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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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sions for the i)urpose of killing elephants, and
these men together scarcely slay on an aver-
age seven in one year. When the political
state of the country will allow it, they push on
into Wadi Ansaba,a low country, well wooded
and watered, about six days' march to the
west-north-west of this valley, and inhabited
by Christians, in which elephants, rhinoceros,
buffaloes, and other large animals, are found
in numbers. The only useful part of the ele-
phant is the tusks, for the thick muscles ren-
der the flesh unlit for eating, and the skin fur-
nishes but indifferent shields. I have never
perceived any traces of the pretended devas-
tation which this animal is said to wreak
upon the trees, and which Salt has described
in his travels, although both here and in
Abyssinia, especially in KuUa, I have met with
them frequently.

"The greater part of the wood in this val-
ley consistsof thickets of prickly shrubs scan-
tily furnished with leaves of small growth,
magnificent clusters of trees are however
frequently met with, shadowing the soil with
their luxuriant foliage, and harbouring count-
less swarms of variegated birds, whose busy
activity as they fly abroad at early dawn, in
search of sustenance, gives great animation
to the scene. Euphorbias, gigantic Ascle-
piads, intermingled with different kinds of
creepers impart a very picturesque aspect to
this country.

" Being unable to convey an entire idea of
the enchanting beauty of this tropical land-
scape, I will only attempt to describe such of
the birds as are most conspicuous by their
hues or their numbers, to the eye of the tra-
veller. The number and variety of these is
greater than I have met with in any other
part of the world, and the naturalist may often
distinguish more than seventy species in one
morning; within a circuit of four or five
miles, 132 different kinds were shot by my
hunters in less than a month. The eye is
especially attracted by the brilliant plumage
of the honey-sucker fluttering in crowds
round the thickly blown flowers of the broad-
leaved Asclepias, and the various kinds of bee-
caters hunting for insects, just revived by the
warm rays of the rising sun from the torpor
caused by the coolness of the night, for Modat,
although' lying hardly 800 feet higher than
Massowa; lias much fresher nocturnal breezes.
From the tops of the trees is heard the noisy
chattering of various parrots, and the clapping
note of the restless Lamprotornis nitens.
Swarms of little finches, rendered more con-

» Cuvier, in the Inst edhion of the Reanc Animal,
has left undecided what species of elephant inhabits the
Alyssinian coasts.



spicuous by the vuriety of their dazzling
hues, are eagerly iiiteiil upon picking out the
grains of seed from the stalks of tlie plants,
whilst innumerable thrushes of the Fringilla
Paradisea and Hy-calchers, both remarkable
by the uncommon length and undulating mo-
tion of the feathers of the lull, are fluttering
down from the tree-lops. The step of the
wandering traveller in the sandy bed of a dried
up torrent frequently flushes a covey of the
hundred-eyed guinea fowls, whose clamorous
wailing as they wing their startled fliglit,
spreads fear and anxiety among their plu-
maged brethren of the vicinity. The cooing
of the amorous dove is silenced in alarm, the
huge bustard makes off with lengthened
strides, and the Cursorius Isabellinus, stretch-
ing its head on high and gazing around in
terror, betakes itself to the elevated sandy
spots of ground which are unencumbered wiih
shrubs. The Buceros nasutus, whose flight
is so remarkable from the singular and
measured motion of its wings, is frequently
seen, as also even at mid-day a species of
large Owl, (Stryx lactea,) noiselessly floating
onwards, and swarms of different kinds of
vultures cruizing in the higher regions of air,
or intently gazing on the carcases with which
we had intended to bait the hvffiua traps."—
Vol. i. p. 226.


The following " Christian Invitation" has
been recently received from England, where
it has been printed in hand-bills for distribu-
tion; and is offered for publication in the
columns of "The Friend."

Reader, whoever thou art, and whatever
may be thy present circumstances, listen for
a few moments to the invitation of a fellow-
pilgrim, and turning from all outward things,
endeavour to have thy mind fixed upon the
tfeachings of the Spirit of Christ in the secret
of thy heart. 'J'hou art, perhaps, unaccus-
tomed to this exercise of silent mental waiting
upon God, who, by His Spirit speaks to the
children of men in the still chambers of the
abstracted soul ; but it is of more importance
to thee than thou canst well imagine, that the
ear of thy mind should be turned in listening
stillness, to hear from day to day, and from
hour to hour, the gentle admonitions of this
heavenly Monitor. No situation in life, how-
ever humble, or however exalted, no circum-
stances, however chequered with present joy
or sorrow, can render this practice otherwise
than salutary to thy soul ; for in either case,
thou art coming to Him, who alone knows the
secrets of thy heart, and who will administer
just that degree of encouragement, or of re-
proof, which is suited to thy condition.

Reader, dost thou doubt whether this is
indeed the Spirit of Christ which thus strives
with thee? Turn then to thy Bible, and in the
first chapter of John, and the ninth verse, thou
will find that "The Word, which was with
God, and which was God," and bj' whom all
things were made," is declared to be the
" True Light, which lightcth every man that

Cometh into the world ;" and in the fourteenth I pared with this sweet, enriching peace, all
verse of the same chapter, it is addcil, that 1 earthly pleasures are insignificant. Happy
" The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among ! indeed are all those who obtain this blissful
us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of portion, which, to the highest enjoyment " of

the ordy begotten of the Father) full ot grace
and truth." Now seeing that the Sciiptures
were written under the influence of Divine
inspiration, we have here a clear and indubi-
table proof that this Word, which " was God,"
and " became flesh," in the person of our Lord
and Saviour Jesus Christ, is also the True
Light which ligliteth every man." Doubt no
longer, therefore, candid reader, the essertial
divinity of this spiritual light, of whom it is
said in the twelfth verse, that " To as many
as received Him, He gave power to become
the sons of God ;" but in good earnest, apply
thyself every day of thy life, and even in the
midst of thy outward and lawful cares to this
Divine, Omnipresent, and Omniscient Guide.
Leaving then all inferior teachers, listen with
reverence of soul to the gentlest whispers of
this blessed Spirit ; wait for its manifestations
with all humility and patience, and it will from
time to time reveal to thee the will of thy
Heavenly Father, — will show thee what
things in thy conduct and conversation are
displeasing to Him, and contrary to that
purity of soul, which the Christian must pos-
sess before he can enter the kingdom of hea-
ven ; and if thou art attentive to its reproofs,
and faithfully conformest thy life to its pro-
gressive discoveries, it will assuredly guide
Uiee into all Truth ; as our Holy Redeemer
has declared in John xvi. 13, " Howbcit when
He the Spirit of Truth is come. He will guide
you into all Truth," &c. It will not, perhaps,
reveal to thee, all at once, the whole designs
of infinite wisdom concerning thee, yel, as
thou art able to bear it, and art faithful to the
light already received, thou wilt receive more
light ; and bringing thus all thy deeds and all
thy opinions to this Divine test, thou wilt be
led into soundness both of doctrine and prac-
tice. " If any man will do His will," said our
Lord Jesus, speaking of the Father, John vii.
17, " He shall know of the doctrine whether
it be of God," &c. Trouble not thyself,
herefore, dear reader, with critical distinc-
tions or verbal subtleties; only come in true
faith to this spiritual Instructor, and receive
nothing implicitly as Divine Truth, but that
which is in accordance with holy writ, and is
sealed upon thy conscience by this unerring
witness for God. Thus shalt thou be gathered
from the " Lo here is Christ ! or Lo he is
there!" which aboundeth in the world ; and
sitting down under the immediate teaching of
his Spirit, who still teaches as never man
taught, thou shall know a progressive advance-
ment in the way to Zion, until thy foct are
established upon him as the Uock of Ages,
the only door of access to the true fold.

Continuing thus to walk before the Lord
blameless, thou wilt be fed with the heavenly
manna, and be privileged, during the remain-
der of thy earthly pilgrimage, to participate
with other disci|)les of our crucified and rison
Saviour, in that gracious legacy which He
bequeathed to his followers, " My peace I
leave with you, my peace I give unto you, not
as the world giveth, give I unto you." Cora-

Ihe lite which now is," adds the promise also
" of that which is to come."

A Testimony of jScie Garden Monthly Meet-
ing, held Eleventh month 5lh, 1 634, respect-
ing William and Hannah Jackson.

William Jackson, born in the Seventh
month, 1746, was the son of William and
Catharine Jackson, by whom he was carefully
educated in the principles of our religious So-
ciety. The godly caie and consistent exam-
ple of his pious parents, apjiear to have pre-
pared his mind, at a very early age, for the
reception of the seed of the kingdom ; and
being visited, in his tender years, with the
day-spring from on high, and brought to see
the emptiness and vanity of the world, he
was led earnestly to seek an habitation which
fadeth not away ; eternal in the heavens.

From what can now be collected respecting
his youthful days, there is reason to believe
that he was preserved in close attention to the
voice of the true Shepherd.

The time of his first appearance in the
ministry was probably about the year 1775.
A note in his hand-writing, dated in the Se-
cond month of that year, to the following
import, has been found among his papers.
" Having for some months, in the beginning
of this winter, liilt the refining hand to work
mightily upon me, and believing it to be for
some good end, a prayer was often formed in
my heart; Thou knowest, O Father, for
what end thou thus dealest with me; grant
me, therefore, patience, and to n y soul a
place of quiet, that 1 may wait lo know the

It appears that he passed about this time,
through many deep baptisms, under a sense
of the importance of the service to which he
believed hima^^alled, and his own unfitness
for so great sWork ; but his exercises on
this account appear to have centered in the
petition, " Not my will, but thine, be done."

In the Second month, 1776, he was recom-
mended as a minister ; and in the course of
that year, and the four fidlowing ones, with
the concurrence of his friends, he visited the
meetings of Friends in some parts of Vir-
ginia and Mar) land, as well as those in seve-
ral parts of our own Yearly Meeting. From
the certificates which were given him by his
friends at home, the endorsements received
from the meetings visited, and more particu-
larly from the recollection of some who knew
him at that period, it appears that his minis-
try was then, what it continued to be through
the remainder of his life, sound in doctrine,
weighty and solemn in manner, clear and
cogent in matter, and clothed with the simpli-
city and authority of the gospel. He was
through life remarkable for the gravity and
solidity of his deportment, and for the inno-
cent and instructive nature of his conversa-

In the beginning of 1781, he left home to
pay a religious visit to Friends in some parts



of New Jersey and New York governments.
Shortly alter lie set out, finding his mind reli-
giously drawn to visit some places not desig-
nated in his certiticate, he wiote to his friends
at home, acquainting them with his concern,
and received a minute of the Monthly Meet-
ing, expressive of their concurrence with his
more extended prospect. After he had been
engaged in tliis service the greater part of a
year, and not only visited most of the meet-
inifS proposed, hut the families in several
places ; and was looking towards the close of
his arduous engagement, he found his peace
concerned in giving up to a still further ex-
tension of labour to Friends in New England.
The situation of the country at that time,
owing to the war then carried on, rendered
travelling both diflicult and dangerous, and
very much increased the difiiculty of commu-
nicating with his friends at home ; yet such
was his caution, and regard for the order of
Society, that he did not venture to proceed
beyond the limits marked out by the docu-
ments in his possession, till means were found
to acquaint the Monthly Meeting to which he
belonged, with his religious concern, and to
obtain its consent to his paying a geneial visit
to Friends in New England. In tiiis service
he appears to have continued until near the
end of the year 1782 ; and to have passed
through many trials, both inwardly and out-
wardly. He was ficquentiy exposed to dan-
ger from companies of lawless men, who then
infested some parts of the country through
which he was concerned to travel ; and we
find, by his own account, that he was, once at
least, preserved from imminent peril by
attending to a seciet intimation, when out-
ward information was totally wanting. Thus
experiencing the safety of depending, in his
daily niovejiients, upon a wisdom superior to
his own.

In the early part of 1783, he was married
to Hannah Seaman, daughter of Thomas and
Hannah Seaman, of Westbury, Long Island,
in whom he found, until verj^Mar the close
of his life, a truly valuable al^helpful com-
panion. Of this worthy Friend, who, in con-
sequence of her marriage, came to reside
among us, and continued for about forty
years an active and useful member of this
meeting, we are concerned to give a short

She was, at a very early age, deprived of
the care and guardianship of her mother ; in
consequence of whose removal, the care of her
education devolved chiefly upon her father.
He being concerned to train up his children in
the nurture and admonition of the Lord ; in
the frequent reading of the Holy Scriptures,
and the writings of our primitive Friends; in
the diligent attendance of religious meetings,
and the practice of frequently sitting together
in silence to wait for the renewal of strength;
her mind was prepared to embrace the early
visitations of Truth ; and by yielding obedi-
ence to the gradual unfoldings of the Divine
counsel, she became qualified for usefulness in
the church ; and was at an early period of
life, appointed to the station of elder. In this
situation, the integrity of her life, and the
sweetness of her spirit, brought her into near

unity with her Friends ; but a further dispen-
sation being allotted to her, she passed through
various humiliating exercises, and was thereby
prepared to engage in the important work of
the ministry.

Her public communications were not fre-
quent, but sound and acceptable. In the exer-
cise of the discipline, she was clear and skil-
ful ; careful to set the judgment of Truth upon
transgressors; but a tender mother to those
who were sincerely concerned for its cause
and testimony. In her family she was an
example of plainness and simplicity, fully and
faithfully uniting with her husband in his tes-
timony against superfluity in dress and furni-
ture. When he was concerned to travel in
the service of Truth, she not only gave him
up freely, but laboured to encourage and sup-
port him in the performance of his religious

After hisS-marriage, William was frequently
engaged in visiting the meetings within the
limits of Philadelphia, New York, and New
England Yearly Meetings. In the year 1798,
he paid a general visit to the meetings of
Friends in New Y'ork and some parts of New
England; and from accounts received, it ap-
pears that in these engagements he was favour-
ed to move under the direction of best Wis-
dom, and to adorn, by his life and conversation,
the doctrine he was concerned to preach to

Having been for many years under a con-
cern to pay a religious visit to Friends in
Great Britain and Ireland, in the Second
month, 1602, he opened his prospect to
Friends of this meeting ; which obtaining
their weighty attention, was united with, and
the needful documents were furnished by this
and the respective superior meetings. He
landed at Liverpool in the Eighth month fol-
lowing ; and spent about three years, often
under great weakness and infirmity of body,
as well as many deep and weighty exercises
of mind, yet assiduously labouring in the
work of the gospel. During this time he
appears to have attended nearly all the meet-
ings of Friends in England, Ireland and Scot-
land, as well as some parts of Wales; and a
number of them several times. In the brief
memorial which he has left of this visit, we
find him patiently travelling on, from day to
day, attending the meetings where the mem-
bers were reduced to a very small and feeble
remnant, searching out and labouring to
strengthen the seeking seed in their lonely

In the attendance of the larger meetings
for worship and discipline, he was deeply
concerned, not only to leave among them
whatever was clearly impressed on his mind,
as their due, but to set a proper example of
designation and patience ; observing he had
often seen a danger that those who were
rightly exercised might lose their reward, and
even mar the work they were labouring to
promote, by suflTering their own wills to get
up, and adhering tenaciously to their own
judgments, after they had cast their mite into
the common stock. " Oh," says he, " these
meetings for discipline, were they held and
maintained in the wisdom and power of God,

the active menjbers knowing their own wills
subjected to His will, and moving only as he
moves them, either to speak or to be silent,
what schools of instruction would they be,
both to the youth, and to those more advanced.
I am now advanced to the fifty-ninth year of
my age, and find myself but a learner, and in
need of daily instruction.''

He arrived in his native country in the
autumn of 1S05, bringing with him satisfac-
tory testimonials from the Yearly Meetings of
Ministers and Elders in London arid Dublin.

After his return from Europe, he visited a
number of meetings within our own, and the
Yearly Meetings of Virginia and Maryland;
and in 1824, attended the Yearly Meetings of
New York and New England. In these va-
rious engagements, his edifying ministry and
solid, circumspect deportment, obtained the
cordial approbation of Friends, and rendered
his memory precious to many of those among
whom he travelled.

When at home he was exemplary in the
diligent and timely attendance of religious
meetings. His appearances there in the
ministry, were not very frequent, but carrying
with them the seal and evidence of Truth.
As he bore a faithful testimony in his own
practice in favour of plainness in dress and
the furniture of his house, so he was fre-
quently concerned to recommend it to others;
being often deeply pained with the departure
of many among us, from primitive simplicity.
The ancient testimony of the Society, to live
within the bounds of our circumstances, and to
avoid engaging in hazardous enterprizes, to
the disturbance of our own tranquillity, and
the endangering of the property of others, lay
very near to his heart ; often advising his
friends, and particularly those who were just
setting out in life, to make their wants few,
and thus avoid the danger of being driven
to doubtful or improper expedients to supply

During the commotions in the Society
which preceded and accompanied the late
separation, William and his wife remained
firmly attached to the ancient doctrines and
principles of Friends; and he bore a consider-
able part in the labour and unjust reproach
which fell upon the faithful advocates of the
cause of Christ ; openly expressing his belief,
that the contest was one between Christianity
and infidelity. After a life extended consider-
ably beyond the period usually allotted to man,
and an extensive acquaintance with the So-
ciety in Europe and America, he was able to
testify, that the doctrines which Friends
maintain in the present day, arc the same as
had been uniformly espoused and promulga-
ted, by the most conspicuous ministers, from
the time of his earliest recollection.

Retaining his faculties in old age without
visible decay, he performed several short jour-
neys, in the service of Society, after he had
passed his eightieth year ; but about two years
before his decease, he found the disorder
coming on, which eventually terminated his
pilgrimage here. During the progress of the
disease, though he often found the struggles
of nature diflicult to bear, he was preserved in
patience and resignation, frequently making


instructive observations, and soinL'timcs coin-
niemoiiitiiig the gracious dealings ol' tlie Lord
witli him, in his youth. While his strength
was gradually wearing away, he was at times
nble^lo attend the nieeliiig to which lie be-
longed ; and at one of these meetings, when a
number of young persons were present, he
repealed the saying of the patriarch Jacob,
" God, before whom my fathers Abraham and
Isaac did walk, the God that fed me all my
life long unto this day, the angel which re-
deemed me from all evil, bless the lads;" with
a solenmity which made a deep impression on
the minds of those present.

In the time of his lingering illness he read
much in the Scriptures, or desired others to
read them to him ; often explaining passages
that were read. One evening, speaking of the
nights as tedious, he solemnly added, " I wish
to be kept from thinking hard of my allot-
ment ; through a long life I have been merci-
fully favoured ; though I have not been with-
out afflictions, yet they have been light in
comparison with the favours received. Great
and marvellous are the works, just and true
are all the ways of the Creator of heaven and
earth, the seas and fountains of water, and all
thai in them is. Let all serve and give glory
to his name. Oh, worship him ! 'J'in.e (lasseth
over, the end of all things is at hand. Hojje
is an anchor to the soul both sure and stead-
fast. I often feel more desire than I can
express, that the youth may walk in the way
of truth and righteousness."

A short time before his death, some Friends
sitting with him, he in a very weighty man-
ner adopted the language ; " 1 have fliuglit a
good fight, I have kept the faith ; henceforth
there is laid up for me a crown of rejoicing."
And at another time said, " Death hath no
sting, nor the grave any terror."

His wife, during the greater part of the
lime of his decline, enjoyed a stale of compa-
rative health, and administered to his wants,
with her usual sympathetic attention ; hut a
few weeks before his decease, her health and
strength wasted rapidly away ; and on the
2oth of the Twelfth month, 18:i3, being then
in the eighty-fifth year of her age, she quietly
passed from works to rewards. When the
moment of dissolution appeared to be at hand,
William solemnly observed, " What a blessed
thing it is to have faith in God, and hope in
the Lord Jesus Christ." Soon after she ceased
to breathe, he desired those present to be still,
and after a very solemn pause, he spoke, say-
ing, " Peace to them that are afar oft", and to
them that are near. Peace to the Israel of
Gol ; and peace to them that are born of the
true seed of the kingdom, of the spirit and
power of Christ. This, I believe, she evidenced
through life."

After her death, he appeared fully resigned
to the separation, and on the 10th of First
month, 18:M, was himself called, we humbly
hope, to join the general assembly and church
of the first born whose names are written in
heaven. Thus it may be said of these valu-
able and closely united Friends, " they were
lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their
death they were not divided." They were
buried, agreeably to their own desire, and as


aa example to others, in plain coffins, without
stain or polish.

Extract from an Epistle of nC2.

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 68 of 154)