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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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cendency over the heart ; so that when the
subject of it falls in the eyes of the world, he
is only appearing openly to be what he has
long been in secret ; and the first wrong step
that he makes, instead of alarming him, and
occasioning his going aside to weep bitterly,
is only the prelude to a succession of others.

This is not the fall of one who is overtaken in
a fault ; but of one who is entangled in the
net of his own corruptions. One sin prepares
the way for another. Like the insect enfold-
ed in the spider's web, he loses all power of
xesistance, and falls a prey to the destroyer.
Some have fallen sacrifices to intemperance,
not by being overtaken in a single act of in-
toxication, but by contracting a habit of hard
drinking. First, it was indulged in private,
perhaps under some outward trouble, instead
of carrying it to the throne of Grace. In a
little time its demands increased. At length
it could no longer be kept a secret ; reason
was enslaved to sense, and the Christian pro-
fessor sunk below the man.

"Others have indulged in impurity. Inti-
macies which may have arisen from nothing
worse than a few improper familiarities ; yea,
which in some instances have originated in
religious attachments, through the corrupt
propensities of the human heart, which turns
every thing it touches into poison, have been
known to produce the most fatal efiects. Pas-
sions of this sort, once kindled, will soon pos-
sess all the soul. They leave no room for
any thing that should resist them ; not only
consuming every spiritual desire and holy
thought, but banishing from the mind even
the sober dictates of reason, reducing the most
exalted characters to the rank oi fools in Is-
rael. Near these rocks are seen many a float-
ing wreck ; and among these quicksands, num-
bers who once bid fair for the haven of ever-
lasting life."

Detection in individuals, leads to degener-
acy in religious bodies. In how many in-
stances have serious persons who were favour-
ed to see the nature of primitive Christianity,
and roused by a fervant zeal to bring about a
reformation, been the means in the Divine
hand to gather companies of sincere men and
women into the same faith and practice with
themselves. With what humility and arden-
cy of soul have they laboured to remove from
them every thing which they believed was
contrary to the Divine will, and the simplicity
and spiritual-niindedness required by the gos-
pel. Their lights shone brightly, and others
attracted by them were drawn into their fel-
lowship. While this state continued, they
were a strength and comfort to others, not of
their communion. But how generally have
euch religious bodies grown lukewarm — their
ardour relaxed — many practices tolerated
which the founders of the society disapproved
and bore a strong testimony against — the in-
tegrity, and simplicity, and zeal for the true
worship and honour of God decayed, and in-
Btead of this single-heartedness, ceremonies,
formal prayers and sermons, and instru-
mental music introduced, and the duties of
religion and soul-saving committed to a col-
lege-learned clergy — while the mass of the
members are immersing into the world and
the spirit of it. These things cause the ways
of Zion to mourn ; and the truly sincere-heart-
ed followers of Christ in the various denomi-
nations, are often sad at the view of these evi-
dences of declension, both among those of
their own profession and others. And when
men are slumbering over this slate of things.


as if it were of little moment, the enemy is
sowing tares : the young people are running
into fashionable or immoral society — con-
tracting habits reverse to the plain and sober
example of the holy men and women of old,
or the early founders of their religious com-
munity — and from these improper courses it
will be ditficult to reclaim them. After a good
hedge is erected, with close and diligent
watching, it may be kept up, and the Hock
preserved ; but if once, through negligence
and indifference, it is suffered to be broken
down, not only will it be impracticable to keep
out the destroyer, and to keep the flock in,
but it will be found hard work to repair the
breaches. It is sorrowful to observe any
Christian society upon the decline — parting
with their deep and heartfelt concern to live
the life of the righteous — to show forth the
praises of Him who called them to glory and
to virtue — throwing off their gravity and selt-
denial, and becoming light and frivolous, and
running with the multitude in the foolish fash-
ions and dissipations and amusements of a vain
world. All the spiritual and united strength
of the sincere believersof every denomination
is now needed, to stem the torrent of corrup-
tion, and of degeneracy from primitive doc-
trine and practice, which is sweeping through
Christendom. T.

For" The Friend."

A portion of the correspondence between
.lohn Churchman and Samuel Fothergill,
taken from the Memoirs of the latter, is
herewith forwarded for insertion in " Thi
Friend." The caution of John Churchman
respecting a premature disclosure of religious
concerns seems peculiarly appropriate ; and
each of the letters is well worthy of an atten-
tive perusal. T.

John Churchman to Samuel Fothergill.
Moate, Eighth mo. 13lh, 1752.

When, by the secret touches of Truth, we
are made to feel and know each other, though
to the outward entire strangers, there is a
foundation of friendship laid which is not
easily erased ; 'tis hereby we know ourselves
to be members one of another, and cannot
help at times remembering each other, in the
participation of the true communion ; and the
humble address of our souls is, that ourselves
and our brethren may be preserved pure, and,
as worthy communicants, presented before the
holy table, cleansed from the spots of the
world, and all the crooked wrinkles of self.
We then have no thought of asking dignities
for ourselves, or for one another, as to sit on
the right hand or on the left, but to be pre-
served in innocency, and to have our names
written, yea, recorded, in the Lamb's book of
life ; an inheritance to such is sure in life eter-
nal, if they continue faithful unto death.

When we are humbled before our great
Master, in a sense that his love is lengthened
out to his church and people, we are made
willing to follow him in the way of our own
duty whithersoever he leads us; and good it
is to mind our own business properly, without
thinking ourselves too much alone in the


work of the Lord, and others too negligent ;
or inquiring too busily into the gifts of one,
or be too much concerned what another shall
do. These dispositions seem to be gently both
reprehended and instructed by our Lord, in his
answers to well-meaning Martha, when she
said, " Bid her that she help me," and to Pe-
ter, on his query, " What shall this man do?"

But when the baptizing virtue and power of
Truth overshadows our souls, we cannot help
desiring that the people may keep their ranks,
and, in sanctification of both body and spirit,
stand prepared that the Lord may choose and
instruct, gift and qualify, judges, counsellors,
rulers and chiefs, both in the ministry of the
word, and the discipline of his church.

I liave been confined to my room for more
than ten days, by reason of a great cold, taken,
I suppose, in the north, in damp houses, and
cold beds; but, through the tender mercy of
kind Providence, am in a fair way of recovery.
The respite from travelling and immediate
exercise has been as a rest to my spirit, which
has been preserved resigned, and mostly
quiet. I have often sought to know mine own
imperfections ; and have been favoured with a
sight of several things concerning myself and
my brethren engaged in the work of the min-
istry, ftlethouglit I had a renewed glimpse of
the holy attire with which the attendants at
the holy altar should peipetually stand array-
ed ; the vestments are holy ; the garments
clothe the spirit, and the adorning is beautiful,
and never waxes old ; it is girt about the loins
of the new man, and loosely laid aside when
immediate service seems over; it is bound in
the heart, and coupled in the soul. Oh ! let
this Urim and Thummim be forever with the
Holy One, and by him renewed to his chil-

Dear Samuel, the near sympathy which
arose at first sight, and silent salutation that
made the inward birth move, has often been
brought to my remembrance, and, pursuant to
the solemn covenant between us, soon after
our first acquaintance, in thy brother John's
little parlour, 1 have found a great freedom to
act towards thee as an unreserved, open-
hearted friend, and shall therefore add a little
further. In a feeling sense of Divine goodness
my soul has been humbled on thy account,
that the Lord, in the riches of his sure mer-
cies, did vouchsafe to pluck thee from the
fire, and quench the darts that were shot at
thy soul, and by lifting thine eyes to himself,
healed thy wounds, and chose thee as a vessel
for his use, and for an instrument to publish
his name, and proclaim his light and salvation
to the Gentiles ; and it sprang in my heart in
much brotherly affection, to say. Prize thy
privilege, mind thy calling, for it is high and
holy ; watch against the world, that it do not
clog thee ; with the spirit thereof be not too
familiar ; there are that pretend to be children
of the Light, who are lying in wait to gain
the friendship of those whom the Lord, by the
indwelling of his word, has made as a flame,
against those who reside in the mount of
Esau ; and coals from their mouths have
kindled in the hidden treasure of these world-
lings and libertines, and began to burn in their
hearts, and they have sought the friendship of

384 ______„^ .

such, and sometimes, when gained, they have
valued themselves, and have smothered the
fire, and continued in their corruptions.

Oh ! the awful authority ; the becoming
sweetness; the instructive mien; the beseem-
ing gestures with which Truth arrays her
votaries, far surpassing all our modern polite
and worldly-genteel airs. With a salutation
of love, thy real friend.

John Chukchman.

Samuel Foihergill to John Churchman.
VVarringlon, 1753.
Thine of the 14th, I this morning received,
and hasten to tell thee, I wanted much to
know, where thou wast, that I might send thee
a short salutation of love unfeigned, which has
often, and of late more daily, lived in and
flowed forth of my heart towards thee. I re-
ceived thy acceptable, profitable letter from
Moate, which 1 acknowledged soon after,
which probably came not to thy hand ; if it
did not, the loss is trivial to thee, though im-
portant to me, as it has probably deprived me
of some further indication of thy regard and
good desires for me. I am humbly and re-
verently thankful, in that I feel the unity of
the brotherhood ; it is very dear to me. I am
and have been, in a low, humbling dispensa^
lion, in which that union has been almost my
sole evidence and mark that I was not far out
of my way.

1 desire to accept, at the heavenly Father
hand, my portion ; I know it is, and will be
right, and in due season, though I may some-
times almost murmur and repine, yet that adds
to my anxiety. I have had some weighty
hints, for years, about a piece of labour, which
makes me tremble ; and, in short, my way to
true settlement seems to lie through thy coun-
try. I now stand resigned, and only beg,— Put
forth, and go before me, O Israel's Shep-
herd, and I will follow in thy strength !— be-
lieving in the all-sufficiency of a never-falling

I am sensibly touched with thy observation
of making poor wages in Ireland. Alas ! my
friend, can we expect to flow with wealth
when the church is in poverty, and the priests
of Zion in heaviness ! our sympathy will lead
us to mourn, and our heads will be covered
with ashes instead of crowns. The ministers
of our Lord cannot expect to be above their
Lord ; he was crowned with thorns for us,
and so must we be for his visited seed. But
this thou knows better than I, though I am
not destitute of some experience, which, I
bless the God of my life, I find to increase and
flow from patience in tribulation.

Assure thyself, my dear friend, thy corres
pondence is to me very grateful and profitable
and when the cords of Divine love draw thy
mind towards me, bo open in counsel, admoni-
tion, or reproof; I want such friends, and
value them very greatly. Accept the saluta-
tion of dear love, in the fresh renewings of
quickening virtue, which reaches freely forth
to all the servants of Christ, as a Divine odour,
for which the true virgins love him — from thy
friend and brother in the labour and suffering
of and for the gospel, •

Samuel Fotiiergili..


John Churchman to Samvd Fothergill.
Woodhousc, Third mo. 17th, 17o3.

It was very reviving to me to receive those
few lines from thee, for I think the remem-
brance and love of the brethren seems more
and more precious to me, though 1 think that
I grow but slowly in my passage from death
to life. Those few hints that thou givest, that
thy road to a true settlement leads through
our country, are no way unpleasant to me, and
are safe in the bosom of thy friend ; yet I can
hardly help saying. Hide it as a precious seed
or root in thy garden, as much as may be. I
have seen the growth of choice things retard-
ed, by opening the earth to show others what
seed or root has been there planted ; but if
they are let alone, and not trod too much upon
by man or beast, in due time they sprout and
break forth with beauty and strength.

I do not expect to return before 1754; if I
should live to see that happy day, with the
smiles of my Master, to have one, like flesh
and bone of one's flesh and bone, for an inti-
mate in a moving jail, (to which I must be com-
mitted before I can be proclaimed free in my
native air,) affords a contemplative delight not
easy to express.

John Chukchman.


The following recipe has been published
under strong recommendations: — Take six
pounds of sugar to one peck (or sixteen pounds)
of the fruit. Scald and remove the skin of
the fruit in the usual way. Cook them over
a fire, their own juice being sufficient without
the addition of water, until the sugar pene-
trates, and they are clarified. They are then
taken out, spread on dishes, flattened and dried
in the sun. A small quantity of the syrup
should be occasionally sprinkled over them
whilst drying ; after which, pack them down
in boxes, treating each layer with powdered
sugar. The syrup is afterwards concentrated
and bottled for use. They keep well from
year to year, and retain surprisingly their
flavour, which is nearly that of the best quality
of fresh figs I The pear shaped or single to-
matoes answer the purpose best. Ordinary
brown sugar may be used, a large portion of
which is retained in the syrup.


sylvania. New Jersey, and the Northern and
Western Slates." So that this portion of it
is adapted to the every-day reference of
Friends in nearly all the Yearly Meetings on
this continent.

Those who have often mourned over, and
in some cases been disgusted with, the trifling
and impure reading to be tbund in the widely-
spread Almanacs that abound, — filled with
pictures to make the vulgar laugh, and futile
attempts at wit, whose only point is often their
impurity — have now an opportunity of doing
their respective neighbourhoods an important
service, by encouraging the circulation of a
publication not only well ada[)ted to do good in
itself, but to be of incalculable advantage in
shutting out pernicious reading. The publi-
cation of this Almanac we look upon to be a
most happy auxiliary to the excellent Tracts
of the Association.

In the Hibernia steamer, which arrived at
Boston on Filth-day evening, the 17th instant,
came our Friends John Pease, Isabel Casson,
and Rachel Priestman. They landed on Sixth-
day morning.


Information being received that some of our
subscribers in England have not yet received
the title page and index to vol. 15, we now
slate that if on application to Thomas Hodg-
son, Liverpool, to whom the requisite supply
was sent in Tenth month last, the deficiency
is not supplied, such subscribers will please
apply to Charles Gilpin, 5 Bishopsgate with-
out, London, who now furnishes our paper to
subscribers in Great Britain and Ireland.


Charles Atherton, in prospect of removal
from Burlington, N. J., having resigned the
agency for this journal, William W. King is
appointed in his place.


Subscribers who have usually been called
upon by a collector for their annual payments,
are earnestly requested now to call and pay at
the office.



The Tract Association of Friends have issu-
ed their Almanac for the year 1844. It may
be obtained at their Depository, No. 50 North
Fourth street. This publication has lost none
of the excellence for which it has claimed our
favourable notice on former occasions, viz.,
the interesting and profitable reading matter
it contains. The present impression is pre-
pared for greater usefulness than any of the
preceding ones ; the Association having gone
to the expense of having its Calendar " calcu-
lated for the latitude and meridian of Penn-

DiED, on the evening of the 25lh of Seventh month
lasl, near Lcesburgh, Highland county, Ohio, Lewis,
second son of VViUiam and Grace Pope, in the twenty,
third year of his age. For two or three years he had
been in feeble health, but could generally travel, visit,
and attend to business in some degree ; but a short time
before his close he grew worse ; and for a few days pre-
vious to that event, his sutferings were great ; yet he
endured his afflictions whhout a murmur, and seemed
perfectly resigned to the will of his Creator.— He pos-
sesscd an amiable disposition, which endeared him to a
large circle of acquaintances and friends ; indeed, he
was beloved by all who knew him. As a child he was
kind and obedient to his parents, being careful not to
wound their feelings by disobeying their wishes.

A friend conversed with him a few hours before his
death, with reference to his future state. He said, " I
am willing to die; and have an evidence that I am go-
ing to rest ; and hope we shall all meet in heaven."

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.




NO. 49.



Price Itoo dollar t per annum, payable in advance.

Subscri(ltions and Payments received by




A Brief Statement of the Rise and Progress of
the Testimony of the lieligious Society of
Friends, against Slavery and the Slave-

At a Yearly Meeting held in Pliiladelplila, by adjourn.
ment3,frum the 17lh of ihe Fourth month to lhe22d
of the same, inclusive, 1843.

A history of the rise and spread of a reli-
gious concern among Friends in this country,
on account of holding their fellow-men in
bondage, and showing its progress in meet-
ings and among the members, until slavery
was abolished within the Society, by the per-
severing efforts of indefatigable labourers,
having been prepared by the Meeting for Suf-
ferings, it was read and approved ; and that
meeting directed to have such an edition
printed as they may deem expedient ; and
circulate the work among our members and

E.Ytracted from the minutes.

William Evans,
Clerk to the meeting this year.


It was intended to include in the following
pages an account of the labours of Friends, in
all the Yearly Meetings where slavery once
existed, to induce the members to set their
slaves free ; and letters were accordingly ad-
dressed with a view of procuring the informa-
tion necessary for drawing up such a sketch.
From two of the Yearly Meetings, however,
the information could not be obtained ; as the
documents in relation to the subject were so
circumstanced, as not to be readily accessiblei
It is believed, however, that the means used
in the limits of those meetings to convince the
understandings of the members, of the iniquity
of slave-holding, and to induce thein to give
the negro the enjoyment of his natural right
to liberty, were essentially the same as those
detailed in the subsequent narrative.

It is obvious, that in so brief a space as this
essay affords, a very imperfect view of the
arduous and unwearied labours of the Society
in the cause of freedom could be given ; but
perhaps enough is said to show the benefit of
patient, persevering labour, under the influ.

ence of gospel love, in checking, and finally
eradicating an evil, which long-established
custom had sanctioned, and which was inter-
woven with all the social relations, and with
the strongest feelings of self-interest. Should
it happily be the means of inciting others to
pursue the same course in reference to sla-
very, the object of its publication will be ob-

A Brief Statement, ^c.

It having pleased the Great Head of the
church to enlighten the minds of some of our
early Friends to see the iniquity of holding
their fellow-men in bondage, at a time when
many of our members were themselves slave-
holders; and the Society of Friends having
been, through faithfulness, favoured to clear
itself of that opprobium of the Christian world,
we have thought that a narrative of the steps
by which this reformation was effected, would
be both strengthening to those who, beinc
slave-holders, feel the awfulness of their res-
ponsibility ; and encouraging to all as an ex-
ample of patient perseverance in bearing a
faithful testimony in the meekness and gentle- j
ness of the gospel, against the evils which are
in the world.

At the time when the Society of Friends
arose, there were great numbers of slaves in
Ihe British possessions, more especially in the
West Indies, Virginia and tlie Carolinas.
Many of their owners were among the early
converts Ic our Society, and Friends who had
emigrated thither from England, fell into the
custom and purchased slaves.

We learn this from the earnest exhortations
of George Fox and his fellow-labourers to
Friends to treat their slaves with Christian
care and humanity, and to prepare them for

Such was the counsel given by George
Fox to Friends in Barbadoes in 1671.

" Respecting their negroes, I desired them,"
says he in his journal, " to endeavour to train
them up in the fear of God, as well those
hat were bought with their money, as them
hat were born in their families, that all might
come to the knowledge of the Lord ; that so
with Joshua every master of a family might
say, ' As for me and my house we will serve
the Lord.' I desired also that they would
cause their overseers to deal mildly and gently
with their negroes, and not use cruelty tow-
ards them as the manner of some hath been
and is; and that after certain years of servi-
tude they should make them free."

In a public discourse spoken in that island,
le bears the following remarkable testimony:
' let me tell you it will doubtless be very ac-
ceptable to the Lord, if so be that masters of
families here,- would deal so with their ser-

vants, the negroes and blacks whom they have
bought with their money, [as] to let them go
free after they have served faithfully a con-
siderable term of years, be it thirty years
after, more or less, and when they go and
are made free, let them not go away empty

George Fox visited that island in company
with William Edmundson, and their earnest
labours with the masters on behalf of the
slaves, gave rise to a report that they were
exciting the latter to revolt ; a report which
George Fox promptly pronounced to be a
wicked slander. Four years afterwards, Wil-
liam Edmundson again visited the island ; and
the same slanders being revived, he was takea
before the governor, as appears by his jour-

It was probably during this second visit that
he addressed an Epistle to Friends of Mary-
land, Virginia, and other parts of America,
which contains the following passage : " And
must not negroes feel and partake the liberty
of the gospel, that they may be won to the
gospel? Is there no year of jubilee for them?
Did not God make us all of one mould? And
did not Jesus Christ shed his blood for us all?

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 142 of 154)