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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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or thick silk. Even the rein-deer seeks the
forest to protect himself from the intensity of
the cold; in the tundras, where there is no
shelter to be found, the whole herd crowd
together as close as possible to gain a little
warmth from each other, and may be seen
standing in this way quite motionless. Only
the dark bird of winter, the raven, still cleaves
the icy air with slow and heavy wing, leaving
behind him a long line of thin vapour, mark-
ing the track of his solitary flight. The influ-
ence of the cold extends even to inanimate
nature ; the thickest trunks of trees are rent
asunder with a loud sound, which, in these
deserts, falls on the ear like a signal shot
at sea ; large masses of rock are torn from
their ancient sites; the ground in the tundras
and the rocky valleys, cracks, and forms wide
yawning fissures, from which the waters
which were beneath the surface rise, giving
ofl" a cloud of vapour, and become immedi-
ately changed into ice. The effect of this
degree of cold extends even beyond the
earth ; the beauty of the deep blue polar
sky, so often and so justly praised, disap-
pears in the dense atmosphere which the
intensity of the cold produces; the stars still
glisten in the firmament, but their brilliancy
is dimmed.

Ibid.

" Let not the gaiety of your house laugh at
the plainness of your person."



348



THE FKIEND.



Sclecled for " The Friend."

SUNLIGHT.

It was a saying of Hcrnclitus, Ihat " neither moon-licht, star-
light, nor candleliglit, can make a day. if the suii be want-
ing ; and that they are all drowned and disappear when the
sun is up with his greater glory."

It was the still and quiit midnight hour,

The spangled sky with counlless stars was bright,
The moon shone beamingly o'er dome and bow'r.

And, liy the guidance of her silver light,
I mark'd the village spire, the distant sea.
The leafy copse, the spreading hawthorn tree;
Each well-known scene slood forth upon my way
Bathed in rich radiance — yet it was not day.
Awhile I tarried at a lordly hall —

Mirrors gave back the clear and lustrous gleam
Of rainbow-coloured lamps, and o'er the wall

Gay garlands hung, from whence the taper's beam
Sent forth its flashes — torches shed their rays
Without the windows, and the sparkling blaze
Caused the exhausted eye to turn away
In weary languor — yet it was not day.
Again I journey'd on my road, and still

The moon and stars their throne of brightness kept.
Clothing in light the valley and the hill ;

Yet nature deeply and securely slept—
Within the pastures, flocks and herds repos'd,
The leaves of weary flowers were softly clos'd.
The song-birds pour'd not from the blossom'd spray
Their joyous notes — they knew it was not day.
Anon, the moon and stars their light withdrew.

And in Ihe east the glorious sun appeared ;
Then, to the glad and welcome summons true.

Creation burst to life, revived and cheered
By the benign effulgence — then was heard
From wood and grove the carol of the bird.
And vale and mead with varied flowers were gay,
Greeting the light ; they knew that it was day.
Thus, Jesus, when Thy presence is denied.

We move in seeming light, but real gloom ;
Reason and truth apparently may guide

Our steps, and genius may our way illume—
Strict ordinances, hallow'd moral lies.
Prayer, meditation, bounteous charities ;
These to the world stand forth in bright array,
Yet Christ is wanting, and it is not day.
But when His blessed dawn begins to shine.

All lesser lights are faded and dispell'd,
The glad believer owns the gift divine,

Perchance to prove his faith awhile withheld :
Jesus, beloved Sun of Righteousness,
Come in Thy glory, come my soul to bless —
I ask no fainter beam, no feebler ray —
Without Thy light my spirit knows not day !



SINGULAR SCENERY.

On arriving at this edge, I witnessed a
most curious and extraordinary siglit : in the
several valleys spread out beneath our feet,
towards the east and north-east, many thou-
sand conical hills, or rather pointed pinnacles,
varying in height from 50 to 200 feet, rose up
in all directions, so closoiy arranged that their
bases touched each other, leaving only a nar-
row path between them, and presenting a
most strange and inexplicable phenomenon.
In many places they were so slender and close
together, that they resembled a forest of
cedars, or lofty fir-trees. As we descended
through the village, and wound round the base
of the lofty rock, above mentioned, on our left,
its side.s were literally covered with caves,
some of which, from the front wall having
fallen away, presented vast apartments sup-
ported by columns; on our right was an insu-
lated pinnacle, rising up in the centre of the
village, to a height of more than 200 feet,
excavated on all sides, and oiToring many win-
dows and openings even near the very summit,



an approach to which appears impossible, ex-
cept by an internal staircase cut in the rock
itself. Beyond this valley several table-lands
of the same rock appeared to the east, north-
east, and south-east, being portions of that
from which we had just descended, and with
which they must have been continuous, before
the valleys were hollowed out, and the pumi-
ceous tuff had assumed its present singular
state. The peculiar nature of the several
beds of which it consists has of course had
some influence in modifying their subsequent
forms. In the upper portion are several bands
of hard stone, which have preserved the hori-
zontalily of the table-lands ; the middle beds,
some of which are slightly tinged with red,
are worn by weathering and running streams
into these pointed cones, while the lower beds
are still softer, and wear away with a more
rounded form. As our road led down a nar- 1
row ridge from the village and across the val-
ley, I was .struck with the fertility of the gar-
dens and orchards on this dry soil. But the |
apricot was almost the only tree in abundance, i
producing fruit of an excellent flavour, and I
should think indigenous to the country. But
much as I have been struck with the appear-
ance of this valley at a distance, I was still
more surprised at finding that almost every
one of the conical hills was excavated inside ;
in most cases this had been done in very an-
cient times. Some, which were most elabo-
rately worked, appeared to be tombs. I enter-
ed one which had an arched or rounded
door-way leading into a small vestibule; this
communicated with a large apartment, the
floor of which was cut into graves, long since
opened. Another was excavated so as to re-
present the portico of a Doric temple. Cross-
ing the valley, we observed a village called
Matyas, built amongst these conical hills, the
caves of which served as dwellings; in other
places the grottoes are excavated in the steep
sides of the cliffs, or extend from the conical
hills into the ground beyond : in short, no
description can convey a sufficient idea of the
variety and novel appearance of this extraor-
dinary tract of country. The most dilficult
questions connected with these places are to
ascertain the uses for which they were intend-
ed, and the people by whom they were made.
Some appeared to have been intended for
tombs, while others must have been dwelling-
places ; others, again, from the paintings
with which they ate adorned, have evidently
served as chapels. In the present day, many
are used as dovecotes, and we saw pigeons
flying out of the upper openings, to which
there appeared to be no external means of
approach ; though even these were decorated
with red paint, and many Greek letters were
inscribed on the outer surface of the rock
round the openings. This singular formation
existed not only in the large valley which we
crossed, but in all the smaller ones which
opened into it. — Hamilton's Asia Minor.



Menial Recreation in the Treatment of In-
sanity.
Dr. Webster in his treatise on mental dis-
eases, cites the following case in illustration



of the benefits to be derived from a consider-
able application of the occupying and recre-
ative principle : —

As an instance of the advantages arising
from mental recreation in the treatment of
insanity, I think it will be gralifying to allude
in this place to a case which I saw at Bicelre.
This Individual having shown an inclination
for drawing, he was supplied with all the ma-
terials necessary for such an employment. At
first, he was so apathetic that he would scarce-
ly do any thing ; however, he soon not only
amused himself with niaking sketches and
copying drawings, but he also began to give
lessons to other patients with advantage both
to himself and to his pupils. Some of the
drawings made by this patient were pointed
out, which were exceedingly well executed.
It was indeed truly delightful to see this poor
lunatic amusing himself In tiie cultivation of
almost the only talent still left him amidst the
wreck of nearly all his other mental facul-
ties; and to know that he was induced by
kindness, and the exhortations of those placed
over him, to attempt to instruct other insane
patients, who had a similar taste with himself.
This case is an excellent example not only of
the advantages of engaging the lunatic in some
occupation congenial to his habits or disposi-
tion, but likewise of employing the particular
talent of an individual patient in the teaching
of others ; for if this principle were as fully
carried out as it ought to be in insane asy-
lums, the beneficial results accruing to all
parties, would be so much the more marked
and extensive. This system of mutual instruc-
tion is most useful, and it might be more gene-
rally adopted than at present without much
difficulty, and would be followed by very great
advantages.

11A1CHING APPARATUS.

They have a machine for hatching eggs
now actually in tise in London, bringing out
the little chickens in broods of fifties and
hundreds, with all the punctuality of an old
hen. The following is the advertisement of
the machine in the London papers : —

" Hatching Apparatus. — Reduced prices
(from eight to sixteen guineas). Todd & Son,
of Bury street, Bloomsbury, beg to call the
attention of the public to their portable Patent
Hatching and Rearing Apparatus^ being the
original manufacturers. This successful in-
vention is capable of hatching, at a trifling
expense, any number of game and poultry
eggs of all sorts, from fifty to two hundred,
at one time, and possesses the further re-
commendation of rearing the young birds at
all seasons, and of furnishing poultry for the
table at a trifling cost at all periods of the
year. For further particulars apply to the
manufacturers. A machine may be seen in
use daily."

NOTICE.

A stated meeting of the " Female Branch"
of the Auxiliary Bible Association of Friends
in Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting, will be
held on the 3d proximo, at 4 o'clock, p. m., in
the Committee-room, at the Bible Depository.



For ■•The Friend."
SCRAPS FROM MY PORTFOLIO.

Our solicitude may be calmed, — the troubled
waters of soul-distress settled, — the fallow
ground, even after ploughing, and being pre-
pared for the good seed, grow again without
any advantage to us; or without its being the
fruit of that grace, which heals by purifying
the heart ; that grace which, according to
the measure of the gift of Christ, is given unto
every man to profit withal. Such evidence
their emptiness and want, by unsettleinent and
great uneasiness of mind. Interest tiiem-
selves, tale-bearingly and unbecomingly, in the
ailairs, sayings, and doings of others ; and are
apt to like weddings and gossip. They give
way to sensations and sensualities that may
soothe or divert them. The " Lorenzo's" of
their age, " themselves most insupportable."
Having lost sight of the standard, or given up
its pursuit, or becoming leagued with tiie ene-
my, and weakened by sin, they cease to regard
it, and give way to indolence, looseness, and a
mere wordy religion, which while it fills the
mouth, leaves the heart as empty of life as a
whited sepulchre. The bowers of ease have
caused the heart to soften, and vigilance to
subside. Temptation succeeds temptation ;
remorse dies after remorse ; till, swallowed up
in the abyss of confusion and darkness, they
become the most wretched of the sons of
wretchedness. Lost and estranged from the
Father's house, a horrible vacuity is felt,
which craves and fills itself with the husks of
the swine to gratify or palliate their famished
natures. " 1 counsel thee to buy of me gold
tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich ;
and white raiment, that thou mayest be cloth-
ed, and the shame of thy nakedness do not
appear; and anoint thine eyes with eye-salve,
that thou mayest see." Rev. iii. 18. * * *

The human mind must have something to
attract, employ, and interest its strength and
efforts. Hence arises the varied inclinations,
dissipations and fleshly lusts we see so multi-
plied aiound us; all 'seeking their gain from
their quarter.' The entirely destitute and
debauched, find their gratification in things
only sensual. And so the graduated sea



THE FRIEND.

directed through the sanctifying influence of
the Holy Spirit to worthy and noble objects.
Such as tend to nourish the spiritual and es-
sential part of us, and would prove worthy
food for the entertainment and gratification of
immortal spirits. Remembering (Phill. ii. 5)
we are to cultivate the same mind in us, which
was also in Christ Jesus. And that to those
who understand the nearness and importance
of an eternal state, the highest improvements
of unsanctified reason afl^ord little more enter-
tainment than the trivial sports of children,
or the more wretched amusement of lunatics.

It is said that Cesar was so much the idol
of his troops, that in any important conjunc-
ture, his lieutenant could say nothing more
impressive than, " Soldiers, imagine that
Cesar beholds you I" Now, we are likewise
soldiers, in pursuit of an incorruptible crown,
under a Prince and Captain, the Lamb who
was slain from the foundation of the world ;
who is the giver of every good and perfect
gift, even of eternal life ; — the end of the race
and the warfare. Who, infinite pre-emi-
nence, not only can kill the body, but hath
power also to cast it into hell. Who, omnis-
ciently mighty, always beholds vs. How
valiant should we be then under the banner
of His cross, fighting as with our lives in our
hands, the good fight of faith, that we may
receive the everlasting crown. " Thou hath
given a banner to them that fear thee, that it
may be displayed because of the truth."
Such are not their own; and, if faithful, they
would not feel their own, but His, in life or
in death, who died for them. They would
count nothing too dear, that they might work
His work, and fulfil his will who sent them ;
— promote his glory; — save their own souls;
— and finish their course with joy.

We may resist the oflrers of Divine mercy
and heavenly extensions of love to our souls;
we may resist the cross, and thus deny Christ
in his small yet living appearances in the
heart. But such will one day find that they
have therein rejected the Just One ; and



3i9

Christ; and being placed on one hand or the
other, receive sentence — the eternal and irre-
vocable sentence — for the deeds done in the
body. Seeing then these things, what manner
of persons ought ye to be in all holy conver-
sation and godliness? (2 Pet. iii. 2.) And how
needful the exhortation : " As ye have there-
fore received Christ Jesus the Lord, (if ye
have received him,) so walk ye in him : rooted
and built up in him, and established in the
faith ; abounding therein with thanksgiving.
(Colos. ii. 6.) For we are his workmanship,
created in Christ Jesus unto good works,
which God hath before ordained that we
should walk in them. (Ephes. ii. 10.) Let us
then walk worthy of the vocation wherewith
we are called, being diligent that we may
make our calling and election sure; and ^riece
not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby yt are
sealed vnto the day of redemption.'" (Ephes.



extends upwards to lovers of conversation for lawfully, because perhaps wilfully, exposed
its own sake; — readers of newspapers for [ themselves to the sentence, " They that resist



novelty and pastime ; — indulgence of appe-
tite to fill the craving void ; — visiting, music,
&c., &c., " to palliate dullness and give time
a shove." Ah! miserable voluptuists these.
Blind, and in love with darkness, or knowing
not to escape from its slavery. Lukewarm
Christians, who should remember Laodicea's
curse. These know not, or come not to the
only true, restoring, and saving panacea ; — to
the only soul-sustaining and heart-fortifying
principle of universal reference, viz., the
love of God, and the consolations of his Spi-
rit, revealed in the heart ; the mystery, — that
holy mystery, — of Christ within, the hope,
the only hope, of glory, which satisfieth the
hungry soul, and leadeth the living by a way
that they know not ; even by a life of faith,
out of all error into all truth.

These desires and cravings are no doubt
given to us for, and may be instrumental to,
the best purposes. But then they must be



sliall receive to themselves damnation." For
He who died for our sakes, shed his atoning
blood to purchase this holy, inward, and spi-
ritual Convincer, Witness, and Comforter,
which is the instituted way into "all truth,"
must needs look for a faithful co-operation on
our part, in order to inherit glory, instead of
this inconceivable coldness, ingratitude, and
want of love and zeal ; this devotion of time
and talents to other things; this trying to
serve two masters ; this crucifying afresh the
son of God, rejecting, and putting him to open
shame. Shutting up our hearts, and refusing
him entrance ; or like a sandy desert, drinking
in the rain that falleth oft upon it, bringing
forth no fruit to the praise of His grace, but
is nigh unto cursing ; whose end is to be burn-
ed. If the Scriptures are true, there is a day
approaching when God shall judge the world:
(Acts xvii. 31 ;) when leaving all things here,
we must appear before the judgment seat of



From the London Friend.

Heathen Names of the Bays and Months.

Dear Friends, — If the subjoined letter is
thought suitable for publication in The
Friend, you are at liberty to make that use
of it.

It was written, as you will observe by the
date, more than half a century ago, and is
interesting to me on account of its being from
the pen of my father. He was then engaged
in a banker's house, and, it is plain, was not
(he has been deceased above forty years) one
of those so circumstanced, or employed in
commerce or trade, who disregard or disuse
the simple and scriptural method of distin-
guishing the days and months, connected with
which our religious Society has ever believed
it had a testimony to bear against the practice
of the world.

Trusting that your periodical will be so
conducted and supported, as to prove inter-
esting and profitable to all those whose name
it bears,

I am your sincere Friend,

S. B.
5th of Fifth month, 1843.

TO DE. L.

" B— , Uth of First month, 1791.

" Thy animadversions on my method of
writing the numerical instead of the common
names of the months, had probably passed un-
noticed, but for the hasty assertion, ' that
there could be no reason for so doing, but to
puzzle people ;' an assertion which, as I hope
to prove ill-founded, so I think thy own cool
reflection must convince thee, is hardly con-
sistent with Christian charily.

" The objections of the Quakers to the use
of the common names of the months and days,
arise from the consideration of their idolatrous
origin. To a man of learning I presume it is
unnecessary to point out the rise of every par-
ticular name. The days of the week, I think,
without exception, derive their's from the cor-
rupt source of idolatry ; as the sun, the moon,
or various northern warriors became the ob-
jects of the people's worship. The same may
be said respecting some of the months, which,



350



THE FRIE.VD.



thouo-h originally denominated after Iheir nu-j "Permit me to hope that what is written
inerical order, had their names gradually can give no ofience ; it is certain that none is
changed for others, from fabulous gods, heath- 1 intended. My principles teach me to honour
cnish sacrifices, and heroes, the destroyers of: superior years, when crowned with virtue, and
the human race, who wished thus to hand j the general character of Dr. L. commands my
down their names to posterity. The months respect ; but Truth is above all, and where that
of September, October, November, and De- i is concerned, I must use the freedom of a man
cember, alone, are entirely free from these to man.

objections; but the use of them, whilst we I "I seek not controversy, having neither
expunge the rest, would only tend to introduce 'leisure nor inclination for it. ' Heaven is a
confusion, besides that they are become im- [quiet place,' (says an Irish bishop whose name
proper since the alteration of the style, being 1 forget,) ' there are no disputes or contests
now the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th months, and i there :' — so may we all say, and live accord-
not the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, as theirnames ingly. Yet if called forth, I cannot decline
imply. I to give ' a reason of the hope that is in nie,'

" Now we think it utterly inconsistent with [and I wish to do it, according to the advice
the purity of the gospel dispensation to con-! of the apostle, ' with meekness and fear.'



linue the use of such terms as were designed
to celebrate the names, and perpetuate the
remembrance of false gods, and deified heroes
of antiquity. If no particular passages of
Scripture forbid us the use of them, they ap-
pear so irreconcilable to the whole tenor and
spirit of Christianity, as to need no express
prohibition. Yet we want not more direct
authority for our practice in this respect, for
he who said, ' 1 am the Lord, that is my
name, and my glory will I not give to an-
other, nor my praise to graven images,' (Isa.
xlii. 8,) hath positively commanded in Exodus
sxiii. 13, ' In all things that I have said unto
you, be circumspect, and make no mention of



" Thine respectfully,



■ T. B.



For " The Friend."
PRESEKVATION TO THE END.

When it is to be feared that not a few are
turned aside out of the right way by the ex-
amples of degeneracy and defection from the
Truth that are to be found among those who
have long professed it, the account of one who
has held out to the end, after a life of dedica-
tion to her Lord, and uncommon usefulness to
others, comes like good news from a far coun-
try, and refreshes the weary and laborious



the name of other gods, neither let it be heard! Christian. It gives one additional proof to
out of thy mouth.' I the cloud of witnesses who have gone before,

" If under the dispensation of the law, (con- that the foundation of God stands sure, and
fessedly imperfect, and under which many that he not only knoweth and loveth them that
things were permitted to the Jews, because of j are his, but that he loves them to the end.
the hardness of their hearts,) the people were How grateful ought we to be that the Lord |
to be so far from worshipping such false gods, continues from generation to generation to
that even their names were not to be found in! give such signal proof of his power and good-
their mouths, can it consist with the pure and j ness, in raising up as from the stones of the
perfect dispensation of the gospel, the spiritual street, choice instruments to show forth his



law written in the heart, to allow of such
things? NVe think not.

" I wish not to trespass on thy time and
patience, by extending the subject : the above
may perhaps be sufficient to convince thee we
are not that people thou seemest to suppose ;
that we affect not singularities, nor oppose the
general customs of mankind from ignorance
or obstinacy, but that we have, what appear
to ourselves at least, well-grounded reasons
for our conduct. Such singularities of appear-
ance and practice are far from agreeable to
our natural dispositions, and the fullest convic-
tions of their necessity, alone can induce us
to assume them. So very grievous indeed
are they to nature, that loo many amongst us,
who cannot but see the truth of our princi-
ples in these respects, shrink from the public
support of them, through fear of the ridicule
and contempt of their acquaintance, and ' the



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 129 of 154)