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The Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) online

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Creator, — full of charity and of good fruits
towards his fellow-creatures, John Dobbs con-
tinued through a long life to be an ornameni
and benefactor to general society, and an use-
ful and dedicated member of the church mili-
tant. To preserve his peace of mind, — to



keep the favour of his Lord, — he had given up
his claim to that wealth which would liave
exalted liim in the view of the world ; and ia
return for this dedication, durable riches and
righteousness appeared to be his portion oa
earth, and he had a humble hope, that as he
continued faithful to tlie end, he would be
permitted to find his treasure laid up for him
in the mansions of rest. He was endowed
with bright talents, b\it although occupying
them industriously under the direction of iiis
inward Teacher, he shrunk from popularity,
and sought not the applause of men. He was
not called to the work of vocal ministry, but
he exercised his gilts in the religious Society
of which he was a member, and by his con-
duct and conversation was a preacher of righ-
teousness. As such, he had attained a far
higher and more dignified station, than that
which his father had coveted for him.

Having lived in the spirit of the gospel, he
was enabled to die in the full participation of
its glorious hopes. His family, and some of
his friends, were permitted to witness the se-
renity, thankfulness and joy, which, as the
solemn termination drew near, covered his
spirit. His mind was turned at the closing
hour to consider the difterence between the
covenant of the law, and that of the gospel ;
and his lips were opened to point this out to
those around his bed. He quoted the few first
verses of the first chapter of the Hebrews :
" God who at sundry times and in divers man-
ners spake in times past unto the fathers by
the prophets, hath in these last days spoken
unto US by his Son, whom he hath appointed
heir of all things, by whom also he made the
worlds ; who being the brightnesss of his
glory, and the express image of his person,
and upholding all things by the word of his
power, when he had by himself purged our
sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty
on high." After finishing his remarks, he
almost immediately expired ; being in the
eighty-fourth year of his age.

For " The Friend."
TUE ANC1E.\T GROUND.

JNIeetings for the worship of Almighty God,
and for the administration of church discipline,
were instituted by Divine Wisdom ; and under
the government of Christ the blessed Head,
they bring into usefulness the gifts and expe-
rience of the members, and promote their
growth and the love and strength of the body
at large. In the goodness of our Heavenly
Father, provision is made for the performance
of all the duties pertaining to our respective
statures in the church. This provision is in
the immediate appearance, operation and di-
rection of the Spirit of Christ in the heart.
It is not by a profession of the doctrine of the
Spirit's teaching, but by daily obedience to it,
that our religious duties can be performed.
The outpouring of the Holy S|)irit upon all
flesh, sons and daughters, was foretold as the
distinguishing trait of the Christian dispensa-
tion ; and when our Saviour had nearly ful-
filled his mission, he said, " It is expedient for
you that I go away ; for if I go not away, the
Comforter will not come unto you ; but if I



THE FRIEND.



15



depart, I will send him unto you ; and when
he is come, he will reprove the world of sin,
of righteousness, and of judgment. Howbeit
when he the Spirit of Truth is come he will
guide you into all truth." The same Com-
forter, or Spirit of Truth that reproves the
world of siu, is the guide of the disciple of
Christ into all truth. But how generally do
Christian professors disregard, or disbelieve
the immediate teachings of the Holy Spirit.
They admit the doctrine as it stands in the
Bible, but do not appear to think the Spirit is to
teach them, or that they are to wait, or look for
it, to guide them into all truth — that this be-
longed to the apostles' days, and all we now
have to do is to read and believe what it did
for them. But the promise applies to mankind
at large, to the end of the world, according to
the will of God, and the condition in which
■we stand. The Apostle Paul writing to the
Corinthian converts, says, " Now there are
diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit — there
are differences of administration, but the same
Lord — and there are diversities of operations,
but it is the same God that worketli all in all.

" But the manifestation of the Spirit is
given to every man. to profit withal."

And after reciting various gifts, he says,
" But all these worketh that one, and the
.•self same Spirit, dividing to every man seve-
rally as he will."

These passages go to show, that in the view
of the apostle every member receives his gift,
and the ability to exercise that gift from the
Holy Spirit of God.

The constitution and order of the church is
thus described : " By one Spirit, are we all bap-
tized into one body, whether we be Jews or
Gentiles, whether we be bond or free, and
have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

" For the body is not one member but many.

" If the foot shall say, because 1 am not the
hand, 1 am not of the body, is it therefore not
of the body? And if the ear shall say, because
I am not the eye, I am not of the body, is it
therefore not of the body ? If the whole body
were an eye, where were the hearing? If the
whole were hearing, where were the smell-
ing?

" But now hath God set the members, every
one of them in the body, as it hath pleased
him.

" And if they were all one member, where
were tiie body ? But now are they many
members, yet but one body; and the eye can-
not say to the hand, I have no need of thee ;
nor again the head to the feet, I have no need
of you. Nay, much more, those members of
the body which seem to be more feeble are
necessary. And those members of the body
which we think to be less honourable, upon
these we bestow more abundant labour ; and
our uncomely parts have more abundant come-
liness. For our comely parts have no need ;
but God hath tempered, the body together,
having given more abundant honour to that
part which lacked ; that there shoidd be no
schism in the body; but that the members
should have the same care one for another.
And whether one member suffer, all the mem-
bers suffer with it; or, one member be honour-
ed, all the members rejoice with it."



What beauty, harmony and strength there
is in a body thus constituted and tempered, all
its many members performing their respect-
ive functions under the influence which flows
from one Head. By this description of the
apostle, it is plain that the control of the body
is not in one member, nor in any number of
the members, independent of the Head ; and
that in Christ's cliurch there can be no
lording one over another. In another Epistle,
he says, that the diversity of gifts are given,
and to be occupied, that " we henceforth be no
more children tossed to and fro, and carried
about with every wind of doctrine, by the
slight of men, and cunning craftiness, wherehj'
thty lie in wait to deceive; but speaking the
truth in love, may grow up into Him in all
things, which is the Head, even Christ:
from whom the whole body fitly joined to-
gether, and compacted by that which every
joint supplieth, according to the effectual
working of the measure of every part, [that is
the measure of grace which every part re-
ceives,] maketh increase of the body, unto the
edifying of itself in love." Thus it appears
that every member is to grow up into Christ
in all things, not into man, and is not to be
carried about by winds of doctrine, ' the
slight, or cunning craftiness of ambitious men,
who, like Diotrephes, may love to have the
pre-eminence, but all are to " walk worthy of
the vocation wherewith we are called, with
all lowliness and meekness, forbearing one an-
other in love, endeavouring to keep the unity
of the spirit in the bond of peace;" " being kind
one to another, tender hearted, forgiving one
another, even as God for Christ's sake has
ibrgiven you."

If the members are not to be carried about by
every wind of doctrine, it must be obligatory
upon them to stand firm against some winds ;
and here will appear the importance of acting
under the direction of the Spirit which search-
eth ail things, yea, the deep things of God, and
furnishes the spiritual man with clearness of
judgment, and strength to turn the battle to
the gate, and earnestly to contend for the faith
once delivered to the saints. Those who are
kept in all lowliness of mind, and meekness,
relying upon the Great Head, and " Comman-
der of the people," have nothing to fear, for
in the Christian warfare, the battle is the
Lord's, and he can not only defend his sol-
diers, but he will give them the victory when
his time arrives ; which the fearful and unbe-
lieving, and those who turn back in the day
of conflict, will not partake of.

It has been remarkable, what excellent wis-
dom and judgment, have been given to mem-
bers of the church, — even to some who have
not possessed very strong natural talents, or
much learning — and how this sound judgment
has been preserved even to old age. To what
can we attribute it, but the steady practice of
waiting upon the Lord until he appears, and
afresh gives them the judgment which they
are to deliver to others. Many of the ancient
men and women with whom we have been
conversant, placed their reliance for guidance
wholly upon the VVonderful Counsellor ; and
even when matters of a mixed temporal cha-
racter, were to be decided on, the uniform



habit of deliberation, and pausing for a renew-
ed religious feeling, has not only been their
preservation out of error, which the hasty,
and those who trust in the arm of flesh, often
fall into, but they have many times been fur-
nished with counsel which has aided others,
and the cause at large. How dignified is this
state of solid, reverent waiting before the
Lord, in the affairs of the church, with the
mind directed to him in faith, that he will
guide them by His eye, or the gentle impres-
sions of his blessed Spirit, like the pointing of
the finger. Many words, and profitless dis-
putations and discussions, are saved by this
excellent way of silent waiting. Time is ne-
cessary for things to open in the mind with
gradual clearness ; and as divine light and
life arise, the creature becomes prepared to
speak in the authority of Truth — and others
are also prepared to hear and to receive what
the Truth has furnished. Thus all may be
brought to see, eye to eye, and a confusion
and strife of tongues are prevented. It then
requires but a small number, comparatively, to
speak to, and settle a point ; yet it is pleasant
to have the mouths of those who keep rank,
opened in counsel and judgment, whether
many or few. Notwithstanding some are scat-
tering from the true foundation, and some who
never were built upon it are leaving the So-
ciety, I believe there is a deep concern on
the minds of many to keep to the ancient
ground ; to seek more and more fervently after
the good old way in which our fathers walked
and found safety. Ancient zeal is reviving, a
willingness to suflfer reproach for a faithful
avowal of the simplicity of the gospel of
Christ is increasing — the sophistry of Beacon-
ism, and all other spurious pretensions to cor-
rect Scriptural interpretations, without refer-
ence to, and in opposition to the illuminations
of the Light of Christ, are losing their charm
and force ; and amidst the wavering and insta-
bility manifested by some, many in the prime
and vigor of life, are turning to the Lord, and
withdrawing their trust from man. As these
dwell in lowliness of mind at the Master's feet,
they will be gradually instructed — their faith
and knowledge will increase — they will be
taught to handle shield and buckler, and an
army will be thus raised and trained by the
great Captain of Salvation. The signs of the
times are ominous — commotions are in the
world, and in all religious Societies. " Yet,
once more, I shake not the earth only, but
also h'^aven. And this word, yet once more,
signifieth the removing of those things that are
shaken, as of things that are made, that those
things which cannot be shaken may remain."
In these shakings, men and women of tender
conscience, who cannot find that which satis-
fies the immortal soul, will be turned from
the bcggerly elements and the formal teach-
ings of hired men, to seek their crucified yet
risen Lord elsewhere than amongst the tombs
of the dead. What a responsibility rests
upon those who have been called into the
fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ,
to let their lights shine consistently with the
high favours conferred upon them — that those
longing, seeking ones, who have found no rest
where they are, may be attracted by the light



16



THE FRIENn.



in the candlestick, and know iheir feet turned
into the tootsteps of Clirist's companions, and
come to teed themselves and their kids beside
tlie Shepherd's tent. " Wherelbre we receiv-
ing a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us
have grace, whereby we may serve God ac-
ceptably with reverence and godly fear ; for
our God is a consuming fire."

K. L



THE FRZElffD.



TENTH MONTH, 8, 1843.



We invite the attention of our horticultural
friends to a curious and interesting article on
the " EUects of Charcoal on Vegetatioflf ' pre-
pared for " The Friend," and inserted in page
10 of the present number. The result of
similar experiments in this country we should
be glad to be furnished with.

" The Principles of Morality, and the Pri-
vate and Political Rights and Obligations of
Mankind. By Jonathan Dymond. Abridged,
and provided with Questions, for the use of
Schools and of young persons generally. By
Caroline M. Kirklaiid. New York: C. S.
Francis & Co., Broadway. Boston : J. H.
Francis, 128 Washington St. 1842."

This is a neatly printed 18mo of over 260
pages, containing the substance of Dymond's
able and justly celebrated work. The ques-
tions appended to the volume, are intended to
aid the teacher in its use as a school-book, for
which this abridgment is mainly designed,
and for which end the sound Christian princi-
ples of morality inculcated, in a preeminent
degree adapts it. The compiler in her pre-
face thus very appropriately remarks :

" The essays which are here offered in an
abridged form to the public, have been, not
unjustly, ranked among the wonderful produc-
tions of our day. Their author, Jonathan Dy-
mond, — a young man destitute alike of the
gifts of fortune and of the advantages of scho-
lastic leisure, — pursued his researches after
moral truth within the narrow precincts of a
linen-draper's shop, from which humble source
he drew his subsistence. Throughout the
tedious course of the lingering and painful
disease, which brought him to the grave at
the age of thirty-two, the unabated energies
of an acute and pious mind, were devoted to
the task of laying before his countrymen and
the world, a system of morality which should
diU'jr from all those which had hitherto ob-
tained currency, in the great point of nn exclu-
sive gospel foundation. Rejecting every in-
termediate consideration — every device or
indulgence of human, and, of course, short-
sighted, expediency — every effort to accom-
modate the simple precepts of the Saviour to
the corruptions or the weakness of men, — this
single-minded inquirer after heavenly truth,
allowed but one question as to any practice or
sentiment, however plausible or popular, —
' How does this agree with the spirit of the
gospel V "

" Though these essays were the production
of a strictly-consistent member of the Society



of Friends, yet very few pages exhibit any
thing of a denominational bias, and not one a
trace of sectarian spirit. 'J'he style, though
Doric in its simplicity, has yet a majesty
which is the natural result of the writer's
profound conviction of the truths he was im-
parting."

We insert below a revised list of our agents.
The index to vol. 15 being completed will be
forwarded with the present number.
MST Of AGENTS.

MAINE.

Daniel Taber, Vassalborough.

Stephen Jones, jr., Palermo.

Isuiah Pope, Windham.
NEW HAAlPSHIRfc;.

Joseph Hoag, Weare.

Jonathan Beede, Poplin.
MASSACHUSETTS.

Abijah Chase, Salem.

William Hawkes, Lynn.

James Austin, Nantucket

William C. Taber, New Bedford.

Stephen Dillineham, P. M., West Falmouth.

John M. Earle, Worcester.
VERMONT.

John Knowles, Monlston, Addison Co.
RHODE ISLAND.

R. J. Pcckham, Providence.

Job Sherman, Newport.
NEW YORK.

Mahlon Day & Co. city of New York.

Joshua Kimber, Flushing, L. I.

William W'illis, Jericho, L. L

John F. Hull, Stanfordville.

David Bell, Rochester.

Charles Field, Saw Pit.

Joseph Bowne, Butternuts.

Thomas Townsend, Lowville.

Elihu Ring, Trumansburg.

Thomas Bedell, Co.\sackie.

Samuel Adams, New Paltz Landing, Ulster Co.

Ephraim Potter, Granville, Washington, Co.

Isaac Mosher, Queensbury, Warren Co.

William Keesc ad, Keeseville, Esse.t Co.

Nathaniel Adams, Canterbury.

James Congdon, Poughkecusie.
NEW JERSEY.

Charles Atherton, Burlington.

John Bishop, Columbus.

David Roberts, Moorestown.

Caspar Wistar, Salem.

Juo. C. Haines, Trenton.

Hugh Townsend, Plainficld.

Jacob Parker, Rahway.

John N. Reeve, Medlbrd.

Benjamin Sheppard, Greenwich.
PENNSYLVANIA.

George .Malin, Whiteland.

Charles Lippincolt, Westchester.

George G. Ashbridge, Downingtown.

Joshua B. Puscy, Londongrove.

Solomon Lukens, Coatesville.

Jesse J. Maris, Chester.

Thomas Wistar, jr., Abington.

Joel Evans, Spriiigfiild.

James Moon, Fallsington, Bucks Co.

Thomas Mendenhall, Berwick, Columbia Co.

Jonathan Binns, Brownsville, Fayette Co.

Jacob Haines, Muncy, Lycoming Co.
DELAWARE.

John VV. Talum, Wilmington.
MARYLAND.

John P. Balderston, Baltimore.

Dr. Thomas H. Dawson, Easton.

Dr. Thomas Worlhinglon, Darlington, Hartford Co.
VIRGINIA.

William Davis, jr., Lynchburg.

Robert White, Barber's X Roads P. O. Isle of
Wight Co.

Aaron H. Griffith, Winchester.
NORTH CAROLINA.

Phineas Nixon, P. M., Nixon's, Randolph Co.



Jesse Hinshaw, New Salem.

Nathan Hunt, jr.. P. M., Hunt's Store.

Lambert Moore, P. M., New G;,rdui.

Thomas Ncwby, P. M., Ncwby's Bridge, Perqui-
mans Co.
SOUIH CAROLINA.

Benjaiijin B. liutsey, Chailiston.
OHIO.

Ephraim Morgan, Cincinnati.

Ellwood RalcliU; Mount Pleasant.

James St:intoii, Harncsville.

Henry Crew, Richmond.

Zddok Street, Salem, Columbiana Co.

Elisha Slubbs, Jacksonburg, BuUer Co.

John Mabic, Wilmington.

Gersham Perdue, Lecsburgh, Highland Co.

Aaron L. Benedict, Bennington, Delaware Co.

David Mole, West Milton, Miami Co.

James W. Marniun, Zainesfield, Logan Co.

William S. Bates, M. D., Smithfield, J.tl'urson Co.

William Foulke, Pennsvillc, Morgan Co.

Garret Pirn, East Rochester, Columbiana Co.
INDIANA.

Elijah Coffin, Richmond.

William Hobbs, Canton.

William Hadley, Mooresville, Morgan Co.

Richard Gordon, Spiceland.

Jeremiah H. Siler, Rockville, Parke Co.

Henry Henley, Carlhuge, Rush Co.
MICHIGAN.

Joseph Gibbons, jr., Adrian.
CANADA.

Augustus Rogers, New Market.

Frederick Stover, Norwich.

A Female Teacher l^'unted,
At New Garden Boarding-School, to take
charge of the female department, at the begin-
ning of the winter session, which will com-
mence the 26th of Eleventh month. Appli-
cation may be made to Joshua Stanley, Centre,
P.O., Guilford CO., N. C.

WANTED, a man teacher, to take charge
of a school under the care of Friends. Ap-
plication to be made to Thomas Taylor, or
Benjamin Taylor, near Mount Holly, New
Jersey.

INDIAN CO.TIJM1TTEE.

A special meeting of the Indian Committee
will be held on Second-day next, the 10th
instant, at 3 r. m., in the meeting-house on
Mulberry street.

Thomas Evaxs, Clerk.

FRIENDS' ASYM'M.

Committee on Admissions. — John G. Hos-
kins. No. 60 Franklin street, and No. 50
North Fourth street, up stairs ; Isaiah Hack-
er, No. 112 south Third street, and No. 32
Chestnut street; Samuel Bettle, jr.. No. 73
North Tenth street, and 26 South Front
street; Charles Ellis, No. 95 South Eighth
street, and No. 56 Chestnut street.

Visiting Managersfor the Month. — Charles
Ellis, No. 95 south Eighth street ; Thomas
Evans, No. 129 south Third street ; Josiah
Dawson, No. 318 Arch street.

Superintendents. — John C. and Laetitia
Redmond.

Attending Physician. — Dr. Charles Evans,
No. 201 Arch street.

Resident Physician — Dr. Joshua H.
Worthington.

Hii?irED"B77osEPirX~wiTLi]^^

Seventh and Carpenter Streets.



A RELIGIOUS AND LITERARY JOURNAL.



SEVEirrH-DAir, tenth IMEOSTTH, 15, 1842.



EDITED BY ROBERT SMITH.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY.

Price two dollars per annum, payable in advance.

Subscriptions and Payments received by

GEORGE W. TAYLOR,

NO. 50, NORTH FOURTH STREET, UP STAIRS,

PHILADELPHIA.



For " The Friend."
SCENES IN AFFGHANISTAN.

The following article, originally published
in the Maidstone Gazette, has been forwarded
by an acquaintance, now in England, to the
editor of "The Friend," having been printed
there as a tract. What a melancholy picture
of the horrors and atrocities of war does it
present ! How dare nations, professing to be
Cluistians, with hands reeking in blood, pre-
tend to convert the heathen ! What a stumb-
ling-block is war to the spread of the gospel !
Yet it is under military protection that it is
proposed to Christianize Africa ! So was
Peru Christianized! and what was the fruit?
Scenes in Afghanistan. — Deeply interesting
to Young Men, Wives and Mothers, to those
whj have a diffccnlly in maintaining their
Families, and to all Christians.
The atTecting intelligence of the destruc-
tion of human life in Affghanistan, has strong-
ly reminded me of a scene which I witnessed
some time ago at Gravesend. I was standing
near the Custom House pier, taking a melan-
choly survey of a number of recruits who
were embarking for the East Indies; most
of whom appeared to be thoughtlessly rushing
into the path that leads to destruction, whilst
some of them seemed deeply dejected, as if
bitterly repenting of their folly ; when my
attention was particularly engaged by two
individuals; one was a decent young woman,
who accompanied a recruit to the edge of the
boat, apparently with the expectation of being
allowed to accompany him, and when she was
roughly thrust back, and separated from him,
she became almost frantic from the disappoint-
ment. The other was a young man, whose
appearance bespoke his being of a rather su-
perior character to his companions, and who
I suspected had enlisted in some unguarded
moment, and now seemed to be sutTering all
the agonies of remorse. I asked a waterman
who was standing near, what proportion of
these men were likely to return? His reply
was to this effect : that of those who escaped
the sword, the destructive effects of the cli-
mate, and intemperance, — about one in twenty,
on an average, return to their native country.



How little do young men, who enlist in a
fit of drunkenness, or are tempted by delusive
notions of glory and honour, and promnlion,
think of the sufferings which they will have
to endure? What equivalent does a soldier
receive, for being hacked to pieces in what is
falsely called the field of honour, but truly —
a field of blood ?

In Dr. Combe's interesting work on " The
principles of Physiology applied to the preser-
vation of health, and to the improvement of
physical and mental education," he mentions
some appalling instances of mortality amongst
recruits. He says ; " According to Mr. Henry
Marshall, regret for having enlisted, and sepa-
ration from friends, make them brood over
the inconveniences attending their new mode
of life, and their health suffers in consequence.
These causes, combined with the fatigue of
drill and the restraints of discipline, have sc
much influence, that " growing lads" fre
quently fall victims to them. The recruit, if
not very robust, falls into a gloomy state of
mind, that is soon followed by deteriorated
bodily health ; he loses his appetite, becomes
emaciated, and slight cough intervenes, and
after frequent admission into hospital, he at
last dies of diseased lungs. This is an outline
of the history of many a young lad who en-
lists in the army." " He quotes the register
of a regiment employed in the Burmese ter-



Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal (Volume 16) → online text (page 7 of 154)