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ed by the noise of some crows to a small
is^land, in a swamp lying contiguous to his
farm. While in pursuit of the crows, he was
startled by the sight of a large rattle-snake.
He killed this, and another of the same kind
that afternoon; and returning the next day,
he killed seven more, the last of which he
found coming out of a hole in the ground.
This circumstance led to the suspicion that
this might be the place where the whole bat-
talion had their usual winter quarters. In
the winter, young Compton, accompanied by
two of his brothers, repaired to the spot with
implements for digging; and after removing
about eight inches of the turf, or upper sur-
face of the ground, they found immersed, in



three inches of clean water, and lying side
by side, twenty-eight rattle-snakes, one large
spotted snake, and four black snakes ; and to
complete this " interesting group," there was,
at least, a peck of spring frogs associated

th them. All of these reptiles were in a
torpid state.

iMy informant also stated, that several dens
of a similar description had been discovered
in the neighbourhood of Buckshutum, a vil-
lage a few miles distant ; in all, or most of
which several kinds of snakes and also frogs
were found grouped together.

I incline to the opinion that the above
sketch will prove interesting to many of your
readers ; particularly those who reside in
large towns and cities, and are therefore not
so well acquainted with the " manners and
customs" of the frog and snake tribes. Should
you be the same opinion, you will please give
it an insertion in your excellent " Advocate,"
and oblige yours, most respectfully,

J. Purdue.

Mauricclown, Cumberland co., N. J., Jan. 1843.



Svperfcial Infidels. — Sir Isaac Newton
set out in life a clamorous infidel ; but, on a
nice examination of the evidences of Christi-
anity, he found reason to change his opinion.
When the celebrated Dr. Edmund Hulley was
talking infidelity before him, Sir Isaac New-
ton addressed him in these, or like words : —
" Dr. Halley, I am always glad (o hear you
when you speak about astronomy, or other
parts of the mathematics, because that is a
subject you have studied, and well understand ;
but you should not talk of Christianity, for you
have not studied it. I have; and am certain
that you know nothing about the matter."
'I'his was a just reproof, and one that would
be very suitable to be given to half the intir
dels of the present day, fur they often speak
of what they have never studied, and what, in
fact, they are entirely ignorant of. Dr. John-
son, therefore, well observed, that no honest
man could be a deist, for no man could he so*
after a fair examination of the proofs of Chris-
tianity." The name of Hume being mention-
ed to him, " No, sir," said he, " Hume owned
to a clergyman in the bishopric of Durham,
that he had never read the New Testament
with attention."



Madison's Yierr of War as Fatal to Liber-
ty. — Of all the enemies of public liberty, war
is perhapr the most to be dreaded, because it
comprises and develops the genius of every
other. War is the parent of armies ; from
them proceed debts and taxes; armies, and
debts, and taxes, are the known instruments
for bringing the many under the dominion of
the few. In war, too, the discretionary power
of the executive is extended, and all the means
of seducing the public mind are added to those
of subduing the force of the people. The same
malignant aspect in republicanism may be
traced in the inequalities of fortunes, and op-
portunities of fraud, growing out of a state of
war, and in the degeneracy of manners and
morals engendered by both. No nation could



preserve its freedom i
war.



the midst of continued



Sixth Annual Report of the Association [New
York] for the Benejit of Coloured Orphans.
The Managers of the Coloured Orphan
Asylum, while they call to recollection the
events which have filled up the past year,
and gather up the general result of their
entire history, cannot but feel that their posi-
tion is no longer characterized by the uncer-
tainty and timidity in which they began their
undertaking. Although they have no reason
to believe themselves, as yet, the advocates of
a cause of general popularity and acknowledg-
ed importance, it would be uncandid and un-
thankful to deny, that they have never been
destitute of sincere and single-minded friends
and co-adjutors. When they remember how
recently their efforts were commenced, how
wisely and kindly all the circumstances of
their progress have been ordered, and how
often those circumstances have been evidently
beyond the reach of human calculation and
C(jntrol, they can adopt no language but that
of subordinate and dependent agents. They
feel that they are indeed dependent, not only
on those who have authorized theai to be the
distributers of their kindness, but in a far
higher and more emphatic sense, on Him,
who moves the springs of human actions, and
thus silently, but surely, carries on his own
infinite purposes of wisdom and beneficence.
To Him, in the highest degree, belongs the
praise of deliverance from a threatened and
learful calamity. On the morning of the 7tl:
of Seventh month (July) last, the Asylum wa^
discovered to be on fire in a part of the build
ing, occupied as sleeping apartments ; and had
the event occurred at nii^ht, it is pro
from the combustible materials of the house,
that all of the inmates would not have escaped.
Happily, they were brought out in safety, and
without injury to their health, although there
were at the time, several children confined to
their beds with measles in a room, the ceil-
ing of which gave way. The fire was extin-
guished more promptly than might have been
expected, and the house, although rendered
for a time untenantable, was not extensively
injured. The sympathy and assistance which
were kindly proffered, were peculiarly grate-
ful, at this period of great, though temporary
distress. The children were, by an unfore-
seen combination of circumstances, readily
provided with a suitable habitation, to which
they were all safely and comfortably removed,
on the afternoon of the same day ; and no
emotions now mingle with the recollection of
the event, but those of grateful pleasure, in
this additional instance of Divine favour and
protection. Indeed, this circumstance, like
many others, characterized by our igno-
rance as evils, was productive of positive
good, for the situation at Fiftieth street, to
which the children were removed for a few
weeks, afforded opportunities for exercise, re-
creation, and the enjoyment of pure air, which
the Managers could not otherwise have hoped
to procure.*

• For the advantages of their summer arrangements,



THE FRIEND.

The statistics of the Institution are as fol-
lows : —

Admitted since the opening of the Asylum
(US.)
Number of children at date of last report, .55



.\dmitted during the present ye

Total,

Present number, (boys 27 — girls 23,)

Indentured,

Returned to surviving

Deaths,



parents



13



Total, 68

Among the most auspicious evidences of the
progress of their cause, the Board have to
acknowledge the appropriation by the Corpo-
ration of the city, of twenty lots of ground,
lying on the Fifth Avenue, Forty-third and
Forty-fourth streets. They feel that they are
mainly indebted to the unwearied efforts of
two of their advisers, for the finally successful
issue of their application. On this eligiblf
site, they proceeded to erect a plain and sub
stantial brick building, which is expected to
be ready for occupancy in the ensuing spring,
and which will be sufficient for the accomnio-
dalion of 150 children. Great pains have
been taken by the building committee, in con-
junction with their intelligent and experienced
advisers, lo select a plan, which should be, in
its proportions simple and harmonious, and in
its details unornamented and appropriate.
The dormitories, school-rooms, and dinino-
hall are spacious and well ventilated apart-
ments, and the other rooms convenient and
well adapted to their respective purposes.
The building is 140 feet front, varying from
forty-two to fifty feet in depth. It has a good
cellar, and will, it is believed, be free from
any liability to dampness.

'i'he prospect of leaving their present limit-
ed and inconvenient jiremi.ses, is the more
welcome and cheering, from the discouraging
results of a part of the year, in regard to the
health of the children. Although, in account-
ing for the melancholy fact, of nine deaths, it
should be mentioned that measles and scarlet
fever prevailed during the earlier, and autum-
nal fevers during the latter part of the period,
there can be no doubt that every form of dis-
ease has been aggravated, by the crowded
apartments of the present building. It should
be added, that the duties of their physician
have been onerous and multiplied, and it is
due to their present esteemed medical attend-
ant, Br. Isaac Taylor, to say that they have
been cheerfully performed.

The influence of religious instruction, on
the minds of the children thus early called
away, was marked in several instances, as the
Managers have reason to believe, by an evi-
dent blessing. They were permitted to wit-
ness its effects, in the interesting circum-
stances which characterized the death-bed of

the Board are under obligations to the Association for
aged Coloured Persons, in which they recogi

ter Inslitr-^

extreme (
cepted i



155

a little girl of great intelligence and the hap.
piest natural disposition. The truths of the
gospel which she had been taught, had fallen
upon good ground, for they sprang up and bore
fruit, in sweet evidences of a renewed heart.
Submissive and patient under her sufferings,
she asked only to depart and be with Christ ;
and He, whose love assigned to her here a
brief and obscure existence, heard that prayer,
and took her in mercy to Himself.

The school, which continues under the
charge of the Green Street School Associa-
tion, has been well sustained during the whole
year; the esteemed friends who have con-
ducted it, having voluntarily assumed the
additional labour and self-denial, of continuing
their services during the residence of the
children at Fiftieth "street. The Managers
feel that their labours are of great value, in
increasing the efficacy and interest of the reli-
gious instruction of the children, and in adding
to the prominence which it so justly claims.
An Orphan Asylum is in its origin, confessedly
a Christian Institution, and should be such in
its operations and its results. The Managers
earnestly desire that this may be seen to har-
monise with the pure and elevated principles
of the gospel, from the spirit which pervades
its direction and government.

Favoured as the Institution is now acknow-
ledged to be, in the prospect of removal into a
building, which seems to give a pledge for its
permanence and more extended usefulness, the
Managers would not convey to their friends
the idea that there remains no room but for
mutual congratulations. A considerable sum
is still necessary, to complete and furnish the
house, and to regulate the grounds; the last
being particularly important, to secure the
inmates from the fevers which prevail in
many parts of the island, during the latter part
of summer, and in the autumnal months; nor
should it be forgotten, that the annual expen-
diture must of necessity be greatly increased.
To those who have sustained the" Institution,
during the most critical period of its exist-
ence, it may be unnecessary to insist, year
after year, on the intrinsic merits of the cause;
but they ask that portion of the candid, the
intelligent, and the conscientious members of
the community, who have so far looked coldly
their proceedings, whether a more ex-
tended and practical application of the pre-
cepts of the gospel, would not impel them to
the conclusion, that they owe to these chil-
dren, equally with every other destitute fel-
low-creature, obligations which they ought
never to forget. They would ask attention to
the subject, with the earnestness which be-
longs to truth and justice, and, they believe,
that if good men of every name, would calcu-
late the consequences of neglecting the moral
and physical welfare of any class of the com-
munity, the result must be a mode of thinking
and acting, more humane and liberal, than has
generally prevailed in regard to our coloured
population.

With all the anxious perplexity which the
Managers experience, as to their pecuniary
affairs, they cannot but feel, in view of the
general embarrassment of the whole commu-
nity, that they have been singularly favoured.



156



THE FRIKND.



Tliey have not incurred a greater amount ot
toil and discouragement, tlian are amply re-
compensed, when they reflect upon the hodily
suffering and the moral evil, which have been
removed or prevented ; and while they acknow-
ledge their solemn sense, of an inadequate per-
formance of many of their duties, they feel
that in their prosecution, they have experi-
enced benefits, whose value can only be known
to their own hearts. 'I'here is one centre, to
which all gratitude and all acknowledgment
must converge, and the Managers would not
lightly or presumptuously declare, that in
their whole history, they recognize the work-
ings of a controlling Providence, too intricate
to be always interpreted by human reason, but
which will never ultimately counteract any
scheme, that seeks, in sincerity and upright-
ness, to promote the best interests of men.

New York lllli (Nov.) mo. 25tli, 1842.
A short Account of the life and death of Ade.
line Ilicla.—By her Teacher.'
Adeline Hicks, a coloured orphan, died the
13th of September, 1842, in the eleventh year
of her age. It is hoped this little memoir
will not be uninteresting to those who love to
trace their Master's impress even on a " sable
brow," as it proves the truth of that Scrip-
ture, " God is no respecter of persons."

Adeline Hicks, and her sister Georgiana,
were admitted members of the New York
Coloured Orphan Asylum in November, 1839.
Adeline possessed a mild and amiable disposi-
tion, was very attentive to her studies, and
gave general satisfaction to her teachers. She
was exceedingly kind and tender-hearted, and
capable of a strong degree of attachment,
which she evinced on several occasions, par-
ticularly when her sister was bound out. It
was painful to witness the parting scene, and
it was long ere Adeline recovered her wonted
cheerfulness. She also appeared much affected
when a death occurred in the establishment,
and could not join the other children in sing-
ing the funeral hymn, as slie wept all the time.
In short, she appeared to feel for, and love
every body.

Although apparently of a delicate constitu-
tion, her health was good till the spring of
1842, when she began gradually to decline,
but never complained of either sickness or
pain. Her usual, indeed invariable, reply to
those who asked how she felt was, " Better."
She spent the summer in the country, for the
benefit of her health, and returned only three
weeks previous to her death. It was during
these three weeks that the secret workings of
her mind were made known ; and enough has
been collected to prove that now, as of old,
" out of the mouths of babes and sucklings
God has perfected praise."

Notwithstanding her mild and gentle dispo-
sition, it is supposed she was not a subject of
renewing grace, until her last illness. She
stated, a few days before her death, that she
knew, from the beginning of her sickness that
she could not recover — that it was consump-
tion (of which her mother died) that was
making its certain inroads on her constitution
— and with that knowledge she had a fear of
death. " But now," she added, " 1 have no



fear of death. I know it is only my body, that
II be laid in the cold grave, my soul will go
to Jesus, who died for me."

In subsequent conversations, her language
was nearly to the same effect. She said it
Horded her much comfort to hear the chil-
dren sing the hymn commencing,

I would not live alway ; no, welcome the tomb '.
Since Jesus liiith lam there, I dread not its gloom '."

arid asked a young woman who lived in the
louse to sing it for her, saying, " It is a very
pretty hymn." There was but slight appa-
rent change in her during a week or two pre-
vious to her death ; but on the morning of the
day on which she died, she appeared much
li\elier, and inclined to talk, which was very
unusual. She appeared to have no care for
her.self, (except that she might be washed
very clean,) but seemed anxious about others
who were ill. She stated clearly and satis-
factorily the state of her mind — that she felt
that love to God which produceth love to man.
Her last words were, " I have a good feeling
toward her," (meaning a little girl in the
country who had been unkind to her.) " I have
a good feeling toward all the children here,
and I love them all ; and I have a good feel-
ing toward every body." She spoke in a very
earnest and animated manner; — when sud-
denly " the silver cord was loosed." She lost
her sight and speech, and lay, apparently,
without pain, breathing sol"lly, for some time,
when her happy spirit was gently released,
without a sigh or groan.

Thus died Adeline Hicks; and it is hoped
that all the little children who read this ac-
count, whatever the colour of their bodies
may be, will seek to have their souls washed
and made while in the blood of the Lamb,
that when they come to die they may be able
to say, with Adeline,

" Welcome the tomb !

Since Jesus hath lain there, I dread not its gluom."

The receipts of the various religious and benevolent
institutions of England, last year, amounted to nearly
three and a half millions of dollars. — Late paper.



THE FRIEND.



SECOND MONTH, 11, 1843.



In giving insertion to the subjoined circu
lar, we are desirous to press upon those to
whom it is addressed the importance of a
strict attention to its contents. We have been
sensible at former annual meetings of our
Bible Association, that much disadvantage
has been sustained through want of punctu-
ality in sending up regular reports.
CIRCLX.VR.

The Committee of Correspondence of the
Bible Association of Friends in America,
would again remind the officers of Auxiliaries
of the importance of sending up their annual
reports, with particular answers to the seven
(jueries subjoined, in time for the meeting of
the Managers, next preceding the annual
meeting of the Parent Association. To insure
their being received in time, they should be



plainly directed to George VV. Taylor, No.
50 North Fourth Street, and mailed so as to
reach the Depository before the first of Fourth
month.

The committee regret that several Auxil-
iaries have neglected to send any account of
their proceedings for several years past ; and
are sorry to perceive, that some of these have,
for as long a time, allowed balances of consid-
erable amount to stand against them on our
books. In cases where Friends are unable to
keep their Association together for the con-
tinued promotion of the worthy object of the
distribution of the Holy Scriptures, they will
of course see the propriety of discharging
their accounts previous to dissolution.

It is gratifying, to the committee to find
that some Friends continue to labour in the
good cause, and to struggle with the various
difficulties that arise in the course of their
efforts. May such be encouraged to persevere,
and render what assistance they can. Where
pecuniary help cannot be given, the Associ-
ation may be efficiently aided by ascertaining
and reporting the situation of Friends within
the limits of the respective Auxiliaries, with
regard to a sufficient supply of Bibles and
Testaments.

John Papl, ^ Correspond-

Thomas Kimber, S ing commit-
Thojias Evans. ) tee.
(iUERIES.

1. What number of families or individuals
have been gratuitously furnished with the
Holy Scriptures by the Association, since its
establishment; and how many during the past
year ?

2. What number of Bibles and Testaments
have been sold by the Association, since its
commencement; and how many within the
past year ?

3. How many members, male and female,
are there belonging to the Association ; and
what number of families of Friends reside
within its limits?

4. Are there any families of Friends within
your limits not duly supplied with the Holy
Scriptures; and if so, how many?

5. How many members of our Society,
capable of reading the Bible, do not own a
copy?

6. How many Bibles or Testaments may
probably be disposed of by sale or otherwise
to Friends within your limits?

7. Is the income of the auxiliary sufficient
to supply those within its limits who are not
duly furnished with the Holy Scriptures ?

The annual meeting of the Auxiliary Bible
Association of Friends in Philadelphia Quar-
terly Meeting, will be held on the evening of
Second-day, the 13th instant, at half past seven
o'clock, in the Committee Room, Arch street.
The members of both branches are invited to
attend.

Nathan Kite, Scc''ry.

Philad., Second month 7th, 1340.



Died, on the 24th of last month, in the 90th year of
his ngc, William Evans, son of Joel Evans, of Spring-
field, Delaware county, Pennsylvania.



THE FRIEND.



157



MEMOIR OF JOHN WIGHAM.

(Continued from page 150.)
Aberdeen, Eleveiillj month 24lh, 1821.

To his Son, A. W. 1 would have

acknowledged thy letter sooner, but I have
had such a rheumatic attack in my head, as
to unfit me for writing, and even now I am
unfit.

I dwell in a weary land, but I have the
shadow of a mighty Rock ; and though Ihe
Lord sees meet to keep me poor. He grants
ine a hope in His mercy, which is an anchor
to my poor mind ; and when I get one trying
day over, I console myself with thinking, I am
another day nearer the close.

I do not wonder at thy feeling frequently
low and depressed ; it is the path that all the
faithful followers of a crucified Saviour have
to walk in. He is described in Scripture as a
man of sorrows and acquainted with grief;
and surely it is enough for the disciple to be
as his Lord. Let us in these low seasons still
trust in Him ; — He knows what is best for us,
and He feeds his children with the food con-
venient for them ; He puts forth his sheep,

and goeth before them : — mind, dear ,

His putting forth, and follow Him in the way
of his leadings. When thou wast a child, I
was a man ; and now I am the child, and thou
art the man. A word to the wise is suffi-
cient.

To his Niece, Margaret Wigham, late John-
ston. It is without date, but supposed to
have been written about the time of her leav-
ing Aberdeen.

I shall miss thee much ; but hoping

thou art going to thy right place, I am re-
signed. Mayst thou and thy dear Thomas
grow in grace, become established as pillars
in the church, and be made instrumental in
building up that little meeting, where thou
art gone to reside. Cross occurrences, trials
and conflicts, thou must expect, or else thy lot
will not be like that of other pilgrims; but
whatever the trials of thy day may be, be sure
to keep this point in view — the honour of
God ; prefer Hini and His cause to everv
other thing; never mind self, let that be of no
reputation: still strive to learn of the Divine
Master to be meek and lowly in heart ; then
thou wilt undoubtedly experience all things to
work together for good.

I need not say much ; — thou hast the unc-
tion from the Holy One, that will teach thee
all things needful for thee to know, as thou
carefully atlendest to it. I love thee as a
daughter, and shall always be pleased to hear
from thee.

First month 16th, 1831.— You are a little
company in Corwood Meeting, which I fre-
quently think of, with desires that you may be
built up together in the Truth, and stand as
ensigns to the people about you, — that your
lights may shine, which, if you are circum-
spect and watchful, will be the case. The
Lord will do you good.

First month 18lh, 1823.
To his Nephew, Thomas Wigham. — Written
soon after the decease of his wife.
I nearly sympathise with thee in thy re-



cent great loss, also with thy dear mother ;
she will feel much ; — it will greatly increase
her concern for the poor children: but resig-
nation must be sought for. Young, when
writing on the subject, says: —

What cannot Resignation do ?

It wonders can jjerforni :
Tliat powerful charm, " Thy will be done,"



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 58 of 154)