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so swift and powerful, that, even in a moment,
all my fears vanished, as if they had never
been, and my mind became calm and still, and
simple as a little child ; the day of the Lord
dawned, and the Son of Righteousness arose
in me, with Divine healing, and restoring vir-
tue in his countenance ; and he became the
centre of my mind.

In this wonderful operation of the Lord's
power, denouncing judgment in tender mercy,
and in the hour of my deepest concern and
trial, I lost my old self, and came to the be-
ginning of the knowledge of Him, the Just
and the Holy One, whom my soul had longed
for. I now saw the whole body of sin con-
demned in my own flesh ; not by particular
acts, as whilst travelling in the way to a per-
fect moral state only, but by one stroke and
sentence of the great and all-awing Judge
of all the world, of the living and of the dead,
the whole carnal mind, with all that dwelt
therein, was wounded, and death begun ; as
self-love, pride, evil thoughts, and every evil
desire, with the whole corruption of the first
state and natural life.

Here I had a taste and view of the agony of
the Son of God, and of his death and state up-
on the cross, when the weight of the sins of
all human kind were upon him, and when he
trode the wine press alone, and none to assist
him. Now all my past sins were pardoned
and done away ; my own willings, runnings,
searchings, and strivings, were at at end ; and
all my carnal reasonings and conceivings
about the knowledge of God, and the myste-
ries of religion, were over; which had long ex-
ercised my mind, (being then natural) both
day and night, and taken away my desire of
food and natural repose; but now my sorrows
ended, and my anxious cares were done away ;
and this true fear being to me, the initiation
into wisdom, I now found the true Sabbath, a
holy, heavenly, divine, and free rest, and
most sweet repose.

This deep exercise being over, I slept till



the next



and had



3r and better



refreshment and comfort than I had felt for
some weeks before.

The next day I found my mind calm and
free from anxiety, in a state likest that of a
young child. In this condition I remained
till night. And about the same time in the
evening that the visitation, before related,
came upon me, my whole nature and being,
both mind and body, was filled with the Di-
vine presence, in a manner I had never known
before, nor had ever thought that such a thing
could be ; and of which none can form any
idea, but what the holy thing itself alone doth
give.

The Divine essential Truth was now self-
evident ; there wanted nothing else to prove
it. I needed not to reason about hira; all



that was superseded and imraerged, by an I
intuition of that Divine and truly wonderful
evidence and light, which proceeded from
himself alone, leaving no place for doubt, or
any question at all. For as the sun, in the
open firmament of heaven, is not discovered or
seen, but by the direct efHux and medium of
his own light, and the mind of man determines
thereby, at sight, and without any train of
reasoning, what he is ; even so, and more than
so, by the overshadowing influence and Di-
vine virtue of the Highest, was my soul as-
sured, that it was the Lord.

I saw him in his own light, by that blessed
and holy medium, which of old he promised
to make known to all nations ; by that eye
which He hi:i;self had formed and opened,
and alsoenlij;htened by the emanation of his
own eternal glory.

Thus I was filled with perfect consolation,
which none but the Word of life can declare or
give. It was then, and not till then, I knew
that God is love, and that perfect love which
casteth out all fear. It was then I knew that
God is Eternal Light, and that in him is no
darkness at all.

I was highly favoured also with a view, and
certain demonstration, of the manner of the
operation of the Almighty, in assuming human
nature, and clothing therewith his inaccessi-
ble Divine light and glory, even with an inno-
cent, holy, and Divine soul and mind, homoge-
nial to the children of men : and this, as with
a vail, whereby the Most High hath suited
himself, and condescended to the low condition
of man, and in whom also man, being refined
as the tried gold, and thereby fitted for the
Holy One, can approach to him, as by a pro
per medium, and therein abide and dwell with
the Lord, and enjoy him for ever.

From henceforth I desired to know notliin,
but the Lord, and to feed on that bread of
life which He himself alone can give, and did
not fail to minister daily, and oftener than the
morning : and yet of his own free-will and
goodness, He was pleased to open my under-
standing, by degrees, into all the needful mys-
teries of his kingdom, and the truths of his Gos-
pel ; in the process whereof He excercised my
mind in dreams, in visions, in revelations, in
prophecies, in Divine openings and demonstra-
tions.

Also, by His eternal and Divine light, grace,
spirit, power and wisdom ; by his word. He
taught, instructed, and informed my mind ;
and by temptations also, and provings, which
He suffered Satan to minister; that I might
see my own weakness and danger, and prove,
to the utmost, the force and etficacy of that
Divine love and truth by which the Lord in
His boundless goodness and mercy, had thus
visited my soul.

But, as the diadem of all, and the only true
and certain way, when it pleased the Most
High, by the effusion of his own goodness, to
reveal in me the Son of his love, even his
wisdoin and power, by whom he designed and
effected all things, then I was taught to fear
him ; then I was taught to love him ; then,
01 then, and not aright till then, was my soul
instructed and informed indeed.

But these secret operations were confined to



my own breast, so that no one knew any
thing of them ; only an alteration was obser-
ved in me, but the cause of it was not seen.
I put off" my usual airs, my jovial actions and
address, and laid aside my sword, which I
had worn, not through design of injury, or
fear of any, but as a modish and manly orna-
ment. I burnt also my instruments of music,
and divested myself of the superfluous parts of
my apparel, retaining only that which was
necessary, or deemed decent. I declined the
public worship, not with a design to join my-
self to any other sect ; for I was rather apt to
conclude, from what I had then observed,
that these manifestations were peculiar to me,
and that there was not any people 1 might
properly associate with ; and also at that time,
I was induced to believe, that one day I should
be obliged to oppose the world in matters of
religion, but when or how that should be
brought to pass, I did not forsee.

Remaining in a still and retired state, and
the Book of Life being open in my mind, I
read what the Lord himself, by the finger of
his power, had written, and the Lion of the
tribe of Judah hgi^^ened there; and the
Scriptures of Tru^Hfcritten by Moses and
the prophets, the^B^elists and apostles of
Christ, were brought to my remembrance
daily, when I did not read them ; and made
clear and plain to my understanding and ex-
perience, so far as they related unto my own
state, and also in a general way ; though I
lusted not to know any mystery or thing con-
tained therein, other than the Lord, in his
own free-will and wisdom, thought fit to mani-
fest.

[About this time it appears T. S. wrote a
Song of Praise, from which the following is
extracted:]

" I was silent before the Lord, as a child
not yet weaned ; He put words in my mouth,
and I sang forth his praise with an audible
voice.

" I called unto my God out of the great
deep ; He put on bowels of mercy, and had
compassion on me, because his love was infin-
ite, and his power without measure.

" He called for my life, and I offered it at
his foot-stool ; but He gave it me as a prey,
with unspeakable addition.

" He called for my will, and I resigned it
at his call ; but He returned me His own in
token of his lovo.

" He called for the world, and I laid it at
his feet, with the crowns thereof; I withheld
them not at the beckoning of his hand.

" But mark the benefit of exchange ! For
He gave me, instead of earth, a kingdom of
eternal peace ; and, in lieu of the crowns of
vanity, a crown of glory."

(To be continued.)



Figs versus Sugar — The Paris correspon-
dejiJ of the Prussian State Gazette gives the
following account of a recent discovery, which,
if the statement is correct, inay lead to most
important consequences: — "The struggle that
has been going on for so many years in France
between the beet root and the sugar cane,
seems likely to become still more intricate, in



120

consequence of (lie unexpected appearance of
a new candidate in the field. It has Lcen dis-
covered at Algiers, that the fruit of the fig
cactus, a plant that grows there in immense
quantities, contains such an abundance of sac-
charine matter, that the heat of the sun is
sutlicient to distil and crystallize the sugar.
This discovery was the result of a meie acci-
dent. The fig of the cactus is eaten in great
quantities by the French troops during the
summer months. At Maskara, this summer,
the consumption was such, that the authori-
ties ordered the streets to be cleared of the
peels or husks which had been thrown there
in such masses as to be deemed dangerous to
public health. The rubbish thus collected
was deposited in a heap outside of the town,
where the figs exposed to the full heat of the
sun, became covered in a few days with an
incrustation that looked like saltpetre, and that
attracted the attention of General Lamoriciere,
the commandant of Maskara. The gener
ordered some of the crystallized matter to be
collected, which, on a closer investigation,
was found to be sugar of remarkable purity
and excellence. It ha^Mpce been calculated
that the abundance in^^^ the plant exists,
and the Uiw price at^fSh the fruit is sold,
would allow sugar to be manufactured from it
in large quantities, at about four sous (two
pence) a pound. The cultivation of the plant
can, however, be extended almost indefinitely
for it thrives even on the poorest soils, and to
.propagate it, all that is required is to plan
' one of the leaves." Specimens of the sugar,
it appears, had been sent to the governor-ge
neral, who had taken up the subject with great
zeal, and meant to do his utmost to induce the
colonists to devote themselves to the cultiva-
tion of the fig cactus on a large scale.

ILLINOIS.

Persons who have never visited the Prairie
Stale, can form but a faint idea of its bound-
less fertility. It is from North to South, from
East to West, one entire plain susceptible of
the highest degree of cultivation. In ages to
come millions will be supported on its almost
inexhaustible soil : whilst the fiicilities which
it affords for the transportation to market of its
commodities must render it peculiarly eligible
to the settler. The following extract of a lec-
ture delivered by J. N. Arnold before the
Mechanic's Institute at Chicago, conveys an
idea of what it is susceptible of being made:

" The state of Illinois contains 35,941,602
acres of as fertile land as any where exists, or
66,1.58 square miles. It is larger than New
York, Ohio, or Pennsylvania. It contains
more arable land than all New England, and
more than Old England and Wales put toge-
ther. Twelve such states as Connecticut
could be carved out of it, and a fraction left.
The Mississippi washes its whole Western
frontier. It has the Ohio river on the south,
the Wabash on the south-east, and OTl(e
Michigan on the north-cast. The Fox, the
Rock, the Illinois rivers, and other navigable
streams pass through the interior. For pro-
ductiveness of soil it is without a rival. Its
mines of lead and coal are inexhaustible. It



THE FIIIEND.

had in 1830, 157,000, and in 1840, 476,000
inhabitants. Were it us densely settled as
Massachusetts, it would now contain .5,000,
000 of people. It would, under proper cul-
tivation, sustain 13,000,000 of inhabitants
better than it now does its present population.
There are now probably about 15,000,000
of acres of taxable lands in this State ; and
the whole taxable properly of the State, real
and personal, cannot be less than 75,000,000
dollars, and this amount is rapidly increasing.
Every year is adding thousands of acres to
the taxable properly of the state, and its value
is fast increasing by improvement, by the in-
troduction of labour and capital. — Phil. Gaz.



THE FRIEND.



FIRST MONTH, 7, 1843.



We publish to-day the Annual Report of
" The Philadelphia Association of Friends
for the Instruction of Poor Children." Nearly
half a century ago (1807) this institution was
founded, principally through the instrumen-
tality of Thomas Scatlergood ; and a few of
its early members yet survive. It is pleasant
to find it still diffusing the benefits intended by
its creation, though now directed to a difier-
ent class. It is several years since the Editor
ceased to be a member of this corporation, yet
his interest in it is far from being extinct.
One fact in the report, — the far greater num-
ber in the Infant than in the Girls' School, —
will strike the reader — while the reason of it
will show the importance of these schools.
Most coloured children, as soon as they cease
to be of a suitable age for the infant depart-
ment, have arrived at a time of life when their
labour becomes valuable, and they are placed
at service, in many instances never to partake
again of literary instruction. The informa-
tion therefore they are able to acquire in
their very juvenile years is highly important
to them.

The readers of " The Friend" have, we
believe, been very generally gratified by the
extracts from " Old Humphrey," which have
from time to time appeared in our numbers.
The republication of these two volumes in a
distinct form, from the series of the London
Tract Society, is, we think, creditable to the
judgment of the American publisher. So
popular has the work become, as to induce
him by diminishing the margin, without alter-
ing the type, to issue it in a smaller, but very
neat form, and to reduce the price to fifty
cents a volume. It is for sale at the book-
store of Uriah Hunt, No. 101 Market street,
and also at No. 50 North Fourth street, up
stairs. The author, we understand, was
dealer in a count)' town in England, but tal
ing more interest in the writing of religious
essays than in trade, he has removed to Lon
don.

We have inserted on another page, an ex
tract from the recent Report to Congress of
the Secretary of War, which doubtless will
interest our readers generallv, on account of



the information which it contains, officially
tioned, relative to the condition, actual
and prospective, of the Indian tribes withia
the hniits of the United States, and now chief-
ly located west of the Mississippi.

The notice below, it may be proper to men-
tion, relates to the Greenfield Inl'ant School
Coloured Children, situated in the southern
t of this citj', in behalf of which we have
before more than once taken occasion to speak,
and which hitherto has chiefly been dependent
for pecuniary supplies on the voluntary bene-
factions of members of our Society. We learn

th regret, that the fund for its support ia
quite exhausted. A legacy of a deceased
Friend, which would have been sufficient to
meet the exigencies of the current year, has
not, owing to the pressure of the times, yet
been paid. The a|)peal, therefore, is again
renewed to the benevolent feelings of those
who are blessed with the means. We fain
would hope that it will not be disregarded.
NOTICE.

A public examination of the Coloured In-
fant School under the care of the S. S. Society
of Philadelphia, will be held in the Lecture
Room, in Spruce street, between Fifth and
Sixth, on Third-day morning, the 10th inst.,
at 11 o'clock. The friends of the institution
are invited to attend.

FRIENDS' ASYLIM.

Committee on Admissions. — John G. Hos-
kins. No. 60 Franklin street, and No. 50
North Fourth street, \ip stairs ; Isaiah Hack-
er, No. 112 south Third street, and No. 32
Chestnut street ; Samuel Beltlc, jr.. No. 73
North Tenth street, and 26 South Front
street ; Charles Ellis, No. 95 South Eighth
street, and No. 56 Chestnut street.

Visiting Managers for the Month. — Wil-
liam Hilles, Frankford; Joel Woolman, near
Frankford; John Elliott, No. 242 Race
street.

Superintendents. — John C. and Lsetitia
Redmond.

Attending Physician. — Dr. Charles Evans,
No. 201 Arch street.

Resident Physician. — Dr. Joshua H.
Worthington.



DiED, in Ljnn, Miiss., on the 8lli of Tenth month
last, at the residence of her son-in-law, Estes Newhall,
Lois rHiLBRUK, widow of Joseph Philbrick, lute of
Seabrouk, N. U., m the 89lh year of her age. Jletk.
ness and patience marked her declining years, and her
close was peaceful.

, at Amcsbury, Mass., on the IGlh ult., of ery-
sipelas, Hann.ah, wife of John Huntington. The de-
ceased was a worthy member of the Society of Friends.
In her last moments, she expressed submission to the
Divine will, and a willingness to enter upon the reali.
lies of the unknown world. Soriely, by her removal,
has lost an ornament, and the void ihat has been made
will long be fell in her family and particular meeting.
May this event be sanctified lor the good of her friends
and relatives, and conduce to u more unreserved dcdi-
cation of heart, and faithfulness in tilings that belong
lo their everlasting welfare, confirming them in that
most holy faith which our departed friend was fa-
voured with, and which she was concerned to live in
accordance with. " Blessed are the dead that die in
the Lord, yea, they rest from their labours, and their
works do loliow them."



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



SEVENTH-DAT, FIRST »ZONTH, 14, 1843.



NO. 16.



EDITED BY RODERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Price two doUais per annum, payable in adtan
Subscriptions and Payments received by
GEOKGE W. TAYLOR,

NO. 50, NORTH FODRTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



For " The Friend."

John PanbcrtoiCs Travels in Scotland.

It appears b}' (lie life of .John Peniberton
publislied in the 6th vol. of " The Friends'
Library," that he several times travelled
Scotland, in the character of a minister of
the gospel. The last visit he made was
1787, in company with David Ducat and
Thomas Wilkinson; the narrative of the jour
ney is made up by extracts from the diary of
the latter, with additions from John Pember
ton's own account. In the unimproved con
dition of the country at the period of the visit,
travelling was attended with considerable dif-
ficulties. The account of the journey through
the Highlands abounds with incidents of an
interesting nature; and may probably be
deemed suitable for the columns of " The
Friend."

The journey was commenced in the Eighth
month. Thomas Wilkinson says, " We en-
tered the Highlands on the 31st, after travel-
ling through a mountainous and thinly peopled
country, where we met with many of the poor
inhabitants coVning down to the lowlands
against harvest. We reached (nverary, from
Carindow, at the head of Loch Fyne, on the
1st of the Ninth month, and were received
with great openness. On First-day, the 2d,
many of the Highlanders came from the
mountains to their place of worship at Inve-
rary. There are, as I was told, two sermons
commonly preached on First-days; the one
in English, the other in Erse or Gaelic, which
is the language of the Highlanders. While
walkitig round, I was pleased and affected at
the solid deportment of the Gaelic assembly,
which had collected to the amount of several
hundreds, and stood generally silent without
doors, till the English sermon was finished.
We had our meeting appointed in a larie
room at the inn, at the time the last might be
supposed to conclude ; the room was soon
filled, and many hundreds stood without.
The Duchess of Argyle, with her son and
daughters, and several other persons of dis-
tinction attended ; the duchess sat very solid-
ly, and her mind seemed to bo thoughtfully
exercised. John Peniberton appeared with



power and authority, both in testimony and
prayer ; and though what he had to offer was
in no way flattering to elevated stations, when
the meeting closed, the duchess came up and
shook hands with him, expressing her satis-
faction, and making some friendly inquiries.
Another meeting was appointed at .5 o'clock
in the afternoon, in a shed belonging to the
duke. I think nearly a thousand attended,
and behaved with becoming stillness."

John Pemberton remarks, that " it was a
pretty open time ; some expressed their satis-
faction, and one man said he never knew his
Saviour until this day. The necessity of a
regard to the grace of God that brings re-
proof for sin, being the mercy and favour of
the Almighty, was pointed out, and that such
who disregard its instructions, are slighting
the means offered for salva'ion, and thus re-
jecting their Saviour. The people attended
mostly in the Highland dress, and many ap-
peared with innocent countenances. Taking
a walk, after meeting, in the grounds of the
duke, I met with him and his three children,
and two other persons. He entered into
familiar conversation, and spoke respectfully
of our Friends, adding, that he had heard so
well of the meeting, he was sorry he was not
with us. I gave him William Penn's ' R
and Progress,' to present to his wife. He said
he had read the small piece I had sent hi
(Randall's Account.) I told him I had a
sent him a piece respecting the slave-trade,
and wished him to join his influence for the
suppression of so iniquitous a traffic. He
acknowledged it to be a bad trade."

Thomas Wilkinson's account proceeds : —
" Third. — John Pemberton felt concerned
to have another meeting, which, in order to
accommodate the poor labouring people, was
appointed at six o'clock. The duke and
duchess, with their family and visiters, at-
tended, and sat solidly amongst us. I thought
the meeting was very satisfactory." John
Pemberton says, " The Lord in mercy favour-
ed the opportunity ; for which may our minds
bow in reverence." ." David Ducat appeared,"
adds Thomas Wilkinson, "with a convincing
testimony, and John Pemberton with great
life and power. The witness in several
seemed to be reached ; the duchess in par-
ticular appearing to be much alTected.

" Fourth. — Passed on to Lochgillphead ;
had an evening meeting there, and another at
eleven o'clock next day. After meeting we
set off for Ormsay, and had a sample, for
perhaps ten miles, of ancient Highland road,
which admits the travelling of but one person
at a time ; we however arrived safely, and
were received with true hospitality.

" Sixth. — Had a meeting in one of the
barns of our kind host, Captain Mac Laugh-



lane, of which he and his servants spread in-
formation round the neighbourhood ; but as in
these parts not many understand English, no
great numbers attended. After meeting, John
Pemberton collected the captain's sisters, four
agreeable young women, and after a little
space of silence, had some affectionate exhor-
tation for them. On the 7th, Captain Mac
Laughlane's younger brother, also an officer,
accompanied us suine miles on foot ; and we
had a meeting at Tarbet, by Loch Fyne, in
the evening.

" Eighth. — Went to Campbell-town, where
the provost granted the town-hall, and we
gave notice of a meeting to be held the next
day. When it drew near the time, we receiv-
ed a few lines from the provost, expressing
his fears that the crowd that might be ex-
pected would endanger the floor. We had
not time to provide anollier place, so we con-
cluded to ofler ourselves at the public market-
cross ; it was a tall stone, surrounded with
steps; we went and sat down thereon in si-
lence by ourselves. In a little time the peo-
ple began to gather round us, looking on one
another, and on us, perhaps wondering what
it meant, as I believe no meeting was ever
before held by any of our Society in these
parts ; yet no scoffing or insult was offered us,
nor any light behaviour observable. Our
minds were turned inward, and, I believe,
experienced something of the promise made
to those whose hearts are stayed on the
Lord, and who trust in him. Though it ^vas
long before any thing was said, refreshment
and peace were experienced. John Pemberton
then in a lively manner exhorted the people
to become acquainted with their Maker, and
be at peace with him. The day was very



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 45 of 154)