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living God had been pleased, of his own free enjoyment of the presence of God in their
grace, and which I could neither ask nor think meetings; or, in oiher words whether they



of, to communicate unto me ; though I found,
in due time, I had been in this point mistaken,
as the prophet of old, who thought he had
been alone, and all Israel departed from the
Lord.

As the life of the Son of God prevailed in
me, I became more and more innocent, hum-
ble, loving, and charitable to the poor ; to
whom I gave money according to my ability,
and without ostentation, or expectation of re-
ward.



worshipped the true and living God, in the
life and nature of Christ the Son of God, the
true and only Saviour ; and the Lord answer-
ed my desire according to the integrity of my
heart.

For, not long after 1 had sat down among
them, that heavenly and watery cloud over-
shadowing my mind, broke into a sweet
abounding shower of celestial rain, and the
greatest part of the meeting was broken to-
igether, dissolved and comforted in the same



In writing the last paragraph of a piece Divine and holy presence and influence of the



. hich I inscribed " To the Saints in Z
&c. the people called Quakers, were suddenly,
and with some suprise, brought to my mind,
and so strongly impressed on my remembrance,
that thenceforward I had a secret inclina-
tion to inquire further concerning them, their
way and principles.

It was sometime in the Fifth month, in the
j'ear 1691,whenan opportunily was presented:
the occasion of it was some concerns that I
had in the west parts of Cumberland, when,
lodging at an inn, kept by one of that profes-
sion, on a Seventh-day night, and inquiring
of him concerning some points of their reli-
gion, I perceived no material difference be-
tween his sentiments and mine, in the partic-
ulars then asked after ; and he also perceived
I was nearer them than he (or perhaps any
other) had thought, (tor I had formerly op
posed the same man in some thi
gave him occasion to inform me of



true, holy, and heavenly Lord ; which was
divers times repeated before the meeting end-
ed. And in the same way, by the same Di-
vine and holy power, I had been often favour-
ed with before, when alone ; and when no eye
but that of heaven beheld, or any knew, but
the Lord himself; who, in infinite mercy, had
been pleased to bestow so great a favour.

And, as the many small springs and streams
descending into a proper place, and forming a
river, become more deep and weighty ; even,
so, thus meeting with a people gathered of the
living God, into a sense of the enjoyment of
his Divine and living presence, through that
blessed and holy medium, the mind of Jesus
Christ, the Son of God, and Saviour of the
world, I felt an increase of the same joy of
the salvation of God ; and the more, by how
much I now perceived I had been under the
) which j like mistake as the prophet of God of old ; but
leir meet- now otherwise informed, by a sure evidence



and token ; by the witness of the Divine essen-
tial Truth, in which no living soul can err, or
be mistaken, or deceived ; being self-evident
and undeniable in all those who truly know



ing, to be held the next day, at a country
village called Broughton.

And, as I had been desirous to be rightly
informed concerning that people, and to see
them as in truth they were, I was pleased i mm.
with the opportunily ; and the next morning, | Our joy was mutual and full, though in the
the Friend and I set forward toward the meet- j efflux of many tears, as in cases of the deepest
ing. And he, being z-salous to have me fur- land most unfeigned love; for the Friends
ther informed, and convinced of the truth of i there, being generally sensible I was affected,
fheir way, spoke of many things as we rode I and tendered with them, by the influence of
along, and with a good intent: but my mind the Divine Truth they knew and made profes-
being composed, and its attention directed to- sion of, did conclude, I had been at that time,
wards God, who knew I wanted only to see and not before convinced, and come to the



the truth, and not be deceived,



, I could not knowledge, or sense, of the way of Truth



127

among them : and their joy was as of heaven,
at the return of a penitent ; and mine as the
joy of salvation from God, in view of the
work of the Lord, so far carried on in the
earth; when I had thought, not long before,
there had scarce been any true and livintr
faith, or knowledge of God, in the world.

The meeting being ended, the peace of God,
which passeth all the understanding of natural
men, and is inexpressible by any language
but itself alone, remained as a holy canopy,
over my mind, in a silence out of the reach of
all words ; and where no idea, but the Word
himself, can be conceived. But being invited,
together with the ministering Friend, to the
house of the ancient Widow Hall, 1 went wil-
lingly with them : but the sweet silence com-
manded in me by Michael the Prince, Captain-
general of the hosts in heaven, still remaining,
I had nothing to say to any of them, till he was
pleased to draw the curtain, and veil his pres-
ence ; and then I found my mind pure, and in
a well-bounded liberty of innocent conversation
with them.

And, having staid there a short time, I was
invited to dinner, at the house of Richard Rib-
ton, an ancient and honourable Friend in the
village ; where I was made kindly welcome,
and where I had great freedom of conver-
sation.

And, being now satisfied, beyond my expec-
tation, concerning the people of God, in whom
the Lord had begun, and, in a good measure,
carried on, a great work and reformation in
the earth, I determined, in my mind, that day,
to lay aside every business and thing which
might hinder or veil in me the enjoyment of
the presence of the Lord, whether among his
people, or alone ; or obstruct any service
whereunto I was or might be called by him ;
especially things of an entangling or confining
nature : not regarding what the world might
say, or what name they might impose upon
me.

After this I was at some other meetings ;
but little notice was taken of it by any of my
relations or acquaintance, till the time of the
assizes at Carlisle ; where some Friends, be-
ing prisoners in the county gaol, for non-pay-
ment of tithes, others attended the assizes, as
their custom was, the better to obviate occa-
sion of troubles, or hurt, to any of the Soci-
ety, and to minister counsel, or other help, as
need might be ; and these went to a meeting
at Scotby, about two miles from the city of
Carlisle ; and thither I went also.

During the time of the meeting, I found a
great and unusual load on my spirit, and hard-
ness in my heart; insomuch that I could
hardly breathe under the oppression; nor
could I say I had any sense of the comforts of
the Divine presence there, but that the
heavens were as of thick brass, and the bars
thereof as of strong iron. But though I had
no enjoyment in myself, yet I was sensible
the presence and goodness of the Lord was
there, and many therein greatly comforted ;
and therefore did conclude my condition of
mind was from some other cause, and not
relating to the state of the meeting in general.
And, after the meeting was over, one of them
asked me how I did ; I answered, indifferently.



128



THK I'RIEIVI).



Then he, and some others, perceived my spi-
rit was oppressed, and sympathized with me
therein.



Comparatipe Health in Great Cities. —
The following table, condensed from a longer
article in the British Cyclopedia of Arts and
Sciences, published by Orr & Smith, London,
in 183o — shows that Philadelphia enjoys a
greater degree of comparative health than
any other of the cities named: —

Average annual proportion of deaths.



Philadelphia,
Glasgow,
Boston, (U. S.)
New" York, -
Charleston,
Paris, -
Madrid, -
Brussels,



1 in 45 GS
1 in 44
1 in 41 26
1 in 37 83
1 in 36 50
1 in 32
1 in 29
1 in 26



Vienna, 1 i"



50



Vitality of Seeds. — The following remark-
able instance of the tenacity of life in the
seeds of the common elder is mentioned in
the " Annals and Magazine of Natural His-
tory." The seeds in question were derived
from the dregs of some elder vine, which was
strewn as manure over a flower-border, where
hundreds of them grew. The person with
whom it happened says that they had been
twice boiled in making wine ; bad been pre-
sent during the fermentation ; after which the
wine was drawn off, and the dregs were
bunged up for twenty months, in a cask,
where the seeds remained without injury. —
Gardiner''s Chronicle.

Effect of Temperance. — Brooks county, in
Virginia, has not a solitary tavern in it licens-
ed to sell intoxicating drink — and the county
jail has not had for a considerable period
of time any person in it for any cause what-
ever.

The population of New York city is now
312,710, having increased more than 100,000
within ten years. 'J'he average rate of in-
crease in the city is a trifle over fifty-one per
cent, for every period of ten years since
1800, while that of the country at large is a
little short of thirty-four per centum.

The Croton Worka. — According to a re-
port in the New York American, the actual
outlay for the Croton water, including all
expenses, is 811,305,775, and it is estimated
that a further sum of half a million, to com-
plete the Aqueduct bridge over the Harlem
river, and 820,000 for pipes still to be laid,
will be needed. In round numbers, the cost
of the structure complete, may be stated at
twelve and a half million of dollars. Of this
sum, from nine to ten millions bear five per
cent, interest, and the residue seven pc
cent



Frankness. — Be frank wiili the world.
Frankness is the child of honesty and cour-
age. Say just what you mean to do upon all
occasions, and take it for granted, you mean
to do what is right. If a friend ask a favour
you should grant it, if it is reasonable — if
not, fell him plainly why you cannot. You
will wrong yourself, and wrong him by equi-
vocation of any kind. Never do a wrong
thing to make a friend, or to keep one — the
man that requires you to do so, is dearly pur-
chased at such a sacrifice. Deal kindly but
firmly with all men — you will find it the policy
which wears best. Above all, do not appear
to others what you are not. If you have any
fault to find with any one, tell him, not others,
of what you complain. There is no more
dangerous experiment than that of under-
taking to be one thing to a man's face, and
another behind his back. If the very con-
sciousness of being capable of such duplicity,
does not degrade you in your own eyes, you
must be lost to every noble feeling of nature.
We should live, act and speak " out of doors,"
as the phrase is, and say, and do what we are
willing should be known and read by ail men.
It is not only best, as a matter of principle,
but as a matter of policy. — Salem Observer



Horrors of War. — Colonel Seruzier was
one of the most efficient military oliicer
the French service under Napoleon, and from
his Military Memoirs, a correspondent of tin
New York Evening Post translates the fol
lowing from chapter iv., Battle of Auster
litz: —

" At that moment in which the Russian
army was making its retreat, painfully, but it
good order, on the ice of the lake, the Empe
ror Napoleon came riding, at full speed
towards the artillery ; " You are losing time !"
cried he ; " Fire upon those masses ! — they
must be engulphed ! fire upon the ice !" The
order given remained unexecuted for ten
minutes; in vain several officers and myself
were placed on the slope of a hill to produce
the greater effect ; their balls and mine rolled
upon the ice without breaking it up. Seeing
that, I tried a simple method of elevating
eight howitzers; the almost perpendicular
fall of these heavy projectiles produced the
desired efl%ct. My method was followed im-
mediately by the adjoining batteries, and in
less than no time we buried 15,000 Russinns
and Austrians under the waters of the lake."



land Yearly Meetings ; and it is probable the
particulars of their labours will not he made
public, until their report is laid bel'ore the
above Yearly Meetings respectively, in Fifth
and Sixth months next.

" I have gathered from them the following
facts : — that they have travelled seven thou-
sand miles; visited twenty tribes of Indians;
and made themselves pretty well acquainted
with their present condition, as relates to their
progress in the arts, agriculture, schools, go-
vernment, &.C.

" Although many of these particulars are
of a discouraging nature, still there are n)any
other circumstances in the piesent history of
these people which are satisfactory and pleas-
ing. .

" All the tribes, except two or three, have
more or less recollection, and still entertain a
high respect and regard for Friends. Some
of them speak very feelingly and gratefully of
the care manifested by our religious Society,
at different periods, for their improvement.

" One tribe, in a particular manner, ex-
pressed their feeling through their chief,
(whose eyes, during his talk with our Friends,
were often filk'd with tears, and bis heart so
deeply touched, that he was forced to pause to
give vent to his emotions.) This chief said,
he was a direct descendant of a chief, who,
among others, was engaged in making the
famous treaty with William Pemi, under the
big Elm tree at Philadelphia.

" On another occasion, they met with a
fine-looking, matron-like woman, a mother of
an interesting family of children, who told our
Friends, that when a girl, she resided for a
time on Long Island, in the families of
Friends, of whose kindness to her she spoke
in a feeling manner; mentioning the names of
Gideon Seaman and Thomas Willis.

" Our Friends have been favoured during
all this long, arduous, and exposing journey,
with excellent health ; and they return, look-
ing more robust than when they passed
through New York in the latter part of
Eighth month last. Another favourable cir-
cumstance, during their travel, was owing to
the remarkable low stage of the numerous
streams, on account of which they were en-
abled to proceed with much more facility and
safety, than if the waters had been in a differ-
ent state."



THE TRXEND.



FIRST MONTH, 14, 1813.



By a private letter to the Editor from a
Friend of New York, dated the 25th ult. (and
which was intended for last week's paper)
it appears, that two Friends passed through
that city the day before, on their way home
" from a visit to the Indians, located west of
the Mississippi."

" This extensive journey," says our cor
rhe annual interest is six hundred and I respondent, " was undertaken to carry ou^the



sixty-five thousand dollars.



united concern of New York and New Eng'



Died, on tlio 2911. of Elcventli n.oiith, 1813, afler a
Iniiff ami uselul life, Abigail liocEiis, In licvid to be in
the 83d year of lirr age. She was a beloved li.eiiiber
of Murlborough Monthly Meeting, N. Y.

, at her residence in ihe town of New Tallz,

Ulster cmmty, N. Y., Kve Wood, the wife of Benjamin
Wood, believed to be about 82 yi ars nld. She was for
many years an elder of ri.mes Mnnllily Meeting.
'I'hese'dear friends were lovely in their liics, and at
their death were not divided. On the lirsl-day of
Twelfth nionih the remains of both were borne to
Friends' Meeting-house, at the Valley, (it being tlicir
week-day mcetinff,) and after a very solemn meeting,
were interred in the burying.ground there. The corps
of Eve Wood was aeconipanied by her husband, in the
i)2d year of his age, twelve -miles to the place of inter-
nienL

PRINTED BY JOSEPH & WILLIAM KITE,

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



^leiM




m^m



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



vol.. XVI.



SEVENTH-DAT, FIRST IKEONTH, 21, 1843.



MO. 17.



EDITEn Br ROBERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Price two dollar) per annum, payable in advance.
..... Subscription^ and Payments received by '
GEORGE W. TAYLOR,.

• NO/50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA. .



A Testimony of the Monthly Meeting of

Friends, of New York, concerning our

■ Friend, Daniel Wheeler.

• Oiir^ beloved ■ friend, Daniel Wheeler, of

England, having finished his labours in the

iijinistry of the gospel, and ended his days in

Ihis city, this meeting feels it to be incumbent

upon it to make public some account of his

leligious services in this land, of the progress

of his illness, and of his interesting expres-

' sions, when he laid down his head in peace

.amongst us..-

He first arrived in this city on a religious
visit to Friends in this -country, with certi-
ficates of unity from the meetings to which
he belonged, on the 1st of the First month,
1839.

During the following spring and summer,
he attetided the Yearly Meetings of Philadel-
phiEfj Virginia, New York, and New England.
In the Eighth iiionth he visited the British
provinces of New Brunswick, and Nova Sco-
tia ; and in the Niiith month attended the
Yearly Meeting of Ohio. During his reli-
gious engagements amongst us, he was care-
ful to seek for the guidance of the Holy Spi-
rit, and to move no faster, nor further, than his
way was thus opened. Hence his preaching
was sound, weighty, and edifying, ministering
grace to the hearers, and is fresh in our
. minds, accompanied by deep and feeling
unity with his religious services. In all his
movements he was remarkably watchful to
wait for that Divine direction, which had so
often and so remarkably preserved him in
many seasons of peril, during his extensive
travels by sea and hnd.

In consequence of intelligence of the de-
clining health of his son Charles, he sailed
for England on the 1st of tiie Tenth month,
and found him in France, (where he had gone
with the hope of deriving benefit from the
climate,) and had the satisfaction of continu-
ing with him until the peaceful close of his
life, after which Our deaf friend again em-
barked for this country, and arrived in New
York on the aSth day of Fourth month, 1840.

During the voyage he was taken sick, and
was so ill on arrival, that he was removed
with difficulty to the house of our friend, John



Clapp. On the following day he was increas-
ingly ill, and remarked to the physician, that
he could not endure another such a day.

On the morning of the 30th, it appeared
from his rapid respiration and the coldness of
his e.\tremities, as if he was sinking fast, and
it was thought proper to inform him of it : he
replied, "All has been done that could be
dotie, only write to my dear children how it
is : the work has been going on with the day.
Love to all my friends, on this side the At-
lantic as well as the (jjher. It is a great
thing to be clear of pain. I desire nothing
but the love of my Heavenly Father, and I
witness it."

He revived, however, in the afternoon, so
as to write a few lines to his children. On
the following day he had returns of oppres-
sion. On the .3d of the Fifth month, after be-
ing bled, he said, " Without blood there is no
cleansing;" upon which one of the physicians
remarked, •" It is the blood of ' Jesus that
cleanseth us from all' our sins." "Yes,"
Daniel replied, " but not in our natural unre-
generate state. If we walk in the light as he
is rn the light, then I believe it will cleanse us
from our sins: yes," he added, with much
emphasis, " I know it."

In the evening he said he had had a hard
struggle, and at one time, he did not know but
it was the cold sweat of death.

On the morning of the 6lh, he called for
his clothes, and having given directions for
the disposition of some papers which they
contained, he said, " Now I have done with
the 'things of this world;" and further ob-
served, that he had no wish to live but for the
sake of his family, and that the Lord Jesus
might live in him ;' that He had been his
guide for many years, and he had declared
his name unto thousands : that he had no hope
but in Him, and he was the same Lord over
all ; that it was not the prospect of immediate
release, that led him to speak thus, but it was
in his heart, and he must say it while he had
words; with much more, in a very impressive
manner, and with a strong voice.

Towards evening his mind appeared to over-
flow with adoration of the mercy and good-
ness of his dear Lord and Master, which had
constantly attended him in his pilgrimage, and
crowned him with loving kindness and tender
mercies.'

He briefly recapitulated what had occurred
since he left America, alluding to the conso-
lation he had received at the death of his son
Charles; so that he had to rejoice in the
midst of grief, saying, " The Lord is good to
them that love and fear his name : great
things hath he done for nie ; things so won-
derfully marvellous that they would hardly be
believed were I to tell of them. If I have



experienced any shortness in my journey
Zionward, it has been on my side, and not the
Lord's, for he has been faithful, and his pro-
mises have been and remain to be yea and
amen, forever. Whilst I was on ship-board,
and thought by some to be nigh unto death,
how did the Lord appear for my help and
consolation ! and since I have been in this
chamber, how has he appeared for my com-
fort in the night season, and I have been en-
abled to sing hymns of praise and thanks-
giving unto Him ! When the ship made her
soundings, I made my soundings on that Rock
which has never failed me, whose foundation
is from everlasting to everlasting. I saw that
I should be safely landed, though extremely
weak in body, and was enabled to say, should
the Lord see meet to raise me up, and
strengthen w.e, still to show forth his wonder-
ful works to the children of men, or cut short
the work in righteousness, Thy will, O God,
and not mine be done. I do not see how the
end will be."

Ninth. — He passed a distressing night, and
one time said, " I did not know whether I
should live to see the light of another day."

" Eleventh. — He said he felt the Saviour to
be near him every hour of the day. From
this period there was some apparent improve-
ment, and for a time he was more comfort-
able; but the disease not being removed, his
weakness again increased, and on the 29th he
was very feeble. At one time, he said, as to
himself, he had no doubt : he had the same
faith which had been with him through life,
and which was founded upon the gospel of
Christ, which enabled him to say with the
apostle, " Nevertheless I live ; yet not I, but
Christ liveth in me ; and the life which I now
live in the flesh, I live by the faith of the Son
of God, who loved me, and gave himself for
me."

Twelfth of Sixth month, in the morning, he
said, " Perhaps this day will end all your
cares and troubles." In the evening his breath-
ing became more laboured : after some time
he was incapable of being aroused, and a
little after twelve o'clock, at night, he quietly
passed away, in the sixty-ninth year of his age.

Throughout all his extreme weakness and
great distress, that faith and trust in the mer-
cies and promises of his dear Redeemer,
which had been so remarkably e.xemplified
during his eventful life, remained firm and
imshaken; and that all things would work
together for good, seemed to be the prevailing
covering of his mind throughout his illness.

He has ceased from his many and extensive
labours, and we feel an assurance has entered
into that rest which is prepared for the peo-
ple of God.

His remains were conveyed to Friends'



130



THE FRIEND.



Meeling-house, in Orchard street, where a
large and solemn meeting was held, in which
testimony was borne to the sufficiency of that
Divine Power, by wliich he was prepared for
usefuhiessin the church, and made instrumen-
tal in promoting the cause of vital Christi-
anity in the world.

After which tlie corpse was followed to the
grave bj- many Friends and others, and in-
terred in Friends' burial-ground, the 15th of
the Sixth month, 1840.

Signed by direction, and on behalf of the
Monthly Meeting aforesaid, held in New
York, 7th of Fourth month, 1841.



For ■' The Friond."

John Pcmhertoti's Travels in Scotland.

^(^)niin^ed from page 1?2.)

" 29th. St!t off for Bunawe at five o'clock
in the mornin;,' ; passed on to Lorn Furnace,
and took up our lodging at the house of John
Satterthwaite, who with his wife, were the
only members of our Society in the High-
lands of Scotland. The next morning many
came several miles to the meeting ; lakes and



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 48 of 154)