Robert Smith.

The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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(Coiiliniied from page 405.)

It is one of the leading articles of faith put
forth by the Episcopal Society, that " Holy
Scripture containeth all things necessary to
salvation : so that whatsoever is not read
therein nor may be proved thereby, is not to
be required of any man, that it should be be-
lieved as an article of the faith, or be thought
requisite or necessary to salvation." It seems
clear therefore, from what we have already
said, that consistently with this article, the
exorbitant claims set up for the priests by the
Tractists and their coadjutors cannot be re-
ceived, since they are unsupported by any
authority in Holy Scripture, and the whole
institution of bishops, deans, prebendaries,
priests and deacons, wilh all their gaudy and
cumbrous appendages, are wholly irreconcile-
able with the precepts of our Lord and hi»

In a late number of the Edinburgh Review
we have met with some remarks on the sub-
ject of apostolical succession, which are writ-
ten with so much force, and express sentiments
so much in accordance with our own, that we
do not feel inclined to withhold them from our
readers. They are from an article on Pusey-
ism in the 144th number.

"These writers maintain, in its fullest integ-
rity and extent, the doctrine of Apostolical
Succession.* They affiim that the spiritual
blessings of Christianity are, so far as we
know or have any right to infer, ordinarily
restricted to the channel of an Episcopally-
ordained ministry ; that no minister is a true
member even of that ministry, unless found in
the line of the succession — in other words,
duly ordained by a bishop duly consecrated ;
whose due consecration again depends on that

* ' Why should we talk . . . . fo little of an aposto-
lic succession ? Why should we not seriously endea-
vour to impress our people wilh tliis plain lrulh(!) — thiit
by separating Ihemsclvcs from our communion, ihcy
separate themselves not only Irnm a decent, orderly, use-
ful society, but from tiik only Church in this bkalm


body TO give TO HispioFLE." — (Trncts, Vol. i. I\o. 4, p. 5.)
' As to the/or( of the apostolical sueceesioD, i. e. tliat
our present bishops are the licirs and represenlalives of
ihe ai>oslIcs by successive transmissions of the pieroga-
tive of being so, this is tuo notoriovsto require proof.
Every link in the chain is known from SL Peter to out
present melropolilons.'— (No. 7, p. 2.)

Dr. Hook says, ' We ask what was the fact, and the
fact was this : thst Ihcdfieer vi-hom we now coll a bisli.
op was at first called an apostle ; although afterwards it
was thought better lo confine the title of apostle to those
who had seen the Lord Jesus ; while their successors,
exercising the same rights and authority, though unen.
dowed wilh miraculous powers, ci minted l/iimselre»
with the designation of bishops.' It is the prerdgnlive
of men of this school to talk nonsense J bw ically Dr.
Hook abuses his privil.gc.



of a whole series of bishops from the time of
the apostles 5 that ministers not so ordained
have no right to preach the Gospel, and can-
not elficaciously administer the sacraments,
let them be as holy as they may ; that all who
are so ordained may do both, let them be as
unholy as they will ;* that, accordingly, Philip
Doddridge and Robert Hall were no true
Christian ministers, but that Jonathan Swift
and Lawrence Sterne were. A 11 this we know
is very mysterious; but then, as the Tracts
say, so are many other things which we never-
theless believe ; and why not this? It is bet-
ter ' to believe than to reason' on such a sub-
ject ; or believe first and reason afterwards.
' Let us believe what we do not see and know
. . . Let us main'ain be/ore we have proved.
This seeming parodoxf is the secret of hap-
piness.' Thus, seeing is not believing, as the
vulgar suppose, but believing is seeing ; and
you will, in du3 time, know the ' blessedness'
of such child-like docility. $ But it is necessa-
ry to dwell a little on the arguments of the
opposite party, in order to do full justice to
the hardihood of the required act of faith.

" Whether we consider the palpable absur-
dity of this doctrine, its utter destitution of his-
toric evidence, or the outrage it implies on all
Christian charily, it is equally revolting.
The arguments against it are infinite, the evi-
dence for it absolutely nothing. It rests not
upon one doubtful assumption but upon fifty;
and when these are compounded together,
according to Whately's receipt for guaging
the force of arguments, it defies the power of
any calculus invented by man, to determine
the ratio of improbability. First, the very
basis on which it rests — the claim of Episco-
pacy itself to be considered undoubtedly and
exclusively of Apostolical origin — has been
most fiercely disputed by men of equal erudi-
tion and acuteness ; and, so far as can be
judged, of equal integrity and piety. When
one reflects how much can be plausibly and
ini'Oiiiously adduced on both sides, and that it
would require half a volume only to give an
abstract of the arguments ; one would tliink
that the only lesson which could or would be
learned from the controversy, would be the
duty of mutual charity ; and a disposition to
concede that the blessings of Christianity are
compatible with various systems of Church
polity. God forbid that we should for a mo-
ment admit that they are restricted to any one !

» ' The unwortliincss of man, then, cannot prevent
the goodness of God iVoni flowiiig in those channels in
which he has destined it to flow ; and the Christian
congregations of the present day, who sit at the feet of
ministers duly ordained, liave the same reason for rev-
erencing in Ihtm the successors of ihe apostles, as the
primitive churches of Ephesus and of Crete had for hon-
curing in Timiithy and in Titus the apostolic authority
of him who had appointed tiiem.' — {tio. 5, p. 10, 11.)

t No. 85, p. 85.

t ' I readily allow,' says one Traotist on the doctrine
of Ihe succession, ' that this viev\ of our calling has
something in it too high and mysterious to he fully un-
derstood by unlearned Christians. Bui ihc learned, sure-
ly, are just as unequal to it. It is part of that ineffable
mystery called in our Creed the Communion of .''aints ;
and, wilh all other mysteries, is above the un-
derstanding of oil alike, yet practically alike within
reach of all who are willing to embrace it by true failh.'
(Vol. I, No. 4, p. 6.)

" But this first proposition, however doubt-
ful, is susceptible of evidence almost demonstra-
tive, compared with that offered for half a
dozen others involved in the integral reception
of the doctrine of Apostolical succession. Ac-
cordingly, there are thousands of Episcopa-
lians, who, while they atfirm a preponderance
of evidence on behalf of Episcopacy, contemp-
tuously repudiate this i.ncomprehensible dog-
ma : of these, Archbishop Whately is an illus-
trious example.

" The theory is, that each bishop, from the
apostolic times, has received in his consecra-
tion a mysterious ' gift,' and also transmits to
every priest in his ordination a mysterious
'gift,' indicated in the respective offices by
ihe awful words, 'Receive the Holy Ghost;'*
that on this the right of priests to assume
their functions, and the preternatural grace of
the sacraments administered by them depends ;
that bishops, once consecrated, instantly be-
come a sort of Leyden jar of spiritual electri-
city, and are invested with the remarkable
properly of transmitting the ' gift' to others ;
that this has been the case from the primitive
age till now ; that this high gift has been
incorruptibly transmitted through the hands
of impure, profligate, heretical ecclesiastics,
as ignorant and flagitious as any of their lay
contemporaries ; that, in fact, these ' gifts'
are perfectly irrespective of the moral charac-
ter and qualifications both of bishop and priest,
and reside in equal integrity in a Bonner or a
Cranmer — a Parson Adams or a Parson Trul-

" Numberless are the questions which rea-
son and charity forthwith put to the advocates
of this doctrine, to none of which will they
deign an answer except the one already given
— that believing is seeing, and implicit faith
the highest demonstration. What is impart-
ed 1. what transmitted ? Is it something or no-
thing ? Is consecration or ordination accom-
panied (as in primitive times) by miraculous
powers, by any invigoration of intellect, by
increase of knowledge, by greater purity of
heart] It is not pretended ; and, if it were,
facts contradict it, as all history testifies : the
ecclesiastic who is ignorant or impure before
ordination, is just as much so afterwards. Do
the parties themselves profess to be conscious
of receiving the gift? No. Is the convey-
ance made evident to us by any proof which
certifies any fact whatsoever — by sense, expe-
rience, or consciousness? It is not affirmed.
In a word, it appears to be a nonentity in-
scribed with a very formidable name — a very
substantial shadow."

* 'Thus wo have confessed before God our belief,
that through the bishop who ordained us we received
the Holy Ghost, the power to bind and to loose, to ad-
minister the sacraments and to preach. Now, how is he
able to give these great gifts ? W/ience is his right ?
Are these words idle, (which would be taking God's
name in vain,) or do they express merely a wish,
(which is surely very far below their meaning), or do
they not rather indicate that the speaker is conveying a
gill ?'— (Tracts, Vol. i., No. 1 , p. 3 )

Erratum. — In the last number, page 405,
second column and second line from the top,
for " he" read " him."

(To be contiiiiicJ.)

Preservation of Grapes. — Cut the grapes
from the vine, with one or two joints of wood
from below the bunch, and applying hot seal-
ing wax to the end, when cut off, and seal it
closely, so that no air can enter the tissues
communicating with the bunch. They must
then be hung up on suspended cords, in a cool
airy room, taking care that they do not touch
one another, and are not exposed to currents
of warm air, nor where it is so damp as to
cause mould, and they will thus keep for

How a Candle Burns. — The combustion of
a candle illustrates many natural laws in a
simple manner. When the wick is lighted, it
melts a portion of the tallow immediately be-
neath, and forms a little cup, in which a quan-
tity of the liquid tallow continues. The wick,
by capillary attraction, draws up a portion of
this tallow, which enters the flame. Here it
becomes a gas, and combines with the oxygen
of the atmosphere, forming carbonic acid. A
portion of the gas formed from the melted
tallow may be ignited away from the candle,
by placing a small tube, rather wider than
the bore of a piece of tobacco pipe, in the dark
part of the flame; the gas will pass through
this, and if a light be applied at the other end,
it may be ignited. The existence of the car-
bonic acid may also be shown by holding a
lighted match a little above the candle, when
the former will be extinguished. — Dalton^s

Mnmmy Wheat. — A Scottish paper, the
Caledonian Mercury says: "In unrolling an
Egyptian mummy in the Thebaid, in 1838,
which was ascertained to be three thousand
years old, several heads of wheat were dis-
covered. A portion of this mummy wheat
came into the hands of the Earl of Hadding-
ton ; and on the first of November, last year,
his lordship's gardener sowed four seeds of it
in the garden of Tynninghame. The produce
is at present nearly one hundred stalks, about
six feet high, and the ears have from forty-
five to fifty-five grains each. The ears have
■beards or hands not unlike those of barley;
and the leaves on the stalks are long, and
nearly an inch broad."

New Grain. — P. St. George Cook, Cap-
tain of the United States Dragoons, stationed
at Fort Leavenworth, in a letter to the Na-
tional Institute, written after his return from
the late excursion to the Mexican frontier,
describes with great minuteness a new grain
discovered by him, which he is very sangine
will be found a valuable addition to the na-
tional agricultural interest. It is known
among the natives as " buffalo grass," and
Captain Cook supposes it may be introduced
at the north and east as pasture for sheep and

Married, at Friends' mccling-house in Smithfidd,
Jefferson county, Ohio, Ihe 94lh of Eighth month, 1 SJ.'t,
n.tvii. S. JuDKiN=i, M. D., of Cincinnati, to Siisan P.
iMcGrkw, daughter of Thomas B. McGrcw, of the for-
mer place.


For " The Friend."

(Conlinucd from page 390.)

The nineteenth, she attended a meeting ap-
pointed at tlie Savoy, on account of a funeral ;
had a very laborious time afterwards, at the

burial-ground near Long-acre, and from thence
went to Clare-market. In her passage through
the market, she stopped twice or thrice, call-
ing to repentance, and exhorting the people, a
few minutes at each place ; and after that,
coming to the upper end, by the corner of
Lincoln's-inn-fields, she stood up, and declared
the truth for a considerable time. Many ex-
pressed their satisfaction, though some few
appeared to remain impenetrably hard.

The twenty-first, her concern lay for Honey-
lane market, which she entered from Laurence-
lane, calling such as lived out of the fear of
God to repentance; and, coming to an open
part, near the middle of the market, she
preached about a quarter of an hour. Then
passing to the north corner, she appeared a
second time, more largely, in a lively and ac-
ceptable testimony. Many of the people
were agreeably affected, and very desirous to
know vi°here they might meet with her again ;
saying, they would go miles for another oppor-

The twenty-second, she appeared in Spitlal-
fields market, and was favourably received by
the people. And though she was much weak-
ened in body, by frequent and laborious exer-
cise, she had a living and powerful time,
afterwards, in Cox's Square. Here she again
preached the essential baptism, administered
by Christ himself, without the unnecessary aid
of symbols and ceremonies, by the living
water of that spiritual river which purifies
the soul, and refreshes the spirit of every citi-
zen of the New Jerusalem. The generality
of the people were solid, and several much

The twenty-third, as the people broke up
from their several places of worship, she stood
up, at the East-gate of E.xeter-Exchange in
the Strand, and preached to a large concourse.
Amongst other things, she remarked, how apt
the generality are to rest in external perform-
ances ; which, if ever so exact to ancient prac-
tice, are but figures or shadows ; showing, by
an apt allusion, how the baptismal water of
the gospel, and the life-giving blood, partaken
of in the Lord's supper, both issue from
Christ ; as did the water and blood from his
side, when pierced by the Roman soldier;
pointing Him out for all to look unto, as the
one essential baptizer, and dispenser of the true
communion. A weighty and solemn time it
was, for near the space of an hour. Towards
the conclusion, something was thrown at her,
and passed pretty near her head ; which the
whole body of the people resented, and
parly ofi^ending was immcdiateh' seized ; but
through the mediation of the Friends, w
accompanied her, his liberty was, with soi
difficulty, procured.

In the afternoon, she attended the Savoy
Meeting; after which, she appeared near the
end of Suflblk street, by Charing-cross ; where
she was fervently concerned, and enabled to


preach the necessity of repentance, as a pre- j
paration against an approaching time of trial,!
wherein the Almighty would ihin the multi-
tudes of this metropolis, and other parts of the !
nation, and make the most presumiituous of
mankind know, that He is God, and that the
supreme dominion is rightfully his. She also
expressed a further sight, she was then favour-
ed with, of the wide-spreading of the light and
spirit of the Lamb, the flourishing slate of the
true and living church, and the holy Sabbath
I that should ensue. The crowd was very large.
' Some, about the skirts of it, were rudely
talkative ; but many of those that were near-
er, appeared grave, tender, and concerned, and
declared their belief of what she had propheti-
cally delivered. '

I'he twenty-sixlh, she appeared in New-
gate-market, to a large and attentive audience,
in a clear, instructive, and persuasive testi-
mony, which was well and satisfactorily re-
ceived. From thence she went to Smilhfield ;
where a large number presently collected
round her. To these she delivered some close
and weighty observations and admonitions ;
but, by reason of a few drunken abusive per-
sons, who were uncommonly rude and noisy
one amongst another, she proceeded not so
fully as in many other places.

The twenty-seventh, in the morning, she
was at the Savoy Meeting ; and in the after-
noon, went to the lower part of Hungerford-
market, where she had the favourable atten-
tion of a considerable number for about half
an hour. Then coming to the upper part of
the market, she stood up again ; and beginning
first with the children, who were numerous,
she proceeded to the parents, and then to all,
in a very lively, sweet, and powerful man-
ner. Many of the people were tenderly touch-
ed, and parted with her in a very affectionate

From thence she went to St. James's mar-
ket, so called ; which she first passed through,
calling to repentance, and coming to the lower
side, whore the people had most room to stand.
They flocked up to her, and she delivered her-
self to them with good ability and perspicuity.
The minds of many, both old and young,
were tenderly and solidly brought to acknow
ledge to the truth, and heartily wished success
to her concern, wherever she went.

The thirtieth, in the morning, she appeared
in the high road at Sliore-ditch. The people,
at first, seemed amazed and awkward, but
afterwards became attentive. And as the
place was a little inconvenient, she removed
into a square court in the neighbourhood,
where she tenderly expostulated with them for
about half an hour; during which they were
very still, and several of them much afected.
The third of the Tenth month she had an
opportunity, first, in Shadwell-niarket ; a se-
cond in Ratcliff Highway ; a third in a court
adjacent ; and a fourth in a yard belonging to
one of the inhabitants, to pretty good satis-

The seventh, in the morning, she set out,
intending for Slopney ; and pa.ssing through
While-chapel, a concern fell upon her to stop
there. She made lier first stand just without
the' Bars, and delivered a strong and lively

testimony to a great number gathered before
her. She appeared twice afterwards, at the
lower end of the street, in a considerable
degree of the life, wisdom, and love of the

Proceeding then to Stepney, she had an
acceptable time with part of an independent
congregation, who had just broke up their own
meeting ; together with several others, who
stayed and heard her with sobriely and atten-
, Their preacher stopped also, and showed
himself to be a man of candid disposition, and
Christian behaviour.

About this time, one who, according to her
own voluntary acknowledgment, had lived so
void of a tiue distinguishing sense of religion,
that she could sit under any sort of ministry
with equal indifference, fell \n with our Friend,
and received a strong and living touch through
her testimony; and, a few months after, she
declared, upon her death-bed, that by keeping
close in obedience to that Divine light, which
then convicted her, she had found remission ;
and, after some sensible and affecting exhor-
tations, to several who were present, appeared
to depart in the peace and love of God.

The tenth, Mercy walked through the
Fleet-market, calling to repentance, and made
her first stand in the New-buildings on the east
side ; a second in the old Meal-market, under
cover, the weather being unfavourable, where
she concluded with a few words in prayer;
and in the afternoon, she appeared in the
great yard of the Fleet prison, amongst a
considerable number of prisoners. All pretty
well, the circumstances of things considered.
From hence, her time was much taken up
in visiting the sick, and by some indisposition
of her own, till the twenty-fifth, when she
attended the forenoon meeting at the Savcy;
and, in the afternoon, passed through the
Carnaby-market, calling to repentance; and
then stopping in an open part, had an oppor-
tunity with a considerable number of people.
Her next stand was in Golden Square. She
stood a third and fourth time in two opposite
sides of Soho Square, and a fifth in Greek
street. The generality at every place be-
haved pretty well. The power of Truth was
with her, and carried her through, though
apparently under much bodily weakness.

The third of the Eleventh month, she ap-
peared in four different places in and about the
Mint, in Southwark, and afterwards visited
some prisoners in their own apartments.

The fourth, she attended the forenoon
meeting at Grace-church street. After din-
ner, she appeared near the Ship inn in the
Borough. A second time in 'i'liree-Crown
court ;''a third time at Margaret's Hill. A
fourth time in the area before the New Prison.
A fifth time by the end of Long-lane: this
place being inconvenient for standing, render-
ed many of the people restless and noisy ;
therefore she passed on to Lant street, and
appeared a sixth time, to a very large number,
greatly to satisfaction. After taking a little
refreshment, she went to the evening meeting
at Grace-church street.

This was a laborious day's work ; but the
power of that Spirit which truly qickens, bore
her through the service, with great strength,



serenity, and sweetness. 'Twas a day of ad-
mirable favour, not to be forgoUeu by me,
nor, 1 believe, by many more.

The teatli, slie had two acceptable oppor-
tunities, one at Brook's maiket, the other at

The thirteenth, in the morning, she attend-
ed a marriage at Grace-church street meet-
ing. In the afternoon, she appeared in four
dirterent parts of Wapping ; and in the eve-
ning, had a meeting in Friends' meeting-house
there, with a considerable number, bhe had
a hard company to labour amongst, in every
one of these places; but was enabled to dis-
charge herself pretty thoroughly.

The second of the Twelfth month, in the
morning, she entered upon her service at the
lower end of Rosemary lane, where she ap-
peared at four different places. At the first,
second, and third, the people were quiet, and
behaved well. The fourth was in a very dis-
agreeable situation, amongst a drunken disso-
lute company ; many of whom bore the marks
of prostitution and infamy, and came running
up in a wanton indecent manner. She stood
in silence awhile, till the power of Truth arose
over them ; and then, stepping upon a bench,
declared, with unconmion fervency and awful-
ness, the great day of the Lord to them, in a
sententious flow of weighty truths, for about a
quarter of an hour, and concluded with an
ardent and compassionate address to the
Almighty, on their account. The generality,
afterwards, appeared very much altered both
in countenance and behaviour, departing with
sobriety and thankfulness.

In the afternoon she had three solid op-
portunities in Kent street, and afterwards
attended the evening meeting at Grace-church

(To be continued.)

For "The Prien:

the Early Printers and Publishers of
Friends'' Books.

(Continued from page 407.)

About the year 1705, Thomas Raylton,
\vlio had previously travelled much as a minis-
ter of the gospel, removed from the north of
England, and settled in London. The time of
his marriage with Tacy Sowle I do not find.
All the Friends' books I have e.xamined, pub-
lished in London in 1708, and for some years
afterward, bear this imprint, "J. Sowle, in
White-Hart court, in Gracious street." Al-
though this was inserted in the title page of
the works, yet the business appears to have
been carried on by Thomas Raylton. In
Whiting's Catalogue of Friends' books, print-
ed in 1708, the following notice appears, pre-
ceding a list of books, which were not in the
London collection : " Books Wanting. If

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 153 of 154)