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ties, beginning at a post at the corner of
Arnold Castle's land, thence by the said
Casde's line, and the land of Fairhill Meeting-
house E. N. E. 56 perches to a second post,
then N. N. W. by the line of Nicholas
Wain's land 56 A perches to a third post ;
then W. S. W. 56 perches to a fourth post ;
then by the line of John Mitchenor's land S.
S. E. 561 to the beginning, containing 20
acres; and a lot on High street, between
Third and Fourth streets, from Delaware,
bounded on the north by High street, east by
a vacant lot, south by the back end of Chest-
nut street lots, west by Thomas Barker's lot,
in breadth 33 feet, and in depth 306 feet ; also
a lot on Front street, between Sassafras street,
formerly Songhurst street, and Vine street,
formerly called Valley street, in breadth 25
feet, and in length 426 feet, bounded north
with a vacant lot, east with Front street, south
with a lot of William Taylor, and west by
Second street, the said land and lots being
granted A:c. to the trustees, their heirs and
assigns forever, in right of George Fox's
purchase, subject to the payment to the pro-
prietary yearly for the land 2^ pence, silver



money of England, and for the High street
lot 15 pence like money.

In the same year, another patent issued to
the same trustees for a bank lot, opposite the
Front street lot, 25 feet front and 250 feet in
length to the river Delaware.

In 1719, the lot on High street was let on a
perpetual ground-rent of six pounds per an-
num.

In 1746, the bank lot was sold on an annual
ground-rent of 10 poimds.

The legal heirs of George Fox, made a
claim to this property in 1758, but suflered it
to rest for several years; the claim was re-
vived afterwards, and a suit at law brought
to recover possession. When the cause was
about to be tried in court in 1765, the parties
agreed to refer the matter to six persons,
whose decision should be final and conclusive.
The referees made a report in 1766, in which
they state, that in their opinion, the title to
the land is in the plaintiffs ; but that the de-
fendants have an equitable claim thereto ; that
in justice the plainlifls should make a legal
title, and the defendants pay 500 pounds for
the same.

In consequence of this award the repre-
sentatives of the legal heirs of George Fox
executed deeds for the property in question,
to the respective owners and trustees for
Friends, and were paid the five hundred
pounds awarded.

The property is described in the award as
follows, viz. : —

A certain lot of ground situate on High
street 161 feet front, and extending that
width in depth 140 feet, then widening east-
ward of the same bicadth of 33 feet about 166
feet, in the possession of Benjamin P'ranklin.
A certain other li^t on the south side of High
street 16|- feet, by 140 feet, bounded west and
south by the lot abfive mentioned, in the pos-
session of Elizaboih Cunningham. Another
lot on Front street 25 feet, by 282 feet ; and a
lot on Second street 25 feet front, &c., twenty
acres, in the possession of John Reynell and
Israel Pemberton, near the land of Fair Hill
Meeting-house.

In the year 1767, a part of the lot that
fronted on Second street was let on ground-
rent, 17 feet front by 180 feet, leaving an eight
feet wide alley on the south. The Front street
part remains in the ]>ossession of Friends ; on
this is a building having an alley on the south;
this alley, and the one on Second street, were
used as passages to Friends' North Meeting-
house, which was disposed of a few years
back, and converted into one of the Public
School-houses ; the 25 feet composing the
southern part of the yard belonging to this
school-house, was part of the lot granted by
the patent first mentioned. The lot on High



114

street was in part owned and occupied by Dr.
Benjamin Franklin, his mansion standing back
from the street, the entrance being by Frank-
lin court, since opened through to Chestnut
street.

The liberty land, is on what is now called
the Germantown turnpike road, near the three
mile stone : what was once Fair Hill Meeting-
house, and the grave-yard are adjoining.



A Hint to a Neighbour on Indigestii



From Old Hiiniphri



iit:hls for the Thouglllful.'



As you are troubled with indigestion, taking
medicine, and leading a weary life of it, now
better for a season, and then again worse than
ever, I will prescribe for you. Experience is
an excelleiii physician ; take then my recipe.
You are welcome to it, though it is invalu-
able.

Look less to the food you eat, and more to
the temper and frame of mind in which yon
eat it.

Instead of getting much physic into your
stomach, get a little thankfulness into your
heart, and you will soon see what will become
of your indigestion. The love of God shed
abroad in the heart helps the temper; a good
temper helps the appetite ; a good appetite
helps the stomach ; and a good stomach assists
the digestion.

So long as you are under the dominion of
fear, anger, hurry, care, grief, ill-temper, or
any bad passion, you may live in vain on the
wings of larks, the thighs of wood-cocks, and
the breasts of partridges. Nothing will suit
your digestion : the tender will become tough,
and the light will lie heavy on your stomach.

Let love, joy, peace, long suffering, gentle-
ness, goodness, abide and abound in your
heart. Obtain this spirit ; eat your food under
its influence, and get often into the fresh air;
and, take my word for it, you will ere long be
able to eat toasted cheese and barn dumplings
with impunity.

WANT OF FORBEARANCE.

From tlie same.

For shame ! for shame! Hasty, impatient,
and petuleiit Christian! Was David the song
of the drunkards ? Was Elisha the derision of
children? Was Paul called a madman ? And
must thou hold up thy head, forsooth, and feel
indignation on account of a trifling injury ?
Dost thou profess to bo a follower of thy meek
and lowly Lord and l\Iaster, and fly ofl" in a
tangent, because a slight indignitj' has been
put upon thee? Go and ponder the words,
" With all lowliness and meekness with long-
suffering, forbearing one another in love."
Eph. iv. 2.

Was righteous Abel slain? Was Daniel
cast into the lion's den ? Were those of whom
the world was not worthy, sawn asunder ?
Was Stephen stoned to death, and the Lord of
life and glory taunted, bufl'cted, spat upon,
scourged, and crucified ? and canst not thou
bear with an offending brother without giving
way to anger, hatred, malice, and uncharit-
ableness ? Fur shame ! for shame ! Open thy



THE FRIEND.

Bible, and let the following text be the subject
of thy meditations. "If ye forgive men their
trespasses, your Heavenly Father will also
forgive you; but if ye forgive not men their
trespasses, neither will your Father forgive
your trespasses." Matt. vi. 14, 15.

Should it happen, reader, that thou hast a
hasty spirit within thy bosom, think not that
my remarks are directed against thy infirmity.
No, no, not a word of it. The truth is, that
my temper has been too easily ruffled, and
every syllable I have uttered hasbeen directed
against the hot-head and angry heart of Old
Humphrey.

JBERIVAUD CILPIN.

From ttie same.

Oh how I love to read of a man who has
loved mercy, and practised kindness I Bernard
Gilpin lived in the reigns of Queen Mary and
Queen Elizabeth, and obtained by his piety,
zeal, and benevolence, the name of " The
Apostle of the North." At that time, the
feuds and quarrels among the people of the
north countries ran high, and very few men
had sufficient influence to soften down the
angry passions of the people. On one occa-
sion, when Bernard was in tlie pulpit, two
opposing parties met in the church, and there
seemed but little doubt that a fray was on the
eve of taking place. Bernard descended from
the pulpit, and placing himself between the
hostile parties, prevailed on them to put off
their intended battle till the service should be
over. He then exhorted them from the pulpit
in so earnest, affectionate, and effectual a
manner, that they gave up their purpose of
fighting on that day, and also agreed that so
long as the good man remained in the neigh-
bourhood, there should be no strife and con-
tention between them.

It is written, " Blessed are the peace-
makers : for they shall be called the children
of God." Matt. V. 9. Now when we read this
text, and when we hear of instances like that
related of Bernard Gilpin, wherein a kindly
spirit has subdued the rage of hot and angry
hearts, it should move us to make trial of our
powers in the art of peace-making. It is a
noble achievement to bring one to his proper
senses, who has been beside himself with
anger, hatred, malice, and all uncharitable-
ness ! to take the fire from the inflamed eye ;
the venom from the stinging tongue; to dis-
arm the uplifted hand, and to change the bit-
terness of the revengeful bosom into forgive-
ness and love !

The readiest way to fit ourselves to be
peace-makers, is to encourage a peaceable
disposition in our own hearts, taking heed to
the exhortation of the apostle : " Let all bit-
terness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour,
and evil speaking, be put away from you, with
all malice : and be ye kind one to another,
tender-hearted, forgiving one another, even as
God, for Christ's sake, hath forgiven you."
Eph. iv. 31, 32.



He that runs in a way he knows not, may
come to a homo be loves not.



THE IMilAN iniBES.

Extract from the Report of the i>(cretary of
War, dated Not: 26/A, 1842.

The condition of our affairs with the Indians
presents a subject of tlie deepest interest to
every philanthro|)isl. The report of the com-
missioner who has iheni immediately under
his charge, with the acconjpanying tabular
statements, and the returns of the various su-
perintendents and agents, furnish copious
information of the results of past labours, and
the grounds of hope for the continued im-
provement of these victims of the progress of
civilization. The policy of removing the In-
dians from their native homes to make room
lor the white man, and of collecting them in
large bodies on our western frontier, is not
now debateable. It has been long settled, and
it may now be considered as having been exe-
cuted. There is no more land east of the
Mississippi, remaining unceded, to be desired
by us. No new source of expense on this
account need be opened for many years to
come ; and when the treaties now pending
shall be ratified, and those requiring the re-
moval of Indians shall be executed, our 83-8-
tem will become settled. It is to be hoped
that the red man will then be suffered to rest
in peace, and that our undivided ellbrts will be
bestowed in discharging the fearful responsi-
bilities we have incurred to improve his intel-
lectual and moral condition as the only means
of rendering him happy here or hereafter.

From the returns we have been able to
obtain, it appears that 83,124 have been re-
moved to the regions west of the Mississippi ;
and that of the once numerous tribes east of
that river, less than 25,000 souls remain.
The greater portion of these are under treaty
obligations to remove within a very few years.

This policy of collectmg the Indiaiis has
proceeded on the idea of relieving them from
their dependent and degrading condition when
mixed with a white population, and of iso-
lating them from the vices of semi-civiliM-
tion. Scarcely capable of self-government,
they are quite incompetent to protect them-
selves from the frauds and from the violence
of the white man. The present system of
superintendents and agents is inadequate ; and
the time seems to have arrived when we
should turn our attention to devising some
form of government which may secure peace
and order among themselves, and protection
against others. Until they feel safe in their
persons and possessions they can make no ad-
vances towards civilization. Although the
criminal jurisdiction of the adjacent courts of
the United States is extended over them, yet
all experience has shown that it is merely
nominal. The most atrocious offenders are
seldom pursued, and more rarely brought to
justice. Civil obligation it is wholly vain to
attempt to enforce. There is no cause for sur-
prise, that, in this state of things, the law of
force and of retaliation is the only one recog-
nised. The plan of something like a territo-
rial government for the Indians, has been
suggested. The object is worthy the most
deliberate consideration of all who take ao
interest in the fate of this hapless race.



THE FKIEND.



115



licli they are most inclined, many of tiie tribes have already been edu-j Since the last annual report, there has been
5 most deadly to their pros- cated, and prepared to become teachers a treaty concluded and ratified wilh the Sene-



The vice to which

and which is the most deadly ._ ,- . , ,

perity, is an indulgence in intoxicating among their own people. Every school be-:casof N. Y., by which a dispute that threaten-

comes the nursery of new teachers, who,' ed the most ve.xati



liquors. All the powers given to this depart-
ment by existing laws have been exerted to
restrain this propensity, and to prevent the
introduction of alcohol into the Indian coun-
try. Circulars to agents and superintendents,
and instructions to military commanders, have
been reiterated without partial effect. The
cupidity of the white man, boasting of his
superior civilization, stimulates his craft in
devising the means of evading the laws, and
still further brutalizing his ignorant, weak,
and yieldirig red brother. Depositories of
ardent spirits are established on the confines
of the Indian territory, within the jurisdiction
of the states; where the laws of the Union
cannot apply, and where there are none of
the states adapted to the case, or if they exist,
are never executed. Some remedy may be
provided by substituting imprisonment for the
present pecuniary penalty prescribed for sel-
ling or introducing liquor, or establishing dis-
tilleries in the Indian country, which is wholly
ineffectual against a class of persons who
have no visible properly, and by giving juris-
diction over the offence to some local or
other authority to which convenient access
can be had.

Among some of the more civilized tribes,
particularly the Choctaws and Cherokees, it
is understood that the doctrines and the prac-
tice of temperance have made much progress,
and that they have passed some wise laws to
restrain their own people. The fact thus
established, that the Indian can be made tem-
perate, is calculated to cheer us in efforts to
save him.

An exhibit of the condition of the civiliza-
tion fund, and of its application, accompanies
the report of the ctminiissioner. This small
fund has accomplished much. It scatters its
good seed very extensively, and a great por-
tion of it falls in good soil. Its fruits are to
be seen in the gradual, but decided, improve-
ment of many of the Indian tribes. This
fund is applied so as to co-operate, as far as
practicable, with the schools established and
maintained by means of the moneys, provided
by treaties with various tribes, for purposes of
education. From table eighty-four, appended
to the commissioner's report, it appears that
the whole amount thus provided, at tlie pre-
sent time is $67,155. It will also be seen
from table eighty-three, that there are fifty-
two schools maintained for Indian youth, at
which there are 2,133 scholars; of whom
1,058 are boys, and 852 girls, and 222 whose
sex is not stated, were instructed during the
past year, and that from seven schools there
are no returns. Wherever the means of com-
parison exist, it is gratifying to find that the
aggregate number of pupils is on the increase.
Convinced that the only means of diffusing
elementary knowledge among the children of
these people is, to interest their parents in the
undertaking, by enabling them to take a part
in the establishment of schools and in their
supervision, our efforts have been directed to
the encouragement of such seminaries in the
respective nations. A sufficient number of



consequences, has been
being thus prepared at home, removed from j amicably adjusted, the rights of the Indians
the temptations that assail them among the protected; their interests promoted, and the
whites, and retaining the manners of their government relieved from large pecuniary
own people, will be more acceptable and more responsibilities.

successful than any others. In this way only. With the Wyandots, of Ohio, a treaty has
can females be educated, and the potent influ- been ratified by which that state will be re-
ence of mothers be properly directed in the|lieved from a population that incumbered the
formation of the character of the generation | fairest portion of its territory — a portion that
that is soon to take its place in the scene of i will now be opened to enterprise, and contri-
life. Although the academy in Kentucky is bute to a general prosperity,
continued for the double purpose of fulfilling j A treaty has also been "held with the Sac
expectations which caused heavy expenses in and Fox Indians, which, under your direc-
its establishment, and of furnishing a higher tions, will be submitted to the Senate for rati -
grade of instruction, to enable the pupils tojfication, by which about ten millions of acres
become physicians, clergymen, and teachers, [of some of the best land in the Territory of
yet as it is supposed, these purposes will be as j Iowa are acquired. A purchase has also been
nearly accomplished within two years as they made of the Chippewas in the north-west of
can be at any time, consistently with the Michigan and in Wisconsin, of about fifteen
greater and main object of instructing the I millions of acres ; by a treaty which will in
greatest possible number, it has been arranged like manner be submitted to the Senate,
with the founder and proprietor of that acade-
my, that at the expiration of that time, the
obligations of the government to furnish pu-
pils to it, are to cease.

Intimately connected with the improvement
of the moral and intellectual condition of the I ted States.
Indians, is the system which supplies them Pursuant to the act of the last session of
with clothing, and the means of procuring! Congress, commissioners have been appointed
subsistence. It is undeniable that the trading [to adjust the claims arising under the Choc-
system does not adequately accomplish these! taw treaty of 1830, and instructions have
purposes. There are many honest and faith- 1 been given them for the performance of their
traders, but they cannot counteract the | duties. Commissioners have also been ap-

klessness of tlie Indians, who will purchase pointed to settle the remaining claims under
goods either of a worthless kind, or in quan-jthe treaty with the Cherokees of 1836. Dele-
tities altogether beyond their wants, which, gates from that nation were in attendance at
with characteristic improvidence, they waste the seat of government for several months
or barter for ardent spirits, and leave them- during the past year, to obtain a recognition
„„i..„_ j__.. ...... .r.i._ . .■ . ^ "of other and extensive claims, and to settle



These treaties may have been made at a re-
duced expense, quite unprecedented, in the
most open, fair, and frank manner, and on
terms of justice and gven liberality to the
Indians, becoming the character of the Uni-



selves destitute of the articles of necessity for
the residue of the year. This destitution' pro-
duces suffering, dependence, and inactivity,
and they resign themselves to the allurements
of intoxication, or of wretched idleness. At
the same time, an influence is acquired over



some points m relation to the intercourse of
our citizens with their people, and the ad-
ministration of their laws. Their applications
were listened to not only patiently, but with a
sincere desire to gratify them in every request



them by the traders, altogether beyond that that could be granted, consistently w'ith a re
if the officers of the government, and which gard to our own rights and duties ~



The pro-
positions made to them to meet many of their
objects, were declined, and the whole nego-
ciation failed.

During the year the claims arising under
the Creek treaty, cotmccted with the contract
of Watson & Co. have been disposed of, and
many of those prior to that contract have been
adjusted, and the icsidue will soon cease to



may be, and sometimes has been, wielded in
opposition to its policy, and tending to the
continued degradation and detriment of the
Indians. In this respect, it seems to me the
British policy is far preferable, which retains
to the officers of the nation the means of influ-
encing men who can be reached mainly only
through their personal wants. I am disposed

to concur in the views of the Commissioner of j encumber the department. The claims under
Indian Affairs, as to the propriety of employ- the treaty of 1839 with the Osages, have all

been finally decided except five, which have



ing agents of the government to furnish sup
plies to the Indians at fixed prices, of which
they should be notified, and in such quantities,
at given periods of time, as will insure their
deriving the utmost benefit from them. It is
not perceived why the principle recently
adopted in reference to pursers in the navy,
may not be applied to this case, and a system
of checks established, that will guard against
all fraud and abuse, and enable the Indilm to
receive the best kind of goods at the cost of
purchase and transportation, and a per cent-
age to defray the expenses of sale.



been referred for further information.

Appended to the report of the commission-
er, are tabular statements of the investments
made in stocks for the benefit of the several
Indian tribes, and of the amounts retained in
the treasury, on which the government pays
the annual interest.

I found existing in the department a dis-
bursing agent, in whose name large sums of
inoney belonging to various Indians were
deposited in different banks, or held by him
in public securities. Although this money



116



THE FRIEND.



could not be drawn, or used, without a check
countersigned by the Secretary of War and
the Conunissioiier of Indian Affairs, yet the
system appeared to be erroneous in principle,
and liable to abuse. As soon as the neces-
sary arrangements could be made, directions
were given to transfer these funds directly to
the Treasurer of the United States. This
has been done, with the exception of a small
sum necessarily retained to meet outstanding
demands, or to adjust unsettled accounts of
agents.

I concur in the request of the commission-
er, that authority be given to sell the build-
ings, and the adjacent improvements, which
have at former times been constructed, and
made for the use of the Indian agencies, but
which have become useless to the Indian De-
partment.

To^^ The PhUarlelphia Associationof Friends
for the Instruction of Poor Children,"

The Managers report : That during the
past year the schools have been regularly
visited by committees of this body, witli
the exception of one day, which would have
interfered with the ai^ngements of a public
examination.

In the infant school, during the fine weath-
er, there have been frequently over one hun-
dred children present, and the average at-
tendance for the year is seventy-two ; in the
girls' school nearly twenty-seven. Total aver-
age nearly ninety-nine.

The infant school continues under the care
of the same teachers as at our last report, who
discharge the duties of their respective sta-
tions in a satisfactory manner; and, as we
apprehend, with increasing care and solicitude
for the improvement and well-being of their
charge.

At the close of the last year, Elizabeth
Powell, who had been employed with a short
intermission from its commencement, was
released, at her own request, from the care of
the girls' school, having, we believe, faith-
fully discharged her duty ; and Susan Buzby
was selected to succeed her. The introduc-
tion of a new teacher into a school, has at any
time an unsettling tendency ; but we have the
satisfaction of stating, that, by steady discip-
line, the school is now under good government,
' and the teacher is successfully employed in
imparting instruction to ready and tractable
scholars.

On Fifth-day, the 17th of Eleventh month,
a public examination of the girls' school took
place, which was satisfactory to the commit-
tee having charge of it ; who remark in their



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 43 of 154)