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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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hot, and John Pemberton was ready to faint,
from being exposed bare-headed to the sun.
Another meeting was appointed for the after-
noon, and a green that lay before the ' kirk'
was recommended as a suitable place. I went
to place some chairs, and the crowd that sur-
rounded and followed me was very great. I
believe that in a few minutes after my Friends
took their seals, nearly fifteen hundred assem-
bled. Many were on the walls and on the
neighbouring trees; a general stillness pre-
vailed, and it was not long before way opened
with John Pemberton for religious communi-
cation. Though I am fearful that what was
delivered could not be distinctly heard by the
most distant of the assembly ; yet no disorder
ensued ; and I trust we were thankful to the
Father of mercies and Fountain of good, for
preservation and peace amidst such a host of
strangers."

Twelfth. — John Pemberton remarks : " Di-
vers came to the inn, and we parted solidly,
having their wishes for our preservation.



122



THE FItlEXD.



After dinner, tinding our wuy upeii lo llie

southward, we proceeded to Soiuliend, near

the Mull ot' Kiniire ; nnd there not being

accommodation for us iit the small inn, wo

were kindly received by the minister, David

Campbell, an aged man, and blind, lie ex-
pressed much regard for our religious Soci-
ety, believing them to come nearer to the

primitive Christians than any people on earth.

We lodged at his house, being introduced to

him by his son-in-law, Major Archibald Camp-
bell, of Campbell-town, who net us on the

road. He had been in America during the

troubles, and had a favourable opinion of j veiled a few mile;

Friends." meeting in the ev

Thirteenth and Fourteenth. — They had

two meetings there, and one at Nockney Hall,

in a mill. They lodged on the 15th at the

house of a poor farmer, whose family was

religiously disponed, and entertained them

kindly. It was the practice of this family to

assemble together, both morning and evening,

at which times they sang a psalm, read a

chapter in the New Testament, and atler-

wards kneeled down to prayers. When these

were concluded, on this occasion, the master

of the taniily said, that if our Friends had any

thing to communicate, they w ere ready to hear

it; on which John Peniberton remarked,

" that he was concerned to caution them, lest

such religious practices, if unattended by cor-
respondent teelings, might degenerate into a

form." On the 17th they liad a meeting at

Tynelane, and on the 18th another at South-
end, John Peniberton not having been able to

feel his mind quite clear of that parish. In

the evening, being at David Campbell's, his

daughter said to John Peniberton, " You see,

Mr. Peniberton, father has given you his

' kirk,' and attended you several times ; sup-
pose you go to church on Simday, and her

father: we have some elegant preacliers in

the Highlands." To which John Peniberton

gravely replied, " We have a testimony to

bear against a hired ministry." Thomas

Wilkinson remarks, that when the)- came to

take leave of this hospitable family, it was

" with some tenderness on both sides. Mar-
garet Campbell, the daughter, observed that

it was hard to have such guests, and never to

see them more."

Twenty-first. — Thomas Wilkinson's ac-
count proceeds : " Rode to Lochgillphead.
About noon a terrible hurricane arose ; two

vessels from Loch Fyne were riding at anchor

in sight ; one of them broke loose, struck on

a sand bank and filled. The seamen belong-
ing to the other, except a little boy, were on
shore, 'i'o go to their own vessel seemed
impracticable: they often at tempted to fetch
the men from the other, but the waves as
often heaved the boat on shoie again. Many
people were on the beach ; and the lamenta-
tions of the women were pitiable. We exert-
ed ourselves ; and after dragging the boat
along the shore to another point, the seamen
were able to bring ofl' the hands from the near-
est vessel : all our concern was now for the
boy. I proposed dragging the boat along the
shore, perhaps almost a mile, l.) a situation
whence it might be driven by the waves to
the other vessel ; the seamen however did not



adopt the proposal, and the dark shades of the
tem|)cstuous night closed on the poor boy.
The reflections arising from this circumstance
spread a sadness over our minds, and when
day broke in the morning, it was perceived
that the vessel had gone down.

" Twenty-second. — Proceeded to Coalfield,
and were kindly entertained by Joseph Latham,
superintendent of the Argyleiron works. We
had two meetings next day at this place. On
the 24th we proceeded to Aroquhar, where on
the 25th we had a meeting, a solid and Hi-
voured opportunity ; and after dinner we tra-
to Loss, where we had a
itig, attended by a consid-
erable number of people.

" 'J'wenty-sixth. — We had now rode an
hundred miles on our return tow ards England,
partly on accoutit of David Ducat's poor slate
of health ; he, however, now seemed recruit-
ing ; atid John Peinberton's prospects opening
northward, we had a meeting in the evening
at Tarbet, by Loch Lomond ; which was at
first much unsettled by the disorderly conduct
of a person in liquor; but having placed him
in a chair, and taken my seat by him, he
became still, and the meeting issued favour-
ably.

" Twenty-seventh. — Proceeded to Tyne-
drome, and had a meeting there ; a good
degree of solemnity was experienced in the
time of silence. I thought it one of the most
satisfactory meetings we had had ; and I be-
lieve we rejoiced in humble thankfulness that
our Heaveidy Father had refreshed us to-
gether with his good presence, and filled our
hearts with his love, and the love of our fel-
low-creatures, in such a poor solitary part of
the earth.

" Twenty-eighth. — Passed on lo Dalmally,
a pleasant and populous vale in Glenorchy."
Here thev had a meeting, and John Peniber-
ton remarks: — "The Lord was graciously
pleased to lavour, so that the gospel was
preached under its enlivening influence. The
people behaved well, and the minister of the
parish, Joseph Mchitire, was very respectful,
and invited us to his house. He made inquiry
respecting some of our principles, which we
explained to his satisfaction. He was of a
very open disposition, and liberal in his senti-
ments respecting the universality of God's
love. He, with his wife, and several of his
children, attended the meeting, and sat very
solidly. In conversation, he lamented the
lightness that he had observed in England in
time of public worship; which is too often the
case. He inquired of me respecting the prac-
tice of asking a blessing bclore meal. I told
him our views, which both himself and his
wife acknowledged to be right, and he con-
fessed that too little thought often attended
when ^ace, so called, was said." Thomas
Wilkinson remarks, respecting this minister's
wife, that she " was a plain woman, and when
we were on the subjects of an hired ministry,
war, t-Vc, notwithstanding the profession tif
her husband, and that she had a son or sons
in thu army, she was unequivocally of our
opinion, and spoke her sentiments without re-
serve."

(To be coiuinuci].)



THK SflKPlIKKU-DlM;.

Notwithstanding his wild and melancholy
looks, he is patient, persevering, and most
laithfully attached to his master. It is cu-
rious to see how carefully in this country he
will gather and drive a flock of sheep, with
more skill than any man or boy could do it.
But in the Highlands of Scotland, where the
winters are long and severe, and the snow-
drifts are very deep among the mountains,
these dogs are still more useful ; and wonder-
ful stories are told of their sense and faith-
fulness. The following is known to be a true
one : —

The valleys, or glens as they are there
called, amongst the Grampian mountains, are
chiefly inhabited by shepherds. There are no
fences or boundaries in these wild parts, but
every shepherd has his own range, which
reaches so far that he never sees the whole of
his flock together, except when they are coU
lected for shearing. Every day be has lo go
to the distant parts of his range, and with his
faithful dog, to turn back any straggling sheep
that might wander beyond his own bounds
into his neighbour's land. In one of these
rambles a shepherd look his little boy, about
three years old, as is the custom with the
Highlanders, lo season them lo the cold of the
climate. After going about the pastures for
some time, the shepherd with his dog climbed
a very steep hill, that he might gain a wider
view of his scattered flock. But fearing to
tire the child, he left him in a sheltered spot,
charging him not to stir till he came back.
But hardly had he reached the top of the hill,
when the sky was suddenly darkened by one
of the very thick mists which often come
down suddenly on these mountains, and shut
out every object from the eve. The father,
feeling anxious for his child, hastened down ;
but owing to the darkness, and his own fright,
he lost his way. He wandered long among
the dangerous bogs and waterfalls which
abound in those desert places, till night came
on ; still he went on, and on, till he came to
the edge of the mist, and then he saw bv the
light of the moon, that he had reached his
own valley, and was within a short distance of
his cottage. It was impossible lo renew the
search for the poor child that night ; but as
soon as morning began to dawn, he set out
with a parly of his neighbours. All that day
he crossed the mountains lo and fro, looking
into every dark hollow and cleft ; but lo no
purpose. The dog, however, bad returned
home, and after receiving his usual allowance
of cake, had run off, and was still absent. Day
after day, the heart-broken father renewed
his search, and the neighbouring shepherds
left the care of their flocks to seek for the lost
child in every part of their diflerent ranges;
— but still in vain. There was not the least
ninrk of a small footstep on the damp grass.
The father strained his ear to listen; but
there was no feeble cry mixed with the loud
roar of the waterfalls, and the bleating of the
flocks. Yet still when he came biick to the
cottage at night, he found that the dog had
been for his allowance of food, and then had
gone ofl' again. Being struck with this, he
stayed at home till the dog set off again with



his cake, and followed him. The faithful
creature led him to a wild waterfall, at some
distance from the spot where the child hud
been left. It was a dreadful place. 'I'he
high cliffs on each side altnost met tugether
at the top, but below it was a fearful dark
hollow. The dog instantly began to make his
way down one of these steep cliffs, and at last,
went into a cave, nearly close to the roaring
waterfall. The shepherd followed with diffi-
culty. You may guess what he felt when he
saw his boy there safe, eating the cake which
the dog had brought, while the faithful ani-
mal stood by watching him with looks of
pleasure.

From the child's own account, and the
place in which he was found, it appeared that
he had wandered to the edge of tlie cliff, and
then either fallen or scrambled down till he
reached the cave — when there, the fear of the
waterfalls prevented his leaving it. The dog,
by means of his scent, had tracked him to the
spot, and then had hindered him from starving
by giving up to him his daily allowance. He
seemed never to have left the child night or
day, except when he went home for his food,
and then he was seen running at full speed to
and from the cottage. — Late paper.



Loose Leaves from a Traveller's Portfolio.

TUE PYRAMIDS OF SAKKARAH.

The accompanying graphic sketch, from
the pen of one who has had ample opportuni-
ties of cultivating both his literary and his
geographical taste, cannot fail to be read with
interest. We should premise that the Pyra-
mids in question are not many miles from the
ruins of the ancient Memphis, where the
palm trees rise in one straight smooth stem
to the height of one hundred feet, overshadow-
ing those n)ighty monuments of the past. It
is here that the sun, rising in the unclouded
Egyptian sky, casts his slanting beams
through frequent openings in the dale woods,
rendered doubly beautiful by flights of the
while Ibis settling on the branches or descend-
ing through the air like huge flakes of snow ;
the pathway in most places being filled with
wild flowers of brilliant colours and great fra-
grance, which load the atmosphere with per-
fume, as the broad foot of the camel crushes
them in passing.

As the air of the morning had somewhat
prematurely sharpened our appetite, we rode
a little out of our way into the village of Sak-
karah, to negociale with the inhabitants for a
supply of bread. Thanks, however, to the
paternal government of Mohammed Ali, there
was little to be found, and for that little its
possessors were inclined to demand five or six
times as much as it was worth. For once it
entered into our heads to resist their imposi-
tion ; and there accordingly we sat, mounted
on our lofty dromedaries, chaffering with a
knot of blue-shirted Arabs, men, women, and
children, on the leafy skirts of the village,
just where the road strikes off between the
last straggling gardens into the desert. The
affair being at length concluded, we took our
departure. Two lusty husbandmen, leaving



THE FKIEND.

their labours in the fields, joined the solitary
guide whom we had brought with us from the
village ; and, thus attended, we pushed on,
shaping our course towards the Pyramids,
whose sharp peaks rose at a considerable dis-
tance above the sand hills of the wilderness.
Here our suite was augmented by two very
pretty young women, whom we found roam-
ing, at this early hour, among the rocks and
ravines. They earned their subsistence, we
are told, by searching in these solitary places
for antiquities, the relics of Egyptian super-
stition, which they sold to travellers, whose
numbers, it may therefore be inferred, must
be pretty considerable.

The sensations invariably experienced, on
ascending from the low valley of the Nile to
the summit of the arid ridges by which it is
tlauked on both sides, are difiicult, if not im-
possible, to be described. They resemble the
intermingling of triumph and exultation with
the delight springing from the calmest enjoy-
ment. Their source, however, lies probably
very near the surface, in robust health and
constant exercise, united with the influence
of a pure air and never-ceasing excitement.
One looks down from those desert elevations
upon the abodes of men with something very
like contempt; though having for a while
indulged our curiosity, and swallowed, a con-
siderable quantity of dirt in mummy pits,
catacombs, and the subterranean chambers of
pyramids, we become perfectly reconciled
with our species, and are not a little delight-
ed to find ourselves, pipe in mouth, lounging
on some soft divan in the coffee-houses or
hotels of Cairo.

Upon gaining the lofty level of the desert,
though sufficiently accustomed to pyramids
and wastes, we were not a little struck at the
prospect before us. Looking south and west,
and north, as far as the eye could reach, you
could behold nothing but plains of ever-shift-
ing aspect, rising here and there into huge
pyramidal peaks, which, in colour and feat-
ures, harmonise so completely with the scene
around them, that they appear to be rather
the work of nature than of man. We knew,
however, that they were so majiy temples of
Athor, reared by one of the most ancient na-
tions of the eailh, and that many thousand
years ago, on festival days and nights appro-
priated to the worship of that goddess, multi-
tudes, consisting of thousands and tens of
thousands, had spread themselves in joy and
revelry over those flats, now arid and deso-
late, but then, perhaps, rendered fertile by

auji(

tion to enter the largest of thjjpyramids, they
endeavoured, for some reason or another, to
persuade us that its adit had not yet been dis-
covered. On this point, however, our infor-
mation was better than theirs. Bidding them,
therefore, follow us, we rode at once to the
north face of the structure, where, at the bot-
tom of a long sloping trench, the opening into
the pyramid appeared. But it seemed not
recently to have been entered, for the sand
blown in by the wind had so blocked it up, that
a fox or jackal would have found some diffi-
culty in forcing his way through. The Arabs



123

commenced operations by partly removing
this obstacle with their hands, and then,
throwing themselves on their faces, slided in,
though wrong end foremost, like so many ser-
pents. We followed their example, and pre-
sently found ourselves in a long gallery or
corridor hewn in the solid rock, and appa-
rently penetrating into the heart of the pyra-
mid. As we were just then returning from
the uncivilized environs of Lake Moeris,
where all the gold of Christendom could not
have conjured up a pound of wax candles, and
the heat of the climate would in a day or two
have reduced any others to oil, we had brought
along with us no light but a small travelling
lamp, which, in the central gloom of these
huge structures, would have shown but like a
glow-worm. The feeble rays, however, of
this miserable subslilute for sunshine, we must
on the present occasion have trusted, had not
our thrifty Arabs brought with them a few
dry palm branches, which commonly serve
them for torches. These, by the aid of flint
and steel, were speedily kindled, whereupon
we began to fortn some notion of the strange
building into which we had forced our way.

For a short distance, the passages continued
very low ; but presently, proceeding right
onward, we found space fur raising ourselves
nearly upright. Our guides, preceding us
svith lamp and torch in hand, presented a
strange appearance as the red glare streamed
beside them, lighting up the rough sides of
the rock, and flashing forward into the seem-
ingly interminable gallery. We advanced for
a considerable time without observing any
particular change in the aspect of the corri-
dor, except thai it continually became loftier,
but at length reached a point where it branch-
ed off into numerous narrow archways, some
ascending, others sloping downwards, while a
third class stretched forward on the same
level. We struck into one of those which led
below towards the root of the pyramid, and
presently arrived at a sort of window in the
rock, into which the only guide who preceded
me entered with his torch, and suddenly dis-
appeared. At first, as I could discern no light,
and distinguish no sound, I imagined that he
had dropped into some bottomless abyss, and,
projecting my head into the opening, listened
anxiously in the hope of discovering what had
become of him. I, moreover, shouted loudly
twice or thrice, but receiving no answer be-
gan to be seriously alarmed. At length, how-
ever, I perceived the glimmer of his torch
approaching, and, as soon as the strength of
the light sufficed to show me my way, I
descended after him through the fissure of
the rock, our companions following us. The
exact geography of those regions it is impos-
sible to describe, nor is it easy to conjecture
the uses for which they were designed, A
labyrinth of galleries of all dimensions, tra-
versing each other, mounting, winding, des-
cending, breaking away at right angles, or
stretching forward in one monotonous sweep ^

half filled with dust, blocked up in some di-
rections by huge fragments of rock, conceal-
ing, perhaps, some of those strange chambers
of imagery in which the sepulchral fancy of
the ancient Egyptians delighted — such are



124

the objects that present themselves to the eye
in the rocky basis of the Great Pyramid of
Sakkarah. The traveller in Persia who has
visited the ruins of Islakhar, will probably
have groped his way through similar vaults
and tunnels extending beuealh the vast foun-
dations of that city. There, too, the object
of the excavators is scarcely to be divined,
since no use intelligible to modern times
could possibly have been made of those sub-
terraneous ways.

After threading for some time the maze,
above described, we entered suddenly a pro-
digious hall, v/hose height and dimensions the
united light of our laai|) and torches was in-
sufficient to discover to us. x\s we advanced
along the chiselled floor, its extremities all
around appeared to be draped with darkness,
while its height extended far up into the bow-
els of the pyramid. By degrees, as our eyes
grew accustomed to the place, we imagined
we could discover, at a great elevation large
openings, the termination probably of galle-
ries communicating with other chambers, or
intended to let down light upon the hiero-
phants during the celebration of the mys-
teries. Here we fired off a pistol, but the
report was not nearly so loud as in the great
pyramid, where it resembled thunder. On
examining the floor carefully, we perceived
the commencement of a flight of steps, which
probably led down to other suites of apart-
ments far beneath that in which we then
stood, and never in modern times explored.
But our progress was stopped by immense
blocks of stone.

Observing that the oil in our lamp was run-
ning low, and our palm branches nearly burnt
out, we hastily retraced our steps, lest, if they
became extinguished, we should be left there
in utter darkness, without the remotest chance
of finding our way out. Several df the gal-
leries into which, by mistake, we entered on
our way back, were closed up purposely by
huge fragments of rock. At length, however,
we entered a long gallery, which, after many
windings, led us to the mouth of a vast dark
chasm, whose dimensions were hidden by the
projecting shadows of the rocks. Here my
travels were on the point of coming suddenly
to an end. Mistaking the thick carpet of
darkness, which spread out far and wide be-
fore me, for some solid substance, I had raised
my foot, and was about to step forward, when
my progress was arrested by the sudden
shriek of one of my companions. Another
instant, and I should have been precipitated
headlong into an abyss, the depth of which we
could not exactly ascertain, but conjectured to
be very great, from the length of time which
the stones we cast in took to reach the rocks
below. Probably we were now looking down
into the great hall which we had been explor-
ing about an hour before.

As there was no time to lose, we requested
our guides to make use of their best expe-
rience, and the shortest route, by which to
retreat towards the place of exit ; whereat,
after considerable labour, we arrived. On
issuing forth into the open air, we hastily
donned the garinents which we had thrown off
to descend into the warm chambers of the



THE rKIEND.

pyramid, and found that they had been
sprinkled, during our absence, by a slight
siiower. The old Sheikh, who had remained
in charge of the camels, and the Arab girls,
congratulated us on our re-appearance, imag-
ining, perhaps, that we had been descending
towards the confines of the realm of Eblis.
These heroines, though in other respects suf-
ficiently adventurous, bad declined entering
the pyramid, the mouth of which they seemed
to regard with horror; but silling down on
the sand beside the old Mahazi warrior,
promised there to await our return. They
were to a certain extent, indeed, interested in
our safety, as they hud made up their minds
to accompany us, whether we would or not,
to the Bird-Mummy Pits, excavated at no
great distance in the rocks of the desert. —
From late Foreign Periodicals.

Philad. Gazette.

For " Tlie Friend."

A Pleasant CeLbration of a Marriage.

During- the Seventh month, 1773, Charles Lngan was
mjrricd to Mary Pleasants, in tlie Old Market Street
Meeting-housc. The Friends appointed to the over-
sight of the marriage, reported lo the next following
Monthly Meeting that it was accomplished in an
ord. rly manner ; they then further stated, Ih it the
newly married pair having possession of a number of
negroes in Virginia, had taken tliis occasion, volun-
tarily, to manumit them all, whereby more than iifly
were restored to their natural rights. The Monthly
Meeting minute on the occasion adds, " The Instru-
mcnt of Manumission was now produced and read,
and alTorded considerable satisfaction to the meet,
ing."

'Twas a season of gladness when true hearts long
plighted,

Midst friends and connections were fondly united;



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 46 of 154)