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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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projects of reform. Sir Siunuel Uomilly was
met bv the must determined opposition to
measures, wliicli are now cited as proofs of
the enlightened spirit of his age. After sig-
nal defeats in Parliament he persevered, and
even in the expectation of losing a most
cherished object of reform, he uttered the fol-
lowing sentiments, which must have the efiect
of animating the friends of humane legisla-
tion to press forward, notwithstanding all the
obstacles and discouragements which are in-
terposed to their progress.

" It was my lot," he said, " to hear in Par-
liament, a negative upon that bill which was
intended to deliver this enlightened nation
from the reproach of the cruel and disgusting
punishment of burning women alive. It was
my lot again and again to witness in this
house, the defeat of those wise and humane
exertions which were intended to rescue
Englishmen from the disgrace of abetting
slavery. Cut the punishment of burning is
no more, and Africa is free ! No resistance,
no vote of this night shall again prevent my
again appealing to the good sense and good
feeling of the legislature and of the country.
If I live another year, I will renew this bill,
with the bill repealing the punishment of
death for stealing a few shillings; and what-
ever may be my fate, the seed which is scat-
tered, has not fallen upon stony ground."

Our fathers, it is alleged, were wise, and
they never would have countenanced such an
innovation as that which is now proposed.
Let us not be so disobedient to the spirit
which actuated our fathers, as to be lulled or
intimidated by these suggestions. Science,
knowledge, improvement, are all the work of
time; their movement is indeed progressive,
but by slow and almost imperceptible grada-
tions. If our fathers had listened to such
monitors, they had never advanced to the
point at which we have arrived. We start
where they left off, and with advantages de-
rived from their experience. The great
lights which we obtained from them, by the
melioration of the penal law, have opened our
minds for the reception of ulterior truths.
Those changes which were believed in their
day to threaten the breaking up of the very
foundations of society, we find are so many
pillars added to its support.

(To be continued.)

Interesting Printing Estahlisliment. — In
the town of Zabiguers, Wurtcmburg, there is
a new printing establishment opened by The-

odore Helgerad. All the compositors and
pressmen are deaf and dumb, to the amount of
196 ; eleven of whom are women. They have
all been educated at his own cost, for the em-
ployment in which they are now engaged.
The king has conferred upon him a large gol-
den medal, for this great reclamation from the
social and moral waste. — Late Paper.


From Old Humphrey's " Tlioughls for the Thoughtful."

It may not be an unprofitable question to
ask ourselves if we are not too apt, when we
think of tyranny and oppression, to apply
these terms to cases wherein the great and
the mighty of the earth alone are concerned.
Pharaoh, for instance, oppressed the children
of Israel, requiring them to make brick with-
out straw ; and since then, many other tyrants
have ruled the nations under their control
with a rod of iron. But instances of tyranny
and oppression are continually taking place in
the common walks of life. ^Ve shall do well
not to forget that example in Holy Writ,
wherein he who had been forgiven a debt
went and took his fellow-servant by the throat,
saying, " Pay me that thou owest." Matt,
xviii. 23—35.

One of the most striking illustrations of
oppression that ever I met with, was in a re-
tired lane in a country village. Passing along
a high bank in a field, my attention was drawn
to the lane below, by a scuflling noise, and a
loud barking. Looking down Irom the bank,
I saw a young pointer dog standing before a
lamb, and every now and then jumping up at
the unprotected animal, and laying hold of his
nose, or his ear. The dog must have been
thus occupied for some time, for the poor lamb
was almost exhausted. You may be sure that
I was not long in making the best of my way
down from the high bank into the lane, and
instructing the tyrant of a pointer dog, in the
most summary manner, that though he was
stronger than the helpless creature he had so
long tormented, he was not beyond the reach
of punishment.

There is something so paltry, so pitifully
mean in oppressing another, merely because
you have the power, that such hateful conduct
deserves the severest reprobation. When a
master tyrannizes over his servant; when a
creditor oppresses his debtor; when a rich
man grinds the face of the poor ; and one who
is strong takes advantage of another who is
weak, it is a hateful sight, and highly dis-
creditable to humanity. Never do I witness
an instance of this kind, without thinking of
the poor lamb and the pointer dog.


From the same.
" How far is it to Canaan?" said a friend.
" Why," replied I, " the children of Israel
found it a long way ; for they travelled forty
years in the wilderness. The most important
thing is to know that we are in the way, for
then the distance will get less and less every

" How far is it to Canaan .'" asks the doubt-
ing Christian ; " for I am sadly afraid I shall
never get there. My sins are a heavy burden
to me, and I long to be rid of them, if, in-
deed, there is hope for such an one as I."

Go on, poor doubling Christian, take fresh
courage, and quicken thy step. Canaan is not
so far otT but thou shall reach it at last ; and
if thou couldst know how willing the Saviour
of sinners is to receive thee, it would shed a
sunbeam on thy dejected countenance. I
hayte a word of comfort for thee, a cordial for
thy heart :

"I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy
transgressions for mine own sake, and will not
remember thy sins." Isa. xliii. '25.

" How far is it to Canaan ?" asks the tri-
umphant Chiistian ; " for 1 long to be at
home. I know that my Redeemer livelh, and
because he lives, I shall live also. My soul
has made me like ' the chariots of Ammina-
dib,' and I am impatient to behold him face
to face !"

Go forward, triumphant Christian, with the
glorious ring of assurance upon thy finger !
Cast not away thy confidence, which hath
" great recompence of reward." But stay, I
have a word for thee, also, which may be use-
ful. Ponder it in thy heart :

" Let him that thinketh he standeth, take
heed lest he fall." 1 Cor. x. 12.

" How far is it to Canaan?" inquires the
afflicted Christian ; " for I have lain a long
while upon the bed of suH'ering. ' Wearisome
nights are appointed to me.' I am full of
tossing to and fro unto the dawning day.
' Oh that I had wings like a dove ! for then
would I fly away, and be at rest.' "

Be of good cheer, afflicted Christian ! The
heavier the cross, the more pleasant will be
the crown. If we sutfer with Christ, we shall
be glorified with Christ. I have a word to
refresh the fainting soul, and will now give it
thee :

" The sufferings of this present time are
not worthy to be compared with the glory
which shall be revealed in us." Kom. viii. IS.

" How far is it to Canaan ?" asks the per-
secuted Christian ; for I am an outcast from
my family, a stranger upon earth ; like my
Lord, I am ' despised and rejected of men.'
' Many are they that rise up against me,' and
' they hate me with cruel hatred.'"

Hold on thy way, persecuted Christian ; it
is a safe one, and a blessed one ; yea, the one
thy Redeemer trod before thee. Post thou
want a word of consolation ? I will give it
thee, lay it up in thy bosom :

" Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you,
and when they shall separate you from their
company, and shall reproach you, and cast
out your name as evil, for the Son of Man's
sake. Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for
joy : for, behold your reward is great in
heaven." Luke vi. 2\l, 23.

" How far is it to Canaan?" sighs the be-
reaved Christian; "for I am a lonely and
desolate pilgrim. All that were dear to me
upon earth are taken away. !\Iy tears have
been my meat day and night, and my soul
yearns for the land where there shall be no
more death, neither sorrow nor crying."

Pass on, bereaved Christian ; the more
lonely thy pilgrimage, the more pleasant will
be the company of the " shining ones" that
await thee, and the sweeter thy reception at
the end of thy journey. The Lord whom thou
seekest, hath a special care and pity for his
desolate ones. Take these words with thee,
and they may refresh thy spirit. For even
though they be desolate :

" The redeemed of the Lord shall return,
and come with singing unto Zion ; and ever-
lasting joy shall be upon their head : they
shall obtain gladness and joy ; and sorrow
and mourning shall flee away." Isa. xli. 11.

" How far is it to Canaan V asks the dying
Christian; " for the swellings of Jordan are
risen about my soul. Fearfulness and tremb-
ling are come upon me, ' and the terrors of
death are fallen upon me.' Alas ! I sink in
deep waters: I shall not see the land that
flows with milk and honey."

Look up, poor dying Christian ; for yonder
is the bright and morning star: thy night is
far spent, and the day is at hand. Look on
these words, and let neither flood nor flame
alfright thee ; be of good courage, for they
are the words of Him who has promised,
when flesh and heart fail, lo be the strength
of thy heart, and thy portion forever :
" When thou passest through the waters, 1
will be with thee ; and through the rivers,
they shall not overflow thee : when thou
walkest through the fire, thou shall not be
burned ; neither shall the flame kindle upon
thee. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy
One of Israel, thy Saviour." Isa. xliii. 2, 3.


In Silliman's Journal of Science and the
Arts, is the following very interesting account
of the capture and death of a large alligator,
at Manilla, in the island of Luconia, one of
the Philippines, the details of which confirm
several of the astounding stories related of
this stupendous creature :

In the course of the year 18.31, the propri-
etor of Halahala, at Manilla, in the island of
Luconia, informed me that he frequently lost
horses and cows on a remote part of his plan-
tation, and that the natives assured him they
were taken by an enormous alligator, who fre-
quented one of the streams which run into the
lake. Their descriptions were so highly
wrought, that they were attributed to the fond-
ness for exaggeration to which the inhabi-
tants of that country are peculiarly addicted,
and very little credit was given to their re-
peated relations.

All doubts as to the existence of the animal
were at last dispelled by the destruction of an
Indian, who attempted to ford the river on
horseback, although entreated to desist by his
companions, who crossed at a shallow place
higher up. He reached the centre of the
stream, and was laughing at the others for
their prudence, when the alligator came upon
him. His teeth encountered the saddle, which
he tore from the horse, while the rider tumbled
on the other side into the water, and made for
the shore. The horse, too terrified to move,
stood trembling when the attack was made.


The alligator, disregarding him, pursued the stream. This movement was several times
man, who safely reached the bank, which he| repeated, till, having no rest in the enclosure,
could easily have ascended, but, rendered fool- he attempted to climb up the bank. On re-
hardy by his escape, he placed himself behind ceiving a ball in the body, he uttered a growl
a tree which had fallen partly into the water, like that of an angry dog, and plunging into
and drawing his heavy knife, leaned over the the water, crossed to the other side, where he
tree, and, on the approach of his enemy, was received with a similar salutation, dis-
struck him on the nose. The animal repeated j charged directly into his mouth. Finding
his assault, and the Indian his blows, until the i himself attacked on every side, he renewed
former, exasperated at the resistance, rushed his attempts to ascend the banks, but what-
on the man, and seizing him by the middle of, ever part of him appeared was bored with bul-
the body, which was at once enclosed and lets, and feeling that he was hunted, he forgot
crushed in his capacious jaws, swam into the his own formidable means of attack, and
lake. His friends hastened to the rescue; but | sought only safety from the troubles which
the alligator slowly left the shore, while the j surrounded him.

poor wretch, writhing and shrieking in his[ A low spot, which separated the river from
agony, with his knife uplifted in his clasped the lake, a little above tiie nets, was unguard-
hands, seemed, as the others expressed it,jed, and we feared that he would succeed in
" held out as a man would carry a torch." escaping over it. It was here necessary to
His sufferings were not long continued, for the island firmly against him ; and in several at-
monster sank to the bottom, and soon a ter! tempts which he made to cross it, we turned
reappearing alone on the surface, and calmly ! him back with spears, bamboos, or whatever
baskingin the sun, gave to the horror-stricken first came to hand. He once seemed deter-
spectators the fullest confirmation of the death [mined to force his way, and foaming with
and burial of their comrade. | rage, rushed with open jaws, and gnasiiTng his

A short time after this event, I made a visit j teeth, with a sound too ominous to be despTsed,
to Halahala, and expressing a strong desire to appeared to have his full energies aroused,
capture or destroy the alligator, my host] when his career was stopped by "a large bam-
readily offered his assistance. The animal ^ boo thrust violently into his mouth, which he
had been seen a few days before, with his i ground to pieces, and the fingers of the holder
head and one of his fiu-e feet resting on the were so paralyzed, that for "some minutes he
bank, and his eyes following the motion of was incapable of resuming his gun. The
some cows which were grazing near. Our 'natives had now become soexcited as to for-
informer likened his appearance to that of ajget all prudence, and the women and children
cat watching a mouse, and in the attitude tojof the little hamlet had come down to the
spring upon his prey, when it should come [shore to share in the general enthusiasm,
within his reach. j'l'hey crowded to the opening, and were so

Hearing that the alligator had killed a | unmindful of their danger, that it was neces-
horse, we proceeded to the place, about fivejsary to drive them back with some violence,
miles from the house. It was a tranquil spot, [ Had the monster known his own strength, and
and one of singular beauty, even in that land, j dared to have used it, he would have gone
The stream, which a few hundred feet from, over that spot with a force which no humaa
the lake, narrowed to a brook, with its green ' power could have withstood, and would have
banks fringed with the graceful bamboo, and 'crushed or carried with him into the lake
the alternate glory of glade and forest, spread- ' about the whole population of the place,
ing far and wide, seemed fitted for other pur-j It is not strange that personal safety was
poses than the familiar haunt of the huge forgotten in the excitement of the scene." The
creature that had appropriated it to himself, tremendous brute, galled with wounds, and
A few cane huts were situated a short distance repeated defeat, tore his way through the
from the river, and we procured from them, foaming water, glancing from side to side, in

hat men thay contained, who were ready to
assist in freeing themselves from their dan-
gerous neighbour. Having reason to believe
that the alligator was in the river, we com-
menced operations by sinking nets, uprio-ht,
across its mouth, three feet deep, at intervals
of several feet. The nets, which were of great
strength, and intended for the capture oV the
wild bafllilo, were fastened to trees on the
banks, making a complete fence to the com-
munication with the lake.

My companion and myself placed ourselves
with our guns on either side of the stream,
while the Indians, with long bamboos, felt for
the animal. For some time he refused to be
disturbed, and we began to fear that he was
not within our limits, when a spiral motion of
the water, under the spot where I was stand-
ing, led me to direct the natives to it, and the
creature slowly moved on the bottom towards
the nets, which he no sooner touched, than he
quietly turned back, and proceeded up the

the vain attempt to avoid his foes, then rapidly
ploughing up the stream, he grounded on the
shallows, and turned back frantic and bewil-
dered at his circumscribed position. At length,
maddened with suffering, and desperate from
continued persecution, he rushed furiously to
the mouth of the stream, burst through two
of the nets, and I threw down my gun in
despair, for it looked as though his way at last
was clear to the wide lake. But the third net
stopped him, and his teeth and legs had got
entangled in all. This gave us a chance of
closer warfare with lances, such as are used
against the wild buffalo. We had sent for this
weapon at the commencement of the attack,
and found it much more effectual than guns.
Entering a canoe, we plunged lance after lance
into the alligator, as he was struggling under
the water, till a wood seemed growing from
him, which moved violently above, while his
body was concealed below. His endeavours to
extricate himself lashed the water into foam.



mingled with blood ; and there seemed no end
to his vitality, or decrease to his resistance,
till a lance struck him directly through the
middle ot' the back, which an Indian, with a
heavy piece of wood, hammered into him, as
he could catch an opportunity. My compan-
ion on the other side, now tried to haul him
to the shore, by the nets to which he had
fastened himself, but had not sufficient assist-
ance with him. As I had more force with
me, we managed, with the aid of the women
and children, to drag his head and part of his
body on to the little beacli, where the river
joined the lake, and giving him the "coup de
grace," left him to gasp out the renmant of
his life on the sand. I regret to say, that the
measurement of the length of this animal was
imperfect. It was night when the struggle
ended, and our examination of him was made
by torchlight. I measured the circumference,
as did also my companion, and it was over
eleven feet immediately behind the forelegs.
It was thirteen feet at the belly, which was
distended by the immoderate meal made on
the horse. As he was only partly out of the
water, I stood with a line at his head, giving
the other end to the Indian, with directions
to take it to the extremity of the tail. The
length so measured was twenty-two feet, but
at the time I doubted the good faith of my
assistant, from the reluctance he manifested
to enter the water, and the fears he expressed
that the mate of the alligator might be in
the vicinity. From the diameter of the
animal, and the representations of those
who examined him afterwards, we believed
the length to have been about thirty feet. As
we intended to preserve the entire skeleton,
with the skin, we were less particular than
we otherwise should have been. On opening
him, we found, with other parts of the horse,
three legs entire, torn off at the haunch and
shoulder, which he had swallowed whole, be-
sides a large quantity of stones, some of them
of several pounds weight.

The night, which had become very dark
and stormy, prevented us from being minute
in our investigation ; and leaving directions
to preserve the bones and skin, we took the
head with us and returned home. This pre-
caution was induced by the anxiety of the
natives to secure the teeth ; and I afterwards
found that they attribute to them miraculous
powers in the cure or prevention of diseases.

The head weighed near three hundred
pounds ; and so well was it covered with
llesh and muscle, that we found balls quite
flattened, which had been discharged into the
mouth, and at the back of the head, at only
the distance of a few feel, and yet the bones
had not a single mark to show that they had
been touched.

Osage Wlteat. — A letter in the Pittsburg
Chronicle speaks of a very valuable kind of
wheat called Osage or many headed wheat,
originally procured from the Osage Indians.

Kelly, a practical farmer of Jackson

county, Ohio, has had such experience of its
hardy and prolific qualities, that he thinks it
will yield two hundred bushels to the acre.

From fifty to eighty heads have sprung up
from a single grain which he planted, each
head containing from one hundred to one
hundred and seventy seeds. — Late paper.

For " The Friend."

From the Gorman.

On speeds the spirit towards eternal youth, to pure virtue and unwavering Irulli,

OtTers the homage of unflinching duly ;
Slrong-winged desire impels iiim slill lo move
Where the bright bowers of everlasting love,

Glow in the morning hues of fadeless beauty I

True love stands ready death itself to bear, —
The ills of life with cheerfulness to share,

Wliilst one by one Time's fleeting pleasures perish ;
Love, — which pure life within the soul reveals.
Love, such as that the Heavenly Master feels, —

May I in solemn quiet inly cherish.
Oh, Father, pour thy blessing on my head,
Engage me now in youth thy paths lo tread;

With warning voice my erring course attend,
Then though death tlirualcns, and his storms may

My Failh slill bouyant shall resist his power,

And bear me safely onward to the end !

Give a true heart, an honest manly mind;
The L^mb and Lion-spirit both combined, —

Gentle and firm, — sure safely in each slrife.
Life has ils confiicls, and love wields therein
A iHO-edeed sword against the ranks of sin.

And wins Ihrougli dying toils the rest of life.

Master command me, or to life or death,
1 owe my all to thy creating breath.

Direct my movements, east the lot for me;
When death relieves me from life's weary trust,
jMay friends in joyous grief, give dust to dusi.

As springs my heaven-born sjjirit up to thee.

Whilst here, — my soul shall know thee for itsstay,
Till the bright morning of eternal day.

When from ils dream of earthly life it wakes ;
Then in the might of virtue and of truth.
It shall be crowned with everlasting youth,

As death ils last remaining fetter breaks.

Squirrels, and a sign of a hard winter. —
The Detroit Advertiser says, that a squirrel
hunt recently took place in the vicinity of that
city. The total killed was 3360. Other pa-
pers notice like wholesale slaughters. The
squirrels seem to abound this fall, in unusual
profusion, all over the country. For some
weeks past the woods in the neighbourhood of
Fort Erie, across the river, have literally
swarmed with them. Within the past week
or two, thejr have crossed the Niagara to this
side in immense numbers. The rapidity and
width of the river have proved fatal to many
of them ; but little armies of them have never-
theless succeeded in gaining our shore, whence
they pushed off south. On the .\llegany river
we are told they are so numerous, that it is not
deemed worth while to waste powder and shot
in killing them. Those wishing a squirrel
pie, stand on the banks of the stream, and
knock the squirrels on the head with a stick
as they swim across. This apparent general
emigration of the squirrels to the south, is held
by the Indians, and others knowing in such
matters, to betoken a hard winter. — Bvjf'ulo

Effects of Temperance in Ireland. — At
Limerick, with a population of feO,OUO in-
habitants, all the breweries have been closed,
except one small one, which is more than suf-
ficient to supply the wants of the city and sur-
rounding districts. There were formerly id
this place several extensive breweries, one of
which we had the pleasure of visiting. It was
the largest I had ever seen, and was let for a
rental of lOOOZ. per annum. It has now been
stopped more than two years, and is fast going
into ruins, the machinery corroding with,
and the roof gradually tailing in. While at
Limerick, we also went over the remains o( a
large distillery, which I believe was one of
the most extensive in Ireland. The concern
formerly paid 100,000/. per annum in excise
duty, and the weekly production was over 300

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 20 of 154)