Robert Smith.

The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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cheering belief, that lier purified soul has taken its
flight to the region of everlasting day, out of ihe reach
of all trouble and temptation, to join the celestial fami-
ly, and sing the holy, heavenly and divine song of
redeeming love, where God reigns Iriumphanlly with
his saints.



THE FRIEND.



61



For " The Friend."
IHEMOIR OF JOHN WIGUAM.

(Continued from page 55.)

Thirteenth. — Wind fair and pretty fresh.
I have a head-ache, but my mind though poor,
is, through mercy, pretty quiet, and my con-
fidence ill the sufficiency of infinite power and
goodness is renewed : may no instability in
ine, tend to lessen it.

Eighteenth. — Wind fair to-day, after three
days, in which it was strongly contrary. Yes-
terday, I was very poorly with head-ache and
excessive sickness ; but, through infinite
mercy, was favoured with a sweet feeling of
love ; in which I was enabled to pray for en-
lire conformity to the Divine will, during the
remainder of my days. In the evening 1 was
a little better, and we had a meeting, in which
some instructive communication was handed
to the seamen and passengers ; but my mind
was grieved with the impure spirits and cor-
rupting conduct of some that profess with us.
I have mourned, since we came on board,
under a sense that such as these may pull
down more than the advocates of the gospel
can build up. But what can we say? Lord !
the work is thine : to thee do we look !

Twenty-third. — For four days we have made
very little progress, the wind, though moder-
ate, is directly a-liead. By the seamen's cal-
culation, we are still 1800 miles from Boston.
Our passage is likely to be long ; yet we have
no cause of complaint, but rather of thankful-
ness, as we all enjoy pretty good health, ex-
cept Martha Routh, who is sickly, and spends
most of her time in bed. Last night she was
up, and we had a little religious sitting to-
gether ; when some instructive counsel, tend-
ing to encourage to faithfulness, was handed
to an individual. The Lord was pleased to
give a taste of his love ; if He graciously
continue to do so from time to time, my soul
will say. It is enough.

Twenly-fiflh. — A pleasant morning, but lit-
tle wind ; all well. Had a favoured meeting
yesterday : the Lord has not left us, but fre-
quently covers us with his uniting love, giving
renewed evidence that He is willing to draw
near to those who are at a distance ; — thanks
be to His ever worthy name !

Twenty-ninth. — Calm yesterday and to-day,
after a strong gale, which continued two days,
and brought on almost a general sickness
among the passengers ; but now all are well
again. We were roused sooner than usual
this morning, by a report of a vessel making
signals of distress ; on which account our
captain lowered sail, and waited for her ; but
when she came near, she was discerned to be
a ship of war, and by her endeavouring to get
to windward of us, she was suspected to have
some hostile design ; some even feared she
was an Algerine, at which W. R., and one of
liis daughters, in particular, were not a little
alarmed. Through mercy, I was preserved
calm, and enabled quietly to hope in God.
Our people hoisted sail and made away from
her, upon which she fired several shots at us ;
some of the balls were observed to graze
the water very near us ; but the wind
sprung up favourable, and we soon got out



of reach of her guns, and she then turned
round.

Ninth month 5th Yesterday sounded,

and found bottom 100 fathoms, on the banks
of Newfoundland. This morning found bot-
tom at forty-five fathoms. Our people tried
to catch some cod fish, but without success.
Saw several fishing vessels at a distance, and
spoke one from Nova Scotia : they otiered us
some fish, which our captain at first declined,
and made another attempt to catch some ; but
as he did not succeed, our mate and two sail-
ors were sent in the little boat with a present
of some rum and porter for the captain, wlio,
in return, sent us thirty-five large fish ; upon
a dozen of which we all dined heartily. We
have much contrary wind, and get on very
slowly, — sometimes rough weather, but not
what the seamen call a storm. Last night we
saw very near us a mountain of ice, similar in
size and appearance to a large old castle.
The seamen say it is common to see such
masses floating here; and sometimes in daik
nights, ships strike upon them, and get
damaged. We are supposed to be 1000 miles
from Boston.

Eighth. — We have had a fine run, the seamen
say 300 miles in the last two days. This fore-
noon, a hard gale of wind ; the dead lights
were put in, and we tumbled about the cabin
from side to side ; but the wind suddenly
turned, and it soon became quite calm. Had
two meetings yesterday, in which some degree
of good was extended, particularly to some of
the blacks belonging to the vessel, who were
present in the evening.

Eleventh. — All well. Contrary winds con-
tinue ; for the last two days we have been in
what is called the Gulf Stream. The sea is
nearly as warm as new milk, occasioned, it is
supposed, by a stream flowing out of the Gulf
of Mexico, forced along by the trade winds.
VVe spoke a ship to-day from America, bound
for Liverpool, by which we sent some letters.
We are supposed to be about 500 miles from
Boston: three or four days of fair wind would
now bring us there ; but that is in the Lord's
hand ; may He grant patience to wait His
time. We have had meetings constantly on
Fourth-days, and twice on First-days: the
Lord has not failed to be with us : blessed be
His name !

Twelfth. — A perfect calm ; — not the small-
est progress, — but, thi-ough mercy, all well.
Several of the passengers, who could swim,
went overboard to bathe. My mind renewedly
entreats preservation in exact conformity to
the Divine will.

Fourteenth. — All well ; wind fair ; 320
miles from Boston. Our meeting very poor,
though I believe some were favoured with a
renewal of strength. Samuel Emien and
Martha Routh had considerable communica-
tions to the youth ; but di-yness and barren-
ness were my portion. Lord! grant patience.

Yesterday, I was favoured with the reading
of M. R.'s memoranda of the voyage, which
had a humbling efiect upon my mind. The
many instructive remarks tended to open to
my view my own extreme barrenness. A
sense of my unfruitfulness often makes me
conclude, that so poor a creature was never



before sent on such an errand ; however, I am
sometimes a little encouraged by recollecting,
that where little is given little is required. I
mourn deeply that so much labour bestowed
on some of our young people, seems to be in
vain. May the Lord meet with them in a nar-
row place.

Fifteenth. — Very languid today, rheumat-
ism in my legs ; yet, through mercy, my mind
is calm, and renewedly centred in the one
desire, to be favoured to know and enable to
do the Divine will.

Last evening, in meeting, had a depressing
time, in sympathy with the thirsty travel-
lers. Towards the close was a little reliev-
ed by the communication of a few encour-
aging hints.

Nineteenth. — All well ; but progress slow;
wind mostly contrary. Have spoken with two
vessels from Boston to-day, and find, by their
account, that our desired port is more distant
than we expected.

On Fourth-day, we had a very solemn
meeting, — a memorable time of favour; for
which reason some of our company were ready
to conclude it would be the last which we
should have on board : for my part, I am too
blind to foietel any thing; but, through mer-
cy, feel resigned, i^lany small land birds
came on board to-day, some of which our
people caught and put in a cage.

Twenty-first. — Had a comfortable meeting,
— my mind renewedly covered with love and
thankfulness, that the Lord had not forsaken
us. M. R. reminded us, to our comfort, that
" They who trust in the Lord, shall never
be confounded ;" — adding a few remarks en-
couraging to the youth : with some of this
class I feel a close spiritual union, which 1
believe to be gospel fellowship.

Yesterday spoke two vessels, the captain of
one kindly otTered some apples for our female
passengers. Our captain sent the boat with a
present of some porter, and brought us in re-
turn a basket of apples, with some vegetables,
on which we made a pleasant repast.

Twenty-second. — Yesterday we were with-
in sight of Cape Cod ; but the wind continuing
adverse, we have made very little progress.
We are supposed to be within twenty miles of
Boston, but there is no prospect of getting
there without a change of wind.

We had our meeting as usual yesterday, in
which several communications were oflbred ;
and we were favoured with a renewed evi-
dence of the continued extension of Divine
regard. My mind was introduced into a feel-
ing of deep sympathy with an individual of
our company, who, 1 apprehend, is suffering
under discouraging fearfulness, so as to pre-
vent a lull obedience to the manifestations
of Truth. My secret prayer is, — Lord ! thou
who knowest all our weaknesses, be pleased
to extend help to thy little ones, and increase
our faith and confidence in thy power.

[They landed at Boston 23d of Ninth
month ; but an affecting accident happened on
board the ship on the preceding day, which
cast a gloom over the passengers and ship's
company. John Wigham notices the event
in a letter to his wife, in nearly the following
terms ; — " A melancholy accident happened



62



on board our fsliip last i



one ot the sail



ors, a brolher of the captain, fell from the
top-galiatit yard into the boat on tiie deck, and
was killed instantly. There was no storm at
the time, nor any otiier known cause, but it
was supposed he had missed his hold. It was
an alarming circumstance to us, to be called
up in the night, about twelve o'clock, with the
striking intelligence ; and our tender spirited
young women were almost overcome with
grief on the occasion. The body was brought
on shore to be buried this afternoon."]

After attending the week day meeting at
Boston on the 2oth, I left it on the 21th, and
reached New Bedford the same evening ; at-
tended the meetings there on the First-day,
and on the four succeeding days ; — had meet-
ings at different places, — was at the Quar-
terly Meeting at New Bedford, and again at
their usual meetings on First-day.

Fifth of Tenth month. — Second-day, had a
mooting wilh the towns-people; and on the
following day, one across the river in the
presbytcrian meeting-house.

Eighth. — Embarked for the island of Nan-
tucket ; arrived about midnight, but did not
reach my lodgings till two o'clock in the after-
noon, being detained by a young woman, one
of our passengers, taking fits. I could not
leave her till I saw her better. She lay in
this state for about four hours; when she re-
covered, and walked home leaning on my arm.
I called to see her next day ; and with her,
her mother, and several sisters, I had a reli-
gious opportuiiil)', which proved a tendering
time ; they did not belong to our Society.

Twelfth, First-day. — 1 attended the South
Meeting in the morning, and the North in the
afternoon ; and in the evening had one ap-
pointed at the South House for the members
of both meetings.

Second-day. — Embarked for New Bedford,
which I reached the same night, accompanied
by David Sands and dear Lydia Rotch, the
latter came over to be companion of Martha
Routh in hi-r travels : on Third-day morning
they set oft" towards Boston. We had been
nearly united as fellow-labourers, and our
parting was a close trial to me : in which I
believe they felt much sympathy, for I was
not at that time favoured to see which way to
move.

On Fourth-day, I attended a meeting at
Acushnet, and on Fifth and Sixth had meet-
ings at liOngplain and Falmouth. On the
Seventh-day rode to Paul Wing's, where I
lodged. In this family were five precious
daughters, [lephzibah, Beulah, Content, Try-
phosa, and Lydia, and several sons, who ap-
peared hopeful ; among whom, with their
worthy parents, so sweet a spirit seemed to
prevail, that the house felt like a paradise.

Nineteenth, First-day. — Attended their'
meeting at Sandwich, and at the close gave
notice of a meeting at four o'clock in the af-
ternoon, — to which Friends were requested
to invite their neighbours; of whom a good
many attended, and it ended to satisfaction.
Providence, Kliodc Island, Eleventh mn. .''■ih, 1794.

To his Wife.— Though I am pretty far
from any seap >rt, and not conveniently situ-



TIIE FKIEND.

aled to get a letter forwarded to thee, yet
knowing how acceptable it will be to thee and
our dear children, to be informed that 1 am
well, at least as well as usual, I am desirous
to make the attempt [to convey to you this
intelligence.] I wrote thee from Boston on
our landing, which I hope thou mayst have
received before now ; but at that time I could
not give thee any account of the line of my
movements. 1 may now inform thee, that, as
far as I see at present, I am likely to con-
tinue in i\ew England during this winter.
There seems as much to do in these stales (of
New England) as I shall be able to get through
before the ensuing spring.

I have been much stripped, and sometimes
very low; yet, through unspeakable mercy, I
have been helped hitherto to get along, so as
that I hope the Truth has not suftered ; and I
have at times been favoured with an undoubt-
ed evidence, that I am in the way of my duly:
and should it so please the Almighty, that my
body be laid down in this land, I desire to be
content wilh His will, and I hope thou wilt be
so too ; though I can say in truth, that I never
loved thee more, nor felt thine and our dear
children's welfare dearer to me, than since
nur present wide separation. But, my dear
Lord has given me an unshaken evidence
that He will take care of you: if you cleave
close to Him, and make Him your confidence.
He will never leave nor forsake you.

Tell my Amos [his eldest son] to take care
of himself, not only as respects his bodily
strength, not to overdo it, but also in an espe-
cial manner legarding his conduct in his trans-
actions among men, that it may be upright in
all things; — and in every matter of moment
to have recourse to the Monitoi', — to mind the
dictates of the Spirit of Truth ; so that what-
ever suffers, the Truth may not suffer. 'I'ell
him to keep close to meetings, let no work
hinder him ; but let him so contrive his mat-
ters, that they may give way to this important
duly : — and if he give up his heart to serve
the Lord, He will bless him in his endeavours.
And thou, my dearest, I wish thee not to over-
charge either body or mind with the things of
this life ; for indeed, we often find the truth of
the declaration, that by taking thought we
cannot add one cubit to our stature. The
Lord knows what things we stand in need of;
— may He bless thee with a peaceful mind,
and be near to support thee in every trying
time.

To my dear children, — how do I feel my
heart filled with paternal love to them all I —
and renewedly so, at this time while 1 am
writing.

(To be continueJO

For " The Fiiclld."
GEORGE FOX.

His marriage, and care for the ri^jhts of Judge Fell's
children; also lh.it poor Friends' oUsiiriiig should bo
properly apprenticed.

The following extracts from the Journal of
George Fox, are offered for insertion in " The
Friend." They exhibit the solid foundation
on which he formed his marriage covenant
with the widow of Judge Fell, and the great
care he used not to interfere with the rights



of her children, or to be the cause of any loss
to them concerning their property. Also,
the interest and concern he felt lor the chil-
dren of poor and destitute families, that they
might be put in a way to hel|j their relations,
and themselves be benefitted by learning use-
ful occupations.

After stating his arrival at Gloucestershire,
and what occurred there, about a report that
he had turned Presbyterian, Ate, he mentions :
— " Next day, being the First-day, we had a
very large meeting, and the Lord's power and
presence was amongst us." He then gives
the occasion of the report, which begat a cu-
riosity in the people to hear him. " But to
proceed," he says : " after this meeting in
Gloucestershire, we travelled till we came to
Bristol ; where I met with Margaret Fell,
who was come to visit her daughter Yeomans.
I had seen from the Lord a considerable time
before, that I should take Margaret F'eli to be
my wile ; and when 1 first mentioned it to her,
she felt the answer of life from God thereunto.
But though the Lord had opened this thing
to me, yet I had not received a command from
hini for the accomplishing of it then. Where-
t'ore I let the thing rest, and went on in the
work and service of the Lord, according as
he led me ; travelling in this nation, and
through Ireland. But now being at Bristol,
and finding Margaret Fell there, it opened in
me from the Lord, that the thing should be
accomplished. After we had discoursed the
matter together, I told her, ' If she also was
satisfied with the accomplishing it now, she
should first send for her children :' which she
did. AVIien the rest of her daughters weie
con)e, 1 asked both them and her sons-in-law,
'If they had anything against it, or for it .''
and they all severally expressed their satis-
faction therewith. Then I asked Margaret,
' If she had fulfilled her husband's will to her
children V She replied, ' The children knew
she had.' Whereupon I asked them, ' Whe-
ther, if their mother married, they would not
lose by it?' I asked Margaret, 'Whether
she had done any thing in lieu of it, which
might answer it to the children ?' The chil-
dren said, ' She had answered it to them ;'
and desired me ' to speak no more of it.' I
told them, ' I was plain, and would have all
things done plainly : for I sought not any
outward advantage to myself.' So our inten-
tion of marriage was laid before Friends, both
privately and publicly, to their full satisfac-
tion, many of whom gave testimony that it
was of God. Afterwards, a meeting being
appointed on purpose for the accomplishing
thereof, in the public meeting-house at Broad
Mead in Bristol, we took each other in mar-
riage ; the Lord joining us together in the
honourable marriage, in the everlasting cove-
nant and immortal Seed of life. In the sense
whereoC living and weighty testimonies were
borne thereunto by Friends, in the movings of
the heavenly power, which united us together.
Then was a certificate, relating both the pro-
ceedings and the marriage, openly read, and
signed by the relations, and by most of the
ancient Friends of that city ; besides many
others from divers parts of the nation.

" We stayed about a week at Bristol, and



then went togetlier to Oidstotie ; where, tiik-
ing leave of each other in the Lord, we pm ted,
betaking ourselves each to our several ser-
vice ; Margaret returning homewards to the
north, and 1 passing on in the work of the
Lord as before. 1 travelled through Wilt-
shire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Buckingham-
shire, and so to London, visiting Friends ; in
all which counties I had many large and pre-
cious meetings.

" Being in London, it came upon me to
write to Friends throughout the nation, about
' putting out poor ciiildren to trades.' Where-
fore I sent the following epistle to the Quar-
terly Meetings of Friends in all the counties.
" ' My dear Fritnds :
" ' Let every Quarterly meeting make in-
quiry through all the Monthly and other meet-
ings, to know all Friends that are widows, or
others that have children fit to put out to
apprenticeships ; so that once a quarter you
may set forth an apprentice from your Quar-
terly meeting; so you may set forth four in
a year, in each county, or more, if there be
occasion. This apprentice, when out of his
time, may help his father or mother, and sup-
port the family that is decayed ; and, in so
doing, all may come to live comfortably. This
being done in your Quarterly meetings, ye
will have knowledge through the couuly, in
the Monthly and particular meetings, of mat-
ters fit for them ; and of such trades as their
parents or you desire, or the children are most
inclinable to. Thus being placed out to Friends,
they may be trained up in Truth ; and by
this means, in the wisdom of God, you may
preserve Friends' children in the Truth, and
enable them to be a strength and help to their
families, and nursers and preservers of their
relations in their ancient days. Thus also,
things being ordered in the wisdom of God,
you will take off a continual maintenance,
;uiJ free yourselves from much cumber. For
in the country, ye know, ye may set forth an
apprentice for a little to several trades, as
bricklayers, masons, carpenters, wheelwrights,
ploiighwrights, laylors, tanners, curriers,
blacksmiths, shoemakers, nailers, butcliers,
weavers of linen and woollen, stufls and serges,
&ic. And you may do well to have a stock
in your Quarterly meetings for that purpose.
All that is given by any Friends at their de-
cease, except it be given to some particular
use, person, or meeting, may be brought to
the public stock for that purpose. This will
be a way for the preserving of many that are
poor among you : and it will be a way of mak-
ing up poor (amities. In several counties it
is practised already. Some Quarterly meet-
ings set forth two apprentices ; and sometimes
the children of others that are laid on the
parish. You may bind them for fewer or
more years, according to their capacities. In
all things the wisdom of God will teach }'ou ;
by which ye may help the children of poor
Friepds, that they may come to support their
families, and preserve them in the fear of
God. — So no more ; but my love in the ever-
lasting Seed, by which ye will have wisdom
to order all things to the glory of God.

G. F.'
' London, 1st of Eleventh month, 1669.' "



THE FRIEND.

For " The FrieuJ."

Who wants Sugar at such a cost ?

In an article in the Baton Rouge Gazette,
a Louisiana paper, headed " Sugar vs. Cot-
ton," published in 1839, and intended to urge
the more extensive cultivation of sugar in that
state, is the following remark : — " The rigor-
ous measures about to be enforced againi-tthe
African slave-trade, will probably enhance the
price of slaves in the Spanish Islands, and di
minish the amount of sugar annually made.
The natural increase of the slaves in Cuba
lalls far short of the demand, on account of
tlie excessive hard labour to which they ii
subjected ; the men being worked during eight
months of the year, twenty hours out of the
twenty-four, and consequently short lived.
Every thing then seems to be in favour of the
sugar planter, and bids him take courage !"

I doubted the extent of the atrocious op-
pression in Cuba, indicated in this cold argu-
ment, until I met with R. R. Madden's poem,
called "The Sugar Estate." Dr. Madden
had abundant facilities for informing liin)sclf
of Cuban slavery ; and his name is high
ihority for whatever he asserts regardin^
The doctor makes the mayoral, or overseer of
a sugar estate, to say : —

■' But nliere, you ask me, are the poor olil slaves ?
Where should ll.cy be, of course, but in their grave
We do not send thern there before tin ir tune,
But It-t them die, when they are past tin ir prime.
Men who are worked by night as well as day.
Some how or other, live not to be grey ;
.Sink from exhaustion— siekeu — droop, and die,
And leave the Count anoiher hateh to buy;
There's stoek abundant in the slave bazaars,
Tlianlis to the banner of the stripes and stars !
You eannot Ihnik how soun the want of sleep
Breaks down their streniitli, 'lis well llicy arc so che
Four hours of re.~l irj lime of ernp— ;br five
Or six long nionUis and few indeed will thrive.
With twenly hours of unremitting toil.
Twelve in the field, and eight in doors, to boil
Or grind the cane — believe me, few grow old.
But lile is cheap, and sugar, sir, — is gold.
Yiiu think our interest is to use our blacks
As earclul owners use their costly hacks;
Our interest is to make the most wc can,
Of every negro in the shortest span !"

Dr. Madden gives it as his opinion, that
sugar estates the annual mortality is about ten
per cent., and on cofiee estates five per cent
After this statement

" That tells a tale of murder largely done,"
who wants to buy Havana sugar?

The superintendent of the free negroes of
Trinidad, persons who, during the American
revolution, had escaped from bondage into the



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 24 of 154)