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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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of Pennsylvania, to take up his residence in Philadel.

phia for a season, to afford his assistance in settling the

aHairs of the province, and reducing them into order ;

h" upon deliberate consideration, consented to stay

he might see it his place. Whereupon,

'■° ""^ of '''e governor's council, keeper

of the seol, master of the rolls, and one of his commis-

I property for specific purposes ; besides, the

ottice of recorder for the city, &c.



here i



There is a proportion of failh, because there
is a body of faith— a system of faith, with a
beauty of symmetry in the whole, as well as
the parts; a harmony of relation, without a
discernment of which the full value of no one
member can be understood. In one sense,
it is 1 ight to say that all parts of the system of
revealed truth are essential. Essential to the
complete integrity of the system they cer-
tainly are. In another sense, it is right to
say that all parts are not essential. Essential
to the vitality of religion they certainly are
not. There are truths, without the confession
of which the soul can live unto God, though
it may suffer loss; and there are others, witli-
out which it cannot ; just as there are mem-
bers of our bodies, without which we can
survive ; and others, without which life must
be extinct ; all essential to integrity, not all to
vitality. The pattern of the tabernacle which
was shown to Moses in the mount had its
various parts, from the net-work of the outer
court to the most fine gold of the inner sanc-
tuary, and every cord of that net-work was as
essential to the perfect integrity of the pattern
as any crowning of gold about the mercy -seat.
But who can say that the ark of the covenant
and the mercy-seat within the veil were not
more vilally important than the whole frame-
work around them? So, in the doctrine of the
gospel, there is a proportion of importance ;
some parts more prominent, more necessary,
hile none can say to any, " I have no need
:" thee ;" all " compacted together by that
liich every joint supplieth," all nourished by
the same central fountain, animated by one
pulse, depending on one head, even Jesus
Christ, " from whom all the body by joints
and bands having nourishment ministered and
knit logether, increaseth with ihe increase of
God." To preach the truth, in this, its right
shape and proportion, is a great duty. All
we say may be scriptural ; we may keep back
no single feature of the whole body of reveal-
ed truth ; and yet our representations may be
so confused, disjointed, unshapen ; the greater
points so hid in the undue prominence of the
less, means so confounded with ends, the
stream of life with its channels, the symp-
toms of health with its properties, outward
motion with inward life, the mode of pro-
fessing with the mode of obtaining grace ; no
separate statement untrue, but each in its
relative bearing so confused, as to leave an
impression scarcely better than that of posi-
tive error — Mcllvaine.



The Electrical Eech at the Royal Adelaide
Gallery, says a late English journal, lately
died. " It was brought to this country from
one of the many tributary streams of the river
of the Amazons, about forty years ago, and was
the only one of its kind in Europe. Its food
was small fish, which it could stun and stupify
by an electric shock, at two feet distance. It
always stunned and stupified these fish before
it ate them. The most inleresting and beau-
tiful experiment performed by its electricity
was in setting fire to a piece of silver paper in

ass cylinder. One end of a conductor was
attached to the paper, and the other to the



144



THE FRIEND.



eel, and by lliis means llie paper was burnt, smaller than any previous one, owuii; very
It was necessary that the eel should bo irri- much, it was believed, to the inability of pa-
tated before it would send forth electricity, rents to send their children, on account of the
It w\is young when brought over here, and extreme pressure of the times in money mat-
was blind for some time before its death." Iters.

^^ " Friends of this Yearly Meeting have long

■ 'suffered for the want of a school of this kind.

Emancipation in Jamaica, W. I. — The to enable them to give their children a guard-
Monthly Miscellany for January, gives an ed education, as within their own inclosures.
encouraging report of the results of emanci- By the kindness and liberality of a number of
pation, by a gentleman formerly of Boston, | Friends of other Yearly Meetings, added to
who has recently returned from a residence i what has been contributed here, it has been
in this Island, and who is on the point of es- 1 established, and in operation more than five
tablishing himself there in one of the largest | years. And in this short time, its good and
silk establishments probably in the world, salutary effects are numerous, not withstand-
After long experience, — after having had to ing a very small number of the youth of the
wrestle wTth prejudices so common in New | Yearly Meeting, of a suitable age to go to
England against the coloured race, — he does school, in proportion to the whole, have had
not^hesitafe to pronounce the free blacks of the privilege of being instructed there ; yet,
Jamaica the best peasantry he has ever seen. | out of that number, more than eighty have
Their docility, fidelity, orderly habits, and since been engaged in teaching school in dif-
general propriety of conduct, are all that could ■ ferent neighbourhoods.

be desired. The price of labour averages] " By request of Virginia Yearly Meeting, a
twenty-five cents a day, and they seem anxious ^ committee of men and women was appointed
to be employed. But a very pleasant feature to sit with them and other committees in coun-
among them is the eagerness after knowledge, cil, at their next meeting, relative to the
The school reports of Kingston prove the smallness of their numbe



black pupils to be more capable or more assid-
uous than the white. You can get a coloured
boy to do any thing for you by offering him
instruction. It has been difficult to get them
to leave their books at night and go to their
rest, when they found themselves where this
unknown privilege could be enjoyed. They
enter with zest into the use of religious oppor-
tunities. The population is 450,000. — Mass.
Spy.



THE FRIEND.



FIRST MONTH, 28, 1843.



UNDERTAKER.

For the inrormalion of Friends in this ci(y, we in-
form that Jesse W. Taylor, No. 215 Cullowhill street,
e Sijtlh, has commenced the business of Under-
dcrtuking for Friends ; and is prepared to furnish coC
fins, and attend at funerals. His residence is at 2U6
Noble street, above FifUi.



Since the short notice relative to Nort
Carolina Yearly Meeting, a letter has been
received by us from one of its members, from
which we extract as follows: —

" Although several weeks have elapsed
since the sitting of this meeting in the Ele-
venth month last, it may be that some of the
brethren in other places, who consider that
we are, or ought to be, one people, wherever
scattered, would, even now, be glad to be in-
formed that, through Divine favour, it was a
good meeting ; and its business transacted in
a precious degree of harmony, and in oneness
of sentiment. There was very little need for
condescension, as the members were gene
rally of the same mind. But as one, formerly
said, ' Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but
unto thy name give glory, for thy mercy, and
for thy truth's sake.'

" The several subjects, usually claiming the
attention of the meeting, were disposed of in
course. An Epistle of Advice was sent down
to subordinate meetings, encouraging to faith-
fulness in the support of our Christian testi-
monies. The report of the committee having
charge of New Garden Boarding School, show-
ed the financial state of that institution in a
more favourable situation than heretofore.
But the number of pupils for the year was



Comhfs Spelling Book Enlarged.
Kimber & Sharpless, No. 50, north Fourth street,
Phihidelpliia, have just published a new edition of Com-
ic's Spelling Book : to which lliey have added a vari.
ety of useful exercises, so arranged as to familiarize the
pupil wilh the correct spelling, pronunciation, and
meining, of about two thousand ambiguous or difEcuU
words.

The extensive use, for a long term of years
in our schools, of Comly's Spelling Book, as
publishrd by Kimher iiin, yet she cherished Icelings of love towards other
Christian denoniinalions, and owned the good un-
der whatever name. Her charily, benevolence, and
liosjiitulity will long be reniembeied by various classes
of the community. Through her illness, her patience
and resignation to the Divine will were manifested, and
after a season of much sufi'ering, she testified, that
" The Lord is good." " He is good to them that serve
Him'— "to the soul that seeketh Him." And again,
"Thanks be unto God who givelh us the victory
through our Lord Jesus Christ." In her pe'aceliil
close, we believe tlie language to be applicable, " Blcs.
sed are the dead which die in the Lord from hence-
forth ; yea, saiili the Spirit, that they mny rest from
their labours ; and their works do follow llicm."

, nn the 2d instant, at his residence in Upper

Darby, Del.iware county. Pa, Gaiirett Levis, a mem-
ber oi Springfield Farticular Meeting, in the 64lli year
of his age.

, on the 13th instant, at her son's, in this city,

in the 75th year of her age, Ha.n.vaii Holummiead,
widow of F.dmond Hollinshcad, lormcriy of Burlington
county, New Jersey. During a long and painful con-
finement, though she sometimes seemed anxious to de-
part, yet she would frequently say, " When I remem-
ber all that my Redeemer suti'ered for mo, I feel I have
not one pain too many ; and desire patiently to wait all
his appointed time, until my change cume." And He,
who in mercy, had sanctified to her the various afflic-
tions of the present life, was pleased at the last to grant
her a quiet and happy close, and wa'trust an admission
into his kingdom of rest and peace.



PRINTED BY JOSEPH &, WILLIAM KITE,

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



VOIh XVI.



SEVENTH-DAY, SECOKB »XONTB, 4, 1843.



iro. 19.



EDITED BY KODERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Price two dollais per annum, pnyubUin adou
Subscriptions and Payments received by
GEORGE W. TAYi.OR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



NOTES ON EGYPT.

By Alexander Dvff, one of the Church of
Scotland's Missionaries to India.

(CiincludeJ from page IM.)

With such or similar objects constantly re-
curring, the enumeration of which might be
greatly extended, objects of present and retro-
spective interest, time glided pleasantly away,
till we found ourselves landed at Boulac, the
river port of Cairo, distant about two miles.
What fancy has not glowed with accounls, of
the unrivalled magnificence of Cairo ? Cairo,
" the proud city of the Kaliphs, the delight of
the imagination, greatest among the great,
whose splendour and opulence made the pro-
phet smile ?" And certainly there is one view
of it, which does look at once novel and su-
perb ; it is that from the rocky fortress, so
greatly strengthened and adorned by Yusnf
or Saladin, the antagonist hero of the Cru-
sades. The relative position of the fortress
may be thus represented. Between Cairo and
the sea, northward, the whole country is flat,
immediately contiguous to it on the south,
commences the mountain ciiain of Makattan,
an arid naked range of calcareous rock ;
which, at a varying, unequal distance, runs
southward nearly parallel to the Nile, en-
closing the eastern side of the valley, as with
an enormous perpendicular wall. On the
abruptly terminating angular point of this
lofty ridge, as it frowns in barrenness on the
verdant Delta of the Nile, is built the citadel
of the Kaliphs, where are to be seen stupen-
dous columns of red granite from ancient
Memphis ; the well of Saladin, about twelve
feet square, and three hundred feet deep, ex-
cavated in the solid rock, down to the level of
the Nile ; the enclosure, where the last of the
ftlanialuke Beys, with hundreds of their fol-
lowers, after having been invited by Mahomed
Ali to a friendly feast, were treacherously and
barbarously massacred ; and, alongside of that
fatal spot, the new mosque of Egyptian ala-
baster, now rearing at the expense of the
Pasha, as if in atonement for his many crimes
of cruelty and blood. From a salient angle
of this citadel, there is a panoramic view,
embracing an uncommon assemblage of ob-
jects, of singularly varied and blended inter-



est. Immediately under and around its base
are seen spreading out, on the one hand, the
ruins and aqueduct of Old Cairo; and on the
other, the splendid tombs and mausoleums of
the Kaliphs — with the walls, the turretted
battlements, and the three hundred minarets
of New Cairo lying between. On the west,
chiefly between the city and the Nile, lie the
gardens and palaces of the Pashas, Beys, and
other Turkish nobles: then the "exulting,
the abounding river," itself — on the other
side of which stretch out fields of emerald
green, hemmed in, at the distance of ten or
twelve miles, by the bleak line of sand and
rock, which terminates the Lybian Desert ;
the platform of which is surmounted by the
great Pyramids of Ghizah. Turning to the
soulli, the fertile vale is seen ascending tow-
ards Thebes ; with the forest of palm trees, at
no great distance, which enshrouds the r
of Memphis, the city of the Pharaohs, and
overshadows the spot that has been conse
crated by the deliverance of the infant Moses
and, overlooking the whole, the pyramids of
S.tkhara, reared on a cape-like projection of
the elevated range of the desert. Confronting
the north, the boundless plain of the Delta
expands before the spectator, with the ruins of
Heliopolis or On, the city of the sun ; the city
of the Patriarch, Joseph's father-in-law, and
famed as a seat of learning, even in a land
which was the cradle of philosophy and sci-
ence : beyond these, the field and the solitary
tree, under whose branches tradition repre-
sents Joseph and Mary as having reposed,
when " they fled with the young child to
Egypt," and which, as the recompense for
such hospitable shelter, has been blessed with
" miraculous longevity and eternal verdure ;"
and, strangely interblended with all these and
similar objects, of antiquarian or sacred asso-
ciation, the present Pasha's polytechnic
school, cotton inanufactories, the founderies,
and powder-mills! To the east, opens up the
general desert of the Red Sea, where the
children of Israel once wandered under the
guidance of the cloudy pillar — the chosen
symbol of Jehovah's presence. In the whole
world beside it would perhaps be difficult to
find, spread out, from one point of view, so
singularly diversified a combination of the
great and the small ; the noble and the vile ;
the stable and the frail ; the rare and the
common ; the beautiful and the unsightly ;
the*ancient and the modern; the sacred and
the profane ; vast arched aqueducts and ditch-
like canals ; rich gardens and barren rubbish ;
verdant plains and desert wastes ; living
streams and naked rocks; minaretted mosques
and tattered booths ; palaces and tombs ; py-
ramids and mud-huts ; venerable relics of wis-
dom, and obtrusive memorials of folly; mar-



vellous remembrances of the forbearance and
goodness of God, and striking monuments of
the ambition and tyranny of man I

To the eje, viewing most of these objects
externally, and at a distance, the grand and
the interesting n)ay seem most to predominate.
A closer inspection will usually serve to ban-
ish much of the illusion. Begin with the city
of Cairo, the centre of the panoramic scene.
From the elevated point of observation, nought
is discerned but the flat or balustraded roofs
of the houses, the cupalos and minarets of the
mosques. Descend towards it, enter the
interior, and its principal streets are soon
found so tortuous and narrow, as scarcely any
where to admit a single wheeled vehicle
passing, and often not more than a single
donkey. The houses shooting up many sto-
ries in height, exhibit towards the streets lit-
tle more than blank prison-like walls, save
where, here and there, a grated aperture
tends to confirm the suspicion, that one is tra-
versing a city of jails and condemned crimi-
nals. Far on high, a wooden framework is
often made to strike out, so as almost or alto-
gether to meet some similar projection on the
opposite side, and thus to intercept the view
of the blue vault of heaven over-head. And
then what incessant driving and beating of
foot passengers with sticks, from right to left,
to make way for the turbaned Turk, or the
grotesquely-robed government ofiicials, mount-
ed on asses, mules, horses, or camels! What
grimaces, noises, and vociferations on the
part of jugglers, beggars, slaves, and fanatics !
What brayings and what screamings when
the confined, unpaved substitutes for streets,
are fairly blocked up by towering camels, or
donkeys, so largely laden with reeds, or sticks,
or cotton bags, as to threaten all passers-by
with a thorough crushing against the wall !
What lounging, smoking, and vagrant idle-
ness, in dingy dens, misnamed shops, and
bazars, and marts of business ! What swarms
of noisome vermin every where as if gene-
rated from the very dust ! In a word, what a
total absence of taste, and elegance, and com-
fort. What din and confusion, filth and smells,
misery and squalled wretchedness ! No one
who has traversed the streets and suburbs of
Cairo, need wonder that it should be a " city
if the plague." If the ancient Egyptians, in
heir personal, domestic, and civic habits, at
all resembled the modern, what fresh signifi-
ance does the spectacle of Grand Cairo shed
on the multitudinous precepts and ordinances
of the Levitical code, respecting cleanliness
and ablution, altogether independent of their
higher typical bearings, in the progressive
olution of the gospel dispensation? In the
contrast of Cairo with any of the great Pro-
testant cities of Christendom, we never felt



146



THE FRIEND.



more vividly before, liow iriuch we were in- combat as we passed along, were among (be
dcbted to the religion of llie cross, not merely difficulties of this journey ; and it was S(jnie-
for the hope of a heaven of glory hereafter, times even ditliciilt to preserve becoming se-
but for those refined and ennobling sentiments, riousness, on hearing the people relate the
which naturally issue in all that can adorn, strange and unaccounlalile ideas they had
beautify, or comfort tiie life that now is. But formed of our Society. Whatever use might
the mosques with their minarets and crescents, arise from the labours of my friends in pro-
are not they superb? 'l"o the taste and eyes of nioting a retbrmation of life among ibe peo-
many they are. The outer walls, painted with ^ pie, and in making tliem more acquainted
alternated stripes of red and while, rising [with the means ot salvation, 1 believe this
from bottom to top in parallel horizontal journey might have use in removing a loud of
lines, of a foot or two in breadth; the dust- j prejudice from their minds, and opening a
embrowned cupolas, minarets, and crescents, door to future labour, if called for by the
which look like a profusion of fanciful stucco- j Master of the harvest. 1 returned to my com-
work, or huge Chinese toys ; such fantastic [ panions at Macduff, where we had the most
figures and variegated hues have doubtless crowded meeting in the evening I reniembei
their attractions: but whether for the child or to have seen in Scotland; the people were
the man, the vulgar likings (if demi-barbarism,j remaikably still, and John Pemberton was



or the noble aspirations of highest civi
we leave it to others to dtlermine. Of this
we are satisfied, that, in point of real sym-
metry, elegance and grandeur, there are a
dozen cathedral churches in London alone,
incomparably superior to the finest mosque in
Cairo.



For " The Friend."

John Pemherton^s Travels in Scotland.

(Concluded from page 131.)

" We were about to take leave of the High-
lands, which is perhaps as rugged a country
as is inhabited by man, but where we might
acknowledge we were favoured, both outward-
ly and inwardly. The hospitality and kind-
ness of the inhabitants more than counter-
balanced the unpromising aspect of the coun-
try : their respectful attention, their open and
susceptible minds, ready to receive religious
communications, together with the gracious
ownings of His presence, whose cause we
were endeavouring to promote, were sources
of comfort to us, that cheered our passage
through these comparatively solitary regions.

" Eleventh. — The day was very stormy.
An affecting account came in the evening of
six men being drowned in ferrying over a
river, the passage of which we must have at-
tempted, if we had gone forward.

"Twelfth. — Passed to Elgin, where we had
a meeting; after which we proceeded to Cul-
len; and on the 13th, rode through Banff to
Macduff, where John Pemberton had held a
meeting before, but had left the place uneasy.
We met with considerable openness, and ap-
pointed a meeting ; a number of solid sober



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 54 of 154)