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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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appear before the congregation at Newbury,
and whose mind was no doubt under much
excitement in sympathy with her fellow-be-
lievers in their sufferings, went into the place
of worship in that village, stripped in the man-
ner the magistrates were continually stripping
her friends. The modesty of the people was
sorely oHended ; and seizing her and her
female companion, they stripped the latter,
and tying their naked bodies to the whipping-
posts, with many lashes earnestly laid on, en-
deavoured to heal the wounds inflicted on the
sense of decorum of the gaping crowd.

" I have not taken up my pen to defend the
conduct of Lydia, but merely to state the facts
of the case. Beside this instance, one other
individual, a few months afterward, under
similar excitement, performed a similar ac-
tion. Now to our conclusion. These cases,
which are the only ones a close examination
of the charges of contemporaneous enemies of
the Society, and the defences of its friends
exhibit any trace of, are brought forward at
this day in justification of acts of oppression
committed long before these occurred. Turn
to the statements forwarded to England to
excuse the murders of Stevenson, Robinson,
Dyer, and Leddra ; examine the reasons as-
signed by Norton and the ' General Court'
for their proceedings. Their enmity to the
Quakers is strong, but not the slightest hint
is given that these suffered because of any
indecent exposure, or that the geneial perse-
cution the Society at that time endured was
occasioned by acts of this or a kindred nature.
And why? Because the first instance of the
kind occurred more than three years after the
death of Leddra, the last Quaker martyr in
New England. It is a remarkable fact, that
soon after these two cases of voluntary expo-
sure, the public stripping of Quaker women
ceased. What effect these had in changing
the feelings of the community, I cannot tell ;
but it is certainly a curious coincidence, that
after this period the records of courts, and the
copious annals of our Society, scarcely exhibit
an instance of these cart-tail indecencies. The
rest of the charges f)f ' N. S. D.' are equally
unfounded ; and, with sufficient space for quo-
tations, might be satisfactorily confuted.

" N."

The editor of the 3Iagazine adds: —
" Religious or sectarian controversy is
foreign to the purpose of the Knickerbocker;
yet we could not decline the calm consider-
ation of facts brought forward to correct
alleged misstatements. ' If,' says the writer,
' N. S. D.' ' wishes information on a subject



wilh which he seems to be unacquainted, I
should like to refer liim to works wherein he
may find the original documents.' For our
own part, we think, as we have already partly
intimated, that 'the less said the better,' touch-
ing the treatment of the Quakers and ' others
of the non-elect' by the New England puri-
tans. Washington Irving has driven a long
nail home on this Iheme : ' The zeal of these
good people to maintain their rights and privi-
leges unimpaired, betrayed them into errors,
which it is easier to pardon than defend.
Having served a regular apprenticeship in the
school of persecution, it behooved them to
show that they had become proficients in the
art. They accordingly employed their leisure
hours in banishing, scourging, or hanging,
divers heretical papists, Quakers, and ana-
baptists, for daring to abuse the ' liberty of
conscience,' which they now clearly proved
to imply nothing more than that every man
should think as he pleased in matters of reli-
gion, proeided he thought right ; fur other-
wise it would be giving a latitude to damnable
heresies. Now as they were perfectly con-
vinced that they alone thought right, it conse-
quently followed that whoever thought dif-
ferently from them, thought wrong; and
whoever thought wrong, and obstinately per-
sisted in not being convinced and converted
was a flagrant violator of the inestimable
liberty of conscience, and a corrupt and
fectious member of the body politic, and
deserved to be lopped ofl' and cast into the

For "The Friend."

The first article in the last North American
Review is upon the life and character of the
infidel Paine. It is writtsn with much force
and ability, and places the writings and cha-
racter of that miserable being in their proper
degree of estimation — as incomparably less
meriting praise than abhorrence. The fol-
lowing extract is deserving of consideration as
showing in a strong point of view some of the
sad eflects almost inevitably consequent on
mixed marriages.

" Thomas Paine, the child of humble, though
respectable parents, was horn at Thetford, in
the county of Norfolk, England, in the year
1737. His father was a member of the Soci-
ety of Friends, and, it is believed, held stead-
fastly to the tenets and discipline of that ex-
emplary sect. His mother was an episcopalian.
In this ditference of opinion between the
parents, some of his biographers have seen
the cause of his early scepticism. The memo-
rials of his early life are too few to enable
either friends or enemies to form any satis-
factory conjecture as to the source of his
opinions, wliich, if we are to believe his own
testimony, germinated early in his restless
mind, and never left it during life. As a mat-
ter of mere feeling, we would gladly adopt
the theory we have referred to ; for, as the
experience and observation of all will show,
hazardous in the extreme is the spiritual con-
dition of that child, who, at the age of levity
and thoughtlessness, sees no devotional con-

cord in those to whom he looks for guidance,
or hears nothing from their lips but the bitter
words of that worst of domestic evils, family
polemics. The cultivation of the devotional
principle in the childish mind is the highest
and most delicate trust a parent ought to
know. It may be deadened by rigorous exac-
tion, as we too often see in the children of the
most pious. It may rot away by utter ne-
glect, and for want of the fostering care which
a judicious parent can alone bestow. But,
more than this, it may, in the mysterious pro-
cess of mental development, produce bitter and
poisonous fruit, when it is tortured and per-
plexed by the dilTerences of those who, in its
culture, at least, should agree. Momentous
indeed — let the example about to be illustra-
ted enforce the precept— is the responsibility
of parents thus situated !"


Mary Bass was the eldest daughter of Hen-
ry and Elizabeth Bass, of Ramsey, in Hun-
tingdonshire, and was born about the year
1775. She was considered as an exemplary
young woman ; and as she was bereft of her
pious mother at a very early age, the care of
a large family soon devolved on her. H'
mother was daughter of Isaac and Barbara
Gray, of Hitchin ; and on the decease of
Heniy Bass, which took place in the year
1796, his three daughters settled in that town.

In the year 1799, she showed symptoms of
that disease which was the means of termi-
nating her earthly course. It was thought to
be that afflicting ailment known by the des-
criptive name of water in the head. The pain
which it occasioned was at times very intense;
and did not always occur without inducing a
temporary delirium.

She did not at first appear to believe that
her disease was mortal, as will further appear;
and she suffered a long train of deep bodily
suffering with great resignation.

Taking leave once of a brother, she advised
him to be diligent, saying, " I am sure there is
need of it, for it is a hard thing to have any
thing to do on a sick bed. What a comfort-
able thing it is that I have nothing to do ! But
I believe I shall get better." Her brothers
(for it seems more than one were present)
appearing affected, she added, " You need not
grieve ; for if I die, I shall go to heaven."
Something similar to this she said to one of
her sisters: " If I die, it is hid from me, and
no doubt wisely so. It is often the case. 1
do not wish to be presumptuous about it ; but
I do not think I shall. If I do, you have had
a greater loss." Here she referred to that of
their parents.

After having passed a few days in compa-
rative ease, her pain returned with great vio-
lence : on which, she remarked, " How trying
it is to pass through the fire a second time !"
On another occasion, being in great suffering,
she signified her apprehension that she should
soon he laid low. To an aunt she said, "I
do not wish to be selfish ; but I think I had
rather die than live."

She once desired a sister to be called up in
the night, for she had felt herself so much

exhausted by the pain, that she seemed to be-
lieve her end to be approaching. When her
sister arrived, she addressed her thus : " Let
me kiss thee, my dear sister ;" then musing,
added, " Canst thou give me up ?" Ij^fsister
expressed her hope of submitting to the will
of Providence ; and Mary replied, " But thou
should do it cheerfully." On First-day evening,
after a day of great suffering, she said, ' I am
now only waiting the will of the Lord ;" but a
sense of her close was not yet given to her, for,
after a pause, she added, " 1 do not know but
1 shall get better yet."

The Third-day following, she was very quiet
and composed, and she desired to have some of
the Scripture read. This had not been done
for some weeks, though it had been her own
daily practice, when in health. After this had
been done, she remarked, that it seemed to her
like First-day. " Indeed," said she, " it has
been to me a Sabbath, a holy day of rest." In
the evening, she said, " When the pain has
been sometimes so great, as to make nie sweat
to a great degree ; then I have thought my suf-
ferings, though great, were nothing in com-
parison of sweating great drops of blood,
through agony of mind."

At another time, she observed one of her
brothers to weep, and said to him, " Don't
grieve." Her brother then expressed his sym-
pathy, and his hope that she might be favoured
with a little ease : to which she answered, " It
is very kind. If it had not been for the pre-
sence of the Lord, my sufferings would have
been tenfold ; but he has been exceeding good
to me all throngli my illness."

Once, on a First-day, in the afternoon, after
having been very ill, she broke forth in sup-
plication, saying, " O Lord God Almighty,
permit nie this once to supplicate thy holy
name on behalf of my dear brothers and sis-
ters, both present and absent. Be pleased, O
Lord, to multiply their blessings. Feed them
with food convenient for them. Make them
as pillars in thine house. And my dear sis-
ter , be pleased to sanctify her afflic-
tions unto her. Grant her patience, O Lord.
Thou canst do all things according to thy
might. And if it be thy will, receive my
soul ; and grant me an easy passage into thy
heavenly kingdom. Thou knowest I love to
serve tliee above all things : and if I have
withheld any thing that is right, it has not
been through disobedience ; but for fear of
being loo forward." After some time, she
added, " I am glad I am thought worthy to
he taken from the troubles to come: for
they will be great, and I hope Friends will
stand fast."

The same evening she was assisted to get
out of bed, when she addressed several of her
relations, who were standing by, after this
manner : " You cannot think how easy this
illness has been made to me. The Lord has
been so good to me, that I have not even
thought the time long. I can't see my way
clear to heaven yet ; but I do not know that
any thing is in my way." A relation remark-
ing, that she hoped that there was nothing in
the way, but time, Mary replied, " I hope not.
If there was, 1 hope the Lord would make it
manifest, for he has been so kind to me."


After silting awliile in great coiiiposuie of

mind, she said, " The hind mourns, because of
great bloodshed. Lord, forgive them, for
they ^U)w not what they do."

Ay/fl this time one of her brothers, not
having been lately present, came to see her :
with which visit, though then she was very
ill, she appeared to be much pleased ; and
after expressing her gladness, she advised him
not to look at others for example, but In fol-
low the dictates [of Truth] in his own mind. A
wish for her recovery having been mentioned
by one of the company, she replied, " The
Lord is as able to raise me up now, as at the
beginning, if it be his will. If not, I hope he
will soon release me."

She continued about three weeks after this
in great quietness of mind ; and several times
signified she was only wailing to be released ;
being perfectly resigned to the will of Provi-
dence, which ever way her disorder might

Thus, being favoured to close her days in
great peace, on the 20lh of the Twelfth
month, 1799, and about the twenty-fourth
year of her age, she expired without a sigh.

For "The Friend.'

A work of much interest has recently a
peared in England under llie title of


of the Life and Gospel laboursof Samuel Foth-
ergill,with selections from his correspondence.
Also an ,\ccount of the Life and Travels of
his father John Folhergill ; and notices of
some of his descendants. By George Cros-
field." Supposing some portions of it would
be acceptable to the readers of " The Friend,"
I herewith transmit a few brief extracts. It
is well known that the unguarded and licen-
tious conduct of his son Samuel, had been the
source of much regret and anxiety to John
Folhergill, who, at the period when the former
was twenty years of age, was about departing
on a second religious visit to America. Allu-
ding to these circumstances, the work, above
mentioned, says: —

" Deeply afflicting to John Folhergill was
the past conduct of his son Samuel : the evil of
his ways, and his grievous departure from those
paths of truth and virtue, in which he had, by
long example, and often inculcated precept,
endeavoured to train all his children, caused
him much sorrow and distress. He was now
about to embark for a distant land, in the ser-
vice and cause of his Lord and JNfaster, and
the conviction that he was leaving behind him
a beloved son, for whose restoration and wel-
fare he had often put up his prayers, and yet
who had so deeply revolted from the law of
God, was as the wormwood and the gall —
bitter indeed to his soul. Memorable and
affecting was their last interview : after once
more imparting to his son deep and impressive
counsel, he took his leave in these words: —
' And now, son Samuel, farewell ! farewell —
and unless it be as a changed man, I cannot
say that I have any wish ever to see thee

" These parting expressions, this powerful
appeal from a father whom, notwithstanding


his disobedience, he still tenderly loved, utter-
ed during what might probably be the last
me they should meet in this life, together
wilh the awful solemnity and deep feeling with
which they were accompanied, produced a
strong impression upon Samuel Folhergill;
they remained as if engraven upon his heart,
and assisted to confirm and strengthen him in
the path of repentance and conversion upon
which he had entered, and which, happily for
him, he now experienced to be permanent.

" Thus, yielding to the powerful convictions
of Divine grace, and as the Spirit that con-
vinceth of sin, of righteousness and of judg-
ment, wrought in his heart, he came to feel
the terrors of the Lord for sin, and was made
willing to abide under his righteous judgment
because he had sinned, and so was brought
into a state of deep repentance ; and as a brand
plucked out of the burning, and as one awak-
ened from the sleep of death, in due time he
witnessed a deliverance from the bondage of
corruption, and a being created anew unto
holiness, the end whereof is eternal life,
through Jesus Christ our Lord."

During his father's absence the work of re-
formation continued. He had heard tidings
of the change in his son, yet he feared it would
prove transient. Meanwhile Samuel had ap-
peared in the ministry. The first meeting of
the father and son, after the return of the
former from his religious visit, is thus des-
scribed : —

" Soon after the return of John Folhergill
from his last visit to America, he went to the
Quarterly Meeting at York, which was large,
and attended by many Friends from different
parts of the nation. His company was very
acceptable ; and the occasion was, in a pecu-
liar degree, solemn and instructive.

" Here he met his son Samuel. Tradition
has handed down (and there is no other record
of it) a remarkable circumstance connected
with this, their first interview, since the re-
turn of the father to England. It is said that,
from some accidental circumstance, John
Folhergill did not arrive in York until the
morning of the day of the meeting, and that it
was late when he entered the meeting-house:
after a short period of silence he stood up,
and appeared in testimony; but after he had
proceeded a short lime, he stopped, and in-
formed the meeting that his way was closed ;
that what he had before him was taken away,
and was, he believed, given to another. He
resumed his seal ; and another Friend imme-
diately rose, and taking up the subject, en-
larged upon it in a weighty and impressive
testimony, delivered with great power. It is
added, that at the close of the meeting John
Folhergill inquired who the Friend was that
had been so remarkably engaged anioi
them, and was informed, that it was his own
son Samuel !

" Their thus meeting together, under
cumstances so difierent to those in which their
last memorable interview had taken place,
previous to John Fothergill's departure fro
England, was peculiarly moving and affecting
to them both. The son then in a state of
rebellion and alienation from good — now be-
come ' changed' indeed, and a fellow-labourer

ith his father in the ministry of the gospel,
powerfully advocating and enforcing those
real and solemn truths he had formerly ne-
lected and trodden down, and engaged ear-
nestly to beseech others to become, as he had
been, reconciled unto God.

The good old man received his son as one
restored from the spiritually dead, and wept
and rejoiced over him with no common joy."
It is added in a note by the editor: —
Several different versions of this meeting
between John Folhergill and his son are ex-
ant, and I have thought it best not to omit it.
The account here given 1 believe to be the
most correct."

Fame not necessary to Happiness. — High
renown can as little be the possession of many
as high station ; and if heaven had appropri-
ated happiness to it, it must have left almost
all mankind in misery. It has, in this as in
every other instance, dealt more equally with
those whom it has raised into glory, and those
whom it has left obscure. Each has appropri-
ate enjoynients ; and while guilt alone can be
miserable, it scarcely matters to virtue whether
it be known and happy or happy and unknown.
— Dr. Bi-oicn.

A Simple liemcdy. — We this week saw an
interesting lillle boy wiilhing under extreme
agony from the sling of a bee inflicted upon
him in the hay-field. After he had suffered
for some time, a small quantity of honey was
rubbed upon the almost imperceptible wound,
which so completely extracted the virus that
he became almost instantly free from paio,
and resumed his sports more joyously than
before, from the contrast between pain and
pleasure. In the absence of honey, treacle,
or probably sugar moistened with a drop or
two of water, would be found equally etfica-
cious. — Leeds Mercury.


Committee on Admissions. — John G. Hos-
kins. No. 60 Franklin street, and No. 50
North Fourth street, up stairs; L-aiah Hack-
er, No. 112 south Third street, and No. 32
Chestnut street; Samuel Beltle, jr.. No. 73
N. Tenth St. ; Charles Ellis, No. 95 S. Eighth
street, and No. 56 Chestnut street ; Benjamin
Albertson, No. 45 North Sixth street, and
No. 19 High street; Blakey Sharpless, No.
253 Pine street, and No. 50 North Fourth

Visiting Managers for the Month. — Jere-
miah Willits, No. 193 North Fifth street;
Jeremiah Hacker, No. 128 Spruce street;
Benjamin Albertson, No. 45 North Sixth

Svpcrintendents. — Philip Garrett and Su-
san Barton.

Attending Physician. — Dr. Charles Evans,
No. 201 Arch street.

Resident Physician. — Dr. Joshua H.


Seventh and Carpenter Street*.

^mn iFiBnissriD





Price two dollats per annum, payable in advance.

Subscriptions and Payments received bjr




On the Growth of Plants in Cities.

To persons deriving enjoyment from the
innocent occupation of cultivating plants and
flowers, the following article will supply some
hints which may add to their resources in that
line. It is from the I^ondon Mirror of last
year : —

What lover of nature is there who, pent up
in some close city, has not tried, over and
over again, to raise some flower to ornament
his dwelling. Look at the poor mechanic's
garret-window, and in a broken jug or half-rot-
ten box you will see some dead slumps of
wall-flower, or some yellow mignionette,

" The fragrant weed, the Frenchman's darling,"
looking as sickly as poverty and over-exertion
have made their owner. As you pass by the
window of a friend, you are startled by a bright
array of fresh-bought geraniums, (pelargoni-
ums,) beautiful to look upon. In a fortnight's
time you pass again, but the bright green has
gone into the " sere and yellow leaf."

Time after time is the experiment tried, and
always with the like result; but not necessa-
rily so: flowers may be grown in perfection
in the dirtiest part of this smoke-defiled city.
For a knowledge of this fact we are indebted

to Ward, to whose work " On the

Growth of Plants in closely-glazed cases," we
can refer those who wish for further informa-
tion on the matter than this article will con-
tain. Like many other valuable discoveries,
this was the result of accident. About twelve
years ago, Ward, after trying repeat-
edly to grow a number of ferns in London,
gave up the attempt in despair, but again had
his attention drawn to tlie matter by the fol-
lowing circumstance : — Buryino a chrysalis in
some moist mould in a covered bottle, he was
surprised to see a fern and a grass appear, and
continue to flourish. On pursuing the investi-
gation, he found that by planting ferns

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 136 of 154)