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ders, and indeed ministers too, who, some of
them, in time past were zealously concerned
to stand as watchmen upon the walls of Zion,
and not only to give warning, but have them-
selves, for a time, helped also to keep out the
enemy. But, alas! for want of due watchful-
ness, and giving ground by little and little,
another spirit has entered them, whereby they
hare grown indifferent, cold, and lukewarm,
and have in great measure quitted their post,
and their companions, and have left the bur-
then the greater upon their brethren that
could not do the same for Truth's sake. And
then the load became too heavy for them, and
they could not stop the torrent which the
others had let in, while yet these easy ones
stood unconcerned at the sight, and have let
things go as they will, for them. Surely such
as these will have a dreadful account to make
in the end, and far more dreadful than such
as never knew the Truth, or the power of it.

The consideration of these things, (more or
less apparent in most places,) has often wound-
ed my drooping spirit, even to the affecting
my poor weak body. And this great declen-
sion is very much owing also to the want of
stretching the line of justice and judgment in
due time upon offenders, in the way of church
discipline, which was left us by our first wor-
thy elders ; and the same spirit that led them
to it in the beginning, would lead us to it now,
if we all were truly led by it. But, oh ! these
easy and careless watchmen will tell us, they
must not over-drive the flock, but must per-
suade and gain the lukewarm by love and soft-
ness. And by their smoothing and daubing
with untempered mortar so long, and keeping
off" and fending the stroke of discipline from
taking hold of these unruly ones, either in their
families or others, (as Truth would lead to,)
in thfe end they have grown so strong and nu-
merous, that they are past persuading, bend-
ing, or ruling ; and then, in a stout and sturdy
spirit, they will tell us, they will be convinced
of this, that, or the other thing (which the
testimony of Truth has gone out against,) be-
fore they will leave it ofl^, or do otherwise.
And this has been the effect of this lukewarm,
indulgent, and smoothing spirit ; whereas, if
in the beginning the discipline of Truth had
been strictly kept to, I verily believe it had
been quite otherwise than it is at this day in
most of the churches of Christ.

And, indeed, in the seeing and hearing the



examples of these lukewarm plders, even for
many years past, (when I was able to travel,)
I have made the application to myself, with
earnest desires in my soul, that it might never
be my own case, but that the Lord in his
mercy would keep and preserve me to the end
from that spirit which had prevailed upon
many that 1 far esteemed above myself, and
who had run well for a season, and for a long
season too, and also were very zealous for the
testimony of Truth in all its branches, and
yet, for want of due watchfulness, had not
continued zealous to the end. For we right
well know, that it is holding out to the end
that crowns all, and gives us an everlasting
inheritance in the kingdom of God. And it
will be our own fault if we attain not to it, for
the Lord has done his part; he has given us
a measure and gift of his Holy Spirit, that will
lead us to it, by which we may be preserved
'to the end.

But if, for want of inward watchfulness, we
neglect or go from it, then the adversary gets
ground, we are led astray by this enemy of
souls, and at last miss the crown. And there-
fore it was, that our blessed Lord, knowing
the aptness of our natures to frailty, says to
his own beloved disciples, watch, and pray
always, lest ye enter into temptation. This
was our first parent Adam's case, though cre-
ated in innocency ; for want of watchfulness,
notwithstanding the Lord had given him suffi-
cient power to keep his command, yet by not
obeying it, he therefore fell ; and likewise it
was for want of watchfulness that many very
great and good men of his posterity did miss
their way, and displeased the Lord ; as great
Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, and others,
and all for want of watchfulness and keeping
close to the Lord, their guide. And if we
descend even to our own times, how many
great, bright, and largely-gifted men, have
greatly missed their way, and others totally
fallen, and all for want of keeping close to this
inward guide of the Lord's holy light and Spi-
rit. And since we have so many and great
examples, we may draw from them this warn-
ing to ourselves, to take diligent heed to our
own standing, and keep upon our watch at all
times, lest at any time the enemy prevail up-
on our weak sides. But, dear friend, I don't
write any of these things for thy information,
who knows them as well or belter than my-
self; nor yet that I have any ground or cause
of fear of thee ; but in the flowings of the love
of God in my soul, as they came into my mind,
in order that it may contribute to our mutual
love to one another, and stir up our pure minds

by way of remembrance. Give

and his wife my dear love, and to all

those who inquire for me, both known and un-
known to me, who truly love the Lord Jesus ;
with whom I have fellowship in the holy Seed
of life, all the world over, more especially
those that are zealous for his name.

1 remain thy truly loving and affectionate
friend and brother. Joseph Pike.



Severe reproaches, and the hasty slap, be-
tray the temper of the giver, lessen authority,
and injure the child.



408



THE FRIEND.



Larch Trees.— Ihe late Duke of Athol
planted, in the last year of his life, 6500
Scotch acres of mountain ground solely with
larch, which in seventy-two years from the
lime of planting will be a forest of timber fit
for the building of the largest class of ships.
It will have, been thinned out to about four
hundred trees per acre. Each tree will con-
tain at the least fifty cubic feet, or one load of
timber, which, at the low price of one shilling
per cubic foot, only half its present value,
will give a sum of £6,500,000 sterling. Be-
sides this, there will have been a return of £7
per acre from the thinnings. The land on
which the larch is planted is not worth above
9d. or Is. per acre.



Anecdote of a Dog. — A friend of mine
Captain VV. Aug. Thomson, R. N., residing
near Edinburgh, has a dog, both the parents
of which were natives of Newfoundland.
At the time I refer to, (1836,) he was, I
believe, only two years old, but exiiibited all
the indications of great muscular power, and
singular sagacity. He was considerably larger
at that time than many full grown animals of
the same breed, and I always imagined his ey
possessed a very peculiar degree of intelli
gence. One day my friend walked down to
the sea-beach to observe the military, whose
barracks are in his neighbourhood, perform
ing their evolutions, and took the dog with
him. All went on very well till the cavalry
commenced firing, but such a sound was too
much for the astonished Bounce, as the dog is
called. Being quite a puppy, he was not very
willing to stand fire, and he therefore consid-
ered the best thing he could do was to sound a
retreat. Accordingly, without casting a single
glance towards his master, he bounced away
homewards at full gallop, with his tail de-
pressed, and in evident terror. His master's
residence is about a mile from the beach, and
it appeared the dog ran the whole way at full
speed. But as the house is in a garden, and
surrounded by a lofty wall, having a gate
which is always shut, and which communi-
cates with the house only by a bell, it became
a problem to our canine reasoner, how to get
within the walls so as to be in safety. 'I'he
gate he could not open ; the wall was too high
to leap; how then could he enter?

He perceived at once his predicament, and
no doubt thought of the bell he had so often
seen his master pull, and the sounds of which
were so often followed by the opening of the
gate. Crossing the road, he ran up to a la-
bouring man who was passing, and with all
the gentleness he could assume, seized him by
the wrist and held him, at the same
wagging his tail, and endeavouring to direct
the man's attention to his situation. The man
was at first, naturally enough, much terrified ;
but the perfectly gentle appearance of the ani-
mal, prevented his fears from increasing. He
therefore accompanied the dog across the
road, and was led close up to the bell, which
he at once perceived the animal required him
to pull ; this having been done, he was no
longer detained a prisoner, and the gate being
opened, he related to the servant the singular



conduct of the dog. This little story is enti-
tled to the highest credit, not only on account
of the source 1 derived it from, .but because 1
myself have seen the dog, when desirous of
leaving the room, take his master by the wrist
and lead him to the door, in order to open it.
All this I have been assured is solely the re-
sult of the dog's instinct, or rather reason, as
he never received any instruction. I trust
that, although this anecdote has little direct
reference to humanity in animals, I may be
excused taking this opportunity of mentioning
it. — Frazer's Rights of Instinct.

Be not Irresolute. — Irresolution is a fault
which creeps upon its victim with fatal faci-
lity. It is not vicious, but it leads to vice ;
and many a fine heart has paid the penalty of
it at the scaffold. Trifling as it appears on
the wavering steps of the young, as 1 hey grow
older its form changes to that of the hideous
monster, which leads them to destruction with
their eyes open. The idler, the epicurean,
and the drunkard are among its victims. Per-
haps in the latter, its effects appear in the most
hideous form. He knows that the goblet
which he is about to drink is poison. He
knows, for the example of thousands has paint-
ed it in glaring colours, that it will deaden all
his faculties, lake the strength from his limbs,
and the happiness from his heart, oppress with
foul diseases, and hurry his progress to a dis-
honoured grave; yet he drains it under a spe-
cies of dreadful spell, like that by which small
creatures are said to approach and leap into
the jaws of the loathsome serpent, whose fiend-
ish eyes have fascinated them. How beauti-
ful and manly is that power by which the
resolute passes unmoved through these dan-
gers ! — Late Paper.



Errata. — In line 9, under editorial head of
last number, for those, read that.

BILLS.

Our subscribers, out of the city, who have
not paid for volume sixteen, will find bills in
the next or concluding number of the \olume.
When there is no agent near, it is desired that
the money may be handed, in as few notes as
the sum will admit of, to the nearest post-
master, with a letter prepared tor him to sign,
and requesting him to forward, with his name,
and the words " free" on the buck; directed to
George W. Taylor, No. 50 North Fourth
street, Philadelphia. A receipt will be re-
ceived by return of mail, either by the sub-
scriber, in his paper, or by the pos



HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION.

The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society
will hold its fifteenth exhibition in the lower
saloon of the Philadelphia Museum, corner of
Ninth and George streets, on the 20th, 21st,
and 22d of the present month.

The committee charged with the prepara-
tory arrangements, solicit contributions in
plants, fruits, fowers, or culinary vegetables;
and specimens of either, of a quality meriting
distinction, will be thankfully received and
publicly acknowledged. When transmitted
from a distance, by public conveyance, the
society will cheerfully defray the cost of trans-
portation. They may be addressed to Lan-
dreth & Munns, at their seed warehouse. No.
65 Chesnut street.



Married, at Wilmington, on the 7th inst., Charles
W. HowLAND, ot'Scipio, state of New Yorli.to Guukl-
M4 Maria Hilles, dauglucr of Sumuel ililles, ol tlie
tbrnier plaee.



For " The Friend."
BARCLAY'S APOLOGY.

A reader of " The Friend" has been desi-
rous, for some time past, of extending, through
its columns, an invitation to

READ BARCLAY'S APOLOGY.



THE FRIEND.



NINTH MONTH, 16, 1843.



In relation to the article " Ann Mercy Be
it may be well to say, that although several
years ago, that portion relating to her extraor-
dinary labours in the markets, and other pub-
lic places in London, was published in " The
Friend," yet the testimony respecting her, and
the reference to her similar labours in Exeter
which is meant to conclude the article, have
not appeared in our journal ; and it does not
appear to us that it would have been proper
to dismember the communication. Death and
other causes are continually removing our
readers, whose places are filled up with others
— hence, the occasional republication of inter-
esting matter, may be sometimes proper ; and
the present appears to be such a case.

The account, crowded out this week, will be
continued in our next.



Died, at Somerset, Mass., on tlie 4lh of SevenlJi nio.
last, of the broncliilis, Jamks Ch.ick, in tlie twenty-
fourth year of his age. Bting possessed of an amiable
dis|>osilion, he was greatly beloved by a large circle of
acquaintances and friends. In early life, he was de-
prived of both his parents, and a (c\v years since, of a
brother, to whom he was warmly attached; which dis.
pensations of Divine Providence, we have reason to be.
lieve, fitted him remarkably to put bis trust in Israel's
unfailing Shepherd for support. He acquired a liberal
education at the New England Yearly Meeting Board-
ing School, and subsequently was employed as tutor in
that institution ; and also in New York and North
Carolina Boarding schools ; and a short time at the
Friends' School, Crosswicks, New Jersey, at all of
which seminaries he greatly endeared himself to his
pupils, whose interest he cared tor, even at the sacrifice

" ■ own. His many surviving friends have the



nsoling assuran



lofhislu



ring e



into that rest



which belongeth to the people of God. He desired those
who were with him, near liis close, to give bis love to
all his friends, and to assure thcin his end was happy.
May this solemn dispensation of Divine Providence be
sanctified for the good of his many surviving friends, and
enable them, through the mercies of a crucified Saviour,
more and more to dedicate themselves as Ibllowers of
Him who ever liveth to make intercession for liis saints.
" Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord, yea, they
rest from their labours, and their works do follow



PRINTED BY JOSEPH &. WILLIAM KITE,
Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



VOI- XVI.



SEVSNTH-DAT, NINTH MONTH, 23, 1843.



EDITED BY ROBERT S3HTH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

Price two dollara per annum, ■payable in adeance.

Subscriptions and Payments received by

GEORGE W. TAYLOR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



A Brief Statement of the Rise and Progress of
the Testimony of the Religious Society of
Friends, against Slavery and the Slave-
trade.

(Continued from page 402.)

When the usual reports from the Quarterly
Meetings were read in the Yearly Meeting of
1776, a committee was appointed to revise the
accounts, and report to tiie meeting, " the
most effectual religious means for perfecting
a work which has long been the occasion of
heavy labour to the faithful members of the
church, and excited our desire to be fully clear
of a practice so directly opposed to the law of
righteousness." The committee made the
following report, which was approved and con-
firmed by the meeting : —

" We, the committee, appointed to take un-
der our consideration the deeply affecting case
of our oppressed fellow-men of the African
race and others, as also the state of those who
hold them in bondage, have several limes met,
and heard the concurring sentiments of divers
other Friends, and examined the reports from
the Quarterly Meetings, by which it appears,
that much labour and care have been extended
since the last year, for the convincement of
such of our members who had, or yet have
them in possession ; many of whom have of
late, from under hand and seal, properly dis-
charged such as were in their possession, from
a state of slavery.

" Yet sorrowful it is, that many there are
in membership with us, who, notwithstanding
the labour bestowed, still continue to hold
these people as slaves ; under the consider-
ation whereof, we arc deeply affected, and
united in judgment, that we are loudly called
upon to a faithful obedience to the injunction
of our blessed Lord, ' To do to all men as we
would they should do unto us;' and to bear a
full and clear testimony to these truths, that
' God is no respecter of persons,' and that
' Christ died for all men without distinction.'
Which we earnestly and affectionately intreat
may be duly considered iti this awful and
alarming dispensation, and excite to impartial
justice and judgment, to black and white, rich
and poor. \



" Under thewialming influences of pure love,
we do with great unanimity, give it as our
sense and judgment, that Quarterly and
Monthly Meetings should speedily unite in a
further close labour with all such as are slave-
holders, and have any right of membership
with us. And where any members continue
to reject the advice of their brethren, and re-
fuse to execute proper instruments of writing,
for releasing from a state of slavery, such as
are in their power, or to whom they have any
claim, whether arrived to full age, or in tiieir
minority, and no hopes of the continuance of
Friends' labour being profitable to them ; that
Monthly Meetings after having discharged a
Christian duty to such, should testify their
disunion with them.

" And it appearing from the reports of the
several Quarters, that there are many difficult
and complicated cases, which relate to those
oppressed and much injured people, requiring
great circumspection and close attention, in
order that our religious testimony may be
promoted, and that the cause of Truth may
not suffer by unprofitable delays, we apprehend
all such cases might well be submitted to the
Quarterly Meetings where they subsist, whose
advice and judgment should be observed and
regarded ; so that any member who refuses
or declines complying therewith, after being
laboured with in the spirit of love and wisdom,
should be testified against."

At this Yearly Meeting, the following query
was adopted in place of the one on the same
subject, which had been directed in 1755 : —

" Are Friends clear of importing, purchas-
ing, disposing of, or holding mankind as
slaves ? And do tiiey use those well, who are
set free, and necessarily under their care, and
not in circumstances, through nonage or inca-
pacity, to minister to their own necessities?
And are they careful to educate and encour-
age them in a religious and virtuous life?"

The subordinate meetings upon the receipt
of the foregoing minute, appointed committees
to carry out the views of the Yearly Meeting.
It is apparent, from the tenor of their proceed-
ings, that the principal portion of the labour
had already been accomplished, and that the
greater part of the slaves owned by our mem-
bers had been set free.

The following Attracts will fully justify this
remark. In 1776, Phiiad'elphia Monthly Meet-
ing replies to the query, " that a considerable
number of the slaves heretotore belonging to
members of this meeting jytve been set at
liberty." A committee of that Monthly Meet-
ing had been labouring since 1774, with those
who held slaves, and in 1777, report is made
that afexB continue to hold negroes in slavery.
The minutes of tiiat meeting, from the year
1756 to the year 1783, exhibit an iinrernitted



attention to this subject, in labouring first
with those who bought and sold, and next with
those who kept, slaves. In 1778, seven mem-
bers were disowned for the latter offence, and
one in the following year. A much greater
number emancipated their slaves, so that in
1781 there was but one case under care : and
in 1783, the meeting reported that there were
no slaves owned by its members.

In the Fourth month, 1777, Haddonfield
Quarterly Meeting appointed a " committee
to procure manumission papers, and assist the
members of the Monthly Meetings to manu-
mit their slaves ; and also to see to the edu-
cation of coloured children." This committee
continued under appointment for two years,
and in the Ninth month, 1779, reported that
they had fully complied with their appoint-
ment in obtaining manumissions. The names
of the few who continued to hold slaves were
reported, and directed to be transmitted to the
Monthly Meetings, for them to enforce the
discipline. In 1781, the Quarterly Meeting
says: " It appears there has been a general
releasement from bondage of the Africans
among us, except in a few instances, where
the women only are in membership."

Chester Quarterly Meeting, Eighth month,
1777, says, " the committee in the case of
slaves reported to this meeting in writing, as
follows, viz. : ' We the committee appointed
to visit those that hold slaves, have attended
to that service ; and have visited all that had
any claim over such within the verge of this
meeting, that came to our knowledge ; a con-
siderable number of which have been manu-
mitted since our appointment ; but there are
some members in several Monthly Meetings
that still hold them, notwithstanding the many
and repeated visits paid them ; and we, as a
committee, apprehend we have discharged our
duly and appointment to such, and desire to be
released ; and we further think, that the sever-
al cases may be safely recommended to the
Monthly 3Ieetings.' "

Burlington Quarterly Meeting of the same
date, (Eighth mo., 1777,) states that " Bur-
lington Monthly Aleeting further mentioned,
that most of those who were in a state of sla-
very among them, have been manumitted since
last year; and that in regard to those remain-
ing, viz., three of age, and five minors, there
is reason to hope a little longer continuance of
labour and patience, will have a good effect."
Chesterfield adds to a report of a committee
of that meeting on the subject of slaves, con-
taining in substance, that they have had the
satisfaction to find the hearts of divers Friends
tender towards that poor, oppressed people, so
that many have been manumitted ; and yet a
considerable number are continued in bond-
age ; and though some members do not appear



410

in a disposition to comply with the desire of
Friends, yet having a tenderness towards ]
them, they have a desire that their cases may
be continued under care a further time.

Reports of the progress made in emancipa-
tion, appear on minute from time to lime, and
in the Eiglith month, 1781, " Burlington adds
to their report from their committee for the
manumission of negroes, tiiat they had attend-
ed to the service since last year, and had the
satisfaction of getting clear of all the cases of
this kind then known ; but that three young
negroes in a slate of bondage had lately been
discovered in one family, which had been and
remain under their care. From the answers
to the queries, it appears that all the other
Monthly Meetings are clear of slaves, ex-
cept some remaining within the compass ol'
Chesterfield and verge of one particular meet-
ing."

At the same date (Eighth mo., 1777,) the
Western Quarter, which had been set ofi' in
17.58, from the south-western end of Chester,
aod which stretched far into Maryland, an-
swers the query respecting slavery, in the fol-
lowing manner : " Clear of importing and dis-
■ posing of mankind as slaves, also of purchas-
ing, in all our meetings, except one, from
which a doubt is hinted in one case. Some
within the compass of the meeting yet con-
tinue to hold slaves ; though many have been
manumitted since last year. The case of those
who hold them is weightily under care ; and a
growing concern appears amongst us, that we
may more fully attain to clearness respecting
this matter."

The following report appears on the minutes
of Bucks Quarterly Meeting of the same date,
(Eighth mo., 1777.) " We, of the commit-
tee, appointed by the Quarterly Meeting, in
order to treat with our members who hold
their fellow-men in bondage, in conjunction
with the several Monthly Meeting comrpittees,
now report, that there hath been a consider-
able time spent in labouring with them, in
order to convince them of the evil of the prac-



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 151 of 154)