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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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and He taketh away, blessed be His name."
I bowed my head to the miner's pious prayer,
and the old man passed on. — The Mining
Journal.



ELECTRIC C03IMUMCATI0N.

In the course of experiments instituted by
Wright and Bain, for the improvement of
their electrical telegraph, they discovered that
the electric circuit of a galvanic battery is as
effectually completed through a large body of
water as through an insulated wire. They
have applied this curious discovery so effec-
tually as to be now able to dispense with two
of the wires heretofore thought necessary for
the action of their printing-telegraph; and



83

I they are (bus enabled to print all communi-
I cations, either verbal or symbolical, at any
j distance, by the use of a single wire. We
uiiderblaud they are now in treaty with the
government to construct a telegraph on this
principle, between the Admiralty and Ports-
mouth. One insulated wire would be laid
down between the two points to connect the
galvanic battery of the outport with the print-
ing apparatus of the admiralty, and the cur-
rent would be sent through the earth in lieu
of using a second wire to complete the cir-
cuit. Should the moisture in the ground not
prove sufficient to conduct the electricity, the
inventors propose to transmit the return cur-
rent by water ; making it pass down the
Thames to the German Ocean, and thence
along the Channel to Portsmouth ; this round-
about voyage to be performed instantaneously !
By thus simplifying and consequently greatly
reducing the cost of the electiical printing-
telegraph, the inventors have gone far towards ,
rendering it generally available ; another step
in advance will dispense with all metallic con-
nection whatever. The atmosphere and the
ocean may then be all sufficient media for the
communication of thought, literally to realize
the poet's visions,

' And wall a sigh from Indus to the poles.'

Feeding Poultry. — Professor Gregory of
Aberdeen, in a letter to a friend observes :
" As I suppose you keep poultry, I may tell
you, that it has been ascertained, that if you
mix with their food a sufficient quantity of
egg-shells or chalk, which they eat greedily,
they will lay exteris paribus, twice or thrice
as many eggs as before. A well fed fowl is
disposed to lay a vast number of eggs, but
cannot do so without the materials for the
shells, however nourishing in other respects
the food may be ; indeed a fowl fed on food
and water, free from carbonate of lime, and
not finding any in the soil, or in the shape of
mortar, which they often eat off the walls,
would lay no eggs at all, with the best will in
the world."



Bleeding at the Nose. — A communication
on nasal hemorrhage was lately read to the
Academy of Sciences of Paris. The author,
M. Negricr, announces that bleeding from the
nose may be almost instantaneously checked
by raising the arm on the same side as that
of the nostril from which the blood flows. It
is well known that such hemorrhages are
often formidable, and sometimes fatal. This,
as the Washington Spectator remarks, is im-
portant, if true.

Curious WorJcmanship. — The New Or-
leans Bee gives an account of a view of the
city of Paris, exhibiting in New Orleans by
the widow Caron, which is sculptured in
wood. It is said to represent in all the small-
est particulars the streets, public squares,
palaces, gardens and houses, together with
the river Seine and the bridges. It occupies
a circumference of sixty-one feet, and occu-
pied sixteen years of labour for its execu-
tion.



84



THE KRIENO.

strengthened and confirnied by our similarity
of feeling. We were detained several days
by a flood ; during which I often thought, that
alter parting with them, I should be " like a
sparrow alone on the house-top :" — Lord be
pleased to help, as thou hast hitherto done !
Contenlncy, North Carolina, First month 3d, 17!)6.
To his Wife. — Having met with an oppor-
tunity to send a line to Baltimore, from
whence, perhaps, this may be forwarded to
England, I am willing to embrace it, to tell
thee that I am well ; and have abundant
cause to acknowledge the Lord's goodness,
even in supporting my poor weak body to
travel about in this country, where people at
this time are so sickly ; — scarcely a family
where I come, is free froin ague, or some
other disoder. It is now the middle of winter,
and yet the weather is so warm, that it is
needlul to have all the doors and windows
open in the meeting-houses.

I am getting about from meeting to meet-
ing, often under discouraging feelings ; yet
(Q have no just ground of complaint, having, I
gs| tru^t, been hitherto preserved from hurting
from place I 'he cause,
to place heavy-hearted and n.ourning on >ny I I olten thmk on thee my dearest, and our
1 -^ n ■/ j]ej,r children, with ardent desires for vour

way.

I now proceeded to Scirmons, then returned
to Wavne Oak, Curies and Richmond, where



Fjr "The Friend."
MEMOIR OF JOHN WIGHAM.

(Coniinucii from page 77.)

10th.— Baltimore.— Attended the Yearly
Meeting, which held five day.^ ; had the com-
pany of Deborah Darby and Rebecca Young,
whom I was truly glad to meet, and we la-
boured together in much unity. Had a meet-
ing appointed on First-day evening for the
coloured people, which was large and satis-
factory. Visited the prisoners in the gaol,
several of whom, both black and white, were
in irons: during our religious communications
some of them were much contrited. Stayed
over First-day ; and on Second-day went to
Ellicot's Mills, where I had a public meeting.
Thence to Elkridge, Sandy Spring, Indian
Spring, where, and at twelve other places, I
had meetings. I proceeded to Jennets, Rich-
mond, Black Creek, and Wayne Oak : these
are all small meetings, and religion as to tiie
life of it, is at a low ebb in Virginia ; there
seems to bs a root of corruption so deep, tha
makes it hard work for the poor ministers
reach. My labour among them seldom g'
me relief, and I have often to



I ; welfa



I look towards v(



I had two public meetings ; the one in the
afternoon was specially appointed for the
blacks, at which several members of the
Assembly attended; some of whom, I under-
stood, were displeased at being so plainly
dealt with in the presence of their bondsmen.
I was led to declare among them the univer-
sality of the love of God, and the equality of
his ways;— that Christ died for all men, of
whatever colour, and was willing to save them
on the same terms of belief and of baptisii^ —
namely, the washing of regeneration, and re-
newing of the heart, by the power and influ-
ence of the Holy Spi'rit. I felt peace and
satisfaction in the censure of these hard-heart-
ed taskmasters.

[After leaving Richmond, he appears to
have been again at Wayne Oak, where he
attended a Quarterly Meeting; and on the
1st of Twelfth month proceeded to Burley,
Scarbrook, and Blackwater, where, and at a
number of other places, he had meetings
without recording any remarks, till coming
to Lower Trent, his narrative proceeds : — ]

I attended the meeting with dear Martha
Routh and Lydia Uotch ; when the Lord was
graciously pleased to unite us under a
newed feeling of the induence of His love, for
which favour our hearts were lifted up to
Him, in thankful acknowledgment of His con-
descending goodness. My companion, Wil-
liam Trimble, being attacked with gout and
rheumatism, had left me at Contentney, and
returned home. 1 felt lonely, but the Lord
su.stained me,— praises be to His name ! I
next proceeded to Clubfoot Creek and Cor-
sound, and back to Contentney, to attend the
Quarterly Meeting. There I again met with
my beloved fellow-travellers, Martha and
Lydia ; and was truly refreshed by the unity
of their devoted spirits, and my doubtful mind



ith sympathy,
but think I cannot help you, and therefore
endeavour to confide in Him who can.

I see no end of my labours here yet ; you
must give me up, and do the best you can :
— we "serve a good blaster; and I have
sometimes strength to hope, that He will
take care of you, if you cleave unto Him.
May the Lord direct and keep you ; there is
no other Saviour.

[His narrative proceeds:] — The select
Quarterly Meeting at Contentney was held
on the Seventh-day, a public meeting on
First-day, and the Meeting for Discipline on
Second-day. Fourth-day, I rode to Bone-
creek, and had a meeting; after which 1
intended to go to Neuse, but the river was so
hitrh it was impassable. I therefore returned
to'^Benjamin Arnold's, and stayed at this kind
Friend's house, till after Fiist-day meeting ;
then rode eighteen miles towards Neuse,
crossed in a canoe, the river being too high
to ford,* and walked to meeting.

Set out for Smithfield, to a bridge twenty
miles up the river ; and when there, found
my mind most drawn to New Garden Settle-
ment, so proceeded towards Eno meeting ;
thence taking many meetings by the way,
came to Centre to the Quarterly Meeting. It



» In fording one of the rivers in America, lie vvo.s
apparently involved in considerable danger. His horse
fell when about the middle of the stream, and he was
conscquenlly thrown into the waler. 'the horse lay on
his side with his feet down the current, and all John
Wigham's etTorts to gel him on his feet again, proved
in vain. A person at the side of the river, to which he
intended to proceed, observing him in difficulty, called
lo liim, attempting to offer some advice ; but tlie dis-
tance being considerable, he could not make John Wig-
ham hear; and seeing the critical situation in which
he was placed, kindly rushed into the river, waded to
him, and seizing the horse by the bridle, drew his
head round, until his feel were ajainst the stream,
when he readily recovered his standing.



was very large, and many persons of other
societies, probably some hundreds, came to
the public meeting on First-day ; not as it
seemed to attend it, but to amuse themselves
in companies about the meeting-house, never
desiring to enter it, nor even paying any atten-
tion when a Friend (Peter Yarnall) was preach-
ing. A number of them came next day, while
the Meeting for Discipline was sitting, and
were, if possible, more imprudent than before,
— looking in at the windows and door, and
refusing to go away when desired : but what
most affected me was, that several members
of our Society encouraged them, by joining
them in conversation, in parties about the
door. In these parts, there is a lamentable
neglect in the education of children, and much
that is formal and superficial ; the ugh there
are a few upright labourers, yet it seems to
me they are almost smothered in rubbish.
Much pains were taken in this meeting to re-
form these abuses. A committee was appoint-
ed, consisting pf members of the difierent
Monthly Meetings, to have a care over the
young people, particularly at these times ; and
to endeavour to prevent their going out of
meeting, or associating with those trouble-
some people, who, it was hoped, would then
refrain from coming.

After this meeting, which was a trying
laborious one, I went to Sherburn, Pinewoods,
New Garden, and Hopewell : at this last place,
I had a meeting with a people called Nicholites.
Thence to Muddy Creek, Blue Creek, and
back to New Garden, where we felt a concern
to visit the families, — Peter Yarnall and
James Emlen being now with me. We visited
in company eighty families in twelve days;
then attended the Monthly and Quarterly
Meetings. The latter, which was held the
ivith of Third month, 1796, was large ; but
many seemed superficial professors, so that
the few, who dwell low with the pure Witness,
had hard labour.

Proceeded to Muddy Creek, where also we
found we must labour with them from house
to house. We visited thirty-seven families.
Then taking several meetings in our way, we
passed over the Blue Ridge to Chesnut Creek,
Reedy Island, and Burkforke. Here I parted
with Peter Yarnall and James Emlen, which
was a trial to me, as we had been knit together
in true fellowship through some arduous la-
bour.

I returned over the Blue Ridge, accom-
panied only by a guide, eighty miles to Goose
Creek; here I lodged at Christopher Antho-
ny's, which seemed like a change from savage
to civilized life, — kind friends and a comfort-
able house, clean and neat ; especially when
contrasted with the dwellings of the back-
wood's people.

[After leaving this comfortable abode, he
mentions having had a number of meetings
on his way to Philadelphia; where, to their
mutual rejoicing, he met, unexpectedly, with
his beloved sisters, Martha Routh, Lydia
Rotch, Deborah Darby, and Rebecca Young,
From this city lie wrote to his wife as fol-

Philadilphia, Fifth month Sd, 1796.
To his Wife.— On Seventh-day last I



THE FRIEND.



85



arrived at this city, wheie I met with thy
two letters : I was glad of them, (as It is
more than seven months since I received one,)
though some of the intelligence they contained
affected me ; — so many removals by death,
and also thy concern about going to [reside
in] Edinburgh. In this prospect I cannot
help feeling much sympathy with thee, well
knowing how trying it nuist be; though 1
have no manner of doubt of its being right.
Our path through this vale of tears seems to
be a singular one ; but no matter, if we land
safe at last. Be encouraged, my dear love,
to faithfulness; — we know no other way to
peace. We find it necessary to dwell deep :
— let us steadily continue in the patience : —
no matter how little or how obscure we are,
if we are near our blaster.

D. Darby and R. Young are here, preparing
to embark for home ; by whom I intend to
send this letter. Samuel Emlen and William
Savory, a Friend belonging to this city, also
two women Friends from the country, whose
names I do now recollect, all intend going in
the same ship, and expect to sail in ten days.
D. Darby and R. Young, have, I believe,
laboured honestly and very diligently in this
land, and have left a sweet savour where
they have been : — I hope they may be favour-
ed to reach their native land in peace. M.
Routh is also here ; I met with them all unex-
pectedly, which was very pleasing, after a
long wilderness journey in a very poor coun-
try to the southward. I thought I felt ex-
cused from going to South Carolina and
Georgia, at least at this time : I have spent
the last winter in Maryland, Virginia and
North Carolina. Thou must endeavour, my
dear, to keep in the patience ; there seems a
large field before me, and when I shall get
through I know not ; but I am as diligent as
I am able to bear, and through favour, as
well in my health as when at home. If I am
longer in visiting America than some have
been, do not think it strange ; Friends within
a few years past are spread many hundreds of
miles back into the woods ; and I have often
been detained visiting families ; — I suppose I
have visited six or seven hundred families; —
I wish much to do what is required, that I
may find peace at last.

I often feel for thee and my dear children
with anxious solicitude of soul ; and when I
am labouring among young people, which has
been much my concern, I often remember,
that I have left my own : but I am sometimes
comforted in recollecting, that I have com-
i\iitted them to the keeping of the good
Shepherd ; and a hope is with me, that if
they will be teachable children, He will care
for them: whether it be His will that we
should meet in mutability or not, if we meet
ill a better country. His will be done.

[From Philadelphia John Wigham jour-
neyed towards New York, holding several
meetings; among which he mentions. Alms-
wick and Colebarrack, asaffijrding a pleasant
prospect, from there being a number of reli-
gious young people, and some under convince-
nient ; particularly at the former place, where
he says he had a comfortable silent meeting.
Leaving New York, ho proceeded to Flush-



ing ; where, and at some other places, he had
meetings; and returned again to that cily.
His manuscript, at this part supplies no
dates, but continues with the following re-
marks : — ]

Friends in Long Island seem to me to de-
pend too much on the labours of others, of
wliich much has been bestowed, for they have
several able ministers among them ; their
desire to hear preaching makes them wait for
it, thus neglecting their own exercise ; so that
though very plain in appearance, their attain-
ments in religion, are, 1 fear, but small
They are trusting too much to the form : —
may the Lord break their false rest, and give
them to see the danger of such a state.

From New York I went to Rahway and to
Plainfield to attend the Monthly Meeting.
The case of a mulatto woman, who had ap-
plied for membership with Friends, came
before the meeting: a committee had been
appointed to visit her, and reported their
satisfaction as to her convincement ; but
thought it unsafe to receive her on account of
her colour ! After much discussion, it was at
last concluded to refer the matter to the
Quarterly Meeting. How hard it is to over-
come old prejudices.

Proceeded to Squanknm, Little and Great
Egg Harbour, and several other places, to
Philadelphia, where I attended meetings on
First-day ; and on Second, accompanied by
my beloved friend Samuel Smith, also Ebe-
nezer Cresson, and several other Friends, I
went to Plymouth, Providence, and Pottsgrove;
where I parted with all my companions, ex-
cept Ebenezer Cresson, who continued with
me, and we had meetings at a number of
places. On our way to Milesburgh, up the
river Susquehanna, we passed through a very
pleasant valley, among good land for about
thirty miles. There are none of our Society
at Milesburgh; but Richard Miles, the founder
of the town, entertained us kindly, and we had
a satisfactory meeting on First-day.

(To be continued.)



For" The Friend."
JOHN D.WIS.

(Continued from page 80.)

Shortly I was concerned to go to a Friends'
meeting, about five miles off; and, notwith-
standing what had passed, I had much ado to
persuade myself to sit down amongst such a
poor despised people ; but the Lord led mc.
We sat in silence for nearly two hours, and I
had a testimony in my heart for them, that
they were of God ; — He owned them, and I
was glad I was amongst them, for the Lord's
power and presence was with them, of which
I was a witness. A woman Friend spoke a
few words, by which my spirit was comforted.
Meeting broke up, several perceiving I was a
stranger, were civil to me ; and an ancient
honest Friend took me to his house. After
spending some time together in sweet conver-
sation, we parted. This Friend was made
instrumental as a help to me in many respects.

I rode home, but the news of my having
been at a tiuakers' meeting get there before
me ; and a mighty noise it made. I took



little notice, hut went to my friend, to inform
him of the satisfaction I had had that day, and
to encourage him to faithfulness.

About this period, one of our lady's inaids
manifested a tenderness of spirit, and showed
herself desirous of upholding the Truth in its
inward and spiritual appearance, and grew
uneasy respecting her dress. This raised
great persecution against me, and much dis-
pleasure from the lady, who called the priest
to her assistance, when they two endeavoured
many ways to get me out of the family.
They told my master I was a Jesuit, that I
would corrupt the whole house, and it was
scandalous in him to keep me. Another
thing at which she was highly offended with
me was: — She attended the coronation of
Queen Anne, and being of a comely person,
had the vanity to be dressed up in her court
robes, and appoint a time for the family and
several neighbours to come and see her. I
was solicited amongst the rest thus to gratify
her vanity; but through the strengtii God
gave, 1 was enabled to refuse, and bear my
testimony against the display; — calling it
" pride and vanity." This made her very
bitter at first ; but she afterwards publicly
declared at her table, that she understood I
had turned Quaker; and, if true, it was for
the better, for now I served the family abun-
dantly more faithfully than before.

The office I held I filled with satisfaction
to my master, so that he was not willing to
part with me. I began to be weary of the
troubles I had long e.xperienced in this fami-
ly ; yet, in wailing on the Lord for direction,
He showed ine I must remain until turned out
of doors. This counsel I was helped to fol-
low. My master was continually teased by
his wife and the priest concerning me, so that
he sent for one of his stewards, — my particu-
lar friend — telling him I was not fit to slay in
the house, and therefore he must give me
warning to quit. The steward replied, " Tho
fit of humour he is in will not last. He has
more wit than continue in it." My master,
who liked me well, agreed to retain me on
certain conditions, which he desired the stew-
ard to propose, viz. : —

First. — I must engage not go to the
Quakers' meeting oftener than I used to
attend chapel ; which was very seldom.

Secondly. — I must not talk of religion to
tho other servants, or any of the strangers
who came to the house.

Thirdly. — I must neither ask to go myself
nor take any of the servants with me to meet-
ing.

To the first I answered, — I know not how
it may be if I stay twelve months here, or if
left at my liberty.

To the second, — That I did not and should
noi force any discnurse of a religious nature
upon any ; but if asked questions, I should
consider myself at liberty to answer as I
thought meet.

To the third. — I could not tell whether I
might or might not request any to go to meet-
ing. If they had a mind to go I should not
hinder them, nor be compelled to refuse them
my company, if I thought right.

He reasoned with me respecting my



86



THE FRIEND.



hill



answers. I buing fixed, k
tlicm to my master.

About this lime, as I wa
Lord iu my bed, 1 had a v
having to meet much trouble
in my heart to the Lord, tiiat He
ploiisfd to convince my wile of tl



to curry still in the hands of iiis false friends, and the
servant waiting for an answer to carry to the
aiting on the master, I looked earnestly at my companioi;,
given me of and asked, " if he would go with me ?" when
id a cry arose he quietly agreed to. This was as marrow to
ould be my bones, and away we went; but he cast a
blessed longing look behind at the palace of h'gypl.
Trull), so that I might have some comfort in 1 encouraged him, by saying, it would be the
that respect. — (She was then in London, and best woik we ever did in our lives. We got
1 about eighty miles distant.) Such was the to meeting, which was silent, excepting that
mercy »nd condescension of the Lord, that a woman Friend spoke a few words ; and the
before I saw her she was powerfully visited ^Lord's power and presence was with his peo-
bv Him, and had become a religious charac- pie, of which we were measurably made par-
ter, and an honest Friend ; for which my soul takers. An ancient Friend took us to his
makes thankful acknowledgment. house, encouraged us to be faithful ; and in

But to return to my friend, of whom I much love we parted. On going home, we
mi"ht write many things hard to be believed, I received information that our master had or-
for which reason 1 shall omit them, and relate dered we should nut stay in the house tliat
what follows. The time drew near, when the night, but go to the inn near; and in the
terrors and judgments of the Lord followed morning come to settle accounts, and be dis-
him, and he was brought in some degree to.ciiarged. The Lord gave me a good night,
obedience; but the lady, who was kind tojand we were both surprisingly strong next
him, used all possible means to divert his | day, when we went to arrange our matters,
attention from the right thing, she having her and to be discharged. My friend was again
instruments, who kept him almost continually 'sorely beset by the lady, who brought many
intoxicated, so that wickedness increased in
him ; and my trouble on his account was in-
expressible. One night, as I lay in bed, I had
a sight of his further backsliding, which
brought great trouble on my spirit; and call-



to a servant that lay near, I bid him tell
my friend I was not well, and I wanted to
speak with him. He got out of bed, and
came and sat down by me, when I told him
the oppression of my spirit on his account,
and that the Lord was displeased with him :
but for a time his heart was very hard. 1 felt



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 32 of 154)