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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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unto him. Nay, I have observed its daily
increase, though every day it seemed impos-
sible to endure any addition to what I already
enjoyed. But truly, it is an infinite love,
which satisfies and nourishes me, so that
every day I have a new hunger, though me-
thinks I can receive no more, than what 1
possess already every moment."

The author of her life says, concerning the
manner of her expressions, that they were
always very modest, without any noise or
vehemence : her common discourses were
always holy and edifying; whereas others too
commonly mis-spend their time in useless con-
versation and unprofitable talk. If she was in
company where they talked of indifferent or
evil things, she had the faculty of giving
them such a handsome turn, as to bring them
quite off from that, to some good and useful

For a long while she could bear no other
discourse but of God and his holy Love. " I
cannot image," said she, " how a soul, cre-
ated for heaven, can be concerned about the
dross of this world." From that time, if she
happened to be in company, where the sub-
ject of the discourse was but indifferent,
either she did not mind it at all, entertaining
herself in the mean while with God ; or, as
soon as she thought it proper, she diverted

and changed the discouise; thinking it but
lost time, which was spent in the trifles of this

(To be concluded.)


Remember time is short — life altogether
uncertain, and that death is inevitable I The
time is approaching, when the sable mantle of
affliction will be cast over all the pomp of a
court ; the glitter of a ball, and the ludicrous
scenes of u comedy. The period — the awful
period — is hastening, when from life will be
exhausted all its balm, and from terrestrial
objects their power of pleasing ; when every
enjoyment will become insiped, except the
complacent notice of uncreated excellence,
the testimony of a good conscience, and the
assurance of a happy futurity ! — Devote then
your days, should they be few or many, to the
service of Him, who hath called us to glory
and virtue. Let not the enchanting scenes of
illusive pleasures, or the influence of bad ex-
ample, prevail on you to follow the heedless
multitude to do evil ; walk pensively with the
few on the side of virtue; acquit yourselves as
Christians, and the lot of your inheritance
will be with the just. For " verily there is a
reward for the righteous, verily there is a
God who judgeth in the earth." — Samuel


Written by Barnahy Nixon, a short time be-
fore his Death.

I now feel that the time is near at hand for
me to pass away from works, to the rewards
for the deeds of my life : yet I feel concerned
for my fellow-mortals, in beholding the la-
mentable stale of mankind; as Christ declared,
that but few were chosen, out of the many
which were called : " for wide is the gate and
broad is the way that leadeth to destruction,
and many there be which go in thereat. Be-
cause strait is the gate, and narrow is the
way which leadeth unto life, and few there be
that find it."

When I view the present generation, it is
lamentable that so few are walking in the nar-
row way of self-denial, that leads to life. And
when we consider the accounts we have re-
ceived of mankind, in former ages, from one
generation to another, it appears that very
many never would submit to the strait leadings
and judgments of Divine wisdom for them ;
but chose to gratify their carnal desires, and
not be under the Divine control. So, they
have taken liberties in the broad ways of this
world, to their own destruction. And some,
while they are taking liberties in follies and
dissipations, which they know are wrong, at
the same time, flatter themselves with trusting
in the mercies and favours of the Almighty :
that he will pardon all their sins, and not suf-
fer them to fall into eternal misery. But they
are despising his visitations of love ; and while
he is calling unto them, they will not adhere ;
hile he is stretching out his arms of fiivour,
all the day of their visitation, they will not
regard it, they refuse to walk in his judg-



menis; neitlier will they have any of his re-

iMan is left free, to choose for himself, good
or evil, and he hath the power of acting
therein. And then he must partake of the
fruits of his own labour. If men will be pur-
chased by Satan's temptations, and give them-
selves up to be the servants of sin ; pleading
for continuing in sin; saying that there is no
probability of overcoming the evil powers in
this world ; how can these expect to have any
ability to release themselves from those evil
powers under which they have suffered them-
selves to be bound.

For " The Friend."



A Minister of the Gospel in the Society of Friends.

When He who knew the prophet's misBion done,

Recalled from earth to heaven iiis chosen one,

And sent the chariot of redeeming Inve,

To bear hia spirit to the realms above,

I'^lisha saw the ticry steeds afar.

He saw his master in the flaming car.

But most of all, perchance, rejoiced to find

The mantle wliich Ehjah left behind.

And thus, departed saint, oh ! may it be

With those, who now are called to mourn for thee !

So may thy spirit on survivors rest ;

So may we bind thy mantle to our breast ;

So may we follow thee, as thou hast done

The precepts of the High, and Holy One !

Though dead, thy mem'ry in our hearts shall dwell.

And many a tongue shall of thy virtues tell.

Thy length of days, and usefulness, set forth, —

Thy public labours, and thy private worth.

How dear thou wert, to relatives and friends —

But to the church, oh ! who can make amends

For this bereavement !

'Tis not for me to breathe a requiem o'er thee.
Nor tell the world, how great the love I bore thee :
But when life's clicquer'd journey shall be past.
And evening's shadows close around me tiist.
Then, brightly may my setting sun decline.
And peaceful be my closing hour, like tiiine.
State of New York.

Effects of Salt upon Celery. — Some time
ago, we pointed out the beneficial etiects of
salt in growing asparagus. There is another
plant cultivated in gardens, which would be
greatly benefited if a little more salt were ad-
ded to its food — for I believe the manure
which it coinmonly receives, is as wairish to
its taste, as brose without salt to a Scotchman.
Celery is the plant I mean ; I recollect gath-
ering it in a wild state, some years ago, on
the north side of the Frith of Forth, in situ-
ations that would be watered by spring tides
— and I believe that it is commonly found,
both in England and Scotland, in ditches near
the sea. Tiiis season I gave a considerable
quantity of salt to a row of celery, by putting
it between the plants some time after they
were planted. I then watered them freely,
which carried the saline particles down to the
roots. This appears to have done the plants
much good, for they grew remarkably well
afterwards. From the report of the Covent
Garden market, some time ago, it appears
that celery this season has been rather shorter
than usual. Some of my plants to which salt
was applied, measured, by the middle of Sep-

tember, four feel in height, thirty inches of
which were well blanched. — Gardtner's Chro-

For " The Friend."

Between the Respective Meetings in Philadel-

The boundary between Philadelphia Month-
ly Meeting and the Northern District, to begin
at the Delaware; thence to run West along
the middle of Callowhill street to Fourth
street ; thence South along the middle of
Fourth street to Vine street ; thence West
along the middle of Vine street to Ninth

The boundary between the Northern and
Western Districts to commence at Ninth
street, and to run West along the middle of
Vine street to the termination of the District.

The boundary between Philadelphia Month-
ly Meeting and the Western District, to begin
at Vine street, running South along Ninth
street to Chesnut street, including both sides
of Ninth street within the limits of Philadel-
phia Monthly Meeting.

The boundary between Philadelphia Month-
ly Meeting and the Southern District, to begin
at the Delaware, running West along Walnut
street, including both sides thereof, within the
limits of the Southern District, to Si.xth street ;
North along the middle of Sixth street to
Chesnut street ; thence along the middle of
Chesnut street. West, to Ninth street.

The boundary between the Southern and
Western Districts, to commence at Chesnut
street, running South along Ninth street, and
including both sides thereofi within the South-
ern District, to Walnut street ; thence
along Walnut street to Eleventh street, both
sides of Walnut street being included within
the Southern District ; thence along Eleventh
street, South, both sides thereof being included
within the Southern District, to Spruce street ;
thence West along Spruce street, both sides
thereof being included within the Southern
District, to the termination of the District.

Acid Wood— its Effect on Salt and But-
ter. — It has been frequently remarked by those
who are in the habit of packing butter, that
that kept best put down in stone ; the next
best, in oak or white ash firkins, the wood of
which had been boiled several hours previous
to working, and that butter packed in firkins
of unprepared wood, frequently acquired a
strong and disagreeable flavour which seri-
ously injured its quality. The reason of this

has not been generally understood. Moir,

of Scotland, has been instituting a series of
experiments on the subject which appear to
have thrown some light on the matter. He
found that most kinds of wood contained con-
siderable quantities of pyrolignic acid, which
decomposes the salt with which it comes in
contact. The linden, or basswood, was the
only wood he found entirely free ; but the
other kinds he experimented upon were easily
freed from the acid by boiling three or four
hours, well pressed under water. It is evi-

dent, that firkins made of staves prepared in
this way, would be decidedly improved, and
as the preservation of butter in a sweet and
pure state is an important n>atter to the dairy-
man, we think much would be gained by a
proper attention to the vessels in which it in

The love of Nature, the taste for beauty,
is sedulously cultivated. Such a taste is de-
veloped spontaneously in but few. With the
greater part, it needs to be awakened and
refined. In the eager pursuit of the first ne-
cessaries of existence, this love or taste has
been neglected amongst us, yet it is precisely
one of those pleasures that suits the mass of
our people, for it is rational, most purifying in
its influences, and entirely free from expense.
Nature exhibits her pictures without money
and without price. Her show-rooms are every
where open, without respect to persons, sea-
sons, or hours. Every time and season has
its own peculiar beauties. From morning till
night, from the first burst of spring to the
close of winter, is but a succession of beauti-
ful changes. And we cannot neglect these
most refined intellectual pleasures, which
have been so lavishly provided for our use,
without ingratitude to the Creator who gave
thera. — Palmer^s Lecture.

Cultivation of Bees. — A Russian by the
name of Prokopovitsh, has acquired such a
reputation as an apiarian as to have enabled
liiin lo establish an extensive school for teach-
ing the art of managing bees.

His school and dwelling-house are situated
in the midst of a vast garden, in which are
found no less than twenty-eight hundred hives.
The number of his pupils is never under
eighty, who come from all parts of Russia,
and remain two years. His terms are very

In studying the nature and characteristics
of the queen, he made the discovery that she
always keeps upon the honey-comb, and
never creeps upon any other part of the hive.
This observation he has turned to advantage,
so as to make the bees assort and dispose
their honey in whatever manner he desires it
to be deposited.

Ploughing in Green Crops. — Living plants
contain in their substance not only all they
have drawn up from the soil, but also a great
part of what they have drawn down from the
air. Plough in these living plants, and you
necessarily add to the soil more than was
taken from it — in other words, you make it
richer in organic matter. Repeat the process
with a second crop, and it becomes richer
still — and it would be difficult to define the
limit beyond which the process could no fur-
ther be carried. — Johnston's Lectures on Ag-
ricultural Chemistry.

" See then that ye walk circumspectly, not
as fools, but as wise, redeeming the time, be-
cause the days are evil."



From the London Friend.

Whilst many speculaCive minds amongst
the different sects of professing Christians,
are busying themselves with inquiries and
imaginations respecting the time and manner
of the second coming of our Lord, and other
subjects of unfulfilled prophecy, it is quite
possible for them to lose sight of the plain
practical duty of all His servants, to be like
men that wait for their Lord, that when He
Cometh He may find them watching. And,
whilst the petition, " Thy kingdom come,"
may be often put up, and by some more fre-
quently than the returning day, it is equally
possible for those who use it, to be overlook-
ing or misunderstanding the real nature of this

The curious speculators into the time and
circumstances of the second Advent, would do
well to be warned by the inconsistent and
continually disappointed, though often plausi-
ble theories, on the subject, with which the
church has been inundated from age to age,
and more especially in modern times: but
there is one caution, which to the sincere dis-
ciple of our Lord and Saviour, must outweigh
every other — we mean the gentle reproof ad-
dressed by Christ himself, to a like disposi-
tion in his immediate followers. When they
inquired, " Lord wilt thou at this time, restore
again the kingdom to Israel," " It is not for
you," said He, " to know the times, or the
seasons, which the Father hath put in His
own power. But ye shall receive power after
that the Holy Ghost is come upon you : and
ye shall be witnesses unto me, both in Jeru-
salem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and
unto the uttermost part of the earth."

In proportion to the regret with which we
see the time and the strength of the Christian
wasted in these speculations, which have mani-
festly not profited those who have been exer-
cised therein, is the comfort and solid satis-
faction with which we behold, (and that,
sometimes, in quarters in which we should
least expect it,) the prevalence and increase
of correct views of the peaceable and spirit-
ual nature of the reign of Messiah. Soldiers
and marines laying down their arms, and en-
countering and submitting to imprisonment,
and other hardships; and officers, both mili-
tary and naval, throwing up their commis-
sions, rather than disobey the plain command
of Christ, to love our enemies. Beneficed
clergymen resigning their livings, rather than
uphold a state religion and receive a fixed
maintenance for preaching the gospel, these,
amidst much of an opposite character, are
truly encouraging signs of the times.

A striking instance of the progress of cor-
rect views of the nature of Christ's kingdom,
in influential quarters, occurs in the writings
of Whalely, the present Protestant Arch-
bishop of Dublin; who, notwithstanding that
he forms part of a religious system and es-
tablishment, largely partaking of a worldly
and temporal character, has recently present-
ed the Christian public with a volume,* a pro-

» The kingdom of Christ delineated, in Two Essays,

minent object of which is, to refute the va-
rious sophisms by which men have sought to
elude the force of our Saviour's own declara-
tion, that His kingdom is not of this world.
The staple of his argument, consists in a sim-
ple exposition of the words of our Lord and
his apostles, with an especial reference to that
sound rule of Biblical interpretation, that the
words of Scripture are to be presumed to have
been used in the sense in which they would be
understood by the generality of the persons to
whom they were addressed. He most tri-
umphantly shows that the spiritual, — the un.
secular character of Christ's kingdom is per.
petual, and not, as some have pretended, be.
longing to it in primitive days only, and to be
exchanged for a conditiim of temporal power
and glory, when the kingdoms of this world
should have become the kingdoms of the
Lord. We can hardly refrain from the
pleasure of transcribing one of the illustra-
tions with which he enlivens this portion of his

"It is recorded of an ancient king of Egypt
— one of the Ptolemies — that he employed a
celebrated architect to build a magnificent
lighthouse, for the benefit of shipping, and
ordered an inscription in honour of himself to
be engraved on it : the architect, it is said,
though inwardly coveting the honour of such
a record for himself, was obliged to comply;
but made the inscription on a plaster resemb-
ling stone, but of perishable substance : in the
course of years this crumbled away; and the
next generation saw another inscription, re-
cording the name, not of the king, but of the
architect, which had been secretly engraved
on the durable stone below.

" Now, just such a device as this is attri-
buted to our Lord and his apostles, by those
who believe them to have designed that secu-
lar power should hereafter be called in to en-
force the Christian Faith, though all such
designs were apjhirently disavowed, in order
to serve a present purpose. According to
such interpreters, ' My kingdom is not of this
world,' was only an inscription on the perish-
able plaster, the design of ' coercing and pun-
ishing' by secular power, all opponents of the
true faith, was, it seems, the engraving on the
stone beneath. ' Render unto Caesar the
things that be Caesar's,' was but the outward
part of the inscription ; the addition was an
inner hidden engraving, directing that Chris-
tians, when become strong enough, should
compel both Cassar and his subjects, — all
rulers and all citizens, either to acknowledge
the true faith, or to forfeit their civil rights.
It was the outside inscription only, that runs
thus, ' Submit yourselves to every ordinance
of man ; * * * the powers that
be are ordained of God ;' the secret charac-
ters on the stone said, ' Take care as soon as
possible to make every ordinance of man sub-
mit to yow, and to provide that none but those
of your own body shall be in authority ; and
that they shall use that authority in enforcing
the profession of your religion.' "

on our Lord's own account of His person, and of the
nature of His kingdom ; and on the constitution, pow-
ers, and ministry of a Christian church, as appointed liy

Another valuable feature of the archbish-
op's work is the contrast which he draws be-
tween the Mosaic Dispensation, consisting of
ordinances of worship accurately defined, and
to be strictly observed, and the freedom of the
gospel with its merely disciplinary arrange-
ments growing out of the power possessed by
a Christian church, under the authority of its
Divine Head to regulate its own concerns and
vary its rules, as the circumstances of the
case, and the good of the body may from time
to time require.

" No such thing," he observes, " is to be
found in our Scriptures as a catechism, a regu-
lar elementary introduction to the Christian
religion ; nor do they furnish us with any thing
of the nature of a systematic creed, set of
articles, confession of faith, or by whatever
other name one may designate a regular com-
plete compendium of Christian doctrines ; nor,
again, do they supply us with a liturgy for
ordinary public worship, or with forms for
administering the sacraments,or for conferring
holy orders ; nor, do they even give any pre-
cise directions as to these and other ecclesias-
tical matters, any thing that at all corresponds
to a rubric, or set of canons." We do not
mean to say that the archbishop objects to
these things, but still his admission is a very
important one.

Again, the explicit recognition, on the part
of the author, of the existence in the Apos-
tolic church of female, as well as male minis-
ters, affords an incidental, though very valu-
able confirmation, of the weight of Scriptural
evidence in favour of this striking feature of
the Christian profession of our religious Soci-
ety, and of the effect of this evidence on a
powerful and candid mind — overcoming, as it
must have done, his prejudices as a prime ru-
ler in a church which utterly excludes the
ministry of women.

Well would it be for the members, the
ministers, and the prelates of that church,
(though not for its wealth and possessions)
were the author's sound and Scriptural
views, and just principles of biblical exposi-
tion more prevalent amongst them. Were
these views and principles honestly adopted,
and fully carried out, to all their legitimate
consequences, they would, we believe, lead
much further than even the archbishop him-
self may at present be prepared to admit ; and
would go far to pull down that fabric of human
art, and spiritual domination which was reared
in the dark ages of the apostacy, and which
still constitutes a prominent part, not only of
the papal but of the anglican church.

Before taking our leave of the author, we
can hardly refrain from observing, that we
should have rejoiced to see in his work a
fiiller testimony to the great truth, that it is
by the immediate agency of the Holy Spirit,
that Christ still governs his own church, pro-
vides for her discipline, and gives life to her
services, chooses, prepares, and qualifies her
ministers, appoints them to their respective
duties, and guides them therein to His own
praise and the edification of the body in love.

The archbishop's argument shows that the
Christian church has not, like the Jewish
church, a system of ordinances and outward


institutions positively prescribed, and perma-
nently imposed by the Most High. But lie
does not, we think, with sufficient distinctness
point out that it is through the individual sub-
jection of her members, to the guidance of
the Spirit, that all things are to be done de-
cently and in order in tlie church, Jesus
Christ himself being the president of all her

The archbishop's principles effectually strip
the church of temporal power. His work
would have been more complete if he had
shown with greater plainness, that it is through
the immediate agency of the Spirit alone that
she can be clothed with spiritual strength and

We hail every indication which meets us of
the progress of correct views of the nature of
the Redeemer's kingdom : but much more
should we rejoice to think that the hearts of
the children of men were increasingly subject
to ihe government of Christ by his Spirit.

O ! that in this sense the kingdom of God
might come, and his will be done in earth as it
is in heaven !

May Ihe fervent prayer for this blessed
consummation take the place, in every mind,
of millenial speculations and minute criticisms
on unfulfilled prophecy. May this petition in
its practical fulness be the aspiration of all the
professed disciples of Christ for themselves
individually. Then would the eyes of their
understanding be opened to behold the mys-
teries of His kingdom; then would they know
of a truth that this kingdom is not meat and
drink, but righteousness, and peace, and joy
in the Holy Ghost; and being heirs of this
eternal kingdom, they would in the confidence
of faith leave it to Him who hath all power
in heaven and on earth, to " hasten in his own
time," and by his own means, the coming of
that day when the " kingdoms of this world
shall become the kingdoms of our Lord and of
his Christ."


A Testimony of the Quarterly Meeting of
Munster, concerning Sarak Grubb, de-

The remembrance of this our beloved
Friend is very precious to us, and we believe
the language may with propriety be adopted
respecting her, " Blessed are the dead which
die in the Lord." Although she was not a
member of this Quarterly Meeting during the

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 123 of 154)