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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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price : therefore glorify God in your body,
and in your spirit, which are God^s." 1 Cor.
iii. 16, 17, and vi. 19, 20. " Then see that ye
refuse not him that speaketh. For if thoy
escaped not who refused him that spoke on
earth, much more shall not we escape, if we
turn away from him that speaketh from hea-
ven : for our God is a consuming fire." Heb.
xii. 25, 29. " Js'evertheless, the foundation of
God standeth sure having this seal, the Lord
knoweth them that are his. And let every
one that nameth the name of Christ depart

from iniquity." 2 Tim. ii. 19.

Under what restrictions and anxious inquiry
and solicitude the spirit of these and similar
passages of Scripture should introduce the
professed disciples of Christ, will perhaps be
best, if not only, known, at the awfully ap-
proaching period when the secrets of all hearts
shall be opened, and the end and design of this
life be eternally and irrevocably resolred.
When we must, whether prepared or not, re-
sign to liim, who seeth not as man seeth, but
who looking on the heart, rendereth unto every
man according to his work, all our schemes,
baubles, cares, hopes, and happiness. And
while procrastination, with regard to eternal
things, which are not so immediately before
us, being also wholly opposed to our natural

depravity, lusts and disposition, with the more
inviting and beguiling objects of time and
sense, all combine to keep us enslaved by cus-
tom, lukewarmness, cold-heartedness, and by
sin, and to make us with loo little heed anti-
cipate their end and eflects ; yet how needtui
is soberness, seriousness, watching and pray-
er, as a subject involving such inconceivable
consequence as the eternal happiness or mis-
ery of an immortal soul for which Christ died.
And how applicable to all is the exhortation
of the apostle to the youthful Timothy,
" Meditate upon these things. Give thyself
wholly to them," &c. And who very feelmgly
thus addressed the saints at Philippi, " If
there be therefore any consolation in Christ;
if any comfort of love ; if any fellowship of
the Spirit ; if any bowels and mercies, fulf I
ye my joy, that ye be like-minded, having the
same love, being of one accord, of one nnnd."


" The mechanic and the labourer are de-
pendent upon their employers for the means
of earning a livelihood ; and their employers
are dependent upon the mechanic and the
labourer for the manufacture of their goods,
and the cultivation of their lands. The manu-
facturer is dependent upon the merchant for
the vending of his wares ; and the merchant
is dependent upon the manufacturer for a
proper quantity of merchandise. England, as
a commercial nation, is dependent upon the
demands of foreign states for the disposal of a
large proportion of her manufactures ; and the
countries whose markets are chiefly supplied
by exports from Britain, are dependent upon
her for the various articles of merchandise
they require. The agriculturist is dependent
upon the public at large for the consumption
of his grain ; and the consuming public are
dependent upon the agriculturist for a plenti-
ful supply of produce. The poor are depen-
dent upon the rich for the distribution of their
wealth, that they may have wherewith to pur-
chase food and clothing; and the rich are
dependent upon the poor for the comforts and
convenience they derive from the skill of arti-
sans and servants. Tradesmen and work-
people, and, indeed, all ranks in society, the
higher as well as the lower, are dependent
upon those belonging to the learned and sci-
entific professions tor the valuable and bene-
ficial exercise of their varied talents; and the
members of these professions are dependent
upon those who employ them, for the emolu-
ment by which they are enabled to support
themselves, and maintain their respecta-

[Above all, be it reverently and thankfully
remembered, as the primary link in this
beautiful chain of dependency, that we are
indebted to the great Source of light and of
life, for every form and degree of blessing
which we enjoy.]

W'hen persons are continually reminding
you that they have forgotten some imaginary
or real injury, depend upon it, it is always
uppermost in their thoughts.


There is sound sense and wholesome coun-
sel in the following from the Portland Tri-

If you do your duty — are kind and obedi-
ent — you will seldom meet with any trouble
— your masters will appreciate your services
— respect you, and use their endeavours to
make your situations agreeable and pleasant.
On the contrary, if you are cross and crabbed
- if you continually fret and snarl at their
pleasant requests or kind rebukes — if you are
perverse and head-strong, you cannot expect
to be happy — no situation will be pleasant,
and no master kind to you. It depends mostly
upon yourselves, whether your situations shall
be agreeable or otherwise. You should re-
member, that while you are apprentices you
have placed yourselves under the eye of an-
other — one who is bound to watch over you
— counsel you, and check you when you err.

We see no reason in the world why all ap-
prentices cannot be contented and happy.
Some of you, we know, have unpleasant
places, and disagreeable masters. But, be
assured, if you endeavour to do your duty, and
strive to promote the interests of your em-
ployers, you will eventually soften the asperity
of their tempers, and turn their habitual frowns
into smiles. If you partake of their feelings,
and say with proud spirits, " I will not put up
with such treatment," when any thing crosses
your temper, you but add to your sorrows, and
contribute to make your situations more dis-
agreeable. By studying your duty, and pro-
moting the interests of your masters, you
benefit yourselves, and make every thing

While learning your trades, you cannot be
too careful of bad associates. One vicious
youth will ruin a dozen well disposed boys.
Choose for your companions the virtuous and
industrious — those who would not for the
world comiT)it a crime — whose language is free
from profane words, and indelicate thoughts,
and who prefer to spend their time, especially
their evenings, where they can improve their
minds. Such young men are ornaments to
society, and all who are found among them,
pursuing the same praiseworthy course, are
considered to be in the true path to virtue and

By observing these few hints, we are cer-
tain that every apprentice will find it for his
best good in the end, however he may con-
sider it now. Another and a vicious course
will prove his sure and irrevocable ruin.


Vegetables, as is well known, grow in the
sea and rivers, and in these situations per-
form a useful part in the economy of nature.
On this point, we find the following inter-
esting observations in a lecture recently de-
livered by Professor Brande, at the Royal
Institution, in London, and published in the
Medical Times:—

" The carbonic acid held in solution in
water performs a very important part with
regard to the growth of aquatic plants; and


you will find afterwards, that from the carbo.
nic acid taken up from the air, and decom-
posed by plants, a great deal of charcoal is
accumulated. Now, when atmospheric air is
held in water, its oxygen is converted slowly
into carbonic acid by the respiration of the fish
and animals existing in the water, and the
carbonic acid so produced is decomposed by
the vegetables growing in the water ; charcoal
is taken up, and oxygen given off". Hence
the reason why we cannot keep fish for any
length of time in an ornamental basin, or in
any piece of water where there are not vege-
tables growing. You may keep gold-fish in
water exposed to the air, but, although the air
has free access to it, you are obliged frequent-
ly to change the water, for it soon becomes so
(ar charged with carbonic acid, as to be unfit
for the respiration of the fish. And in regard
to streams and natural sources of water, if
there are not a sufficient number of aquatic
vegetables, the fish will soon die, in conse-
quence of there being nothing to take up the
carbonic acid which they throw otF, and which
ultimately poisons them. It is a very curious
fact, that the whole value of vegetables in
water consists in their extraordinary power
of taking up the charcoal, and setting the oxy-
gen free ; a power, however, which only be-
longs to the green parts of vegetables, and
which they only exert under the influence of
solar light."

Thus sea-weeds do that for fishes which
land vegetables accomplish for mankind and
animals generally, with the aid of the sun's
light — remove the vitiated, and supply them
wiih the pure air. The mercies of God are
over all his works. — Foreign Journal.


The venom of the bee and the wasp is a li
quid, contained in a small vesicle, and is forced
through the hollow tube of the sting into the
wound inflicted by that instrument. From the
experiments of Fontana, we learn that it
bears a striking resemblance to the poison of
the viper. That of the bee is much longer in
drying when exposed to the air than the
venom of the wasp, 'i'he sting of the bee
should be immediately extracted, and the best
application is opium and olive oil ; one drachm
of the former finely powdered, rubbed down
with one ounce of the lalter, and applied to the
part aflected by means of lint, which should be
frequently renewed. No experiments upon
which we can rely have been made on the
poison of the spider tribe. From the rapidity
with which these animals destroy their prey,
and even one another, we cannot doubt that
their poison is sufficiently virulent. Soft poul-
tices of fresh flesh, bread and milk, or, in the
absence of these, even mud, are excellent ap-
plications to the stings of insects, and even the
bites of the most venomous snakes. The spe-
cifics recommended in such cases for internal
ise, are not to be compared in efficacy with
he timely application of a poultice of the flesh
of a chicken, or other animal recently killed.
The flesh of the rattlesnake itself is, in some
parts of America, reckoned to possess specific
virtues, and doubtless will answer nearly, if


not quite, as well as any other good soft and
moist poultice, which will seldom fail to effect
a cure when promptly applied, and frequently
renewed. In this way the irritation and
inflammation induced by the poison in the
part bitten is often arrested at once, and pre-
vented from extending to vital parts. These
conclusions are the results of experiments
made with the poison of the rattlesnake, in
which the most celebrated Indian and other
specifics were used with little if any advantage.
— /-'armer's Encijclopadia.

Observatory at Cambridge, MassacJaiselts.
— About forty thousand dollars have been ap-
propriated to the establishment of an Obser-
vatory, to be erected on an elevated situation
in the vicinity of Harvard University, known
as Summer House Hill. Of this sum, twenty
thousand dollars were contributed by mer-
chants of Boston; three thousand by the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences;
one thousand by the Society for the Diffusion
of Useful Knowledge, and three thousand by
Insurance Companies. The structure is to
he called the Sears Tower, in commemoration
of the liberality of David Sears, Esq., of Bos-
ton, who gave five tliousnnd dollars for its
erection. D. Sears afterwards gave an addi-
tional sum of five bundled dollars to be applied
towards the purchase of the proper instru-
ments for its equipment. The American
Journal of Science and Art says: — "The
Observatory will be as well endowed as any in
the world. The ready patronage which has,
upon this occasion, been so generously extend-
ed (o American astronomy, is most honourable
to the Republic, and no country can point to
a larger donation to science, in proportion to
its wealth."

Sugar. — No one article perhaps enters so
largely into the use of every class of society,
as sugar. We scarcely eat or drink, that
sugar does not form a part. Who then can
doubt the importance of the recent experi-
ments by which it appears that, acre for acre,
the corn-stalks will vie with, if not surpass the
cane. In every state in this Union sugar
may be produced, and instead of the enormous
importation from abroad, we shall be enabled
to produce this great article at home, thereby
rewarding our own people, and making the
return to our own soil. It is true, that expe-
rience is still necessary, but the tact and apti-
tude of our people will soon acquire this; and
if each farmer shall not make his own sugar,
he may supply the corn-stalk to some neigh-
bouring factory that will do it for him. Our
Indian corn crop can be expanded to almost
any required extent, and the time may not be
far distant when we shall become exporters of
sugar. It appears from Ellsworth's re-
port, that the beet sugar is diminishing in
France, and from the policy of the govern-
ment there, giving place to that of the French
colonies; but that the corn-stalk has there
already attracted notice: already the experi-
ments made, leave no doubt of the preference
of the corn over the beet, and induces a strong



probability that it will also surpass the cane.
Corn will thrive better in our middle and
northern slates than in tho tropical regions. —
Fanner's Monthly Visiter.

Aristocratic Taste of the Eagle.— A wri-
ter in Silliman's Journal, giving an account of
the birds of Connecticut, thus describes an
eagle domesticated in his yard. It was what
Audubon calls the " Washington eagle :" —

" This noble bird was shot in New Canaan,
in April, 18^1, and was sent to me in Strat-
ford by J. Silliman. He soon recovered from
his wound, and became perfectly domestica-
ted. I kept him awhile confined, but soon
found it unnecessary, because, if he left my
premises, he would return to the stand at
night. I have known him to eat fourteen
birds, (inoslly Muscicapa tyrannus, or king
bird,) and then he was satisfied for a week.
He appeared to prefer this mode of living, and
paid no attention to a daily supply. He, how-
ever, in the course of the summer, became so
mischievous among the young ducks of my
neighbours, that I was compelled to kill him.
A single anecdote of his conduct may not be
uninteresting. While he had possession of
my front yard, occupying the centre as his
stand, (the walks making a semi-circle to the
door,) he would remain perfectly quiet if well
dressed persons entered; but if a person with
tattered garments, or such persons as were not
accustomed to come in at the frontdoor, enter-
ed the yard, it was actually dangerous for
them, and they could only escape the tremen-
dous grasp of his talons by running with their
full strength, and shutting the gate after them.
Facts of this kind often occurred ; and I was
occasionally compelled to release from his
grasp such individuals as he had taken cap-
tive. With one claw in the swnrd and grass,
he would hold quietly any man with the other.
My domestics, both male and female, often
felt this power of his talons and grasp. He
would not allow their passing in that yard ;
and long acquaintance did not change his
temper towards them. If, however, such per-
sons passed him in the adjoining yard, to the
door in the rear of the yard, he made no
complaints. What renders this truly remark-
able was, he had no training to this purpose
while in my possession, and was wild when I
received him.

The Last of the Indians.— The Ohio States-
man of the 18th ult. says : —

The Wyandotts, the last tribe of Indians in
Ohio, have departed for their new home West
of the Mississippi. A delegation from the
tribe, consisting of three principal chiefs,
visited our city, to bid farewell to the gover.
nor, and through him, to the people of Ohio
Jacquis, the head chief, delivered a beautiful
address, which was interpreted by William
Walker, Esq. The governor replied, and
assured them of the good feeling of I he pe(
of Ohio towards their brethren, and wished
them happiness and prosperity in their new
home. The speeches will be published in a
few days. The scene was very interesting,

and the sentiments delivered by the venerable
chief were worthy the head and heart of a
chief of this once noble race. May pros-
perity and happiness attend this remnant of
ed men, who have for so many years dwelt
in peace and amity with tlie citizens of our

An Intelligent Dog. — A person of the name
of John James, residing at Little Eccleston
Hall, near Poulton-le-Fylde, a few days ago,
wont on his ordinary business lo Lancaster,
accompanied by a shepherd's dog, kept by
him. After his arrival, he had occasion to
write to his family at home. He accordingly
indited a letter, and gave it to the dog, de-
siring him to " ga his wa back," and carry it
safe ; which the dog did, performing his mas-
ter's wish in three hours. The distance was
twenty miles. — Preston Chronicle.

No man has a right to what is set before

him at a table, without being thankful for it,

and that for this simple and obvious reason —

man can bring into existence one grain of

wheat, or one drop of water. — Harrison.



The members of our religious Society —
every friend of the slave in this land, ought
continually, and with the most vigilant jeal-
ousy, to be on the watch in regard to every
indication or movement towards the extension
of the abominable sin of slavery, and the for-
mation of new slave states, more especially

respects Texas. A letter from the London
corret-pondent of the New York Commercial
Advertiser, possesses an interest in this rela-
tion which deserves attention. Our space ad-
mits only of a part: —

" You are already aware of the anxiety dis-
played by the anti-slavery socities in this
country for the abolition of slavery in Texas.
I now beg to ask your especial attention to the
form which this anxiety has taken, and to the
eventual intentions of the parties who enter-
tain it.

" It is the wish of these anti-slavery gentle-
men to raise a sufficient sum of money for the
purchase, with a view to emancipation, of the
entire slave population of Texas. There ex-
ists in that country a small party favourable
to this scheme. Through them it is intended
to make the following proposition to the Texan
government : That a sufficient sum of money
shall be raised in this country to remunerate
the slave owners of Texas for their property
in the slaves. This money to be given to the
Texan government in exchange for public
lands at a fair price, on condition that the
government do abolish slavery throughout
their whole territory, and apply the money to
the payment of the slave owners."

Here follows a paragraph which we omit
in which the writer, evidently no friend of
abolition, introduces some speculative notions

as to the motives and policy of the British
government in promising the agents of this
movement the " direct aid" of their influence.
He then proceeds : —

Will it not be worth the consideration of
our northern statesmen, whether Texas had
not better be received into the Union, — sla-
very and all, — allowing that institution to take
ts chance of eventual abolition, than to per-
mit the occurrence of such a slate of things,
ow seems likely to come to pass ?
I have thrown these observations and
suggestions (relative to this last subject) very
crudely and hastily together, on the strength
of information which I have just received, and
of the authenticity of which you need enter-
tain no doubt. You will, I am sure, agree
with me in thinking the subject itself, and
ese late developments in regard to it, of
high importance, and some matters of minor
consideration upon which I had intended lo
offer a few remarks, must give place till my
next. I remain, yours, very respectfully,
" A Yankee in London."

From the British Friend, published at Glas-
gow, of Fifth month 31st, we take the follow-
ing :—

Dublin Y'early Meeting began on the 1st
of the present month, and held about the usual
number of sittings. Friends were favoured,
we understand, to conduct the business that
came befure them in much harmony ; and it
is hoped the solemnity was a season of bene-
fit, in the best sense, to more than a few.

Epislles were received from the London
Yearly Meeting of last year, and from all the
Yearly Meetings in America, except Vir-

A testimony was brought in from Munster
Quarterly Meeting, respecting our late dear
friend, Sarah Grubb, the reading of which pro-
duced a very solemn efTect on the minds of

In 1841, this Yearly Meeting directed its
committee to petition the Legislature for the
abolition of capital punishments. In 1842,
the committee reported that no suitable oppor-
tunity of doing so had offered ; and the subject
was again remitted to its care. This year, it
laid before the meeting a form of petition
to both Houses of Parliament, which was
adopted and signed by the meeting generally.


GEORGE F. READ proposes to open a Boarding-
School for Boys at No. 11 Buffum street. North Salcin,
Mass., where in addition to the uselul branehcs of an
English education, will be taught the Hebrew, Greek,
Latin, French, German, &c., languages.

Terms. — For board and tuition, thirty dollars per
term, of 12 weeks, payable in advance. The first term
will commence on the Ibtli of the Ninth mo. next. A»
but a limited number of scholars can be admitted, appli-
eaiioii must be made previous to entrance. Those wish-

enter at the commcncenienl of the term will

please apply as early as the 18th of the Eighth mo. next.
AddreH (post paid) George F. Read, Salem, Mass.

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.


vol. xvt




Priet two doUart per annum, payable in advance.

Sobscriptions and Payments received by



Cod, Mackerel, and Herring Fisheries.

(Concluded from page 354.)

The herring thus secured, and intended for
smoking, are washed the morning after being
caught, and the scales of all that are fat
enough to shed them are forced ofT by friction,
when they are salted away in casks. As soon
as they are sufliciently " struck" with the salt,
they are again washed, spitted, and stiung
upon small round sticks of three or four feet
in length, and hung up in the smoke-house.
In spitting, as well as in hanging them up,
great cart is necessary to prevent the tisli
from touching each other. They are placed,
tier above tier, upon wooden fixtures supported
by joists, until the house is full. The distance
from the lower tier to the floor is commonly
about seven feet. Fires of wood are now
lighted, and the great art is to manage these
fires in a proper manner, inasmuch as they
must neither be too quick nor too slow, and, at
limes, they require to be extinguished. Wood
just taken from the forest is the best, but old
and water-soaked fuel is sometimes used, to
the serious injury both of the colour and the
flavour of the fish. The time occupied by
smoking them is not far from three weeks.
To cure herrings well, good weather is quite
as necessary as good fuel, and carefully attend-
ed fires. After being sufficiently smoked, the
fires are allowed to go out, and, as soon as the
house has become cool, the fish are taken
down, slipped from the sticks, sorted into
three qualities, and packed in boxes. Tiie
houses in which the smoking is done are mere
huts, without floors, and without other finish
than rough board walls, and roofs of the same,
battened with slabs. In some cases, howev-
er, a wiser use is made of money, and suffi-
cient expense is incurred to erect durable
buildings. The upper part and the roof are
always intended to be tight, both to retain the
smoke, and to exclude the rain and damp.
These houses are of various sizes, some being
large enough to hold one thousand boxes of
the fish when on the sticks, while others will
contain no more than a fourth part of that
quantity ; the largest and best finished are the
most economical. The business of smoking

herrings is confined, mainly, to the region of
which we are now speaking. The price in
the markets to which they are usually sent is
sometimes ruinously low, and the poor fisher-

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 133 of 154)