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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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Flowers of brightest hues are o'er mc,

Blooming on enchanted ground.

But these gilded baits of pleasure,
From a foreign land unknown.

May not — dare not — be my treasure,
Though I dwell a pilgrim lone !

Rather let the desert hide me,

'Till the chastcning^ hand of Love,
To a belter home shall guide nic,

With a radiance from above.
Earth-born j'^ys, how soon thoy leave us,

With an achmi;, wounded lie.nrt;
Planting thorns th^.t rankling erieve us

With a deep and cruel snurl !
Oh, then, ivilhcrin(T buds of beauty.

Smile not tlius to bind me here.
For the lonely path of duly.

Must be mine— though dark and drear.

Israel's Shepherd ! gently lead me,
Where sweet Shiluh's waters flow;

In the lowly valley feed mc,
Where thy flocks in sati;ly go.

Teach me to thy voice to hearken,
HuEubly following thy behest.

Then, when night the earth shall darken,
Take uie to thy fold of rest I



Translated for " The Friend.'
ADORATION.

From the German of Cramer.

How shall my thoughts to Him ascend

Who doth wilh love creation fill, —
My Kitiif, my Father, and my Friend ?

'l call ; but he is silent still !
O, when dear Saviour shall I see.
My seeking spirit joined to thee ?
Thy wonderous workmanship of light.

Whose glory tongue hath never told.
Make manifest thy matchless might.

Thy wisdom and thy love unfold.
My thoughts they 611, but human speech
Creation's beauties may nut reach '.

What perfect praise my soul shall move

When I behold llice as thou art I
Creation's paths, which plainly prove

'I'hy glory, though beheld in part.
The workings of Omniscient might.
Are but thy shadows, not thy light !

Thee throughout nature I behold.

And praise thee in a faltering tone ;
But could my spirit-wings unlbid.

And bear me nearer to thy throne.
Midst streams of joy which flow from thee.
Glorious my voice of praise should be ;
liad I with white-robed seraphs place,

Wliere worship flows unceasingly, —
Could I behold my Saviour's face.

As all the blessed ones can see, —
My heart which lis[)s in chlldicih voice.
Should in maturity rejoice !

Thy voice of mercy speaks within.

Of washings which can make mc white ;

Of free forgiveness lor the sin.

Which shaded o(X thy inner Light ;

Then what Can I ask more of thee;

Since thy own Spirit teacbcth me I

Within my soul thy heavenly ray

Continues still its light to shed,
A morning-dawn to endless day ; —

Soon sli.,11 the sunny noon be spread ;
Then full of thee my soul shall raise
Tlie seraph song ofperfecl praise !



Eminent Shoemakers. — Linna^tis, (lie fuiiiid-
er of the science of botany, was a|ipreiiticed
lo a shoemaker in Sweden, but afterwards
taken notice of, in consequence of his ability,
and sent to college.

David Pareu.«, the elder, who was after-
wards a celebrated Professor of Theology at
Heidelburg, Germany, was at one time appren-
ticed to a shoemaker.

Joseph Pendrell, who died some time since,
at Gray's Buildings, London, and who was a
profound and scientific scholar, leaving an e,\-
cellent library, was bred and pursued through
life the business of a shoemaker.

Hans Sachs, one of the most famous of the
early poets, was the sou of a tailor ; served an
apprenticeship to a shoemaker, and afterwards
bucarae a weaver, in which he continued.

Benedict Baddouin, one of the most learned
tnen of the sixteenth century, was a shoe-
maker, as likewise was his father. This man
wrote a treatise on the shoemaking of the
ancients, which he traced up to the time of
Adam himself!

To these may be added those ornaments of
literature, Holcroft, the author of the Critic,
and other works ; Giftbrd, the founder and for
many years the editor of the London Quar-
terly Review, one of the most profound schol-
ars, and elegant writers of the age ; and
Bloomfield, the author of the " Farmer's Boy,"
and other works, all of whom were shoemak-
ers, and the pride and admiration of the lite-
rary world.

John Brand, Secretary of the London Anti-
quarian Society, and author of several learned
works, was originally a shoemaker, but found
means to complete his studies at O.xford.

VVinckelman, the learned German antiqua-
ry, was the son of a shoemaker, and was for
some time engaged in the same employment,
but finally burst from his obscurity, and be-
came a professor of belles lettres. He was
the friend and correspondent of the most
learned men of his time.

Fox, the founder of the sect called Quakers,
was the son of a weaver, and apprenticed to
a shoemaker and grazier.

Roger Sherman, the American statesman,
was apprenticed to a shoemaker, and found
ample time during his minority to acquire a
stock of knowledge that assisted him in the
acquisition of fame and fortune. — Late Paper.



Total Eclipse of the Sun, Jvly 8, 1842.—
We have been indulged with the perusal of a
private letter from that excellent astronomer,
Francis Baily, Esq., giving an account of this
superb phenomenon, as witnessed by himself
at Pavia, [in Italy,] over which town the line
of central darkness exactly passed. The ap-
pearances were every way extraordinary,
unexpected, and most singular. At the mo-
ment when the total obscuration commenced,
a brilliant crown of glory encircled the moon,
like the aureola which the catholic painters
append to their saints. Suddenly, from the
border of the black and labouring moon, thus
singularly enshrined, burst forth, at three
distinct points, vilhin the auj-eola, purple or
lilacjlames, visible to every eye ! At this mo-



ment, from the whole assembled population of
the town, a simultaneous and deafening shout
broke forth. K similar manifestation of popu-
lar feeling is recorded at Milan, occasiuned by
the self same astonishing spectacle, accom-
panied in the latter instance with a general
" Huzzuh ! rivent Ics ustronomes .'" The
eclipse was also viewed from the Superga,

near Tourin, by our Astronomer lioyal,

Airy, apparently under less favourable cir-
cumstances. We have yet heard of no astro-
nomer witnessing from a great elevation in
the Alps the shadow striding from peak to
peak, or blotting in succession the fair fields
of North Italy. Such an exhibition must
have been perhaps the sublimest which the
eye of man can ever witness as a mere phy-
sical phenomenon. — London Atheneum.



The Norfolk Herald states, that the " late
Richard Carney, Esq." of Norfolk county,
has bequeathed legacies to ditferenl benevo-
lent institutions, amounting together^to 1. "3,000
dollars ; and also emancipated all his slaves,
six in number, and gave to each 15U dollars,
with a request that they should emigrate to
Liberia.

M.iiiRiFD, on Fifth-day, the S9lh nil., at Friends'
Mccling-housc, in Lower Rochester, JoH.x L. Folsum,
of Epping, In Mary Ann Beede, of Dover, N. H.



Died, in Canton, Washington Co., Indiana, on the
10th day of the Sixth mo., IH'JS, Peninah Albertson;
a member of Blue River Monlhly Meeting ; daughter
of Phineas and Ueb-cca Alberlson, aged about 33
years ; after a severe illness of short duration. It was
her endeavour to be useliil in Society, and as a teacher
of youth; and tliis appeared to be a consolation to her
in the hour of aflliclion. She was frequently engaged
in prayer, and a few hours before her departure, ex-
pressed that she believed she had been permitted,
through the course of the preceding night, lo have a
tbresight of the blessed prospect betnre her. Her last
words were nearly these, "Lord, let thy servant depart
in peace, tor mine eyes liave seen thy salvation."

, on the morning of the 2Tlh ult., Hannah Par-
ker, aged 61 years; a member of Philadelphia Month-
ly Meeting. Though suddenly summoned to meet Ihe



of souls, ther



isgr



nd for the consolins



hope to survivors, that she had her lamp trimmed, and
light burning, ready to enter into Ihc marriage supper
of the Lanib, our Lord, through whom alone she hoped
for redemption and final salvaiion.

, of pulmonary consumption, on the 27th ult.,

Rebecca L., wile ot George Gaskill, of Burlington,
New Jersey, and daughter of John Lancaster, late of
Philadelphia, in the 31st year of her age. This inter-
esting young woinan was much beloved by a large cir-
cle of friends ; and it is greatly to be desired, that whilst
they partake of the consolation which is mercifully
mingled in this bereavement, they may be stimulated
by the example of her latter days, to make their peace
with God while opporlunily is graciously afforded.
Having felt Ihe necessity of preparation for the final
and solemn change, she was favoured availingly to seek
an ever-present Helper, who was pleased lo carry on
His work secretly within her. The day belbre her
death, while giving directions relative to the disposition
of various valuable articles, she remarked to a friend,
that she had not left Ihc most important work to this



that it had been



going



vhen they knew



hllle about it. After this, being exhausted, she had lit-
tle ability to converse ; though, she remarked, thut there
was much she could say, if she had strength. Having
I aUained a slate of peaceful resignation, she departed
■ his life in great serenity, leaving her afflicted friends
comforted with the belief that she is an inheritor of the
precious promises given to those who love the appear-
ing of the Lord Jesus.



Fur " The Friend."
A WORD IN SEASON.

In looking over some manuscripts of the last
century, 1 liave found a paper purporting to
be a copy of an address by the late Samuel
Fothcrgiil, to his neighbours, during the win
ter of 1756, a time of great difficulty to the
poor in England. It is written in that pecu-
liar and unflinching language, which charac-
terized this eminent minister of the gospel ;
and perhaps it may not be unprofitably revived
at the present time, when the wants of our
own sutEy-ing poor are likely to present strong
claims on the sympathies of those who have
hearts to feel, during the approaching incle-
ment season. Let us remember too, that even
in Philadelphia we have need to behold with
blushing and confusion of face, — yea, and with
distress also, — the crowds of attendants on the
theatres, and other places of vain and profitless
amusement, and the large amount of money
wantonly lavished in dissipation, which miu^ht
go far towards alleviating the condition of our
suffering fellow-creatures.

The effects of the five or six places of thea-
trical entertainment in this city on the youth,
who are continually enticed to frequent them,
are lamentable indeed. Sad is it to see the
numbers of abandoned, miserable boys, and
tawdry, wretched creatures of the other sex,
who nightly crowd the pavements before the
doors of these nurseries of vice and crime ;
and it would well serve the cause of Christian
morality, could our legislature be prevailed
upon to close forever these polluted places.

We have got rid of lotteries in Pennsylva-
nia ; we are apparently, though gradually,
stemming the tide of drunkenness ; we have
long ago cleared our skirts of internal slavery ;
and why may we not trust, that the day will
come, when the commonwealth founded by
William Penn may not harbour the nuisance

of a single play-actor within its borders ?

Then we might hope to have fewer miseries
to relieve, and larger means wherewith to do
it. W.



A few Hints, addressed to the Inhabitants
of Warrington.

The present distress of our poor neighbours,
justly demands our attention, and ouo-ht to ex-
cite in our minds a proper disposition to re-
lieve them, accompanied with gratitude to
that kind Providence who hath made us to
differ from another.

Sympathy with the distressed is painful,
yet a pleasing sensation to those who consider
the social duties of life necessary to be sus-
tained with propriety, as one step towards a
fellowship hereafter; and every consideration
should induce us to aspire after.

If we are blessed with hearts susceptible of
such impressions, to mitigate their distress
will necessarily be our endeavour, if happily
their burden may be made lighter through
our assistance.

These remarks arise from the general com-
plaints and cries of our suffering poor, which
indeed are loud and piercing, through the want
of bread; ciicumslances the most painful,
when not a few parents, after the labour of



THE FKIEND.

the day, are compelled to hear, without any
possibility of relief, the piteous cries of their
children for bread, which, alas ! they are not
able to procure for them.

That this is the state of many amongst us,
is a most painful and certain truth, though
perhaps neither thought of nor attended to by
many, who in fulness of bread and ease, forget
the anxiety of the poor.

What attempts have we made to relieve
them, and mitigate their sorrow and suffer-
ing? I wish I could give a detail of many.

Are the inhabitants unable to administer
relief to their poor neighbours? Are their
circumstances such as render it difficult for
them to sustain the necessary duties of socie-
ty ? I believe otherwise.

Have we not had among us for many weeks
a gang of Players, vagabonds, declared such
by the laws of the land ?

Cannot we find money enough to squander
away upon them, to supply their lu.xury, and
pay them for corrupting our youth ?

W'e can spare, as 1 am credibly informed,
from eight to fifteen pounds a night, support-
ing at the expense probably of some hundred
pounds [per annum] these scandalous vaga-
bonds, in defiance of every awful sanction of
laws divine and human, and hear unmoved
the cries, and see the tears of our starving
poor, who mourn for the relief we thus lavish
away. Is this a loan to the Lord, which we
might hope himself would repay ?

Who will hesitate a moment, on reflection,
whether it be not more consistent with our
duty and interest, to turn this stream of pro-
fusion into the families of the poor? Banish
these vermin from amongst us, approve our-
selves capable of rational and religious consi-
derations, and thereby will be suggested to us,
in a time of need, the calm, peaceful evidence,
of our having been " good stewards of the
manifold mercies of God."

Inquire not who is the author of these re-
marks, but whether they are true.



13



for " Tlie Friend."
GOSPEL CHARACTERISTICS.

The new covenant is distinguished from the
old by the enunciation of practical doctrines,
which appropriately mark it as the gospel of
peace and salvation, intended to effect a spi-
ritual reformation, and to introduce a spiritual
worship amongst men. When the prophet,
speaking in the name of the Lord, foretold
the introduction of the new dispensation, he
declares, " this shall be the covenant that I
will make with the house of Israel ; after
those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law
in their inward parts, and write it on their
hearts ; and will be their God, and they shall
be my people. And they shall teach no more
every man his neighbour, and every man his
brother, saying. Know the Lord ; for they
shall all know me, from the least of them unto
the greatest of them, saith the Lord : for I
will forgive their iniquity, and I will remem-
ber their sin no more."" With this promise
agreeth well the saying of our Saviour, when
he declared, that the Spirit of Truth should be
in the disciples, and should guide them into



all truth. It is in harmony with the declara-
tion of the beloved disciple, " and ye need not
that any man teach you ; but as the same
anointing teacheth you of all things, and is
truth, and is no lie ;" and also with that of
the apostle to the Hebrews, " that God, who
at sundry times and in divers manners spake
unto the fathers by the prophets, hath in these
last days spoken unto us by his Son." All
these passages are intended to mark no tran-
sient communication from Heaven to one man,
for the benefit of the rest of the world, but they
point out that under the gospel, every member
of the flock of Christ, has the privilege of
hearing him in his inward and spiritual ap-
pearance. He hath spoken unto us ; and he
will continue to speak unto the faithful to the
end of the world. The new covenant had
been spoken of as belonging to a period when
the lion should lie down with the kid, and
when nothing should hurt or destroy ; and it
was ushered in with the anthem of " glory to
God in the highest, and on earth peace, good
will towards men." In accordance with the
spirit which marks the prophecies, and breath-
ed in the angelic song, were the injunctions
of our Saviour to his disciples, that they should
not resist evil, that they should love their
enemies, bless them that hated them, and
pray for those that used them despitefully.

Having, under the gospel dispensation, union
and communion with the Prince of Peace, we
shall, as a necessary consequence, if we are
faithful, become more and more leavened into
his Spirit, wherein love will be the coverimr
of our minds, and we shall learn to bea'r
hardness with patience, submit to wrong with-
out anger, and be brought earnestly to desire
the present and everlasting welfare even of
those who treat us despitefully and persecute
us. Having thus become members of the body
of Christ, partaking of his grace and good
spirit, we shall find him dispensing to us, as he
sees meet, those gifts which he has received
for men. Not all gifts in the ministry ; but
qualifications for various services and stations
in his flock and family, which are to be used
only when, and as, the Master points out.
When any have been employed by him in his
warfare, the work being effected, the weapon
is to be returned into his armory. If anv
presume to enter the spiritual conflict, without
his order, they go without the heavenly ar-
mour, and however their weapons may seem
to resemble those which are carried bv
the faithful, they will be found wholly ineftec-
tual in the warfare against sin and corruption.
To those who have any true perception of the
nature and ground of gospel ministry, how
absurd the idea seems, of educating children
for that office. We, who know not the heart,
undertake to select instruments for the Mas-
ter ; we, who are unable to do any good thing
of ourselves, dare to think we can qualify
others for his service, and then presume to set
them at work for him.

John Dobbs, who was born near Carrick-
fcrgiis, in the year 1656, was the eldest son
of Richard Dobbs, a justice of the peace for
the county of Antrim, and a man of consider-
able properly and influence. He had high
views for his son, and calculated that with the



14



THE FRIEND.



strong natural abilities which John early in trated, endeavoured, first by the force of argu- [
life di!^p!ayed, he might rise to become a' ment, by persuasion, and by flallery, to cause ■
bishop. With this expectation, he gave his|him to break olThis connection with Friends;'
son l!io advantages of a good education ; and and when this failed, treated him with great
Could nut forbear, at times, speaking of what severity. But John, who had made his elec-
h'} considered the most desirable post for tion, from what he believed to be a clear
him. \\ hen John was but about eleven years sense of religious duty, was neiiher to be sha-
of ace, he overheard his father express this ken by the enticements of worldly advantages,
desire ; and the reflection arose in his mind : : by the desire he felt to gratify a beloved pa-
" It is a great concern to take the care of : rent, nor from the natural wish of escaping
other men's souls upon me : it is well if I can ! from the suflerings he was called on to endure,
look after my own." iHe was at one time kept a prisoner in the

Being of a serious turn of mind, the com- 1 house for several months; and during that
pany and conversation of those who were loose period, for not pulling off his hat when they
and dissipated, became exceedingly burthen- [met, his father beat him over the head with
some to him. To complete his education, he \ great fury with a cane. The injury he received
was sent to Oxford. Whilst he was on his brought on a fever, and although he recovered
way, a fellow-traveller incidentally mention- 1 therefrom, at times he suffered from the effect
ing that some were not willing to send theiriof this violence as long as he lived. His mo-
children thither, lest their morals should be'ther, who through all his trials was his faith-
corrupted, the information excited serious, ful friend, protecting him as far as she was
alarm in his mind. When he entered the 'able, soon after was taken sick and died,
schools, he found that the conduct of many of i John now felt the continuance at his father's
the students justified all that had been said of house so disagreeable to himself and others.



their looseness in morals, indolence and folly.
In vain did John, in integrity and zeal, endea-
vour to turn the conversation of these to im-
proving subjects ; he could accomplish no
good end with respect to them, and being
fearful of his own stability, he requested lib-
erty to leave the college, and return to his
father's house. This he obtained : but the
company who were brought there by his fa-
ther's station in civil society, occasioned this
young seeker after purity and peace, great
sorrow of heart. Degraded by intemperance
and other vicious habits, they were little cal-
culated to instruct or interest him, and he
accordingly kept as much as he could out of
their society.

He now lived much retired, endeavouring
to walk before his heavenly Father in great
circumspection and innocence. His mother,
Dorothy Dobbs, had become united in mem-
bership with the Religious Society of Friends,
and from her Christian conversation and de-
portment, he was inclined to regard the prin-
ciples which she had adopted with a favour-
able eve. He read with interest some of
the religious writings of diflerent members
amongst Friends; but declined all intentions
of entering into their community. His father,
indeed, although he allowed his wife to attend
their meetings, declared he would turn any
of his children from under the paternal roof
who should do so.

Thus things continued until about the nine-



that he left it ; and going to London, placed
himself with Charles Marshall. Here he was
instructed in chemistry and medical know-
ledge ; after which he returned to Ireland,
and became a practitioner of reputation and
success.

His father continued to the last in the same
bitter spirit towards him, leaving the family
estate to his younger son, charged with an
annuity of ten pounds per annum for John, " to
keep him from starving, or relying on this
seducing people for support." 'l"he heir was
wasteful and extravagant, and out of this am-
ple property, the annuity was but poorly paid.

Believing that the will of his father was
illegal, the friends of John Dobbs urged him
to apply to the law for the remedy of the
wrong he had received ; and offered him the
pecuniary aid requisite. He accordingly
commenced legal proceedings ; but not feel-
ing that quiet and inward peace, which above
every thing else in this life he coveted, he
withdrew the suit, and confided himself and
his cause to Providence. He made a wise and
happy matrimonial connection ; and by the
industrious exercise of his talents, he gained a
comfortable independence for himself and his
family.

Contented with his circumstances in life, he
made no efforts to acquire great riches, and
faithfully warned his son, who became a mer-
chant and embarked largely in trade, to mo-
derate his desires, and to restrain himself in



teenth year of his age, when he attended aithe pursuit of wealth. Through the enlight-
meeting appointed by Thomas Docwra, a ening influence of the Teacher of the new



ministering Friend from England. The min-
istry at this meeting was attended with such
baptising power and authority, that John was
fffectually reachcil ; and being convinced of
the truth of the doctrine delivered, he soon
after jiiined in membership with the Society
of Friends. This step brought great tribula-
tion and sorrow upon him, through the oppo.
sition of his family and friends, particularly
his father. He had been a general favourite;
but now their conduct towards him was chang-
ed. His father, whose hopes and expectations
oa his behalf, seemed now likely to be frus-



covenant dispensation, this concerned father
was enabled to foretell to his son, that the
property he was grasping after, would escape
from his hands. This pros|)ect was after-
wards fully realized.

Rich in the distinguishing graces of the
new covenant dispensation, — faithful to his



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 6 of 154)