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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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have been disregarded when laid before them.
A recent experiment of Huber has solved this
question : he planted in spring some branches
of the wild poplar, before the leaves were de-
veloped, and placed them in pots near his
apiary : the bees alighting on them separated
the folds of the largest buds with their for-
ceps, extracted the varnish in threads, and
loaded with it, first one thigh and then the
other ; for they convey it like pollen, trans-
ferring it by the first pair of legs to the se-
cond, by which it is lodged in the hollow of
the third. Huber examined the chemical pro-
perties of this varnish, and identified it with
the propolis which fastens the combs to the
hives.

With respect to the absence of fir trees,
&.C., in the neighbourhood of the hives, it is
to be recollected, in the first place, that bees
will fy about three miles (some say five) for
what they may want. Huber thinks that the
radius of the circle they traverse does not ex-
ceed half a league ; yet says that the question
is undecided. In the second place, that a bal-
samic and tenacious secretion is found upon
the buds of several plants and trees, which are
often crowded with these insects ; such, for
instance, as the tacamahac, horse-chestnut,
and hollyhock. Dr. Evans says, that he has
been an eye-witness of their collecting the bal-
samic varnish which coals the young blossom
buds of the hollyhock, and has seen them rest



356



THE FKIENI>.



at least ten minutes on the same bud, moulding
the balsam with their fore feet, and trans-
ferring it to the hinder legs, as above stated.
When finally moulded, the pellets of propolis
are of a lenticular form.

As to the bees refusing resinous substances,
when presented to them, as substitutes for

propolis, Knight has assured us, in the

Philosophical Transactions, that this is not
the fact, as he had seen them carry off a com-
position of wax and turpentine, which had been
laid over the decorticated parts of his trees.
The bees blend this substance with wax in
difierent proportions, as occasion may require.

(To be concluded.)



Selected for "The FricDd.'

Regard due to the Feelings of Others.

There is a plant that in its cell,

All trembhng seems to stand ;
And bends its stalk, and folds its leaves

From each approaching hand.

And thus there is a conscious nerve.

Within the human breast;
That from the rash and careless hand

Shrinks and retires dislrcst.
The pressure rude, the touch severe.

Will raise within the mind,
A nameless thrill, a secret fear,

A torture undefined.

Oh ! you who are by nature formed.

Each thought refined to know,
Repress the word, the glance that wakes

That trembling nerve to woe.
And be it still your jny to raise.

The trembler from the shade ;
To bind the broken, and to heal

The wound by sorrow njade.
Whene'er you see the feeling mind,

Oh! let this care begin;
And though the cell be ne'er so low,

IJespect the guest within.



T7ie Great Iron Steamer. — This immense
vessel, built at Bristol, England, for the Liver-
pool iind New York trade, was floated in the
dock on the 2d of .June ; she sits most grace-
fully on the water, and draws but nine feet ten
inches, with all her machinery and boilers on
board. The nineteenth instant is the day
appointed for floating her from her dock into
the river ; and, at the same time, she will be
named the Great Britain. Prince Albert,
with her Majesty's Ministers, Foreign Am-
bassadors, and the Lords of the Admiralty,
will be present at the ceremony. Ten thou-
sand tickets, at a guinea each, will be issued,
which will entitle the holders to admission
into the company's yard, and to partake of a
collation on board.

We have already given the principal dimen-
sions of this floating wonder, but having learn-
ed a few additional particulars, there can be
no harm in repeating the whole: —

Length from figure head to taffrail, 322
feet. Length, upper and forecastle decks,
308 feet. Main breadth, 50 feet G inches-
depth, 32 feet G inches. Promenade cabin,
forward, 67 feet long, 21 feet 9 inches broad.
Promenade cabin, all, 110 feet long, 22 feet
broad. Dining saloon, forward, 61 feet long,



21 feet 9 inches broad. Dining saloon, ufl,
98 feet 6 inches long, 30 feet broad.

One hundred and thirteen state rooms, with
two beds.

Twenty-six state rooms with one bed.

The weight of iron used in the ship and
engines is upwards of 1500 tons. — iV. York
Com.



The Comet. — A letter from Otaheile, pub-
lished in the Providence Ji
account of the comet, which was very bril-
liant, and caused great alarm to the simple
Islanders. It was first observed on the 2nd
of March, when it appeared a vast mass of
fire rising from the verge of the horizon to
the height of thirty degrees, illuminating the
ocean as far as the eye could reach. The
natives at first thought a neighbouring island
was on fire. It measured fifty-four deirrees
in length, and four degrees in breadth. It
was supposed there that the temperature had
risen very materially from the proximity of
the celestial visiter.



And when around thy suff'ring bed.

We hung with an.tious care,
How oft Ihou bade us, hold thte not

A weary captive there.
The tie that bound us, thou had owned,

And was to thee most dear.
Yet, still thy words were, " Let me go !"

" Do not detain me here I"
And when the hour of trial came,

To drink the parting cup.
Unshrinking nature, longing strove,

To yield the spirit up.
No cloud was then before thy view,
gives an No desert, dark nor drear.

But full of faith, and hope, and joy.

Thou telt Death's portal near.
A prayer we saw was on thy lip,

As breathing seemed to cease ;
Thy parting words were—" Lord ! let now,

Thy servant 'part in peace."
'Tis past ! — 'lis o'er I — the scene is closed .'

We see thee here no more !
And nature feels, the lies are rent,

That closely bound be.bre.
But we have faith, and we have trust

In that enduring Pow'r,
That bore thee through life's changeful path.

And through Death's peaceful hour.
And with undoubting, sHcred hope.

Our minds are clothed in pr.iyer.
That our to-morrow, in yon woild.

May re-unite us there.



ated for '* Tlie Friend.'
OUR MOTHER.

The scene is closed — and Mother, thou

No more art with us here !
But yesterday, thy sleeping form

Reposed in silence near !
Yes ! yesterday, the cherished vase.

We "dust to dust" resigned.
That eighty years of trial here,

Thy way-worn spirit shrined.
But yesterday, it was, our hands

The last, sad duties paid ;
We robed thee as thou dress'd in life,

When thou thyself arrayed.
Like as a mother clothes her babe.

And cradles it with care.
We laid our Mother in her bed.

And watched her sleeping there.
But soon our watching hours were pass'd, —

'J'hey carried her away.
And underneath the broken clod.

Our cherished Mother lay.
And we were orphans — Icll to bear

Life's fitful changes still.
And thou, our counsellor — no more

Could guide each bending will.
But Mother dear — thy children, yet

Thy sacred dictates hear ;
We sec thee not— we hear no voice.

Yet feel thy presence near !
The light that trom thy spirit shone.

Still shines around the place
Where we were wont to hear thy tones,

And watch thy fading face.
There needeth not be words, to tell

What thou to each might say.
The lessons thou hast daily taught.

Can never pass away !
Unfailing patience — changeless love —

Desire to be resigned —
A holy faith — a trusting hope —

Clothed thy devoted mind.
At times, we knew, thou felt a cloud

Spread o'er the future scene,
A misty veil — a wilderness —

Seemed then, to intervene
Between thee and the spirit land.
That world so bright and fair ;
And shut thy anxious vision out.

Shrouding the glories there.
But Mother dear, the cloud was rent —

Thy soul in daily prayer
Ascended to the throne of grace.
And felt acceptance there.



An Exciting Scene at Cape Cod. — A few
days ago, about noon, a school of black fish,
which had entered Barnstable harbour, were
circumvented and attacked by the inhabitants
in about twelve boats, manned by about sixty
men, armed with scythes, pitchforks, axes,
some old lances, one bayonet fastened to a
pole, &;c. The attack continued until five
p. M., when ninety-five black fish were killed.
Three others, being the remnant of the school,
escaped. The sport is represented to have
been very animated ; but most of those en-
gaged in it being farmers, were not accustom-
ed to it, and not being provided with whale-
men's gear, boats, &c., laboured under some
disadvantage. The result, however, was very
gratifying, the fish being expected to average
a barrel of oil each, worth about forty cents
per gallon. The sportsmen are represented
to have striven manfully with the huge ani-
mals, fighting, in some instances, with sheath
knives, and at such close quarters, that their
garments were besprinkled with blood.



A Wash for Apple Trees. — The wash ap-
plied to the premium apple orchard of Capt.
Randall, New Bedford, was made as follows,
to wit : — 10 lbs. sperm oil soap to 10 quarts
of water. First rub Ihe young tree with this
and sand, so as to start the moss ; then put on
this wash with a common painter's brush.
The president of our state society informs us
that he has known apple trees nearh' ruined
by white washing. Lime is too caustic.

Newport Mercury.

Turnips. — This vegetable is known to
thrive best in the vicinity of salt water. The
largest crops we have known have been grown
on islands in our harbour. A hint thus given
that salt used in the manure for this crop
would be useful, has proved valuable in prac-
tice. We recommend it. — Ibid.



For " TheFrieiiJ
THE UNCHANGEABLE WAY.

With what solemn and alarming feelings,
both when inspecting the state of my own
heart, and in looking at others, does the query
sometimes arise, Upon what are we venturing
our souls and our hopes? Upon what are we
building with reference to an existence in that
untried, unknown, and never-ending eternity,
which so soon awaits us? — the all-importuiit
consideration and business, fraught with the
most alarming contingence and sequence. If
it be any thing siiort of the doctrines, the pre-
cepts, and the example of Christ, our Holy
Head and High Priest ; any thing short of the
doctrine of salvation as contained in the holy
Scriptures, and still more authoritatively and
adaptatively in that new covenant dispensa-
tion of light and life, (Heb. viii. 8, 9, 10, 11,
and xii. 24,) revealed inwardly by the Father
of Spirits to the soul of man, it must be a
sandy foundation ; and will not answer us in
the awfully approaching period of decision,
when the winds and the tempests come. " For
other foundation can no man lay than that is
laid, which is Christ Jesus." And the apostle
further testifies, "whosoever buildeth on this
foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood,
hay, stubble ; every man's work shall be made
manifest ; for the day shall declare it, because
it shall be revealed by fire, and the fire shall
try every viands work of what sort it is."
Christ is the rock upon which all that is per-
manent must be built; and very lamentable
will be the condition of those, who have taken
up a rest short of this only true and safe one,
prepared, tlirough Him, for the people of
God.

We seem to be living as though little or
nothing was at stake, and with nothing to do,
(happy insensibility were this life all,) but to
enjoy, as sedately as we can, the pleasures set
before us, and to be beguiled by the cares and
business, the conversation and pastimes, the
novelties, incidents, and obliquities of this
changing scene, without viewing it solely as
one of probation and preparation for that
which is to come; without striving through
the aid of the grace of God, the sanctifying
influences of the Holy Spirit, to be redeemed
from all the corruptions, and the love of the
world; having every let and hinderance re-
moved through the power of an endless life,
and with purified and spiritualized hearts, the
white linen and robe of righteousness, the only
acceptable mantle, made meet for the inherit-
ance of the saints in light ; that kingdom
where nothing that is earthly or impure can
ever enter. For this blessed end how should
the prescribed way be continually preserved
in the mind, kept to, walked, and lived in ;
even Christ the unchangeable way. For,
saith he, " I am the way, and the truth, and
the life ; no man cometh unto the Father but
by me." And again, " Whosoever doth not
take up his daily cross and come after me,
cannot be my disciple." " Without holiness
no man shall see the Lord." " If any man
hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of
his." " Unless a man be born again, he cannot
see the kingdom of God." Now, who among
us are living up to and exemplifying these



THE FlllEND.

Scriptures? And yet to the spiritual mind, it
is as easy to conceive a fire without heat, a
sun without light, or a cause without an
effect, as that these and other similar pre-
cepts from the Divine Lawgiver may with
impunity be denied or abrogated. How need-
ful then, above all things else, to " watch ;"
watch unto Him, and wait upon Him, even as
the eye of the servant is to the hand of the
master : to walk in Him as those living con-
tinually in His sight, who feel that tiiey must
give an account for all the deeds done in the
body : to strive, through His help, to bring
every thought into captivity to the obedience
of Christ ; to acknowledge him in all our
ways, and to let him direct our paths ; and
with meekness, patience, prayer, and an ex-
emplary life and conversation, doing all to the
glory of God, exalt his name in the earth.

However we may be deluded and lulled into
security by the maxims, institutions, customs,
and traditions, inconceivably delusive, of thi
deceitful and wicked world, — (for one effect of
sin is a strange stupidity and infatuation,
which renders us like a person in a delirium,
insensible of our true state,) — nevertheless the
foundation of God slandeth sure : and the
truths of Divine revelation, the yea and amen
forever, must remain uncircumscribed by the
lapse of ages, and not to be compromised,
though heaven and earth should pass away.
For, sailh Christ, " Heaven and earth shall
pass away, but ?ny words shall not pass ait-uy."
"Seeing then these things, what manner of per-
sons ought we to be in all holy conversation
and godliness, looking for and hasting unto
the coming of the day of God, wherein the
heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and
the elements shall melt with fervent heat."
While to those who look for a new heaven
and a new earth, the apostle directly con-
tinues, " he diligent, that ye may be found of
him in peace, without spot, and blameless."
And again, "Having therefore these promises,
let us cleanse ourselves from all fillhiness of
the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the
fear of God." Which spiritual state of re-
demption and guilelessness is the only soil,
climate, atmosphere, and inheritance of
heaven. Where no fleshly nor earthly de-
sires and pursuits cometh. Not one of whose
inhabitants can say, I am sick. Where the
Lamb that is in the midst of the throne shall
feed them, and lead them unto living fountains
of waters, and God shall wipe away all tears
from their eyes."

The beneficent Author of our religion, and
of the Divine unction and anointing in the
soul, has expressly declared, " Without me
ye can do nothing." We are, as the children
of Adam, as incapable of performing any thing
good, tending to the honour and glory of God,
as a dead man is of performing "the functions
of life; are as completely incapacitated, with-
out his enlightening assistance, and regener-
ating grace, to put forth a finger to save our
own souls, as to redeem a brother, or give to
God a ransom for him. Then as the only
alternative, expedient, and hope of glory in our
lost condition, let us come unto Christ, the
Creator and Redeemer, Sanctifior and Com-
forter of his people ; the Fountain open for the



357

whole house of Israel ; the power of God and
the wisdom of God ; who is our wisdom,
righteousness, sanclification and redemption;
in whom dwelleth all the fullness of the god-
head bodily ; the fullness of him that filleth
all in all ; and whom, as Moses prophesied,
" we are to hear in all things whatsoever he
shall say unto us." For, " there is no other
natne given under heaven amongst men where-
by we may be saved, but by the name of Je-
sus." And this, not in a mere lip profession,
of Lord, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee;
not in a cold assent to all the dogmas and
truths of the gospel ; not in a dry, doctrinal
and notional belief of him manufactured in the
brain, as an outward Saviour only, or as one
afar off; but as a constraining, pervading, and
operative principle, that works by love to the
purifying of the affections, and brings forth
fruits, after its kind, of righteousness, peace
and joy in the Holy Ghost; a principle and
faith that overcometh the world; bringing
every thing into a holy conformity to hi3
righteous will; a real reception of him in the
heart, as our only and whole hope and depen-
dence ; feeling him as a transforming leaven,
a burning and a sliining light ; and living and
walking in him as the life and salvation of the
soul — the second Adam — the quickening Spi-
rit — the Lord from heaven. Even to the
partaking through the condescensions of his
grace and mercy, of that bread and water of
life, which daily cometh down from God out
of heaven ; which he taught his disciples to
pray for in the language, " Give us, day by
day, our daily bread ;" and which he told the
woman of Samaria, should be in her a well of
water, springing up unto everlasting life. If
this is not our conitbrt and rest, rock and foun-
dation, and, in some measure, our experience
also — if we have not received the Lord Jesus
Christ as " the mystery of godliness," through
" the demonstration of the Spirit," and with
power, being found in him, not having our own
righteousness, but the righteousness which is
through tiie faith of Christ, as a convincing,
converting, transforming, and regenerating
principle; if we heed not the invitation, in
that " the Spirit and Ihe bride say come ; and
whosoever will, let him take of the waters of
life freely ;" but rejecting the light that maketh
manifest, and the law that " is perfect, con-
verting the soul," and choose rather our
farms, or merchandise, or any thing else
whatsoever, to thus partaking of the Lord's
supper, it will avail us nothing what reputa-
tion we have borne for wisdom, prudence,
propriety, circumspection and benevolence
before our fellow-worms in the world ; but as
sure as the records of heaven are immutable,
and fail not, so sure our names cannot be in
the Lamb's book of life. For, it matters not
what name we have obtained ; how morally
we have lived ; how faithfully fulfilled all the
social and relative duties, or how amiable we
appeared in the sight of our fellow-creatures,
if we have not been faithful in the unspeak-
ably greater relations of obedience unto
Christ, and keeping our first love chaste unto
him, from whom the darkness hideth not, but
who looketh upon the heart, we must be sin-
ners in his sight; and unless all Scripture be



358



THE FRIEND.



false, and the sayings of Christ obsolete, we
must fall under the curse and condetnnation of
that law that accepteth no man's person, nor
altereth not, and be punished with everlasting
destruction from the presence of the Lord, and
from the glory of his power. It was no doubt
when filled and fired with a sense of the obli-
gations upon us to fulfill the law of love, as
contained in the first commandment, that the
apostle declared, (1 Cor. xvi. 2-^,) '' If any
man lore not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him
be Anathema Maran-atha."

If wisdom be justified of her children, and
it be the greatest wisdom, through keeping
the commandments of God, and tiie faitli of
Jesus, to work out our salvation with fear and
trembling, how needful often to query of our
souls, " What think ye of Christ?" "How
much owest thou unto thy Lord!" And
whether our love is towards him with all our
heart, and all our soul, and all our strength!
For if he is not thus our life, our desire, our
chiefest treasure and joy, our all in all, let
us be assured our hearts are not right in the
sight of God ; and we are not of the circum-
cision who worship him in spirit ; nor are we
in the straight and narrow way which alone
leadeth unto the kingdom of heaven. For
there is no other than that which the Saviour
hath trod, — the unchangeable way, — the tri-
bulated way, — the persecuted way, — the way
of the cross. And while the necessity of
walking therein with the qualifications and
spirituality needful fur a holy hope in God,
are abundantly set forth in the Scriptures of
Truth, they, at the same lime, clearly demon-
strate and discover to the spiritual eye, — in
those standing and uncompromising laws and
ordinances, changeless as heaven, in condem-
nation of such being written, who are deceiv-
ers; being skeptics, infidels and strangers,
notwithstanding all their profession to the
contrary, — the new covenant dispensation,
sealed by the blood of the unchangeable
Priesthood, which is the mystery of God
in vs.

Then if the whole of our Lord's precepts
are to be regarded as binding upon his disci-
ples, and his example to be followed in every
thing, and in every part, to the denial of self
in all things, with what feelings and tremb-
lings should we peruse and ponder such
Scriptures, as, " Be not conformed to this
world ; but be ye transformed by the renew-
ing of your mind, that ye may prove what is
that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of
God?'' Rom. xii. 2. " For all that is in the
world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the
eye, and the pride of life, is not of the
Father, but is of the world. Love not the
world, nor the things that are in the world.
// any man lone the world, the loi^e of the
Father is not in him." 1 John ii. 15, 16.
" Behold these three years I am seeking fruit
on this fig tree, and find none : cut it down ;
why cumbercth it the ground?'''' Luke xiii. 6.
" As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself,
except it abide in the vine, no more can ye,
except ye abide in me." John xv. 4. " By
their fruits ye shall know them. Not every
one that eayeth unto me, Lord, Lord, shall
enter into the kingdom of heaven ; but he that



doelh the will of my Father which is in hea-
ven." 3Iatt. vii. 2U, 21. "He that saith I
know him, and keepeth not his commandments,
is a liar, and the truth is not in hira. He that
saith he abideth in \\\m, ought himself also so
to walk, even as he walked." 1 John ii. 4, b.
" Whosoever abidelh in him, sinneth not :
whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither
known him." 1 John iii. (i. " This is the love
of God, that we keep his commandments." 1
John V. H. " Whosoever forsaketh not all that
he hath, cannot be my disciple." Luke xiv.
33. " Ye must be born again. That which is
born of the flesh is flesh ; and that which is
born of the spirit is spirit." John iii. 7, 6.
" Except ye be converted, and become as lit-
tle children, ye shall not enter into the king-
dom of heaven." Matt, xviii. 3. " If any man
be in Christ, he is a new creature : old things
are passed away ; behold all things are become
new." 2 Cor. v. 17. " For in Christ Jesus
neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor
uncircumcision, but a new creature." Gal. vi.

15. " And they that are Christ's have cruci-
fied the flesh with the atTection and lusts. This
1 say then, walk in the Spirit, and ye shall
not fulfill the lust of the flesh." Gal. v. 24,

16. " But ye are not in the flesh, but in the
Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell
in you. For as many as are led by the Spirit
of God, they are the sons of God." Ro. viii.
9, 14. " Examine yourseUes, whether ye be
in the (this) faith; prove your own selves.
Know ye not that Jesus Christ is in you, ex-
cept ye be reprobates ?" 2 Cor. xiii. 5. " Know
ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that
the Spirit of God dwelleth in you ? If any man
defile the temple of God, him shall God de-
stroy : for the temple of God is holy, which
temple ye are. What ! know ye not that your
body is the temple of the Holy Ghost, which
is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are
not your own? For ye are bought with a



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