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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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moral, unjust, and reproachfiil conduct.

" And having deliberately weighed and
considered that many slaves are possessed and
detained in bondage by divers members of our
religious Society, towards whom labour has
been extended ; but being apprehensive that a
Christian duty has not been so fully discharged
to them as their various circumstances appear
to require;

" Vie think it expedient that the Quarterly
Meetings should be earnestly advised and
enjoined, to unite with their respective Month-
ly Meetings, in a speedy and close labour with
such members ; and where it shall appear
that any, from views of temporal gain, cannot
be prevailed with to release from captivity
such slaves as shall be found suitable for liber-
ty, but detain them in bondage, without sucL
reasons as shall be sufficient and satisfactory;
the cases of such should be brought forward
to the next Yearly Meeting for consideration,
and such further directions as may bo judged
expedient. And in the mean time, we think
those persons ought not to be employed in the
service of Truth.

" And having grounds to conclude that there
are some brethren who have these poor cap
lives under their care, and are desirous to be
wisely directed in the restoring them to liber
ty ; Friends who may be appointed by Quar
terly and Monthly Meetings on the servicJ
now proposed, are earnestly desired to give
their weighty and solid attention for the assist-
ance of such who are thus honestly and rel'
giously concerned for their own relief, and the
essential benefit of the negro. And in such
families where there are young ones, or others
of suitable age, that they excite the masters
or those who have them, to give them suffi'



cient instruction and learning, in order to
qualify them for the enjuyment of the liberty
intended, and that they be instructed by them-
selves, or placed out to such masters and mis-
tresses who will be careful of their religious
education, to serve for such time, and no lung-
er, as is prescribed by law and custom, for
white people.

" And understanding that some members of
our religious Society, through inattention, and
others from different motives, have been in-
duced to be concerned in hiring slaves on
wages ; such should be incited to consider,
that this practice manifestly contributes to
promote the unrighteous traffic we are desi-
rous to suppress ; and therefore they should be
advised and admonished against being thus
accessory to promoting it.

" Also that all Friends be cautioned and
advised against acting as executors or ad-
ministrators to such estates where slaves are
bequeathed, or likely to be detained in bond-
age.

" And we are of the mind, that where any
member has been heretofore so far excluded
from religious fellowship, as the minute of
this meeting, in the year 1758, gives authori-
ty ; nevertheless, in case of further disorderly
conduct, that they be treated with agreeable
to our discipline."

In the following year, C1775,) the increas-
ing concern of the meeting displayed itself in
the following minute.

" On considering the progress made by the
Quarterly and Monthly Meetings, in promo-
ting our testimony against keeping of slaves in
bondage ; it is satisfactory to observe, that by
the labour therein since last year, a consider-
able number has been restored to liberty, and
that Friends manifest a concern for further
proceeding in this weighty service. This
meeting, impressed with an earnest desire that
it may be completed, and the church relieved
from the grievous burden under which we
have long laboured, again recommends, that
the united care and endeavours of Friends may
be continued for perfecting it, agreeable to
our solid sense and judgment, given and en-
joined on the Quarterly and Monthly Meet-
ings concerning it last year.

" And where any members manifest such a
disregard to common justice, as to oppose and
reject this Christian labour of their brethren,
and Friends apprehend they have fully dis-
charged their duty to them, that the particu-
lar circumstance of such cases be brought to
this meeting, pursuant to the directions given
in our minute of last year; as likewise such
other cases which may be attended with so
great difficulty, as to require the further ad-
vice and judgment of the body thereon.

" And in order further to manifest our
Christian care and regard to such of those
poor people who have been restored to free-
dom, it is desired that a benevolent care may
be exercised by Friends in their respective
places, to assist and advise them, as their
circumstances and stations in life may re-
quire, both for their spiritual and temporal
good."

(To be continued.)



Ihe Hen and Kittens — An Extraordinary
Fact. — A few weeks ago, 1 was at the resi-
dence of Barney, p.istor of the Congre-

guliuiial chuich in Seekonk, R. I. He invited
me into a little shed, and there showed me a
very extraordinary circumstance. It was a
hen bringing up a litter of four kittens. la
all lespecls, so far as they could receive it, she
gave them the same attentions as she would
her own brood. She scratched vermin and
other things for them; called them to par-
take ; she clucked fur and brooded over them,
night and day, as they had need. It is true,
they could not enjoy the food thus offered for
them, neither could they follow her in her
wanderings as chickens would do.

The little things lived as do other kittens,
by sucking their real mother puss. They
obtained this privilege by the assistance of
friends, or in the occasional absence of the
hen. When the hen was present, puss could
not come nigh her kittens, for though she was
much stronger than the hen, yet she shrunk,
as many larger animals do, from her noisy
threats. Occasionally, in the absence of the
hen, puss would come and steal her kittens,
and carry them by the neck to another place,
to oversee them herself. But very soon the
hen would find then), and take possession of
them as before.

You are doubtless all inquiring how this
happened. I asked the same question, and
was told, that puss had her nest near the hen
while she was sitting upon her Qwn eggs.
When the cat first left her kittens alone, the
hen hearing their infant voices, probably sup-
posed them to be her own. She therefore left
the nest, with her eggs unhatched, and took
possession of the nest of kittens. Having first
pitied, she next lored them, and continued to
watch for their welfare. — Lale Paper.



Interesting Fact. — There is at present in
the possession of an individual in this place a
male canary, of about fifteen years of age, that
is unable to feed itself, and to whose musical
powers. Father Time has put a complete
stop. On the floor, but in a separate apart-
ment is another male canary, a son of the
aged bird. This j'oung one, being allowed
to leave his cage early in the morning, and fly
about at pleasure, is in the practice of visiting
his old friend, and kindly feeding him as birds
(eed their young ; and this he does several
times in the course of the day. He also
perches on the cage of his progenitor, and
sings with great spirit, no doubt to cheer up
his old relative in his declining days. The
old bird has a particular way of calling on
this prop of his old age, when he requires his
services, which are always given and received
with mutual satisfaction. — Aberdeen Herald.



Curious Facts. — Two curious philosophical
facts are stated on the authority of the fore-
man of the ropewalk in Ihe navy-yard at
Charlestown. One is, that if you heat tar,
such as they use for their cables, 100 degrees
above boiling heat, you may dip your hand in
it with the greatest impunity, and they are in



THE t'ttlEND.



403



the constant habit of doing so. The other is,
that the ieathein straps coming froni the en-
gine and working the machinery are highly
charged with electricity. By standing upon
a nonconducting body, and holding the tingers
over the straps pretty close, you become
charged with the electric fluid, and can give
out sparks as from the electrifying machine.

For " The Friend."
JEXHORTATIOX AND WARNING.

From a belief that a portion of " The
Friend" might be profitably occupied in revi-
ving the following impressive " exhortation
and warning to all Friends," it is offered for
insertion ; being taken from George Fox's
Journal, pages bii6 and 637, last Philadelphia
edition.

While I was in the city, (London,) I had a
concern upon my spirit with respect to a two-
fold danger that attended some who professed
truth ; one was of young people's running into
the fashions of the world, and the other was of
old people's going into the earth. And that
concern coming now again weightily upon me,
I was moved to give forth the Ibllowing as a
reproof to such, and an exhortation and warn-
ing to all Friends to beware of and keep out
of those snares.

" To all that profess the truth of God.

" My desires are that you walk humbly in
it ; for when the Lord first called me foith, he
let me see that young people grew up togeth-
er in vanity and the fashions of the world, and
old people went downwards into the eartii,
raking it together; and to both these I was to
be a stranger. And now, Friends, I do see
too many young people that profess the truth
grow up into the fashions of the world, and
too many parents indulge them ; and amongst
the elder some are declining downwjirds and
raking after the earth. Therefore, take heed
that you are not making your graves while
you are alive outwardly, and loading your-
selves with thick clay. llab. ii. 6. For if you
have not power over the earthly spirit, and that
which leadeth into a vain mind, and the fash-
ions of the world, and into the earth ; though
you have often had the rain fall upon your
fields, you will but bring forth thistles, briers,
and thorns, which are for the fire. Such will
become brittle, peevish, fretful spirits, that
will not abide the heavenly doctrine, the ad-
monitions, exhortations, and reproofs of the
Holy Ghost, or heavenly Spirit of God ; which
would bring you to be conformable to the death
of Christ, and to his image, that ye might
have fellowship with him in his resurrection.
Therefore, it is good for all to bow to the
name of Jesus, their Saviour, that all may con-
fess him to the glory of God the Father. For
I have had a concern upon me, in a sense of
the danger of young people's going into the
fashions of the world, and old people's going
into the earth, and many going into a loose
and false liberty, till at last they go quite out
into the spirit of the world as some hare done.
The house of such hath been built upon the
sand on the sea-shore, not upon Christ the
Rock ; that are so soon in the world again,
under a pretence of liberty of conscience. But



it is not a pure conscience, nor in the Spirit
of God, nor in Christ Jesus; for in the liberty
in the Spirit there is the unity, which is the
bond of peace ; and all are one in Christ
Jesus, in whom is the true liberty : and this
is not of the world, for he is not of the
world. Therefore, all are to stand fiist in
him, as they have received him ; for in
him there is peace, who is the Prince of
Peace, but in the world there is trouble. For
the spirit of the world is a troublesome spirit,
but the Spirit of Christ is a peaceable Spirit :
in which God Almighty preserve all the faith-
ful, Amen. G. F.
" Gouees, the let of the Second mo., 16.(0."

For ■• The Friend."
THE WAR PRA\ ER.

Casting my eye over a newspaper last week,
I was artbcted with surprise and sorrow by ob-
serving that at the late launch of the frigate
Princeton, William Suddards, called an Epis-
copal minister, attended, and "just before the
vessel was given to the waters," " offered up
to the throne of grace," to use the words of
the narrative, an " eloquent and approprialt
prayer."

It is the first time within my knowledge,
that a vessel designed for carrying on tlie
horrid business of war, and destroying the be-
ings whom our heavenly Father created in his
own image, and whom our blessed Lord suf-
fered and died to save, has been ushered into
her element with prayer for the divine bless-
ing upon her. What prayer could be appro-
priate to such an occasion it is hard to con-
ceive, unless it was that the vessel might never
be engaged in the unchristian and diabolical
business for which she was built; and that it
would please the Almighty to open the eyes
of professing Christians to see the inconsis-
tency of war with the religion of him who
came to save men's lives and not to destroy
them, and who commands all his followers to
love their enemies instead of killing them.

When we remember that all mankind are
children of the same kind and beneficent Fa-
ther in heaven, and equally precious in his
sight — that he wills their happiness here and
hereafter, and that he is a God of love and of
mercy ; how must his holy and benign nature
regard the prayers of one of the creatures he
has made, asking him to bless — to " guard"
and to " preserve" a vessel built and fitted out
to torture, mangle and destroy others of those
creatures whom he created for a purpose of
his own glory ? Can we believe that the God
of love and goodness would receive such pray-
er or regard it with approbation ?

The coming of the blessed Saviour and Re-
deemer of men was ushered in by the anthem
of" Peace on earth — good will to men." His
whole life was one continued effort to relieve
the miseries and promote the happiness of
mankind. His bitter enemies no less than his
devoted friends partook of his benevolence ;
and when enduring the inconceivable agonies
of a most cruel and ignominious death for
their sakes, he breathed forth the divine lan-
guage, " Father forgive them for they know
not what they do."

He not only declared, " My kingdom is not



of this world else would my servants fight"—
plainly intimating that it was unlawful for hia
followers to go to war — but when contrasting
the law of retaliation, as presented in the Jew-
ish code, with the precepts of his gospel, he
completely precludes the indulgence of every
feeling in which, the disposition or desire to
injure a fellow creature could originate; and
thus eflectually forbids the barbarous and in-
human practice of war. — " Ye have heard that
it hath been said an eye for an eye and a tooth
for a tooth : but I say unto you that ye resist
not evil ; but whosoever shall smite thee on
thy right cheek turn to him the other also:"
" Ye have heard that it hath been said thou
shall love thy neighbour and hate thine ene-
my ; but 1 say unto you lote your enemies,
bless them that curse you, do good to thenj
that hate you, and pray for them which des-
piiefuUy use you and persecute you, that ye
may be the children of your Father which is
in heaven ; for he maketh his sun to rise on
the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on
the just and on the unjust."

Such are the plain precepts of the religion
of our Lord Jesus Christ ; and when we con-
template the dreadful scenes of war — the
fierce and revengeful passions which rage in
the breasts of the combatants — the mangled
limbs — the torn and dismembered bodies — the
groans and sufferings of the wounded and dy-
ing — the awful destruction of human life — the
immortal souls hurried unprepared into eter-
nity, breathing strife and vengeance — the
wives who are left destitute widows, and the
innocent children deprived by this cruel
scourge of the support and protection of a
father, and cast upon the wide world, helpless
orphans; and with all this think of a professed
minister of the Gospel of Jesus, the blessed
Prince of Peace, kneeling down, spreading
forth his hands, and deliberately asking the
Almighty to bless and guard by his gracious
providence, a vessel built for this work of
wickedness — to torture, mangle and destroy
his creatures, to afflict the widow and the fa-
therless and send up their mournful cry before
his throne ; can we avoid being filled with
wonder and with sorrow at so great an incon-
sistency !

" May the vessel now to be launched," says
the prayer, " he guarded by thy gracious
Providence and care. May it not bear the
sword in vain, but as the minister of God, be
a terror to those who do evil, and a defence
and praise to those who do well. Preserve it,
if in accordance with thy will, from the sun-
ken rock, the yawning gulph, and the consum-
ing flame, that with honour it may come to a
green old age, unneeded by the necessities of
war, and respected in a season of unbroken
peace."

" Remember in thy mercy both ar/ns of our
national defence" &c.

The apostle James asks, " Whence come
wars and fightings? Come they not hence,
even of your lusts which war in your mem-
bers?" And dare a Christian man ask that
infinite and holy Being " who is of purer eyes
than to behold iniquity," to bless, and guard,
and protect the means of carrying on a prac-
tice which has its origin in these sinful propen-



404



THE FRIEND.



silies ; and which is itself o system of gross
and multiforni wickedness, unsurpassed per-
haps in the whole range of human depravity !
Well may we say with hlushing and confusion
efface, "Tell il not in Gath, puhhsh il not in
the streets of Askelon," lest the heathen re-
joice and the infidel triumph.

For " The rrieiid.-
I'l'SEVISM.

(Contijuiod from page 400.)

It is due to the writers of the Tracts to state,
that they wholly disclaim the promulgation of
any new doctrines, as well as the attempt to
put a new face upon episcopalianism ; and
affirm that they are but presenting it to their
readers in the dress which it wore in earlier
and better days, before it had been disguised
by modern corruptions. In proof of this asser-
tion, they adduce the testimony of a large
number of episcopalian writers in the last and
preceding centuries, including many of the
bishops and other clerical persons. The quo-
tations which they give, certainly bear the
appearance of supporting the extraordinary
notions which are advanced in the Tracts and
other productions of the same writers ; and, if
admitted to be of authority, which it seems
they are, stamp a character upon episcopacy,
very diflerent from that which it has borne of
modem times, and different too from what we
apprehend many of its professors suppose it to
be. It is not however to be wondered if those
who separated from the see of Rome, under
Henry Eighth, familiar as they had long
been with the corruptions both in doctrine and
practice, which so fearfully abounded within
her borders, should have retained many of
them which the dawning light of the Reforma-
tion was not sufficient fully to disclose. This
is the natural course of things. The human
mind does not suddenly change, in reference
to long cherished opinions and practices,
around which its hopes have been wont to
cluster, and which have acquired a powerful
religious influence through the medium of
church authority. We see in the case of the
apostles themselves, how difficult it was to give
up the idea that their Lord had come to set
up a temporal kingdom, or to quit their hold
of the Jewish ceremonies, such ascircumcision,
the passover, ablutions with water, &c., and
to receive the gospel in the purity and spiritu-
ality which its Divine Author has indelibly
stamped upon it. We cannot wonder then, if
Ridley, and Cranmer, and Hooper, and others
of those times, who had been brought up at
the feet of the Romish see, and who loved and
venerated her, should adhere to her in many
things, which the increased light now shed
upon the world, enables us to see are depar-
tures from the purity of the gospel dispen-
sation.

Reformation is of necessity a progressive
work. " The brightness of meridian day
bursts not at once upon the world, 'i'here is
a gradual increase of light, from its earliest
dawn, until it reaches its fullest splendour, yet
the feeblest ray wliich first darts through the
thick darkness, is the same in nature with the
most luminous blaze. It makes manifest those



things which the Divine controversy is against
and leads back to the slate of gospel sinipli'
city and purity from which the visible church
has lapsed. And although the light may not
be sufficiently clear to discover all the corrup
tions, nor the stale of the church, such as to
bear their removal at once; yet those h



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 149 of 154)