlions from
Day's Mathematics, as are requisite to enable
the pupils to demonstrate the various problems
in Olmsted's larger work on Natural Philoso-
phy. In language, besides English grammar,
a short course in Latin is required, sufficient
to secure an understanding of the philosophy
of the language, and that kind of mental dis-
cipline which the exercise of translating af-
fords. In philosophy, chemistry, astronomy,
botany, geology and mineralogy, intellectual
and moral philosophy, political economy, and
the evidences of Christianity, the same text
books are used as are required at our best col-
leges. In geography, the largest work, and
most thorough course is adopted; and in his-
tory, a more complete knowledge is secured,



by means of charts and text-books, than most
of our colleges offer. To these branches are
added Griscom's Physiology, Bigelow's Tech-
nology, and Jahn's Archaeology, together with
a course of instruction in polite literature, for
which Chalmer's English Literature is em-
ployed as the text-book, each recitation being
attended with selections and criticisms, from
teacher or pupils, on the various authors
brought into notice. * * *

" To secure the proper instruction in all
these branches, the division of labour, adopted
in colleges, is pursued. Each teacher has
distinct branches as her department, for which
she is responsible, and in which she is inde-
pendent. By this method the teachers have
sufficient time, both to prepare themselves,
and to impart instruction and illustration in
the class-room.

One peculiarity of this institution demands
iideration. By the method adopted there,
the exclusive business of educating their own
sex, is confined to females, as it ever ought lo
be. The principal of the institution, indeed,
is a gentleman ; but, while he takes the posi-
tion of a father of the family, and responsible
head of the whole concern, the whole charge
of instruction, and all the responsibilities in
regard to health, morals and manners, rest
upon the female teachers in their several de-
partments. The principal is the religious
teacher ; and is a member of the Board of
Insfructers, so far as to have a voice, and an
equal vote, in every question pertaining to the
concerns of the institution ; and thus he acts
as a sort of regulating main-spring in all the
various departments. But no one person in
the institution is loaded with the excessive
responsibilities, that rest upon one person
where a large institution of this kind has one
principal, who employs and directs all the
subordinate assistants. The writer has never
before seen the principle of the division of
labour and responsibility so perfectly carried
out in any female institution ; and believes
that experience will prove that this is the true
model for combining, in appropriate propor-
tions the agency of both se.xes in carrying for-
ward such an institution.

" Many, who are not aware of the great
economy secured by a proper division of
labour, will not understand how so extensive
a course can be properly completed in three
years. But in this institution none are re-
ceived under fourteen, and a certain amount
of previous acquisition is required, in order to
admission, as is done in our colleges. This
secures a diminution of classes, so that but a
few studies are pursued at one time ; while the
number of well-qualified teachers is so ade-
quate, that full time is afibrded for all needful
instruction and illustration. Where teachers



have so many classes, that ihcy merely have
time to find out what their pupils learn from
books, without any aid from their teacher, the
acquisitions of the pupils are vague and im-
perfect, and soon pass away ; so that an
immense amount of expense, time, and labour
are spent in acquiring what is lost about as
fast as it is gained.

" Parents are little aware of the immense
waste incurred by the present mode of con-
ducting female education — young girls are
sent to school year after year, confined six
hours a day to the school-house, and required
to add some time out of school to acquiring
school exercises. Thus, during the most cri-
tical period of life, they are confined six hours
a day, in a room filled with an atmosphere
vitiated bj' many breaths, and are constantly
kept under some sort of responsibility in re-
gard to mental effort. Teachers usually have
so many pupils, and such a variety of branches
to teach, that little time can be afforded to
each pupil, while scholars, at this thoughtless
period of life, feeling sure of going to school
as long as they please, feel little interest in
their pursuits.

" The writer believes that the actual
amount of education secured by most young
women from the age of ten to fourteen, could
all be acquired in one year at the institution
described, by one at the age of fifteen or six-
teen.

" Instead of such a course as the common
one, if mothers would keep their daughters as
their domestic assistants, until they are four-
teen, requiring them to study one lesson, and
go out, once a day, to recite it to a teacher, it
would abundantly prepare them, after their
constitution is firmly established, to enter
such an institution, where, in three years,
they would secure more than almost any-
young woman in the country now gains, by
giving the whole of her youth to school pur-
suits. This is the time when young women
would feel the value of an education, and pur-
sue their studies with that maturity of mind,
and vividness of interest, which would double
the perpetuity and value of all their acquisi-
tions.

" This method for lessening the evils pecu-
liar to American women, is a decided effort to
oppose the aristocratic feeling, that labour is
degrading; and to bring about the impression
that it is refined and lady-like to engage in
domestic pursuits. In past ages, and in aris-
tocratic countries, leisure and indolence, and
frivolous pursuits, have been deemed lady-tike
and refined, because those classes which were
most refined patronised such an impression.
But as soon as women of refinement, as
a general custom, patronise domestic pur-
suits, then these pursuits will be deemed be-



330

coming. But it may be urged, that it is
impossible for a woman wlio cooUs, washes,
and sweeps, to appear in the dress, or acquire
the habits and manners of a lady ; lliat the
drudgery of the kilclicn is dirty work, and
that no one can appear delicate and refined
while engaged in it. Now all this depends on
circumstances. If a woman has a house, des-
titute of neat and convenient facilities; if she
has no habits of order and system ; if she is
slack and careless in person and dress; — then
all this may be true. But, if a woman will
make some sacrifices of costly ornaments in
her parlour, in order to make her kitchen
neat and tasteful ; if she will sacrifice costly
dishes, in order to secure such conveniences
for labour as protect from exposures; if she
will take pains to have the dresses, in which
she works, made of suitable materials, and in
good taste: if she will rise early, and syste-
matize and oversee the work of her family, so
as to have it done thoroughly, neatly, and in
the early part of the day ; she will find no ne-
cessity for any such apprehensions. It is
because such has generally been done by vul-
gar people, and in a vulgar way, that we have
such associations; and when women manage
such things as they should, then such asso-
ciations will be removed. There are pursuits,
deemed very refined and genteel, that involve
quite as much exposure as kitchen employ-
ments. For example, to draw a large land-
scape, in coloured crayons, would be deemed
very lady-like ; but the writer can testify,
from sad experience, that no cooking, wash-
ing, sweeping, or any other domestic duty,
ever left such deplorable traces on hands, face
and dress as this same lady-like pursuit. Such
things depend entirely on custom and asso-
ciations; and every American woman who
values the institutions of her country, and
wishes to lend her influence in extending and
perpetuating such blessings, may feel that she
is doing this, whenever, by her example and
influence, she destroys the aristocratic asso-
ciation, that would render domestic labour
degrading."



Extraordinary Pon-er of Recognition in a
Tiger. — One day last week, a singular cir-
cumstance occurred in Wombwell's Royal
Menagerie, corroborative of the retentive
memory said to be possessed by this most
Yicious of the forest tribe, the tiger. A sailor,
who had been strolling round the exhibition,
loitering here and there to admire and identify
some of the animals with those he had seen in
far distant climes, was attracted by the strange
noise made by a tiger, who seemed irritated
beyond endurance. Jack, somewhat alarmed
sought the keeper to inquire the cause of so
singular a disjilay of feeling, which, he re
inarked, becatne more boisterous the nearer
he approached the animal ; the keeper replied,
that the behaviour of the tiger indicated either
that he was vastly pleased or annoyed ; upon
this the sailor again approached the den, and,
after gazing at the tiger for a few minutes,
during which the animal became frantic with
seeming rage, lashing his tail against his sides,
and giving utterance to the most frightful bel-



THE FKIEND.

lowings, discovered the tiger to be the same
animal brought to England under the special
care of the weather-beaten tar. It now be-
came Jack's turn to be delighted, as it appear-
ed the tiger was in recognizing his old friend,
and, after making repeated applications to be
permitted to enter the den for the purpose, as
he said, of " shaking a fist" with the beautiful
animal, he was suftered so to do ; the iron door
was opened, and in jumped Jack, to the delight
of hitnself and striped friend, and to the aston-
hment of the lookers-on. The aflection of
the animal was now shown by caressing and
licking the pleased sailor, whom he seemed
to welcome with the heartiest satisfaction ;
and when the honest tar left the den the an-
guish of the animal appeared almost insupport-
able. — Detonport Independent,

Interesting Incident. — A carrier pigeon
ghted at the house or William Barrall, in
Canaan, Connecticut, on the afternoon of
17th ult., giving signs of hunger and fatigue.
And as Judge B. never sends the traveller
empty away, he brought out some wheat to
his winged visiter, which it very greedily ate
from his hand. While the pigeon was eating,
s legs were noticed to be wrapped with pa-
per ; and on removing the bandages, they
were found to contain Webster's oration, de-
livered at the Bunker Hill celebration, written
on two sheets of tissue paper. The judge had
the pleasure of reading the speech while the
bird was satisfying its hunger and regaining
its strength, and then replacing the tissue
boots of the faithful airy messenger, it took a
rapid flight to the west.

Instance of right feeling in a slave-holding

The Myxlery Cleared Up. — Private infor-
mation having come to certain gentlemen in
this city, which led them to believe that a
coloured woman, exposed for sale, was in
truth a free person, and the same that was
abducted from Philadelphia a year ago; a
cautious and active investigation was institu-
ted, which resulted in establishing the truth
of these suspicions beyond doubt, and she was
on Wednesday evening sent back to her
friends. The man who brought her here, has
we understand, made himself invisible iron
the first. The name of the coloured woman
is Mary Loudon. — Charleston Courier,



MASTERS AND SERVANTS.

The following was communicated by Thomas
Fox to his servants, during his last sickness.
1820:—

Having requested to see the servants, he
addressed them, after a short pause, in a very
affectionate and instructive manner, observing,
that the nearer Christian communities kept to
Christian principles, the more interested would
their members feel in each other's welfare
that masters and servants might be helpful to
each other; that not only were masters at
times qualified to administer counsel to their
servants, but likewise servants to their mas-



ters. He charged them to receive it from him
as a dying legacy, that real, vital religion, the
religion of the heart, was the most acceptable
to the Almighty; and that on our pillows we
might sometimes derive more benefit than
from the strictest observance of any formal
religious ceremonies. He said, that he had
often felt for those in their station, apprehend-
ing they had often much to endure from the
caprice of their employers; but that when
hey bore provocation patiently, he believed
t was well pleasing in the Divine sight ; and
hat if at any time he had hurt their feelings,
(which he supposed he must have done,) he
entreated their forgiveness, even as he hear-
tily forgave all those who had injured him.



For •• The Friend."
ARMELLE NICOLAS.

An account of Armelle Nicolas was pub-
lished many years ago in the form of a Tract,
and passed through several editions. Some
who were interested and instructed by its pe-
rusal in younger life, would be glad to see
the following extract from it inserted in " The
Friend."

The blessed effect of a Holy Life and daily
conversation with God, exempUfed in u
short extract of the life of Armelle Nicolas,
a poor ignorant country maid.

To THE Reader.

The person, whose daily conversation is
here described, was not long since a poor sim-
ple country maid, and servant to a great family
in France. The whole course of iier life was
very instructive, and a most shining pattern
of a true spiritual conversation. The particu-
lars here related are taken out of the 18th
chapter of the second part of her life, giving
great encouragement to a daily and uninter-
rupted conversation with God, and to walk
before him as the omnipresent Lord and
Father.

If we knew nothing else of Christianity,
nor any other exercise but this, to spend one
day after another in this manner, it would be
sufficient. 'Tis very remarkable that this
person who served God with unwearied pray-
er and watchfulness, was so ignorant that she
could neither read nor write, and withal a ser-
vant, constantly employed in business and
hard labour. By this we see that the true
service of God is spiritual, universal, plain and
easy, so that no person can be excused from
it by any pretence whatsoever.

A Christian''s Daily Conversation with God.
" As soon as I wake iti the morning," saith
she, " I throw myself into the arms of my
heavenly Love, as a child into the arms of his
father. I rise with a design to serve and
please him. 1 give myself up wholly to him,
and desire him to fulfil all his holy v;ill in me,
and that he would not suffer me that day to do
the least thing which might be ofTensive to
him. I love and praise him as much and as
long as my affairs permit ; though very of\en
I have hardly so much lime as to say the
Lord's prayer. But I do not trouble myself



THE FRIEND.



331



about that ; for I have God always in my
heart, as well when I am about my busines:!,
which I do in obedi«iice to his will, as when
I retire on purpose to pray to him. 'I'liis he
himself has taught me, that whatever I do out
of love to him, is a real prayer.

" I dress tnyself in his presence, and he
ehows me that his love supplies me with
raiment. And wlien I go about my business,
even then doth he nol forsake me, uor 1 him,
but he converses with me, and I with him ;
yea, I am then as much united to him, as
when I am at my prayers, set apart on pur-
pose for my spiritual recollection. O ! how
sweet and easy is all labour and toil in such
good company ! Sometimes I perceive such
strength and support in my mind, that nothing-
is too hard for me, and I think myself alone
able to manage the affairs of the whole fami-
ly. Nothing but the body is at work, the
heart and myself burn with love in the sweet
familiarity I entertain with God.

" When I am about my business in the
day-time, running up and down, till the body
begins to be weary, or to repine, or to desire
unseasonable rest, being oppressed with anger
and uneasiness, my Divine Love enlightens me
forthwith, and shows me how I ought to sup-
press those rebellious motions of corrupt na-
ture, and not to nourish them at all, either by
word or deed. This love keeps the door of
my lips, and watches over my heart, that it
may not in the least contribute to such irregu-
lar passions, which thus are crushed and sub-
dued as soon as they rise.

" But if, at any time, for want of care, I
am surprised with these or the like faults, I
cannot be at rest, (ill 1 have obtained pardon,
and God be reconciled to me. I lie prostrate
before his footstool, confessing all my faults
to him, as if he did not know them already ;
and there I continue, till he has forgiven me,
renewed his friendship with me, and confirmed
it more than before. For so it always hap-
pens through his infinite mercy, whenever I
have committed a fault, which serves but to
inflame my heart more and more with his
Divine love. If people persecute me, and by
foul and uncharitable censures raise scandals
upon me, or any other way afflict me; or if
evil thoughts attack me with their crafty and
cunning temptations, I then presently run to
my heavenly Love, who readily stretches
forth his sacred arms to receive me, showing
ine his heart and wounds open for my secu-
rity ; in which I hide myself as in a strong
castle and fortress. And then I am so migh-
tily strengthened, that if the whole army of
hell itself, together with all the creatures,
should rise up against me, I fear them no more
than a fly, — because I am under the protec-
tion of the most high God, his love being
the hiding-place and safe-guard of my soul.

" If He at any time hides his face, making
as if he would go away from me, I tell him,
' O! 'tis no matter, my Love, conceal thyself
as much as thou pleasest, nevertheless I'll
serve thee ; for I know thou art my God.'
And then I stand upon my guard more than
ever, to be faithful to him, for fear of dis-
pleasing my Love. And at the same time,
perceiving the greatness of my misery and



poverty, I insist the more upon the merits of
our Saviour, and resolve to rest contented,
though it should please him to leave me all
the days of my life in such a condition. But
he never lets me continue long under these cir-
cumstances, and if I may so venture to speak,
he cannot forbear loving me, any more than I
can live without him.

" If I am persuaded to be merry in com-
pany, I excuse myself. For nothing can be
compared to the pleasures of my Love, which
are so much the sweeter and greater, for my
withdrawing from all company whatsoever.
If they wonder, how I can always stay at
home alone, I think within myself, ' O ! if
you knew the glorious company I have, you
would not say that I was alone ; for I am
never less alone, than when I have nobody
with me.'

" The night coming on, and every one going
to rest, I find rest only in the arms of Divine
Love: I sleep leaning on his holy breast, like
a child in his mother's bosom. I say, I go to
sleep, but am still busied about the love anc
praises of my God, till I fall quite asleep
Many times this love rouses up all my senses,
so that I cannot sleep the greatest part of
the night, but I spend it in the embraces of
the lovely grace of God, which never for-
sakes such a poor miserable creature as I am,
but preserves me, and takes special care of me.

" If in the night the evil spirits hover about,
to torment or to surprise me, (which often
happens) this Divine Love guards me, and
fights for me. Yea, it gives me grace too, to
resist them courageously, as if 1 were awake.
For they seldom continue long to assault me,
unless it be in my sleep.

" And this is the life I have led for these
twenty years past, without perceiving the
least change of that love which was poured
out into my heart, after my sincere conversion



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 122 of 154)