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jljgy are termed, are j to some as unreasonable and absurd, but it is nevolent objects,— do not let us with length-
the visited ones fly to these to perfectly consistent with the Christian pre-ened faces, and whining complaints, lament
cept, which requires, that we should love our 'over the luv
neighbour as ourselves; and those only who {institutions
act upon this principle have discovered the
real blessing of affluence. A dear Friend,
whose scale of personal and domestic expendi-
ture has always been in agreement with
Christian moderation, and who was in the

our troubles, by driving to the Lord, are aid-
ing in the great work of preparing us lo be
inhabitants of that city, where the saints do
alway behold his glory. O Sarah ! there is
a de^ee of beauty in the doctrines of our
SocieU- in this particular, which must be telt
in its "application to be fully or properly ap-
preciated. We believe that the Father of
Mercies administers sorrow and trouble to the
gay and thoughtless,— that wanting comfort,
they may happily find the true Fountain ol con-
solation. How often do they, whose dearest
enjoyments are in earthly things, find a secret
sense of sadness, an inquietude of teelmg,
which they understand not, overshadowing the
mind. It is the language of mercy from above,
and its whispers tell of the vanity ot the
world. It is the influence of the Spirit of the
which, if abode under, would draw
But, alas ! in-

Holy One,

the thoughts up to its source.

ts of music
pelling low spirits,
at hand ;— the visi

restore their usual levity and mirth, and thus,
from day to day, they slight these precious
evidences of the mercy of God to their souls.
Edicard. This is a subject I have not
thought much aljout heretofore, yet I fully
appreciate cousin Anna's remarks. I do sin-
cerely believe, that a portion of the woelul
deficiency observable among many protes-
sors of Christianity, might be traced to this
source. I have quite as strong a dislike to
the introduction of it into what is usually
termed worship. True spiritual access unto
God, I believe, from what I have known and
thought on the subject, is not at all furthered
by the excitement of the animal or intellectual
frame. It is most commonly known, when in
abstraction from outward things, the mind, m
awful quietude, finds itself gathered into a
sense of the presence of Infinite Purity. By
the power of imagination ; by the influence of
eloquent words; by a stirring swell of elevated
music, the mind may be excited ; the feelings
may be tendered, and we may pour forth ver.
bal supplication, whilst the heart is unchanged
Yes ! whilst the deep indwelling corruption of
our nature, though for that moment unfelt, is
yet in full strength. But in that awful silence
of soul, in which all exterior things are shut
out, wherein the very imagination is subdued
before the felt presence of the All-seeing One,
there is little room for deception.

Sarah. Do all Quakers enjoy such a state
of communion with God?

Anna P. O no ! Sarah ! we have cold and
formal members who feel little religious
warmth ; and we have others, who, workin
in their imaginations, can kindle up a fire of
apparently devotional feeling, who yet are
little acquainted with .'spiritual access to God.
True spiritual worship may exist without
words being uttered, and there is no state
more strengthening to the Christian tiaveller,
than when his soul can rest in awful quietude,
asking nothing, desiring nothing, in the ful-
ness of faith that God will do all things right.
In my course I have known much of the cold-
ness that precludes, and the impatient imagi-
nations that would force an oflering, yet,
through the mercy of the Most High, I have

state of the funds in our charitable

Use of Opium. — VV'e are pleased lo remark
that the Observer has called the attention of
the public to the substitution of opium for
I wine and other intoxicating drinks. It will

mentioned the subject
and warned our read-

habit of appropriating that part of her u.-j^^^ recollected that

nual income which exceeded this to the neces- 1^^^^^ ^,^^_^ ^ . ^

silies of others, owing to the present ditticul- !^^^ ^^ ^^_^^ rapidly increasing consumption of

ties of the times, has lately been much reduced | ^^^ j^.^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^-^.^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ 1,^,.^

in her resources. She does not, however, re-i " ... , . ., .

pine, as some do, ove

diminished means of self-indulgence ; but her

loes not, however, i-e-|^^^^^^ °^ ^ -^ ^ ,-^^^ yg„,.s, that the mat-

.r her hard lot, and; escaped their observation till it was too

language is, " I feel as if those who have an-
nually received their portion of that, over
which I am but a steward, have a right to it.
I must not therefore retrench my charities,
but try to discover wherein I can limit my
household and personal wants. I can live
more frugally, and yet have all things need-
ful." This is the true Christian principle,
which sees in every man a brother, the child
of the same universal Parent who showers
down the gifts of his providence over this
wide-spread land ; whose watchful eye is over
all his works; and in committing to some a
larger portion than to others, it is most surely
his will that they should receive it in trtist,
not to lavish in selfish gratification, but to dis-
pense to a " brother who hath need ;" and
the true Christian will feel that he has no
other right to it than as a " faithful steward
of his m'anifold gifts." Let the rich ihen ask,
"why am I blessed with much substance? is
it that I may sit down in luxurious ease,
whilst others are starving around me ? or is it
required of me, after appropriating with a
grateful heart, just such a portion as Truth
shall prescribe as suitable to my wants, and
without hoarding any part under any pretence,
however plausible, to let the rest be dispensed
in aid of the cause of humanity. Let not
those repine who have a smaller portion
who have had some part of it cut off"; let them
be thankful for. what they have left ; let them
not in alarm at their change of circumslan

ate for a remedy.

We are credibly informed that females of
respectable standing in society, seme of them
professors of religion, and nienibers of tem-
perance societies, habitually use opium in
some of its preparations, merely for its stimu-
lating effects; and that these effects are often
so great, that, were they caused by wine, such
feinales would be esteemed either habitually
intemperate, or in ihe most imminent danger
of such degradation. It has even been hinted
that ministers of ihe gospel have sometimes
so indulged themselves ; but we hope there is
no foundation for such a surmise.— 2/«;,/(i<

Cows. — The following is from one of our
exchanges — it is good advice. The point at
which farmers are most at fault, and that for

hich our correspondents and hundreds of
others blame them, and with reason too, is,
that they overstock their farms — only half

cd their animals — let skeleton cow-frames
drag themselves over the premises, and com-
plain because the.-^e dry bones do not give milk
abundantly. Wherever cows are kept for the
dairy, it is possible and proper — yes, it is a
duty — to keep them well. This can be done.
If you cannot keep four well, try two ; the two,
well kept, will give more income than four
half-starved ones. The goodness of the cow is
defermined partly by her native properties —
but the food also" has much, and very much to

ces hastily withdraw their annual allowance do, in making her good or otherwise, neep
for charitable purposes, until they have calmly no more than you can teed well-very well.


vol,, xvi.


NO. 23.


Price two dollars per annum, payable in advan
Subscriptions and Paymonts received by



For " Tlie Friend."

The following account of a visit to Mount
Olivet, is extracted from a work published at
Edinburgh in 1842, entitled " Narrative of a
Mission of Inquiry to the Jews from the
Church of Scothmd, in 1839."

The preface states that " it is meant to be
a plain narrative, so that the most unlearned
reader, if only familiar with the Scriptu
may follow the writers in their visit to the
lost sheep of the house of Israel." The
authors say they have been led " to dwell
somewhat minutely on the scenery of the
Holy Land, and the manners of its inhabitants,
because, any thing that may invest that land
with interest, will almost necessarily lead the
reader to care for the peculiar people who
once possessed if, and who still claim it as
their own."

The writers of (he work are Andrew A.
Bonar, minister of Collace, and Robert M.
M-Cheyne, of St. Peters, Dundee. 'J'hey
were accompanied the chief part of the jour-
ney by Dr. Black, of Aberdeen, and Dr.
Keith, of St. Cyrus, ftie author of the Evi-
dences of Prophecy. They sailed from Dover
the 12th of Fourth month, 1839, and in three
hours arrived in France ; then crossed to Mar-
seilles, sailed to Leghorn, and from thence to
Malta; embarked in a steamer for Alexan-
dria ; crossed the desert to El Arish, the fron-
tier town between Egypt and Syria; from
thence to Gaza, and arrived at Jerusalem the
8th of Sixth month. While there, they relate
as follows :—

" In the cool of the day we enjoyed a
delightful ride to the Mount of Olives.
Mounted on hardy Syrian horses, of very
small stature, we rode out at the Jaffa gate.
Here we saw the reapers busy cutting down
barley in the valley of Gihon. Turning to
the right, we went round the northern wall of
the city. The road is rough, and in some
parts difficult. Often the bare rock appears,
and the way is covered with loose stones. It
is made entirely by the feet of the animals that
pass along it ; and there is not so much as one
road about Jerusalem upon which a wheeled
carriage could run. Coming to the north-

east corner of the walls, the valley of Jehos-
haphat opened to our view, and the Mount of
Olives, across the valley, appeared very beau-
tiful, having much more variety of rocks, gar-
dens, olive-yards, fig-trees, and patches ot
grain upon its sides, than we had expected to
find. VVe now turned due south, riding still
under the city wall, which is farther from
the brow of the hill than we anticipated.
In one point only, namely, the south-east
corner, does the wall stand on the immediate
brink of the valley, in other parts it is forty
or fifty yards from the edge. Before reaching
St. Stephen's Gate, we came upon a small
eservoir half full of water, in which an Arab
vas bathing. We could not name its place
or history. Near this stands the monument
of St. Stephen, where he is said to have been
toned, and the gate called by his name, is
aid to be that out of which they hurried him
when ' they cast him out of the city.'* We
descended the steep side of Mount Moriah by
the foot-path leading from St. Stephen's Gate,
and crossed the dry bed of the Kedron by a
small bridge. The path here widens out to a
considerable breadth for about fifty yards, and
then separates into two, the one leading di-
rectly up the face of the Mount of Olives ; the
other winding gently round the southern brow
of the hill. Both of these foot-paths lead to
Bethany, and between them lies a square plot
of grouEid, enclosed with a rough stone wall
and having eight very large olive trees. Thii
is believed to be Gethsemmane. VVe stayed
only to glance at it, for it needs to be visited
in quiet and stillness; and choosing the path
that leads straight up the hill, urged our little
palfreys up the steep ascent. Mount Olivet
was far from being a solitude this evening.
One turbaned figure after another met us, and,
to add to the interest of the scene, we recog-
nised them by their features to be Jews. At
one point we came upon a small company of
Jewesses, not veiled like the Moslem ladies,
but all dressed in their best attire. The rea-
son of this unwonted stir among the solitudes
of Olivet, was that Sir Moses Montefiore, from
London, who had come on a visit of love to
his brethren in the Holy Land, had arrived at
Jerusalem, and his tent was now pitched on
one of the eminences of the hill. Multitudes
of the Jews went out daily to lay their peti-
tions before him.

" We often halted during the ascent, and
urned round to view the city lying at our
feet, the deep valley of Jehosaphat, and the
iirrounding hills. By far the finest and most
ffenting views nf Jerusalem are to be obtain-
ed from some of these points.

In a little after we came to the eminence

where Sir Moses Montefiore had pitched his
tents. He had fixed a cord round the tents
at a little distance, that he might keep himself
in quarantine. On the outside of this, a crowd
of about twenty or thirty Jews were collected,
spreading out their petitions before him. Some
were getting money for themselves; some for
their friends; some for the purposes of reli-
gion. It was an interesting scene, and called
up to our minds the events of other days, when
Israel were not strangers in their own land.
Sir Moses and his lady received us with great
kindness, and we were served with cake and
wine. He conversed freely on the state of the
land ; the miseries of the Jews ; and the fulfil-
ment of prophecy. He said that he felt the
Bible to be the best guide-book in the Holy
Land. With much feeling, he said, that sit-
ting on this very place, within sight cf Mount
Moriah, he had read Solomon's prayer,* over
and over again. He told us that he had been
at Safet and Tiberias, and that there were
1.500 Jews in the latter town, and more in the
former ; but they were in a very wretched
condition, for first thej' had been robbed bv
the Arabs, then thoy sutiered from the earth-
quake, and now they were plundered by the
Druses. When Dr. Keith suggested that they
might be employed in making roads througii
the land, as the materials were abundant, and
that it might be the beginning of the fulfil-
ment of the prophecy, ' Prepare ye the way of
the people ; cast up the highway, gather out
the stones. 'f Sir Moses acknowledged the
benefit that would attend the makino- of roads,
but feared that they would not be permitted.
He seemed truly interested in the temporal
good of his brethren, and set upon employino-
their young people in the cultivation of the
vine, the olive, and mulberry. We explained
to him the object of our visit to this land, and
assured him that the Church of Scotland would
rejoice in any amelioration he might effiict in
the temporal condition of Israel.

" Taking leave, we proceeded to the siim-
mit| through a plantation of fig trees. From
this, the view on all sides is splendid, and in-
teresting in the extreme; but it was too near
sun-set to allow us to exhaust if. Looking to
the north-west, the eye falls upon Naby-
Samuel, believed by most travellers to be
Ramah, where Samuel was born ; but by
others Mizpeth, the rallying place of Israel.'^
It seems to he five or six miles distant, and
forms one of the highest points of the land-

The elevation of
Olives above the se
Paris feel, or 416 Pa
pliat. Hence it app
than the highest po

t Tsa. Ivii. in.
tral peak of the Mount of
ivcn l)y Schubert at 2556
above the valley of Jchosa-
1 to be 175 Paris feet higher
of Zion. — Robinson, vol. 1. p.

i feet

^^o THE FKIt;XD.

scape, crowned with a mosque, which always the way icito the holiest was made manifest. I falling, but at that distance looking like
catches the eye in the northern view. To tiie But now the word of God is fulfilled. ' He Lparkl. A ball of fire seemed to roll up
east and south-east, over the summits of a hath violently taken away his tabernacle, asJiVom the crater, swelhng as it rose into the
ran^e of bare and rugged mountains, we look- if it were of a garden ; he hath destroyed his form of a vast balloon, from the top of which
ed down upon the Dead Sea, of a deep blue palaces of assembly.'* ' The mountain of proceeded a blazing column, which at length
colour. The air was so clear, and every the house is become as the high places of the burst at its summil, and fell in soft showers
thinw seen so distinctly, that our first momen- forest. 'f The mountain on which God's of slowly-descending fire. Next morning, we
tary°impression was, that we could ride down house was built has literally become a place arranged for our excursion up the mountain,
to it before night-fall; though in reality a of heathen sanctuaries, like those which, in and started at twelve at night. The lava light
lonT and ditlicult day's journey lay between. Micah's day, were erected in groves and
Beyond it the range of Abarim, the brown forests.

barren mountains of Moab, rise steep and high, i " The present wall of the Haram is nearly
and bound the prospect. Over a dark rugged identical with the enclosure of Solomon's tem-
cliain of hills, between us and Jericho, we pie on three sides. The mosque of Omar
could distinctly trace the valley of the .Jordan, stands in the centre, and probably on the spot
and the verdure on its banks, but the river where were the holy place, and holiest of all

grew stronger as we advanced ; and on turn-
ing a projecting point of the mountain, the
crater and the upper part of tlie stream of lava
burst upon our sight in all its magnificence.
We were now 5,5tl0 feet up the mountain, and
about six miles distant from the crater. 1 do
not think it looked grander at any higher
itself was hid. The summits of Abarim pre- On the south stands the mosque El Aksa, and j point. The volcano was spouting out fire and
sent to the eye an almost even line, so that there are several other oratories and sacred red-hot stones, to a prodigious hcEght (fully
we could fix on no particular peaks, and yet buildings round the walls. The rest of the i twice as great as that of the cone, which is
some of the mountain tops we were gazing on area is beautifully laid out with cypress and i,i00 feet high,) in a large column, appa-
must be Bethpeor, and another Pisgalh, the orange trees, and here the Moslem ladies | reiitly of the size of a martello tower at the
top of Nebo ; the former ever memorable, as enjoy themselves on their holy-days. No! mouth of the crater, and distending, to an
" ' lam stood when he wished Christian is ordinarily permitted to enter

the spot where

to die the death of the righteous; and the lat- these enclosures. No foot but those of the
ter, as the spot where Moses did indeed die, heathen, ' the worst of the heathen, ':j: is allow-
that blessed death. f The sight of this moun- ed to tread the court of God's holy and beau-
tain scene, reminded us of a passage in Jere-|til'ul house, so that ' their holy places are de-
miah, the force of which is lost in our ver- filed.' Surely the nrountain of the house has
sion, but which had peculiar meaning when become literally like ' the high places of the
uttered in Jerusalem. It is in reference to forest.' How true and faithful is the word of
the death of Jehoiakim, the son of pious Jo- 'the Lord! In the days of Hezekiah, Micah
siah, and the desolation that followed, ' Go up j was sent to a flourishing city, ' the perfection
to Lebanon and cry ; and lift up thy voice in of beauty, and the joy of the whole earth.'
Bashan, and cry from Abarim; for all thy J He was to walk about Zion, and when he
lovers are destroyed. ':}: The cry of woe is looked upon its towers and bulwarks, to say,
first uttered from the heights of Lebanon, the I' All these shall be desolate, and the ground
northern boundary of the land; it is echoed on which they stand shall be ploughed as a
back from Bashan, the eastern range: and field.' He was to pass by their ceiled houses,
then it resounds from Abarim, the mountains and along their splendid streets, and to cry,
of Moab, seen so distinctly from Jerusalem, j' All these shall be Af«;).'5.' Last of all, he was
In this way the tidings of distress are carried to stand in the court of the temple in which
from Lebanon to Bashan, from Bashan to they gloried, where God indeed dwelt on the
Abarim, and from the Abarim hills to the | earth, and to say, 'It shall be as the high
capital itself. |/)?uccs of the heathen.' And now, as we stood

" Turning to the left, we looked down upon ion Mount Olivet, our eyes beheld these things
Jerusalem, its mosques and domes, flat roofs brought to pass. This is the doing of the
and cupolas, being stretched out beneath us. I Lord! ' Great and marvellous are thy works,
We could now see the accuracy of the des-jLord God Almighty; just and true are thy
cription, ' As the mountains are round about ways, thou King of saints ! Who shall not
Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about his fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name ? for
people.'§ Wc obtained a complete view of; thou only art holy ; for all nations shall come
Mount Moriah, the hill nearest us, now occu-land worship before thee, for thy judgments
pied by the Haram Sherif, or ' noble sanctu-jare made manifest.' "5
ary,' with its Mahometan mosques. Here
probably is the very hill where Abraham's
uplifted hand was arrested when about to slay
his son Isaac. li Here the cry of David stayed
the hand of the destroying angel.H Here
Solomon built the house of the Lord,** where

From the New York Tribune.

The following account of the recent erup
tion of Mount Etna, is from a i

God dwelt between the cheruhims. Here the of the London Dispatch. The eruption took
lamb was slain every morning and evening i place in the fore part of December last : —
for many generations, showini; forth the sacri-j "We started from Palermo, by the Mes-
fice of the Lamb of God. Here, in the last .sine road, at half past seven o'clock, on the
day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood j morning of December 5; and toward sunset,

enormous bulk, till, at its utmost height, it
burst into myriads of fiery fragments, those on
the left being particularly conspicuous, be-
cause there was no lava there, and the red-hot
stones contiasted with the dark side of the
mountain. As they fell, they cast a bright
glow on the snow ; and each particular fiery
fragment lighted up its own portion of the
snowy surface, while a column of illuminated
steam arose wherever the hissing balls of fire
sunk upon the ground.

"The higher we climbed, the longer line
we saw of lava ; and after another hour and a
half's ascent, we reached a plain of seeming
sand, (being, in fact, pulverized scoria?,) of
about a mile square in extent, and studded
with genista or bioom, the only plant that
grows at this height, which was above that of
the Cassa del Bosco. Here the guides re-
quired lis to stop, as it would be highly dan-
gerous to proceed I'arlher during the night.
VVe were, however, well content to halt in the
position we had now attained, as we enjoyed
a complete view of the crater, and of the
whole stream of lava, from its source to the
lowest depth it had yet reached. The crater,
thus seen, resembled an enormous bowl, brim-
ming over with molten metal, such as one
sees in the cannon founderies, which streamed
down in cascades of living fire, and it struck
against some stupendous rock upon the moun-
tain-side, and separated into various currents,
twisting and winding in rivulets of fire, snail-
like, along the surface of the mountain; so
tortuous in its course, that where the stream
of lava was full ten miles long, no part of it
pondent j had yet reached above two miles from its

and cried. tt And here the vail of the tem^
pie was rent in twain from the top to the bot-
tom, when Jesus yielded up the Ghost, ifj i

• Num. xxiii. 10. + Deut. xxxiv. 1.

t Jer. xxii. 20. Sec the original.
§ Pbq. cxxv. 2. II Gen. xiii. 2. 9.

H 1 Chron. xxi. 17. •• 2 Chron. iii. 1.

+t John vii. 37. Jt Matt, xxvii. SO, 51.

on the following day, arrived at Aderno, (144 j and louder, as if begi

source in the volcano. Along with the volume
of flame, incessantly vomited forth by the
crater, we now heard, at every burst, a boom-
ing sound like the roaring of the sea against
an iron-bound coast, gradually swelling louder
far down in the

ian, or ll.T English miles from the capi
tal,) and thence, while changing horses, we
had the first view of the eruption. VVe could
plainly discern the fiery stones rising and

•Lam. ii. 6. + Mic. iii. 12.

t F.zek. vii. 2^ § Rev. xv. 3, 4.

bowels of the earth, and bellowing more fear-

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 66 of 154)