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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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npiirchendcd that way was oponinff for him lo retun
home, and he had given his friends and near connec
tims some expccUtion.that lie might arrive in lime l(
attend the Yearly Meeting in London in I7!)7; and in
nnticipition of this being the cise, his beloved wile
went up thither, hoping In meet him, but was, of
course, painfully disappointed. When, however, he
boeinie fully convinced of the Divine requiring for
farther gospel labour in America, he evinced his dodi.
calion to the cause he had espoused, by yielding thereto
in simple oliedicnee. In allusion to the subject, he says
in a letter to a Friend, " through favour I have been
I say, — ' Thy will bo done.' "



how safe !



Charleston, South Carolina,
aist of Fourth month, 17



ved here yester-



be recuUecled, were the foUuwing: —
His companion and he, having, as before sta-
ted, only one horse to carry themselves and
saddle bags, rose early in the morning, and
travelled till about ten o'clock, when they
stopped to breakfast. They had only just



To Ann Christy.— I
day, having had a passage of two weeks from coiiinienced their repast, when an alarm was
Philadelphia; in which we met with contrary j given, that their horse, which had been put
winds, thunder-gusts, and squalls ; but we . i„io the stable, but not tied up, had run off,
were preserved through all; and neither niy I having, as was thought, followed some other
companion nor myself sick, which I esteem a^ horses that had been passing. John Wighain,
oreat favour. his companion, and some other persons, imme-

We have made a sudden transition from : diately set out in pursuit, following him into
winter to summer, — every thing here is in full i the woods. They were not long in finding
bloom, — green peas in perfection, — peaches him, for in crossing a piece of boggy ground,
half grown, and figs just setting. How my | the horse sunk down into it so completely,
poor tabernacle will stand this hot climate I that all the exertions of the parly, continued



know not, it IS now very warm.

There are very few in this city that pro-
fess witl4,us, though they do keep up a meet-
ing : the family where we are lodged, received
us'' kindly; though, except the man Friend,
the rest of the family were dressed in high
French fashion. It appears to be a place of
idleness and dissipation} — the while inhabit-
ants being supported by the lab
slave; indeed, it may truly be



for several hours, failed in extricating him.
Towards afternoon, John Wigham, having
become faint from fatigue and want of food,
lay down on the ground, in sorrow and per-
plexity. W' liilst lying in this exhausted con-
dition, it occurred to him, to have small bran-
ches cut from trees, and trodden down into
the bog, just before the horse's head. His
rs of the j assistants, on his suggesting it, adopted this
id, these plan, until they had formed a pretty firm foot-



southern states are a land of dffkness,— dark- 1 ing near the animal's fnrc-feet : they then
ness that may be felt ; and yet in this thick [ excited him to a fresh effort, when he speedily
darkness, the people are boasting of light and raised himself on the platform thus prepared,
liberty;— a miserable mournful situation, pride and to the great relief of John Wigham and
and oppression abounding. I do not want to his companion, came out without having sus-
hurt thy feeling mind, dear , with such | tained any injury.]



At Wriglitsburgh, we lodged at a Friend's
house, aad got aiiollier horse. Visited all
the meetings iu Georgia and South Carolina,
and returned to Charleston, 'iS3 miles. Had
a public meeting in the Council Chamber
above the Exchange, a large place, and pretty
well filled, chiefly by men of the upper rank ;
who behaved as well as I expected, consider-
ing the fear they seem to feel with respect to
their slaves. The doctrines of Christianity
are so opposed to their practice, that it is hard
for them to hear the Truth declared. How-
ever, I was favoured to get through to some
satisfaction, without meeting with any public
opposition ; though I sensibly If It an opposing
spirit. My gracious Master took away fear,
and enabled ine honestly to deliver what was
given ine; for which I feel thankful. At the
close of the meeting, some of the methodists,
particularly a preacher, came and otfered
their meeting-house to accommodate the peo-
ple of colour. As I had felt drawn towards a
meeting with that people, I accepted the offer:
the methodists also undertook to give notice
that the meeting was to be held on First-day
morning.



Fur " Tlie Frien

THE TIMKS.

(Concluiled frum page 92.)

Before I conclude these observations on the
peculiar state of affairs in these eventful times,
I wish to offar a few remarks to the se-
rious attention of a class of persons, differing
from either of those who have been alluded to
in the foregoing Bssays. I mean such as
have not been engaged in immoderate wordly
pursuits; have not been making haste to be
rich, nor hazarding the properly of other men
in doubtful schemes to increase their ovvn ;
and who have yet been permitted to feel the
effects of the storm which has burst upon us,
and have suffered the loss of much, if not all,
which they possessed. Such a dispensation
is peculiarly trying, though it is undoubtedly
intended by our heavenly Father to work out
some important and valuable end. But if
such are not very watchful and guarded, the
enemy will frustrate the good designed to
grow out of it, and greatly embitter the trial,
by stirring up a repining and murmuring dis-
position, so that instead of the affliction soft-
ening the heart and driving it closer home to
God, the only sure anri unchanging source of
comfort, it will become obdurate, soured and
alienated from Him.

Such persons may think, and perhaps with
some degiee of justice, that they were inno-
cent of" the great transgressions," in relation
to pecuniary matters, which have provoked
the Divine iiispleasure and chastisement, and
may therefore be inclined to suppose that they
had ground to expect an exemption from the
calamity ; but what man is there of us all,
who, upon a narrow and impartial inspection
into the state of his heart, as it appears in the
sight of Heaven, feels not that his many short-
comings and backslidings have deserved at the
Divine hand, puiiishineiit vastly greater than
any thing he has sufil-red.



THE FRIEND.

It is to be observed also, that the love of j
money is extremely insidious ; and screens I
itself under so many fair guises, that even a
sincere Christian may be led into a very erro- 1
neons judgment of his own state touching this |
" root of all evil," unless the deceitfulness of
his own heart, and of this destroyer, be fully
laid open by the Spirit of Truth. Instances
are not wanting where other means of accom-
|)lishii)g this blessed end, seemed ineft'eclual,
until the time of stripping came, and then
the man who flattered himself with the self-
complacent opinion that he was only " dili-
gent in business," and prudent and thrifty in
his worldly concerns; and that his attachment
to his possessions was kept in due subjection,
has evinced by his lamentation over their loss,
that his case was much like his who cried
out, " Ye have taken away my gods that I
have made, and what have I more ?" " The
life is more than meat, and the body than
raiment ;" and if that " life, which is hid with
Christ in God," is preserved, the privation of
all things else is of comparatively little mo-
ment. Instead therefore of mourning over
what we have lost, let us rather number the
blessings which a beneficent Creator is still
pleased to grant us, and endeavour to double
our diligence in laying up treasure in heaven,
" where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt,
nor thieves break through and steal ;" that so
we may have a good foundation against the
day of trouble, and be prepared to meet
whatever trials may assail us, with Christian
fortitude and resignation, knowing that we
are but strangers and pilgrims on earth, and
are " seeking another and better country, that
is an heavenly."

The eminent apostle of the gentiles counted
all things but loss for the excellency of the
knowledge of Christ Jesus his Lord ; and if
this is happily our experience, we shall be
enabled to rejoice in all those dispensations of
Divine Providence, which tend to divest us of
every inferior attachment ; to break up every
polluted and false dependence, and drive us
home for comfort and satisfaction, to the
blessed foretaste of that rest which remaineth
for the people of God. The vicissitudes we
have witnessed in all that pertains to this life,
teach us the important lesson that this is not
our home; and that however lawful the true
enjoyment of earthly good is to the sincere
Christian, if used in the fear of the Lord,
yet that our hopes of happiness can never rest
securely on any foundation but that of the
Divine favour, having an interest in Him
" who died for us, and rose again," and
through submission to the sanctifying ope
ations of his grace, knowing our salvation to
be wrought out in fear and trembling.

This blessed privilege is freely offered for
the acceptance of all who are willing to com-
ply with the unalterable terms, on which only
it is to be obtained ; and whatever our tem-
poral losses or disappointments may have
been, it is animating and encouraging to know
that nothing can deprive us of the glorious
boon of being " heirs of God, and joint heirs
with Christ," in an everlasting crown and
inheritance, but our own unwillingness to sub-
mit to the necessary preparation for entering



103

upon its enjoyment. Why then should we
waste our time in idle lamentation over the
trifles which have been taken from us, to the
neglect of the " unsearchable riches of
Christ," which can never perish or depre-
ciate ? — let us rather forget the things which
are behind, and " press toward the mark for
the prize of the high calling of God in Christ
Jesus our Lord," having our eye fixed on the
eternal recompence of reward, which is at the
end of the race.



SAA'OUa OF LIFE UNTO LIFE.

Thomas Story relates in his Journal the
following circumstance under date of 1699: —

" At New Castle we met with our good
friend Samuel Carpenter, his wife, and some
other Friends of Philadelphia, and we were
kindly received to lodging with him. And
next day (being the Fifth of the week) we had
a large meeting there, and were much com-
forted in the blessed Truth among Friends;
and staying over the First-day meeting, and
the Third-day following, we had a meeting at
Merion with the Welsh Friends, on the 1.5th,
among whom I was much satisfied : for
several of them appearing in testimony in
the British tongue, which I did not under-
stand ; yet, being the word of Truth in them,
as instruments moved thereby, I was as much
refreshed as if it had been in my own lan-
guage ; which confirmed me in what I had
thought before, that where the Spirit is the
same in the preacher and hearer, and is the
Truth, the refreshment is chiefly thereby,
rather than by the form of words or language,
to all that are in the same Spirit at the same
time ; and this is the universal language of
tiie Spirit, known and understood in all
tongues and nations, to them that are born of
him. But, in order to the convincement of
such as know not the Truth ; for the begetting
of Faith in such as do not yet believe therein ;
for the opening of the understanding, by the
form of doctrine, and declaration of the neces-
sary Truths of the gospel and kingdom of
God, intelligible language, uttered under the
immediate influence of the Spirit of Truth, is
indispensably necessary ; as also for the edi-
fying of the church, the body of Christ, in
general."



The OtiUcard Law and Worship distinguish-
ed from the Inward. From Barcluy's Apo-
logy.

The law and rule of the old covenant and
Jews was outward, written in tables of stone
and parchment. But the law of the new
covenant is inward and perpetual, written in
the heart.

The worship of the Jews was outward and
carnal, limited to set times, places, and per-
sons, and performed according to set prescrib-
ed forms and observations. But the worship
of the new covenant is neither limited to time,
place, nor person, but is performed in the Spi-
rit and in truth ; and it is not acted according
to set forms and prescriptions, hut as the Spi-
rit of God immediately actuates, moves, and
leads, whether it be to preach, pray, or sing.



104



TJIE FRIEND.



THE FIT OF ABSTRACriON.

From Old Humphrey's " Thoujlits for Ihc Tliouglitful."

It was on a sharp, frosty day, at the latter
end of December, when, standing up at the
window, to look at the trees powdered over
as they were with snow, and at the poor Imlf-
famish(.'d birds that were rendered tame by
the sevpiilyofthe season, that I gave way to
a fit of benevolent abstraction. I will en-
deavour to set down my ruminations.

" Oh !" thought I, " that it were possible
for me to do some kindly deed to every man,
woman, and child, under the canopy of
heaven ! Oh, that I could for once in my life
make every eye sparkle ; every pulse throb,
and every heart beat with delight ! Had I the
power, the poor should be made rich ; the
rich more alHuent than they are, and the one
and the other should have heavenly hopes
ad Jed to their earthly enjoyments!" Now this
was all very beautiful, and I no doubt thought
so, for I continued my musings of benevo-
lence.

" How delightful it would be to comfort the
afflicted; to raise the fallen; to lilierale the
captive; to heal the sick; to bind up the
bruised and broken, and to scatter abroad,
wide as the world, the elements of peace,
comfort, satisfaction, happiness, and delight!"
If any thing, this latter burst of philan-
thropy was finer than the former; and most
likely, at the moment, my countenance bright-
ened up in contemplating the fair picture
which my fancy in such glowing colours had
drawn. But not yet was the fountain of my
good intentions dry, or the treasure-house of
my munificence exhausted ; for thus did I con-
tinue my abstraction.

" Had I the power and the opportunity to
bless mankind, friend and foe should alike be
the partakers of my bounty ; misery should be
unknown ; unkindness should be banished
from the world, and the nations of the earth
should celebrate an unbroken jubilee of joy."
By the time that I had arrived at this ex-
alted climax of philanthropy, I stood tolerably
high in my own estimation, and how much
higher I might have elevated myself it would
be hard to say ; but, at the moment, my oppo-
site neighbour opened his door to let in a
strange cat, which had for some time been
mewing in the cold ; he brought out, too, di-
rectly after, some broken victuals to a shivering
lad, who had undertaken for a trifle to sweep
away the snow from his door, and scattered a
liberal handful of crumbs around for the bene-
fit of the poor birds.

With shame and confusion I reflected on
my useless thovsfhts, and on my neighbour's
deeds. I had stood stock still, idly dreaming
on iwao'inari/ kindness ; while he had really
performed three acts of unobtrusive charity.
When shall we learn that benevolence con-
sists not in thinking, but in doing ? A real
penny outweighs an ideal pound, and a cup n|
cold water given with kindness, is better than
rivers of oil flowing only in the imagination.



THE FRIEND.



TUELl TII MONTH, 24, 1842.



He who waits till
moved, will never act.



ill difficulties are re^



The Green Mountain State, it appears, has
fairly taken the lead of her sisters of the con-
federacy on the subject of capital punishments.
May the influence of her example spread until
this relic of a barbarous age be expunged from
the statute books of all the states. We copy
the following from one of the daily papers : —

" Vermont has set an example, which will
eventually be followed by every State, she has
abolished capital punishment, and substituted
imprisonment for life, unless the governor
shall, after one year, issue a warrant requir-
ing the criminal to be executed. This law
has received the governor's signature, and is
now the statute of the state. It is a most
important act, and we believe as wise a one
as could be adopted. Every day's experience
shows the repugnance in the public mind to
condemning a man to death, a feeling which
is so strong as to excite a false and pernicious
sympathy in behalf of the murderer, which
leads too frequently to his entire escape from
any penalty."

By another and still more important legis-
lative movement, that state has evinced a spi-
rit of liberality in advance of the age : —

From the North American.
ANTI-SLAA'ERY IN VERMONT.

An ominous movement has just been made
in the Vermont Legislature with regard to sla-
very. It appears to us as the most important
step which has yet been taken against the
institution. We refer to the following series
of resolutions, passed without a dissenting
voice by both branches of that body. They
come therefore with all the weight of both
political parties, and may be assumed as an
expression of the opinions and desires of the
whole people of Vermont.

Resolutions passed unanimously hy both
branches of the Vermont Legislature.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Rep-
resentatives : —

1. That as the representatives of the peo-
ple of the State of Vermont, we do protest
against the admission into the Union of any
State whose constitution tolerates domestic
slavery, or the annexation of Texas, or any
other territory in which slavery exists.

2. That we believe that Congress has the
power by the Constitution of the United
Slates, to abolish slavery and the slave trade
in the District of Columbia, and in the terri-
tories of the United States; and that if Con-
gress refuse to abolish slavery in the District
of Columbia, that the seat of the general go-
vernment ought to be removed from that Dis-
trict, to a place where slavery and the slave-
trade do not exist.

•i. That we believe Congress has Constitu-
tional power to prohibit the slave-trade be-
tween the several States in this Union, and to
make such laws as shall ellectually prevent
this trade, and ought to exercise this power.

4. That the Constitution of the United



States ought to be amended, so as to prevent
the existence and maintenance of slavery in
the United States in any form or manner.

5. That our Senators in Congress be in-
structed, and our representatives be request-
ed, to present the foregoing resolutions to
their respective Houses in Congress, and to
use their influence to carry out the principles
thereof.

6. That the Governor of this State be re-
quested to transmit a copy of the foregoing
resolutions to each of our Senators and Re-
presentatives in Congress.



NOTICE.

A young man, a Friend, having nearly
completed a liberal education in one of the
eastern colleges, is desirous of obtaining a
situation as instructor in some Friends' school.
He would prefer a situation either as principal
or assistant instructor in ancient languages ;
but would accept the charge of a school in
which are taught the branches of learning
generally.

The best of testimonials can be given rela-
tive to ability and moral character.

Applications made either to L. A. E.,
Brunswick, Maine, or to H. E., Bristol, Bucks
county, Pa., will receive prompt attention.



Married, at Friends' Meeting.liouse, Baltimore, on
llie I4lh instant, Gilbert Congdon, of Providence, R.
I., to Mary R. Hopkins, oftiie former place.



Died, on tlie IHtli of last month, Debor.\h Jones, in
tlie 84th year of her age ; a member of lialtimore Par-
ticular Meeting. Slie was paying a visit to licr rela-
tives in Berks county, Pa., where, meeting with an
accident, she became ill, and not long after departed
tliis life ; leaving them " abundant reason to believe,
that their loss was her eternal gain."

, on the evening of the first instant, Henrt C,

son of P,ichard Williams, of this city, in the ISth year
of his age.

, suddenly, on the 4th instant, John Dukehart,

in the 68th year of his age ; a member of Baltimore
Particular Meeting.

, on Fourth. day, tlie 14lh inst., wliile on a visit

at the residence of Jonathan C. Baldwin, near Down-
ingtown, Chester County, Pa., after an illness of twenty.
eight hours, Mary B. Cope, a member of West Chester
particular meeting, in the forty -ninth year of her age.

, on Fifth-day morning, the ISlh instant, Cath-
arine Sheppard, aged eighty years; a valuable elder
of the Northern District Monthly meeting. Two days
before her death, though somewhat indisposed, she at-
tended the week-day meeting to which she belonged.
That night she was taken alarmingly ill, continued so
during the next day, and on the subsequent one, was
gathered in peace. On the morning of h.r death, she
said to a beloved Friend who had called to sic her, "I
have attained to a pretty great age ; and it is not to be
expected that I can last long. I have been looking
around, and can see nothing in my way. I hope 1 am
not mistaken. 1 trust that my omissions and commis-
sions will be forgiven. The Lord Jesus is our Inter-
cessor." Awakening from sleep awhile after, she re.
marked, " This seems like the sleep of death :" then,
breatlrng shorter and shorter, she quietly passed away.
— Our dear departed Friend, was characterised hy an
honest Irankncss of character, that needed not, and knew
not, disguise. She was concerned to preserve the in-
cient doctrines of the Suciety from innovation on every
hand; was "given to hospitality;" and we thankfully
believe, that to her the language was verified, " Thou
shalt come to tiiy grave in a full age, like as a shock of
corn coming in in his season."



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



VOL. XVI.



SEVENTH-DA?, TWEI.FTH IKtOlTTH,



dipi842



xro. 14.



EDITED BY ROUERT SJIITM.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Price two dollats per annum, payablein adva
Subscriptions and Payments received by
GEORGE W. TAYLOR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOCRTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



NUTRITION OF PLANTS.

(Concluded from page D8.)

It is not unfrequently necessary that a store
of nutritive matter, which may be required at
some tiilure time, should be provided in the
vegetable system, in such a situation that it
shall be out of the general current of ihe
circulation, ^and at the same time easily
brought into it. In animals, the fat consti-
tutes a store of this kind. The superfluous
nutriment introduced into their system is con-
verted into this substance ; which, besides
other purposes that it serves, is ready for the
support of the body, when from any cause
tiiere is a failure of the supply on which the
auiinal usually depends. In some animals,
this production of fat lakes place at regular
periods; thus bears, which pass nearly the
whole winter in sleep, and take little food
during that season, become very plump in
the autumn, and are observed to be very lean
soon after they have emerged from their
winter retreat.

Now the starch which is found so abun-
dantly in many plants, and in some part of
almost every one, serves the same purpose as
fat. It is guin, slightly altered, and enclosed,
as it were, in a series of minute bags, which
fill the cells of cellular tissue and receive
their form. Starch, when removed from the
plant, exists in the form of minute granules ;
each of which, when examined with the mi-
croscope, is found to consist of a series of lay-
ers of a half-fluid substance, the interior ones,
being nearly fluid like dissolved gum, and
those on the outside being almost as firm as
membrane. When put into cold water, they
retain their structure, as the outside layer is
not acted on by that fluid ; but when exposed
to a heat of about 160^, this little sac bursts,
and its contents are set free and dissolved in
the water ; and this is why starch, once dis-
solved in hot water, can never be restored to
its original form.

Thus, then, we may consider starch as lit-
tle else than gum divided into minute por-
tions, and stored up out of the way of the
nutrient fluid, which would otherwise dissolve
it whilst circulating. In all instances, the
stores of this substance appear destined for



the nourishment of young parts^since they
are found in the neighbourhood of these, and
are exhausted by their growth. Thus, starch
forms a large part of the substance of all
seeds ; sometimes (as in the corn grains)
being deposited aromid the germ of the young



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 39 of 154)