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the effects of a false heart, if one should make
bold to quit his outward employment, in order
to gain more rest and quiet In another place.
God (says she) knows ways to find souls wher-
ever they be, if they do not wilfully shut their
hearts against him."

Because her love to God was so great and
fervent, the love she bore to her fellow-crea-
tures was also wonderfully influenced and in-
flamed thereby. When she considered the
woeful slate of the wicked, and the dreadful
judgment that is like to befall them at last, she
then felt a more tender and commiserating
love, and her very bowels began to yearn for
compassion. When she looked upon the happy
state she was arrived to, and the severe doom
attending such profligate wretches, she used
to say, " She seemed unto herself like one that
had been in a great storm at sea, and by stress
of weather, like to be cast away every minute;
but getting off at last safe and sound, remem-
bered now ashore the dangers his brethren
and near relations were still exposed to, being
tossed up and down in the huge ocean, and left
to the mercy of the roaring billows. Alas !
(said she) thus it is with me, when I lay to
heart the danger sinners run themselves Into.
For the more endearing marks of Divine
grace the Lord has been pleased to bestow
upon me, the more fervent is my desire,
that others also might partake of the same
with me."

And now, ye learned men, and refined wits
of the age, come hither and admire the igno-
rance and simplicity of this poorcounlry-mald !
Consider how far she exceeds your high flown
superficial wisdom, and the dark flashes of
human wit and learning? And was it possible
for her, to attain to this heavenly wisdom and
Divine knowledge, to such a nobleness and
elevation of mind, without the scraps and
assistance of artificial learning and philoso-
phy? Then truly, there must be another
school wherein those that flow unto the Lord
(Ps. xxxlv. .5,) are lighted. Indeed, to know
the love of Christ, passeth all knowledge,
(Eph. ill. 19.) Concerning which our Saviour
was pleased thus to express his grateful senti-
ments with hearty joy, and heavenly tri-
umph : "I thank thee, O Father! Lord of
heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these
things from the wise and prudent, and hast
revealed them unto babes. Even so. Father,
for so it seemed good in thy sight." (Matt. xi.
2.5, 26.)

AN ESSAY

On some of the Prominent Doctrines and Tes-
timonies of Friends.
It is, we trust, under a living concern for
the promotion of the cause of Truth, and the
preservation of our religious Society in its
ancient principles and testimonies, that we are



engaged to address our felhiw-members at this
time, and to ofli;r iheni the language of en-
couragement, in the words of one of the
Inspired apostles, to be " t'teiidfast, unmove-
able, always abounding in the work of the
Lord."

We believe we may often be profitably en-
gaged in recurring to the rise and progress of
our religious Society, and to the profession
and practice of those who were led to embrace
the doctrines that have continued, from their
day to the present time, to distinguish us as a
distinct religious |>eople ; and we trust that we
are prepared with feelings of reverence to
acknowledge, that It was through the illumi-
nation and power of the Spirit of the Lord
that our forefathers were enabled to discover
the corruptions that had gained access into the
professing church, and were brought into a
stale of primitive purity, consistent, as we
believe, with the spirituality of that dispensa-
tion Introduced by our blessed Redeemer, and
embraced and promulgated by his disciples
and early followers.

In the dispensations and direction of the
Great Head of the church, very solemn and
ln)portanl are the responsibilities that devolve
upon us ill the profession and support of those
principles and testimonies which had their ori-
gin in the unchangeable truth; and it is only
as we are concerned to be found faithful in
maintaining them, with uncompromising in-
tegrity and singleness of heart, that we may
expect the blessing of the Most High to rest
upon us.

We shall find, in the history of our Soci-
ety, that it was the care of early Friends to
bear before the world a full and explicit decla-
ration of their faith and belief in the great and
all-important truths which are the foundation
of the Christian's hope; and, we believe, we
may profitably revive the clear and emphatic
testimony borne by George Fox in his memo-
rable Epistle to I he governor and council of
Barbadoes, viz. : —

" Whereas many scandalous lies and slanders
have been cast upon us, to render us odious ;
as that we deny God, Christ Jesus, and the
Scriptures of truth, &c., — this is to inform
you that all our books and declarations, which
for these many years have been published to
the world, clearly testify the contrary. Yet,
for your satisfaction, we now plainly and sin-
cerely declare, that we own and believe In the
only wise, omnipotent, and everlasting God,
the Creator of all things in heaven and earth,
and the Preserver of all that he hath made;
who is God over all, blessed forever; to whom
be all honour, glory, dominion, praise, and
thanksgiving, bolh now and forevermore; —
and we own and believe in Jesus Christ, his
beloved and only-begotten Son, in whom he is
well pleased ; who was conceived of the Holy
Ghost, and born of the Virgin Mary ; in whom
we have redemption through his blood, even
the forgiveness of sins ; who is the express
Image of the invisible God, the first-born of
every creature ; by whom were all things
created that are in heaven and in earth, visi-
ble and invisible, whether they be thrones,
dominions, principalities, or powers ; all things
were created by him. And we own and



believe that lie war! made a sacrifice for sin
who knew no sin, neither was guile found in
his mouth ; that he was crucified for us in the
flesh, without the gates of Jerusalem ; and
that he was buried, and rose again the third
day, by the power of his Father, for our jus-
tification ; and that he ascended up into hea-
ven, and now silteth at the right hand of God.
This Jesus, who was the foundation of the
holy prophets and apostles, is our foundation ;
and we believe there is no other foundation to
be laid, than that which is laid, even Christ
Jesus ; who tasted death for every man, shed
his blood for all men, is the propitiation for
our sins, and not for ours only, but also for
the sins of the whole world ; according as
John the Baptist testified of him when he said,
' Behold the Lamb of God, that taketh away
the sin of the world.' John i. 29. We be-
lieve that he alone is our Redeemer and Sa-
viour, the Captain of our Salvation, who saves
us from sin as well as from hell and the wrath
to come, and destroys the devil and his works :
he is the seed of the woman that bruises the
serpent's head, to wit, Christ Jesus, the Alpha
and Omega, the first and the last. He is (as
the Scripturesof truth say of him) our wisdom,
righteousness, justification, and redemption ;
neither is there salvation in any other ; for
there is no other name under heaven, given
among men, whereby we may be saved. He
alone is the Shepherd and Bishop of our souls ;
he is our Prophet, whom Moses long since
testified of, saying, ' A Prophet shall the Lord
your God raise up unto you of your brethren,
like unto me ; him shall ye hear in all things,
whatsoever he shall say unto you ; and it shall
come to pass that every soul that will not hear
that Prophet shall be destroyed from among
the people.' Acts iii. 22, '^JS. He is now come
in Spirit, and hath given us an understanding,
that we know him that is true. He rules in
our hearts by his law of love and life, and
makes us free from the law of sin and death.
We have no life hut by him ; for he is tiie
quickening Spirit, the second Adam, the Lord
from heaven, by whose blood we are cleansed,
and our consciences sprinkled from dead
works to serve the living God. He is our
Mediator, who makes peace and reconciliation
between God offended and us offending ; he
being the oath of God, the new covenant of
light, life, grace, and peace, the Author and
Finisher of our faith. This Lord Jesus
Christ, the heavenly man, the Emanuel, God
with us, we all own and believe in ; he whom
the High Priest raged against, and said he had
spoken blasphemy ; whom the priests and
elders of the Jews took counsel together
against, and put to death; the same whom
Judas betrayed for thirty pieces of silver,
which the priests gave him as a reward for
his treason ; who also gave large money to the
soldiers to broach a horrible lie, namely,
' That his disciples came and stole him away
by night while they slept.' After he was
risen from the dead, the history of the Acts of
the Apostles sets forth how the chief priests
and elders persecuted the disciples of this
Jesus, for preaching Christ and his resurrec-
tion. This, we say, is that Lord Jesus Christ,
whom we own to be our life and salvation."



THE FRIBND.

" Concerning the Holy Scriptures, we be
iieve they were given forth by the Holy Spirit
of God, through the holy men of God, who (as
the Scripture itself declares, 2 Peter i. 21)
' spake as they were moved by the Holy
Ghost.' We believe they are to be read, be
lieved, and fulfilled, (he that fulfils Ihem is
Christ,) and they are ' profitable for reproof,
for correction, and for instruction in righteous-
ness, that the man of God may be perfect, tho-
roughly furnished unto all good works,' (2
Timothy iii. 16, 17,) 'and are able to make
wise unto salvation, through faith which is in
Christ Jesus.' (ib. 15.) We believe the Holy
Scriptures are the words of God ; for it is said
in Exodus xx. 1, ' God spake all these words,
saying,' &c., meaning the ten commandments
given forth on Mount Sinai. And in Revela-
tions xxii. 18, saith John, ' 1 testify to every
man that heareth the words of the prophecy
of this book, if any man addeth unto them,'
' and if any man shall take away from the
words of the book of this prophecy,' [not the
word,] &c. So in Luke i. 20, ' Because thou
believest not my words.' And in John v. 47,
and XV. 7, and xiv. 23, and xii. 47. So that
we call the Holy Scriptures, as Christ, the
apostles, and holy men of God called them,
viz., the words of God." — George Fox's Jour-
nal, vol. ii.

To these great and fundamental doctrines of
the gospel our forefathers were thus prompt
in rendering their unequivocal assent, and in
declaring their humble and devoted failh in
them ; but they clearly saw that, unless tiie
heart believeth unto righteousness, the mouth
cannot make confession unto salvation. They
felt that there was a danger of so resting on
the outward as to neglect that inward and spi-
ritual work which every heart must come to
witness in that regeneration without which
" no man can enter into the kingdom of God."
And among the views which distinguished
them from other professors of their time,
were those in relation to the perceptible, im-
mediate teaching of the Holy Spirit, and the
spirituality of Divine worship. They saw that
under the gospel was verified the fulfilment of
ancient prophecy: — " After those days, saith
the Lord, I will put my law in their inward
parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be
their God, and they shall be my people. And
they shall teach no more every man his neigh-
bour, and every man his brother, saying,
Know the Lord ; for they shall all know me,
from the least of them unto the greatest of
them." They faithfully received this decla-
ration of our Lord to his disciples — " These
things have I spoken unto you, being yet
present with you ; but the Comforter, which
is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send
in my name, he shall teach you all things, and
bring all things to your remembrance what-
soever I have said unto you." And they felt
that it was only under this teaching and power
that we could know our several and distinct
duties, and receive ability to discharge them ;
and they abundantly found in their own expe-
rience, that, in seeking this holy help and
guidance, they were not following a cunning-
ly-devised fable, but were resting on living,
substantial truth.



343

" Being fully persuaded that man, without
the spirit of Christ inwardly revealed, can do'
nothing to the glory of God, or to effect his
own salvation, they believed that its Divine
influence is essentially necessary to the per-
formance of the highest act of which the hu-
man mind is capable, even the worship of
Almighty God, in spirit and in truth." They
practically received the plain declaration made
by our Saviour to the woman of Samaria at
Jacob's well, as to its nature and the mode of
its performance, and were brought to see and
feel that true and acceptable worship depended
not on any human ministration, or in the utter-
ing of any form of words, but in that deep, spi-
ritual communion in which we are permitted
to draw near unto our Father in heaven, and
to experience his holy arising in our hearts.
Hence they met together, and sought to know,
their spirits reverently turned unto the Father
of spirits, without depending one upon another
for the discharge of this solemn duty ; and
were often, even amidst much outward perse-
cution, refreshed and comforted together by
the visitations of his love, in the overflowing
of which it was witnessed to extend as from
vessel to vessel.

In close and necessary connection with this
view of the performance of Divine worship
was that which they took of the nature of gos-
pel ministry, and of the indispensable qualifi-
cation for its right exercise. They believed
it to be the sole prerogative of the Great Head
of the church to call whomsoever he pleases
into his own service, and that directly from
him alone can ability be received for the dis-
charge of this high calling to the honour of his
cause or the benefit of man. They saw that
it is not by any education for the ministry that
one can receive fi-om another; not by any
human attainment or learning; not by any
mere intellectual powers of the natural man;
but by the immediate influence of his own Holy
Spirit upon his servants and handmaidens, that
they become qualified acceptably to speak in
his name ; and that this preparation is to be
renewedly witnessed on every occasion, in
order for a right exercise of this gift that
Cometh from him ; and that as this is humbly
waited for and known from season to season,
his instruments are enabled to speak to the
states of the people, and to receive and hand
forth that bread which the Master is pleased
to bless and to break.

And also in the solemn duty of prayer they
felt the full force of that declaration of Holy
Writ, that we know not what to pray for as
we ought, but the Spirit helpeth our infirmi-
ies, making intercessions for us with groan-
ings that cannot be uttered ; and they dared
not appear in prayer before Him " who is glo-
rious in holiness, fearful in praises," except
under deep and reverential awe, and as they
were moved thereto and directed therein by
the immediate influence and assistance of the
Holy Ghost.

They saw, too, that there were many cere-
monies under the law, some of which were
practised in the infant state of the church,
which were not of perpetual obligation, and
in which it was to be feared those that ob-
served them might place dependence, and not



i



344 _____^

come to know the inward work which alone is
saving. Among ihese were bajjlifm by water,
and the supper of bread and wine ; both o(
which, Friends believed, were but types of
that baptism of the Holy Ghost and of fire,
and of that spiritual communion with Christ,
which all experience and are favoured to be
participants of, who, through the efficacy of
liis power, know old things to be done away,
and all to become new, and all of him. They
received the declaration of the apostle, that
the one saving baptism is " not the putting
away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer
of a good conscience towards God, by the re-
surrection of Jesus Christ;" which answer
only is to be known by the cleansing operations
of 'the Holy Spirit in the heart, bringing it
into conformity to the Divine will. They be-
lieved the true supper that nourisheth unto life
is an inward and spiritual partaking of the
body and blood of Christ, the practical etfecls
of which are set forth by our blessed Lord :
" He that eatelh my flesh and drinketh my
blood dwelleth in me and I in him."

They bore a faithful testimony against all
wars and fightings, as inconsistent with the
precepts of Christ and his apostles, and with
the nature of his reign whose birth was an-
nounced by the angelic anthem, " Glory to
God in the highest, and on earth peace, good
will toward men," — and also against the taking
of oaths, as being plainly prohibited under
the gospel. Nor were they less scrupulous in
the observance of that simplicity of attire and
plainness of speech which so clearly become
the followers of Him who wore a seamless
garment, and was meek and lowly of heart ;
and thus they exhibited to the world an up-
right and consistent testimony against its
changing fashions and vanities.

These have ever been among the prominent
doctrines and testimonies of our religious So-
ciety. We declare, as we have often hereto-
fore done, our full and heartfelt belief in them,
our continued and unwavering adherence to
them ; but we do not deem it necessary, in
addressing our fellow-members at this time,
to set forth at length the clear and convincing
reasons which brought our forefathers into the
observance of these practices, or at all to
dwell on the evidences which were given
them, that the doctrines that they had receiv-
ed, and were concerned to maintain, were
none other than the truth as it is in Jesus.
We fervently desire that all our members may
be fullv convinced of this ; that all may feel
the excellency of the doctrines and testimo-
nies of Friends, and be concerned to be found
faithful in supporting them even as they were
held and sustained by our forefathers. We
exhort our dear Friends not to seek after or to
adopt any change, however plausible it may
appear, or from whatever source it may come.
The truth is the same yesterday, to-day, and
forever; and as we believe George Fox, and
those in unity with him, were enabled, by the
inshinings of the true Light, to perceive it, and
were favoured with holy help to embrace it,
so all those who are truly members of the
body will feel that it is their duly to maintain
the same views — to walk by the same rule,
and mind the same thing. May we, beloved



TUB FRIEN1>.



Friends, be ready, at all times, to confess to]
this faith once delivered to the saints, as pro- j
fessed by our forefathers. May we be not '
only satisfied with our simple mode of wor-
ship, but count it our privilege thus to wor-
ship the God of our fathers. May none desire
the introduction of any of those formalities,
from which our early Friends became freed,
and on account of which they sufltjred much
persecution. May none seek for a ministry
which depends in any degree upon human
acquirements, or that springs from any other
source than the immediate teaching and
anointing of the Holy Ghost.

Among the numerous devices of our un-
wearied adversary to divide and scatter among
us, is the introduction of unfounded suspicions
and unjust apprehensions, in relation to each
other, producing an estrangement of feeling
towards the brethren, and a want of that love
by which our Lord declared his disciples were
to be known. May we, dear Friends, watch
unto prayer, that we be not taken by this wile
of the enemy, and thus separated from that
fellowship, which, as members of the body,
we are permitted to be partakers of in him
who is our Holy Head.

It was, we firmly believe, under the imme-
diate influence and direction of the Head of
the church, that the discipline was introduced
into it ; and we are fully sensible that the pre-
servation and prosperity of our religious Soci-
ety very much depend upon the maintenance
of this discipline in the authority that the
truth gives. But very great would be the
error, if any should admit in their minds the
conclusion, that all who are members have
equal weight in the decisions of the church ;
for they only are qualified to diiect in the
affairs of truth, who know something of the
puttings forth of the heavenly Shepherd, and
are enabled to distinguish between his voice
and the voice of the stranger. It is for these,
" in the spirit of meekness and wisdom, with-
out partiality or unnecessary delay," to carry
into etfect the provisions of that discipline,
which in best wisdom has been established
amongst us; and none, whatever may be their
age or station, are to be exempted from its
impartial exercise, or freed from its whole-
some restraints. Very pertinent is the ex-
hortation of our worthy elder brother, George
Fox, on this point: " Friends, live in the
power of the Lord God, and in his truth, light,
and life, that by it you may all, with one heart
and mind, keep dominion and do true judgment
and justice, truth and righteousness, in all
your men and women's meetings, without
favour or affection to relations, kindred, or
acquaintances, or any respect of persons." —
" For the power of God, his light and truth,
respects not any, but justice, truth, righteous-
ness, and equity." — " Let all your meetings
be preserved by the wisdom of God, in the
unity of the Spirit, the bond of peace, and in
the fellowship of the Holy Ghost; that, being
ordered by the pure, gentle, heavenly, peace-
able wisdom, easy to be entreated, they may
be holy and virtuous examples to all others."

As it is our living engagement to seek after
this pure wisdom; as we are concerned to be
found faithful in our allotted stations in the



church ; as our hearts are kept single unio
our heavenly Leader ; as we seek, in sinceri-
ty, to know and obey the inward revelations
of his holy will, — we are persuaded we shall
feel a sweet and cementing unity one with
another, and shall experience, individually and
collectively, the blessing ol' preservation.

Signed, by direction and on behalf of the
Yearly Meeting of Friends for New England,
held on Rhode Island, from the eleventh to the
seventeenth, inclusive, of the Sixth month,
1843, by

Abraham Shearman, Jun., Clerk.
Hannah Goi'ld, Jun.,

Clerk of the Women's Meeting.



From the London Youth's MagaziD
ON THE FLOWEKS.

BEUOTROFE.

I turn, rrom morning until night,

Toward llic orb ol dijy ;
And bless liim lor his glorious light.

Will) veslal lire my fbce he warms,
And makes il blush with golden charms.



I love lone solitude's retreat,

With innocence retired ;
And care not, if iny smell be sweet,

How liule I'm admired.
Let gayer flowers lljeir charms parade,
I um content bcnei-th the shade.



Thnu lovely maid, as while as snow.

Of women the most fiiir,
The brightest beauly here below —

Canst thuu with nic compare?
Ah! no: though white may be thy skio
Thou art not pure, but stained with sin.



Like me, the sainttd Christian dicD,
When death's cold wind arrives;

But though beneath the ground he lies,
His fragrance still survives.

Like me, again, he'll quit the tomb,

And flourish in immortal bloom.



Not one alike, yet we agree,
V\ hile man, lor the same cause,

His brother hutcs: how strange ths
.*hould thus break nature's laws.

Nature ordains all strife to cease.

And men, like us, to live in peace.

pnrsiRpsE.

All nature hails my early birth,
Assured, when 1 appear.

That spring is come, to bless the ct
And nurse ihe infant year.

I live, I die; my charins decay.

And Ihus doth beauty pass away.



Of humble birth, I'm with the poor,

To Providenee resigned;
But He that formed the fairest flower

Is not to me less kind.
E'en I in robes more beautiful am clad,
Than Solomon in all his glory had.



PRINTED BY JOSEPH St, WILLIAM KITE,
Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



VOIh XVI.



SEVSNTH-DAT, SEVENTH XMCONTB, 29, 1843.



xro. 44.



EDITED BY KOBERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

Priet two doUat» per annum, payable in advance.

Subscriptions and Payments received by

GEORGE W. TAYLOR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOORTH STREET, HP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



The Asphaltum or Pitch Lake of Trinidad.
*****
We had landed at the village of La Brea,
which together with the point is so called,
from the circumstance of the lake being in Its



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 127 of 154)